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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1943

        Four Quartets

      New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company,, 1943. Octavo. Original black cloth, titles to spine gilt. With the dust jacket. Contents a little toned and with the occasional spot, spine lettering dull but a very good copy in the tanned and lightly chipped dust jacket. First collected edition, first impression with the slug "First American Edition" to the verso of the title page. In the first issue dust jacket with nine titles on the lower panel and $2.00 price to the front flap. This printing was recalled by the publishers after only 788 copies had been distributed on the grounds that the printing was below acceptable standards.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
 1.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Four Quartets (First Edition)

      New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1943. First American Edition, first printing, preceding the British. First issue, with a price of $2.00 on the front flap of the jacket and nine titles advertised on the rear panel of same. "The entire impression would have been destroyed except that it was necessary to meet the announced publication date (May 11, 1943) in order to preserve copyright" (Gallup A43a). Only 788 copies were used as advance review copies, with the remainder of the print run destroyed. Bookplate on the front pastedown, else Fine in an extremely fresh, Fine dust jacket.

      [Bookseller: Royal Books, Inc.]
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        FOUR QUARTETS

      New York: Harcourt, [1943].. Cloth. Generic bookplate on front free endsheet, but a very good or better copy, in moderately tanned first printing dust jacket with three shallow chips and a short, closed edge-tear. First impression of the first U.S. edition, and first collected edition. Due to poor imposition of the formes during printing, the first impression was deemed faulty and only 788 copies were distributed in order to fulfill copyright and other obligations; the remaining 3377 copies were destroyed. A second, prepublication impression consisting of 3500 copies was ordered, and copies of that impression saw regular distribution. GALLUP A43a. MODERN MOVEMENT 92.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Literature ABAA-]
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        New Poems

      The Poets of the Year, New Directions, Norfolk, Conn.,, 1943. Octavo. Original purple wrappers printed in black. Minor flaw to the lower margin of two leaves but an excellent copy. First Edition, First Printing, wrapper issue. With the author's signed presentation inscription to the half title leaf, "for Elmer Borklund from Dylan Thomas Chicago 1950". Borklund was a Chicago based academic and author.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        COLLECTION "MAITRISE"

      Paris: Editions Rombaldi, (1943-47). Fine, quite beautifully produced. Each volume numbered from limitations ranging from 910 to 990 copies Eight volumes containing seven titles from the collection. Uniformly bound in maroon crushed morocco, t.e.g., the spines with gilt titles and overall stylized crosshatched gilt designs. Original wrappers bound in & Titles: & La Varende. Man' D'Arc. Illus. by Guy Arnoux in color pochoir throughout the text.& Rostand. Chantecler. Original lithographs by Maurice Mourlot throughout the text.& Goncourt. La Fille Elisa. Original etchings by Etienne Bouchaud.& Maupassant. Contes de la Campagne. "Eaux-fortes originales" by Maurice Savin.& Pergaud. De Goupil a Margot. Color illustrations by Pierre Gandon.& Toulet. Les Tendres Manages. Aquarelles by Jean Moral.& Rebell. La Nichina. (2 vols.). "Burins Originaux" by Pierre Dubreuil.& & & &

      [Bookseller: First Folio]
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        SHERLOCK HOLMES IN CANADA [released as: THE SCARLET CLAW]

      [Los Angeles: Universal Pictures], 15 December 1943.. [1],115 leaves. Quarto. Mimeographed typescript, printed on rectos only of rose colored stock. Punched, and held by single brad. Title leaf a bit creased, production number stamp and pencil name on title leaf, otherwise very good. An unspecified, but pre-production draft (under the working title) of the screenplay for this addition to the Universal Holmes/Watson film canon. While the authorship is not evident on this draft, the writers identified above -- which include the film's director -- received final screen credit. The film directed by Roy William Neel, starred Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, and was released on in May 1944. The contemporary setting served as a tribute to Canada's contribution to the war effort. Script material relating to any of the pre-1950 Holmes films is uncommon. Although well over one hundred and fifty adaptations of Sherlock Holmes to the screen are known, beginning with SHERLOCK HOLMES BAFFLED (1903), the Rathbone-Bruce portrayals have become almost canonical, beginning with THE HOUND OF THE BASKERVILLES (March 1939), and concluding with the twelfth in sequence, DRESSED TO KILL (1946). DE WAAL 5153.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Literature ABAA-]
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        Des Gouts et des Couleurs

      Paris: Edition de la Galerie Charpentier, 1943. First edition. Loose signatures in paper wrappers in portfolio. Small tear to heel of spine of paper wrappers, attached glassine wrappers a bit soiled with a small tear, in a worn paper- covered card portfolio with some splits at the joints, but quite solid. Folio. Illus. with 14 [of 15] watercolors and 24 [of 27] drawings. Plus one original drawing laid in. One of 23 copies with an original drawing (14 had original watercolors) of a run of 1042. Lacking one folded leaf (of four pages) containing one watercolor and three drawings. Andre Dignimont (1891-1965) was a French painter, draftsman, decorator, and book illustrator, perhaps most famous as the last, having illustrated the works of Colette, P. Louys, Margaret Mitchell, and many others. Scarce even lacking the plate. OCLC and RLIN show only one copy and the BN, 3.

      [Bookseller: Kaaterskill Books, ABAA/ILAB]
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        CALDER. Signed

      New York: MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, 1943 A rare publication as the MOMA intended print run was curtailed due to war time restrictions of paper. A fine example in dustwrapper which has been gingerly restored. Warmly inscribed by Calder on the title page in blue fountain pen & dated 3 Feb 1952. Very Uncommon.. Signed by Author. 1st Edition. Illus. by Alexander Calder.

      [Bookseller: TBCL The Book Collector's Library]
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        Les Mouches. Drame en trois actes.

      (Paris), Gallimard, (1943). Bound with the original printed wrappers, also the backstrip, in a contemporary (no later than 1955) beautiful, very elegant grey half morocco binding with five raised bands and gilt title to spine (Gemet&Plumbelle). A beautiful, near mint copy.. The seminal first edition, presentation-copy for Claude Gallimard, one of 15 large paper copies, of Sartre's groundbreaking play, "The Flies", which constitutes his very first play as well as the only one he himself characterized as a "drama". The first edition appeared in 15 copies on pur fil and 525 regular copies. The 15 copies on pur fil are not numbered (presumably because the issue was so small and there were no other copies on fine paper made), but the back wrapper states ("EXEMPLAIRE SUR PUR FIL/ 60 francs"). "Gallimard, [1943]. 145 pages. 15 exemplaires pur fil et 525 exemplaires reliés Héliona dont l'achevé d'imprimer est de décembre 1942. Volume mis en vente en avril 1943." (Contat & Rybalka, p. 88).The magnificent presentation-inscription which reads as thus: "A Claude Gallimard/ en hommage amical de/ JPSartre" ("Gallimard" is vague, as someone (presumably Gallimard himself, or his family, when selling the copy) has tried to erase it, as is often done with identifiable names when trying to hide the provenance, but it is still fully legible) is for Sartre's publisher, Claude Gallimard (1914-1991), the son of Gaston Gallimard. Claude Gallimard worked in the family publishing company since 1937."The Flies" counts as Sartre's most important play as well as one of his most important works. It is a dramatical exposition of his central philosophical themes and a main exponent for his existentialism. As such it is also one of the most important plays of the 20th century. It is in 1943, with "The Flies" and with "l'Étre et le Néant" (same year) that Sartre's ideas become fully developed, and of the two, "The Flies" had, by far, the greatest impact on contemporary thought, philosophy, and literature. The work thus constitutes one of the most important and influential works of the period. Following its premiere (June 3rd 1943) in the "Théatre de la Cité" in Paris, the play was censored by the German military administration. Almost immediately after the war, the play was performed again, in Germany as well as in France. Contat & Rybalka: 43/35 (pp. 88-89)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Travels in Arabia Deserta. With an Introduction by T.E. Lawrence. New and definitive edition.

      London: Jonathan Cape (1943).. Two volumes, large 8vo, 674; 696 pp. Portrait frontispiece, 8 plates and 2 folding maps. Gilt titled buckram, d.w.'s with some light soiling, very good. "[I] have grown to consider it... a bible of its kind... The book has no date and can never grow old. It is the first and indispensable work upon the Arabs of the desert..." (from Lawrence's Introduction). New and Definitive edition, first published in this format to match Lawrence's Seven Pillars of Wisdom in 1936. First published 1888, and with Lawrence's introduction 1921.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        L'être et le néant. Essai d'ontologie phénoménologique.

      Paris, nrf, Librairie Gallimard, 1943. 8vo. Orig. printed wrappers, uncut. Traces of use. Spine darkened, and lacking small part of lower back. Wrappers a bit soiled. Minor tears to upper front hinge. Internally fine. Wrappers printed in red and blue. W. half-title. 722, (2) pp, 2ff. (one w. colophon).. The very rare first edition, first impression from "Bibliothèque des idées", printed on 25th of June 1943 ("Le vingt-cinq juin mil neuf cent quarante-trois" (colophon) ). With the printed dedication "au CASTOR" (i.e. for Simone de Beauvoir"). This, the first edition of Sartre's first and main philosophical work, which is one of the absolutely most important philosophical works of the 20th century, passed virtually unnoticed, as it appeared in the summer of 1943, which is why it is now extremely scarce. It didn't reach recognition till 1945, thus very few copies of the first edition have been preserved. "Achevé au debut de 1943, le livre parut en été et, étant donné les circonstances, passa à peu près inapercu. Il fallut attendre 1945, année aù la vogue soudaine de Sartre attira sur son oeuvre maîtresse une attention qu'aucun ouvrage philosophique n'avait connue précédemment, pour que les commenteurs s'en ampareut;" (Contat & Rybalka p. 86). Even though the work was hardly noticed when it first appeared, a few scholars acknowledged it as a great work of seminal character, importance and novelty; in 1964 Michel Tourier writes: "Un jour de l'automme 1943, un livre tomba sur nos tables: "L'Être et le Néant". Il y eut eu moment de stupeur, puis une longue rumination. L'oeuvre était massive, hirsute, débortante, encyclopédique, superbement technique..." (Les Nouvelles littéraires, 29 octobre 1964).Sartre is first and foremost known for his philosophical works, and as "L'être et le néant" ("Being and Nothingness") is generally accepted as his greatest and main work, this marks the beginning of 20th century existentialism, and furthermore "has also come to be regarded as a text-book of existentialism itself..." (Mary Warnock's Introduction to Hazel E. Barnes' translation). This, his seminal work of existentialism, marks one of the most influential philosophical movements of our age.Contat & Rybalka, Les Écrits de Sartre, 1970

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        American Decade: 68 Poems for the First Time in an Anthology

      Cummington Press Cummington, Massachusetts: Cummington Press. 1943. First. First edition. Partially unopened. Bottom of the front board bumped else near fine in fair only dustwrapper lacking about one-third of the spine. Important anthology with poems by Elizabeth Bishop, R.P. Blackmur, John Ciardi, Malcolm Cowley, E.E. Cummings, Kenneth Fearing, Robert Frost, Horace Gregory, Langston Hughes, Robinson Jeffers, Weldon Kees, Muriel Rukeyser, Carl Sandburg, Karl Jay Shapiro, Mark Van Doren, Wallace Stevens, William Carlos Williams, and others. One of 450 copies of the trade edition (of a total edition of 475). This copy is Signed by Wallace Stevens at the end of his entry in the text. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        LITTLE BLACK SAMBO

      1943. 1. BANNERMAN,HELEN. LITTLE BLACK SAMBO. NY: Duenewald (1943). 8vo, spiral backed pictorial boards, slight wear else near fine in chipped and slightly worn dust wrapper. A MOVEABLE SAMBO illustrated in color by JULIAN WEHR and featuring 6 really terrific moveable plates done in color. Nice copy, hard to find in the dw.

      [Bookseller: Aleph-Bet Books, Inc. ]
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        Faust

      Le Vasseur & Cie Paris: Le Vasseur & Cie, 1943. Paperback. Orig. printed stiff wrappers. Fine in slightly nicked slipcases. 2 vols./No Dust Jacket. Icart, Louis. 249 & 166 pages. 24 x 18 cm. Twenty-four tinted watercolors (aquarelles) by Louis Icart with two additional suites: one in color and one in black and white printed on Velin D'Arches paper in a Limited Edition, copy 265 of 400. Translation by Gerard de Nerval and printed by Draeger Freres. Another of many sterling book art publications printed in Paris during the German occupation. This copy a brilliant exemplar, printed in red and black, extremely clean and bright with cover glassine over wrappers almost as new.

      [Bookseller: Royoung bookseller, Inc. ]
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        Estampas Del Popol-Vuh

      Graphic Art Publications Editores  Folio (16 ¾ x 12 ¾ inches). Gray cloth over orange printed paper boards with black lettering and decoration to top cover. Light wear to tissue guards and boards with 1 ½? smudge to lower bottom board; all ties present.As issued, ten loose original color lithographs, each with tissue guard containing text in Spanish and English, from the Popol-Vuh. In addition to the title and justification pages, two pages, one in English and one in Spanish, tell the story of the Popol-Vuh. Written in the mid-16th century, the Popol-Vuh is an account of the gods, the creation of the universe, and the mythological history of the Maya Quiche civilization. Number 831 of 1,000 copies, signed by Merida, who was born in Guatemala in 1891 and died in Mexico in 1984. He studied in Europe, was heavily influenced by Cubism and worked with important artists in Mexico including Diego Rivera. While achieving international success, Merida never forgot his Mayan ancestry, which led him to the present work. Scarce. 

      [Bookseller: The Book Block ]
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        McSORLEY'S WONDERFUL SALOON

      Duell Sloan and Pearce New York:: Duell, Sloan and Pearce,. (1943).. 8vo. 8-1/4" x 5-5/8". 1st edition. [10], 253, [1 (blank)] pp.. Red cloth binding with black spine lettering. Dust jacket.. VG+/VG (bit of chipping to spine ends).. Opened in 1854, McSorely's Old Ale House is the oldest, continuously- operated Irish pub in New York City. As a measure of its 'traditionally minded' owners, the tavern was men-only until 1970, when the National Organization for Women won a legal suit, thereby gaining admission [if not welcome]. By the time I had a beer or two there in the late 70s, the female gender had become a vital ingredient to a congenial evening imbibing amid general convivality, though McSorleys had yet to make any concession in terms of facilities- there was one... if a lady wanted to use it, she took her chances... the memory of the subsequent clapping on her exit, all the while the waiter was bringing 14 mugs of beer to the table [sans tray], is as vivid today as if I had been there just last night. . Woodcut vignette to t.p.

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA ]
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        A Time to Be Born

      Constable London: Constable. (1943). First. First English edition. An ink stain at the bottom of the boards, which also have a bit of overall light soiling, a very good copy in fair only dustwrapper lacking the bottom inch of the spine, a corresponding ink stain, and with other small chips and tears. Although unsigned, Dawn Powell has made a small ink correction to the text of page three, amending a misspelled Latin phrase. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        GREMLINS

      1943. 2. DAHL,ROALD. GREMLINS. NY: Random House (1943). 4to (9 x 11 1/4"), cloth backed glazed pictorial boards, slight bit of rubbing else VG+. First edition. Illustrated with many fabulous full page color illustrations plus black & whites by the Disney studios. This is Dahl's first children's book done while he was a flight lieutenant in the RAF. It tells the tale of curious little creatures that plague pilots. Despite Dahl's British nationality, this was first published in the U.S., intended to accompany a Disney animated film that was never produced.

      [Bookseller: Aleph-Bet Books, Inc. ]
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        Pas paa Kornet. Snudebillerne kan drive Dem fra Hus og Hjem.

      Original farvelitograferet plakat udsendt af Kornskadedyrkomiteen og Statens Skadedyrlaboratorium, Strandvejen 740, Springforbi. Trykt hos Nornotryk A/S uden år [1943]. Ca. 100 x 62 cm. Signeret i trykket. Øverste højre hjørne ganske svagt krøllet.. Peter Michael Hornung: Plakatfuld. Side 92-93.Ualmindelig velholdt

      [Bookseller: Mandøes Antikvariat]
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        Les derniers 9 dessins de Sophie Taeuber-Arp. Précédés d'une lettre de Gabrielle Buffet-Picabia.

      8°, o. P. (14 Bl.), 9 Abb., OHLwd. m. Transparent-Umschlag in Schmuckschuber., Schuber min. beschienen, OU mit winzigem Verlust am Kopf, tadellos. EA. Ex. Nr. 15 der 50 Ex. auf «hollande special» (bei einer Gesamtauflage von 250 Ex.). 9 Taf. mit Werken von S. Taeuber-Arp (1889 - 1943). Gestaltung vermutlich von Max Bill.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Peter Petrej]
 20.   Check availability:     antiquariat.de     Link/Print  


        CINDERELLA AND HANSEL AND GRETEL

      1943. 1. (PEAT,FERN BISEL). CINDERELLA AND HANSEL AND GRETEL. Sandusky: American Crayon Co. (1943, Harter: 1931). There are two folio sized books, in Fine condition plus two complete color jigsaw puzzles, all in the original box. Each book has bold and brightly colored illustrations by FERN BISEL PEAT Quite a special item, scarce in complete condition with the box.

      [Bookseller: Aleph-Bet Books, Inc. ]
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        THE MASS EXTERMINATION of JEWS in OCCUPIED POLAND. Note addressed to the Governments of the United Nations on December 10th, 1942, and other documents.

      London, New York, Melbourne (printed in Great Britain), Published on behalf of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, (1943). 8vo. Stapled as issued. Title-page printed in red and black. A light shadow to top of title-page, otherwise fine and clean, no markings whatsoever. 16 pp.. The scarce first printing of this hugely important publication, which constitutes one of the very first official reports on Holocaust and one of the most accurate accounts that had been presented to the West, changing their knowledge of what was actually going on. It is made up of 1) Raczynski's account of the ongoing Holocaust, based among other reports, on the eye-witness-report by Jan Karski, a Polish Government emissary in occupied Poland, who bribed his way into a German concentration camp and witnessed the mass extermination of Jews, 2) the seminal "Joint Declaration" by members of the United Nations, in which "The above-mentioned Govenments and the French National Committee condemn in the strongest possible terms this bestial policy of cold-blooded extermination. They declare that such events can only strengthen the resolve of all free-loving peoples to overthrow the barbarous Hitlerite tyranny. They reaffirm their solems resolution to ensure that those responsible for these crimes shall not escape retribution, and to press on with the necessary practical measures to this end." (p. 12), 3) an extract of Deputy Prime Minister Mikolajczy's statement on behalf of the Polish Government, and 4) the text of Raczynski's broadcast of December 1942, in which pleaded for action, wishing to make the public and the Allied nations "understand how real is the tragedy which is taking place not so very far from the shores of this island, on the continet of Europe - on the soil of Poland. For more than three years the Germans have consistently done everything they could to hide from the eyes of the world the martyrdom of the Polish nation, the like of which has never been known in the history of humanity. But "when we would keep silence the very stones will cry out"." (p. 15). While the details were neither complete nor wholly accurate, the Allies were aware of most of what the Germans had done to the Jews at a relatively early date. The mass murder of the Jews was of such dimensions, however, that, at first, they could not believe the reports that reached them. This quickly changed, though. In February of 1942 Jacob Grojanowski, an escaped prisoner of the Chelmno extermination camp, provided the Oneg Shabbat group with detailed information about what went on at the Chelmno camp. His report became known as the Grojanowski Report. It was smuggled out of the Warsaw Ghetto via the Polish underground and reached London in June of 1942. It is not known exactly what happened to the report at that point, but by February of 1942, the United States Office of War Information had decided not to release information about the extermination of Jews (thinking that there was a risk of the public viewing the war as only being a Jewish problem). Thus, the Grojanowski Report was not released. By at least October of 1942 British radio had broadcast news of the gassing of Jews to the Netherlands, and in December 1942, the Western Allies released their Joint Declaration [which is printed in the present publication], describing and condemning in the strongest manner Hitler's violent attempts at exterminating the Jews of Europe.In 1942 Jan Karski (1914-2000), a Polish World War II resistance movement fighter and later professor at Georgetown University gave his first report to the Polish, British, and U.S. governments on what was going on in the German extermination camps in PolandIn 1942. Karski reported to the Polish government in exile (i.e. Raczynski, who was the Ambassador and one of its most prominent leaders) and the Western Allies on the situation in German-occupied Poland. Karski personally met with Franklin Roosevelt and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden to explain what went on in Poland, and Raczynski wrote up the report. Eventually, the American Government confirmed the reports to Jewish leaders in late November 1942, and shortly thereafter they were publicized [i.e. in the present publication]. Karski's report (through Raczynski) became one of the most important reports in the history of the Holocaust, being a major factor in informing the West. It sparked one of the first official publications from the Allies on the mass extermination of Jews in Poland and resulted in the official reports and condemnations from the Allied countries, i.e. the "Joint Declaration" [also published here]. "The purpose of this publication is to make public the contents of the Note of December 10th, 1942, addresses by the Polish Government to the Governments of the United Nations concerning the mass extermination of Jews in the Polish territories occupied by Germany, and also other documents treating on the same subject. [...] In the hope that the civilized worlds will draw the appropriate conclusions, the Polish Government desire to bring to the notice of the public, by means of the present White Paper, these renewed German efforts at mass extermination, with the employment of fresh horrifying methods." (From the Introductory Note, p. 3). "Most recent reports present a horrifying picture of the position to which the Jews in Poland have been reduced. The new methods of mass slaughter applied during the last few months confirm the fact that the German autorities aim with systematic deliberation at the total extermination of the Jewsih population of Poland and of the many thousands of Jewswhom the German authorities have deported to Poland from Western and Central European countries and from the German Reich itself.The Polish Government consider it their duty to bring to the knowledge of the governments of all civilized countries the following fully authentical information received from Poland during recent weeks, which indicates all too plainly the new methods of extermination adopted by the German authorities." (p. 4)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        [Screenplay]: Heaven Can Wait

      20th Century Fox (New York): 20th Century Fox. July 7, 1943. Continuity and Dialogue Script Taken from the Screen. Mimeographed sheets bradbound in blue stiff wrappers. About fine. Stamped "Received New York Legal Department Jul. 19 1943." Apparently prepared for the legal department to review, and dated just one month before the film was released. The Ernst Lubitsch-directed classic, highlighed by Raphaelson's witty script, featured Don Ameche as a would-be sinner not quite bad enough to get into Hell on his deathbed, and Gene Tierney as his long-suffering love. Both Lubitsch, cinematographer Edward Cronjager, and the film itself were nominated for Oscars. Very scarce. Ex-Carter Burden. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
 23.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        L'être et le néant. Essai d'ontologie phénoménologique.

      Paris, nrf, Librairie Gallimard, (1943). Lex8vo. Bound uncut with the original printed wrappers, also the backstrip (lightly mounted), in a magnificent elegant and artistic dark purple-brown morocco binding with author and title in gilt lettering and single gilt lines to spine, creating six compartments, five of which with grey and red exquisite calf inlays, in alternating stripes, creating 9 stripes in each compartment, mirroring each other. Exquisite marbled paper (brown, red, blue, purple tones) to boards, filling out most of the boards. Top edge gilt. Gilt super-ex-libris to inside of front board. Housed in a marbled paper slip-case (same paper as on boards) with purple-brown morocco edges. Binding signed to bottom of inside of front board: "C. et J-P. Miguet". A magnificent, clean and fresh copy. 722, (4, -Table + colophon).. Magnificent presentation-copy, for Henri-Georges Clouzot, of the very rare first edition, first impression from "Bibliothèque des idées", review-copy ("S.P." on title-page and back wrapper), printed on 25th of June 1943 ("Le vingt-cinq juin mil neuf cent quarante-trois" (colophon) ), with the printed dedication "au CASTOR" (i.e. for Simone de Beauvoir"). This, the first edition of Sartre's first and main philosophical work, which is one of the absolutely most important philosophical works of the 20th century, passed virtually unnoticed as it appeared in the summer of 1943 and is now very scarce. It didn't reach recognition until 1945, thus very few copies of the first edition have been preserved. "Achevé au debut de 1943, le livre parut en été et, étant donné les circonstances, passa à peu près inapercu. Il fallut attendre 1945, année aù la vogue soudaine de Sartre attira sur son oeuvre maîtresse une attention qu'aucun ouvrage philosophique n'avait connue précédemment, pour que les commenteurs s'en ampareut;" (Contat & Rybalka p. 86). Even though the work was hardly noticed when it first appeared, a few scholars acknowledged it as a great work of seminal character, importance and novelty; in 1964 Michel Tourier writes: "Un jour de l'automme 1943, un livre tomba sur nos tables: "L'Être et le Néant". Il y eut eu moment de stupeur, puis une longue rumination. L'oeuvre était massive, hirsute, débortante, encyclopédique, superbement technique..." (Les Nouvelles littéraires, 29 octobre 1964).Around 1943, when "L'être et le néant" appeared, Sartre was working together with Henri-Georges Clouzot. During this period they were working on a "scénario", which was supposed to be "an epic adaption" of Sartre's "Huis clos" ("No Exit" - first published in 1944). [See Contat&Rybalka p. 496].HENRI-GEORGES CLOUZOT (1907 -1977) was a famous French film director, screenwriter and producer. He is especially renowned for his thrillers (e.g. "The Wages of Fear" and "Les Diaboliques", which are critically recognized to be among the greatest films from the 1950'ies). Clouzot also directed documentary films, including The Mystery of Picasso, which was declared a national treasure by the government of France.Clouzot was an early fan of the cinema and, desiring a career as a writer, moved to Paris. He was later hired by producer Adolphe Osso to work in Berlin, writing French-language versions of German films. After being fired from German studios due to his friendship with Jewish producers, Clouzot returned to France, where he spent years bedridden after contracting tuberculosis. Upon recovering, Clouzot found work in Nazi occupied France as a screenwriter for the German-owned company Continental Films. At Continental, Clouzot wrote and directed films that were very popular in France. His second film Le Corbeau drew controversy over its harsh look at provincial France and Clouzot was fired from Continental before its release. As a result of his association with Continental, Clouzot was barred by the French government from filmmaking until 1947."Le Corbeau" was a film based on a true story, about a woman who sent poison pen letters in France in 1922. Clouzot was warned against making the film, as the topic was considered "dangerous". He did make the film, however, and "Le Corbeau" became a huge success in France (nearly 250.000 people saw it within the first months of its initial release). "Le Corbeau" was released in 1943 and generated great controversy. Both the right-wing Vichy regime, the left-wing Resistance press, and the Catholic Church opposed the film and condemned it. The Catholic Church considered the film "painful and hard, constantly morbid in its complexity". The Vichy press dubbed it the antithesis of the "Révolution nationale" and demanded it be banned due to its immoral values. The anti-Nazi resistance press considered it Nazi propaganda because of its negative portrayal of the French populace. Two days before the release of Le Corbeau, Continental films fired Clouzot.After the liberation of France, Clouzot was tried in court for collaborating with the Germans. For his sentence, Clouzot was forbidden from going on set of any film or from using a film camera for the rest of his life. Sartre was one of the first people to defend "Le Corbeau", and, being avidly against this severe ruling, sent Cluzot letters of support (as did e.g. Jean Cocteau, René Clair,After the ban was lifted, Clouzot reestablished his reputation and popularity in France during the late 1940s with successful films including Quai des Orfèvres. He was also widely acclaimed internationally for films such as "The Wages of Fear" and "Les Diaboliques", which both came to serve as source material for remakes decades later. Sartre is first and foremost known for his philosophical works, and as "L'être et le néant" ("Being and Nothingness") is generally accepted as his greatest and main work, this marks the beginning of 20th century existentialism, and furthermore "has also come to be regarded as a text-book of existentialism itself..." (Mary Warnock's Introduction to Hazel E. Barnes' translation). This, his seminal work of existentialism, marks one of the most influential philosophical movements of our age.Contat & Rybalka, Les Écrits de Sartre, 1970

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