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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1785

        Plate 57 - American Bison or Buffalo (female)

      John James Audubon (1785-1851)Illustrated plate from Viviparous Quadrupeds of North AmericaNew York: 1845-1848Hand colored lithographPaper size 27 ¾” x 21 ½” ; 35” x 41” framedIn the 1830s, as the final plates were being completed for John James Audubon’s monumental Birds of America series, the artist began to gather material for his second and equally ambitious undertaking. Planning to complete the definitive study of American wildlife, Audubon set out to document the animals of North America, and to present them in a format as impressive and sweeping as that he used for his birds. The result of the artist/naturalist’s years of field research, travel, and seemingly endless study was the Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America, the outstanding work on American animals produced in the 19th century. The Quadrupeds, as Audubon envisioned, would complete his record of the animal life of North America. The artist’s enthusiasm at the start of the Quadrupeds was unbounded. In 1840, Audubon wrote to his friend and collaborator John Bachman, “I am growing old, but what of this? My spirits are as enthusiastical as ever, my legs fully able to carry my body for ten years to come…Only think of the quadrupeds of America being presented to the World of Science by Audubon and Bachman.”Despite his newly acquired wealth and celebrity, Audubon insisted on executing many of the preparatory drawings and watercolors personally, enlisting a select few to help. The contributors to the project included Bachman, a Lutheran minister who had been the artist’s closest friend and supporter for many years, who wrote all of the descriptions and acted as a scientific editor for the work. Audubon’s two sons, John Woodhouse and Victor, also took critical roles. With his sons, Audubon traveled through the Eastern woodlands, and through Missouri to the Rocky Mountains. Together they collected and drew specimens along the Mississippi, as well as in coastal regions of Florida and the East Coast.  As Audubon’s health and eyesight began to fail, the help of John Woodhouse and Victor became increasingly crucial to the Quadrupeds, now a family project. Audubon managed to complete seventy seven drawings before failing health kept him from his work. Before he died in 1851, Audubon’s sons managed to solicit some three hundred subscriptions for the Quadrupeds. Together, the three men, along with John Bachman, produced an unequaled record of American wildlife, matching the great combination of art and science attained in the Birds of America. Like that series, the Quadrupeds are wonderfully animated, superbly rendered, and beautifully printed in large format.             

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        An Essay Concerning Human Understanding in Four Books.

      London, John Beecroft, 1785. The Seventeenth edition. Complete in four parts bound in one volume, (2) + IV + (26) + 372 + (16) + 340 + (28) p. Half leather with gilt decorated spine. 21,5 X 14 cm. A nice copy with clean interior

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Röda Rummet AB]
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        Mon bonnet de nuit

      A Neuchatel ; A Lausanne: De l'imprimerie de la société typographique ; chez Jean-Pierre Heubach, 1785. relié. 4 tomes en 4 Vol. pet. in 8 (9,5x17cm). Contrefaçon des éditions originales des deux parties parues respectivement à Neuchâtel puis à Lausanne, les collations sont en effet différentes. Ces contrefaçons apparaissent moins courantes que les véritables originales. Plein Veau blond d'époque. Dos lisse orné de filets. Pièce de titre et de tomaison en veau noir ornés de roulettes. Frottements. Contrairement à cette idée véhiculée et écrite partout (et provoquée par une note éditoriale "pour faire suite au tableau de Paris" ), Mon bonnet de nuit ne constitue en aucune manière une suite au Tableau de Paris. Selon les premières phrases même, Mercier avoue consigner sur le papier tous les soirs ses impressions de la journée ; c'est là le ressort ce cette oeuvre. Mercier y abordera donc, dans des chapitres longs ou courts tous les sujets qui le traversent ; il commence d'ailleurs par L'océan. On y trouvera donc de tout, politique, critique littéraire, billets d'humeur, des dialogues... L'ensemble constituant un kaléidoscope aux mille couleurs, reflet de l'esprit infatigable et curieux de son auteur. - De l'imprimerie de la société typographique ; chez Jean-Pierre Heubach, A Neuchatel ; A Lausanne _1785, 4 tomes en 4 Vol. pet. in 8 (9,5x17cm), iv 360pp. et 357pp. et (2) 360pp. et (4) 347pp., relié. - relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Plate 181 - Golden Eagle from The Birds of America

      John James Audubon (1785-1851)Plate 106 - Great Northern Diver or Loon from The Birds of AmericaLondon: Robert Havell, 1827-1838Hand-colored aquatint and copperplate engraving38 1/2" x 26", 49 1/2" x 37" framedAudubon’s Birds of America is unique in the world of art due to its combination of scientific accuracy and aesthetic appeal. America’s first true naturalist was a self-made man whose life work not only serves as the greatest document of nineteenth-century American natural history, but is also a testament to the creative American spirit.Untutored in either ornithological study or painting, John James Audubon (1785-1851) was motivated from his boyhood by his love of rendering birds in their natural setting. Born in what is now Haiti and raised in France, Audubon arrived in America in 1803 at the age of eighteen. He soon began traveling widely east of the Mississippi, working at various jobs and all the while pursuing his passionate avocation of sketching and observing the habits of birds. His dream was to compile a volume of colored prints depicting in actual size all of the birds of North America. As his portfolio grew, Audubon traveled to Philadelphia, the publishing capital of the young nation at the time. Unable to find financial support and an engraver equal to his task, Audubon sailed to England in 1826 to realize his dream.The first exhibition of the paintings of Audubon, who was encouraged to bill himself as the “American woodsman,” was met with public and critical acclaim in Liverpool, and Audubon gradually gathered financial support for his project. W. H. Lizars of Edinburgh was contracted as Audubon’s engraver, but after completing only ten of the Birds of America plates, Lizars resigned. Robert Havell and Sons of London took over for Lizars in 1827, and they continued to engrave and hand color Audubon’s Birds of America for the next eleven years. Havell completed the Birds of America in the double elephant folio size in 1838. Scholars estimate that only 175 complete folios of all 435 plates were published in all.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        Natural History, General and Particular. Including the History of the Elements, the Planets, the Earth, Mountains, Rivers, Seas, Whirlwinds, Waterspouts, Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Man and Quadrupeds. Nine Volume Set

      London: Strahan & Cadell. G: in Good condition without dust jacket as issued. Some detached boards. Suitable for restoration. Light browning within. 1785. Second Edition. Leather cover. [5000pp.] :: 308 copper engraved plates including Frontispiece, 7 fold out plates ( Elephants teeth and 1 canine genealogical table) 2 maps (Old Continent, Europe & New Continent, Americas ) :: 220mm x 140mm (9" x 6") :: N.B.: Heavy set - shipping supplement applies - please ask for shipping quote stating country of destination .

      [Bookseller: Barter Books Ltd]
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        Album of Peruvian costumes

      An exceedingly rare set of finely executed drawings on Limenian and Peruvian drawings. c1840. N.p. [Lima]. In large 4to. 35 watercolours mounted on old paper on corners. Contemporary calf, boards with interlacing fillet, sympathetically rebacked preserving original spine. The album is in excellent condition, each watercolour on a larger, heavy-laid paper; virtually flawless overall. Although we can´t yet establish the authorship, these exquisite album might well be a compilation done by an Englishman from Fierro´s drawings. Each watercolor is accompanied by a short title in contemporary writing which explains scene portrayed: ?Fresquero, or vendor of iced Drinks?, ?Adjusting the Saya?, ?A baker?, ?Penitente, collecting almas?, ?Llama loden with cheeses from the interior of Peru conducted by an Indian woman?, ?Waterman unloading?, ?A Peruvian horse soldier?, ?General Gran Mariscal Don Agustin Gamarra President of Peru ? a very good likeness?, ?Dulcero or vendor of sweets?, ?Dance of the Country?, ?Lady going to or coming from Amancaso[?] a place much visited in July...?, ?Lady bathing with guide in Chorillos, a small port near Lima?, ?Conducting grass to the city for sale?, ?Man selling ices?, ?Quesera ? Indian woman selling cheese?, ?Saya y manto?, ?Saya desplazada or full saya?, ?Beggar woman?, ?Waterman on his way to the fountain to fill his casks?, ?Belero, or vendor of Candles?, ?Chorillano, native of Chorillas collecting almas for some religious ceremony?, amongst others. One of the drawings represents the General Gran Mariscal Agustín Gamarra Mesia (1785 ? 1841), a Peruvian politician and military, Constitutional President from 1829-1833 and 1840-1841; the drawing mention him as the President, thus the album was surely made during one of both periods as President. Although no signature is found and no attribution is made on the album, the color and the quality of the watercolours is remarkable, surely made by an experienced artist. These albums are vivid testimonies of the absorbing interest of Peruvian costumes at the turn of the 19th century from part of the European population. The birthing nation had long been the strong point of Spanish rule in South America. Often executed by artist-travellers, albums such as this were recurrently broken-up and their parts framed.

      [Bookseller: Hs Rare Books]
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        Memoirs of the Baron de Tott

      on the Turks and the Tartars. Volume I-II. Translated from the French, by an English Gentleman at Paris. Under the immediate Inspection of the Baron. London, J. Jarvis; J. Debrett; T. Becket; J. Sewell 1785. 8:o. xxiv,532;(2),382,(14) s. Contemporary worn full calf, joints partly cracked but still firm and holding. 31,5 x 13,5 cm

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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        AN ACCOUNT OF THE MUSICAL PERFORMANCES IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY, AND THE PANTHEON May 26th, 27th, 29th And June the 3rd and 5th 1784. In Commemoration Of Handel

      London: Printed for the Benefit of the Musical Fund. 1785. First printing. Hardcover. Near Fine. First printing, 1785. Lovely copy in original quarter cream paper spine, marbled boards, printed paper spine label, ownership signature which appears to be 18th C of 'P. V. S. Loveday' on flyleaf, 4to., vii, [1], xvi, 8, *8, 9-20, *19-*24, 21-56, 21, [6], 26-41, [6], 46-90, [5], 94-139, [3], frontispiece plus 7 other plates, collated complete, although plates are not all where the printer's instructions say they should be. A near fine copy, light wear to corners, occasional very light soil and foxing and minor curling to some page edges. With a lovely handwritten note on a slip of paper inserted: 'Dear Sarah and myself were present at these soul- rising musical performances in Westminster Abbey.' A nicer copy cannot be found.

      [Bookseller: Caliban Books ABAA-ILAB]
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        CONSTITUTIONS OF THE SEVERAL INDEPENDENT STATES OF AMERICA; THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE; THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION BETWEEN THE SAID STATES; THE TREATIES BETWEEN HIS MOST CHRISTIAN MAJESTY AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. --AND THE TREATIES BETWEEN THEIR HIGH MIGHTINESSES THE STATES GENERAL OF THE UNITED NETHERLANDS AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

      Boston: Norman & Bowen, 1785. Second Edition. Hardcover. Small dark stain at the bottom of one page, otherwise quite clean. Most of leather lacking from spine; front cover a little loose but holding strong by the cords. Very Good. Duodecimo (4" x 6-7/8") in 4s in contemporary sheep; 28, 5-181, 29 pages. Evans 19306. The second publication in America of the Constitutions after the first printing of only 250 copies in Philadelphia in 1781. Howes (C-716) cites several European printings in the interim. An important and somewhat scarce book. Pencil signature "Ferguson" on front endpaper and title page.

      [Bookseller: Charles Agvent]
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        Essai sur l'Application de l'Analyse a la Probabilité des Décisions Rendues à la Pluralité des Voix."Social Mathematics". Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1785. First edition.

      The first large-scale attempt to apply mathematics to knowledge of human phenomena. "Condorcet's most significant and fruitful endeavor was in a field entirely new at the time. The subject was one that departed from the natural sciences and mathematics but nevertheless showed the way toward a scientific comprehension of human phenomena, taking the empirical approach of natural science as its inspiration and employing mathematics as its tool. Condorcet called this new science "social mathematics". It was apparently intended to comprise, ..., a statistical description of society, a theory of political economy inspired by the Physiocrats, and a combinatorial theory of intellectual processes. The great work on the voting process, published in 1785, is related to the later. Condorcet there sought to construct a scheme for an electoral body the purpose of which would be to determine the truth about a given subject by the process of voting and in which each elector would have the same chance of voicing the truth. Such a scheme was presented exactly like what is today called a model. Its parameters were the number of voters, the majority required, and the probability that any particular vote voices a correct judgment. Condorcet's entire analysis consisted, then, of calculating different variable functions of these structural parameters. Such, for example, was the probability that a decision reached by majority vote might be correct. An interesting complication of the model is introduced by the assumption that individual votes are not mutually independent. For example, the influence of a leader might intervene; or several successive polls are taken, the electors' opinions may change during the voting process. On the other hand, the problem of estimating the various parameters on a statistical basis was brought out by Condorcet, whose treatment foreshadowed very closely that employed by modern users of mathematical models in the social sciences. The mathematical apparatus may be reduced to simple theorems of addition and multiplication of probabilities, to binomial distribution, and to the Bayes-Laplace rule. ... Along the way he encountered a completely different problem, the decomposition and composition of electoral decisions in the form of elementary propositions on which voters pronounce either "Yes" or "No". He then anticipated, without being aware of it, the logical import of this problem, which was the theory of the sixteen binary sentence connectives among which he emphasized the conditional. He showed that a complex questionnaire could be reduced to a sequence of dichotomies and that constraints implicitly contained in the complex questionnaire are equivalent to rejection of certain combinations of "Yes" and "No" in the elementary propositions. This is literally the reduction into normal disjunctive forms as practiced by contemporary logicians. He therefore brought to light, more completely and more systematically than his predecessor Borda, the possible incoherence of collective judgment in the relative ordering of several candidates." (DSB). In his analysis Condorcet described several now famous results, including Condorcet's jury theorem, his voting paradox, and the Condorcet election method. Scarce.. 4to: 255 x 203 mm. Contemporary calf, rebacked. Some light browning to the last 20 pages. (2), CXCI, 304 pp

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        PRIESTLEY (Joseph) Experiments and Observations Relating to Air and Water, pp.279-309, presented within the complete volume of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Vol 75,

      Part I, in one volume for 1785 comprising, viii, 309pp, quarto, with 9 engraved plates mostly extending, strongly sewn but without a binding, with a neat unlinked library name stamp on general title, foot of last leaves and occasionally elsewhere, a good copy, London, Davis, Printer to the Royal Society], 1785. * Priestley's work on Observations on Different Kinds of Air, and pneumatic researches included the isolation and identification of nitric oxide and anhydrous hydrochloric acid gases, and the beginnings of photosynthesis. "Priestley had met Lavoisier during his visit to Paris in 1774, when he exhibited the gas (as yet unidentified) that he extracted from mercuric oxide. Their first clash occurred the following year when Priestley asserted his claim to the discovery of a new gas and set Lavoisier right as to its essential properties. Subsequently, there were minor disagreements, but the confrontation did not become a major one until after the discovery in 1783, by Cavendish and Watt, of the compound nature of water. It was these two discoveries, of oxygen and the composition of water, that formed the experimental basis of Lavoisier's new, oxidation, chemistry; yet Priestley refused to accept Lavoisier's interpretation of either of them. First in papers in the Philosophical Transactions then in privately printed pamphlets, Priestley presented experimental arguments to counter those of Lavoisier and his growing school of disciples. Many of these papers continue and repeat confusions that had dogged Priestley from his earliest experiments on gases: impurities in his reagents, for example, or difficulties produced by gaseous diffusions. Some of the objections that he raised did have merit. Not all acids do contain oxygen, as he demonstrated in the case of hydrochloric acid. Some of Priestley's experiments required the definition of yet another new gas, carbon monoxide, to which he has some claim of discovery." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography, 2008. "Priestley's experiments were carried on at such a prolific rate, that following the paper of 1772, it was decided that he should publish his accounts of them in book form… These works were supplemented by an occasional paper in the Philosophical Transactions (including the Account of Further Observations of Air, in which he announced his discovery of 'dephlogisticated air', later to be defined as oxygen)." [DSB]. The above paper carries on further research into 'dephlogisticated air'. The phlogiston theory holds that all flammable materials contain phlogiston, a substance without color, odor, taste, or mass that is liberated in burning. Once burned, the "dephlogisticated" substance was held to be in its "true" form, the calx. "Phlogisticated" substances are those that contain phlogiston and are "dephlogisticated" when burned. DSB Vol. XI, p. 144. A FULL LIST OF CONTENTS OF THIS VOLUME SENT ON REQUEST. Other papers include: DARWIN (Erasmus) An Account of an Artificial Spring of Water. By Erasmus Darwin, pp.1-7; LIGHTFOOT (John) An Account of an English Bird of the Genus Motacilla, Supposed to be Hitherto Unnoticed by British Ornithologists, pp.8-15; HERSCHEL (William) Catalogue of Double Stars, pp.40-126; AND: On the Construction of the Heavens, pp.213-266.

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        Nouveau recueil de voyages. I-VI.

      Genève., . 1785-86. Leks8vo. Røde, noe senere skinnryggbind med enkel ryggforgylling. (Ca. 1800.). xv, 375, (3) ; (8), 328 ; xii, 380 ; (2), 404 ; (4), 393, (1) ; (49, 303, (1) s. Med tallrike kart og plansjer, hvorav flere er foldet.. Schiötz I s. 300. Schiötz 239 h *. Paul Henric Mallet (1730-1807), var sveitsisk historiker, underviste ved universitetet i København. Blant de tallrike plansjene finnes bl. a. stort håndkolorert kart over Skottland, foldekarter over Russland, Polen, Sverige, foldeplansjer av Trollhättan, Moskva, St. Petersburg, København m. m. Et meget fint sett fullstendig uten pletter

      [Bookseller: Damms Antikvariat]
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        Travels Into Poland, Russia, Sweden and Denmark.

      Interspersed with historical relations and political inquiries. Illustrated with charts and engravings. In two volumes. The second edition. London: Printed for T. Cadell 1785. x,532 pp. + 2 folding maps + 2 folding plans + 6 plates; vi,576 pp. + 2 engravings in the text + 4 plates + 1 folding map (lacking Map of the Southern Provinces of Sweden. Supplied in facsimile) + 6 plans of which 5 are folding. Rebound in half morocco. Signature John Wynch on title and with his book-plate on front paste-downs. Volume I with watersoiling lower outer corner from the beginning to page 170 getting smaller, at it largest barely touching text. 27,5 x 22,5 cm

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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        PRINCIPJ DI ARCHITETTURA CIVILE. (Unito) Indice delle figure relative ai ?Principi di Architettura Civile? di Francesco Milizia....

      In-8 p. (mm. 207x135), 4 voll., p. pelle coeva (dorsi restaurati), sottili cornici dorate ai piatti, decoraz. e tit. oro su due tasselli al dorso. I primi 3 voll., pp. XVI,381; 443; 382; con 1 tabella e 8 tavv. ripieg. f.t., inc. in rame. L?opera è completata da un ?Indice delle figure relative ai "Principi di Architettura Civile" di Francesco Milizia, disegnate ed incise in ventisette tavole da Gio. Battista Cipriani, sanese?, pp. 76, con 27 tavv. a doppia pag., ciasc. con numer. figure. Le illustrazioni sono suddivise in tre parti, corrispondenti alla "bellezza", alla comodità" e alla "solidità", che sono le tre principali divisioni dell'architettura civile secondo il Milizia. Stampata anonima la prima volta a Finale Ligure da De Rossi nel 1781, questa è la "prima edizione veneta" di una delle principali opere del grande scrittore d'arte Francesco Milizia (1725-98). Cfr. Cicognara,566: "Opera piena di critica profondissima, e scritta con libertà di pensare e saper sommo" - Comolli,IV,42: "E' uno dei miglior libri che abbiamo in architettura". Solo i risg. arross., altrimenti bello e fresco esemplare.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        [Tolstadius] Fordom kyrko-herdens, öfwer Jacobi och Johannis församlingar i Stockholm, mag.

      Er. Tolstadii märkwärda lefnads-lopp. Andra uplagan. Sthlm, J. A. Carlbohm, 1785. 8:o. Porträtt,(4),84 s. + Andeliga sånger. Dels författade, dels öfwersedde och til trycket befordrade, af framledne kyrkoherden Tolstadius. Andra uplagan. Sthlm, J. C. Holmberg, 1787. 8:o. 120 s. + TOLSTADIUS, ERIC. Upbyggelige hus-förhör, hållne uti S:t Jacobi och Johannis församlingar i Stockholm, merendels dageligen uti några år för dess saliga hädanskilnad. Tredje uplagan. Sthlm, C. G. Cronland, 1787. 8:o. 88 s. Samtida nött hfrbd med upphöjda bind, guldornerad rygg och titeletikett. Stänkta snitt. Ryggen inklusive etiketten mörknad. Pärmarna med brytmärken. Eftersättsbladet med reva. Enstaka obetydliga småfläckar. Med F. O. Gaddes namnteckning i bläck på främre pärmens insida.. Setterwall 4988 för första arbetet. Den första svenska upplagan utkom 1770 och den tredje 1793. Ytterligare upplagor utkom 1824 och 1841. Arbetet är en förkortad översättning av den i "Nordische Sammlungen" 1761 publicerade Tolstadiusbiografin. Den sammanställdes enligt uppgift av L. Segerholm. Det andra arbetet, "den radikala pietismens sångbok" utkom förmodligen första gången 1733 under titeln "Andeliga wijsor, om hwargehanda materier". Om Eric Tolstadius verkligen sammanställde arbetet är oklart. Denna andra upplaga är bearbetad språkligt, 17 psalmer är uteslutna och en är tillagd. Porträttet av Tolstadius är signerat F. Akrel, men hör egentligen, enligt referenslitteraturen, inte till något av dessa arbeten

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        A Collection and Abridgement of Celebrated Criminal Trials in Scotland, From A.D. 1536, to 1784. With Historical and Critical Remarks. Quarto

      First edition of the first work devoted exclusively to Scots criminal law, collected and examined by Arnot, himself an advocate, with chapters on treason and murder, piracy, incest, adultery, blasphemy and witchcraft, among others. Contemporary 3/4 calf over marbled boards, all edges marbled, a bit rubbed and scraped and unevenly faded, yet an appealing, attractive copy. Printed for the Author; By William Smellie, Edinburgh, 1785.

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Mémoires de chymie.

      Tirés de mémoires de l'Academie royale des sciences de Stockholm, traduits du suédois & de l'allemand. I-II. Dijon, chez l'editeur, Paris chez T. Barrois et Cuchet, 1785. 8:o. (4),VI,269,(3) + (4),VI,232,133-37,238-246 s. & 1 utvikbar grav. plansch. Samtida mörkt brunt hfrbd med guldornerad rygg. Ryggen sannolikt renoverad och guldorneringen fint påbättrad i nyare tid. Pärmhörnen av pergament. Bra inlaga med enstaka småfläckar; dock en inledande fuktfläck i yttermarginalen i del I till s. VI. I samma del några små nagg i övre marginalen på s. 129-31. En mindre reva i yttermarginalen på s. 153 och ett par gamla lagade hörn på s. 213-15 i del II. Bra ex.. Bibliotheca Walleriana 11229. Översatt och försedd med noter av Claudine Poullet Picardet, senare gift med kemisten Guyton de Morveau

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Mémoires pour servir a la connoissance de l'Etat actuel du Royaume de Danemark. Traduits de l'Allemand de Mr. de Schirach & enrichis de plusiers additions & corrections de l'auteur même.

      (No place), 1785. 8vo. Very nice cont. marbled paper binding w. gilt tilte-label and gilt (library) marking (B.UH) to spine. A bit of wear w. minor loss to capitals. An excellent, very nice and clean copy. 183 pp.. The very rare first French edition of this important work on Danish demography and economy. The work is an augmented translation of the second half of "Über das königliche Dänische Indigenatrecht und einige andere Gegenstände der Staatswissenschaft und Geschichte" from 1779, by the same author.The work contains tables that show the current demographical situation in Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Schleswig, Holstein, Oldenburg, and Delmenhorst, as well as the economic situation and development of the Kingdom of Denmark, e.g. an aspect of the trade-relation between the Kingdom of Denmark and that of England from 1698 till 1754. The work is thus highly interesting in several regards. It is one of the earliest works to deal with the question of the right of citizenship in Denmark and an early account and analysis of the economic situation of the country. The work must also be one of the first to seriously treat the demographical aspect of Denmark, as the first census in Denmark took place in 1769, and the second in 1787, being the only conts of the entire population of the Kingdom of Denmark conducted before the 19th century.Gottlob Benedikt von Schirach (1743 - 1804) was the son of the theologist Christian Gottlob Schirach. G.B. Schirach was a German historian and Danish counsellor of legation. He published a number of books within the fields of history and economics, due to which he came to be regarded as one of the most important writers of his time. He founded the journal "Politisches Journal..." in 1781, which became one of the one of the first really important journals of Northern and Middle Germany. Biblotheca Danica I: 739

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Der Hammerfisch.

      Squalus Zygaena. Le Marteau. The Balance Fish. Taf:CXVII. Engraved by Ludewig Schmidth. Drawing by Johan Friedrich August Krüger. Framed. Plate size 23 x 41,5 cm.. From Ichthyologie, ou Histoire Naturelle, Generale et Particulaire. Avec de Figures Enluminées Dessinées d'apres Nature. Chez l'auteur. Berlin 1785-1797

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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        JEMIMA PLACID; or, the Advantage of Good-Nature, exemplified in a variety of Familiar Incidents. Second Edition.

      vii, [1 blank], 9-114 pages [the last three being a book-list]. Wood-engraved frontispiece, and 28 wood-cuts within the text. Original plain sheep-backed boards. One joint cracked, else an excellent copy.By descent from the family, with a note in a descendant's hand loosely laid in.

      [Bookseller: David Miles]
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        Les soirées philosophiques du cuisinier du roi de Prusse

      à Sans-Souci, 1785, in 8°, de 164pp., - relié à la suite : Louis-Sébastien Mercier, La Brouette du vinaigrier, Drame en trois actes. à Londres et se trouve à Paris, 1775, de VIII-103pp., le tout rel. en 1 vol. demi-veau blond époque à coins, dos finement orné d'un pot à l'antique, tr. rouge. Bel exemplaire très frais. Edition originale rare de recueil curieux, sans doute imprimé à Berlin, et plagié sur des textes de Voltaire. On ne sait toujours pas qui était ce pseudo-cuisinier de Frédéric II. Ce recueil divisé en 18 soirées, a tour à tour été attribué à Voltaire, B. Patono, N. de Bonneville, Mirabeau, le Cte Wilhelm Fr. Karl von Schwerin, et d'autres... Les textes empruntés à Voltaire sont : la "Soirée III" reproduit l'article "Liberté de penser" du "Dictionnaire philosophique" ; la "Soirée IV", l'article "Raison" ; la "Soirée V", l'article "Évêque" ; la "Soirée VI", l'article "Baiser" ; la "Soirée VII", l'article "Testicules" ; la "Soirée VIII", l'article "Barbe" ; la "Soirée IX", l'article "Cul" et une partie du "Discours aux Welches" ; la "Soirée X", l'article "Cuissage ou Culage" ; la "Soirée XI", l'article "Verge" ; la "Soirée XII", l'article "Vertu", section 1re ; la "Soirée XV", les articles "Providence" et "Nature" ; la "Soirée XVII", l'article "Guerre" ; la "Soirée XVIII", l'article "Anthropophages" ; la "Soirée XVI", l'Entretien XI de "l'A, B, C, dialogue curieux"... ¶ Bengesco n°2242 "Quelque soit l'auteur des Soirées ... il est permis d'affirmer qu'il a pillé Voltaire sans le moindre scrupule." - Barbier IV, 514 "Composé de divers articles, surtout d'entretiens extraits des oeuvres philosophiques de Voltaire" - Cioranescu XVIIIe n°41984 - Oberlé, Fastes de Bacchus n°380 - Seulement 3 ex. au cat. CCFR (BNF & Arsenal)

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
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        Oeuvres completes de Voltaire 1-92.

      De L`Imprimerie de la Société Littéraire-Typographique 1785-1789. 8:o. Portrait. Contemporary full calf, spine gilt, black labels. Gilt floral line on boards. Gilt edges on boards. Spines worn at head and foot of spine. Joints weak or some starting but still firm and holding. 18 x 11 cm.. A register volume was published in 1801

      [Bookseller: Antiquaria]
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        Almindelig udkast af krigens skueplads, eller geographisk, topographisk og historisk beskrivelse over kongerigerne: Danmark, Norge og Sverrig samt deres tydske provindser, som indledning til kong Fredrik IV krigs-historie, skreve og forsynet med et landkort af Heinrich Otto Scheel /.../ fordansket ved Thomas Thaarup.

      Köpenhamn, August Friderik Stein, 1785. 4:o. (16),+ 656,+ (8) s.+ stor utvikbar grav. karta över Skandinavien. Titelsidan och sidan 1 med graverade vinjetter. Enstaka lagerfläckar, något mer fläckar på s. 593-599. Samtida skinnband, något nött guldornerad rygg med upphöjda bind, pärmar med guldram, gula snitt. Fina brokadpärmpapper. Ur Gustaf d'Albedyhlls bibliotek, med hans exlibris, och ur Ericsbergs, med Carl Jedvard Bondes exlibris klistrat över d'Albedyhlls. Fint exemplar på bättre papper. Bibl. danica III, sp. 277. Setterwall 5176 & 5652. Carlander III, s. 88f. Allt som utkom av detta ambitiösa projekt. Meningen var att det skulle fortsätta fram till stora nordiska kriget, men vid sitt avsked som dansk generalmajor, 1787, måste Scheel (1745-1808) till danska generalstaben lämna ifrån sig alla sina papper och manus, och där lär fortfarande ett manuskript till en fortsättning ligga. d'Albedyhlls exlibris i den större variant 1 med devisen "Mors sine musis vita"

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Liber artificiosus Alphabeti Maioris, oder: neu inventirtes Kunst-Schreib- und Zeichenbuch bestehend in 56 künstlich gravirten Kupferstichen nebst beigefügter Abhandlung der darinn enthaltenen nützlichen und angenehmen Wissenschaften, zum Nutzen und Vergnügen der edlen Jugend in zween Theile vertheilet.

      Mit 55 (statt 56) Kupfertafeln. 2 Bl., 22, 66 S. HPrgt. um 1900. 22 x 34 cm. Ornamentstichsammlung 4925; Thieme-B. XXIV, 416; Bonacini 1169; Doede 213: "Beide Bücher, meist zusammengebunden vorkommend, zeigen neben Schriftbeispielen (darunter zahlreichen Initialen) Silhouetten, Bildnisse, Anatomie, Zeichenschule, Säulenordnungen." - Der Autor war Kunstmaler in Elberfeld und wird in den Bibliographien, Bibliothekskatalogen und in den Angeboten im Handel stets als "Johann Merken" verzeichnet, dem ich in meiner Aufnahme folge. Allerdings scheint mir der nachname "Merk" wahrscheinlicher, denn unter der in der grammatikalischen Form seinerzeit üblichen Autorenbezeichnung auf dem Titel "von Johann Merken, Kunstmalern in Elberfeld", also der Name im Dativ gegeben, mab ein Nominativ "Merk" wahrscheinlich sein. - Es fehlt die Tafel 3. Titel des ersten Teils seitlich etwas gekürzt und tls. hinterlegt, gebräunt, stärker fleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        [Greek title]. Xenophontos Kyrou Anabaseos, Biblia Hepta. Xenophontis de Cyri expeditione libri septem. A Thomas Hutchinson.

      Cantabridgiæ [Cambridge]: Typis Academicis excudebat J. Archdeacon 1785.. Fourth edition thus, 4to, (viii), lix, (i), 598, (2 advertisement) pp. Folding map, inscriptions to front blank, marbled endpapers and edges. Slightly later full russia with gilt borders consisting of rules and two repeated tools, blind stamped central panel with a monogram, CY, in the centre below a stag motif, skilfully rebacked to style, a few minor scuffs to edges otherwise a handsome copy. Vicar of Horsham from 1748, Hutchinson's editions of Cyropaedia and Anabasis first appeared in 1727 and 1735 respectively. The text is printed in Greek with a Latin translation and copious notes.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        Typographical Antiquities: or an Historical Account of the Origin and Progress of Printing in Great Britain and Ireland: Containing Memoirs of our ancient Printers, and a Register of Books printed by them, from [1471] to [1600].

      London: Printed for the Editor, 1785-90.. First edition, 3 volumes, 4to, 3 portraits - two of Ames and one of Caxton, but lacking the 8 plates of specimen type, some light foxing, marbled endpapers, armorial bookplates of Edward Henry Scott, contemporary diced roan, edges and corners a little worn, rebacked in a light calf with red and black labels, a.e.g. Enlarged from the first edition of 1749. "...undoubtedly the foundation of English bibliography..." (DNB).

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        Flora Pedemontana, sive Enumeratio Methodica Stirpium Indigenarum Pedemontii. 3 Tomi. (Vol. 3: Icones accdit explanatio numenclaturae botanicae). + Auctarium ad Floram Pedemontanam, cum notis et emendationibus.

      Augustae Taurinorum (Turin), Ioannes Michael Briolus, 1785 + 1789. Folio. 3 later hvellum in old style w. titles and tomes printed in black on spines. All edges uncut. Title-pages printed in red and black. Large engr. vignette to all three title-pages. Engr. frontispiece-portrait to volume one. (10), XIX, (1), 344; (4), 366, XIV (= Nomina Generum & Vernacula + Errata), (2) (=colophon); (4), XIV pp + 92 beautiful full page engr. HAND-COLOURED plates. Complete w. all three half-titles and all 92 plates in the very scarce coloured state. A very good copy w. some occasional brownspotting and soiling. Last ab. 35 plates w. waterdamage to upper right corner, only on some plates affecting the actual plate, and on these not affcting the image, but merely the plate-numbering in upper right corner. The supplementary "Auctarium" is in 4to and bound in a newer full leather binding w. gilt spine (Henning Jensen). Engr. title-vignette. (4), 53, (1) pp. + 2 folded engr. plates. Complete, nice and clean w. only minor occasional brownspotting.. Scarce first edition of one of the most important Italian floras, here in the EXTREMELY RARE COLOURED STATE, by one of the most important botanists of the 18th century, the Piedmont Linné ("Il Linneo piemontese"), Carlo Allioni (1728-1804). The Piedmontese Flora is Allioni's main work. In the text it describes 2.831 species of Piedmont plants, and the plates depict 92 hitherto unknown or very rare species of plants, many of which have been discovered by Allioni himself or by his illustrator. The 92 beautiful plates are drawn by Francisco Peiroleri and engraved by his son Petrus Peiroleri. The work was more than 25 years on its way, and with its appearance Allioni established his reputation as one of the main botanists of the 18th century.This work is considered one of the most important flower books of Europe and undoubtedly the most important of Piedmont, and it has received worldwide fame as one of the most beautiful and important alpine botanical works. With this work Allioni is the first to organize the flora of Piedmont in a modern system, i.e applying the new principles of nomenclature after the Linnean model, and for this reason he is called the Linné of Piedmont. He actually corresponded much with Linné, who also considered him a reformist botanical writer and even named the New World herb genus Allionia after him.Carlo Allioni was an Italian physician and botanist and is considered one of the greatest experts in scientific botany and medicine in Europe in the 18th century. He was born in Turin in 1728 and finished his medical studies in 1747. He had planned to become a professor of medicine, but decided to devote himself to the study of natural history and became one of the most important botanists of the century. "As a young man of twenty-five, Carlo Allioni made a botanical tour of Piedmont and Savoy, but he was sixty and nearly blind when the "Flora Pedemontana", his most important work, was published. He had been for many years Professor of Botany and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Turin, and was a corresponding associate of learned societies from Spain to Sweden." (Alice M. Coats, The Book of Flowers, 1973. Nr. 80). In the 18th century botanical science underwent somewhat of a rebirth, mainly caused by the writings of Linné. However, Linné was not alone in making his discoveries and systems known and applied, and several important botanists helped pave the way for the taking over of the Linnean nomenclature system. Not only had Linné turned the way of classifying, arranging and naming species upside down, he had also discovered many new species and begun to compile local floras. One of his devoted followers was Allioni, who devoted himself entirely to the new system and became an enthusiastic advocate for it. The Flora Pedemontana, which had been under preparation for about 25 years, when it appeared in 1785, represents the epitome of Allioni's floral studies, and it represents a scientific study of the utmost importance, since it practically applies the new principles of botanical nomenclature.The illustrator, Francesco Peyroleri aus Viù, was a very gifted self-taught botanical painter, who was famous for his artistic abilities as well as his home-made colours that were made from the flowers he knew from the botanical gardens. He was also renowned for his special way of pressing the plants from below on to the humid paper in order to achieve a better sense of relief in the figures. Though he was self-taught, he possessed such skills that he quickly became an authority, whom many others asked for advise, and he was counted as an equal by the masters. "In Allionis "Flora Pedemontana", deren Tafeln er sämtlich gezeichnet hat, wird er nicht selten als Finder oder Entdecker angeführt. Der Stecher dieser Tafeln, Francescos Sohn Pietro Peyroleri, hatte bereits 1755 im Alter von 14 Jahren die Zeichnungen des Vaters für Allionis "Rariorum Pedemontii stirpium specimen primum" vervielfältigt" Seine Ausbildung hatte er dann von Carlo Emanuele Beaumont empfangen, der wie Bartolozzi ein Schüler Joseph Wagners in Venedig war." (Nissen I, p. 154).Together these two major authorities, Allioni and Peiroleri, have made a hugely important and lasting contribution of great beauty to the history of scientific botany, which became a main publication of the Age of Enlightenment. Coloured copies of the work are known to exist, but they are extremely scarce. "The earlier works having plates with an engraved or lithographed outline exist in both hand-coloured and uncoloured states. Sometimes as with Curtius's "Flora Londoniensis", uncoloured states are extremely rare; sometimes, as with Allioni's "Flora Pedemontana", the coloured state is extremely rare." (Sitwell, p. 67).Sitwell p. 69. "92 uncoloured plates by F. Peiroleri, engraved by P. Peiroleri. Coloured copies are extremely rare."Stafleu and Cowan nr. 100 (Flora Pedemontana) + 101 (the Auctuarium). Nr. 100: "The plates (copper engravings) are by Francisco Peyrolery (engraved by Pietro Peyrolery), mostly uncoloured; coloured copies are rare... Becherer (1953) has shown that the 23 specific names marked with a dagger are to be attributed to Allioni and not to Bellardi who had provided information on the relevant species to Allioni but who had not named them."Graesse I:81. "Les exempl. Ornés de planch. Enlum. Sont plus chers (15th. Weigel, sans le suppl.). Pritzel ignorait qu'il en existe" - Pritzel does state: "Florae Pedemontanae exempla tabulis coloratis rarissime occurrunt." (Pritzel p. 4). Nissen, however might be said to ingnore this.Nissen 18. The "Auctuarium" is here wrongly registered by Nissen as containing 80 pp. and 7 plates. Pritzel: 108.Brunet I:190-91. "Les exemplaires avec planches coloriées sont plus chers que les autres."Alice M. Coats, The Book of Flowers, 1973. Nr. 80: The Carline Thistle. The plant, "which is shown here, was distinguished and named by Allioni."The work was reprinted in 2003, in order to coincide with the 80th anniversary of the great botanist (2204)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Flora pedemontana, sive enumeratio methodica stirpium indigenarum pedemontij. augustae taurinorum, excudebat ioannes michael briolus, 1785.

      Tre volumi di in-folio (cm. 43,5), pp. (8) xix (1) 344; (4) 366, xxiv di ""Nomina generum"" + (2) di imprimatur; (4) xiv di ""Iconum Indicatio et Explanatio"" (2) e 92 tavole raffiguranti piante della flora piemontese. Il tutto finemente inciso in rame da Pietro Peiroleri (Ramis per la sola tavola 85) da disegni del padre, Francesco Peiroleri, erborista e illustratore botanico nativo di Viù. Solida ed elegante legatura del tempo (primi '800) in mezza pelle con punte, dorsi lisci con titoli e filetti in oro. Frontespizi in rosso e nero con grande vignetta incisa a soggetto allegorico. Al primo volume, bel ritratto di Vittorio Amedeo III, dedicatario dell'opera, inciso in rame f.t. da Giovan Battista Stagnon. Esemplare genuino, particolarmente marginoso, fresco ed in ottimo stato di conservazione con solo una leggera brunitura limitata al frontespizio del primo volume e qualche segno d'uso alle cuffie. Prima edizione di splendida pubblicazione sulla flora delle montagne e delle vallate del Piemonte descrivente ben 2.814 piante (di cui 2390 fanerogame e 424 crittogame; 237 sono le specie descritte per la prima volta) ed illustrata da 92 tavole botaniche incise in rame di grande bellezza decorativa e importanza scientifica, opera del grande scienziato e botanico Carlo Allioni (Torino, 1728-ivi, 1804), soprannominato ""il Linneo piemontese"". ""... fu professore dell'Università e direttore dell'orto botanico dopo il Donati, ed uno de' benemeriti della Flora Italica... L'opera che gli fece più onore fu la Flora Pedemontana pubblicata nel 1785, della quale i due primi volumi contengono la descrizione di 2800 piante, e l'ultimo dà la figura di 257 specie esattamente disegnate, col luogo della nascita, le qualità del suolo, il nome vernacolo piemontese, e le facoltà medicinali di esse piante"" (Saccardo, ""La botanica in Italia"", I, p.13). ""The botanical garden at Torino holds a collection of about 7500 paintings and drawings of plants, bound in 65 folio volumes. This collection is often cited by Allioni and Colla and contains many of the originals of the illustrations of the works by these authors, in particular of Allioni""s Flora pedemontana. The main artist are: 1741-1766 Francesco Peyrolery, from Viù (Piemont) - Pietro Peyrolery""s drawings for the Flora pedemontana are also probably incorporated"" (Stafleu). Perret, 55: ""Le plus important et le plus bel ouvrage de botanique alpestre, très rare et très recherché"". Pritzel, 108. Nissen, 18. Manno, I, 5233. Brunet, I, 190-191. Graesse, I, 81. Sacheverell Sitwell e Wilfrid Blunt, ""Grandi libri di fiori"", p. 69. Dunthorne, 6. Johnston, 557. Stafleu e Cowan, 100.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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