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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1755


      Venetiis, ex Typographia Balleoniana, Anno 1755. In folio; pp.140. Antiporta e 14 tavole a piena pagina incise in rame di Suor Isabella Piccini. Frontespizio e testo in caratteri neri e rossi. Capilettera e finaletti figurati. Molte pagine con musica. Legatura coeva in pelle, stemma in oro ai piatti incorniciati da ricchi fregi. Lievi tracce d'umido. 4 immagini allegate

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Casella]
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        Discours sur l'origine et les fondemens de l'inegalité parmi les hommes.

      Amsterdam, Marc Michel Rey, 1755. 8vo. Very nice contemporary full mottled calf with richly gilt spine. A bit of wear to capitals, hinges, and corners, Book plate to inside of front board. Title-page printed in red and black, engraved title-vignette, engraved frontispiece (by Eisen, engraved by Sornique), 1 large engraved vignette and a few woodcut vignettes. Minor occasional brownspotting. Overall a very fine copy, with good margins, and printed on good paper. Frontispiece + LXX, (2), 262, (2, -errata & avis au relieur) pp.. First edition, first issue, of one of Rousseau's main works and one of the most important works of political thought in general. The "Discourse on the Origins of Inequality" is considered Rousseau's first important work and the work that lays the foundation for his later thought.The present copy is with all the first issue pointers (e.g. the erroneous spelling of "Jaques", the accent aigu in "conformé" added by hand by M.M. Rey on p. 11) and the three cancels (pp. LXVII-LXVIII, 111-112, and 139-140). According to Tchemerzine, there were copies on thick, heavy paper ("Il existe des ex. en papier fort"), of which this is presumably one. At least the dedication (LXX pp.) in the present copy is printed on very thick paper, whereas the paper of the remaining leaves is a bit less heavy. The present copy has nice, wide margins. According to Dufour there are five counterfeit-editions bearing the same date (they are easily distinguishable from the first issue). Like his "Discourse on the Sciences and Arts " from 1750, the "Discourse on the Origins of Inequality" was written as a response to an essay competition from the Academy of Dijon. This work is thus often referred to as the "Second Discourse". Unlike the first, this did not win him a prize, even though it is was also at the time considered a far more accomplished work and now counts as one of his three main works (together with the "Contract Social" and "Émile"). It is in the present work that Rousseau begins to develop his theories of human social development and moral psychology and it is furthermore this work that for the first time clearly divides him from the Encyclopédiste mainstream of the French Enlightenment. The work is famous for Rousseau's portrayal of a multi-stage evolution of humanity from the most primitive condition to something like a modern complex society, which has gone down in history as one of the most important portrayal of man and society. But furthermore the work is famous for its long preface.When Rousseau had converted to Catholicism, he also lost his rights to the status of Citizen of Geneva. This right was regained in 1754, though, when he reconverted to Calvinism, and a large part of his "Discourse on the Origins of Inequality" consists in a dedication to the state of Geneva. This preface is probably one of the most famous prefaces in the history of modern thought as it constitutes, not only a highly ironical and satirical praise of his birthplace, but also a masterpiece of utopian political thought. Geneva is praised as the good republic worthy of admiration for the stability of its laws and institutions, the common spirit of its inhabitants, the well behaved women that inhabit it, and the good relations with neighbouring states. Not only is this piece of political fiction that provides us with an imminent insight into how a state should ideally be according to Rousseau an ironical description of what Geneva was not, it was also a fierce attack on Paris. Tchemerzine X:32

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Lettre à un amateur de la peinture avec des eclaircissemens historiques sur un cabinet et les auteurs des tableaux qui le composent.

      Ouvrage entremêlé de digressions sur la vie de plusieurs peintres modernes. Dresden, chez G. C. Walther, 1755. 8:o. Grav. front,(2),368,(14) s. Samtida skinnbd med upphöjda bind, rikt guldornerad rygg och röd titeletikett. Röda snitt. Ryggen skadad överst och ngt nött. Spricka i övre delen av främre falsen. Liten fläck i yttermarginlen på s. 115-20. Ljus fläck, som delvis går in i texten, på s. 241-50. Med C. Eichhorns, G. G:son och Folke S:son Wennerbergs exlibris.. Det inledande brevet på s. 1-20 är skriven av Janneck och de omfattande kommentarerna är skrivna av Hagedorn

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Essai de psychologie; ou considerations sur les operations de l'ame, sur l'habitude et sur l'education. Auxquelles on a ajouté des Principes philosophiques sur la cuuse premiere et sur son effet.

      London, 1755. 8vo. Bound in a very nice cont. full mottled calf binding with five raised bands to richly gilt spine. Front hinge a bit weak, upper capital w. minor loss. Internally very nice and clean. LXII, 390 pp.. The rare first edition of Bonnet's important first work on psychology, in which he develops his views regarding the physiological conditions of mental activity and thus anticipates physiological psychology (biological psychology or behavioral neuroscience). Bonnet's movement or "vibration" model, which is presented in the present work for the first time, constitutes a much elaborated model of the internal representation of ideas that Newton had also discussed. His contributions to the field of neuro-psychology were highly original, and his theories which included the idea that the understanding of human (and animal) behavior presupposes knowledge of the nervous system and its functions caused quite a stir at the time of their appearance.With the present work, Bonnet became a pioneer in the study of the physiological bases of behavior, and his theories and experiments on the relationship between psychological and physiological processes were much ahead of his time."Bonnet is considered one of the fathers of modern biology. He is distinguished for both his experimental research and his philosophy, which exerted a profound influence upon the naturalists of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. " (D.S.B. II: 286).After at the age of 26 having discovered the parthenogenesis of the aphid (plant lice), which established virginal generation, having written important works in the field of regeneration of rainwater worms, a groundbreaking work on insectology, which "entitles him consideration as an early exponent of experimental entomology" (D.S.B. II: 286), a work which established him as one of the first naturalists to investigate photosynthesis, and several other works of interest, the Swiss natural historian, biologist and philosopher Charles Bonnet (1720-1793) began concentrating on philosophy and methodology. "A true theoretician of biology, he exercised an enormous influence in this field and maintained a correspondence with almost all the scientists of his time. He published works that caused a considerable stir - among them "Essai de psychologie"..." (D.S.B. II: 286)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Et in eum Ioannis Passeratii praelectiones solennes, sive Commentarii; aliquantum contracti: Iani Broukhusii notae selectae; Notæ selectæ: Joannis Vulpii Antonii Vulpii. 2 vol.

      Patavii (Padua), 1755. Engraved titlepage, (8) + lXVIII + 1290 pp. (paged continuously). Vol. 2 only half-title. Bound in cont. vellum. Red-spotted pageedges.. Excellent and sound edt. on heavy paper. No foxing. Bibl. Britannica, 788

      [Bookseller: Bøger & Kuriosa]
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        The natural history of Norway : containing, a particular and accurate account of the temperature of the air, the different soils, waters, vegetables, meatls, minerals, stones, beasts, birds, and fishes ; together with the dispositions, customs, and manner of living of the inhabitants : interspersed with physiologicalnotes from eminent writers, and transactions of academies. In two parts. Translated from the Danish original of the Right Revd. (...), Bishop of Bergen in Norway, and member of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Copenhagen. Illustrated with copper plates, and a general map of Norway.

      Ldn., Printed for A. Linde. 1755. Folio. Noe senere skinnryggbind med blinddekor og opphøyde ryggbånd. Nyere marmorerte dekler.. Rebacked. Forsterket i indre falser. xxiii, 206; vii, 291, (1), (11) s. Med foldet grensekolorert kart over Norge og kobberstikk i teksten. Folio. Later half calf, spine blindtooled, raised bands. Rebacked with use of old spine and covers. Inner hinges strengthened. xxiii, 206, vii, 291, (1), (11) pp. With folding map of Norway coloured in outline.. Materien ren og fin. Internally very good

      [Bookseller: Damms Antikvariat]
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        Telliamed Ou Entretiens D'Un Philosophe Indien, Avec Un Missionnaire Francois Sur la diminution de la Mer: 2 Vols. in 1; (In French);

      Paris, Chez Duchesne, 1755.. Hardback, recent half-calf with marbled boards, raised bands on spine, pp. viii, 24, j-lxviii, 240, viii, 310, sm. 8vo. (6.5" x 3.75"), some browning of a few pages, old (non-active) worm holes affecting upper margins in first half of vol. 1, otherwise a fine copy.

      [Bookseller: Baldwin's Scientific Books]
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        Le pitture di bologna che nella pretesa, e rimostrata fin'ora da altri maggiore antichita', e impareggiabile eccellenza nella pittura, con manifesta evidenza difatto rendono il passeggiere disingannato, ed istrutto dell'ascoso accademico gelato. quarta edizione con nuova e copiosa aggiunte. in bologna, longhi, 1755.

      Cm. 15,5, pp. (36) 396. Fregio al frontespizio e capolettera istoriati. Leg. coeva in piena pergamena semirigida con titolo ms. al dorso. Esemplare fresco e genuino, in eccellente stato di conservazione. Classico della storiografia artistica bolognese la cui stampa originale risale al 1686.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en général. Traduit de l'anglois.

      A Londres, Chez Fletcher Gyles, dans Holborn, 1755. 12mo (binding ab. 17x10 cm). Bound in a very nice, contemporary full mottled calf binding with five raised bands to richly gilt spine. All edges of boards with a single gilt line-decoration. Beautiful marbled edges. Very neat and professional restorations to hinges and upper capital. A single tiny worm-hole to middle of spine and a supeficial, barely noticeable, crack down the middle. Old paper-label to lower compartment of spine. One corner a bit worn. Small ex libris to inside of front board, ex libris stamp to half-title. Contemporary owner's name crossed out at title-page. Internally exceptionally nice and clean. Small worm-hole to inner margin of about 60 leaves towards the end, only just touching the edge of a very few letters, otherwise not affecting lettering at all. (4), 430, (6, -Table des Chapitres) pp.. The exceedingly rare first edition of one of the most important and influential works of economic literature, as well as being one of the scarcest. The author is considered a pioneer of economic theory who anticipated and influenced the likes of Smith, Malthus, Turgot, Quesnay, Mirabeau, etc., etc. and this, his only published work (!), is considered the first actual work of theoretical economics, an absolutely ground-breaking work which by Jevons was characterized as the "Cradle of Political Economy".Richard Cantillon (1680-1734), though his name is probably of Spanish descent, was an Irishman, and he spent most of his life in France. He was a man of secrecy, and little is known about his life and work. He wrote his only published book, the seminal "Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en Général" between 1730 and 1734 but never saw it published, as he was murdered in 1734 (when he was robbed and his house was set on fire, presumably by his former cook whom he had dismissed ten days earlier), and the book had to await posthumous publication. There is evidence that Cantillon wrote much more than this single work, but the "Essai" seems to be the only one that survived the fire in his house on the night of his death. The work was finally published for the first time in French, anonymously, in 1755, and it is not known whether Cantillon actually wrote the manuscript in French and that the mention of translation on the title-page is false (e.g. to avoid French censorship), or whether he wrote the manuscript in English and translated it into French himself; in all cases, the work circulated in French manuscript form, before it was published, and an English manuscript has never been found. "In any case, the "Essai" is a work of genious, and it was undoubtedly written by Cantillon" (Brewer, p. 19). After having had an immense influence on the Physiocrats and the French School, directly influencing Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot , François Quesnay, Jean-Baptiste Say, Victor de Riquetti marquis de Mirabeau, Adam Smith, etc., the "Essay..." soon sank into obscurity only to be rediscovered by Jevons in the 1880'ies, and throughout the late 19th and the 20th century it has become increasingly evident that the present work is indeed a pioneering work, which directly and indirectly influenced almost all later economic theory. "Richard Cantillon was a key figure in the early development of economics. He was one of the first to see economy as a single inter-connected system and to try to explain how it worked, and the first to present a coherent theory of prices and income distribution. He made major contributions to monetary theory and to the theory of balance of payments adjustment. The Physiocrats, writing only a few years after the (delayed) publication of Cantillon's one surviving work, the "Essai sur la nature du commerce en general", took many of their ideas very directly from it. Adam Smith probably learnt from Cantillon's "Essai" , as well as from the Physiocrats. There is thus a direct line of intellectual descent from Cantillon's "Essai" to Smith's "Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations", and to modern economics." (Brewer, p. 1). "Cantillon predated the Physiocrats in two ways. First, he used the term "entrepreneur" and emphasized the role of this figure in economic life. Business people, Cantillon said commit themselves to definite payments in expectation of uncertain receipts; this risk taking is remunerated by profit, which competition tends to reduce to the normal value of the entrepreneurs' services. Second, writing a generation before Quesnay constructed his "Tableau Economique", Cantillon stated: "Cash is therefore necessary, not only for the Rent of the landlord... but also for the City merchandise consumed in the country... The circulation of this money takes place when the Landlords spend in detail in the City the rents which the farmers have paid them in lump sums, and when the Entrepreneurs of the Cities, Butchers, Bakers, Brewers, etc. collect little by little the same money to buy from the Farmers in lump sums Cattle, Wheat, Barley, etc."Cantillon developed a theory of value and price. His emphasis on the role of land and labor, on supply and demand, and on the fluctuations of price around intrinsic value makes him a direct forerunner of classical economists... Cantillon anticipated classical economic thought in several other ways. For example, he stated, "Men multiply like mice in a barn if they have unlimited Means of Subsistence." The classical economist Thomas Malthus held a similar view. Also, Cantillon analyzed interest as a reward for the risk taken in lending, based on profits that the entrepreneurs can make by borrowing and investing... In addition, Cantillon focused on the productivity of a nation's resources..." (Brue, pp. 59-60).See: Anthony Brewer, Richard Cantillon: Pioneer of Economic Theory, 1992Stanley L. Brue, The Evolution of Economic Thought. Sixth Edition, 2000Kress: 5423; Einaudi: 846

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Das Leben des Herrn von Haller.

      8°. 19 n.n. Bl., 430 S., 1 S. Druckfehler. Mit einer gestochen Titelvignette von Johann Rudolf Holzhalb. Halblederband der Zeit mit rotem, goldgeprägtem Rückenschild und floraler Rückenvergoldung. Goedeke IV/I, 482,3 und IV/I, 22,1Aa. - Haller II, 882 (der selbst Materialien zum Buche lieferte). - Blake 499. - Erste Ausgabe der ersten Biographie. Die erste selbständige schriftstellerische Arbeit von Johann Georg Zimmermann. Seite 418-430 mit einem Verzeichnis der Schriften von Haller. - Fleckenloses Exemplar auf starkem Papier. - Titel mit kleinem Besitzerstempel. Der hübsche Einband mit kleinerem Abriss am oberen Kapital.

      [Bookseller: EOS Buchantiquariat Benz]
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        AVILER, AUGUSTIN CHARLES d'. Dictionnaire d'architecture civile et hydraulique, et des arts qui en dépendent: comme la maçonnerie, la charpenterie, la menuiserie, la serrurerie, le jardinage, &c.

      la construction des ponts & chaussées, des ecluses, & de tous les ouvrages hydrauliques. Ouvrage servant de suite au Cours d'architecture du même auteur. Nouvelle édition corrigée, & considérablement augmentée. Paris, chez C. A. Jombert, 1755. Stor 4:o. XIV,366,(2) s. & 1 tryckt tabell. Samtida ngt nött marmorerat skinnbd med upphöjda bind, rikt guldornerad rygg och brun titeletikett. Röda snitt. Spricka överst i främre ytterfalsen och några maskhål nederst på ryggen. Enstaka spridda lager- och småfläckar. Några sidor lätt bruntonade. Med Åke Setterwalls namnteckning daterad 1939.. Brunet II 540. Komplett. Första separata utgåvan. Boken hade tidigare publicerats som en del av författarens "Cours d'architecture" under titeln "Explication des termes d'architecture."

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Flora Svecica

      Exhibens plantas per Regnum Sveciae crescentes, systematice cum Differentiis... Editio Secunda Aucta et Emendata. Laurentius Salvius, Stockholm 1755. 8:o. (4),XXXII,464,(30) s. + en utvikbar graverad plansch. Något nött samtida skinnband med rikt förgylld rygg, liten insektsskada vid ryggens fot. Planschen klippt i nedre kant utanför plåtkanten. Fuktfläckar i inre marginalen från början till sidan XXVIII, i nedre marginalen sidan 447 till slutet samt i yttre marginalen sista 10 blad. En del gamla bläckanteckningar i texten. Främre pärms spegel med rester av lacksigill samt delvis raderad namnteckning. E. Lundgren 1890 på titelbladets verso. 21 x 13 cm

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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