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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1788

        Méchanique analitique.

      2 parts. Paris, Chez la Veuve Desaint, Libraire; Philippe-Denys Pierres 1788. With copperengraved vignette. XII + 512 pp. Copy on good paper with a wide margin, weakly browning. Bound in one contemporary full leather binding of marbled calf. Binding nicely restored with a new label.. Grolier/Horlbit 61. Norman 1257.Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736 - 1813), one of the notable French mathematicians of the Revolutionary period, is remembered for his work in the fields of analysis, number theory and mechanics. Like Laplace and Legendre, Lagrange was assisted by d'Alembert, and it was on the recommendation of the latter and the urging of Frederick the Great himself that Lagrange succeeded Euler as the director of mathematics at the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin. The Mécanique analytique which Lagrange had written in Berlin, was published in 1788. In this work, claimed to be the most important on classical mechanics since Newton, Lagrange developed the law of virtual work, from which single principle the whole of solid and fluid mechanics can be derived. The Mécanique analytique summarised all the work done in the field of mechanics since the time of Newton and is notable for its use of the theory of differential equations. With this work Lagrange transformed mechanics into a branch of mathematical analysis. He wrote in the Preface: 'One will not find figures in this work. The methods that I expound require neither constructions, nor geometrical or mechanical arguments, but only algebraic operations, subject to a regular and uniform course.'

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell's Antikvariat]
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        On the Hindu's. [In: Asiatic Researches or, Transaction of the Bengal Asiatic Society].

      (Calcutta, Printed and sold by Manuel Cantopher, and sold at London by P. Elmsly, 1788). 4to. Extracted and bound in a recent vey nice marbled dark blue paper-binding w. matching gilt burgundy leather title-label to front board. A very nice and clean copy. Pp. 415-431. The seminal first edition of this groundbreaking paper which determined the connection between the Indo-European languages and thereby founded comparative philology and Indo-European studies. "This slim paper read to the Bengal Asiatic Society and published in its "Transaction" marks a turning-point in the history of linguistics and signaled the birth of comparative philology." (PMM 235).Sir William Jones (1746-1794) was an English philologist and judge who was stationed in India in 1780. He is the founder of the Asiatic Society and now famous as the discoverer and propounder of the existence of a relationship between the Indo-European languages. As he was stationed in India, he set out to master the ancient Sanskrit language, among other things in order to study native Indian law codes, which were written in this language. Due to his excellent language skills and his already perfect mastering of Greek and Latin, Jones discovered a shocking similarity between the languages in a huge number of words. By this discovery of the connection between Latin, Greek and Sanskrit, Jones had, without realizing it initially, discovered what was to be known as proto-Indo-European, -the lost mother tongue of almost all European, Indian and Russian languages as well as some Middle Eastern ones. And thus, with this breakthrough work, Jones, for the first time in history, presents man with the fact that there exists one single, ancient, prehistoric language that led to the development of numerous languages in Europe, India, Russia and the Middle East. It was to take subsequent scholars almost a decade to uncover what exactly this language was, but because of Jones' founding of comparative philology, the likes of Karl Verner and Jakob Grimm have been able to do this.The passage, for which Jones is most famous comes from the present work and has gone down in history as the single most important passage within the literature pertaining to comparative philology: "The Sanscrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three, without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists; there is a similar reason, though not quite so forcible, for supposing that both the Gothic and the Celtic, though blended with a very different idiom, had the same origin with the Sanscrit; and the old Persian might be added to the same family." With these words, linguistics had witnessed a turning-point that was to change this science for ever and that was furthermore to point in the direction of a future understanding of the common heritage that much of mankind possesses. "In 1786 Jones made his epoch-making discovery between the Sanskrit, Gothic, Greek and Latin languages -to which he later, erroneously, thought he could add Egyptian. His clear understanding of the basic principles of scientific linguistics provided the foundation on which Rask, Bopp and Grimm built the imposing structure of Indo-European studies." (PMM 235)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        La Théorie des Jeux de Hasard; ou, analyse du Krabs, du Passe-dix, de la Roulette, du Trente & Quarante, du Pharaon, du Biribi & du Lotto.

      [No place], 1788. 8vo. Bound in a recent full blue paper binding w. paper title-label to front board. Uncut. A bit of minor soiling to title-page, otherwise nice and clean. 51 pp.. The scarce first edition of this interesting book on games of chance and the theory of probability connected thereto. Huyn's profound study of the possible series and combinations within the mentioned games of cards, roulette, lotto, and various other chance- or hazard-games, is based on mathematical theories of statistics. Among other things Huyn, in the present work, shows that it is impossible to win in uneven games and that all attempts to speculate in these are wrong and prove to be false. As such, "La Théorie de hazard" provides us with an important early contribution to the analysis of chance games and a valuable work of very practical probability theory. The present work stands at the midst of a new scientific approach to games of hazard, which also directly influenced the art and manners of trick-games and tricksters. Apart from the mathematical approach to the subject, Huyn also thoroughly explains the rules of the games and even has observations on the moral aspect of them.The work is very rare and is only found in few copies in libraries world-wide, e.g. only two copies on OCLC. Another edition of the book appeared in 1803, printed in Amsterdam

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        A BIRTH-DAY PRESENT; or, Nine Days Conversation between a Mother and a Daughter, on interesting subjects: for the use of young persons, from ten to fourteen years of age.

      [4], 115 pages. Original quarter sheep over marbled boards. 12mo. in sixes. First edition. Name excised from the head of the title, without loss to text; similarly a piece torn from the front free endpaper; some old worming in blank margins; spine and corners worn; but a very good copy nevertheless of a scarce title. Osborne, page 110, for the second edition of 1789.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Öffentliche Erklärung über seine Verbindung mit dem Illuminatenorden. Nebst beyläufigen Digressionen betreffend Hrn. Johann August Stark und Hrn. Johann Kaspar Lavater.

      174 S., 1 Bl. HLdr. d. Zt. Wolfstieg 42783; Goed. IV/1, 503, 26: "Ernsthaft, mitunter auch ein wenig lustig zu lesen"; Knigge 86.38. - Erste Ausgabe. Wie sich aus bisher unveröffentlichten Briefen ergibt, wurde der Berliner Verleger durch Knigge für die Illuminaten geworben. Der von Nicolai auszugsweise abgedruckte Brief eines ungenannten Autors vom 23. März 1782, der `einige sehr wichtige Papiere zu senden` verspricht, ist von Knigge. - Etwas berieben, oberes Kapital bestoßen.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Tableau général de l'Empire Othoman, divisé en deux parties

      Dont l'une comprend la Législation Mahométane ; l'autre, l'Histoire de l'Empire Othoman, dédié au roi de Suède, par M. de M*** d'Ohsson, chevalier de l'Ordre Royal de Wasa, Secrétaire de S. M. le Roi de Suède, ci-devant son Interprète, et chargé d'affaires à la Cour de Constantinople. Ouvrage enrichi de figures. Tome premier - quatrième, première-second partie. L'Imprimerie de Monsieur, Paris 1788-91. 8:o. Engraved title,(4),xxxviii,(2),435,(3); (4),573; (4),426; (4),413; (4),415-762 pp. + 6 engraved plates, 2 folding. Uncut i contemporary red paper boards. Green title-labels. Some edgewear. Volume I with some paperloss on spine. Some crackinging in paper outer joints but very firm and holding. Occasional light foxing over all nice and clean. One page with tear in lower margin. 22 x 14 cm.. Volume 5-7 issued later

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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