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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1778

        Encyclopédie ou dictionnaire universel raisonné des connoissances humaines.

      Yverdon, 1778 - Tome VII. Yverdon, 1778. 4°. (4), 28, 4, 3, 15, (3), 14, 4, 8, 4, 4, 16, (2) S. Mit 135 Tafeln (dv. 6 gef.). Lederband der Zeit mit Rückenvergoldung und Rückenschild. Siebter Band der 58-bändigen Enzyklopädie, erschienen in Yverdon mit 12 Berufs- und Handwerksdarstellungen, wie der Schriftsetzer, die Druckerei, das Walzwerk, der Instrumentenbauer, der Maurer, Pferdehaltung und Reiterei, die Marmorverarbeitung, die Papierherstellung und die Schifffahrt. - Einband berieben und bestossen. Sprache: Deutsch / German Lederband der Zeit mit Rückenvergoldung und Rückenschild. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: EOS Buchantiquariat Benz AG]
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        Sammlung der Poetischen und Prosaischen Schriften ausländischer schöner Geister. Die Schriften des Wilhelm[sic!] Shakespear[sic!]. Wilhelm[sic!] Shakespears Schauspiele. Von Joh.[ann] Joach.[im] Eschenburg, Professor am Kollegio Karolino in Braunschweig. Neue verbesserte Auflage [von Gabriel Eckert]. Erster Band [bis Fünfter Band (- Zwanzigster Band)]. Mit Allerhöchstem kaiserlichen Privilegio, und Hoher obrigkeitlicher Erlaubniß. Straßburg, bey Franz Levrault; der königlichen Intendanz und bischöf. Universit. Buchdr. 1778 [(-1780). Band 6 fehlt Titelblatt, Band 7: Straßburg, Levrault 1779, Band 8: Mit allerhöchstem kaiserlichen Privilegio. Mannheim, 1778, Band 9: dito, 1779. Band 10: Straßburg, Levrault 1778, Band 11 fehlt Titelblatt, Band 12: dito, 1779, Band 13: Mannheim 1779, Band 14: Straßburg, Levrault 1779, Bände 15, 16, 17, 18 und 19 : Mannheim, 1779, Band 20: Mannheim, 1780]. Angebunden an den 20. Band: Gabriel Eckert der kuhrf&uum

      [Mannheim], Gegel 1778..

      [Bookseller: Heinrich Heine Antiquariat Lustenberger ]
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        Mémoires de Maximilien de Béthune, Duc de Sully, Principal Ministre de Henri-Le-Grand, Mis en ordre, avec des Remarques, par M. L. D. L. D. L. Tome I - Tome VIII.

      London, 1778. 8 Bde. 447 + 473 + 463 + 456 + 424 + 440 + 405 + 442 S. Ld. der Zeit mit goldgeprägten Rücken. Nouvelle Édition, revue et corrigée in franz. Sprache. Mit zwei Kupferstichen (Henri-Le-Grand und Sully). - Besitzsign. a. Schmutztitel dat. 1796, St. a.T., leicht berieben, leicht fleckig, sehr schöne Exemplare. Versand D: 7,00 EUR Alte Literatur; Franz. Literatur

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Weinek]
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      - (Religión, Orden de Gobierno, Leyes y Costumbres de sus Naturales y Habitantes, Calidades de su Clima, Terreno, Frutos, Plantas y Animales; Estado de su Industria, Artes, Comercio y Navegación). Portada restaurada en margen inferior, sin afectar. (Contiene interesantísimas Descripciones de Virginia, Mariland, Nueva Inglaterra, Nueva York, Nueva Jersey, Pensilvania, Carolina, Georgia, Canadá, Florida, etc. Así como Costumbres y Religión de los Indios, y Plantas del País, así como Manufacturas Comerciales). 1778, Madrid, Antonio Fernández. 8º mayor (20x14 cmts.), 196 pags. Encuad. pergamino original, fatigado. América COLONIAS [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: LIBRERIA ROMO]
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        Eenstydige Danske ords Bemærkelse, oplyst ved Betragtninger og Exempler. Bind 1-3.

      Kiøbenhavn, Trykt paa Gyldendals Forlag, 1778-84. Bind I. 1 stykke i 2 opl. (32) + 98 + (12) + 88 + (10) + (18) + 294 + (1) + (10) + 126 + (16) s. Kobberstukket frontispiece.Kobberstukket vignett på tittelbl. Bind I-II bundet i samt. helskinnbd. med fem opph. bind. Rik ryggdekor i gull. Bind III nært uniformt bundet i samt. skinnbd. og med avvikende gulldekor. Bind I-II med navn på fribl. Bind III med navn på forsats (Sibbern).. Uvanlig komplett

      [Bookseller: Ruuds Antikvariat]
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        Miscellanea Austriaca ad botanicam, chemiam, et historiam naturalem spectantia, cum figuris partim coloratis (Vol. I-II)

      Vienna: ex officina Krausiana, typis J. Gerold (Vol. I), M. A. Schmidt (Vol. II), 1778-1781. First (and Only) Edition. Very Good+. Contemporary Austrian or German half calf, slight variation to decoration of spine, and varying marbled boards, spines gilt panelled, tan calf lettering-pieces; 4to (237 and 234 x 182 mm), 2 volumes; pages untrimmed and almost entirely unopened, with 44 hand-colored engraved plates (5 folding), of plants, plant parts, lichen, one of butterflies and scarabs, by Jakob Adams, probably after the drawings of the various contributors, woodcut title vignettes, head- and tail-pieces. Boards lightly rubbed; corners gently bumped; some light worming at spine tips of Volume II. Textblocks a little foxed; folding plate 20 in Volume I with short marinal tear at fold. An excellent set. Provenance: Unidentified bookplate, a modern copy of Hilprand Brandenburg's bookplate of an angel holding shield; Robert de Belder (his sale, Sotheby's London, 27 April 1987, lot 174); An Important Botanical Library (part I, Christie's New York, 4 June 1997, lot 75). Like its successor, Jacquin's "Collectanea," this semi-periodical publication contains articles by Jacquin and his friends and colleagues, the most important being probably Franz Xavier von Wulfen's "Plantae Rariories Carinthiacae" in Volume II. Similar to the Plesch copy and unlike the Hunt copy, the text paper of this copy is unwatermarked, and the plates are printed on paper watermarked with a shield with fleur-de-lys, countermarked C. & J. Honig. Hunt 655 (imperfect); Nissen BBI 975; Pritzel 4367; Stafleu & Cowan 3248.

      [Bookseller: Sanctuary Books]
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        A Plan of Captain Carvers Travels in the interior Parts of North America

      London:: J. Walter,. 1778.. Very good overall. A seldom-seen map by a British officer, one of the earliest to show "actual results of British exploration of the interior." (Wheat). It was issued with Carver's, "Travels through the Interior Parts of North- America, in the Years 1766, 1767, and 1768", considered one of the earliest and best accounts of the frontier in Minnesota and Wisconsin. "The delineation of the lower St. Peter (Minneosta) River was based on his (Carver's) visit to that region in 1766-67 as the first English- speaking explorer to push beyond the upper Mississipi River valley. The western interior, however, was copied from Bellin's map of 1755, which in turn was derived from the maps of La Verendrye. One innovation introduced by Carver is a dotted line connecting the Mandan River (the Great Bend of the Missouri River) with the imaginary "River of the West," which empties into the Pacific Ocean. This misconception led later American explorers to believe that the Pacific Ocean could be reached by a direct water route." III.i, p. 186-7, Luebke et al, "Mapping the North American Plains", Univ. of Oklahoma, 1987. The map is filled with details and notations such as "Traders go no farther than these falls" and "seldom travel this way except War Parties" and many more. The route of Carver's travels are clearly shown along the Mississippi, Fox, Minnesota and St. Pierre rivers. The map extends from Michigan, here labeled Chipeways and Ottowas Land, to above Lake Superior and west to beyond the Minnesota River. After the French and Indian War the peace settlement gave the British eastern Minnesota, opening the vast territory to their fur traders. Carver spent the winter of 1766-67 with the Sioux on the Minnesota River. He then joined Capt. James Tute's expedition as the mapmaker. Tute's plan was to cross the continent in quest of the Northwest Passage. The plan was not successful but their explorations led Carver to later publish an account of his travels. Carver is credited with traveling farther into the unknown West than any other English explorer before the Revolution. " (Old World Auctions). Image size 13.5x10.5", platemark 1/4" around the printed image plus wide margins on three sides, margin added on right side. Copper engraving, faint outline color. Neat restoration to a gap in the top margin. Old folds. OCLC: 312478177; Rumsey #5915.

      [Bookseller: Antipodean Books, Maps & Prints]
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      Philadelphia, 1778. 12mo. Printed self-wrappers, stitched. Additional stab holes in blank gutter. Light soiling and scattered foxing. Overall very good. Revolutionary War-era Poor Richard's almanac, containing numerous aphorisms, anecdotes, and medicinal recipes. This was evidently printed just before Hall and Sellers would have fled Philadelphia before the advancing British. Woodcuts illustrating the different signs of the zodiac accompany each month of the almanac. The illustration, "The Anatomy of Man's Body, as govern'd by the Twelve Constellations," appears on page [5].

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Candide, ou L`Optimisme, par Mr. de Voltaire. Premiere Partie / Seconde Partie. Edition revue, corrigée & ornée de figures en tailles-douces, dessinées & gravées par Mr.. Daniel Chodowiecky.

      Berlin. chez Chrétien Frédéric Himbourg, 1778. 2 in 1, mit 5 ganzseitigen Kupfern, Vignettten und Schlußstücken, illustriert von Daniel Chodowiecki, kl.8°. 15,3 x 10,1 cm. 188,(2) Bll /108, (1) Bl. Seiten, Leinen der Zeit mit sparsamer Rückenvergoldung, und marmoriertem Schnitt, Hardcover in Leinwand, In gutem Zustand. der Einband leicht berieben, die Ecken bestoßen, der Rücken lichtbedingt entfärbt, der Schnitt teils gebräunt, einzelne Seiten leicht braunfleckig, eine Tafel rückseitig außerhallb der Darstellung im Rand davon mitbetroffen, insgesamt sehr sauber, gedruckt auf gutem Papier, wenige Lagen auf qualitärsmäßig schlechterem Papier gedruckt, mit den bekannten Stichen Chodowieckis. Versand D: 2,95 EUR Sammlerexemplare, Fremdsprachige Bücher, Literatur und Unterhaltung, Literatur bis um 1900, Alte Drucke, Bücher mit Originalgrafik, Illustrierte Bücher

      [Bookseller: Leipziger Antiquariat e. K.]
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        Vom Erkennen und Empfinden der menschlichen Seele. Bemerkungen und Träume.

      Riga, Johann Friedrich Hartknoch, 1778. - (2), 94 SS. Interimsbroschur der Zeit. 8vo. Erste Ausgabe. "Hervorgerufen durch die Preisaufgabe der philosophischen Klasse der Berliner Akademie vom Juni 1773. Da die eingereichte Bearbeitungen des Themas nicht genügten, wurde die Preisverteilung auf das nächste Jahr verschoben. Herder arbeitete die Abhandlung um, aber auch so kam sie nicht einmal in die engere Wahl" (Schulte-S.). - Die Broschur etwas lädiert. Am Innendeckel Vermerk des Erlanger Germanisten Rudolf von Raumer (1815-76): "Dies ist die Editio princeps dieser Herderschen Schrift". Schulte-Strathaus 45, 31 und 30. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Les Vies des Hommes Illustres de Plutarque, Traduites en Francois, avec des Remarques historiques & critiques, par M. Dacier, de l\'Academie Royale des Inscriptions & Belles-Lettres, etc. Tome Premier: Les Vies de Thésée, de Romulus, de Lycurgue, de Numa Pompilius; Tome Second: Les Vies de Solon, de Publicola, de Themistocle, de Camillus, de Périclès, de Fabius Maximus; Tome Troisieme: Les Vies d\'Alcibiade, de Coriolan, de Timoléon, de Paul-Emile, de Pélopidas, de Marcellus; Tome Quatrieme: Les Vies d\'Aristide, de Caton le Censeur, de Philopoemen, de Flaminius, de Pyrrhus, de Marius; Tome Cinquieme: Les Vies de Lysandre, de Sylla, de Cimon, de Lucullus, de Nicias; Tome Sixieme: Les Vies de Crassus, de Sertorius, D´Eumenes, d´Agésilas, de Pompée; Tome Septieme: Les Vies d´Alexandre, de Cesar, de Phocion; Tome Huitieme: Les Vies de Caton d´Utique, d´Agis & Cléomene, de Tiberius & Caius Gracchus, de Démosthene, de Ciceron; Tome Neuvieme: Les Vies de Démétrius, d´Antoine, de Dion, de Brutus; Tome Dixieme: Les Vies d´Artxerce, d´Aratus, de Galba, d´Othon - par Plutarque -, d´Aristippe, traduite du grec de Diogene Laerce, par M. le Fevre, d´Annibal, par M. Dacier; Tome Onzieme: d´Enée, de Tullus Hostilius, d´Aristomene, de Tarquin l\'Ancien, de L. Junius brutus, de Gelon, de Cyrus, de Jason. Traduites de l\'Anglois de Thomas Rowe, par M. l\'Abbé Bellenger; Tome Douzieme: La Table générale des Matieres contenues dans les onze Volumes des Vies de Plutarque, & du Supplément.

      Paris: Chez Nyon ainé, rue Saint-Jean-de-Beauvais, 1778. Nouvelle Edition, revue & corrigée, 12 Bände. 480/516/530/497/439/495/428/520/459/512/432/442 S. 8°, OHalbleder mit goldgeprägtem Lederrückenschild, Einbände leicht berieben, Einbandkanten leicht berieben, Kapitale leicht bestossen, Schnitt leicht verstaubt, innen vereinzelt gering braunfleckig, ansonsten sehr gut.Versand D: 5,00 EUR Antike, Plutarch, Biographien

      [Bookseller: Altstadt-Antiquariat Goslar]
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        Méthode raisonnée pour apprendre à jouer du violon composée par Léopold Mozart. Traduite de l`Allemend en Français par Valentin Roeser. On trouvera à la fin de cette méthode XII Petits duos et un caprice faciles et la portée des commençants

      Paris : Mr. Le Menu, Auteur, Editeur et Md. de Musique de Madame la Dauphine, [ca. 1778]. - 89 S. Gr. Fol. Mod. HLdr. Wie fast immer ohne die 3 Seiten Anhang. Titel staubfleckig, fleckig und mit kl. Randschaden. Am Innensteg oben mit grossem, durchgehenden Wasserfleck (5 Cm), unten wasserfleckig, am Ende werd die Fleck grosser aber das Gedruckte bleibt grossenteils erspart. RISM B VI2, S. 601. Verso Titel 1 S. Sehr seltene und fühe Titelauflage der französischen Erstausgabe (Verlagskatalog verso Titelbl. \"Mmes Le Menu et Boyer\").Versand D: 4,00 EUR illustration, old & rare books, illustration, old & rare books

      [Bookseller: Musikantiquariat Paul van Kuik]
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        The Magdalen Isles in the Gulph of St. Lawrence

      London 1778 - From The Atlantic Neptune. At the close of the French and Indian War, Des Barres, the most noted and skilled producer of coastal charts in late eighteenth-century England, was sent to America by the British Admiralty to survey the coasts of the Maritime Provinces. These provinces, so recently acquired from France, had never been adequately mapped, and using the most advanced hydrographic instruments available, Des Barres spent the next ten years constructing a series of charts of unparalleled accuracy and schematic beauty, of crucial importance for military maneuvers on the Northeast Coast. Ultimately the project was expanded to include the entire Atlantic and gulf coasts of North America. At the outset of the American Revolution, Des Barres was assigned the task of compiling his work -- and that of others surveying the coast and shorelines of North America -- into an atlas that would enable the British Navy and Merchant Marines to navigate safely in North American waters. Des Barres returned to England in 1774 and began to prepare his charts for publication. The collected charts appeared as the Atlantic Neptune, a magnificent work consisting of about 275 views, plans and charts, which is considered the first great marine atlas of the eastern seaboard, and by many the most splendid collection of charts ever published. Each volume was composed of charts selected for a particular purpose or mission and thus, no two sets are identical. Sheet size: 32 1/4 x 23 3/4".

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries of Philadelphia, PA]
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        Éloge de Mr. Alb. Haller, lu dans une assemblée publique de la Société Économique de Berne, le 25 mars 1778. Traduit de l'allemand.

      Berne, Société Typographique, 1778, - in-8vo, frontispice gravé à l'eau-forte par Dunker terminé par Lacroix ?Vue sur les Alpes lointaines? + 2 ff. (titre avec vignette gravée et dédicace) + 84 p., reliure en d.-cuir d'époque, dos richement orné or, pièce de titre cuir, plats couverts de papier dit ?à la colle? Bel exemplaire. Première édition française éditée d'abord en allemand de la même année ?Lobrede auf Hrn. Albert Haller, welche auf Veranstaltung der Löbl. ökonomischen Gesellschafft etc etc? Le poème sur les Alpes fut à tout jamais ?un monument éternel que son auteur a érigé à la gloire de sa patrie? L'ouvrage n'est pas une simple liste des honneurs littéraires ou académiques, il y a aussi qqs anecdotes comme son ?Voyage en Valais en 1757, où il courut un danger imminent, d'être précipité avec son carrosse d'un pont de bois, dans un torrent qui roulait au fond d'un précipice?.Please notify before visiting to see a book. Prices are excl. VAT/TVA (only Switzerland) & postage. [Attributes: Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Harteveld Rare Books Ltd.]
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        Recreations mathematiques et physiques, qui contiennent les Problemes & les Ouestions les plus remarquables, & les plus propres a piquer la curiosite, tant des Mathematiques que de la Physique...Nouvelle edition...

      Jombert Paris 1778 (...totalement refondue & considerablement augmentee. Band 1 - 4 ) ( Erscheinungszeitraum offenbar 1778 - 1790 ). ( Bitte beachten: Leider fehlt in der vorliegenden schönen Reihe jeweils immer offenbar das Titelblatt, es ist immer nur der Vortitel *Recreations Mathematiques et Physiques* mit der jeweiligen Bandzählung enthalten. Die Approbation durch den königlichen Zensor Montucla datiert vom 5. August 1775 ). Band 1 mit 1 Blatt ( Titelblatt fehlt wie in den folgenden Bänden auch - falls dort überhaupt vorhanden - ), XVIII ( Preface ), 1 Blatt ( Approbation ), 464 Seiten und 20 gefalteten Kupfertafeln / Band 2 mit 432 Seiten und 34 gefalteten Kupfertafeln ( hierunter eine Doppeltafel ) / Band 3 mit 463 Seiten und 34 gefalteten Kupfertafeln / Band 4 mit 523 Seiten und 8 gefalteten Kupfertafeln. Jeweils in Ohldr mit goldgeprägtem schmalen Einbandrücken und goldgeprägtem roten Rückenschildchen, 8° ( 20 x 13 cm ). Inhalt: mit u.a. Beiträgen über Mechanik, Optik, Akkustik, Musik, Astronomie, Geographie, Gnomonik, Navigation, Architektur, Feuerwerker, Physik, Elektrizität, Chemie. Einbände etwas berieben, Ecken und Kanten etwas bestoßen. Innen jeweils ein neueres Exlibris auf dem Innendeckel vorn, Vorsätze etwas leimschattig. Wenige Seiten gering fleckig oder stockfleckig, die Tafeln meist sauber und von guter Erhaltung. Mit zusammen 90 in Kupfer gestochenen Tafeln durch Monsieur de la Gardette ( so vollständig ( in Band 3 ist die Tafel 14+15 zur Gnomonik eine Doppeltafel. Abgesehen von dem offenbar fehlenden Titelblatt eine schöne, dekorative Reihe mit allen Kupferstichen. Zusammen 4 Bände. ( Gesamtgewicht ca. 2500 Gramm ) ( Pic erhältlich // webimage available ) ( Lagerort: Richey ) Versandkostenfreie Lieferung Mathematik, Physik, Astronomie, Mechanik, Optik, Recreations, Ozanam, Montucla, Kupferstich, Mechanik, Optik, Akkustik, Musik, Astronomie, Geographie, Gnomonik, Navigation, Architektur, Feuerwerk, Physik, Elektrizität, Chemie

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Friederichsen]
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      York-town, Pa., 1778. Contemporary paper boards, spine with paper loss, front board detached. Contemporary ownership inscription of Solon Stevens on front fly leaf. Light, even toning. Some minor soiling. Very good, in original unsophisticated condition. In a red half morocco and cloth box, spine gilt. This volume of the Journals of Congress is one of the rarest of the series issued from 1774 to 1788, and has a peculiar and romantic publication history. Textually it covers the exciting events of 1776, culminating with the Declaration of Independence on July 4, an early printing of which appears here, as well as all of the other actions of Congress for the year. It is thus a vital document in the history of American independence and the American Revolution. Through the middle of 1777 the printer of the Journals of Congress was Robert Aitken of Philadelphia. In 1777 he published the first issue of the Journals for 1776, under his own imprint. This was completed in the spring or summer. In the fall of 1777 the British campaign under Howe forced the Congress to evacuate Philadelphia, moving first to Lancaster and then to York, Pennsylvania. The fleeing Congress took with it what it could, but, not surprisingly, was unable to remove many copies of its printed Journals, which would have been bulky and difficult to transport. Presumably, any left behind in Philadelphia were destroyed by the British, accounting for the particular scarcity of those volumes today. Among the material evacuated from Philadelphia were the printed sheets of pages 1-424 of the 1776 Journals, printed by Aitken. Having lost many complete copies in Philadelphia, and not having the terminal sheets to make up more copies, Congress resolved to reprint the remainder of the volume. Aitken had not evacuated his equipment, but John Dunlap, the printer of the original Declaration, had. Congress thus appointed Dunlap as the new printer to Congress on May 2, 1778. Dunlap then reprinted the rest of the volume (coming out to a slightly different pagination from Aitken's version). He added to this a new titlepage, under his imprint at York, with a notice on the verso of his appointment as printer to Congress. This presumably came out between his appointment on May 2 and the return of Congress to Philadelphia in July 1778. Because of Dunlap's name on the titlepage, it has often been erroneously assumed that this volume contains a printing of the Declaration of Independence by Dunlap. In fact, that appears in the section of the original Aitken printing. Evans has further muddied the waters by the ghost entry of Evans 15685, ascribing a Dunlap, York printing to 1777. In fact, there is only one Dunlap version, Evans 16137, with the 1778 date. A great Revolutionary rarity.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Miscellaneous Observations relating to Education. More especially, as it respects the conduct of the mind. To which is added, An essay on a course of liberal education for civil and active life.

      Bath: printed by R. Cruttwell for J. Johnson. 1778 xxv, [1] errata, [2] ads, 334, [2]pp ads, half title. 8vo. Contemp. Occasional sl. damp marking, some long & shorthand contemp. annotations. 8vo. Attractively rebound in quarter calf, raised bands, red morocco label, vellum tips. Ownership signature of Rich'd Watson on title. Later inscription on verso of half title: 'Francis Osborne. Presented to me by Dr. Williams' Library London because I gave them some tracts dealing with non-conformists in Devon'.ESTC T39424. First Edition. Advocating the early introduction of science to students. Richard Watson, 1737-1816, was a friend of Priestley; like Priestley, Watson was both a scientist - he was made professor of chemistry at Cambridge University in 1764 - and theologian - he became Bishop of Llandaff in 1782. Dr. Williams' Library is situated at 14 Gordon Square, London. It is considered the pre-eminent research library of English Protestant non-conformity.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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      [Philadelphia, 1778. Old fold lines. Wear at some folds, one repaired on verso with tissue. Contemporary manuscript notations in text, signed by Henry Laurens. Very good. The printed instructions issued by the Continental Congress to privateers during the American Revolution, in this case under the signature of Henry Laurens as President of the Congress. The text of the broadside elaborates eleven articles of instruction for American privateers, private vessels authorized to raid enemy commerce during wartime. These vessels far outnumbered ships of the fledgling American navy, and had a huge effect on the outcome of the war, accounting for the capture of hundreds of British ships and millions of dollars in prize money. In addition to allowing the taking of ships by force of arms, the articles prohibit torture and murder, and indicate that Congress shall dictate disposal of prisoners. The privateering proclamation was first issued in April 1776, with John Hancock's name printed, as President of Congress. This was followed by another issue, which Hancock signed in manuscript. Subsequently the broadside was issued by other presidents of the Congress. South Carolinian Henry Laurens succeeded Hancock as president in November 1777, while the Congress was in York, Pennsylvania, and served through December of the next year. The present broadside, with Laurens' signature, was probably issued in the latter part of 1778, after the American forces had reclaimed Philadelphia from British occupation. John Jay followed Laurens as president, and two issues of the broadside exist with his manuscript signature, dated in 1779. The ESTC notes the four Hancock and Jay issues, and the differences in type settings among them, but the present Laurens issue is unrecorded. It is likely that the broadside was part of the paperwork issued to American privateers to demonstrate that they were authorized by Congress and not simply pirates. This may be why the different issues were actually signed by the President of Congress, in order to demonstrate the validity of the privateers actions. In this regard, interestingly, Laurens has also made two manuscript corrections to the text, changing the phrase "Inhabitants of Great Britain" to "Subjects of the King of Great Britain" in Article I: "You may, by force of arms, attack, subdue, and take all ships and other vessels belonging to the [subjects of the King] of Great Britain, on the High Seas, or between high water and low water marks..."; and inserting the additional condition "or acquitted" in Article V: "You shall keep and preserve every ship or vessel and cargo by you taken, until they shall by sentence of a court properly authorised be adjudged lawful Prize [or acquitted], not selling, spoiling, wasting, or diminishing the same or breaking the bulk thereof, nor suffering any such things to be done." The only known copy of an important broadside, with the signature and corrections of Henry Laurens, illuminating a vital part of the American military effort in the Revolution.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Isole di Majorca, D'Ivica, e di Formentera Di Nuova Projezione.

      Venice: Antonio Zatta 1778 - 31 x 40.5 cm. Original outline colour, with decorative coloured title cartouche to upper right corner. Double page map showing the islands of Ibiza and Majorca, with an inset map of Formentera. Blank on verso. Very good condition.

      [Bookseller: Robert Frew Ltd. ABA ILAB]
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      Paris, 1778. Quarto. Gathered signatures. Outer leaf separated along lower half of spine. Old ink note on titlepage. Light foxing, slight soiling in margins of outer leaves. Overall, very good. In a half morocco and marbled folder within a red morocco and marbled paper slipcase. The official French printing of the first French-American treaty, the first treaty between the United States and any other country, and a decisive moment in the American Revolution. Having struggled to find allies in their fight against England, the fledgling United States achieved recognition from France when news of Burgoyne's defeat reached Paris. In February 1778 the American commissioners, Benjamin Franklin, Arthur Lee, and Silas Deane, negotiated both the treaty of amity and commerce, published herein, and a treaty of military alliance. Because France wished to consult with its ally, Spain, the alliance treaty was not immediately published in France, and probably first appeared in print in Philadelphia; the amity and commerce treaty was published immediately, however, first appearing in this Paris edition. France and the United States grant each other most-favored-nation trade status and agree to protect each others' commercial vessels. Both parties also agree to abstain from fishing in each others' waters, with the United States especially agreeing to refrain from fishing on the banks of Newfoundland. Howes records two Paris editions of 1778: this official twenty-three-page printing, and another of eight pages, both of which appear in the NUC, and OCLC records regional printings in Aix and possibly Grenoble. The NUC locates seven copies of this official royal printing. In twenty-five years, this is only the second copy of this Paris printing that we have handled. A rare edition of a treaty of the greatest importance to the United States, marking its first recognition by another power and the beginning of a relationship crucial to the winning of American independence.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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      Paris, 1778. Thick quarto. Contemporary mottled French calf, spine heavily gilt, gilt leather label. Minor wear to binding. Very minor scattered soiling or foxing. Near fine. The official French printing of the first French-American treaty, the first treaty between the United States and any other country, and a decisive moment in the American Revolution. Having struggled to find allies in their fight against England, the fledgling United States achieved recognition from France when news of Burgoyne's defeat reached Paris. In February 1778 the American commissioners, Benjamin Franklin, Arthur Lee, and Silas Deane, negotiated both the treaty of amity and commerce, published herein, and a treaty of military alliance. Because France wished to consult with its ally, Spain, the alliance treaty was not immediately published in France, and probably first appeared in print in Philadelphia; the amity and commerce treaty was published immediately, however, first appearing in this Paris edition. France and the United States grant each other most-favored-nation trade status and agree to protect each others' commercial vessels. Both parties also agree to abstain from fishing in each others' waters, with the United States especially agreeing to refrain from fishing on the banks of Newfoundland. Howes records two Paris editions of 1778: this official twenty-three-page printing, and another of eight pages. This important treaty is contained in a sammelband with more than two hundred other acts for 1778, touching on law and justice, currency, the press and publishing, religion, provinces, royal and princely estate, hospitals and support, salt, traffic, grain, wine trade, maintenance of roads, ports, etc. Some parts concern the navy, France's colonies, and relations with the United States. These were issued individually, but are bound here with a volume titlepage, as well as an analytic index and an index by date. A veritable treasure trove of French laws and acts, in a handsome contemporary binding.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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      Hartford, 1778. Old fold lines. Light wear and separation at some folds. Corners clipped; some light soiling and foxing. Docketed on verso in a contemporary hand. Very good. In a half morocco and cloth box. This Address to the American people, issued by the Continental Congress on May 7, 1778, was read and heard by much of the colonial American population. This moment, when the country's outlook was at its lowest, is a key point in American history. Congress encourages the American people to take heart, arguing that because the cause is just, and the Americans staunch, the United States will prevail. It is the very pivot of the Revolution. The Address was as widely circulated as other key early texts of the Revolution, appearing in nine different broadside editions in May and June of 1778, making it the most widely circulated Congressional proclamation of the war years after the Declaration of Independence itself. In the Spring of 1778 things were looking especially bleak for the fledgling United States. In the fall of 1777 the British had captured Philadelphia, causing the Congress to flee to York, Pennsylvania; Washington and the Continental Army had spent a harrowing winter at Valley Forge; and, the much awaited French alliance had yet to materialize. When news of Franklin's successful negotiation of the Treaty of Alliance arrived at the beginning of May, Congress swiftly ratified it and issued this Address to the nation telling them to take heart. On May 3, 1778, four days prior to the passage of this Address, Congress had unanimously ratified the French treaty. The Address emphasizes that America had sought compromise "with the Earnestness of humble intreaty," having "supplicated a Redress of our Grievances," but to no avail. Now, in the midst of war, "On one side we behold Fraud and Violence labouring in the Service of Despotism; on the other, Virtue and Fortitude supporting and establishing the Rights of human Nature." After denouncing the actions of the British in America at length, the broadside calls for the "strenuous unremitted Exertions" of the populace, proclaiming that "It hath now become morally certain that if we have courage to persevere, we shall establish our Liberties and Independence." The Address goes on to discuss financial and economic matters, both of the nation and the individuals: "They tell you, it is true, that your money is of no value; and your debts so enormous they can never be paid. But we tell you, that if Britain prosecutes the War another campaign, that single campaign will cost her more than we have hitherto expended....It becomes you deeply to reflect on this subject. Is there a country on earth, which hath such resources for the payment of her debts as America? Such an extensive territory? So fertile, so blessed in its climate and productions? Surely there is none....The sweets of a free commerce with every part of the earth will soon reimburse you for all the losses you have sustained. The full tide of wealth will flow in upon your shores, free from the arbitrary impositions of those, whose interest, and whose declared policy it was to check your growth. Your interests will be fostered and nourished by governments that derive their power from your grant, and will therefore be obliged by the influence of cogent necessity, to exert it in your favor." The broadside closes with this bold statement: "Thus shall the power and happiness of these sovereign free and independent states, founded on the virtue of their citizens, increase, extend and endure, until the Almighty shall blot out all the Empires of the Earth." The broadside is signed in type by Henry Laurens as President of Congress, followed by the resolve that it should be read by all ministers of every faith following church service, in order that it reach as wide an audience as possible. The Address was swiftly circulated and printed in nine separate broadside printings in the two months after its issuance on May 7, 1778. Editions appeared in York and Lancaster in Pennsylvania; Williamsburg, Baltimore, Hartford, Providence, Exeter, and two separate Boston editions. This Hartford printing is known in only one other copy, at the Connecticut Historical Society. All of the other printings of the Address are quite rare as well. Within the months after the issuance of the Address, the fortunes of the United States changed dramatically. On June 18 the British evacuated Philadelphia and were harried across New Jersey by Washington as they retreated to New York. A French fleet appeared off New York on July 11. The Address was not, to paraphrase Churchill, the end of the war, or even the beginning of the end; but it was the end of the beginning. A rare and important broadside, recording a pivotal moment in American history.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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      [New York, 1778. Lower left corner torn, not affecting text. Woodcut of the Royal Arms trimmed away from the top margin. Tanned, a few old stains. Several chips at edges. Several tears and small holes in the text, affecting about a dozen words. A larger tear in the text repaired, with eight words supplied in manuscript. Several early manuscript notes on the recto and verso. Overall, in good condition. In a half morocco slipcase. This broadside represents the last attempt by the British government to conciliate the American colonies and effect a compromise form of government for them. It was issued in New York by the British Peace Commissioners, printed for them by the Tory press of James Rivington. After the British defeat at Saratoga in October 1777, the British government decided to propose peace to the former colonies. Their offer included repeal of all Parliamentary taxation, full amnesty, and an arrangement for home rule within the empire. Through this proposal, the British hoped to bring the wayward colonies back into the fold and avert the French-American alliance they knew was in negotiation. According to diplomatic historian Samuel Flagg Bemis, "the plan seems to have been the first concrete suggestion of the idea of dominion self- government." A peace commission headed by the Earl of Carlisle arrived in Philadelphia in the summer of 1778. Carlisle was accompanied by, among others, William Eden and the famed Scottish Enlightenment philosopher, Adam Ferguson. It soon fell into difficulties when one of the commissioners, George Johnstone, former governor of West Florida, attempted to bribe members of Congress, and the Americans refused to hear the proposals of the Commission. Carlisle removed to New York and replaced Johnstone with Sir Henry Clinton, but no headway was made. The proposals, which might well have been accepted before the Declaration of Independence, were too little too late. In fact, by late 1778 the only terms the Continental Congress was willing to entertain were a complete British evacuation, and American Independence. In a last attempt to gain support, Carlisle issued this broadside on October 3, 1778, appealing directly to the state Assemblies and the American people. The Americans, the text reads, "will do well to recollect, that the grievances, real or supposed, which led them into this rebellion, have been for ever removed, and that the just occasion is arrived for their returning to the class of peaceful citizens." Carlisle goes on to offer a full "pardon" to anyone who, before the date of this proclamation, had committed "treason" against the British Empire. He concludes by offering "to the colonies at large, or separately, a general or separate peace, with the revival of their antient government secured, against any future infringements, and protected for ever from taxation by Great-Britain." Carlisle gave the Americans forty days to accept the terms. They were rejected, and the Commission returned home, abandoning the last attempt at conciliation. This large and impressive broadside was printed by James Rivington, the Tory printer, almost certainly in October 1778. In 1775 anti-British mobs, resentful of Rivington's political allegiances, destroyed his press. Rivington re-opened his shop and remained in New York throughout the Revolution. NAIP and ESTC together locate a total of only eleven copies of this broadside. A very rare and most important Revolutionary broadside, being the last attempt by the British to forge peace in 1778.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Flußbiegung mit links aufragenden Felswänden und zwei großen Laubbäumen rechts, mit figürlicher Staffage.

      - Feder in Grau und Braun, braun und grau laviert, auf Bütten. 22,7:32,8 cm. Mit vereinzelten Stockflecken. Vergleichsliteratur: U. Martens, Landschaftszeichnungen von Emanuel Steiner (1778-1831), in: Zeitschrift für Schweizerische Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte, Bd. 31, 1974, Abb. 9, 10, 17 und 18. Steiner war Schüler von Johann Rudolph Schellenberg (1740-1806), bildete sich 1796-1798 bei dem ebenfalls aus Winterthur stammenden Maler Anton Graff (1736-1813) in Dresden weiter, hielt sich 1803/04 in Rom auf und noch 1804 in Paris. Als Radierer war er Schüler von Georg Christoph Friedrich Oberkogler (1774-1856) in Zürich. Seine Kupferstichsammlung bildet den Grundstock der Sammlung des Graphischen Kabinetts in Winterthur, und bewahrt von ihm selbst zwei Ölgemälde sowie Hunderte von Aquarellen und Zeichnungen.

      [Bookseller: Galerie Joseph Fach GmbH]
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      London, 1778. Near fine. Portrait of Benjamin Franklin engraved by Thomas Hart after the original image by Charles-Nicolas Cochin. The portrait shows Franklin from the chest up, in his famous fur hat and spectacles, facing left, framed by an oval. In his left hand he holds a folded sheet of paper. The original engraving by Cochin merely shows Franklin's head, topped with his famous fur hat, but many imitators embraced this image after its initial publication. Franklin's portrait was created upon his arrival in France as a commissioner from the newly independent United States. Sellers says of the image: "Because of it, the sensational fact of Franklin's arrival in France and the sensational costume which so effectively dramatized his role as envoy from the New World to the Old reached every part of Europe, creating an image of tremendous value to Franklin's purpose." A variant of this iconic and historically important image.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Pensées sur la Tactique, et la Stratégique, Ou vrais principes de la science militaire par le marquis de Silva, officier dans l'état major de l'armée du Roi de Sardaigne / Resp. Considérations sur la guerre de 1769 entre les Russes et les Turcs, Ecrites partie au mois d'octobre, & [et] partie au mois de décembre de cette même année. Nouvelle Edition corrigée, & augmentée de plusieurs notes historiques?.

      Turin [Torino], De l'Imprimerie Royale 1778. - (Zweite umgearbeitete u. erweiterte Auflage). 2 parties en 1 vol. 4° (26.5 x 20.5 cm). 7 Bll., 359+1, 2 Bll., 55+1 SS. Gest. Titelvignette (imperiales Monogrammsignet ?VA? für Victor Amadeus III. [Vittorio Amadeo] in ovaler Kartusche beseitet von Adler und Trophäen), 30 gest Falttafeln i. Anhang / planches gravées / tavole incis. (resp. ripieg. / in rame; cpl.). HLdr. d.Zt. (min. bestossen, Deckel etwas berieben) mit Deckelbezug in gesprenkeltem Kleisterpapier u. mont. Rückenschild. Seiten unterschiedlich leicht gebräunt, nur vereinzelt min. (stock-) fleckig. Letzte Karte (Dnjestr) im Kopf beschnitten mit etwas Titelverlust. Etwas Alters-, Lagerungs- u. Dislokations-, weniger eigentliche Gebrauchsspuren, div. hs. Nummern a. Vorsatzspiegel, Vortitel u. Titel, mehrf. ident. gestempelt (österr. Militärbibliothek). Gesamthaft weitestgehend sauberes, recht gutes Exemplar. OPAC SBN: IT\ICCU\TO0E\068732; BNF (no. FRBNF31367215); vgl. reader digitale-sammlungen de (online). - Stempel (auch alle Tfn. verso) ?Bibliothek K. K. Marine? - Die ?Pensées? erstmals 1768 (Paris, Charles Antoine Jombert libraire du Roi pour le génie & l'artillerie. 294 SS., 12 Tfn.; vgl. OPAC SBN). Deutsche Übersetzung 1780 unter dem Titel ?Gedanken über die Taktik und Strategik, oder wahre Grundsätze der Kriegswissenschaft? (Breslau, Korn; vgl. u.a. SUDOC u. VK GBV). Die ?Considérations? erschienen separat erstmals anonym 1773 (Turin, Les frères Reycends, 85 SS., 3 Tfn.; vgl. Barbier 2790 u. RERO Nr. R003968875 für Réseau vaudois). - In den hier in völlig um- und überarbeiter Form als massgeblicher Ausgabe vorliegenden ?Pensées? präsentiert der Autor seine revidierten und erweiterten Ansichten zur militärischen Strategie und Taktik (?La Stratégie est proprement la science du Général. Elle enseigne à former les projets des opérations, & à bien employer & combiner tous les moyens que lui fournissent les différentes branches de la Tactique?; Avertissement), was er mit den gewonnenen Erfahrungen, Einsichten und Erkenntnissen begründet, die er seit der ersten Publikation (?nullement faites pour être publiées?) gesammelt habe: ?J?ai eu d?ailleurs le tems de recueillir les voix des militaires éclairés, & de savoir ce qu?ils approuvaient ou désapprouvaient dans mon livre; & j?ai en conséquence jugé nécessaire de refondre, pour ainsi dire, l?ouvrage d?une maniere qui pût être agréable & utile à ceux qui s?intéressèrent aux progrès d?une science qui est la seule aujoud?hui, dont les principes trouvent la plus grande peine à s?établir.? (ibid.). - Die Tafeln zeigen Truppenordnungen u. -Aufstellungen, Exerzierübungen und Manövrierbewegungen, Schlachtpläne (Maxen November 1759, Prag Mai 1757, Kolin [?Kollin?] Juni 1757, Leuthen Dezember 1757, Süptitz od. Torgau November 1760, Breslau Nov. 1757, Hochkirch Oktober 1758, Liegnitz [?Lignitz?] od. Panten August 1760), sowie eine Teilkarte des westlichen Piemont (umfassend Ivrea im N, den Zusammenfluss von Dora Baltea und Po O, Turin SSW und Novara W) und eine Karte des Gebietes nördlich des Dnjestr und westlich des Bug [?Bog?] in der Ukraine. - Die ?Considérations? zum Russisch-Türkischen Krieg von 1768-1774 (Russisch-Osmanischer oder Russischer Türkenkrieg) erschienen hier offenbar unverändert (?peuvent reparaître avec bien plus de confiance, & mériter plus d?attention, après avoir été justifiées par l?évenement?; Avertissement aux Considérations). Österreich hatte sich mit der Türkei gegen die russische Besetzung der Moldau und Walachei verbündet (Kinder/Hilgemann, Atlas zur Weltgeschichte, 1, 2. Aufl. 1982, p. 285). Russland konnte jedoch seine Politik der West-Expansion erfolgreich gestalten durch die drei Polnischen Teilungen von 1792, 1793 u. 1795, die Angliederung von Kurland und die Eroberungen in den Türkenkriegen von 1771 ff. und 1787 ff., ?die Russland die ganze Schwarzmeerküste bis zum Dnjestr einbrachten? (Rössler/Franz, Sachwörterbuch zur Deutschen Geschichte, 1958, p. 1079; zu den sog. Türkenkriegen von 1526 bis 1 [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Franz Kühne Antiquariat und Kunsthandel]
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        Commentarius ad Pandectas. In quo praeter Romani Juris principia ac controversias illustriores Jus etiam hodiernum & praecipuae Fori Quaestiones excutiuntur. Editio ultima accuratior.

      apud Fratres De Tournes, Coloniae Allobrogum 1778 - Tagli spruzzati. Margine superiore ridotto. Testatine finalini capilettera ornati. (16) + 792 978 + (158) p. 2 voll 360x230 mm m.perg. con angoli tass. e fregi oro sul dorso

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Giulio Cesare]
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      London, 1778. four joined sheets, with bright period outline wash color. A little browning at joints. Library stamp of "Depot de la Marine" at lower right. Docketed on verso: "N° 128. de la boite / n° 29." / "Virginie, Pennsylvanie / &c. / Par Thos. Hutchins. / 1778. (En Anglais.)." Overall a fine copy. Accompanied by the text of Hutchins' work (see description below). Framed. A remarkable work of American cartography, being both the first true general map of the American Midwest and the first meaningful large-scale depiction of the trans- Appalachian Country. This great map extends from western New York in the northeast, Cape Fear in the southeast, the Wisconsin River in the northwest, to the Arkansas River in the southwest. Thomas Hutchins was a seminal figure in the surveying and mapping of the United States. He began his career as a topographical engineer for the British Army during the French and Indian War. From 1758 to 1777 he served in the newly acquired Ohio Valley, designing the fortifications at Fort Pitt in 1763. In the following year he accompanied Bouquet on his expedition against the western Indians. The result was his map of the country on the Ohio and Muskingum rivers, published in London in 1766. Hutchins was a member of the exploring party sent down the Ohio Valley in 1766 to investigate the territory recently acquired from France, and on this occasion he conducted "the first accurate map, or more properly, hydrographic survey [of the Ohio River]" (Brown). Hutchins was stationed at Fort Chartres on the Illinois bank of the Mississippi from 1768 to 1770. He subsequently went to England, where he compiled this great map from his exhaustive personal surveys, and information gathered from many sources. The depiction of the Ohio immediately below Fort Pitt, for example, seems to be based on a manuscript by John Montresor. Brown notes that its publication in 1778 represented "the culmination of a long career as an engineer and mapmaker in the wilderness of North America." Hutchins returned to America in 1781 and was appointed "Geographer to the United States" by Congress. In 1783 he was a member of the commission that surveyed the Mason- Dixon Line, and in 1785 was appointed by Congress to the commission that surveyed the New York-Massachusetts boundary. Under the Ordinance of 1785 he was placed in charge of the surveying of the public lands in the Northwest Territory. He died in 1789, shortly after completing the survey of the "Seven Ranges" in Ohio. Hutchins is frequently credited with establishing the excellent system under which all of the public lands of the United States were subsequently surveyed and divided into townships, ranges, and sections. His 1778 map was the foundation document for the mapping of the Ohio Valley in the late 18th century. The depiction of the trans-Appalachian region on Thomas Jefferson's famous map in his NOTES ON THE STATE OF VIRGINIA (1787), for example, was taken directly from Hutchins. The map shows the western claims of Virginia and North Carolina based upon their 17th-century royal charters. It is filled with exhaustive data throughout, with a fascinating series of notes or "legends" interspersed among the geographical details. "Illinois Country" is shown between the Illinois and Wabash rivers. Among its other important details, Hutchins' map is one of the only printed maps of the period to show the proposed new colony of Vandalia (here "Indiana"), which was projected to occupy a large portion of the present state of West Virginia. This copy of the map is accompanied by Hutchins' text: A TOPOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION OF VIRGINIA, PENNSYLVANIA, MARYLAND, AND NORTH CAROLINA, COMPREHENDING THE RIVERS OHIO, KENHAWA, SIOTO, CHEROKEE, WABASH, ILLINOIS, MISSISSIPPI, &c.... London. 1778. [2],ii,67pp. plus two folding maps and folding table. Bound in half calf and marbled paper boards. Ex-lib. with perforated stamp on titlepage and a few other minor library marks. The text is here in the first edition, second state, with errors corrected on the titlepage and in the text, and no errata leaf. Of the text Streeter writes: "Hutchins' work is one of the most valuable sources on the West during the British period. It is of particular interest for the Illinois country. The appended journal by Captain Kennedy describes his voyage up the Illinois River to its headwaters during July and August of 1773." Hutchins was the most accomplished geographer in America at the time, and his exact description of the regions west of the Alleghenies was the best available at the time of the Revolution. "[B]y far the best map of the west printed to that time" - Streeter. "The best [colonial] map of the region south of the Great Lakes" - Cumming. A vital American map, and exceptionally rare.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Hierodiakonikon . Printed in Greek

      Venice Antonio Vortoli 1778 - Small-8vo (163x118 mm). 76 p. 2 half-page woodcuts. Some soiling. Old faint stamp on title-page. Contemporary (?) fabric binding, worn.Legrand, Bibl. hellŽnique, ou description raisonnŽe des ouvrages publiŽs par des Grecs au dixhuitime sicle . no. 918, has a similar Hierodiakonikon, but with different printers and collation (71 pages). The only copies I could trace ar Gennadius Library and Harvard/Widener Library. The Hierodiakonikon is the service book for deacons.

      [Bookseller: JDinter]
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      - Jahr : Leipzig: Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf, 1778, 1781, 1784, 1789. Format : Quarto (18.5 x 24 cm / 7.3 x 9.5 inches) - Four volumes in one, Collation Complete: [vol. 1:] 1f. (illus. frontis), xvi, 162 (incl. 4 illus. set within text), 1 f, plus 1 large folding map; [vol. 2:] 1f. (illus. frontis), xxiii, 186 (incl. 4 illus. set within text), 1 f, plus 13 folding plates; [vol. 3:] 1f. (illus. frontis), xx, 184 (incl. 4 illus. set within text), plus 7 folding plates (including the large folding map, Mappa Litho=Hydrographica Nationis Slavicae ad occidentem Solem sitae, which is provided separately from the book; Map for vol. 4 misbound in vol. 3); [vol. 4:] 1f. (illus. frontis), xvi, 91 (incl. 5 illus. set within text), (N.B. large folding map for vol. 4 is misbound in vol. 3); Early 19th Century green mottled half calf with title and tooling in gilt (Very Good condition, some light sporadic browning to some pages, overall internally clean, separately provided map in excellent condition never folded for inclusion in the book; binding with slight wear to extremities). Zusatz: This very rare and magnificent work represents a pioneering scientific study of the most eastern and southern ranges of the Alps, being an anchor work on Slovenia, with coverage extending into Croatia, featuring numerous exquisite illustrations and three large, groundbreaking maps. Belsazar Hacquet (c. 1739 - 1815) was a Franco-Austrian physician and polymath, and one of the great intellectuals of the Enlightenment Era. The work is based on his numerous expeditions conducted while he lived in Carniola (in modern Slovenia) from 1766 to 1787. The work is a brilliant display of Hacquet’s multifaceted and ever curious mind, showcasing the natural science of the region and featuring novel observations and discoveries regarding geology, mineralogy, botany, chemistry, petrology and kartstology. Additionally, Hacquet’s enlightened and sensitive analysis of the ethnography of the Slovenian people, including the use of vernacular language on his maps, contributed to a more sophisticated academic appreciation of Slavic culture in the following generations. The work’s three large, folding maps represent critically important achievements of thematic cartography. Based on the best possible topographic templates, they each feature exceedingly detailed mineralogical information, to the extent that they are sophisticated proto-geological maps, well ahead of their time. They were highly influential to the next generation of geologists, during the first great period of geological cartography. Hacquet’s writing style, in contrast to most scientific books of the era, is engaging, lively and highly readable. Fascinating topics include Hacquet’s attempts to conquer Mount Triglav, the highest peak in the Julian Alps; his numerous impromptu scientific experiments, conducted in the field; an insider’s view of the Idrija mercury mine, profusely illustrated by amazing maps and diagrams by the mining cartographer Jožef Mrak; and a pioneering scientific analysis of the mysterious Karst region, with its enormous caves, subterranean rivers and a lake which mysteriously disappears and reappears without warning. In the context of pre-existing literature, Hacquet’s work was the natural, Enlightenment era corollary to Johann Weikhard Freiherr von Valvasor’sDie Ehre deß Hertzogthums Crain [‘The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola’] (1689), the first great analysis of the natural science and ethnography of the region. However, while Valvasor presented his, often unverified, theories to explain phenomena, Hacquet was able to offer scientific conclusions, predicated on modern knowledge and his own experiments. In terms of contemporary literature, Hacquet’s Oryctographia Carniolica is, along with the great work of his Swiss contemporary, Horace Bénédicte de Saussure’s Voyages dans les Alpes (4 vols, 1779–96), the foundational work on mountaineering and Alpine geology and mineralogy. The scientifi

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
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      [Augsburg, 1778. Trimmed, but not too closely. Small closed tear at top edge of image, barely perceptible. Quite clean. Very good. Portrait of Benjamin Franklin engraved by Johann Martin Will after the original image by Charles-Nicolas Cochin. The portrait shows Franklin standing, wearing a fur hat and spectacles, facing right in three-quarter length profile. In his right hand he holds a folded sheet of paper, while his left hand rests atop another folded sheet on a table; an ink stand, quill, and pen knife are also present, along with wax and a seal. The original engraving by Cochin merely shows Franklin's head, topped with his famous fur hat, but many imitators embraced this image after its initial publication. Franklin's portrait was created upon his arrival in France as a commissioner from the newly independent United States. Sellers says of the image: "Because of it, the sensational fact of Franklin's arrival in France and the sensational costume which so effectively dramatized his role as envoy from the New World to the Old reached every part of Europe, creating an image of tremendous value to Franklin's purpose." A fine variant of this iconic and historically important image.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Calendario universale ecclesiastico e civile perpetuo in cui contiensi con tutta esattezza I. Quanto ricercasi per avere in perpetuo un perfetto calendario secondo la correzione gregoriana.

      Pasquali, Venezia 1778 - In 8, pp. VIII + 255 + (1b) con tavv. astronomiche per ciascun mese dell'anno.ÂMz. pl. coeva con angoli (qualche lieve abrasione al dorso e agli angoli). Bell'esemplare stampato su carta forte di questo calendario perpetuo redatto da Fanello. 'Catalogo di libri rari e preziosi che sono vendibili nel gabinetto di Giuseppe Colbacchini',Âp. 101 'non comune'. Riccardi, Bibliotheca mathematica, p. 444. ITA

      [Bookseller: coenobium libreria antiquaria]
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        Die Kunst Sonnenuhren auf das Papier oder eine Mauer zu zeichnen. Durch Hlfe des jeglichen Orts gew"hnlichen Werkmaaáes, oder auch mittelst des Halbzirkels.

      Augsburg Verlag Matth„us Riegers sel S"hnen ; 1778 - EA; ca 17x11 cm; 45 (3) Seiten mit 7 Kupfertafeln und 7 (plus eine unnummerierte) Tabellen; Halbledereinband mit Rckenschild (Einband leicht berieben und st„rker bestoáen, an den Kapitalen oben und unten rckseitig 2 kleine Fehlstellen des Lederbezugs, Widmung auf Vorsatzblatt; sonst guter Zustand) ANGEBUNDEN: VOCH, Lukas; Untersuchung der wahren und falschen Bauberschl„gen. Nebst einer Anweisung wie sich die Bauenden dargegen sicher stellen k"nnen. Allen Bauherren gewiedmet. (EA); Augsburg, Verlag Matth„us Riegers sel. S"hnen 1778; 68 (2) Seiten. [Pl„doyer fr einen gerechten Kostenvoranschlag und eine faire Planung beim Hausbau - SELTEN) 0,000 gr. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Hilbert Kadgien]
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      Londres [but actually Paris], 1778. 12mo. Contemporary calf, spines gilt. Spines very chipped and worn, hinges cracked. Boards crudely repaired at some corners and edges. Bookplate of James Monroe in front of each volume. Some foxing and dampstaining, but generally clean internally. A good, solid set with an impeccable provenance. In two black half morocco boxes. James Monroe's copy of Sully's MÉMOIRES, which is, in fact, a very free adaptation by "M.L.D.L.D.L." (i.e. Pierre Mathurin de L'Ecluse des Loges). Jefferson and Madison both considered this book required reading for American statesmen. It was included in the list of books that Madison prepared for Congress in 1783, and was "usually included in Jefferson's lists of recommended reading" (Sowerby). Jefferson owned a copy of this same edition, one of several 18th-century reprints of a work first published in 1638, recounting the nation-building of a great French statesman. Jefferson's copy, acquired in 1788, was present when his library was acquired by the Library of Congress in 1815. James Monroe and Thomas Jefferson, who was fifteen years Monroe's senior, enjoyed a lifelong friendship from the time Monroe began his law studies with Jefferson in 1780. Both were Francophiles, and in that regard Monroe may well have surpassed his mentor. A United States minister to France from 1794 to 1796, Monroe championed the French in defiance of his mandate to promote neutrality. No doubt he embraced French history and culture with a similar though less dangerous zeal. This set of books was quite likely one of many works that Monroe acquired during his years in France (1794-97 and 1803). In fact, Monroe began acquiring French books as early as 1784, when Jefferson sold him twenty-five duplicate French titles; the list, preserved in the Jefferson Papers, does not, however, include a copy of Sully. According to the catalogue of Monroe's library reconstructed in 1967 by Gordon W. Jones, French books comprised nearly one-third of Monroe's library, which, according to Monroe's own estimate, approached nearly 3,000 volumes. Based on Monroe's own manuscript catalogue (the library sold at auction in 1849) and a small group of books retained by his descendants, Jones was able to identify a total of some 450 titles, many in multiple volumes - enough to suggest that Monroe's estimate was not exaggerated. Only a tiny portion of Monroe's extensive library has been preserved intact, and copies from the library rarely turn up on the market. As of 1967 the Monroe Memorial Library in Fredericksburg housed some twenty-eight titles in fifty volumes. These are known to have belonged to Monroe because they descended through the family; most, according to Jones, do not have Monroe's bookplate. Only two other books belonging to Monroe are located by Jones, both in the Alderman Library at the University of Virginia. Doubtless other works are scattered throughout various other public and private collections, but the general lack of a bookplate makes these nearly impossible to identify. All of which makes this 18th-century edition of a classic French historical text, complete with Monroe's bookplate in all eight volumes, a welcome artifact that exemplifies Monroe's library and evokes Thomas Jefferson's early influence on James Monroe as a book collector, and recalls the future president's experience as a young diplomat in the service of an infant republic. Several books from Monroe's library have appeared recently at auction. His copy of Necker's DE L'ADMINISTRATION DES FINANCES DE LA FRANCE, 1784, complete in three volumes with his bookplate, sold for $18,750 at Christie, Dec. 3, 2007, while a single volume of a seven-volume set of Linnaeus, also with his bookplate, sold for $12,500 at Christie's on June 12, 2008. In the December 2007 sale Jefferson's set of this same edition of Sully sold for $43,000.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        At a General Assembly Begun and Held at the Capitol, in the City of Williamsburg, on Monday, the Fourth day of May, in the Year of Our Lord, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy Eight

      Alexander Purdie, Williamsburg 1778 - 15pp. Bound to style in antique three quarter calf and marbled boards, gilt,leather label. Moderate foxing and toning, contemporary notation on verso of last leaf Revolutionary Laws of Virginia An important and very rare revolutionary-era publication of Virginia session laws, with much content regarding the American revolutionary army. The first act seeks to raise troops for the "Grand Army" of Virginia, beginning: "Whereas it is of the greatest importance to the interest and freedom of America that a speedy reinforcement should be sent out of this commonwealth to his Excellency General Washington, to render the operations of the present campaign more decisive and honourable to the American arms." Other acts call for raising a cavalry regiment, an infantry battalion, and an important act "for recruiting the Continental Army." "The raising of a sufficient number of troops to serve in the war never ceased to be a serious problem for the Commonwealth. At this session the General Assembly passed an act to raise an additional two thousand men, inducing them to volunteer with offers of money and a complete uniform" - Berg. Very rare, with ESTC reporting only three copies: at the University of Virginia, the Library of Virginia, and Oxford University. The press would soon end in Williamsburg, as the government fled west to escape the British in 1779. Berg 264; ESTC W479278. Evans 16153; Swem 7094. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA)]
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        Versuch über die Naturgeschichte des Maulwurfes und die Anwendung verschiedener Mittel ihn zu vertilgen. mit Kupfern. Durch Hrn. de la Faille, der kaiserl. franciscischen Akademie der Wißenschaften und schönen Künste zu Augsburg, der königl. und kurfürstl. Societät zu Lünneburg, der ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Bern, . Aus dem Französischen übersetzt, und mit wichtigen Zusätzen vermehret von J. P. E. z. K. [Johann Peter Eichhof].

      in der Fleischerischen Buchhandlung, Frankfurt und Leipzig, 1778 - Frankfurt und Leipzig, in der Fleischerischen Buchhandlung 1778. 17,5 x 11 cm. [4] Bl., 102 S., 2 num., gefaltete Kupfertafeln, [1] weißes Bl. Zeitgenössisches Halbleder mit Rückentitel und dezenter Rückenvergoldung. Einband berieben. Titelblatt mit Spuren eines Stempels. Tafeln II kopfstehend eingebunden. VD18 10680527-005. Hamberger/Meusel 2, S. 172. Fromm 13726. Selten, nicht in Nissen, ZBI. Die Kupfer zeigen den "Kanadischen Maulwurf" und verschiedene Maulwurfsfallen. Mit gedruckter Widmung an Johann Wilhelm Karl Adolph Freyherrn von Hüpsch. Einband berieben. Titelblatt mit Spuren eines Stempels. Tafeln II kopfstehend eingebunden. Zeitgenössisches Halbleder mit Rückentitel und dezenter Rückenvergoldung. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Peter Fritzen]
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        Caii Plinii Secundi - Naturalis historiae - cum Interpretatione et notis integris Joh. Harduini, itemque cum commentariis et adnotationibus Hermolai Barbari, Pintiani, Rhenani, Gelenii, Dalechampii, Scaligeri, Salmasii, Is. Vossii, J. F. Gronovii et variorum . Recensuit varietatemque lectionis adiecit Joh. Georg. Frid. Franzius. .10 Bände Liber I - XXXVII

      Sommer, 1778 - 1791,, Lpz., - Pbd. der Zeit, LXXII 756, CXXXVI 788, XVI 832, 792, 746, 692, 905, 795, 788, 762 Seiten, 8°, Nummer, Stempel auf Vorsatzblatt und Titelblatt, Einbande stark berieben, zum Teil mit Fehlstellen an den Kapitalen, Papierüberzüge mit Fehlstellen, zum Teil abgelöst, Seiten gebräunt, Band 10 mit Anhängen (Miscellananea, Index etc.), [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Bockumer Antiquariat Gossens Heldens GbR]
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        Suite d'estampes pour servir à l'histoire des modes et du costume des François, dans le XVIII siecle.,

      Paris, Bligny, 1778 - gestochener Titel und 10 kolorierte Modekupfer v. Derais, jeweils ein junges ländliches Paar darstellend. Einbanddecke (mittig) leicht gedunkelt, die Eiweißhöhungen teils leicht oxydiert Sprache: Deutsch Gewicht in Gramm: 120 etwas späterer Ganzledereinband aus rotem, langgekörntem Maroquin mit grünem Rückenschild und Rückenvergoldung, Stehkanten-, und Innenkantenvergoldung, dunkelgrüne Seidenvorsätze, Goldschnitt, signierter Meistereinband (Thouvenin)

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Rump]
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        Miscellanea Austriaca ad botanicam, chemiam, et historiam naturalem spectantia, cum figuris partim coloratis (Vol. I-II)

      ex officina Krausiana, typis J. Gerold (Vol. I), M. A. Schmidt (Vol. II) 1778-1781, Vienna - Contemporary Austrian or German half calf, slight variation to decoration of spine, and varying marbled boards, spines gilt panelled, tan calf lettering-pieces; 4to (237 and 234 x 182 mm), 2 volumes; pages untrimmed and almost entirely unopened, with 44 hand-colored engraved plates (5 folding), of plants, plant parts, lichen, one of butterflies and scarabs, by Jakob Adams, probably after the drawings of the various contributors, woodcut title vignettes, head- and tail-pieces. Boards lightly rubbed; corners gently bumped; some light worming at spine tips of Volume II. Textblocks a little foxed; folding plate 20 in Volume I with short marinal tear at fold. An excellent set. Provenance: Unidentified bookplate, a modern copy of Hilprand Brandenburg's bookplate of an angel holding shield; Robert de Belder (his sale, Sotheby's London, 27 April 1987, lot 174); An Important Botanical Library (part I, Christie's New York, 4 June 1997, lot 75). Like its successor, Jacquin's "Collectanea," this semi-periodical publication contains articles by Jacquin and his friends and colleagues, the most important being probably Franz Xavier von Wulfen's "Plantae Rariories Carinthiacae" in Volume II. Similar to the Plesch copy and unlike the Hunt copy, the text paper of this copy is unwatermarked, and the plates are printed on paper watermarked with a shield with fleur-de-lys, countermarked C. & J. Honig. Hunt 655 (imperfect); Nissen BBI 975; Pritzel 4367; Stafleu & Cowan 3248. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Sanctuary Books, A.B.A.A.]
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        Ferdinandeische Jahrbücher, in einen pragmatischen Auszug gebracht und berichtigt von Justus Friedrich Runde.

      Leipzig, Weygand, 1778 - 1781. - 6 Bll., 547 S.; 3 Bll., 380 S., 2 Bll., 389 S. Erste Ausgabe dieser Neubearbeitung und Kürzung der 12-bändigen Annales Ferdinandei für den Zeitraum von 1578 bis 1597. - Dahlmann/W. 10601. - "Als Geschichtsschreiber war Khevenhüller ein bedeutender Chronist seiner Zeit und der Diplomatie Kaiser Ferdinands II. Sein einziges gedrucktes Werk, die `Annales Ferdinandei` (1. Auflage in 9 Bänden, 1640–46; 2. Auflage in 12 Bänden und 2 Supplementbänden mit zahlreichen Kupferstichen, 1721–26) gehört zu den Hauptwerken österreichischer barocker Geschichtsschreibung. Es stellt in Annalenform die Zeit von 1588 bis Jahresbeginn 1637, die Lebenszeit von K.s Gönner Erzherzog beziehungsweise Kaiser Ferdinand II. dar. Das vom kaiserlichen Hofe in Wien lange geheimgehaltene Werk gehört zu den wichtigsten Geschichtsquellen des 17. Jahrhunderts. Im Tenor nicht durchaus frei von einer Verherrlichung der habsburgischen Dynastie, enthält es doch sehr viele, heute verschollene Geschichtsquellen (private Tagebuchaufzeichnungen, Flugschriften, private und amtliche Korrespondenzen) zur habsburgischen europäischen Diplomatie" (NDB XI, 570). - Diese Neubearbeitung stammt von Justus Ferdiand Runde (1741 - 1807), der einer führenden deutsche Juristen des 18. Jahrhunderts war. Besonders sein öfter aufgelegtes Lehrbuch "Grundsätze des allgemeinen deutschen Privatrechts" blieb bis weit in das 19. Jahrhundert hinein „das hauptsächlichste Organ des dt. Privatrechts in der Praxis" (C. F. Gerber). - Die Teile 1 und 2 durchpaginiert (Teil 2 ohne eigenes Titelblatt erschienen), so komplett. - Mit Besitzeintrag Franz von Asbeck, 1785 (wohl Franz-Wilhelm Freiherr von Asbeck vgl. ADB I, 617). Etw. gebräunt und fleckig. Sprache: Deutsch Gewicht in Gramm: 1200 8°. Pp. des 19. Jahrhunderts mit Rückenschild (Rücken mit Bibliotheksschildchen, etw. fleckig und berieben, Gelenke teils etw. angeplatzt, Bd. 1 etw. bestoßen). [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Matthaeus Truppe Antiquariat]
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        APPOINTING A SECOND LIEUTENANT IN THE WORCESTER MILITIA IN APRIL, 1776, a partly printed document, completed in manuscript 4 April 1776, and signed by Lincoln and 15 other members of the "Council of the Massachusetts-Bay, in New-England."

      Oblong double-folio, 13 x 17 inches, seal affixed; docketed on verso. Several small breaks at corner folds, corner torn away, just touching the docketing. A very good copy. In this document, Jonathan Tucker was appointed second lieutenant of a company in the 5th Regiment of Militia in Worcester County. In the following month Lincoln was named Major General of all the Massachusetts state militia; he was given command of the southern department in 1778, and, after his capture and exchange, was with Washington at Yorktown where he was chosen to receive Cornwallis's sword. Other members of the council who signed this document include Perez Morton, James Otis, Benjamin Greenleaf, Caleb Cushing, John Winthrop, Joseph Gerrish, John Whetcomb, Elias Taylor, Michael Farley, Joseph Palmer, Moses Gill, Samuel Holton, B. White, Charles Chauncey, and John Taylor.

      [Bookseller: Bartlebys Books ]
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        De' monti colonnari e d' altri fenomeni vulcanici dello Stato Veneto, memoria...

      Giuseppe Marelli 1778 (Stato Veneto). STRANGE, John. Milano, Giuseppe Marelli, 1778. De' monti colonnari e d' altri fenomeni vulcanici dello Stato Veneto, memoria... In - folio, cop. orig. in cart. marmorizzato rosso. LXX pp. con 11 stupende tavole su doppio foglio finemente incise in rame da Iac. Leonardis su disegni di Anton. de Bittio. Bellissimo esemplare. Edizione originale della traduzione italiana di opera rara ed interessante per la geologia ed il vulcanismo veneto. Manca al Lozzi e alla Bibl. Platneriana. Agassiz, Bibliogr. zool. et geologiae, IV, p. 387. Zittel, History of geology, p. 46. Uff. Mob. 2.

      [Bookseller: Brighenti libri esauriti e rari]
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      Lancaster [Pa.], 1778. 12mo. Illustrated printed self-wrappers, stitched (one thread of two lacking). First leaf detached, with portion of upper inner corner (1 1/2 x 1 inch) torn away. Marginal dampstaining on front leaf, significant dampstain on remaining leaves. Good. Revolutionary War issue of Francis Bailey's LANCASTER ALMANACK, with significant patriotic content. Francis Bailey, an official printer to both the U.S. Congress and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, operated a printing press in Lancaster, Pennsylvania from 1773 to 1780, during which time he produced numerous important federal documents, including the first official printing of the Articles of Confederation. In the same year that he published the present volume, Bailey printed a German- language almanac in which George Washington was first dubbed "the father of his country" ("Des Landes Vater"). The front cover of the 1779 ALMANACK features a large, elaborate woodcut scene combining themes of astronomy, America, and liberty. In addition to the calendar, the volume includes various recipes and maxims, patriotic verse, and an account of Ethan Allen's reply to Gen. Howe's proposal that he desert the American cause and join the British army. The illustration, "The Anatomy of Man's Body, as governed by the Twelve Constellations," appears on page [5]. A scarce volume, with only four copies located between NAIP and OCLC.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        As he awaits troops from New York to reinforce the British Fleet, writing from Barbados, Rear Admiral Samuel Barrington notifies the Commissioners of the Royal Navy of the condition of his HMS "Prince of Wales"

      Barbados, July 13, 1778. 8" x 12.75". "Manuscript LS ""Saml Barrington,"" 8"" x 12.75"". ""Prince of Wales in Carlisle Bay, Barbadoes,"" July 13, 1778. To ""The Principal Heirs and Commissioners of His Majesty's Navy."" On watermarked laid paper. Blank integral leaf with mounting strip at right edge of verso. Fine condition.In full, ""I am sorry to be under the necessity of complaining of the Buntin[g] and Hammocks, with which His Majesty's Ship the Prince of Wales was supplied before she left England; but the former is so very bad that the Colours are seldom twice hoisted without being mended, and the latter are made of such wretched stuff that they are worn out in five or six scrubbings.""In 1777, Samuel Barrington (1729-1800) was appointed to HMS ""Prince of Wales"" and was promoted Rear Admiral of the White on January 23, 1778. Barrington sailed to the West Indies to take command of the Leeward Islands squadron, arriving at Barbados on June 20, 1778, three weeks before he wrote the letter here offered. Commodore William Hotham was dispatched from Sandy Hook, New York, to reinforce the British fleet in the West Indies, arriving at Barbados on December 10, 1778. The convoy Hotham was escorting consisted of 59 transports carrying 5,000 British soldiers under Major General James Grant. On December 14, 1778, with General James Grant, Rear Admiral Barrington launched an assault on St Lucia just as Comte d?Estaing?s French squadron approached (Battle of St. Lucia). Barrington?s squadron was able to fend off the French force while allowing Grant?s troops to establish their positions. Eventually, the French Governor surrendered after d?Estaing withdrew. Barrington was promoted Vice Admiral of the Blue on March 19, 1779."

      [Bookseller: University Archives]
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      Anvers [i.e. Paris], 1778. Contemporary French mottled calf, spines richly gilt, leather label. Extremities lightly rubbed. Bookplates on front endpapers. Very minor scattered foxing. Very good plus. From the collection of the Ducs de Luynes. A monumental and fundamentally important set of documents tracing the early course of the American Revolution and events on the North American continent. AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE contains among the earliest, and in some cases the first, European printings of many of the most basic documents in American history, including the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Paine's COMMON SENSE, the Articles of Confederation, and several state constitutions. The series was produced by the French government in order to inform the French public of the origins and course of the American Revolution, and to build and justify support among the French aristocracy and bureaucracy for an eventual Franco-American alliance. With the crucial editorial assistance of Benjamin Franklin and John Adams, the AFFAIRES... helped accomplish this goal, as well as providing the French people with their first taste of American democratic philosophy. AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE was actually produced by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and was available from the French bookseller, Pissot. The false imprint and the anonymity maintained by the editor served to hide the fact that it was issued by the French government and helped maintain a facade of impartiality. The first issue appeared on May 4, 1776, and publication proceeded through October 1779 (the present run goes from the beginning to Feb., 1778). The series was edited by Edmé-Jacques Genêt, chief interpreter to the French Foreign Minister, Charles Gravier, the Comte de Vergennes. Genêt was the father of Edmund Charles "Citizen" Genêt, who later caused so much discord in French-American relations during his tenure as minister plenipotentiary to the United States in the 1790s. Edmé- Jacques Genêt produced a similar journal during the French and Indian War, using correspondents in Britain, Spain, and the German states to gather news and information on events in the various fields of battle. He called upon some of those same sources, and cultivated American contacts as well, for AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE. AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE contains some of the earliest appearances of many of the basic works of the Revolutionary era. The number of important publications contained in the journal is nevertheless remarkable, with many key works appearing in this first year. The Declaration of Independence appears in the Aug. 16, 1776 issue of the AFFAIRES... (in the "Banker's Letter") and is the first European printing of that landmark document, preceding other French and British printings by one to two weeks. Durand Echeverria mistakenly identifies a printing of the Declaration in the Aug. 30, 1776 edition of the GAZETTE DE LEYDE as the first French translation, missing its appearance a full two weeks earlier in the AFFAIRES.... Thomas Paine's incredibly influential and wildly popular COMMON SENSE was the first purely political essay published in the AFFAIRES..., appearing in the issue of June 15, 1776. It does not appear in a word-for-word translation, but Genêt reprinted the majority of Paine's text, summarizing the sections he excluded. Gimbel notes only one other French language printing of COMMON SENSE in 1776, bearing a Rotterdam imprint. A version of the Articles of Confederation, based on the July and August 1776 drafts fashioned by John Dickinson, appears in the third volume, received on Oct. 4, 1776. This is the earliest appearance of any form of the Articles outside the United States, though inaccurate (see Will Slauther's article, cited below). The Constitution of New Jersey appears in Volume 4, followed by the Constitution of Delaware, the May 15, 1776 Constitution of Virginia, and the Constitution of South Carolina. The Constitution of Maryland appears in Volume 5. AFFAIRES DE L'ANGLETERRE ET DE L'AMÉRIQUE was issued intermittently in parts. It can be bound in a varying number of volumes, and bibliographer Paul L. Ford calls it "one of the most intricate and puzzling studies in collation." Howes notes that sets are made up of "twenty- four parts divided into fifteen volumes," but are usually bound in seventeen volumes. Sabin concurs on twenty-four parts, while LeClerc catalogued an incomplete set of only thirteen parts. Ford throws out the notion of "parts" entirely, giving a complete collation in fifteen volumes. Obadiah Rich asserts that the series was "an imitation or translation of Almon's REMEMBRANCER," but Sabin and Howes both correctly refute this utterly incorrect notion. Howes calls it a "counterpart" to the REMEMBRANCER, while Sabin notes that it is "quite different" from Almon's work. As we have noted, it is a wholly original collection of documents, assembled to provide close reports on the progress of the American Revolution and to pave the way toward the French alliance with the rebellious Americans. The present set is comprised of the first six volumes, which contain many of the key documents in their first European printings, and extends to shortly after the Franco-American alliance was signed on Feb. 8, 1778 (but to just before it was made public a few weeks later). "Essential for the Revolutionary period" - Sabin. "Of singular importance for the history of the period covered; but, owing to its rarity, and to the extreme bibliographical confusion in its parts and volumes, it has been singularly neglected as historical material" - Larned. "Collection des plus importantes pour la periode de la revolution des Etats-Unis" - LeClerc. A rare and fundamentally important collection of documents on the early years of the American Revolution, in many cases containing the earliest European printings of several iconic works of American history.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Eigenh. Brief mit U. ("Klopstock").

      Hamburg, 21.1.1778 - 2 SS. 4to. Wasserzeichen: Pro Patria (Fragment, obere Hälfte). Unveröffentlichter Brief an seinen Kopenhagener Freund Balthasar Münter, abgesehen von einem späteren Brief Münters an Klopstock das einzige bekannte Stück ihrer Korrespondenz: "Ob ich Ihnen gleich, mein l[ieber] M[ünter], so selten schreibe, so erkundige ich mich doch, so oft ich nur Gelegenheit dazu habe, nach Ihnen, u. freue mich, wenn ich höre, daß es Ihnen wolgeht. Wolten Sie mir indeß einmal schreiben, so werd ich vielleicht wegen meines Nicht-schreibens in mich schlagen, u. mich wo mögl. bessern. - Der junge Alberti, unsers sel[igen] Freundes Sohn, der zu dem Apotheker Becker in die Lehre kömt, bringt Ihnen diesen Brief. Ich bitte Sie, Liebster, ihm guten Rath zu geben wie er sich aufzuführen hat. Solte irgend etwas vorfallen, worüber Sie mir seinetwegen zu schreiben für nötig finden, so thun Sie es. - Ihr Sohn, der kleine epische Dichter, u. Ihre Bäume werden wol recht heran gewachsen seyn. Umarmen Sie Ihre Frau von mir. Der Ihrige / Klopstock." - Der aus Lübeck gebürtige Theologe Balthasar Münter (1735-93) war seit 1765 Hauptprediger an der deutschen St.-Petri-Kirche in Kopenhagen. Klopstock hatte bis zu seinem Weggang aus Dänemark im Herbst 1770 fünf Jahre lang in vertrautem Umgang mit ihm gestanden. Der am Schluss erwähnte Sohn ist Fritz (Friedrich Christian Karl Heinrich) Münter (1761-1830), den Klopstock in Dänemark als vierjährigen Buben kennengelernt hatte. Schon als Kind hatte Fritz den väterlichen Freund Klopstock mit einem Gedicht beehrt, betitelt "Der jüngste Tag". Er studierte 1778-81 in Kopenhagen Theologie, Philosophie und Philologie. Ab 1781 setzte der junge Mann sein Studium in Göttingen fort; bei der Durchreise traf er Klopstock wieder, für den ihm sein Vater einen Brief mitgegeben hatte - das bislang einzige bekannte schriftliche Zeugnis einer Korrespondenz (heute: SUB Hamburg, NL Klopstock 48, 444). 1808 wurde Friedrich Münter Bischof von Seeland. - Beim erwähnten "Alberti" dürfte es sich um den Sohn des Hamburger Predigers Julius Gustav Alberti (1723-72) handeln, vom dem Münter in seinem Brief vom 1781 Klopstock "gute Nachrichten" geben kann: "Nach dem Zeugnisse seines Patrons ist seine Aufführung ohne Tadel". Damit gibt das vorliegende Schreiben weitere Aufschlüsse zum im publizierten Brief erwähnten "jungen Alberti" und dessen für die Editoren noch nicht ermittelbaren "Patron": bei diesem hätte es sich demnach um den Kopenhagener Apotheker Johann Gottfried Becker (1723-90) gehandelt. - Spuren mittiger Längs- und Querfaltung; winziger Einriß in der Bugfalte rechts; oben links in Bleistift numeriert "33". Nicht bei: Klopstock, Briefe, Histor.-krit. Ausg. (ed. Gronemeyer et al.), Bd. VII (1776-1782) oder in den Nachträgen.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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      Caroline, Va, 1778. Quarto, on a folded folio sheet. Silked. Small paper loss from wax seal (repaired), affecting several words of text. Significant paper loss to top quarter of address leaf, as well as seal area; repaired and not affecting text. In his highly legible hand. Very good. In a folio- sized tan half morocco and cloth clamshell case, spine gilt. Virginia lawyer and Revolutionary patriot Edmund Pendleton writes to his agent, William Preston, regarding several land transactions Preston is carrying out on his behalf. Edmund Pendleton served as a representative to the First Continental Congress, was president of both of Virginia's revolutionary conventions in 1775, and was also president of the powerful Committee of Safety for the state. Only an injury sustained in a fall from a horse (to which he refers in this letter) kept him from being in the Second Congress and a signer of the Declaration. He was elected president of the Virginia convention again in 1776, and under his direction, Virginia's delegates to the Continental Congress put forth a motion for independence from Britain. Following Independence, he helped revise Virginia's own Constitution, and worked tirelessly on behalf of the judicial system, serving as a chief justice in Virginia's courts. Finally, he presided as president of Virginia's Ratifying Convention for the Constitution in 1788. William Preston was a political and military leader on the Virginia frontier. During the Revolution he organized Virginia's frontier defenses, and personally organized and led a group of militiamen who fought at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse in North Carolina. In this letter Pendleton writes Preston about several sales of land, detailing a number of accounts. The one of most concern to him, however, involves settlers who have not paid for the land and are now demanding to buy it at a very low price. Though he is loathe to part with the land so cheaply, if Preston has entered into such an agreement on his behalf, he is willing to honor it. He writes: "Since I wrote you a few days agoe I have reached home & have made up a list of the several payments made on account of Col. Patton's estate, which I now inclose to you. The debets I judged you did not want, as I furnished you in 1774 a copy of the whole account wch. the last 4 payments have discharged, nothing being added to the debet. I am sorry it did not suit you to be at Williamsburg, as I might have had the pleasure of seeing you once more.... I would gladly visit my Washington lands & take you in the way but tho' I have sufficient health for such a journey, yet it would be too much for a man to undertake who can't walk a step without the assistance of crutches. Permit me to trouble you with a word or two on the subject of those lands. Of the several purchasers Mr. Logan only has paid off; Mr. Robert Craig paid in June 1775 £99, & Mr. Wm. Cocke in April 1776 £60; as I did not receive these sums myself I know not if it came through your hands & therefore note it for yr. direction to be indorsed on the bonds. "I fear I am to have some trouble with the settlers on the reedy creek land, who because I will not take £30 a hundred for [text loss] (tho' not more than 1/5th of the value money was at when I offered it at the [text loss] £60) seem disposed to dispute the title with me, and I am uncertain [whether?] they have not had it assessed as theirs, tho' Mr. Bledsoe inform'd the assessors it was mine & that he was ready to pay the tax. If they have done so, unless they agree before witnesses to give me possession next fall, I will send out ejectments against them from the General Court, as I shall think they make an ungrateful return for my offer last winter to pay them for their improvements, where the use of the land had not been equal to their value. You informed me they had all agreed to become my tenants, I don't recollect whether you mentioned their having signed a writing to that purpose and will thank you to inform me by the first opportunity & mentioned their names. "I hear some of them insist on your having promised them the land at £30. If any thing passed between you & them, which tho' not a legal contract, did in any manner engage yr. honour to let any of them have land at that price, be assured I will perform it with as much punctuality and cheerfulness as I would if I had myself pledged my own honour on the occasion; the principles of moral rectitude & not mere legal obligations being the rule I wish to observe in all my dealings, so that you have full latitude to put an end to any disputes of this sort by fixing the bargain. But if they have none other ground to expect the land at that price, than your having offered it 6 years ago, when money was of five times its present value, and they refused to give it, I can by no means think that honour or any other virtue calls on me to comply with such expectations, and the land being mine, I am surely at liberty to keep, or demand what price I please for it, wch. no person is obliged to give." An interesting letter between Virginia patriots, illustrating both the disruptions of the war years, the problems of inflated currency, and the issues of squatters on Virginia lands in this period. Pendleton letters are extremely rare in the marketplace; only two autograph letters signed appear in ABPC for the last thirty-five years.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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