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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1771

        RUSSO-TURKISH WARS: BATTLE OF CHESMA, TURKEY & LEMNOS, GREECE (1770): PLAN DES SCHLOSSES LEMNOS, WELCHES D.4. 8BR. 1770. CAPITULIRTE / PLAN DU CHATEAU DES LEMNOS, QUI CAPITULA CE 4. 8BR. 1770. / BESCHREIBUNG WELCHE DIE ATTAQUE DER RUSSISCHEN MIT DER TÜRKI

      Augsburg, . 1771 - Copper engraving with original hand colour (Very good, excellent original colour and strong engraving impression, a tiny tear in the fold) 62 x 53 cm (24.4 x 20.9 inches). A rare broadside map depicting the Battle of Chesma in Turkey and Lemnos in Greece (1770), fought during the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774. - This rare and highly attractive separately-issued maps with stunning original colour were printed on one sheet and were originally meant to be separated.The upper map shows the surrender of Myrina (Kastro) on the Greek island Lemnos on Ocrober 4 1770. The In city was besieged for 60 days by Count Orlov during the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774. When the fortress surrendered, the Ottoman fleet attacked the Russian vessels in Mudros Bay and forced the Russians to withdraw on October 24.The lower map depicts the action of the Battle of Chesma (Çe?me, 1770), a momentous victory by the Russian Navy over the maritime forces of the Ottoman Empire. The battle marked a turning point in that it hailed the fall of Turkish maritime hegemony over the Aegean and the Black seas and the rise of the Russia as an international naval power. The battle was one of the two greatest events of the Russo-Turkish War of 1768 – 1774, a critical conflict that gave Russia control of the Crimea and parts of the Caucuses.The Battle of Chesma and Lemnos occurred within the context of the Russo-Turkish War of 1768 - 1774. The war was the latest in a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and Russia, which revolved around control of what is now the Ukraine.The last major contest between the Ottomans and Russia was the indecisive Russo-Turkish War of 1736-9, during which the Russians captured much of the Crimea and southern Ukraine, but inevitably failed to hold the territory due to inadequate supply lines. The present war was seen as something of a rematch of this earlier conflict. When Turkey and Russia went to war in 1768, on paper the Turkish side seemed to be the stronger party. Russia had been drained by its unsuccessful role in the Seven Years’ War (1756-63) and her ruler, Catherine the Great (reigned 1762-1796), was considered to be untested in major foreign conflicts. Russia’s Navy was small and poorly equipped and it would seem that Russia was destined to suffer the same sort of logistical breakdown that doomed her earlier campaigns against the Turks. On the other side, Turkey had much larger land and naval forces, all of which very much in tact since the Ottomans had not fought a major foreign war since 1747. However, the Russians had recently recruited Dutch and British veteran officers to advise her navy, including Captain Jan Hendrik van Kinsbergen (who in 1773 conducted the first scientific mapping of the Crimea) and Admiral John Elphinstone (Orlov’s second-in-command at Chesma). These advisors introduced groundbreaking battle tactics and training procedures that were light-years ahead of anything seen around the Black and Aegean seas. Moreover, the Russian generals took the lessons of the previous war to heart and paid much more attention to their supply lines.While not recognized at the beginning of the war, the two decades of peace had ensured that the Turkish army and navy were atrophied, inexperienced and over-confident. Also, Istanbul had not invested enough in new technology, giving the Russians an edge in this respect for the first time. Moreover, the Ottoman Grand Vizier Mehmed Emin Pasha proved to be an almost comically incompetent military leader.While the result of the Battle of Chesma ensured Russian naval dominance, the Russians also enjoyed great success with regards to their territorial campaigns. They surged into the Southern Ukraine, Crimea and Moldavia and inflicted a crushing defeat on the main Turkish army at the Battle of Kagul on August 1, 1770. Making matters worse for the Ottomans, they were facing attacks from Persia to their east, as well as internal rebellions, most notably in Syria and Greece (the lat

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
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        Recueil de 80 pièces circa pendant l'année 1771, année mouvementée ou les premiers remous de la Révolution Française s'annoncent une trentaine d'années auparavant

      1771 - Très fort in-8° relié plein veau de l'époque. 21 janvier : exil du parlement de Paris. Les parlements, qui s'étaient opposés aux édits royaux, sont réorganisés et perdent leurs prérogatives politiques : devant leur résistance aux réformes financières de l'abbé Terray, Maupeou condamne l'unité de corps des parlements, puis, devant leur refus de se soumettre à l'autorité royale, il ordonne la reprise des activités parlementaires par l'envoi de mousquetaires au domicile des magistrats (nuit du 19 au 20 janvier), exile et confisque les charges aux parlementaires qui refusent - 18 février : remontrances de la Cour des Aides contre la levée de nouveaux impôts, contre la réforme Maupeou et contre les abus du pouvoir royal, rédigées par le premier président Malesherbes. Les cours souveraines y sont dépeintes comme des institutions substituables aux défunts États généraux, jadis investis de la représentation nationale. Maupeou procède à sa dissolution. - 23 février : édit réorganisant la justice. Malgré les protestations des anciens parlementaires et de l'aristocratie, la réforme est maintenue jusqu'à la mort de Louis XV - 22 mars : la Cour des aides rend un arrêt pour défendre aux officiers de son ressort de reconnaître le Parlement intérimaire et dénie la qualité de magistrats aux membres des « prétendus conseils supérieurs ». Le Conseil d'État du roi qualifie cet arrêt comme attentatoire à l'autorité royale et contraire au respect qui était dû au souverain. Il fait défense à la Cour des aides de prendre de tels arrêts et de former de tels arrêtés à l'avenir. - 27 mars : Malesherbes, accompagné des présidents de Boisgibault et Cordier de Montreuil et du greffier Dutrequin se rendent à Versailles pour apporter le registre de la Cour des Aides au roi - Il se forme autour de Malesherbes un mouvement d'opposition au despotisme, la coalition des « patriotes », qui soutiennent la thèse parlementaire contre la thèse royale. Issus de la noblesse (d'Aubuisson, Brancas), magistrats (Malesherbes, Augeard), ecclésiastiques (Mey), avocats (André Blonde, Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, Target et les extrémistes Jacques Martin de Marivaux, Morizot et Saige), journalistes (Pidansat de Mairobert), ils incarnent le segment majoritaire de l'opinion publique, qui s'est imposé avec l'essor du journalisme, de la population urbaine, des classes instruites et du secteur administratif et judiciaire. Ils prennent le relais des jansénistes, mais ont des liens avec les philosophes et réfléchissent à la mise en oeuvre d'une nouvelle « constitution » française, inspirée du Contrat social de Rousseau et basée sur le respect de la loi, qui doit être supérieure au Prince et égale pour tous. Ils sont partisans d'une représentation nationale par les États généraux, et à défaut par le Parlement et revendiquent la liberté de conscience, la liberté de presse, la liberté personnelle contre les lettres de cachet, la liberté de propriété, la liberté nationale.Outre les royalistes (pro-Maupeou) et les patriotes (pro-parlementaire), une troisième voix, radicale, est celle des philosophes mûrissant ou plus jeunes. Les plus modérés sont Necker, Galiani ou Turgot, qui se contenteraient d'un absolutisme tempéré, à l'abri de l'arbitraire. La plupart voient plus loin (Diderot, d'Alembert, Helvétius, d'Holbach, Mably, Condorcet, Raynal, Grimm, Madame d'Epinay, Mirabeau) et invoquent contre le despotisme triomphant les Lumières et la loi naturelle. Ils envisagent la liberté comme une fin en soi (Diderot) ou un accès à la justice, la vertu ou le bonheur. Ils souhaitent la tolérance religieuse mais n'excluent pas d'en finir avec l'Église catholique. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: PRISCA]
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        Catalogue des Tableaux, Gouaches, Desseins en feuilles & sous verre, Estampes de toutes les Ecoles, Livres d'Estampes & autres Curiosités. Du Cabinet de M***?

      - viii, 178, 11 pp. of sale schedule. Small 8vo, cont. mottled calf (expertly rebacked, title with short tear to blank outer margin), spine gilt, red morocco lettering piece on spine. Paris: Prault, 1771. An uncommon sale catalogue with an important collection of illustrated books. Huquier (1695-1772), a leading engraver and publisher of his time, not only earned commissions from Watteau, Gillot, and Meissonnier, but also executed numerous works in the realms of interior decoration and architecture for Jacques de la Joue and Charles Parrocel. During his illustrious career, he produced 970 works, including 362 designs for Watteau, which earned him "a funeral conducted with much pomp and attended by an array of clergy who sung a mass in his honor."-Benezit, Vol. 7, pp. 471-72. 1518 lots, including 73 paintings and framed drawings, 215 drawings on paper, many lots of prints, and 329 books from his personal library. The illustrated books (lots 463-890) are a remarkable collection of all the classic architecture and ornament works of the 17th and 18th centuries, as well as festival and costume books, cabinet catalogues, and works on machines, perspective, costume, and anatomy. Huquier's print collection was also especially rich and extensive. The sale began on 1st July 1771. Fine copy with the rare sale schedule. ? Lugt 1944. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller Inc.]
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        Wochenschrift zum Besten der Erziehung der Jugend. Erster (1.), Zweiter (2.) Dritter (3.) und Vierter (4.) Band. (= Alles Erschienene) 4 Bände in 2 Bänden.

      - Stuttgart, Christoph Friedrich Cotta, 1771 und 1772, 8°, 824 + 824 S.,jeweils mit gestochener Titelvignette, Pappeinband der Zeit (stark berieben und bestoßen, fleckig) und Halbpergamenteinband der Zeit in guter Erhaltung. *Christian Gottfried Friedrich Boeckh, auch Böckh (* 8. 04. 1732, Nähermemmingen - 31. 01. 1792 Nördlingen) war ein deutscher Pädagoge und Theologe, pädagogischer Schriftsteller und Herausgeber. Die "Wochenschrift" erschien 1771/72.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Martin Barbian & Grund GbR]
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        AMÉRIQUE OU INDES OCCIDENTALES [caption title]

      Paris: Chez l'Autheur, 1771. Copper engraved folding map, with original handcolored outlining. Sheet size: 20 1/2 x 26 inches. Contemporary paste paper boards, manuscript label on front board, partial manuscript on spine. Contemporary Latin manuscript waste used as pastedowns. Slight toning along fold lines, but overall a fine copy. The scarce second issue of this excellent 18th-century depiction of North and South America, by one of France's greatest cartographers. This second issue is similar in layout to the first, but it renders more of the Northwest Coast of North America, which is left as terra incognita in 1749 version. The political realities of the time are spelt out in the interesting engraved panel on the right hand side which lists the holdings of Britain, France, Portugal, Holland, Denmark and Spain in the Americas, as they were after the conclusion of the French and Indian War and prior to the American Revolution. Also included in this panel is a list of the dominant religions in the region. The regions held by each European power are outlined in color on the map. The map also includes two insets: one of Martinique and the other of Santo Domingo, two immensely profitable French colonies (they shared Santo Domingo with the Spanish). Vaugondy's maps were often used by him and others as pieces in larger atlases, rather than bound for individual use, as here. OCLC located only four individual copies of the map, at the University of Texas at Arlington, the University of Michigan, the Sachsiche Landesbibliothek in Germany, and Princeton.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Arier og andre Poetiske Stykker.

      [Udgivet af T. S. Heiberg]. Kbhvn.: Graae 1771. 88 s. Navn fjernet fra titelblad, ellers velholdt eksemplar indbundet i nyere halvpergament i gammel stil med guldtryk på ryggen. * Bibl. Danica IV, 248.

      [Bookseller: Grosells Antikvariat]
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        Gesamtans., von Eiche aus gesehen, rechts das Neue Palais, links das Belvedere und das Drachenhaus, "Vue du Nouveau Palais Royal du Belvedere et de la Ville de Potsdam, et des Einvirons, prise de la Montagne de Eiche".

      - Kupferstich v. A. L. Krüger n. F. Meyer ( 1771 ), dat. 1772, 45,5 x 68,5 Thieme - Becker, XXI, 587. Zu A.L. Krüger ( 1743 - 1822). - Er war in Potsdam vor allem als Architekt, als Mitarbeiter von Carl von Gontard und Langhans, tätig, aber auch als Zeichenlehrer v. König Friedrich Wilhelm III. - Nicht bei Drescher /Kroll, Potsdam, Ansichten aus drei Jahrhunderten. - Giersberg/Schendel, mit farb. Abb. 137 auf Seite 83 ( der Vorzeichnung ). Berndt. Märkische Ansichten, Nr. 1487.- Vorliegendes Blatt ohne den Schriftzug "Se vend chez Jean Morino ". - Wohl ein kleines Wurmlöchlein rechts oben, das ganze Blatt alt mit Japan doubliert, in Summe aber von guter Erhaltung.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Clemens Paulusch GmbH]
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        Les mille et une folies, contes français

      First Edition, rare, published anonymously.Binders in full marbled brown calf vintage. Back with ornate nerves. Title pieces of beige morocco, pieces of tomaison with brown wax. Chez la veuve Duchesne A Paris 1771 In-12 (10x17cm) xvj (4) 480pp. et (4) iij (1) 431pp. et (4) ij (2) 432pp. et (4) iv, 460pp. 4 volumes reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        A Journal of a Voyage round the World in His Majesty's Ship Endeavour, in the years 1768, 1769, 1770 and 1771..

      London: Becket & De Hondt, 1771. An excellent copy in an old binding.. Quarto, with the 2 pp. dedication to Banks and Solander; half brown morocco, marbled sides and endpapers. First edition of the earliest published account of Cook's first voyage to the Pacific: the rare first issue, with the leaf of dedication to 'The Right Honourable Lords of the Admiralty, and to Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander' inserted by the publisher to add authenticity, although it didn't succeed in winning either gentleman's favour. This was the first of a series of so-called "surreptitious accounts" of Cook's various voyages to appear in print: the Admiralty found it practically impossible to enforce their ruling that no unofficial publications should pre-empt the official and lengthier accounts of the voyages, naturally much slower in the press. In this case, however, legal action was taken against the publisher for using an unauthorised dedication, forcing removal of the leaf during publication. 'It is accordingly of the greatest rarity, and copies of the book containing the dedication are far more valuable than those without it...' (Davidson).Published anonymously some two months after their return, and nearly two years before Hawkesworth's official account, the American sailor James Magra (now more commonly "Matra") is the most likely author (Beaglehole, Journals, I, pp. cclvi-cclxiv). If Magra was indeed the author, his illicit sale of his journal to the publishers might well have confirmed Cook's opinion of him: 'one of those gentlemen, frequently found on board Kings Ships, that can very well be spared, or to speake more planer good for nothing...'. He was a New Yorker and a loyalist.Whatever his skipper and the authorities may have thought of him, it was Magra who got the first description of the voyage into print -- the earliest printed account of the east coast of Australia, published even before acceptance of the name Botany Bay, here called Sting-ray Bay as Cook originally christened it.The publication of the book has a further claim on our attention for, as Alan Frost has argued, Magra used his experiences on the east coast of Australia to draft his 1783 proposal for a penal colony at Botany Bay (never shy in self-promotion, Magra even announced his hope of being made Governor). His plan, like Sir Joseph Banks' before and George Young's after him, was shelved, but does appear to have been in the back of the minds of the planners of the First Fleet. Magra was even called as an expert witness to the committee in charge of solving the question of transportation (Alan Frost, James Mario Matra, pp. 113-122). Provenance: This copy has an interesting provenance. An early owner has left pencil and ink notes throughout, while the title-page has the stamp of the "Northern Protector of Aboriginals"; it is likely therefore that this copy belonged to the influential ethnographer and notable collector who held that office, Walter E. Roth. His administration of the post from 1898 to 1906 was marked for its sympathetic advocacy of Aboriginal rights. In this context the pencil notes which remark on various aspects of native behaviours, including New Zealand cannibalism, are especially interesting.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House Rare Books]
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        A Journal of a Voyage round the World in His Majesty's Ship Endeavour, in the years 1768, 1769, 1770 and 1771?

      Becket & De Hondt, London 1771 - Quarto, with the 2 pp. dedication to Banks and Solander; half brown morocco, marbled sides and endpapers. First edition of the earliest published account of Cook's first voyage to the Pacific: the rare first issue, with the leaf of dedication to 'The Right Honourable Lords of the Admiralty, and to Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander' inserted by the publisher to add authenticity, although it didn't succeed in winning either gentleman's favour. This was the first of a series of so-called "surreptitious accounts" of Cook's various voyages to appear in print: the Admiralty found it practically impossible to enforce their ruling that no unofficial publications should pre-empt the official and lengthier accounts of the voyages, naturally much slower in the press. In this case, however, legal action was taken against the publisher for using an unauthorised dedication, forcing removal of the leaf during publication. 'It is accordingly of the greatest rarity, and copies of the book containing the dedication are far more valuable than those without it?' (Davidson).Published anonymously some two months after their return, and nearly two years before Hawkesworth's official account, the American sailor James Magra (now more commonly "Matra") is the most likely author (Beaglehole, Journals, I, pp. cclvi-cclxiv). If Magra was indeed the author, his illicit sale of his journal to the publishers might well have confirmed Cook's opinion of him: 'one of those gentlemen, frequently found on board Kings Ships, that can very well be spared, or to speake more planer good for nothing?'. He was a New Yorker and a loyalist.Whatever his skipper and the authorities may have thought of him, it was Magra who got the first description of the voyage into print -- the earliest printed account of the east coast of Australia, published even before acceptance of the name Botany Bay, here called Sting-ray Bay as Cook originally christened it.The publication of the book has a further claim on our attention for, as Alan Frost has argued, Magra used his experiences on the east coast of Australia to draft his 1783 proposal for a penal colony at Botany Bay (never shy in self-promotion, Magra even announced his hope of being made Governor). His plan, like Sir Joseph Banks' before and George Young's after him, was shelved, but does appear to have been in the back of the minds of the planners of the First Fleet. Magra was even called as an expert witness to the committee in charge of solving the question of transportation (Alan Frost, James Mario Matra, pp. 113-122). Provenance: This copy has an interesting provenance. An early owner has left pencil and ink notes throughout, while the title-page has the stamp of the "Northern Protector of Aboriginals"; it is likely therefore that this copy belonged to the influential ethnographer and notable collector who held that office, Walter E. Roth. His administration of the post from 1898 to 1906 was marked for its sympathetic advocacy of Aboriginal rights. In this context the pencil notes which remark on various aspects of native behaviours, including New Zealand cannibalism, are especially interesting. An excellent copy in an old binding. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Hordern House Rare Books]
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        A Journal of a Voyage round the World in His Majesty's Ship Endeavour, in the years 1768, 1769, 1770 and 1771...

      London: Becket & De Hondt, 1771. Quarto, with the 2 pp. dedication to Banks and Solander; half brown morocco, marbled sides and endpapers. First edition of the earliest published account of Cook's first voyage to the Pacific: the rare first issue, with the leaf of dedication to 'The Right Honourable Lords of the Admiralty, and to Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander' inserted by the publisher to add authenticity, although it didn't succeed in winning either gentleman's favour. This was the first of a series of so-called "surreptitious accounts" of Cook's various voyages to appear in print: the Admiralty found it practically impossible to enforce their ruling that no unofficial publications should pre-empt the official and lengthier accounts of the voyages, naturally much slower in the press. In this case, however, legal action was taken against the publisher for using an unauthorised dedication, forcing removal of the leaf during publication. 'It is accordingly of the greatest rarity, and copies of the book containing the dedication are far more valuable than those without it...' (Davidson).Published anonymously some two months after their return, and nearly two years before Hawkesworth's official account, the American sailor James Magra (now more commonly "Matra") is the most likely author (Beaglehole, Journals, I, pp. cclvi-cclxiv). If Magra was indeed the author, his illicit sale of his journal to the publishers might well have confirmed Cook's opinion of him: 'one of those gentlemen, frequently found on board Kings Ships, that can very well be spared, or to speake more planer good for nothing...'. He was a New Yorker and a loyalist.Whatever his skipper and the authorities may have thought of him, it was Magra who got the first description of the voyage into print -- the earliest printed account of the east coast of Australia, published even before acceptance of the name Botany Bay, here called Sting-ray Bay as Cook originally christened it.The publication of the book has a further claim on our attention for, as Alan Frost has argued, Magra used his experiences on the east coast of Australia to draft his 1783 proposal for a penal colony at Botany Bay (never shy in self-promotion, Magra even announced his hope of being made Governor). His plan, like Sir Joseph Banks' before and George Young's after him, was shelved, but does appear to have been in the back of the minds of the planners of the First Fleet. Magra was even called as an expert witness to the committee in charge of solving the question of transportation (Alan Frost, James Mario Matra, pp. 113-122). Provenance: This copy has an interesting provenance. An early owner has left pencil and ink notes throughout, while the title-page has the stamp of the "Northern Protector of Aboriginals"; it is likely therefore that this copy belonged to the influential ethnographer and notable collector who held that office, Walter E. Roth. His administration of the post from 1898 to 1906 was marked for its sympathetic advocacy of Aboriginal rights. In this context the pencil notes which remark on various aspects of native behaviours, including New Zealand cannibalism, are especially interesting. An excellent copy in an old binding.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        SILVA, António da. DIRECTORIO PRACTICO DA PRATA, E OURO,

      - EM QUE SE MOSTRÃO AS CONDIÇÕES, com que se devem lavrar estes dous nobilíssimos Metaes; para que se evitem nas obras os enganos; e nos Artifices os erros. POR ANTONIO DA SYLVA, Ensaiador da Casa Real da Moeda, e Ourives da Prata nesta Corte, e Cidade de Lisboa. LISBOA NA REGIA OFICINA TYPOGRAFICA. Anno MDCCLXXI [1771]. In 4º [de 20x14 cm] com XV, 551 pags. Encadernação do início do século XIX inteira de pele com finos ferros a ouro na lombada. Profusamente ilustrado com tabelas e cálculos matemáticos. Exemplar com título de posse manuscrito no verso da folha de guarda: «José Dias Lopes Quaresma». 2ª edição. Obra profusamente ilustrada com tabelas de composição das ligas metálicas de prata e ouro; e com os cálculos matemáticos dos quilates. Inocêncio I, 269 e VIII, 305: « António da Silva (4º), Ourives da prata e Ensaiador da Casa da Moeda de Lisboa. Foi natural da mesma cidade, e nela morreu em 1723. [1ª edição]: Directorio da Prata e Ouro em que se mostram as condições com que se devem lavrar estes dous nobilissimos metaes, etc. Lisboa, por Miguel Manescal 1720. 4.º de XXII-551 pag. - Ibi, na Reg. Off. Typ. 1771. 4.o de igual numero de pag. Esta segunda edição não acusa em parte alguma a existência da primeira, e por isso parece única a quem não conhecer a anterior. Eu possuo um exemplar da primeira, e vi um da segunda em poder do Sr. Figanière. O preço deste livro, que não é vulgar, regula entre 480 e 600 réis: e sei de algum vendido por 720. [.] A primeira edição do Directorio da prata e ouro (n.º 1504) datada de 1720, contém ao todo XXIV- 551 pag., contando o anterrosto. A segunda de 1771 contém XVI, 551 pag., havendo nesta um salto na paginação de III a VI. Tem a primeira mais que a segunda várias poesias encomiásticas dirigidas ao autor do livro, a saber: um romance, quatro sonetos, uma decima, e epigramas, o que tudo ocupa VIII paginas, e dessa falta provêm a diferença que se observa nas folhas preliminares entre uma e outra edição ». Location/localizacao: M-3-C-11 [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Livraria Castro e Silva]
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        Catalogue des Tableaux, Gouaches, Desseins en feuilles & sous verre, Estampes de toutes les Ecoles, Livres d'Estampes & autres Curiosités. Du Cabinet de M***…

      viii, 178, 11 pp. of sale schedule. Small 8vo, cont. mottled calf (expertly rebacked, title with short tear to blank outer margin), spine gilt, red morocco lettering piece on spine. Paris: Prault, 1771. An uncommon sale catalogue with an important collection of illustrated books. Huquier (1695-1772), a leading engraver and publisher of his time, not only earned commissions from Watteau, Gillot, and Meissonnier, but also executed numerous works in the realms of interior decoration and architecture for Jacques de la Joue and Charles Parrocel. During his illustrious career, he produced 970 works, including 362 designs for Watteau, which earned him "a funeral conducted with much pomp and attended by an array of clergy who sung a mass in his honor."-Benezit, Vol. 7, pp. 471-72. 1518 lots, including 73 paintings and framed drawings, 215 drawings on paper, many lots of prints, and 329 books from his personal library. The illustrated books (lots 463-890) are a remarkable collection of all the classic architecture and ornament works of the 17th and 18th centuries, as well as festival and costume books, cabinet catalogues, and works on machines, perspective, costume, and anatomy. Huquier's print collection was also especially rich and extensive. The sale began on 1st July 1771. Fine copy with the rare sale schedule. ❧ Lugt 1944.

      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.]
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        Sämmtliche Schriften.

      Berlin Vossische Buchhandlung, 1771 - 1794. - Jeweils ca 400 S. Eine beidseitig bedruckte, ausklappbare Tafel. und 2 Abb. mit Noten. Es fehlt Band 19,30 und 31 dieser ersten Gesamtausgabe. Bd 25 mit wenigen Anstr. Die Pappbände berieben und beschabt, Ecken , Kapitale und Kanten bestoßen. Stempel auf Titel. Sprache: Deutsch Gewicht in Gramm: 3000 [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Ulenspiegel]
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        Es soll in Unserer K. K. Haupt- und Residenz-Stadt Wien [.] eine öffentliche Börse errichtet [.] werden".

      Wien, 1. VIII. 1771. - 11 SS. auf 6 Bll. Geheftet. Folio. Erste Ausgabe des Gründungspatentes der Wiener Börse. "Die Gründung einer öffentlichen Börse wurde bereits mit einer Verordnung vom 14. 8. 1761 angeregt, doch wurde der Gedanke nicht realisiert. Erst das Börsenpatent Maria Theresias vom 1. 8. 1771 schuf Wandlung" (Czeike I, 427). Baltzarek, Die Geschichte der Wiener Börse (1973). [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Commentaries on the Laws of England, Philadelphia, 1771, Volume 1 only

      1771. America [Philadelphia] Robert Bell, 1771.. America [Philadelphia] Robert Bell, 1771. Volume I of the First American Edition of Blackstone's Commentaries Blackstone, William [1723-1780]. Commentaries on the Laws of England. In Four Books. Re-Printed From the British Copy, Page for Page with the Last Edition. America [Philadelphia]: Robert Bell, 1771. Volume I [ONLY]. [iv], [iv], ii, [ii], [iv], 485 pp. Title page preceded by 4-page publisher advertisement. Octavo (9" x 5-3/4"). Contemporary sheep, blind fillets to boards, raised bands to spine, lettering piece lacking. Moderate rubbing and a few shallow scuffs to boards, heavier rubbing to extremities with wear to spine ends and corners, spine abraded, front joint starting at ends, hinges cracked, free endpapers lacking, later library bookplate to front pastedown. Moderate toning to text, occasional light foxing, faint dampstaining to margins in places, some leaves have minor inkstains or smudges, mild edgewear to preliminaries. Early owner signature and later owner stamp to head of first advertisement leaf, two other early owner signatures, one struck-through, to title page. $2,000. * First American edition, reprinted verbatim from the fourth Oxford edition (1770). This was a significant publication for early American lawyers and statesman, such as John Adams, one of the subscribers to this edition, and a landmark in the history of American publishing. Volume I contains four pages of advertisements, including Bell's prospectus for this edition (addressed "To the American World"). Eller notes that the "preface is dated 2 Nov. 1765. Like the preface in the fourth Oxford edition, it contains only the first three paragraphs of Blackstone's original preface to the first Oxford edition." Eller, The William Blackstone Collection in the Yale Law Library 80. Laeuchli, A Bibliographical Catalogue of William Blackstone 131.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
 16.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Lettres à Monsieur Zimmerman, ., sur l'épidémie courante [relié à la suite] : Lettre à Monsieur Hirzel, ., sur quelques critiques de M. De Haen. 1762. [relié à la suite] : Lettre à Monsieur de Haen, ., en réponse à ses questions sur l'innoculation. 1759

      François Grasset, Lausanne 1771 - Cartonnage d'attente frotté Trois ouvrages en un volume in-12 (173x110 mm), 140 / (2)-144 / (2)-142 pages Exemplaire à toute marges, tel que paru. Quelques feuillets du premiers ouvrages détachés, mais bien présents. Mouillure marginale aux derniers feuillets du troisième ouvrage 1. Les lettres à Zimmerman ont été initialement publiées en 1765 et 1766. Tissot répond à une demande de son confrère Zimmerman et décrit une récente épidémie en Suisse qui avait semé un vent de panique. Craignant la peste, voyageurs et communes voisines demandaient une mise en quarataine. Tissot affirme qu'en fait il n'y avait rien d'inhabituel à propos de cette maladie liée simplement au froid de l'hiver. Il en décrit précisément les symptôimes et remèdes. 2. Lettre a Monsieur Hirzel. Édition originale. Tissot traite de questions médicales en réponse aux préoccupations soulevées par de Haen. 3. Lettre à Monsieur de Haen, ., en réponse à ses questions sur l'innoculation. Édition originale de cette lettre à M. de Haen, en réponse à ses questions sur des sujets tels que l'inoculation de la variole. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________ENGLISH_DESCRIPTION______________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Original paper boards. Rubbed Three works bound in one 12mo (173x110 mm), 140 / (2)-144 / (2)-142 pages Some leaves of the first work here but detached. Light waterstain one the last leaves of the last work Three rare works (second edition for the first and first edition for the second and the third). In 12 / 12mo 282g. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Eric Zink Livres anciens]
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        A Journal of a Voyage round the World in His Majesty's Ship Endeavour in the Years 1768, 1769, 1770, and 1771; Undertaken in Pursuit of Natural Knowledge, at the Desire of the Royal Society: containing All the various Occurrences of the Voyage, with Descriptions of Several new Discoveries Countries in the Southern Hemisphere; and Accounts of their Soil and Productions; and of many Singularities in the Structure, Apparel, Customs, Manners, Policy, Manufactures, etc. of their Inhabitants. To which is added a Concise Vocabulary of the Language of Otahitee.

      London: T. Becket and P.A. de Hondt 1771 - First edition, first issue. 4to. Contemporary calf, rolled edge to boards, extremities very lightly rubbed, with later armorial label of Viscount Courtenay to upper board, this chipped. [ii], ii, 130, [3], [1](blank)pp. First edition, the rare first issue, of the first published account of Cook's first circumnavigation, published two months after the return of the Endeavour, and preceding Hawkesworth's offical account by two years. With the dedication leaf, which was suppressed days after publication at the request of the dedicatees Sir Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, who issued a statement denying any knowledge of the book: "The leaf bearing this unauthorised dedication was removed from most copies. Those that still retain this leaf are now very rare and much prized" (Thompson The People's Treasures: Collections in the National Library of Australia, p17). 'This was the first in a series of so-called "surreptitious accounts" of Cook's various voyages to appear in print: the Admiralty found it practically impossible to enforce their ruling that no unofficial publications should pre-empt the official and lengthier accounts of the voyages, naturally much slower in the press' (Parks). It is noted for containing the first printed account of the east coast of Australia, with Botany Bay named Sting-ray Bay, the first name given to it by Cook. Authorship has variously been attributed to Banks or Hawkesworth (working from the journals of Sydney Parkinson), Richard Orton, William Perry, the publisher Thomas Becket, and even to Cook himself; Arnold Wood, in his Discovery of Australia (1922), was the first to suggest that the author was American midshipman James Magra (later Matra) — later a leading proponent of establishing a convict colony at Botany Bay — an attribution supported by the editor of Cook's journals, James Beaglehole, and now widely accepted. If Magra was the author he neglects to describe how 'in May 1770, when midway up the coast of New South Wales, suspecting that [he] was implicated in the drunken cropping of his clerk's ears, Cook suspended the midshipman from duty, noting that he was "one of those gentlemen, frequently found on board Kings Ships, that can very well be spared, or to speake more planer good for nothing"' (ADB). It has also been noted that 'on the evidence of a letter from himself to Banks, Magra was one of the ringleaders of an intended mutiny when the Endeavour was at Tahiti, which was rendered abortive only by the prevalence of venereal disease' (Holmes). There is nonetheless much important information in addition to the account of the Australian coast, and 'The story moves rapidly, with well-chosen detail The author describes marine animals, Tahitian and New Zealand society, and foodstuff including the breadfruit that Joseph Banks later decided to introduce to the Caribbean, leading to the ill-fated Bounty voyage' (introduction to the Cambridge University press digital edition, 2015). Beddie, 693; Hill, 1066 (2nd issue); Holmes 3; Parks (Cook) 6; Sabin, 16242; Spence, 229; Streeter, 2405. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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        Oden.

      Hamburg: Johannn Joachim Christoph Bode 1771. Med Grev Bernstorffs våben i kobberstik. [8] + 290 + [2] s. Rent og velholdt eksemplar med bred margin og med rødt snit indbundet i samtidigt helskind med farvet titelfelt og rygforgyldning. Ryggen nænsomt udbedret. Indlagt i smuk nyere privat bogæske med skindryg i gammel stil med rig rygforgyldning. Bogæsken signeret Henning Jensen. * Jens Baggesens eget eksemplar. På indersiden af forsatsbladet har digteren skrevet "An Frederike Balle./ Das Heiligthum der hehren deutschen Sprache, sein geliebtestes,/ von Deutschland's erhabenstem Dichter selbst ihm geschenktes/ Buch schenkt der holdesten Unschuld, die sich ihm hienieden of-/ fenbahrst, am Erden - Geburtstage derselben voll himmlischer Andacht./ Der Unschuldt ewiger Freund./ I. I. Baggesen/ d. 22 December 1816." Forneden på titelbladet er tilføjet "Als Grundlage zur kleinen einer Tochter zugedachten/ Büchersammlung." Ydermere har Baggesen på side 2, bagsiden af den første bogs deltitelblad skrevet et fire-liniet digt, hentet fra side 281 i den trykte bog, med tilegnelsen "An Friederike". Frederike Balle (1797-1860) Biskop Balles 19årige datter var Baggesens muse, da han skrev digtcyklussen "Balders Igienkomst, eller Digte til Nanna". Hun mindede ham om hans egen datter, Emma, der blev født i København den 28. maj 1800, men døde allerede året efter i Paris. Chr. Molbech skrev: "Vi maae dog nævne de forunderlig skiønne Digte til Nanna..". Arlaud IV, 385. Goedeke IV,1, 169,7.Et af originaludgavens få særeksemplarer trykt på italiensk bøttepapir. Den tyske digter F.G. Klopstock (1724-1803) opholdt sig efter indbydelse af Frederik V 20 år i Danmark og fik derigennem betydelig indflydelse på samtidens danske poesi.

      [Bookseller: Grosells Antikvariat]
 19.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        Commentaries on the Laws of England, Philadelphia, 1771, Volume 1 only

      1771 - America [Philadelphia] Robert Bell, 1771. Volume I of the First American Edition of Blackstone's Commentaries Blackstone, William [1723-1780]. Commentaries on the Laws of England. In Four Books. Re-Printed From the British Copy, Page for Page with the Last Edition. America [Philadelphia]: Robert Bell, 1771. Volume I [ONLY]. [iv], [iv], ii, [ii], [iv], 485 pp. Title page preceded by 4-page publisher advertisement. Octavo (9" x 5-3/4"). Contemporary sheep, blind fillets to boards, raised bands to spine, lettering piece lacking. Moderate rubbing and a few shallow scuffs to boards, heavier rubbing to extremities with wear to spine ends and corners, spine abraded, front joint starting at ends, hinges cracked, free endpapers lacking, later library bookplate to front pastedown. Moderate toning to text, occasional light foxing, faint dampstaining to margins in places, some leaves have minor inkstains or smudges, mild edgewear to preliminaries. Early owner signature and later owner stamp to head of first advertisement leaf, two other early owner signatures, one struck-through, to title page. $2,000. * First American edition, reprinted verbatim from the fourth Oxford edition (1770). This was a significant publication for early American lawyers and statesman, such as John Adams, one of the subscribers to this edition, and a landmark in the history of American publishing. Volume I contains four pages of advertisements, including Bell's prospectus for this edition (addressed "To the American World"). Eller notes that the "preface is dated 2 Nov. 1765. Like the preface in the fourth Oxford edition, it contains only the first three paragraphs of Blackstone's original preface to the first Oxford edition." Eller, The William Blackstone Collection in the Yale Law Library 80. Laeuchli, A Bibliographical Catalogue of William Blackstone 131. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., ABAA ILAB]
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        El Mariscal de campo D. Martin de la Carrera

      España - JUAN RODRIGUEZ (diseño); ANDRÉS ROSSI (1771-1829) (dibujo); TOMÁS ENGUÍDANOS (1775-1814) (grabado) Militar muerto el 1812 por el General francés Soult durante la defensa de Murcia. Buen estado de conservación. Siglo/Century: XIX Buril Papel verjurado Grabador/Engraver: López Enguídanos, Tomás Dibujante/Draw Artist: Rodríguez y Rossi, Juan y Andrés Circa 1815 Altura papel/Paper height: 400 Anchura papel/Paper width: 280 Altura plancha/Plate height:355 Anchura plancha/Plate width: 250

      [Bookseller: Palau Antiguitats]
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        Forsøg til et lexicon over danske, norske og islandske mænd, som ved trykte skrifter have giort sig bekiendte, saavelsom andre ustuderede, som noget have skrevet, hvorudi deres fødsel, betydeligste levnets omstændigheder og død ved aarstal kortelig erindres, og deres skrifter, saavidt mueligt, fuldstændig anføres. 1.-3. deel.

      Helsingør & København 1771-84. Samt. skinnbd. med 5 opphøyde bind. Ryggdekor i gull. Tittelfelter i sort og grønt. (22) + 647 + 654 + (10) + 1018 + (4) s. Foldet stamtavle.. .

      [Bookseller: Ruuds Antikvariat]
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        C. Cornelii Taciti Opera recognovit, ementavit, supplementis explevit, notis, dissertationibus, tabulis geographicis illustravit Gabriel Brotier.

      Paris, Ex Typographia Ludovici-Francisci Delatour, 1771, quattro volumi in-4to belle legature coeve in piena pelle con cornici dorate ai piatti, dorsi a cinque nervi con fregi, titoli e tagli dorati, pp. (4)-LXVIII-483 + 537 + 594 + (4)-624, vignetta xilografica ai frontespizi, testate e finali xilografici con quattro carte geografiche a doppia pagina fuori testo (Orbis vetus, Asia, Italia, Germania). Copia fresca, marginosa, in ottimo stato di conservazione.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Piani già  Naturalistica]
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        The shipwreck and adventures of Monsieur Pierre Viaud, a native of Bourdeaux, and captain of a ship

      Printed for T. Davies . 1771 - 1st English ed. Bound in contemporary acid-stained calf. Spine in six compartments. Spine head and tail chipped. Scattered foxing. Engraved frontispiece. xii, 276 pages. The story of the shipwreck on 16 February 1766 of the French ship, Le Tigre. Le Tigre was heading from Caye de St. Louis to Louisiana. It ran a ground at Dog Island (near Carrabelle FL) in 1767. During the course of Viaud's ordeal he killed and ate his slave. "In maritime annals few personal narratives seem better authenticated than this account of a shipwreck and horrifying sufferings on an island off Florida's west coast." - Howes V86. 'Probably the story of cannibalism accounted for the popularity of this narrative' (Huntress 80C). Sabin 99415; ESTC T138378. J.G. Dubois-Fontanelle. French title was: Naufrage et aventures de Monsieur Pierre Viaud. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Sequitur Books]
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        Leçons de physique expérimentale

      Durand, Paris 1771 - Pleine basane de l'époque Six volumes in-12 (168x101 mm), (4)-civ-379 / (4)-488 / (4)-512 / (4)-535-(1 bl.) (les pages 121 à 144 sont en double) / vi-(2)-592 / iv-524 pages, un frontispice et 116 planches dépliantes Reliures un peu frottées. Petits travail de vers Jean Antoine Nollet (1700-1770) était un physicien expérimental membre éminent de l'Académie des sciences de Paris. Nollet a consacré beaucoup de temps sur l'électricité et est devenu l'une des autorités de son temps. Il conçu les premiers électromètres (1747). En 1745, il a développé une théorie de l'attraction et de répulsion électrique qui suppose l'existence d'un flux continu de matière électrique entre les organes chargés. Afin de démontrer que l'électricité se déplace à grande vitesse sur une grande distance, il réalisa l'une des expériences les plus impressionnante de l'époque. En présence du roi, il fit relié par un câble 180 gardes royaux qui formaient une ligne de plus d'un kilomètre. Il leur appliqua une décharge à l'aide d'une bouteille de Leyde (ancêtre du condensateur). Les gardes sautèrent et se contournèrent simultanément. Mélange d'éditions comme pour la plupart des exemplaires rencontrés en reliure de l'époque uniforme. DSB [X p. 145 : "Nollet's 'Cours de physique' was perhaps the most popular exhibition of this kind ever given. With carefully orchestrated demonstrations performed on some 350 different instruments, the abbé entertained his enthusiastic auditor as, in the spirit of th Enlightenment, he undertook to dispel their "vulgar errors, extravagant fears and faith in the marvellous. These were not mere shows, as one sees from their expanded syllabus, the famous 'Leçons de Physique' which appeared in six volumes between 1743 and 1748 and wad often reprinted. The presentations are lively, comprehensive, and up-to-date, with full directions, for realizing the effects under study and excellent illustrations of apparatus"] ___________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________ENGLISH_DESCRIPTION______________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Contemporary full mottle sheep Six 12mo (168x101 mm), (4)-civ-379 / (4)-488 / (4)-512 / (4)-535-(1 bl.) (pages 121 to 144 in double) / vi-(2)-592 / iv-524 pages, one frontispiece and 116 folding plates Bindings a little rubbed. Small wormholes Jean Antoine Nollet (1700-1770) was an experimental physicist prominent member of the Academy of Sciences in Paris. Nollet spent considerable time on the power and became one of the authorities of his time. Mixed edition as often DSB [X p. 145 : "Nollet's 'Cours de physique' was perhaps the most popular exhibition of this kind ever given. With carefully orchestrated demonstrations performed on some 350 different instruments, the abbé entertained his enthusiastic auditor as, in the spirit of th Enlightenment, he undertook to dispel their "vulgar errors, extravagant fears and faith in the marvellous. These were not mere shows, as one sees from their expanded syllabus, the famous 'Leçons de Physique' which appeared in six volumes between 1743 and 1748 and wad often reprinted. The presentations are lively, comprehensive, and up-to-date, with full directions, for realizing the effects under study and excellent illustrations of apparatus"] In 12 / 12mo 2430g. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Eric Zink Livres anciens]
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        Usong. Eine morgenländische Geschichte, in vier Büchern. Durch den Verfasser des Versuches Schweizerischer Gedichte

      First Edition, 404+ (2) pages sider, Verlag der neuen Buchhandlung,, Bern, 1771, Bound in a beautifull contemporary full calf with raised bands and very rich golddecoration on spine and goldprint. A clean and very fine book

      [Bookseller: Andersens Antikvariat]
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        Usong: Eine Morgenländische Geschichte, in vier Büchern. Durch den Verfasser des Versuches Schweizerischer Gedichte.

      Verlag der neuen Buchhandlung Bern 1771 ( Verfasser nach Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog ermittelt - Erstausgabe WG II / 24 ) Titelblatt mit gestochener Vignette, 4 n.n. Blätter ( Vorrede ), 404 Seiten, 1 Blatt ( Verbesserungen ) ( so vollständig ). Mit 2 gestochenen Vignetten im Text, Halbpergamentband späterer Zeit mit goldgeprägtem Titelschildchen auf dem schmalen goldgeprägten Einbandrücken und marmorierten Buchdeckeln, 8° ( 17,5 x 10,5 cm ). Einband etwas berieben, gering fleckig, Bindung gelockert. Innen auf dem Titelblatt verso ein altes Exlibris *Caroli Philippi, J.M. F. Gesneri *, Papier durchgehend leicht gebräunt, Seiten teils etwas stock- oder gering braunfleckig, insgesamt aber recht gut erhalten. - sehr selten, kein Exemplar der ersten Ausgabe im Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog gelistet - ( Gewicht 350 Gramm ) ( Weitere Bilder auf Anfrage – further pics at request ) Versand D: 5,00 EUR Albrecht von Haller, Morgenland, Usong, Ysong, Schweiz, Erstausgabe, Google, Morgenland

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Friederichsen]
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        Den Dramatiske Journal, begyndt med den kongelig danske Skuepladses aabning i Kiøbenhavn aar 1771

      Første udgave, 437+ 264+8 sider sider, Kjøbenhavn 1771-1773, Indbundet i et smukt samtidig halvlæder med ophøjede bånd, rig rygforgyldning og guldtryk på ryg revne mellem forperm og ryf, med holdes sammen af båndene. Med Luxdorphs sifnatur inderside forp Forfatteren var kun 19 år da han begyndte at udsende dette første teatertidsskrift anonymt

      [Bookseller: Andersens Antikvariat]
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        Partie de l'Amerique Septentrionale.

      Artist: Bonne Rigobert (d) ; issued in: Paris; date: (d)1771 - - technic: Copper print; - colorit: colored; - condition: Very good; - size (in cm): 32 x 46; - description: Map with Labrador, the Hudson Bay, and Greenland; - vita of the artist: Rigobert Bonne (1727?1795) was one of the most important cartographers of the late 18th century.In 1773 Bonne succeeded Jacques Nicolas Bellin as Royal Cartographer to France in the office of the Hydrographer at the Depôt de la Marine. Working in his official capacity, Bonne compiled some of the most detailed and accurate maps of the period. Bonne?s work represents an important step in the evolution of the cartographic ideology away from the decorative work of the 17th and early 18th century towards a more detail oriented and practical aesthetic. With regard to the rendering of terrain Bonne maps bear many stylistic similarities to those of his predecessor, Bellin. However, Bonne maps generally abandon such common 18th century decorative features such as hand coloring, elaborate decorative cartouches, and compass roses.While mostly focusing on coastal regions, the work of Bonne is highly regarded for its detail, historical importance, and overall aesthetic appeal.

      [Bookseller: Antique Sommer& Sapunaru KG]
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        The Iliad : of Homer. The Odyssey of Homer Translated by Alexander Pope, Esq. - Together Complete in 9 Volumes

      London : printed for J. Whiston, Baker and Leigh, W. Strahan, T. Payne, J. and F. Rivington [and 19 others in London], 1771-01-01. Hardcover. Good. 9 volume set. Includes both the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer, translate by Alexander Pope. Bound in contemporary full calf, with 6 spine compartments. Shelf wear, chipping to head and tail of spines. Vol. 4 rear hinge cracked. Iliad volumes: Vol. 1: cxi, [1], 200 p., [2] leaves of plates ; v. 2: [2], 300 p., [1] folded leaf of plates ; v. 3: [2], 340 p. ; v. 4: [2], 335, [1] p., [2] folded leaves of plates ; v. 5: [2], 234, [72] p. + 4 volumes of the Odyssey. Provenance: From the library of Alfred Biese, with his book plate. Biese was a noted German literary historian from Bonn. This is an oversized or heavy book, which requires additional postage for international delivery outside the US.

      [Bookseller: SequiturBooks]
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        Flora von Deutschland. 30 Bände. 5. Auflage, revidiert und verbessert von Ernst Hallier.

      19 x 14 cm. Mit 3283 numerierten farbig lithographierten Tafeln. Orig.-Halblederbände (Rücken unterschiedlich berieben, wenige Bände an den Kapitalen bestoßen). *Nissen 1771. Junk, Bibl. Bot., 4572 und 23618. - Letzte und umfangeichste Ausgabe. Komplett in 30 Bände, jedoch ohne Registerband.(= Band 31). - Ordentliches Exemplar in den originalen Halblederbänden, die Rücken teils leicht berieben, innen sauber.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Bernd Braun]
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        Gesamtans., von Eiche aus gesehen, rechts das Neue Palais, links das Belvedere und das Drachenhaus, "Vue du Nouveau Palais Royal du Belvedere et de la Ville de Potsdam, et des Einvirons, prise de la Montagne de Eiche".

      - Kupferstich v. A. L. Krüger n. F. Meyer ( 1771 ), dat. 1772, 45,5 x 68,5 Thieme - Becker, XXI, 587. Zu A.L. Krüger ( 1743 - 1822). - Er war in Potsdam vor allem als Architekt, als Mitarbeiter von Carl von Gontard und Langhans, tätig, aber auch als Zeichenlehrer v. König Friedrich Wilhelm III. - Nicht bei Drescher /Kroll, Potsdam, Ansichten aus drei Jahrhunderten. - Giersberg/Schendel, mit farb. Abb. 137 auf Seite 83 ( der Vorzeichnung ). Berndt. Märkische Ansichten, Nr. 1487.- Vorliegendes Blatt ohne den Schriftzug "Se vend chez Jean Morino ". - Wohl ein kleines Wurmlöchlein rechts oben, das ganze Blatt alt mit Japan doubliert, in Summe aber von guter Erhaltung. Sprache: Deutsch

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Clemens Paulusch GmbH]
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        Folge von 6 gestochenen Blättern, gestochener Text und 4 + 1 Kupfer, alle von Johann Martin Will. Ausführliche Relation über den 14ten Jänner 1771. In dem Wirtshaus zu Osterzell vorgefallenen Rencontre und gäntzlicher Aufhebung des Veruffenen Bayrischen Hiesela und 9 seiner Cameraden. DAZU: Anrede des Bubens nach der Gefangnehmung.

      Augsburg, Will, 1771. - je circa 25 x 41 cm. 6 Kupferstiche, auf Blätter montiert in privatem Halbelderband mit Lederecken "Schwerdt II, 297; Drugulin II, 4900 (4 Bll.); vgl. Diederichs, Dt. Leben S. 366. Seltene komplette Folge zur Gefangennahme des berühmten Wilderers und Anführers einer Räuberbande Matthias Klostermeyer (1736-1771), der unter dem Namen "Bayerische Hiasl" bekannt wurde. Die Folge ist hier vollständig mit dem gestochenen Text und den folgenden vier Blättern: Hiasl und Bub bewaffnet mit zwei Hunden (Bub: Da Hiesel, nim den Stutzen hin.) - Raubüberfall (Verwegne That des Berüchtigten Bayrischen Hiesel.) - Szene vor dem Wirtshaus (Gespräch zwischen dem Wirth , Osterzell.) - Umstellung und Stürmung des Gasthauses (Die Gefangennehmung des Bayrischen Hiesel, samt 9 seiner Cameraden in Osterzell. - DAZU: wohl nicht zur Folge gehörig, sondern zusätzlich als separater Einblattdruck erschienen: Anrede des Bubens nach der Gefangnehmung an den Bayrischen Hiesel in Osterzell, den 14. Januarii 1771. Mit Titel und Versen in je 3 Spalten oben und unten. - Rosenthal Kat. 89, 632; vgl. Halle Kat. 70, 1922 u. Huelke/Etzler 1850. - Kurioses Sammelbild mit Portrait von Klostermeyer und seinem Buben Andreas Mayr aus Harthausen in den Unterecken, dazwischen grosse Abbildung einer Bulldogge, darüber die einzelnen, von Soldaten bewachten Mitglieder der Räuberbande sowie 2 bereits getötete. - Der Räuberhauptmann Hiasl galt schon zu Lebzeiten, trotz zahlreicher Gewaltverbrechen auch gegen unschuldige Zivilisten, als Volksheld und eine Art Robin Hood, weil er in manchen Fällen erbeutetes Steuergeld auch unter der Bevölkerung verteilte. Er soll Schiller als Vorbild für den Karl Moor in den "Räubern"gedient haben. - Vom Vorbesitzer so komplett aus der Jagd-Sammlung Schwerdt erworben, das Exlibris von Schwerdt vorne auf den Vorsatz einmontiert. " "- Gut erhalten, nur wenig gebräunt, kaum fleckig, meist sauber und schön. - Vollständige Folge mit zusätzlichem Einblattdruck aus der Bibliothek der berühmten Jagd-Sammlung Schwerdt.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Thomas Rezek]
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        C. Cornelii Taciti Opera recognovit, ementavit, supplementis explevit, notis, dissertationibus, tabulis geographicis illustravit Gabriel Brotier.

      Paris, Ex Typographia Ludovici-Francisci Delatour, 1771, quattro volumi in-4to belle legature coeve in piena pelle con cornici dorate ai piatti, dorsi a cinque nervi con fregi, titoli e tagli dorati, pp. (4)-LXVIII-483 + 537 + 594 + (4)-624, vignetta xilografica ai frontespizi, testate e finali xilografici con quattro carte geografiche a doppia pagina fuori testo (Orbis vetus, Asia, Italia, Germania). Copia fresca, marginosa, in ottimo stato di conservazione.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Piani già' Naturalistica snc]
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        L'Ami Des François

      A Constantinople 1771 - 793pp. in-8 relié In-8 (199x126 mm), 793 pages. Livre relié, Plein Cuir, Dos lisse orné de motifs dorés avec pièces de titre, Tranche supérieure dorée. Avec un tableau en noir hors-texte. Reliure en mauvais état, fortement frottée, avec une charnière fendue sur 11 cm (restauration à prévoir). Intérieur satisfaisant avec d'anciennes taches d'eau et quelques coupures. Poids: 810 gr. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Hairion Thibault]
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        The Elementary Principles of Tactics; with new obervations on the Military Art

      1771 - First English edition. 12 folding plates. 8vo. A fine copy in contemporary calf, red morocco label to spine, gilt, Macclesfield library plates to front pastedown. 217, [blank, 5, 1ad]pp. London, S. Hooper, A fine copy of this scarce work with a distinguished provenance. It bears the additional plate of the Hon. Lt. Gen. George Lane Parker, who was the younger son of the second Earl of Macclesfield. Parker served in the American Revolution and later became the MP for Tregony. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd ABA, ILAB, PBFA, BA]
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        Mélanges de physique et de médecine

      chez P. G. Cavelier, libraire, rue S. Jacques, au Lys d'or : 1771 : 8vo: a6 A-2B8 (+/H6), 200 leaves, pp. [4] iii-ix [1] 400. Each gathering is signed 'Tome I'. One engraved plate (platemark 178 x 105mm) bound as a throwout at K3v. Woodcut device on title, head- and tail-pieces in the text.Leaf 196 x 123. : An important collection of memoirs, four of which are published here for the first time. The first paper in the volume presents Le Roy's highly influential theory of evaporation, based on the idea that vapours in the air are analogous to salts in solution. The word 'precipitation' in meteorology is a linguistic remnant of Le Roy's theory, by which he 'performed an invaluable service to science' by clearing the way for the important advances in the theory of evaporation made by Dalton and Lavoisier. (See J.B. Gough, DSB 8:255-56.)Le Roy, an eminent physician and teacher of medicine, was the son of the celebrated horologist, Julien Le Roy. He received his medical training at Montpellier and became a member of the faculty of medicine there after travelling extensively in Italy.The separate memoirs in the volume are: 1. Mémoire sur l'élévation et la suspension de l'eau dans l'air; et sur la rosée.2. Mémoire sur l'usage des eaux de Balaruc.3. Observations sur les eaux de Balaruc.4. Mémoire sur le méchanisme par lequel l'oeil s'accomode aux differentes distances des objets.5. Second mémoire sur la vision, considérée relativement aux differentes distances des objets, with a plate.6. Mémoires sur les fievres aiguës.7. Reflexions et observations sur le scorbut.8. Mémoire sur les eaux sulphureuses, contenant le moyen de les imiter parfaitement.9. Précis sur les eaux minérales.Items 1, 3 and 4 were first published in the memoirs of the Académie Royale des Sciences 1751, 1752, 1755. Item 9 was first published in Latin as De aquarum mineralium, 1757, 1762. Item 6 was first published as Mémoires et observations de médecine Montpellier,1766. Items 2,5,7 and 8 are published here for the first time.A second volume was published in 1776 and contained a single work, Du pronostic dans les maladies aigues. The present volume is often catalogued on its own and this copy was probably bound for a member of the author's family, no doubt before the second volume appeared as there is no volume number on the spine.

      [Bookseller: Roger Gaskell Rare Books]
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        Elogi degli uomini illustri toscani. Tom. I + II + III + IIII.

      - In Lucca, 1771 / 1772 / 1772 / 1774. 22 x 14,5 cm. Bound in half leather [gilt]. Four Volumes. NEAR FINE SET [ ] [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Frans Melk Antiquariaat]
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        Die Haushaltungs-Kunst im Kriege und in der Theurung

      Stuttgart, Mezler, 1771. - nebst denen dazu gehörigen Policei-Anstalten und einer Anzeige der vornehmsten Pflanzen und Gewächse, die statt des Brodes zur Nahrung dienen können. LXXX, 306 Spalten (1. – 20. Stück), Pappband der Zeit, 21,5 x 17,5 cm, Einband berieben, Stempel auf dem Titel, sonst gut. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat H. Carlsen]
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        Mosaà que (Mosaics)

      1771 - Encyclopà die, ou dictionnaire raisonnà des sciences, des arts et des mà tiers. Plates vol. 8 Paris (1771) Folio, 253 x 393mm. 14 pages of descriptive text & 5 loose plates with their accompanying text sheet from the volume of plates. Slight browning to margins, a little spotting otherwise very good. The 5 plates and descriptive text for the entry of Mosaà que from volume VIII of plates. Plates are numbered 1-5. Plate 4 is a double plate. 1 page (659) from volume VIII of the Encyclopà die (1765) including Les Romains 11 pages (78, 79, & 741-750) from volume X of the Encyclopà die (1765) including information on Compartimens de pavà s en marbre, and Mosaà que en gà nà ral 1 page (193) from volume XII of the Encyclopà die (1765) including L'usage des pavà s en mosaà que à Rome 1 page (353) from volume III of the Supplà ment à l'Encyclopà die (1777) which includes Mosaà que de Herculanum With some browning to a few leaves. Included with these plates are several relevant entries on Mosaics, including the main ten-page article by Chevalier Louis de Jaucourt. The article primarily concerns the role of mosaics in Christendom philosophy and also their manufacture. Despite focusing largely on the sciences, Jaucourt has been regarded as an important philosopher as well. The article for mosaics is therefore a good example of this polymath's varied interests and specialities. The five plates largely concern the workmanship of this art and the atelier itself. Eight mosaic patterns are also reproduced, including Europe Raised by Jupiter, Neptune and his Trident, and a Barge on the Nile. There is one double plate depicting the Nile Mosaic of Palestrina, with various useful annotations. Thought to be the earliest Roman depiction of Nilotic scenes, close examination suggests that it was produced in the reign of Sulla (ca. 100 B.C.). It is important for a number of reasons, and could possibly be one of the mosaics referred to by Pliny in his Naturalis Historiæ. Having remained in the Barberini family since the 17th-century, the mosaic can now be found in the Museo Nazionale Prenestino.

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd]
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        Isola di Corsica. Carta Corografica divisa nelle respettive Province, estratta accuratamente dalle piu esatte Carte, e approvata da molte pratici del Regno, fatta / per uso dell' Istoria di questo Regno. Scritta dall Ab. Giovacchino Cambiagi Fiorentino l'Anno MDCCLXXI.

      1771. Incisione in rame, mm 380x650. Rara carta di grande formato tratta da "Istoria del Regno di Corsica" di Gioacchino Cambiagi (1740-1801), pubblicata a Firenze in quattro volumi fra 1770-72. Ottime condizioni con leggere pieghe editoriali. La carta mostra città, villaggi, confini, strade e molto altro ed è arricchita da due cartigli oltre che da navi. Cambiagi, nato a Firenze. è un probabile parente di Gaetano Cambiagi, editore. Nel 1775 un libro sulla storia della Sardegna. (Biographie universelle, ancienne et moderne: supplement 60, p. 21). Dell'incisore Gaspero Picchioni nulla si conosce. Due copie della carta sono repertiate da biblioteche (entrambe alla Bibliotheque Nationale di Parigi); anche il libro è molto raro. Cervoni, Images de la Corse, 110, p. 152.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Perini s.a.s.]
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        Manifiesto que el Rl. Convento de Religiosas de Jesus Maria de Mexico de el Real Patronato Sujeto a el Orden de la Purissima e Immaculada Concepcion haze a el Sagrado Concilio Provincial de las Razones que le Asisten para que se digne de declarar ser la que siguen vida comun y conforme a su regla y que no se debe hazer alguna novedad en el methodo que les prescrivio el Illmo. y Exmo. Sr. Arzovpo. Dn. F. Payo Enriques de Rivera cuia resolucion pretenden que a mayor abundamiento se aprueve y el que han observado en los demas puntos que se expresan. Lo dicto el Ldo. [Licenciado] Dn. Balthazar Ladron de Guevara

      A manuscript copy, most likely a working draft, of Ladrón de Guevara's adverse criticism on convent reform in the 1760s and 1770s published in 1771. This manuscript is extensively revised throughout and the revisions are those that appear in the published version, which strongly suggests that this manuscript pre-dates the published edition and that this was a working copy for it. In this account of life in the Mexican Convent of Jesús María, Ladrón de Guevara protests against the sweeping Bourbon reforms that were being made to convent life by the reformist Bishop of Puebla, Francisco Fabián y Fuero (1719-1810). From the date of his appointment in 1765, Fabián y Fuero had been most energetic in enforcing the reforms of the Mexican Church being introduced by his friend, Francisco Antonio de Lorenzana (1722-1804), Archbishop of Mexico. On 10 August 1768, Fabián y Fuero had sent a pastoral letter to the abbesses of convents stating his intention of curtailing access to private money in convents and abolishing the custom of the peculio (an allowance nuns could draw from their dowries) as well as dismantling private living arrangements within convents and dismissing all private servants. He also aimed to implement vida común or common life in convents, a reform favoured by Pope Benedict XIV intended to submit convents and religious women to the greater control of ecclesiastical authorities. Ladrón de Guevara (1725-1804) was an eminent lawyer; in 1760, a founding member of the Mexican Real Colegio de Abogados, wrote this account of life in the convent, one of the few detailed descriptions to exist, to counter the accusations of laxity with which Fabián y Fuero was justifying his reforms. It came to be considered among the most forceful protests against the religious reforms of the Bourbons and, partly as a result of Ladrón de Guevara's creole status, an early expression of Mexican national identity. Phillipps 21258.

      [Bookseller: HS Rare Books]
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        The Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Chronicle Volume XLI (41) January to December 1771

      London: David Henry; Elizabeth Newbery. G : in Good condition without dust jacket. 20th century binding with new eps. Some foxing and set-off. Part of December and index missing. 1771. First Edition. Buff hardback cloth cover. 220mm x 140mm (9" x 6"). iii, 532pp + plates. 24 b/w plates and maps (13 fold-out). .

      [Bookseller: Barter Books Ltd]
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        Representacion hecha al Señor Felipe Quarto, á nombre de las Yglesias Metropolitanas, y Catedrales de las Yndias, sobre que sus Prelacias sean provistas en los Capitulares de éllas, y naturales de sus Provincias. Por El Doctor Don Luis de Betancourt, Y Figueroa, Chantre de la Santa Yglesia de San Franco del Quito, en las Provincias del Peru y Procurador Gral. de las Yndias. Año de 1637. [And:] [1771 Representation.] Representacion hecha al Rey Nro. Sr. por la Ciudad de México; que tráta el mismo punto que la antecedénte, con motivo de que cierto Ministro, ó Prelado de aquéllos Reynos, expuso en un Ynforme á S. M. que los Americanos són de espiritu sumiso, y rendido, y se hermanan bien con el abatimiento; por lo que conviene téngan delante en los empléos de primer orden á los Españoles Européos, que con espiritu noble deséan el bien de la Patria, y el sosiego de nuestro amado Monarca

      A fine contemporary manuscript version of the celebrated Mexican 1771 Representation included alongside Betancourt y Figueroa's work calling for religious posts in the Americas to go to creoles rather than peninsular Spaniards. The 1771 Representation according to the historian David Brading "constituted a remarkably frank plea for Mexican autonomy within the imperial framework of the absolutist monarchy" (Brading, Origins of Mexican Nationalism, 1985, p. 16). For this, it came to be known as one of the earliest calls for Mexican independence from Spain and was included in J. E. Hernández y Dávalos' Colección de Documentos para la Historia de la Guerra de Independencia de Mexico de 1808 a 1821, México, 1877-1882, vol. I, no. 195, pp. 427-55, with the title "Representacion que hizo la ciudad de México al rey D. Cárlos III en 1771 sobre que los criollos deben ser preferidos á los europeos en la distribucion de empleos y beneficios de estos reinos". Hernández y Dávalos was the first to publish the 1771 Representation and his is generally that referred to by historians. The version in this manuscript, however, is slightly different and contains some extra passages. In the 18th century, following the shock of defeat in the Seven Years' War, the Spanish government sought to exert greater control over its transatlantic empire in what Brading has called 'the virtual reconquest of the Indies' during the reign of Charles III (Brading, p. 14). In 1767, the Jesuits were expelled from Spanish territories and over four hundred Mexican born clerics, the nucleus of Mexico's intellectual élite, were banished from Mexico. In addition, Bourbon enlightened ministers such as José de Gálvez and Archbishop Lorenzana, were sent to Mexico to tighten Spain's grip on its empire, they introduced new taxes and crown monopolies, and employed a vast range of fiscal officials openly favouring peninsulars over creoles in this new regime. It was against this and, more specifically, against a criticism of creole capability sent by Lorenzana to Spain that the 1771 Representation was composed by Mexican officials. As the historian J. M. Pérez Collados points out, what was remarkable about it was not just that it called for creole equality but that it asked for creoles to be preferred over and to the exclusion of peninsulars (Los Discursos Políticos del México Originario: Contribución a los estudios sobre los procesos de independencia iberoamericanos, 1998, p. 40). The 1771 Representation was one of, if not, the most powerful protest against the Bourbon reforms that were being so vigorously imposed on Mexico during the years in which this manuscript was written and it was natural that it should be associated with works such as that by Betancourt y Figueroa's which, according to Burkholder, was even re-published in a Madrid periodical in 1789 (see Burkholder, p. 58). The tensions created by the Bourbon reforms would overflow in the nineteenth century into the fight for Mexican independence and thus Hernández y Dávalos' identification of this 1771 Representation as one of the earliest documents in the Mexican independence movement is understandable. It is also written alongside Betancourt's treatise - on the same paper, in the same hand - with the modified title, 'Representation made to the King by the City of Mexico which treats the same subject as the previous work', clearly indicating that the two works were being associated at the time when Mexico's Ayuntamiento sent their Representation to Carlos III in 1771. While acting as a representative for the cathedrals of the Indies in Madrid in 1634, Betancourt, a native of New Granada, published the Memorial i Informacion por las Iglesias Metropolitanas, i Catedrales de las Indias, sobre que sean proveidas sus prelacias en los naturales, i capitulares dellas, setting out the legal foundations for advancing to bishops and archbishops dignitaries and natives from within the diocese. Interest was sufficiently high in his work for it to be re-published in 1635 and 1637 (from which the version in this manuscript is probably taken though the manuscript has an additional dedication not in the published version). Betancourt and his protest were not ignored. In 1636, he was appointed Chantre of the cathedral of Quito and in 1642 he became the first creole inquisitor of Lima, eventually being offered the post of bishop of Popayán which he turned down. Furthermore, at least a third of the 126 new prelates appointed between 1635 and 1699 were creoles (see Burkholder, Spaniards in the Colonial Empire, 2013, p. 58). Provenance: This manuscript formed part of Edward King, Viscount Kingsborough's (1795-1837) collection. It was item number 642 in the Catalogue of the Rare and Valuable Library of the late Rt. Hon. Edward Lord Viscount Kingsborough... which will be sold by auction... by Charles Sharpe (Dublin: Webb and Chapman, 1842). It was later in the collections of Sir Thomas Phillipps (1792-1872) and Sir Robert Leicester Harmsworth (1870-1937). Harmsworth 4641; Phillips 11649.

      [Bookseller: HS Rare Books]
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        John Livingston

      1771 - 1790. The letters in the archive are from several members of the Livingston family including John Livingston, Peter Livingston, Robert G. Livingston Jr., Robert R. Livingston, William S. Livingston, John R. Livingston, B. Livingston and Robert C. Livingston. One particular letter was written on March 31, 1782 from Tho. Tillotson to J.R. Livingston Esqr. The letter is about peace and reads in full, <I>"Dr. John, I have waited some time for an opportunity to write you by a private hand, as the postage would be more injury than any amusement from the letter would be furnished you; it is not the case with you, as opportunities are furnished you daily from so large a trading town; however I am obliged to break through the economical system to comply with the request of you Mama, who informs me that you write her word that she did not account for the money, Cockbush sent you, which happened to come immediately under my notice; as it settled in the order for fifty dollars, that she gave me on you, that, a piece of linnen & the paying for the sleigh, which you were to settle for -- the chancellor has been with us for some time, but leaves us in a few days -- I give you joy on the flattering prospects of a peace next campaign & the acquisition we have made in the House of Commons for rescinding the American War -- How is your little wife? is her complaint mended, or increased by the spring? Bring her up as soon as you can, for be assured that Climate is the most improper for her that she can possibly live in, particularly the Spring -- Make my best respects to her, and the family in general. I am yours Dr. Sir & C. Tho. Tillotson."</I> A September 26, 1771 letter from Robert G. Livingston reads in part, <I>"I expect in the course of a few weeks from this date a vast variety of European & East India Goods calculated for the approaching season . . . for it's not a large profit I seek but a safe connection."</I> Also included is an arrest warrant for Jacobus Feller for Trespassing signed by B. Livingston. In part the warrant reads, <I>"The people of the State of New York, to the sheriff of the City of New York, GREETING <I>"We command you that you take Jacobus Feller. If he shall be found within your Bailiwick, and him safely keep, so that you have his body before the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen of the City of New York at the next Court of Common Pleas called the Mayor's Court, to be held at the Court-house of the said City, in and for the said City, on Tuesday the twenty Seventh day of September next . . . "</I>

      [Bookseller: University Archives]
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        John Hancock

      , March 18 1771. March 18 1771. An interesting letter from Bristol merchant Henry Cruger to John Hancock concerning the possibility of a joint commercial venture. Hancock docketed it on the verso: "Henry Cruger Esq. from Bristol Rec'd May 9th 1771 By Capt Gough". Cruger's letter states: "... being a merchant, I have for some time past been desirous to have a connection with you in that character. At any Rate, I was ambitious of a Correspondence with you ... upon the encouragement given me by a number of gentlemen to put up one of my ships to take in good upon a General Freight for Boston - I determined to address her to you... Mr. Palfrey inform'd me of your inclination to establish a Ship on the Trade betwixt Boston & Bristol - and paid me the compliment to say I was the first & only person in the place that he would wish to see you connected with... very willing to hold a concern with you in a Vessel on this trade - either 1/4 or a 1/3d as was most agreable [sic] to your good self - but at the same time I think the more owners you have of your side of the water, the better on account of their orders for goods to promote her Freight. I am largely in the New York Trade - have the consignments of many vessels yearly... I submit the matter wholy [sic] to your discretion - I think if you were to build a good little ship of 150 to 160 tons, & have two or three owners of your side the water - I mean large importers of dry Goods - there is no doubt but the concern would get money by it. Engage your Friends who do business to this place to give your vessel the preference & my interest here can always command what freight is going... there are but few [articles sent] from your country to this... sixty or eighty tons of oil by a vessel goes off very well and so will 15 or 20 tons of pot ash. Dye wools of all sorts will sell in any quantity... lumber we abound in... NB spermacati oil is always L3 or L4 a ton lower in summer than winter... inclosed [sic] I beg leave to trouble you with three bills of Lading... I would not trouble you in this matter but as it may tend to promote the freight of a vessel of your own should you one day or other have one in trade... I have taken the liberty to trouble you with the consignment... should be glad to have my ship returned to Bristol directly if you can procure a Freight... [we] are quite overstocked with that kind of American lumber & it is become exceedingly cheap and very difficult to dispose of... Hen: Cruger Jr." British trade with the colonies was usually carried on in American-built ships. When ships themselves were the commodity, they were generally built in New England, loaded at a southern port, and then sent to their final destination in England. The two biggest colonial ports before the Revolution were Boston and Philadelphia; each controlled an extended peripheral region. New York controlled the business in that area, including western Connecticut and east New Jersey; Newport controlled Rhode Island; Charleston controlled South Carolina, North Carolina and Georgia. Commerce involved barter, specie transactions, and bills of exchange; credit, however, was the most used form of exchange. The commercial relations of the colonies were greatly restricted by English laws; the colonists often circumvented these laws and carried on business to their best advantage. When England finally decided to enforce the restrictions, the colonists quickly grew angry and resented their loss of autonomy. The letter is in very good condition, with a few holes and tears. The ink, however, is quite dark and the content legible.

      [Bookseller: University Archives ]
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