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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1770

        Systeme de la nature ou des loix du monde physique & du monde moral. Par M. Mirabaud

      London (d. i. Amsterdam, Rey), 1770.. 2 Bände. 6 Bll., 366 S.; 3 Bll., 408 S. Lederbände d. Zt. mit Rückenverg. und Deckelfileten.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Dell'architettura. dialogi... in milano, nella stamperia marelliana, 1770.

      Cm. 27,5, pp. (8) 92. Ritratto dell'autore all'antiporta, vignetta xilorafica al frontespizio e 5 tavole incise in rame e ripiegate fuori testo (tre delle quali riguardano la chiesa parrocchiale di Seregno). Leg. coeva in cart. marmorizzato. Esemplare privo del dorso e con lievi segni d'uso, peraltro genuino e particolarmente marginoso (in barbe) stampato su carta forte ed in ottimo stato di conservazione. Edizione originale ed unica di questo trattato in cui l'illuminista Pini (1739-1825) ci propone in forma di dialogo alcune riflessioni in tema d'architettura civile e militare. Cfr. Cicognara 611.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Northern Antiquities: or a Description of the Manners, Customs, Religion and Laws of the Ancient Danes, and other Northern Nations; Including those of Our own Saxon Ancestors. With a Translation of the Edda, or System of Runic Mythology, and Other Pieces, from the Ancient Islandic Tongue. In two volumes. Translated from Mons. Mallet`s Introduction a l` Histoire de Dannemarc, &c. With Additional Notes by the English Translator and Gorason`s Latin Version of the Edda. Vol. I-II.

      London, Printed for T. Carnan and Co, 1770. LVI + 415 + XL + 356 s. Samt. helskinnbd. Ryggene fornyet. Noen sider svakt brunplettet

      [Bookseller: Ruuds Antikvariat]
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        Journal de la cour de Louis XIV, depuis 1684, jusqu'à 1715;

      Avec des Notes intéressantes, &c. &c. &c. Londres 1770. (2),174 pp. Uncut in the original marbled paper wrappers with printed ads on the insides. Spine worn with cracks. 21 x 14 cm.. First edition of Marquis de Dangeaus journal, published by Voltaire

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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        Plantae cryptogamicae florae Gottingensis. Collegit et descripsit D. Fridericus Guilielmus Weis.

      Göttingen, Abr. Vandenhoeck, 1770. Title page with engraved vignette + (4) + XII + 333 + (1) p. + 1 hand coloured engraved plate. Somewhat later paper binding with red edges. 19,5 X 12 cm. Label with name on the interior of the front board (Baron Felix Thümen). Owner´s signature on the blank page verso (Rolf Santesson). Stamp over engraved vignette on the title page (Professor Dr Chr. Luerssen Königsberg).Very clean interior

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Röda Rummet AB]
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        Systême de la Nature. Ou Des Loix du Monde Physique & du Monde Moral. 2 Parties.

      London [recte: Amsterdam, M.M. Rey], 1770. 8vo. Bound in two beautiful contemporary uniform full mottled calf bindings w. 5 raised bands to richly gilt back; title- and tome-labels in red and green. Crcak to front- and back-hinges at top and bottom, but still tight. A bit of wear w. minor loss to capitals. Internally fresh, fine and clean with only a few brownspotted leaves. Ex libris to inside of front boards: Bibliothêque de Me Le Cte Frédéric de Pourtales. (12), 370; (4), 412 pp.. The rare first edition, first issue, of d'Holbach's main work, the main work of materialism, and one of the most important works of natural philosophy. D'Holbach (1723-1789), who was raised by a wealthy uncle, whom he inherited, together with his title of Baron, in 1753, maintained one of the most famous salons in Paris. This salon became the social and intellectual centre for the Encyclopédie, which was edited by Diderot and d'Alembert, whom he became closely connected with. D'Holbach himself also contributed decisively to the Encyclopédie, with at least 400 signed contributions, and probably as many unsigned, between 1752 and 1765. The "Côterie holbachique" or "the café of Europe", as the salon was known, attracted the most brilliant scientists, philosophers, writers and artists of the time (e.g. Diderot, d'Alembert, Helvetius, Voltaire, Hume, Sterne etc, etc.), and it became one of the most important gathering-places for the exchange of philosophical, scientific and political views under the "ancient régime". Apart from developing several foundational theories of seminal scientific and philosophical value, D'Holbach became known as one of the most skilled propagators and popularizers of scientific and philosophical ideas, promoting scientific progress and spreading philosophical ideas in a new and highly effective manner. D'Holbach was himself the most audacious philosophe of this circle. During the 1760's he caused numerous anticlerical tracts (written in large, but not entirely, by himself) to be clandestinely printed abroad and illegally circulated in France. His philosophical masterpiece, the "Système de la nature, ou des lois du monde physique et du monde moral", a methodological and intransigent affirmation of materialism and atheism, appeared anonymously in 1770." (D.S.B. VI:468).As the theories of his main work were at least as anticlerical and unaccepted as those of his smaller tracts, and on top of that so well presented and so convincing, it would have been dangerous for him to print the "Système de la Nature" under his own name, and even under the name of the city or printer. Thus, the work appeared pseudonomously under the name of the secretary of the Académie Francaise, J.B. Mirabaud, who had died 10 years earlier, and under a fictive place of printing, namely London instead of Amsterdam. "He could not publish safely under his own name, but had the ingenious idea of using the names of recently dead French authors. Thus, in 1770, his most famous book, "The System of Nature", appeared under the name Jean-Baptiste Mirabaud." (PMM 215).In his main work, the monumental "Système de la Nature", d'Holbach presented that which was to become one of the most influential philosophical theories of the time, combined with and based on a complex of advanced scientific thought. In the present work he postulated materialism, and that on the basis of science and empiricism, on the basis of his elaborate picture of the universe as a self-created and self-creating entity that is constituted by material elements that each possess specific energies. He concludes, on the basis of empiricism and the positive truths that the science of his time had attained, that ideas such as God, immortality, creation etc. must be either contradictory or futile, and as such, his materialism naturally also propounded atheism, and his theory of the universe showed that nature is the product of matter (eternally in motion and arranged in accordance with mechanical laws), and that reality is nothing but nature.The work had a sensational impact. For the first time, philosophical materialism is presented in an actual system, a fact which became essential to the influence and spreading of this atheistic scientific-philosophical strand. D'Holbach had created a work that dared unite the essence of all the essential material of the English and French Enlightenment and incorporate it into a closed materialistic system; and on the basis of a completely materialistic and atheistic foundation, he provided the modern world with a moral and ethic philosophy. The effects of the work were tremendous, and the consequences of its success were immeasurable, thus, already in the year of its publication, the work was condemned to burning by the Parisian parliament, making the first edition of the work a great scarcity. In spite of its condemnation, and in spite of the reluctance of contemporary writers to acknowledge the work as dangerous (as Goethe said in "Dichtung und Wahrheit": "Wir begriffen nicht, wie ein solches Buch gefährlich sein könnte. Es kam uns so grau, so todtenhaft vor"), the "Systême de la Nature" and d'Holbach's materialism continued its influence on philosophic, political and scientific thought. In fact, it was this materialism that for Marx became the social basis of communism."In the "Système" Holbach rejected the Cartesian mind-body dualism and attempted to explain all phenomena, physical and mental, in terms of matter in motion. He derived the moral and intellectual faculties from man's sensibility to impressions made by the external world, and saw human actions as entirely determined by pleasure and pain. He continued his direct attack on religion by attempting to show that it derived entirely from habit and custom. But the Systeme was not a negative or destructive book: Holbach rejected religion because he saw it as a wholly harmful influence, and he tried to supply a more desirable alternative. "(Printing and the Mind of Man, 215)."In keeping with such a naturalistic conception of tings, d'Holbach outlined an anticreationalist cosmology and a nondiluvian geology. He proposed a transformistic hypothesis regarding the origins of the animal species, including man, and described the successive changes, or new emergences, of organic beings as a function of ecology, that is, of the geological transformation of the earth itself and of its life-sustaining environment. While all this remained admittedly on the level of vague conjecture, the relative originality and long-term promise of such a hypothesis -which had previously been broached only by maillet, Maupertuis, and Diderot- were of genuine importance to the history of science. Furthermore, inasmuch as the principles of d'Holbach's mechanistic philosophy ruled out any fundamental distinction between living an nonliving aggregates of matter, his biology took basic issue with both the animism and the vitalism current among his contemporaries...This closely knit scheme of theories and hypotheses served not merely to liberate eighteenth-century science from various theological and metaphysical empediments, but it also anticipated several of the major directions in which more than one science was later to evolve. Notwithstanding suchprecursors as Hobbes, La Mttrie, and Diderot, d'Holbach was perhaps the first to argue unequivocally and uncompromisingly that the only philosophical attitude consistent with modern science must be at once naturalistic and antisupernatural." (D.S.B. VI:469)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        COMMENTARIES ON THE LAWS OF ENGLAND. In Four Books. By William Blackstone, Esq. Solicitor General to Her Majesty. The Fourth edition.

      Four volumes. Folding Tables and one other plate in volume II. Quarto. Original calf expertly and finely re-backed by Charles Gledhill with red title labels to the spines. Ownership signature of S. Blachall to all front fixed endpapers. Some ink spotting to fore-edges; some spotting and water-staining to first four leaves to the outer margins of volume two; occasional light spotting in other volumes; else a very handsome set.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Les Baisers, précédés du mois de mai, poëme.

      The Hague: Lambert & Delalain 1770. With engraved frontispiece, 1 plate & 44 vignette head- and tailpieces after Charles Eisen. Titlepage printed in red and black and with engraved vignette, poem titles printed in red. 119 pp. Copy on large papier Hollande bound in contemporary half calf, spine richly gilt. Binding nicely restored at upper hinges, with minor weak stains. Contemporary notes on first free endpaper.. First edition, 1st printing, with irregular pagination in the poem "Le mois de Moi". Eisen was a master rococo book illustrator, especially known for his erotic depiction of women.Cohen 308. Sander 495

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell's Antikvariat]
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        Afhandling om brott och straff.

      Öfwersättning. Sthlm, Wennberg och Nordström, 1770. 8:o. Grav. titelblad,(8),238,(2) s. Samtida hfrbd med upphöjda bind, sparsamt guldornerad rygg, ljusbrun titeletikett och stänkta snitt. Ryggen ngt blekt och övre pärmhörnen lite stukade. Författarnamnet skrivet med anilinpenna upptill på titelbladet. Bra inlaga med endast sporadiska småfläckar. Övre hörnet på s. 177 felskuret. Från Ericsberg.. Översatt av rättshistorikern m.m. Johan Henrik Hochschild (1711-1776). Cesare Beccaria (1738-94) var bara 26 år när han 1764 publicerade detta sitt viktigaste arbete, "Dei delitti e delle pene". Inspirerad av upplysningens tankar propagerar Beccaria bl.a. för att straffet måste sättas i relation till den skada som brottet förorsakat samhället. Enligt Beccaria är det viktigare att förhindra än att bestraffa brott och han vänder sig mot tortyr, hemliga domstolar och dödsstraff. Trots sitt radikala och stundom revolutionerande innehåll blev arbetet en stor succé och utkom i sex upplagor de första två åren. "Dei delitti e delle pene" översattes flitigt och påverkade bl.a. Katarina II och de nya franska och nordamerikanska konstitutionerna. Den inspirerade även Gustav III till de straffrättsliga reformer som genomfördes i Sverige under 1770-talet, då bl.a. tortyr förbjöds. Arbetets tendens avspeglar sig även i titelvinjetten där Justitia vänder sitt huvud bort från de avhuggna huvuden som bödeln visar upp för henne

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Afhandling om brott och straff. Öfwersättning.

      Stockholm; Tryckt hos Wennberg och Nordström, 1770. Original title: Dei Delitti e delle Pene (1764). 8:o. Engraved title + (8), 238, (2) pp. Bound together with: [Dragonetti, Giacinto] Afhandling, om dygder och belöningar, följande på afhandlingen om brott och straff. Öfwersättning. Original title: Delle virtù e dei premi... [1766]. 8:o. (11, 1 blank), 68 pp. Contemporary half calf with 5 raised bands, marbled boards and sprinkled edges. The spine slightly rubbed and with a small crack in lower front joint, corners very slightly worn. Lacks the front free endpaper. 3 pages with a small mark in outer margin in the first work. ''NB'' written by an early owner in outer margin of 6 pages in the second work, and 1 page with underlinings. Old purchase note on rear paste-down. A very clean and handsome copy of the first Swedish edition of Beccaria's On Crimes and Punishments, and of his disciple Dragonetti's treatise. Both of them translated by Joh. Henr. Hochschild. Bygdén I:16. This important work of the Italian Enlightenment aimed at reforming the criminal law system by adopting rational principles, and is among the first to argue against the death penalty. A milestone in the field of criminology

      [Bookseller: Patrik Andersson Antikvariat]
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        Utkast, om det allmänna upfostrings-verket, öfverlämnadt til hans kongl.

      höghets kron-prinsens och den höglofl. kongl. Upfostrings commissionens nådigste och höggunstiga pröfning. Sthlm, L. Salvius, 1770. 8:o. 206,(3) s. Med en inklistrad grav. titelvinjett. + (ROUSTAN, ANTOINE JACQUES) Svar, på den af Vetenskaps-sällskapet i Bern förestälte fråga: hvilka medel kunna förbättra et fördärfvat folk, och hvilken är den fullkomligaste plan en lag-stiftare i sådan afsigt bör följa? Sthlm, J. G. Lange, 1768. 8:o. 56 s. + SCHÖNBERG, ANDERS. Utkast om grunderna i allmänhet, til näringars upkomst och förfall, uti borgeliga samhällen; upläst til et inträdes-tal, uti kongl. Vetensk. academien, den 1 julii 1767. Sthlm, L. Salvius, 1767. 8:o. 126,(2 blanka) s. Med grav. titelvinjett. + KRYGER, JOHAN FREDRIC. Tal om folkbristens orsaker, verkan och hjelp; hållit för kongl. Vetenskaps academien vid præsidii nedläggande den 10 maji, år 1758. Sthlm, L. Salvius, 1758. 8:o. (2),41 s. Med grav. titelvinjett. + KRYGER, JOH. FREDRIC. Svar på den, af kongl. Vetenskaps academien, för sistledit år 1763, framstälde frågan: Hvad kan vara orsaken, at sådan myckenhet svenskt folk årligen flytter ur landet? Och genom hvilka författningar kan det bäst förekommas? Sthlm, L. Salvius, 1764. 8:o. 47 s. + SCHÖNBERG, ANDERS. Svar, på den af kongl Vetensk. academien, för år 1763 framstälde frågan: Hvad kan vara orsaken, at sådan myckenhet svenskt folk årligen flyttar ur landet? Och genom hvilka författningar kan det bäst förekommas? Sthlm, L. Salvius, 1764. 8:o. 94,(2 blanka) s. + KRYGER, JOHAN FREDRIC. Tal om lagarnas och sedernas verkan på borgerliga näringar; hållit för kongl. Vetensk. academien, vid præsidii nedläggande, den 14 october 1767. Sthlm, L. Salvius, 1767. 8:o. 36 s. Med grav. titelvinjett. Samtida nött och ngt fläckigt hfrbd med upphöjda bind och ljusbrun titeletikett med texten: "Polit: oeconomiska arbeten". Stänkta snitt. Ryggen med skada överst. Genomgående med spridda småfläckar och små fuktränder i marginalerna. Andra arbetet med liten reva på s. 47 och lagad reva på s. 56. Trevligt samlingsband med Samuel Johan Chierlins namnteckning.. Roustans arbete översattes av J. L. Odhelius. Krygers svar finns i variant med punkt efter "förekommas" i titeln. Schönbergs "Utkast, om det allmänna upfostrings-verket" behandlar bl.a. tillsättningen och undervisningen av framtida ämbetsmän. Han ansåg, helt i linje med mösspartiets uppfattning, att unga adelsmän skulle sättas i samma skolor som unga karriärister från borgarklassen. Diskussionen om börd och befordran var en de absolut viktigaste under 1770. Frågan om påstådd utvandring ur landet diskuterades flitigt inte minst i Vetenskapsakademien men avstannade snöpligt när siffror från Tabellverket visade att det inte stämde med verkligheten. Samuel Johan Chierlin (1742-1828) var i Kommerskollegiets tjänst från 1763 och utnämndes till kommerseråd 1805

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Vollständiges Kräuter-Buch und Künstliche Contrefeyungen der Bäumen, Stauden, Hecken, Kräutern, Geträyde, Gewürtzen... samt... Kunst zu destilliren... Bauung der Gärten, und Pflanzung der Bäumen.. Anjetzo aber mit einer Zugabe begleitet.... v. Balthasar Ehrhart. 2 Teile in 1 Bd.

      Folio. Mit zahlreichen Holzschnitten. 4 Bl., 566 S., 1 Bl., S. 571-750, 12 Bl; 4 Bl., 136 S. Neueres Hldr., papierbezog. Holzdeckel. Nissen, BBI 1228. - Die Holzschnitte in kräftigen Abdrucken. - Sehr gut erhalten.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Düwal]
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        Remarkable News from the Stars, or an Ephemeris... The Gentleman's Diary, or the Mathematical Repository... The Ladies' Diary: or Woman's Almanack... MOORE, Francis. Vox Stellarum: or, a Loyal Alamanack... PARTRIDGE, John. Merlinus Liberatus. Parker's Ephemeris... The Coelestial Diary: or an Ephemeris... Poor Robin. An Almanack... SAUNDERS, Richard. The English Apollo; or Useful Companion... SEASON, Henry. Speculum Anni: or Season on the Seasons... WING, Tycho. [Greek title] Olympia Domata, or an Almanack... WHITE, Robert. [Greek title] Atlas Ouranious. The Cœlestial Atlas; or, A new Ephemeris...

      London: Printed for the Company of Stationers 1770.. Twelve works bound in one volume, 8vo, 48 pp each, with the final gathering of the Gentleman's Diary bound in the middle of the Ladies' Diary. Titles and various other parts - tables, etc - printed in red and black, plus diagrams and charts in the text, marbled endpapers, one leaf with slight loss affecting the text, another leaf with a closed tear. Contemporary red morocco, gilt borders and a central lozenge, rebacked to style with further gilt decoration. A splendid array of individually scarce works, each approaching the basic function of an almanac from a different angle, from the social to the scientific and including a good deal of useful astronomical information.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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