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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1891

        Philosophie der Arithmetik. Psychologische und logische Untersuchungen. Erster Band (alles).

      Halle-Saale, C.E.M. Pfeffer (Robert Stricker), 1891. 8vo. Nice contemporary red half cloth with gilt title and gilt lines to spine. A very nice, clean, and fresh copy. XVI, 324 (last p. errata) pp.. The very rare first edition of Husserl's first major work, "The Philosophy of Arithmetic".Initially a student of mathematics, Husserl began attending Brentano's lectures on psychology and philosophy in Vienna and decided to devote himself primarily to philosophy. In 1887 he wrote "Über den Begriff der Zahl", on which his first proper scientific work which appeared four years later is based. In his "Philosophy of Arithmetic" he wishes to provide a sound foundation for mathematics by combining it with philosophy and psychology, here analyzing the psychological processes necessary for the concept of number, -a variant of the psychologism, he later came to criticize so severely. The book was met with instant positivity and received much warm praise, though one person criticized it to bits: Gottlob Frege. Frege who was one of the sharpest and most important logicians of the 19th century had shown that the sentences of arithmetic were analytical, and that arithmetic could be regarded as a branch of logic. He thus built the foundation of mathematical logistics. In spite of him being the chief logician of the 19th century, Frege was barely recognized in his lifetime, and he was barely read by his contemporaries. Husserl, however, did study him intensively, and we know for a fact that he knew all of Frege's works (at least until the year 1893), and it is likely that it was Frege who had inspired his interest in the relationship between the formalities of arithmetic and of logic. In this early work Husserl sharply attacks Frege and his anti-psychologism, and he sets out to define the natural numbers by counting with the methods of descriptive psychology (primarily Brentano's). It is to be noted, however, that the form of psychologism of logic and mathematics which he so sharply attacks in his logical investigations differs somewhat from the sort presented in his early work.The "Philosophy of Arithmetic" is also hugely interesting in the attempt to determine the philosophical development of the greatest philosopher of the very late 19th-20th century. He himself states that already before the work was published, he had changed his mind, and he had actually been in doubt as to psychologism from the very beginning. As opposed to what is frequently stated, Frege's attacks on Husserl's work is not fully justified, which Frege probably also recognized himself. Husserl actually does distinguish between subjective representation and objective representation, and objectivism is clearly stated in the "Philosophy of Arithmetic". Thus Husserl here actually, independent of Frege, reaches the same theory of sense and reference as him, and Frege also recognized this. Frege's attacks were probably to a large extent aimed at the current ideas of the foundations of arithmetics at the Berlin School of Weierstrass, but these differed from Husserl's point of view in a number of ways.Still, Husserl's notion of logic and mathematics must not be confused with Frege's; -for Frege Arithmetic can be derived from logic; for Husserl mathematics is the ontological correlate of logic, but the two cannot be reduced to one another. Husserl is now famous as the father of phenomenology, and he decisively influenced the likes of Heidegger, Sertre, Carnap, Merleau-Ponty, Levinas, Ricoeur, Derrida etc. etc

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Mémoires de Madame de Staal (Mademoiselle Delaunay).

      Paris: L.Conquet 1891. With illustr. by C. Delort. XXVIII + 392 pp. Limited to 600 copies. Bound with orig. wrappers and all edges gilt in nice full light aubergine-coloured leather, spine richly gilt, goldlines on boards and large inner ornamental border. The binding signed Wendling.. Copy no. 31 of 200 on papier du Japon et vélin Marais. With an extra suite of the illustrations in the text

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell's Antikvariat]
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        The flowers of japan and the art of floral arrangement [..] with illustrations by japanese artists. tokio, by the hakubunsha ginza, 1891.

      In-4° grande (cm. 35,6), brossura editoriale figurata a colori (lievi sciupii); pp. XII, 136, [2] con 14 tavole illustrative f.t. dipinte a mano, 40 tavole illustrative f.t. in nero, 26 illustrazioni n.t. in ottimo stato. Prima edizione di questo capolavoro che introdusse l'arte floreale giapponese in Occidente. L'architetto britannico Josiah Conder (1852-1920) lavorava e insegnava in Tokyo nell'era illuminata Meiji. Esemplare molto buono.

      [Bookseller: Gabriele Maspero Libri Antichi]
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        Across East African Glaciers. An Account of the First Ascent of Kilimanjaro.

      London: George Philip and Son, 1891.. First English edition. Large 8vo. xx, 404 pp. Recent tan half calf over marbled boards, spine with raised bands, blindstamped and gilt rules, red and green gilt lettered labels, gilt decoration to other panels, pale red edges. Chromolithograph frontispiece, twelve black and white lithographed plates, eight mounted photographs and three maps. Some trivial spotting towards front and rear of the volume, dark tinge to the edge of some of the plate leaves (not affecting the images), a very good copy. The work describes Hans Meyer's second and successful attempt to reach the highest of Kilimanjaro's three peaks, Kibo, in 1889. He had fallen short on a previous attempt two years earlier. Meyer, along with the Austrian mountaineer Ludwig Purtscheller, were the first Europeans known to have attained the summit.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        The Bermuda Pocket Almanack Guide and Directory

      Printed by Gregory V. Lee, Hamilton, Bermuda, 1891. 272pp + iv. Very fine in original repaired blue card covers. Rare.

      [Bookseller: Pennymead Books]
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        The Little Minister

      Cassell & Co London: Cassell & Co, 1891. First edition. Hardcover. Orig. brown cloth in custom half brown morocco and cloth fall-down box, each volume in a protective sleeve. Near fine. 3 vols./No Dust Jacket. 8vo, 19 x 13 cm. First book form edition. First published serially in "Good Words" magazine the same year, 1891. Considered Barrie's best work, one of several of his novels based in the fictional town of Thrums, modeled after Barrie's home village of Kirriemuir. Sixteen pages of adverts in volume I. Spines lettered in gilt, modest edge wear. Very attractive presentation in a custom box.

      [Bookseller: Royoung bookseller, Inc. ]
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        Arbeiter-Wuhnungen: Einzelhauser fur eine Familie und Doppelhauser fur zwei und vier Familien in farbiger Darstellung Privat-und Gemeindebauten. [Private and Community Buildings]. Serie IV

      Konrad Wittwer Berlin: Konrad Wittwer, 1891. Hardcover. Orig. three quarter brown morocco and board portfolio, spine stamped in gilt, three sets of cloth ties. Near fine./No Dust Jacket. No text. Folio, 41 x 31 cm. Sixty color lithograph plates printed recto only with black and white plans for each design -- one family, duplex and fourplex structures. -- luminous, quality lithographs in subtle tones. Kanter & Mohr, Buchhandling fur Architektur und Kunstgewerge label (Distributors) at title page and front cover, skillfully placed. OCLC notes two copies only. Plates clean and bright, slight front cover toning.

      [Bookseller: Royoung bookseller, Inc. ]
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        Records of the Family of Metcalfe, formerly of Nappa in Wensleydale.

      London: Fellows of the Society of Antiquaries of London, 1891 limited edition number 47/50 copies.. 8vo. lvi, 355pp, title-page device, multi-folding pedigree. Later half green calf gilt, raised bands, decorated compartments, spine lettered direct, matching green cloth sides, aeg. Very light spotting to ht; a very few inked amendments and corrections to preface in a small neat hand. * From the library of the distinguished Yorkshire author Marie Hartley with her initials to front-free-endpaper. Of legendary rarity; this is the first copy we have seen in 30 years of bookselling. ** Thomson p. 117. Not in BL.

      [Bookseller: John Turton]
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        [The Cambridge Shakespeare]. The Works of Shakespeare

      1891. A Finely Bound Set of ShakespeareSHAKESPEARE, William. WRIGHT, William Aldis (editor). [The Cambridge Shakespeare]. The Works of Shakespeare. London and New York: Macmillan and Co., 1891. Third edition (revised) of the Cambridge Shakespeare. Nine octavo volumes (8 3/8 x 5 5/8 inches; 213 x 144 mm.).Handsomely bound by Bayntun of Bath (stamp-signed on the verso of the front-free endpaper) ca. 1950, in three-quarter dark-green crushed levant morocco ruled in gilt, over green cloth boards. Spines panelled and lettered in gilt with four different gilt center tools, top edge gilt, marbled endpapers. A fine and immaculate set.“The Works of William Shakespeare (1863-6), edited by William George Clark, with at first W. Aldis Wright and later John Glover as collaborators, was published in nine volumes by Macmillan, but printed at the University Press, so that it became known as the Cambridge Shakespeare. This important edition was based on a ‘thorough collation of the four Folios and of all the Quarto editions of the separate plays, and of subsequent editions and commentaries’ (preface), so that in textual matters it constitutes a virtual variorum. Prefaces provide accounts of the early textual history of each of the works, and the volumes include the texts of first quartos of Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet, as well as the quartos relating to Henry V, The First Part of the Contention (2 Henry VI), and Richard Duke of York (3 Henry VI). Clark and Wright used the Cambridge edition as the basis for the influential one-volume Globe Shakespeare. Both the Cambridge and the Globe editions were revised in 1891” (The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare).

      [Bookseller: David Brass Rare Books, Inc. ]
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        Zur Auffasung der Aphasien

      Franz Deuticke Leipzig: Franz Deuticke, 1891. No Dust Jacket. Freud's Rare First Book Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939). Zur Auffasung der Aphasien. 8vo. [4] 107 [1]pp. Leipzig & Vienna: Deuticke, 1891. Modern cloth. Light browning, small ink & perforated library stamps on title, but very good. Library bookplate. First Edition. Freud's treatise on aphasia, his first book, was little known or appreciated by contemporary neurologists, but Freud always regarded it as the most significant of his neurological writings. Freud was the first to criticize the foundations of the Wernicke-Lichtheim theory of aphasia, which held that losses of function in aphasia were caused by lesions to anatomically circumscribed centers corresponding to the various functions in language. Freud demonstrated that this concept led to localization schemes of labyrinthine complexity and did not fit with specific case studies; it was thus necessary to assume that the cerebral areas involved in language were less circumscribed. Grinstein 2. Norman F15.

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com ]
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        Die physiologie der facettierten Augen von Krebsen und Insecten. Inscribed by the author

      Deuticke Leipzig & Vienna: Deuticke, 1891. No Dust Jacket. Exner, Sigmund (1846-1926). Die physiologie der facettierten Augen von Krebsen und Insecten. 8vo. viii, 206pp. Microphotographic frontispiece, 7 chromolithographed plates, text figures. Leipzig & Vienna: Franz Deuticke, 1891. Blue cloth c. 1891, spine faded. 249 x 170 mm. Very good copy, inscribed by the author on the title: "Dem Freunde u. Collegen J. Gad mit schonnen Grussen, d. Verf." First Edition. Exner's work contains the classic formulation of the mosaic theory of insect vision; his conclusions dominated the field for over seventy years. "Few if any works have ever made more impression on the subsequent 75 years of a special topic than Exner's Die physiologie der facettierten Augen von Krebsen und Insecten (Smith, Mittler & Smith, eds., History of Entomology, p. 195). Exner, professor of physiology at the University of Vienna, identified the superficial tangential fibers of the molecular layer of the cerebral cortex ("Exner's plexus"; see G-M 1413); he also was the first to say that there are specialized micro-circuits in the periphery of our vision for detecting movement. The frontispiece of the present work is a microphotograph of a retinal image in the eye of Lampyris spldl. (a species of glow-worm). BM (Nat. hist.) VI, p. 310. Smith, Mittler & Smith, pp. 195, 212.

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com ]
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        Works of Imbert de Saint-Amand

      Scribner's New York: Scribner's, 1891. hardcover. near fine. Frontispiece, translated by Thomas Sergeant Perry. 15 volumes, 3/4 blue morocco, small 8vo, gilt-decorated spine with raised bands, top edge gilt. New York: Scribner's, 1891. Near fine.

      [Bookseller: Argosy Book Store ]
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        [North Western India, Kashmir and Environs].

      [1891-5].. Oblong folio, measuring 39 x 53 cm. Original black full morocco, spine rebacked, single gilt rules to edges of boards, all edges gilt. 116 albumen photographs of India, various sizes: 84 are full plate (c. 21 x 25 cm); the remainder smaller, including 11 of polo (15 x 20 cm), three panoramic studies of Himalayan Kashmir by Bourne (10 x 19 cm), and three panoramic group portraits with the Maharajah of Dhar. There are an additional 36 photographs collected on the voyage out in 1890 and the return voyage home in 1895: souvenirs of Gibraltar, Pompei, Egypt and Strasbourg. All images have ink captions and are usually dated, often mounted on the recto and verso of 32 card sheets. The tones vary but are generally dark sepia with minor yellowing, with some cracking, tears or fading to roughly 20 images. An unusually large and varied collection assembled by a military veterinarian with the 1st Squadron of the 18th Hussars. The photographs include: views of cantonments, studies of thoroughbred horses, group portraits of colleagues and officers, the polo team, Mess trophies, a "Panther I shot 4 miles from Mhow" and other game, servants and bungalow, "Remains of a murdered sweeper boy", the Elephant Battery, the Bazaar during the Mohurran festival at Mhow, the Indore State railway, a visit to the Maharajah of Dhar, several Regimental camps and march pasts at Ambala and Aligarh, a group portrait of the School of Musketry, Deolali, studies of Native Infantry, Meerut Grand Review in front of Lord Roberts and a group showing the Simla Veterinary School. The professionally taken photographs include: views of Kashmir by Samuel Bourne; views of Lahore by William Burke; studies of Delhi including four of the Kitab Minar; images of military groups by Townsend; several images attributed to the important pioneering Indian photographer Raja Deen Dayal - namely views of Mhow and environs such as the waterfalls at Takel Pani, near Indore, the Maharajah's Palace in Indore and 3 group portraits with the Maharajah and Aligarh Camp and Staff.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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