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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1740

        "Milazzo Olim Mylæ, Munitissimum Siciliæ Castellum Adversus Hispanos, Qui A: 1718. D. 24 Oct..."

      Contemporary hand-coloured engraving, 49x58cm Augsburg c.1740 Milazzo is a town and "commune" in the province of Messina on Sicily, Italy. The print illustrates the battle in 1718 between Spain and Austria which took place in Milazzo.. The decorative view is in excellent condition

      [Bookseller: Kunstantikvariat PAMA AS]
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        La Methode des Fluxions, et des Suites Infinies Par le Chevalier Newton. (Translated by G. Louis Le Clerc, ount de Buffon).

      Paris, De Bure, 1740. 4to. Contemporary half calf, raised bands, richly gilt spine and and red speckled edges. Leather title-label to spine. Corners neatly repaired. Title in red/black. (2), III-XXX, (2) Errata, 148 pp., many diagrams. The "Preface" and the first 18 leaves of the text with a foxing to lower margin and right corners. The "Preface" is an historical account of Newton's method "la sublime méthode", written by Buffon. Without the leaf "Extrait des Registres".. The influential first French edition of Newton's important work, which constitutes the most extensive description of the mathematical method he used in his famous "Principia", the method of infinitesimals, which was already written about 1671, but not published until 1736, i.e. posthumously, with the title "Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series...". In this work "Newton stated clearly the fundamental problem of the calculus: the relation of quantities being given, to find the relation of the fluxions of these, and conversely. In conformity with this problem and the new notation, Newton then gave examples of his method....In this book Newton introduced his characteristic notation and conceptions. He regarded his variable quantities as generated by the continuous motion of points, lines and planes, rather than as aggregates of infinitesimal elements, the view which had appeared in "De analysi"...The rate of generation Newton called a "fluxion", designating it by means of a letter with a dot over it, a "pricked letter", the quantity generates he called a "fluent".( Boyer, The History of the Calculus.).Colson (in his preface to the first edition from 1736) says: "I gladly embraced the opportunity that was put into my hands, of publishing this posthumous work, because I found it had been composed with that view and design. And that my own Country-men might first enjoy the benefit of this publication, I resolved upon giving it an English translation, with some additional remarks of my own, I thought it highly injurious to the memory and reputation of the real Author, as well as invidious to the glory of our own Nation, that so curious and useful a piece should be any longer suppress'd and confined to a few private hands, which ought to be communicated to all the learned World for general Instruction.It was through the French translations of his works that Newton came to play the seminal role as the most important of mathematicians that he did in France, and particularly the years around 1740, when the present work appeared in French for the first time were seminal to the scientific development in France, where the likes of Voltaire had only just made the nation acquinted with the work of the great mathematician. Gray No 236. Babson No 173

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Les facheux, eller de förtretelige.

      Lust-spel uti tre öpningar. Ifrån fransöskan öfwersatt, och förestält på swenska skåde-platzen i Stockholm åhr 1740. Sthlm, L. L. Grefing, 1741. 4:o. 40 s. Elegant rött marokängbd med upphöjda bind och helt guldsnitt samt pärmkanter med förgyllda smala guldlinjer och breda inre denteller (Riviere & son). Bra inlaga.. Klemming Sveriges dramatiska litteratur s. 81. Översatt av C. Knöppel

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        La Figure de la Terre determinée. Par Messieurs de L'Academie Royale des Sciences, qui ont mesuré le Degré du Méridien au Cercle Polaire. (Discours lu dans l'Assemblée publique du 13 Novembre 1737)

      Paris, L'Imprimerie Royale, 1740. 4to. Without wrappers. Extracted from "Mémoires de l'Academie des Sciences. Année 1737". Engraved frontispiece a. titlepage to Année 1737. Pp. 389-469, 1 engraved map (from Torneå to Kittis) and 5 folded engraved plates.. First printing of the official report from the French Academy of the geodetic expedition to Lapland in order to settle the conflict between Earth-elangators and Earth-flatteners, between the French and the British. "Newton had calculated from the Earth's rotational force at the Equator that its equatoeial diameter should exceed its polar diameter by 0.44 per cent, or 27 km (17 miles); similar in Jupiter, rotating more than twice as fast, the disparity of the diameters was shown to be even greater... In France, however, tha Cassinis from geodetic measurements stretching along the meridian at Paris from the Channel to the Pyrennees came to exactly the opposite conclusion - that the polar diameter of the Earth was the greater. After Maupertuis had examined this imcompatibility in 1733, the Academy of Sciences decided that it should be settled by measure of a degree of latitude taken in two widely separated parts of the globe. Maupertuis, with Clairaut, took a party to the Golf ofBothnia. La Condamine, with Bouguer, took another to Peru. maupertuis departed in May 1736 and was absent for a year, only in December (1737) was he able to announce the result that, in accordance with Newton's dynamical theory, the degreee in the far north was loner than that in Paris. More years elepsed before the degreee in Peru was found to be shorter. As Voltaire put in a wrily witty (but un-Baconian) couplet addresseed to Maupertuis:"In tedious deserts you were forced to roam. To find the truth that Newton knew at home." (Rupert Hall "Revolution in Science 1500-1750, pp.351-52).Parkinson "Breakthroughs" 1736-37 E

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Past, Present, and to Come: or, Mother Shipton's Yorkshire Prophecy. Privately preserv'd in the Noble Family of the P--s's for a Long Course of Years, and lately discovered amongst other valuable Manuscripts. Now publish'd by J. Tyrrel, Gent. To which is prefixed, a Short Account of her Life, Character, and other Prophesies, with their Proper Explanations.

      London: Printed for F. Noble, 1740.. First Edition, [22],[2]pp., with the final advert leaf, engraved frontispiece, lightly soiled, disbound."No reference to Mother Shipton prior to 1641 is in existence. It is thus difficult to determine whether this English prophet actually existed as she is represented in folklore, though writings seriously ascribed to her are being reproduced even today. There were several women who claimed to be her, but it is a Yorkshire claimant who has won the title. Mother Shipton was Ursula Southill (or Sowthiel, or Southiel), the incredibly ugly daughter of Agatha Southill, known locally herself as a powerful witch. She is supposed to have been born in a cave at Dropping Well, Knaresborough, Yorkshire, in 1488, and because of her unfortunate appearance and reputed powers, was widely rumoured to be the child of Satan. Sometime about 1512, she married a wealthy builder from York named Tobias Shipton. She soon attained considerable notoriety throughout England as "The Northern Prophetess," and her prognostications received great public attention, were printed in pamphlets, and were widely distributed."-James Randi, An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural, 1995.

      [Bookseller: Forest Books]
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