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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1676

        [Sphinx mystagoga] Athanasii Kircheri è Societ. Jesu, Sphinx Mystagoga, Sive Diatribe Hieroglyphica, Qua Mumiæ, ex Memphiticis Pyramidum adytis erutæ, & non ita pridem in Galliam transmissæ, juxta veterum Hieromystarum mentem, intentionemque, plena fide & exacta exhibetur interpretatio. Ad Inclytos, abstrusiorumque Cognitionum peritia instructissimos Galliæ Philologos directa

      Amsterdam, Janssonius 1676. 38 cm. (16), 72, (6) Seiten und 5 Kupfertafeln (davon 2 in diesem Exemplar zu einer 140 cm lang zusammengesetzt), 6 Textkupfern und zahlreichen Textholzschnitten; Festeinband, Halbpergamenteinband mit Rückentitel - Caillet 5793 - Dünnhaupt 30.2 - Merrill 27 - Waller 19832 - Zweite Ausgabe, im Jahr der Erstausgabe erschienen und mit dieser inhaltsgleich. Klischees antiker Autoren und die Deutung der Hieroglyphen als verschlüsselte Bilderschrift führten zur Erfindung sogenannter Renaissance-Hieroglyphen. Kircher widmete sich auch als Restaurator diesen Zeugnissen altägyptischer Kultur (NDB 11, 642). Die Tafeln zeigen und a. Inschriften auf Mumien, Pyramiden, Obelisken und in Grabkammern. Die mehrfach gefaltete Tafel (ca. 140 cm lang) ist aus 2 Tafeln unterschiedlicher Breite (12 und 7 cm) zusammengesetzt, in anderen Exemplare werder hierfür 2 Kupfer gezählt, Einriß 5 cm restauriert - Sprache / Language: Lateinisch / Latin -

      [Bookseller: Wenner Antiquariat]
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        Catalogus Variorum & Insignium Librorum Instructissimae Bibliothecae...Lazari Seaman, S.T.D

      Quorum Auctio habebitur Londini in aedibus Defuncti in Area & Viculo Warwicensi, Octobris ultimo. Cura Gulielmi Cooper Bibliopolae. 3 p.l., 64, 57-112, 109-128, 131-137 pp. Large 4to, cont. reversed calf (very carefully & sympathetically rebacked & recornered). London: E. Brewster & W. Cooper, 1676. A fine copy of the first English auction catalogue; this is a rare book on the market (and, according to ESTC, not at all common in libraries). "The library sold was that of Lazarus Seaman (d. 1675), Puritan divine and one-time master of Peterhouse; he is today primarily remembered as the owner of the books which furnished the material for the first English book auction. There were 5,571 lots, divided into four sections according to size, each subdivided according to subjects. The sale realized over 700 pounds, the highest price achieved being 8 pounds 2s for St. John Chrysostom's Opera, Paris 1636."-Breslauer & Folter, Bibliography, 74. "The idea of an auction had been suggested to Dr Seaman's executors by Joseph Hill, a presbyterian minister who had left England for Holland in 1662 because of the Act of Uniformity. He was pastor of the Scottish Church at Middelburg, until he was forced to return to England in 1673 during the Anglo-Dutch War. More than twenty years later Edward Millington in a letter of 25 June 1697 about other matters thanked Hill 'for your great Service done to Learning and Learned Men in your first advising and effectually setting on foot that admirable and universally approved way of selling Librarys by Auction amongst us'."-Pollard & Ehrman, p. 234. A fresh and unpressed copy of this book. Armorial bookplate of Philip Yorke, first Earl of Hardwicke (1690-1764), who was Lord Chancellor and a leading politician. .

      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.]
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        Morias enkomion [Greek] Stultitiae laus . .. cum commentariis Ger. Listrii, & figuris Jo.Holbenii. E codice academiae Basiliensis. Accedunt ... vita Erasmi ... vita Holbenii ... et epistolae Erasmi

      Basle: Genathianis 1676 Basle: Genathianis, 1676. First edition with Holbein's illustrations. 8vo. Engraved additional title- page, full-page engraved portraits of Erasmus, Holbein the Elder and Holbein the Younger, engraved transcription of Erasmus' memorial stone, & 81 illustrations (6 mounted and folding), all (with the possible exception of 3 or 4) engraved by Caspar Merian from drawings by Holbein found in Oswald Myconius' copy of the 1515 Froben edition. Contemporary calf, gilt spine with leather label. Slight wear to spine tips, joints starting but solid, covers somewhat darkened, internally fine. Graesse II, 495; Brunet II, 1037

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        Barbados and Jamaica.

      London, 1676. Engraved map with attractive title cartouche and compass rose. Very fresh and fine with only two insignificant spots at top. 20 x 16in

      [Bookseller: Pennymead Books]
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        A Map of New England and New York

      London: Thomas Basset & Richard Chiswell, [circa 1676]. Copper-engraved map, with original outline colour, and the title and margins double-ruled in red, in excellent condition. 17 1/4 x 22 1/4 inches. An extraordinary copy of Speed's map of New England and New York, with magnificent original colour, and with the title and margins double-ruled in red, indicating a noble English provenance This highly decorative map is luxuriously embellished with original colour, and its title and margins are double ruled in red, a magnificent and unique custom generally reserved for special presentation pieces intended for English noble patrons. John Speed, the leading London cartographer of the Baroque period devised his interpretation of the Jansson-Visscher sequence of New England and New York maps shortly after the English managed to definitively supplant the Dutch from control of New York and New Jersey, both provinces being renamed after British places. The major settlements of Boston, New Plymouth (Massachusetts), New York, New Castle (Delaware), New Haven, Stamford (Connecticut), and Ft. Orange (modern Albany) are named; however, this map predates the founding of Philadelphia in 1682. The outline of coastal New England is based on the work of earlier English cartographers, the most prominent being Captain John Smith. Long Island, the Hudson Valley, New Jersey and the Delaware Basin are based on Dutch seacharts. Speed advanced his portrayal of the head of Chesapeake Bay and the delineation of the Susquehanna River from earlier maps in the sequence, taking into account the latest English information. Curiously, the interior of the region outside of the Hudson and Connecticut Valleys is shown to be wildly misunderstood. The native tribes that occupied the interior and the French, who controlled the St. Lawrence Valley (Quebec) to the north, generally did not express pleasure upon encountering foreign explorers, and this ensured that very little information regarding these regions was available to either English or Dutch cartographers. Lake Champlain or the "Lake of Irocoisiensis" is located far to the east of its true location and the delineation of the St. Lawrence River is based on pure speculation. The enigmatic interior is, however, graced by the finely- engraved presence of woodland animals, such as a bear, a deer, an otter and several beavers. The title cartouche in the lower right is elegantly surmounted by the Royal arms of England. Campbell, 'The Jansson-Visscher Maps of New England,' 23, in Tooley, Mapping of America, pp.290-291; McCorkle, Early Printed Maps of New England, 676.6

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
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        Traité de la Lumière. Où sont expliquées les Causes de ce qui luy arrive dans la Reflexion, & dans la Refraction. Et particulierement dans l'etrange Refraction du Cristal d'Islande ... Avec un Discours de la Cause de la Pesanteur.Leyden: Pierre vander Aa, 1690. First edition.

      Huygens' pathbreaking exposition of his wave theory of light. Huygens had developed his theory of light in 1676 and 1677, and completed his Traité de la Lumière in 1678. He read portions of the treatise to the Academy during the following year but left it unpublished, until Newton's <i>Principia</i> (1687) and a visit with Newton in 1689 stimulated him to have it printed at last. "Light, according to Huygens, is an irregular series of shock waves which proceeds with very great, but finite, velocity through the ether. This ether consists of uniformly minute, elastic particles compressed very close together. Light, therefore, is not an actual transference of matter but rather of a 'tendency to move', a serial displacement similar to a collision which proceeds through a row of balls ... Huygens therefore concluded that new wave fronts originate around each particle that is touched by light and extend outward from the particle in the form of hemispheres..." (DSB). Huygens was able to explain reflection and refraction using this theory, of which he became completely convinced in August 6, 1677, when he found that it explained the double refraction in Iceland spar. His view of light was opposed to the corpuscular theory of light advanced by Newton. <br/><br/> In the second part of the work, the <i>Discours de la cause de la pesanteur</i>, written in 1669, Huygens expounded his vortex theory of gravity, a purely mechanistic theory that also contrasted markedly with Newton's notion of a universal attractional force intrinsic to matter. Indeed, Huygens added to the original treatise of 1669 a review of Newton's theory, rejecting it out of hand because of the impossibility of explaining it by any mechanical principle or law of motion. Huygens' work fell into oblivion during the following century, but his theory of light was confirmed at the beginning of the 19th century by Thomas Young, who used it to explain optical interference, and by Jean-Augustin Fresnel a few years later. Modern physics has reconciled Newton's and Huygens' theories in discerning both corpuscular and wave characteristics in the properties of light. <br/><br/> Grolier/Horblit, One Hundred Books Famous in Science 54; Dibner, Heralds of Science 146; Evans, First Editions of Epochal Achievements in the History of Science 32; Sparrow, Milestones of Science 111.. 4to: 199 x 160 mm. Contemporary limp vellum. Front paste down renewed, some browning, in all a very good copy. (8), 124, (2:title), 125-128, (2:index), 129-180 pp. There are two states of the two title leaves: one in which both titles have the author's initials, "C. H. D. Z." (Christian Huygens der Zeelhem); the other in which the author's name is given in full on both titles, "Christian Huygens, Signeur de Zeelhem". There is no priority established between the two states. This copy is with the author's full name given on both titles

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Démonstration touchant le mouvement de la lumière.Paris: Chez Jean Cusson, 7 December 1676. First edition, first issue.

      Very rare first appearance of the discovery of the finite nature of the velocity of light. In 1676 Ole Rømer (1644-1710) made "the first quantitative measurement of the speed of light, having hypothesized the finite velocity from observations of the satellites of Jupiter. The timing of the eclipses of the satellites varies systematically with the relative positions of the earth, sun, and Jupiter; and Römer notices that these variations can be accounted for by the varying distance of travel of the light rays. His calculations both require and, for the remaining doubters, help substantiate the Copernican theory of the earth's revolution around the sun. The measurements indicate that light takes 11 minutes to cross the diameter of the earth's orbit."(Parkinson: Breakthroughs, 116). See also the note for Dibner 146. <br/><br/> Rømer's results were first reported in the <i>Journal des sçavans</i> on 7 December. The original Paris printing in quarto of the <i>Journal des sçavans</i> (as offered here) is highly rare (not to be confused with the common Amsterdam reprint in duodec). <br/><br/> "Römer's greatest work ... grew out of the problem that he had initially considered with Picard, the times of the occultations of the satellites of Jupiter. These measurements were of considerable practical use, since it was recognized soon after the discovery of the Jovian satellites that their frequent occultations- particularly those of the first satellite, Io-by the planet itself represent well-defined moments of celestial time, which may be compared with time at the place of observation to establish geographical longitude. This knowledge was of particular use to mariners, and astronomers began to concern themselves with drawing up ephemerides predicting the times of eclipses at a fixed meridian, for example at Paris or Greenwich. Galileo had attempted to construct such an ephemeris, without notable success, and the task was assigned to the astronomers of the new Paris observatory by Colbert. G. D. Cassini and his nephew Maraldi discovered the first large inequality in the periodic times of the minima, that caused by the eccentricity of the orbit of Jupiter around the sun; their second discovery, announced by Cassini in August 1675, was more interesting, since the inequality seemed to depend on the position of the earth relative to Jupiter.<br/><br/> "Cassini considered, but discarded, the idea that the fluctuation of periodic times might be caused by the finite speed of light; it remained to Römer to demonstrate that such was indeed the case. With rare exceptions, previous astronomers, both ancient and more recent-including Aristotle, Kepler, and Descartes- had held that light propagated itself instantaneously. Galileo, on the other hand, was not only convinced of its finite velocity, but also designed an experiment (although not an adequate one) by which the speed of light might be measured. These divergent views were discussed among the Paris academicians, and were well known to Römer. <br/><br/> "In his observational work Römer noticed that the eclipses of Io occurred at longer intervals as the earth receded from Jupiter, but happened in closer sequence as the earth and that planet came closer together. Beginning from the point at which the earth and Jupiter were closest to each other, Römer tried to predict the time of occurrence of an eclipse of Io at a later date, when the earth and Jupiter had drawn further apart. In September 1676 he announced to the members of the Academy that the eclipse predicted for 9 November of that year would be ten minutes later than the calculations made from previous eclipses would indicate. Observations confirmed his hypothesis, and Römer correctly interpreted this phenomenon as being the result of the finite velocity of light. He was thereupon able to report to the Academy that the speed of light was such as to take twenty-two minutes for light to cross the full diameter of the annual orbit of the earth; in other terms, that the light from the sun would reach earth in eleven minutes (a time interval now measured to be about eight minutes and twenty seconds). The speed of light was thus established scientifically for the first time, with a value of about 140,000 miles per second-a reasonable first approximation to the currently accepted value of 186,282 miles per second." (DSB). <br/><br/> An English translation of the original report from <i>Journal des sçavans</i> was published in the <i>Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society in London</i> on 25 July 1677, but without the famous illustration. The Amsterdam reprint of the 1676 issue of the <i>Journal des sçavans</i> was printed in 1683 and the Rømer report is pp. 276-79.. Offered here is the entire volume of the <i>Journal des sçavans</i> for the year 1676 (no. i-xxii, pp 1-264). Rømer's report is pp 233-236 in the 7. December issue (no. xx) and illustrated with one wood engraving in the text. 4to (221 x 162 mm), contemporary vellum, entirely unrestored, some issues (xiii, xvi, xxi) cropped (the Rømer issue wide margined). Very rare

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Historia belli danici, annis 1643, 1644, 1645 gesti; scripta à Johanne Henrico Boeclero.

      Accesit index cujus institutum epistola ad lectorem operi præmissa exponit. Stockholm, Nicolai Wankijff, 1676. 4:o. (22),+ 580,+ 48,+ (62) s. Titel och dedikation tryckta i rött och svart. Enstaka småfläckar. Välbevarat samtida skinnband, ryggen med upphöjda bind och med blindpressade pärmar, röda och blå snitt. Collijn sp. 97. Warmholtz 4250. Sista blanka bladet saknas. Fint exemplar av första upplagan. En ny, och försämrad, upplaga utkom i Strassburg 1679. Den andra pagineringsföljden innehåller med nytt titelblad fredsfördraget mellan Kristina och Kristian IV 1645, Brömsebrofreden. Detta är Boeclerus huvudarbete i svensk historia och hans främsta prestation som svensk rikshistoriograf. Det utgavs dock postumt av Johan Bergenhielm, som försåg det med fredstraktaten och ett register. Johann Heinrich Boeclerus (1611-72) var tysk historiker och från år 1637 professor i vältalighet i Strassburg. Som sådan introducerade han den unge Schefferus i studiet av klassikerna. Han kallades av drottning Kristina till den skytteanska professuren i Uppsala 1647, men avböjde och rekommenderade istället Schefferus. 1649 kom han ändå till Sverige och Uppsala som professor i vältalighet och 1651 utnämndes han till rikshistoriograf. Han stannade dock endast till 1652, då han återvände till Strassburg och professorsstolen i historia

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Poligraphia Meiningensis, Das ist/ Gründliche Beschreibung/ Der Uhr-alten Stadt Meiningen. Bestehend in dreyen Büchern/ Deren das Erste das Stadt-Buch ... Andere/ das Namens-Buch ... Dritte/ das Jahr-Buch ... / Alles mit sonderbahrem Fleiß zusammen getragen und ausgestellet.

      Mit Kupfertitel. 15 Bll., 434 S., 25 Bll. HLdr. um 1800. Kl.-4°. VD17 39:122563P; Jöcher II, 1256. - Erste Ausgabe. - Etwas gebräunt u. abgegriffen, mit vielen Marginalien, vor-, zwischen- u. nachgebunden sind zahlreiche weitere Notizen zur Meininger Geschichte, beiliegt ein gef. lithogr. Faltplan des Meininger Stadtbrandes v. 1874. - Einband stärker berieben u. bestoßen.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Sphinx Mystagoga, Sive Diatribe Heroglyphica, Qua Mumiae, ex Memphitis Pyramidum adytis erutae, & non ita pridem in Galliam transmissae, juxta veterum Hieromystarum mentem, intentionemque, plena fide & exacta exhibetur INTERPRETATION Ad Inclyctos, abstrusiorumque Cognitionum peritia instrctissimos Galliae Philologos directa.

      Amsterdam, Officina Janssonio-Waesbergiana, 1676. Folio. Contemporary full mottled calf with five raised bands to richly gilt spine. A few larger dampstains to boards, and corners bumped. With the engraved book plate of "Marchion Raymundi Sorbolunghi" to inside of front board. Browned throughout and a dampstain to last half. Woodcut title-vignette, woodcut initials, numerous large (both half and 1/4 page) and smaller woodcut text-illustrations throughout, and 6 engraved text-illustrations (mostly 1/3 page, depicting mummies, mummy-cases, and various scenes). (16), 72, (6) pp. + 5 engraved plates, two of which are engraved, three of which are folded.. The rare (presumed) first edition of Kircher's great work on Egyptian hieroglyphs, one of the earliest attempts to decipher the signs in modern times. Although we now know that his results were wrong, they were believed at the time, Kircher was considered the ultimate authority on hieroglyphic writing, and his works on the subject were greatly influential, not least in creating a strong interest for the Egyptian language and culture, resulting in numerous publications on the subject throughout the 18th century. To a certain extent, it is also Kircher's theories that later generations built upon when attempting to crack the code of the hieroglyphs. According to Graesse, there should have been an earlier edition of the "Sphinx", printed the same year, but in Rome. We have not been able to find any other references to this edition, neither in other bibliographies, nor in library holdings. OCLC merely records copies printed in Amsterdam. In what we may call modern times, Kircher is the third to attempt a deciphering of the hieropglyphic script, the first being Veleriano (with his "Hieroglyphica" of 1556), the second being Mercati (in his 1590 supplement volume to his "Degli Obelischi di Rome"), "but his explanations are worthless. The next scholar who tried to decipher the Egyptian hieroglyphs was Athanasius Kircher (born at Geisa in 1601, died 1680), a German Professor of Mathematics in the Collegio Romano (1635-43). He was a man of untiring energy and vast learning, but many of his writings suggest that he printed the contents of his notebooks without taking the trouble to digest them. He has been called "charlatan" and "impostor" by many writers, but a careful perusal of even what now seem to be his most ridiculous and impossible pronouncements, makes it difficult to believe that he was not sincere. Of course he was an enthusiast, and he held his erroneous views and beliefs with great tenacity. In the matter of Egyptian hieroglyphs it is clear that he thought thtat every character represented an "idea". [...] All his "translations are equally nonsensical, but those who believed that he could read Egyptian hieroglyphs expected him to produce from them mystical and magical information, and, like other blind leaders of the blind, he did what he was wanted to do. He lived in an age of credulity and superstition, and was a product of it. In spite of this, he was a learned man, and there is much interesting information in the six principal works by which he is best known, viz., "Prodromus Coptus", Rome, 1636; "Lingua Aegyptiaca restitute", Rome, 1643; "Obeliscus Pamphilius", Rome, 1650; "Obelischi Aegyptiaci", Rome, 1666; "Sphinx Mystagoga", Amsterdan, 1676; and "Oedipus Aegyptiacus", Amsterdam, 1680". During the XVIIth century Kircher was regarded as a great Egyptologist, and Sir J. Marshall made use of his writings in his "Canon Chronicus", published at Frankfort in 1696.There seems to be no doubt that Kircher's writings gave an impetus to the study of the languages and antiquities of ancient Egypt, and a great many books on these subjects appeared during the XVIIIth century." (Budge, pp. 187-89)".When the German Jesuit Athanasius Kircher arrived in Rome in 1635, his reputation had long preceded him: among the twelve languages he claimed to command he included, uniquely for his time, the ability to read ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. Kircher was furthermore one of the very first to attempt to learn Coptic. He namely claimed that Coptic descended from ancient Egyptian, and thus held the key to the deciphering of the hieroglyphs. Today this theory is Kircher's greatest claim to fame within linguistics and Egyptology, and had he stuck to research of this outline of a solution and not turned to guessing the meaning of the hieroglyphs, he would probably have been celebrated as one of the earliest to contribute significantly to the deciphering of hieroglyphs, rather than a "charlatan" and "impostor". For Kircher was quite correct in surmising that Coptic descended from ancient Egyptian, and he was among the very first scholars to say so. Not only did Kircher excel in his Egyptological "research" and remain satisfied with presenting these to the world with his significant Egyptological publications ("Sphinx" being one of them), he also began an intensive search for the best typography that money could buy. He wanted better fonts, better illustrations, larger formats, and his later publications, like "Shinx", reflect the great success that come of this endeavour.Brunet III:668; Graesse IV:22

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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