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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1777

        Storia Polemica delle Proibizioni de' Libri

      Rome: Per Generoso Salomoni. 1777. 4to - over 9¾" - 12" Tall. F First Edition. S Paperback. Very Good-. 4to xx,398pp Text in Italian (with numerous quotations in Latin). History o f book censorship from Roman times through the Index Expurgatorius of Pope Alexander VII; dedicated to Pope Pius VI. Scarce. Bound in contemporary hea vy stock plain paper, with brown rawhide ties at spine; plain endpapers. VG - (slight soiling and rubbing to covers; original ties worn, first few leav es detaching from spine, slight internal browning and creasing to few leave s).

      [Bookseller: Arundel Books of Seattle]
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        Histoire générale des voyages, ou nouvelle collection de toutes les relations de voyages par mer et par terre. Tome vingt-troisième: Voyages et établissemens aux Antilles. (Quarto ed.).

      Amsterdam, Van Harrevelt & Changuion, 1777. - Nouvelle édition. 4to. (IV)+477 (+1) pp. Complete with 8 maps (incl. 7 fold.) & 9 plts. (all engr.). Hardcover. Late 19th-century half calf with 2 gilt-lettered title labels on spine, marbled boards & endpapers. VG. (Occas. light waterst. in top margin). * Incl. the French in Hispaniola or Santo Domingo, Saint Christopher, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Grenada & Grenadins, Sainte Lucie; the English in Jamaica, Barbados, Antigua, Montserrat, Nevis, Barbuda, Anguilla, Bermuda (Summer Islands), St. Lucia; with supplement on St.Thomas, Virgin Islands, the Dutch in St. Martin, Saba & St. Eustatius, St.Croix, St. Vincent, etc. Maps of Hispaniola (Saint Domingue), St. Christopher, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Grenada, St. Lucia, Jamaica, Barbados. - Sabin 65404: Mainly a reprint of the Paris edition, but with many corrections and additions, especially in the later volumes. The maps and plates were finely engraved by J. van der Schley. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Charbo's Antiquariaat]
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        THE LADIES' DIARY: OR WOMAN'S ALMANACK, FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1777 [-88]; . containing many improvements in arts and sciences, and many entertaining particulars: designed for the use and diversion of the fair-sex. 12 volumes in 2.

      London: Printed for the Company of Stationers and sold by George Hawkins and later John Wilkie -88 1777 - 8vo, (173x112mm), 48;48;48;48;48;48; 48;48;48;48;48;48p. printed in red and black with a woodcut on the titles and cuts and diagrams in the texts, tax stamp on the titles. The run preserved in two volumes in a contemporary binding of purple paper over limp boards with ms. back-labels. Typographic bookplate of Matthew Flinders, Donnington, Lincolnshire in each volume. A very good collection. The seventy-fourth to eighty-fifth annual appearances of this influential almanac founded in 1704 by John Tipper a Coventry schoolmaster. By this period it was edited by the mathematician Charles Hutton, Professor at Woolwich Academy and both Fellow and Secretary of the Royal Society. The Ladies' Diary was aimed primarily at the new market of educated, leisured, middle-class women and its most successful feature was an annual set of riddles or 'enigmas' in verse. Readers sent in their solutions, also in verse, and were doubtless gratified to see their names and addresses in print and to win one of the prizes as, equally doubtless, were those who are also named and who contributed worthy efforts. The Ladies' Diary was not, however, merely light entertainment and, as in these issues, also included mathematical problems described as another form of enigma. This remarkable assemblage in its contemporary binding is given an added attraction by the presence in each volume of the bookplate of Matthew Flinders, the father of one of the world's foremost navigators. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Barry McKay Rare Books]
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        A Map of the most Inhabited part of New England containing the Provinces of Massachusets Bay and New Hampshire, with the Colonies of Conecticut and Rhode Island, Divided into Counties and Townships: The whole composed from Actual Surveys and its Situation adjusted by Astronomical Observations

      Chez Le Rouge rue des grands Augustins, Paris 1777 - A very fine copy of this highly important and large scale map of New England, the finest map of the region available to military commanders during the Revolutionary War This is the grandest, most accurate and detailed map of New England produced during the British colonial period. It depicts the entire region from Long Island Sound up north to the line of 44'30 of latitude. While it shows that the coastal areas and the lower Connecticutt Valley were well settled, areas of the interior, especially in New Hampshire and the future Vermont were just developing, with the early boundaries of townships having recently been established by surveyors. Importantly, this map contains two detailed cartographic insets, one of the city of Boston (upper-left), and another of Boston Harbor on the lower-right sheet. The map is also adorned with a very handsome pictorial title cartouche, depicting the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock in 1620. The present map is the edition produced by Georges-Louis Le Rouge, then the royal Geographer to Louis XVI, and was significantly updated from the original issue of 1755. Copies of this issue would most certainly have been consulted by French commanders such as the Comtes D'Estaing and Rochambeau who both led forces in New England following France's entry into the Revolutionary War in support of the American cause in 1778. This map's maker, John Green, was an intriguing and larger-than-life figure, who has been called "the genius behind Jefferys". In addition to his extensive cartographic abilities, Green's personal history also stands out from amongst the biographies of other 18th-century British map makers. Green was born Braddock Mead in Ireland around 1688, married in Dublin in 1715 and moved to London in 1717. He was imprisoned in 1728 for trying to defraud an Irish heiress, and assumed his alias after his release from prison. He worked with Ephriam Chambers on his Universal Dictionary before joining the employ of Cave, Astley, and Jefferys. William Cumming remarked that Mead/Green 'had a number of marked characteristics as a cartographer . One was his ability to collect, to analyze the value of, and to use a wide variety of sources; these he acknowledged scrupulously on the maps he designed and even more fully in accompanying remarks. Another outstanding characteristic was his intelligent compilation and careful evaluation of reports on latitudes and longitudes used in the construction of his maps, which he also entered in tables on the face of the maps . Mead's contributions to cartography stand out . At a time when the quality and the ethics of map production were at a low ebb in England, he vigorously urged and practiced the highest standards; in the making of maps and navigational charts he was in advance of his time. For this he deserves due credit.' (Cumming, p.45). McCorkle, New England in Early Printed Maps , 755.19; Sellers & Van Ee, Maps & Charts of North America & West Indies , 802; cf. Crone, "John Green. Notes on a neglected Eighteenth Century Geographer and Cartographer," Imago Mundi, VI (1950) p. 89-91; Crone, "Further Notes on Braddock Mead, alias John Green" Imago Mundi , VIII (1951) p. 69; Cumming, British Maps of Colonial America, pp.45-47. Copper-engraved map, on four joined sheets, with original outline colour, in excellent condition.

      [Bookseller: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA)]
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        Direzioni della Prospettiva Teorica corrispondenti a quelle dell'Architettura. Istruzione a' Giovani Studenti di Pittura, e Architettura nell'Accademia Clementina dell'Instituto delle Scienze, raccolte. Divise in cinque parti.

      nella Stamperia di Lelio dalla Volpe, 1777 - 1783, in Bologna, - 2 voll. in-8° (185x108mm), pp. (12), 144; 144; legatura coeva p. pergamena con unghie e con titolo, segnatura di volume e fregi in oro su tasselli ai dorsi. Tagli spruzzati. Dediche a stampa dell'autore a Santa Caterina De Vigri da Bologna e a San Petronio. Capilettera e fregi tipografici incisi su legno. 75 tavole incise su rame f.t. al primo vol. e 57 al secondo (le tavv. 70-75 sono anteposte fra le tavv. 59-60; nel secondo volume sono presenti due tavole col numero 44, sicché risulta una tavola in più rispetto alla normale collazione; anche il Canterzani, p. 293, n. 12, non accenna che a 56 tavole). Bell'esemplare. Quarta edizione del primo volume, terza edizione del secondo (le due parti, apparse rispettivamente nel 1725 e nel 1731, vennero successivamente riedite più volte dal Dalla Volpe, spesso abbinate con date diverse sulla base delle disponibilità dell'editore). Versione "ridotta" e adattata a fini didattici (essa era destinata agli allievi dell'Accademia Clementina) dell'Architettura Civile del 1711. "Questi precetti elementari preceduti da un compendio di geometria pratica servirono per lungo tempo in Bologna alle Scuole del disegno; e sono in sostanza la prima e seconda parte dell'Architettura Civile. Ristampa simile alle precedenti edizioni enunciate agli anni 1725, 1731, 1753, 1764 di questo catalogo. I due volumi portano in fronte la stessa dedica, lo stesso preambolo, e corredati dalle stesse incisioni" (Canterzani, p. 26). Ferdinando Galli Bibiena fu esponente di un'importante famiglia di architetti e scenografi, pittori e quadraturisti. Stimato per la straordinaria capacità nella gestione dello strumento prospettico, dopo aver lavorato alla Corte dei Farnese in qualità di primo pittore e architetto, ottenne importanti incarichi a Barcellona, da Carlo III d'Asburgo, e successivamente a Vienna alla corte dell'imperatore Carlo VI che lo insignì del titolo di ''primo architetto teatrale''. Cfr. Canterzani, cit.: e p. 293, n. 12. "Questi precetti elementari preceduti da un compendio di geometria pratica servirono per lungo tempo in Bologna alle Scuole del disegno; e sono in sostanza la prima e seconda parte dell'Architettura Civile.". Fowler, 135. Berlin Katalog, 2630. Cicognara, n. 517:" [incisioni] nitidamente intagliate in finissimi e precisi contorni". Riccardi, I, 153. Comolli, II, pp. 341-344. Poudra, Histoire de la perspective, Paris, 1864, pp. 515-516.

      [Bookseller: Gilibert Libreria Antiquaria (ILAB-LILA)]
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        The Province of New Jersey, Divided into East and West, commonly called the Jerseys

      London: Wm. Faden, 1777. The first state of one of the finest and most celebrated maps of New Jersey, made during the Revolutionary War This elegant composition depicts New Jersey in finely engraved detail at a large scale of 7 miles to an inch. The map was the grandest representation of the state made up to that time, taking in the entire breadth of the state, as well as the Hudson Valley, most of Long Island, eastern Pennsylvania and all of Delaware Bay. It captures the state's rich topography, including the Jersey Highlands and the Palisades in the north and the broad Pine Barrens and coastal marshes in the south. The county divisions, major roads and towns are all carefully depicted, indicating that New Jersey was, by the standards of the time, heavily populated, having over 120,000 inhabitants. Faden based his rendering of the state largely on the manuscript works of Bernard Ratzer, a British military surveyor most famous for his map of New York City. Ratzer's rendezvous with New Jersey cartography stemmed from the resolution of the bitter boundary dispute between that state and New York that had raged for over a century. In 1764, George III charged Samuel Holland and William De Brahm with settling the boundary, and their demarcation was finally surveyed by Ratzer in 1769. Ratzer's line is noted on the map as "The boundary settled by commissioners in 1769". Two of Ratzer's New Jersey manuscripts, one dealing with the boundary question, and another featuring Monmouth and Ocean Counties are today preserved in the Faden Collection at the Library of Congress. Faden supplemented Ratzer's work with surveys of the northern part of the state made by Gerard Bancker. Curiously, it seems that Bancker's work found its way to Faden, by way of John Murray, the Earl of Dunmore, the former governor of Virginia, who was given a draft by Bancker when he stopped in at New York on his way back to London. An interesting feature present on the map are the two lines bisecting the state, being the boundary lines between the archaic colonies of East and West Jersey. In 1664, Charles II granted the New Jersey charter jointly to Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. Berkeley sold his share to John Fenwick, a Quaker who, in turn, passed it on to a consortium that included William Penn. The king elected to renew only Carteret's charter to the colony, and from 1676 the already small province was split into two awkward colonies. One of the lines present on this map is "Keith's Line" referring to the 1687 demarcation of the boundary by surveyor George Keith. While the two colonies were reunited under a royal governor in 1702, certain private land ownership questions predicated on the partition necessitated that an internal line of division persist, which was re-demarcated as the "Lawrence Line" in 1743. The map is embellished with a very fine cartouche, formed by trees framing a bucolic scene inhabited by farm houses and raccoons. The lower left of the map is adorned with a table of astrological observations. This copy is an excellent example of this important map, featuring a strong impression and good margins. In a careful original hand, New Jersey, and its internal boundaries have been outlined in pink, while surrounding jurisdictions are outlined in a yellow-green hue. Guthorn, British Maps of the American Revolution , p.39; Degrees of Latitude , 47; Schwartz & Ehrenberg, Mapping of America, p.193; Snyder, The Mapping of New Jersey , pp.57-59. Copper-engraved map, with original outline colour, on two joined sheets, in very good condition.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        The Province of New Jersey, Divided into East and West, commonly called the Jerseys. Engraved & Published by Wm. Faden, Charing Cross, December 1st 1777.

      London 1777 - Original outline color; small area of wear at one fold expertly repaired with some reinstatement of image, else excellent. The definitive map of New Jersey of the 18th century, in its rare first state. It was the first map to present the geography of New Jersey with any degree of detailed accuracy. It also illuminates for the first time the state¿s topography, river networks, early road system, and the locations of its natural resources. Moreover, Schwartz states that it is "the most important general map of New Jersey during the revolutionary period." As such, it would have been consulted by commanders on both sides during the American Revolution. According to a note on the map, it was based on surveys that were made in 1769 for the purpose of settling the border between New York and New Jersey, which had long been in dispute. The surveys were supervised by Lt. Bernard Ratzer, an important British military engineer and surveyor before and during the Revolution. The resulting boundary line, which was permanently adopted, is shown on the map. (The map also shows two different boundaries between East and West Jersey.) Ratzer was also the author of what is considered the finest colonial map of New York City. William Faden was an English publisher who played a leading role in filling the demand for accurate maps, charts and plans relating to the campaigns of the American Revolution. "His fine engravings made him one of the greatest cartographers of the late 18th century" (Snyder). The map¿s large, decorative cartouche illustrates a typical New Jersey farmhouse and several beavers, the favorite animal of colonial cartographers. Snyder, John P., The Mapping of New Jersey, pp. 57-61; Ristow, Walter W., American Maps and Mapmakers; Schwartz, The Mapping of America, plate 120.

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc]
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        Memoirs of the Kings of France, of the Race of Valois

      London - Edwards and Charles Dilly, 1777 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. First edition. Memoirs of the Kings of France interspersed with interesting anecdotes. To which is added a tour through the Western, Southern and interior provinces of France, in a series of letters,'First edition. In two volumes complete. Sir Nathaniel William Wraxall, 1st Baronet (8 April 1751 7 November 1831) was an English author. In 177 he published his Memoirs of the Kings of France of the Race of Valois, to which he appended an account of his tour in the Western, Southern and Interior Provinces of France. With an ink inscription of previous owner's name to title page of both volumes. Condition: In a full speckled calf binding. Externally, generally smart but with some wear to extremities and a few external repairs to original binding. With the odd mark to boards and slight wear to rear board of second volume. Cracking to joints. Internally, generally firmly bound with the odd page loosening. Bright but with slight scattered spotting and handling marks to pages. Ink inscription of previous owner's name to gutter of page 15 of volume one. Marginal off-setting from binding to endpapers. Overall: VERY GOOD.

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
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        Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman

      London: R. & J. Dodsley and T. Becket, 1777. 6 vols. 16 mo. Mottled calf, some covers detached; new edition. Frontispiece after Hogarth. Publisher's ad: "a New Edition, complete in 6 vols. Price 18s. bound." Bookplate of William Henry Shirreff.

      [Bookseller: Alan Wofsy Fine Arts]
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        Guadaloupe, Mariegalante, Antigua

      John Thompson (1777-1840) was a Scottish cartographer from Edinburgh. Like many cartographers in the 18th century, Thompson moved away from the decorative cartouches and colorful maps of his predecessors and chose to detail his maps with precision and definition.Thompson published ?New General Atlas? in 1817 in partnership with James Kirkwood, the leading engraver in Edinburgh. Kirkwood?s printmaking family produced most of the banknotes of Scotland, maps, globes and atlases and was well acknowledged for their great skill.This map, ?West India Islands: Guadaloupe, Marie Galante, Antigua? measures 21 1/4? x 28 1/4? and is in excellent condition with light staining in the margins and faint evidence of previous repair to the central crease.These three islands, all part of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles are finely detailed with their capitals and major cities noted, as well as pots all along the circumferences of the islands. Although the map stays true to the simplistic styling of the 18th century, the mountain rages of these islands are hash-marked in relief to show the changing topography and further the precise detailing.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        Vita del beato Gioanni di Parma settimo general ministro di tutto l'Ordine de' Minori.

      Dalla Stamperia Reale, Parma 1777 - xix, (1), 224pp. Contemporary vellum backed paper covered boards with gold lettering on the spine. Some stains to covers, stain affecting lower corner of boards and of leaves, previous owner's name to front pastedown endpaper and to title page. A very good copy. In the Italian language. ; Octavo [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Parigi Books, ABAA/ILAB]
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        Chemische Abhandlung von der Luft und dem Feuer. Nebst einem Vorbericht von Torbern Bergman.

      Upsala & Leipzig Magn. Swederus. zu finden bey S.L. Crusius 1777. - 8vo, 3 ff., 16, 155, (1) pp. Engraved vignette on title & one folding engraved plate, both depicting chemical apparatus. Bound with:BERGMANN, Torbern. Anleitung zu Vorlesungen über die Beschaffenheit und den Nutzen der Chemie, und die allgemeinsten Verschiedenheiten natürlicher Körper. Aus d. Schwedischen übersetzt. Stockholm and Leipzig, Swederus. 1779. 8vo, 95, (3 blank) pp. Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek and Berlin records call for xxxi preliminary pages as well as 95 numbered pages. Utrecht, Union Catalog Hesse, Bayrische Staatsbibliothek Munich records match our collation. First edition of this extremely scarce and important book which contains the announcement of Scheele’s discovery of oxygen, made independently of, and two years prior to, Priestley. Scheele’s monumental discovery was made by 1773; he had begun his experiments on oxygen in 1770. The publication of this book was delayed due to the fact that Tobern Bergman was two years late in delivering his promised preface. The work is fittingly bound with Bergman’s own lectures on the nature and application of chemistry, a rare work that is not included in his collected works Opuscula Physica et Chemica."The independent discovery of oxygen is here described and the composition of air by two gases is illustrated. One of these is necessary for combustion and respiration and it is absorbed by a number of solid substances and can be artificially produced; the second gas (nitrogen) prevents combustion. Scheele’s ‘fire-air’ (oxygen) could be produced from saltpetre, from black oxide of manganese, from oxide of mercury, etc. The photo-sensitive nature of chloride of silver was announced, a discovery that led to photography" (Dibner, Heralds of Science, 41). "Scheele (1742-1786) was an experimental genius; he made more discoveries of first-rate importance with fewer opportunities and scantier appliances than any one else, and his skill, insight and power of illuminating experimental results have never been surpassed, if indeed, they have ever been equaled" (Ferguson II.331).Bergman (1735-1784) was a member of the Swedish Academy and from 1767 professor of chemistry at Uppsala. He had a high regard for the younger Scheele and "did everything in his power to bring him to the notice of the scientific world. Bergman owed to him his transition from obscurity to a leading position in the world of science." (Partington, III, p. 208) His Essay on the General Usefulness of Chemistry and its Application to the Various Occasions of Life (thus the title of the English edition of 1783) gives "a general view [of] medical, oeconomical, and technical chemistry, halurgy, geurgy, theiurgy, salts, earths, inflammable substances, metals, waters and airs." (Partington III, p. 184) Bergman remained a follower of the phlogiston theory all his life.OCLC: Scheele: Burndy, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Cornell, Madison, NLM, Smithsonian, Stanford, UCLA, Yale. Bergmann: Cornell.* Scheele: DSB XII.143-50; Horblit 92; Partington III.205-34; Waller 11225; Gernsheim, Hist. of Photography (1969), pp. 32-33; not in Duveen, Ferguson, Young, or E.F. Smith collections.*Bergmann: Partington III, p. 184, F. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc]
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        Armide drame héroïque Mis en Musique par M. le Ch. Gluck. Représenté pour la première Fois par l'Académie Royale de Musique le 23 Septembre 1777.

      - Paris, Deslauriers, [1777]. In-folio (323 x 250 mm), plein vélin teinté vert de l'époque, dos lisse (accrocs de vélin aux coiffes), (1) f. de titre, (1) f. de 'catalogue de musique Deslauriers', 279 p., entièrement gravé. Edition originale partagée avec le "Bureau du Journal de Musique" de cet opéra que Gluck considérait lui-même comme son chef-d'oeuvre et qu'il composa sur un livret de Philippe Quinault, d'après "Gerusalemme liberata" du Tasse, livret déjà mis en musique par Lully en 1685. Représenté pour la première fois le 23 septembre 1777 à l'Académie Royale de Musique, il s'agit du quatrième opéra de la "période parisienne" de Gluck. C'est à l'occasion de la représentation de cet opéra que la querelle entre gluckistes et piccinnistes éclata. (Fétis, 2683. Hopkinson, ‘Bibliography of the Works of Gluck’, 45A. RISM A/I/3 G2679). Provenance : Jean-Frédéric-Auguste Lemiere de Corvey (1771-1832), avec petite signature à la plume "J.F.A. Le Miere, rue Grammont n°13". Compositeur et professeur de musique, également officier dans les campagnes napoléoniennes et spécialiste de tactique militaire, il est l'auteur de nombreux opéras comiques (cf. Grove online, art. "Lemiere" et Fétis, 'Biographie des musiciens', V, 265). Grande étiquette de veau brun de l’époque sur le plat supérieur: "Romagnat". Petite étiquette ancienne imprimée de librairie "Leduc. magasin de musique ancienne & moderne." Très bon exemplaire, frais, entièrement gravé sur cuivre, imprimé sur papier fort. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librairie HATCHUEL]
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        The Spirit of the Bankrupt Laws . . . Wherein are principally considered, the 1. Declaring the Party Bankrupt. 2. Seizing his Estate [and seven other topics] from the Determinations of Lords Hardwicke and Mansfield [etc.]. Fifth Edition

      Dublin: Printed by J. Williams, (No. 21.) Skinner Row, 1777. Contemporary calf, joints just cracking but firm, foxing and browning, one leaf torn (legibility preserved); three copies in ESTC The rare, only Irish edition of Green's comprehensive treatise, drawing upon his years as a commissioner in bankruptcy and praised extensively by Holdsworth, who terms it "clearly written and well arranged . . . explain[ing] underlying principles

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Les passions du jeune Werther

      Pissot Paris 1777 - Une des premières traduction de Werther; reliure mi-cuir début 19e avec usures mais ferme; dos lisse orné; les plats sont tâchés et frottés; intérieur très frais et sans rousseurs, en bel état avec les marges; néanmoins légère trace de mouillure sur les premières pages; nom ancien sur la page de garde (A.Thiers?) [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Magnus]
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        All' Illustrissima Signora Maria Udny Dama Inglese.

      Rome 1777 - John Wilton-Ely plate 913The watermark that is present is a fleur-de-lis but precisely which one is unknown due to the heavy ink.From the series "Vasi, candelabri, cippi, sarcofagi, tripodi, lucerne, ed ornamenti antichi"Giovanni Battista Piranesi was one of the leading figures in the development of the neoclassical style in the late 18th Century. As architect, archaeologist, artist, designer, collector, and antiquities dealer, he produced a series of etchings and engravings depicting the glories of ancient Rome. These fine prints served as source material for other architects and designers. He was born in Venice on the 4th October 1720. The son of a stone-mason, he was educated as an architect under his maternal uncle Matto Lucchesi and under Carlo Zucchi. In 1740 Piranesi left Venice for Rome, there he studied etching under Giuseppe Vasi. He appears to have had little success in these early years in Rome and as his father was unable to continue his allowance returned to Venice in 1744. He was soon, however, encouraged to return to Rome by Giuseppe Wagner, a successful engraver and publisher of Venice. This time he achieved success, and a constant series of works, illustrating architecture and antiquities, issued from his studio until his death in 1778. His output in etched plates is enormous (about 1000 numbers in all). While he achieved a work of magnitude in pictorial records of Roman monuments of antiquity and of the Renaissance, and gave immense archæological, antiquarian, and topographical value to this work, the artistic quality always predominates. He was fond of peopling his ruins with Callot-like figures, and "like Callot makes great use of the swelling line" (Hind). He had two sons and a daughter, all of whom helped him in his work and after his death carried on his publications in Rome and Paris. They were Francesco (born 1748 or 1756; died 1810), Pietro (who lived till after 1807) and Laura (born 1750). His position in Rome and in Europe after 1760 was a prominent one. He was well-known figure to the wealthy English visitors in Rome and was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1757. Most of his life was passed in Rome, etching, writing, publishing, and directing a workshop in which the restoration and sale of antiques played a considerable part.He was famous for his poetic views of Rome and also his fantastic imaginary interiors. His skills, allied to his deep knowledge of archaeology, provided the substance for his Vedute (Views), a series of 135 etchings of ancient and contemporary Rome, published from 1745 onwards, which established the popular mental image of the city. Vasi.et Ornamenti Antichi was a collection of 110 etchings documenting large sculptural vases, together with other antiquities excavated (and in some cases created) in Italy in the 18th century. The prints were initially separately issued and sold by Piranesi over a period of several years and subsequently collected in two folio volumes, each with its own title page, in 1778. They illustrate a wide range of genuine antiquities, as well as Piranesi's own collections, from utilitarian objects such as cinerary urns, lamps, and sarcophagi to monumental vases. The plates in Vasi often included text by Piranesi with information about where the objects were discovered and their contemporary location, and the prints bore dedications to his patrons, colleagues, visitors and influential people. He believed absolutely in the supremacy of Roman over Greek architecture, an argument he expounded most forcefully in his Della magnificenza ed architettura dei Romani (On the Magnificence of Roman Architecture, 1761). his romanticized views and imaginary interiors had a profound effect on stage designers, painters of capricci such as Hubert Robert, and even writers: William Beckford, the author of the Gothic novel and Vathek . In the 20th century his imaginary interiors have been admired by the Surrealists . Reference: John Wilton-Ely. Giovanni Batti

      [Bookseller: Alexandre Antique Prints, Maps & Books]
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        NOUVEAU VOYAGE EN ESPAGNE, FAIT EN 1777 & 1778

      - Dans lequel on traite des Moeurs, du caractere, des Monumens anciens & modernes, du Commerce, du Théatre, de la Législation des Tribunaux particuliers á ce Royaume, de l'Inquisition; avec de nouveaux détails sur son état actuel, sur une Procédure récente & farmeuse. # Londres. Paris. Chez (Imp.) P. Theophile Barrois. 1782. 2 tomos. 20x12.5 cm. T. I, 363 págs. * T. II, 382 págs. encuadernados juntos, plena piel época, tejuelo, lomo cuajado de hierros, guardas al agua, cortes tintados, lomo un poco rajado en doblez de la cubierta. Recorre todas las regiones y refleja sus ciudades. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librería Torreón de Rueda]
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        Les vrais principes du gouvernement françois, démontrés par la Raison et par les Faits, par un François. [Ensemble] Prix de la justice et de l'humanité.

      S.n. 1777 - - S.n., Geneve 1777, In 8 (12x20cm), (6) vij, (1) 316pp. (3) iv, 120pp., relié. - Editions originales, rares toutes les deux Plein Veau jaspé d'époque. Dos lisse à 4 fers. Pièces de titre et de tomaison en maroquin rouge. Triple filet d'encadrement sur les plats. Petit manque en tête. Manque au mors supérieur en tête. Mors supérieur fendu en queue. Léger manque en queue. Frottements. L'ouvrage de Gin est d'abord une défense du pouvoir monarchique (comme la forme de gouvernement naturel) contre les théories de Montesquieu et celles de Mably, mais par delà ce postulat de départ, l'ensemble est remarquable par ses réflexions économiques, Gin faisant de l'agriculture et de l'industrie les pilers de la santé économique. L'auteur s'évertue par l'histoire et les exemples empruntés à diverses nations comme la Chine de prouver de manière irréfutable ses théories. L'oeuvre de Voltaire est une réflexion habile sur la relativité des lois, et notamment sur leur injustice. Voltaire interroge chaque catégorie de criminalité (vol, crime, hérésie, sorciers.) et les lois qui ont été établies. Une des dernières oeuvres de Voltaire animée par l'ardeur de convaincre ses contemporains sur l'urgence de réformer les lois. (6) vij, (1) 316pp. (3) iv, 120pp. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Recueil De Differens] - Poemes Et Discours

      Geneve; 1777 - Copper-engraved pictorial head & tailpieces; publisher's device to the title. Language: French. Physical desc. : cm.13. Table [contents] to the rear. Full contemporary tree calf, very good. Spine elaborately gilt tooled with a red, gilt-blocked Morocco label. Minor rubbing to the spine bands and panel extremities as with age. An uncommonly well-preserved example; scans etc. On request. 1 Kg. 210 pp. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: MW Books Ltd.]
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        Observations on Popular Antiquities etc etc

      T. Saint, for J. Johnson, Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1777 - 8vo. Pp, xix, 430, errata leaf, advert . Full tree calf, spine elaborately gilt, contrasting title label. Bookplates to endpapers. A near contemporary binding of high quality in excellent condition. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Leakey's Bookshop Ltd.]
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        The Royal Standard ENGLISH DICTIONARY

      THOMAS & ANDREW WEST 1777 CIRCA, BOSTON - Preface is Edinburgh, August 16, 1777; no other dates; sq 16 mo. full leather; ffeps have been removed, scuff to cvrs,some browning throughout, overall a G cy; bookplate on fep;browning pages; chipping; foxing along edges; leather cracking and chipping due to age DATE PUBLISHED: 1777 CIRCA EDITION: 491 [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Princeton Antiques Bookshop]
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        Lettere sull'' aria infiammabile nativa delle paludi.

      Milano, Giuseppe Marelli 1777 - In- 8°, legatura recente in cartone d' epoca. 147, (1) pp. Graziosa vignetta nel frontespizio e 12 testate e finaletti finemente incisi in rame (6 raffiguranti esperimenti scientifici). Timbro coevo di appartenenza. Bell' esemplare della rara edizione originale. Il testo contiene la descrizione delle ricerche voltiane sul gas che risale dalle paludi, il quale in precedenza non era stato distinto dall' > (idrogeno). L' opera del Volta concernente il nuovo gas stimolò i ricercatori a nuovi esperimenti che sfociarono nella scoperta della composizione dell' acqua. > (Guareschi, La chimica in Italia dal 1750 al 1800 in Suppl. ann. Enc. chim., 1912, pp. 395-403). > (Partington, History of chemistry, III, p. 814). Poggendorff, II, 1231. D.S.B., XV, pp. 74-76. Riccardi, Sulle opere di Alessandro Volta, p. 22 (11): >. Scolari, Alessandro Volta, p. 79 (40). Polvani, Alessandro Volta, pp. 155-66. LA SCOPERTA DEL METANO. www.libreriabrighenti.it [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Brighenti]
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        Explication des ceremonies de la Fete-Dieu d'Aix.

      Esprit David, Aix-en-Provence 1777 - A Fine Festival Book [GREGOIRE, Gaspard, pere.] Explication des ceremonies de la FÍte-Dieu díAix en Provence. . . . 12mo. [2], 220pp. Fronts. portrait of Rene díAnjou (1408-80) & 13 plates ( 1 folding with music), mostly engraved by Gaspard GREGOIRE fils (1751-1846), after drawings by his brother Paul GREGOIRE. 190 x 109 mm. Wrappers c. 1800, uncut, spine chipped. Very faint dampstain in gutter of first two leaves, a little browning & soiling. Very good copy. Aix: David, 1777.First Edition. A very full account of the Corpus Christi pageant in Aix, with twelve plates showing theater and dance, and one with notation for five accompanying pieces of music. Barbier II 378 attributes the work to the Aix silk manufacturer, Gaspard Grergoire, and his sons Gaspard and Paul. Gaspard fils manufactured a famous velvet, "velours Gregoire," which could be painted; his brother Paul became the first to paint on velvet. Their works were exhibited in Paris, at the Louvre, in the early 1800ís; the Gregoire fabrics are preserved in several French museums today. (Paul, by the way, was a deaf-mute from birth.) The Gregoires, as Aix manufacturers, would probably have had a prominent role in the pageant, which was, even in the 18th century, one of the great city affairs of the year. Doubtless they supplied cloth for the costumes, and were in a position to provide specialist descriptions of the masks and dress of the participants.The Corpus Christi pageant reached its height in the 15th century, when it became in effect the principal feast of the Church, a time for the most magnificent processions of nobles and clerics, and for the mystery plays put on by the merchants and craftsmen which were the foundation of modern theater in the countries of Europe. The late medieval traditions of the pageant were preserved at Aix still in the 18th century. Gregoire saw in them the hand of the first patron of the Aix pageant, Rene, duke of Anjou, whose daughter Marguerite married Henry VI of England. Rene was viewed around Gregoireís time as a paragon of chivalry, as well as a poet, painter and musician; he was indeed a patron of the arts, whose reputation earned him a line in Shakespeareís Henry VI ("whose large style agrees not with the leanness of his purse" quoted in Oxford companion to French literature in the article on Rene). Whatever personal guidance the duke gave the pageant, its symbolic costumes, dramas and dances were rooted in the Christian and pagan folklore of the region. Gregoire's full descriptions of the various ceremonies of the week-long springtime holiday in its last years before the French Revolution are very valuable for reconstructing French folk habits and social arrangements. Lipperheide II 2804. Benezit V 190 re the Gregoires. We note that NUC NG 0500151 shows a 1773 edition of the Explication; however, no other reference shows this, nor does the book itself give any indication of reissue: the dedication is dated January, 1777; the approbation is August, 1776; and footnotes to the text give references to the year 1776. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience]
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        Contes et Nouvelles en Vers

      n.p.: n. pub, 1777 - A counterfeit of the famous 1762 Paris ("Fermiers-Generaux") edition, with the unforgettable Eisen plates re-engraved in reverse and with new tailpieces. (For another counterfeit with charm comparable to this, see Ray 27) 2 vols., 8vo. 83 engraved plates after drawings by Charles Eisen, 44 engraved vignettes. a2-a7, A1-N4, *1-[8*]; a1-a3, A1-[S8]. xiv, 200, 13 [1]f. ; vii, 284 pp. Quarter brown morocco, gilt spines. Bookplates. Some light rubbing to spines and extremities, inner hinge of volume I starting, else very good, with clean plates and text. Cohen-de Ricci 571-72; Rochambeau 90 [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller, ABAA]
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        A Map of the County of Essex From an Actual Survey made in MDCCLXXII, MDCCLXXIII and MDCCLXXIV by John Chapman and Peter Andre.

      1777-[June 1785]., London, 1777 - The finest large-scale map of Essex Folio (440 by 390 mm), index map, and 25 double-page engraved map sheets, all with fine original hand colour, some minor offsetting, modern half calf over marbled paper boards. Chapman and André's survey of Essex was one of the most celebrated of the nineteenth century large-scale maps with a wealth of detail matched by extraordinary accuracy, even when checked against large-scale contemporary estate maps. Minor roads were depicted on a map of the county for the first time with bridges, milestones and turnpike gates, whilst on the long coastline every creek, wharf, quay, ferry, duck decoy and cliff is shown. The countryside is extensively delineated with hills, woods, parks and heaths clearly shown and often named. Except in the towns and villages, nearly every house and cottage is marked whilst the principal seats and their owners and most of the manor houses and farm houses are named. There are complete sheets devoted to the vignette title (an Essex fulling mill with two cloth beaters and Harwich and Dovercourt churches in the background) and a list of 240 subscribers. Further sheets include a general map of the county to serve as a key map, an outline of Harwich Harbour and a plan of Colchester on a scale of 168 yards to the inch including information about the town such as fairs and market days. It is unlikely that more than 300 copies of this edition were sold though there was a second smaller edition in 1785. The twenty-one sheets covering the survey of the county together with the rest of the atlas are all fully coloured by a contemporary hand to make it one of the most competent and attractive of the large-scale surveys.

      [Bookseller: Daniel Crouch Rare Books LLP]
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        The State of the Prisons in England and Wales, With Preliminary Observations, and an Account of Some Foreign Prisons. Baumgartner 1

      Printed by William Eyres, and Sold by T. Cadell [etc.], Warrington 1777 - Early cloth, gilt, a bit dusty, but a very good untrimmed copy First edition of Howard's masterwork, bringing to the public's attention as no-one before had ever done the horrific conditions in England's prisons, and so undergirding the major reforms of criminal law and its punishments then just commencing [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc., member ABAA]
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        Spaccato della bottega ad uso di caffe detta degl'Inglesi situata in piazza di Spagna?

      Rome 1777 - John Wilton-Ely plate 874No watermark is presentThis plate is from the series "Diverse Maniere d'adornare I cammini ed ogni altra parte degli edifizi desunte dall' architettura Egizia?" (John Wilton-Ely)Giovanni Battista Piranesi was one of the leading figures in the development of the neoclassical style in the late 18th Century. As architect, archaeologist, artist, designer, collector, and antiquities dealer, he produced a series of etchings and engravings depicting the glories of ancient Rome. These fine prints served as source material for other architects and designers. He was born in Venice on the 4th October 1720. The son of a stone-mason, he was educated as an architect under his maternal uncle Matto Lucchesi and under Carlo Zucchi. In 1740 Piranesi left Venice for Rome, there he studied etching under Giuseppe Vasi. He appears to have had little success in these early years in Rome and as his father was unable to continue his allowance returned to Venice in 1744. He was soon, however, encouraged to return to Rome by Giuseppe Wagner, a successful engraver and publisher of Venice. This time he achieved success, and a constant series of works, illustrating architecture and antiquities, issued from his studio until his death in 1778. His output in etched plates is enormous (about 1000 numbers in all). While he achieved a work of magnitude in pictorial records of Roman monuments of antiquity and of the Renaissance, and gave immense archæological, antiquarian, and topographical value to this work, the artistic quality always predominates. He was fond of peopling his ruins with Callot-like figures, and "like Callot makes great use of the swelling line" (Hind). He had two sons and a daughter, all of whom helped him in his work and after his death carried on his publications in Rome and Paris. They were Francesco (born 1748 or 1756; died 1810), Pietro (who lived till after 1807) and Laura (born 1750). His position in Rome and in Europe after 1760 was a prominent one. He was well-known figure to the wealthy English visitors in Rome and was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1757. Most of his life was passed in Rome, etching, writing, publishing, and directing a workshop in which the restoration and sale of antiques played a considerable part.He was famous for his poetic views of Rome and also his fantastic imaginary interiors. His skills, allied to his deep knowledge of archaeology, provided the substance for his Vedute (Views), a series of 135 etchings of ancient and contemporary Rome, published from 1745 onwards, which established the popular mental image of the city. Vasi.et Ornamenti Antichi was a collection of 110 etchings documenting large sculptural vases, together with other antiquities excavated (and in some cases created) in Italy in the 18th century. The prints were initially separately issued and sold by Piranesi over a period of several years and subsequently collected in two folio volumes, each with its own title page, in 1778. They illustrate a wide range of genuine antiquities, as well as Piranesi's own collections, from utilitarian objects such as cinerary urns, lamps, and sarcophagi to monumental vases. The plates in Vasi often included text by Piranesi with information about where the objects were discovered and their contemporary location, and the prints bore dedications to his patrons, colleagues, visitors and influential people. He believed absolutely in the supremacy of Roman over Greek architecture, an argument he expounded most forcefully in his Della magnificenza ed architettura dei Romani (On the Magnificence of Roman Architecture, 1761). his romanticized views and imaginary interiors had a profound effect on stage designers, painters of capricci such as Hubert Robert, and even writers: William Beckford, the author of the Gothic novel and Vathek . In the 20th century his imaginary interiors have been admired by the Surrealists . Reference: John Wilton-Ely. Giovanni Battista Piranesi: The

      [Bookseller: Alexandre Antique Prints, Maps & Books]
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        OPERA OMNIA. Variis interpretibus et notis illustrata. Todas las obras de Publio Virgilio Marón, ilustradas con varias interpretaciones, i notas, en lengua castellana. Tomo I-II-III-V(falta el IV).

      - En Valencia, Oficina de Josef i Thomas de Orga, 1777-1778, 11x17, 4 vols.: vol. 1: 560 p.; vol. 2: 135+307 p; vol. 3: 486 p.; vol. 5: 672 p. Edición bilingüe en latín y castellano de las obras del gran poeta, precedidas, en el primer volumen de la vida de Virgilio por Claudio Donato, a la que siguen las Bucólicas traducidas por Francisco Sánchez y Fray Luis de León; el vol. 2, contiene las Geórgicas, traducidas por Juan de Guzmán; el. vol. 3, Los seis primeros libros de La Eneida, en traducción de Fray Luís de Léon; FALTO de vol IV (continuación de la Eneida). el vol. 5: termina la Eneida, publica el Libro de Mateo Veggio, que se dice suplemento de La Eneida, por el mismo traductor, y la poesía sobre el testamento de Virgilio, La Letra de Pitágoras . Encuadernados en pergamino. (52995).

      [Bookseller: Librería J. Cintas]
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        JOURNALS OF CONGRESS, CONTAINING THE PROCEEDINGS IN THE YEAR 1776.VOLUME II.

      Philadelphia: Robert Aitken, 1777. - [2], 513, [23]pp. Early 19th-century sheep and marbled boards. Rubbed and with some wear on spine ends and corners. Text uniformly toned. Very slight paper nicks to edge of title, slight loss of corners on the paper of a few index leaves. With the signature of Richard Bland Lee on the titlepage. In a blue half morocco and cloth box, spine gilt. This volume of the Journals of Congress is one of the rarest of the series issued from 1774 to 1788. It covers the exciting events of 1776, culminating with the Declaration of Independence on July 4, an early printing of which appears here, as well as all of the other actions of Congress for the year. It is thus a vital document in the history of American independence and the American Revolution. On September 26, 1776, Congress had authorized the printer Robert Aitken to produce a uniform edition of their Journals. Aitken combined the Journals of the First and Second Continental Congresses of 1774 and 1775 (originally published by Bradford in two separate volumes) into one volume, to form Volume I of the series. The material from the first four months of 1776 was reprinted by Aitken from the monthly issues he had produced at the time strictly for the use of Congress, in an edition of eighty copies (the so called "Cartridge Paper" edition). In early 1777 he produced the rest of this volume, as Volume II of the series. This was completed in the spring or summer, and marks the first publication of the June-December, 1776 Journals. According to Aitken's account, 532 copies were completed. In the fall of 1777 the British campaign under Howe forced the Congress to evacuate Philadelphia, moving first to Lancaster and then to York, Pennsylvania. The fleeing Congress took with it what it could, but, not surprisingly, was unable to remove many copies of its printed Journals, which would have been bulky and difficult to transport. Presumably, many left behind in Philadelphia were destroyed by the British, accounting for its scarcity today. The 1776 Journals record some of the most stirring moments of the Crisis of the Revolution. Much attention is devoted to the actual organization of a civil government to manage a war. On May 15, Richard Henry Lee's proposal of independence is recorded, and the concurrence of various other states appears throughout June before the formal motion was made on July 2. The Declaration of Independence appears in full on pages 241- 246. Besides this, there is a vast quantity of material of military and political importance. This volume belonged to Richard Bland Lee, a son of one of the most prominent Virginia families of the Revolutionary era. His older brother Henry ("Light Horse Harry") was one of the most noted cavalry commanders of the Revolution, and his other older brother Charles was Attorney General of the United States from 1795 to 1801. Richard himself served in the Virginia House of Delegates in 1784-88, then served as as one of the first U.S. Representatives in 1789-95. His adherence to the Federalist party led to his defeat as a Congressman, but did not interfere with his warm personal friendship with James Madison, which continued throughout his life. The latter part of his life was devoted to managing his estates in tidewater Virginia. A nice association copy of the first Congressional printing of the Declaration of Independence. ANB 13:388. EVANS 15684.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Spirito delle leggi del signore di Montesquieu con le note dell'Antonio Genovesi.

      Domenico Terres negoziante di libri [1777], Napoli - 4 vol. in 12, antip. f.t. con ritr. dell'a. e 1 tav. f.t. con ritratto del Genovesi, entrambe incise da S. Giampiccoli; p. XVI - 364 (omesse le p. 161-164, errori di paginazione da p. 289 in poi), XV [ma XVI] 319 [1 b.], XVI - 310 [1 c. b.], 366 [1 c. b.] (collazione identica ad es. in ICCU), caratteristica cartonatura (xilografata) coeva con tass. di carta al dorso, lievi fioriture dovute al tipo di carta ma es. in ottimo stato di conservazione, ad ampi margini. Cat. Einaudi n. 3997. - In ICCU sono censite due tirature di questa edizione originale che si differenziano per l'accuratezza della numerazione delle pagine; anche sul mercato antiquario si rintracciano due diverse descrizioni bibliografiche di quest'opera sia per il numero di pagine che per il nome dell'incisore. Prima edizione del commento del Genovesi, stampata da Terres a otto anni dalla morte dell'autore. Una traduzione dello Spirito delle leggi era uscita parzialmente ad opera di Mecatti nel 1750, ma l'operazione era stata interrotta dalla censura. Terres, che possedeva il manoscritto del Genovesi, nel 1777 riuscì ad ottenere il permesso di stampa dell'opera commentata, con l'aggiunta di operette ad essa relative quali l'elogio di D'Alembert ad opera di Montesquieu, la Difesa dello Spirito delle leggi di J. Fontane de la Roche, il Ringraziamento sincero attribuito a Voltaire etc.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Palatina]
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        Bibliothèque Orientale ou Dictionnaire Universel (4 Volume Set) Contenant. Tout ce qui fait connoître les Peuples de l'Orient, Leurs histoires et traditions tant fabuleuses que véritables. Leurs religions et leurs sectes. Leurs gouvernemens, politique, loix, moeurs, coutumes, et les revolutions de leurs empires. Les arts et les sciences, La Théologie, Médecine, Mythologie, Magie, Physique, Morale, Mathematiques , Histoire Naturelle, Chronologie, Géographie, Observations Astronomiques, Grammaire et Réthorique. Les vies de leurs Saints, Philosophes, Docteurs, Poëtes, Historiens, Capitaines, & de tous ceux qui se sont rendus illustres par leur Vertu, leur Sçavoir ou leurs Actions. Des jugemens critiques et des extraits de leurs livres, Écrits

      J. Neaulme & N. van Daalen 1777-1779, La Haye [The Hague / Den Haag] - Hardcovers. 4 Vol. Set. Quarto. Four volumes: Vol. I, 1777, A-E 1-8 (prelims & Avertissement), i-xliv (Epitre, Preface, Eloge de M. D'Herbelot, list of 'Auteurs Orientaux et autres Ouvrages, citez.'), 1- 664pp. (text), Vol. II, 1777, F-M, 1-754pp., Vol. III, 1778, N-Z, 1-624pp., Vol. IV, 1779, (continuation by C. Visdelou & A. Galand) i-viii (prelims, avertissement, Contents), i-vi ('Avis de l'auteur), 7-764 (text), II (errata leaf - recto incorrectly paginated '565,' verso blank). Contemporary tree calf boards, with gilt rules at edges, stoutly rebacked with original spine, in compartments, with labels in gilt and blind, laid down. Title-pages in red-and-black. Occasional decorative devices throughout. Engraved frontispiece of D'Herbelot in Vol. I, 6 fold-out tables in Vol. IV. First published in 1697, this expanded 1777-1779 edition comprises D'Herbelot's alphabetically-arranged encyclopedia of the Orient (chiefly the Middle East) in three Vols., with a fourth Vol. (by C. Visdelou & A. Galand) largely devoted to China & Tartary, with various chapters including a 'Description de la Chine,' 'Monument du Christianisme en Chine,' 'Histoire de la Tartarie,' etc., as well as a selection of 'maxims of the Orientals,' additions to the encyclopedic listing, and a general Index to the 4 Vols. Edward Said devotes 4 pages of his Orientalism (pp. 63-66) to D'Herbelot's Bibliotheque Orientale which - with Hottinger's Historia Orientalis (1651) - 'remained the standard reference work in Europe until the early nineteenth century.' . The Cambridge History of Islam notes its importance in bringing information about Islam to a broader European audience. A landmark in the dissemination of knowledge about the Middle East and Asia to the West. Internal Hinges reinforced with cloth tape. Contemporary tree calf boards, new leather backstrip, with remains of original leather backstrip (raised bands, leather title labels, gilt devices etc. between bands) laid down. Two small unobtrusive library stamps on blanks of each volume, but no other markings (our guess is that this set was never formally accessioned into the library in question, and thus remained unmarked, however when they disposed of it they put a neat stamp to that effect on the blanks of each volume). Original backstrips are defective, lacking some sections, including 1 title label from Vol II. A little light foxing prelims, otherwise, V.G.: a remarkably clean and very solid set of one of the major works of European Orientalism. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Weiser Antiquarian Books, Inc.]
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        Spirito delle leggi del signore di Montesquieu con le note dell'abate Antonio Genovesi. Tomo primo [-quarto].

      Domenico Terres, [1777]., Napoli, - 4 volumi in-8° (cm. 19,5), legature posteriori in m. tela rossa con titolo in oro ai dorsi e piatti marmorizzati; pp. XVI, 360 e 2 tavole di ritratti dei due autori in antiporta (incisi da Giampiccoli); XVI, 319, [1 b.]; XVI, 310, [2 bb.]; 366, [2 bb.] in buono stato, grande vignetta tip. in rame ai frontespizi; sporadiche fioriture e lievi segni d'uso. Traduzione italiana dello Spirito delle Leggi con l'importante commento del Genovesi in prima edizione, qui nella tiratura che presenta maggiore accuratezza nella numerazione delle pagine. Una traduzione antecedente ad opera di Macatti (Napoli 1750) rimase interrotta dalla censura [cfr. Einaudi 3996]. Deliziosa pubblicazione nata da un prezioso manoscritto «in carattere corsivo» del defunto Genovesi, conservato dallo stampatore nel suo studio privato [p. V]. Sulle operette tradotte in fine cfr. Einaudi 3997. Buon esemplare.

      [Bookseller: Gabriele Maspero Libri Antichi]
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        Ausführliche Anleitung zu der ganzen Civil-Baukunst, worinnen die Lebensbeschreibungen des Jacob Barozzio von Vignola, und des berühmten Michel Angelo, nebst der Beschreibung der fünf Ordnungen und der vornehmsten von ihnen ausgeführten Gebäuden enthalten sind [?]. Zuerst in französischer Sprache zusammengetragen und herausgegeben von A. E. Daviler, Königl. französ. Baumeister, nachhero in das Deutsche übersetzt von Leonhard Christ. Sturm [?]. [Und:] Tabellarische Aufzeichnung, sowohl zu Mr. Davilers ausführlicher Anleitung zu der ganzen Civilbaukunst, als auch zu des Vignolae Säulenordnungen und Bogenstellungen [?]. Zum Dienst und Nutzen der Anfänger von Goldschmieden, Malern, Bildhauern, Kupferstechern [?]. Verfasst, und in diese Ordnung

      Augsburg, [Daviler:] vormals im Johann Georg Hertelischen Verlag, anjetzo käuflich an sich gebracht, verbessert und neu aufgelegt von Georg Christoph Kilian, Kunstverleger 1777; [Beuther:], Georg Christoph Kilian o. J.; [Anhang:], Johann Georg Hertel 1759, - Gr.8°, [Daviler:] Gestochenes Frontispiz, Titelbl., 1 Bl. «Nachricht wegen dieser neuen und verbesserten Auflage», 4 Bl. «Vorrede des Uebersetzers», 6 Bl. «Vorrede und Einleitung zu der Architecktur» und «Das Leben von Vignola», 2 Bl. «Inhalt», 2 Bl. «Vorrede des Vignola», S. 5 - 314 mit 2 gestochenen Teiltafeln (mit Paginierungssprung: nach S. 56 folgt S. 59), 12 Bl. Register; [Beuther:] Titelbl., S. 3 - 16. Es folgen die gestochenen Taf. zu Daviler: 139 Kupfer (meist zu zweien) auf Falttaf., und 2 Kupfer auf nicht nummerierten Falttaf., dann diejenigen zu Beuther: 12 nummerierte Kupfer auf 7 Falttaf.; [Anhang:] Titelbl., S. 3 - 23, 33 gestochene (Falt-)Taf.), Neues Priv.-HLdr. mit Rundum-Rotschnitt d. Zt., Erste 10 Bl. oben mit Verlusten und restauriert (kl. Buchstabenverlust des Titelblatts), 3 kleine Stempel a. Titelblatt, 3 cm Riss ebenda oben, tlw. etw. stockfl. u. gebräunt; die Tafeln des «Anhangs» tlw. in falscher Reihenfolge eingehängt u. knapp beschnitten (ohne Bildverlust) Augustin-Charles d' Aviler (1653-1701), franz Architekt der sich in seiner Architekturtheorie vor allem auf Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola (1507-1573) berief, dessen «Fünf Ordnungen der Baukunst» er weiterentwickellte um dessen strenges System eine geschmeidigere Ausdruckskraf zu verleihen.Vignolas literarisches Hauptwerk bildet das architekturtheoretische Lehrbuch »Regola delle cinque ordini d'architettura« (Regeln der fünf Ordnungen der Architektur) von 1562, in dem er sich darum bemühte, architektonische Gliederungselemente in einer festen Wechselbeziehung von Zahlen zu normieren. Seine 1573 unvollendet hinterlassene Perspektivenlehre »Le due regole di prospettiva pratica« (Zwei Regeln der praktischen Perspektive - Bologna 1583) enthält seine Biographie. Vignola präsentierte praktische Anwendungen ohne theoretische Unklarheiten, die verständlich und umsetzbar waren. Dadurch wurde Vignola neben Serlio und Palladio einer der drei Autoren, die den italienischen Stil über ganz Europa verbreiteten. Seine zwei großen Meisterwerke sind die Villa Farnese in Caprarola und die Jesuiten-Kirche Il Gesù in Rom. 2100 gr. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: antiquariat peter petrej]
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        Lettres et épitres Amoureuses

      - In two volumes. Genève, 1777. Contemporary full burgundy morocco with triple gilt fillets to boards, green morocco title labels and gilt floral spines in seven compartments separated with double ruled gilt bands; aeg; inner dentelles gilt; vibrant blue endpapers; 12mo, 11.7x7.2 cms. Two copper portrait frontispieces, two vignette title pages, two half title-pages and woodcut decorations as section dividers.A real gem, in fantastic condition. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Classic Bindings ABA ILAB]
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        Poems supposed to have been written at Bristol [with] A Vindication of the Appendix to the Poems Called Rowley's. In Reply to the Answers of the Dean of Exeter

      London: T. Payne, 1777. First Edition. Hardcover (Half Leather). Very Good Condition. Rebound in half morocco by J.W. Meyer. First edition, c4 cancelled and in the second state, extra engraved title lacking, scattered mostly minor foxing, quite clean otherwise and with the errata at the rear. xxvii, 307pp with one engraved specimen plate. Bound with Tyrwhitt's Vindication. vii, 223pp, also a bit foxed but otherwise clean.& & Though a hoax, and possibly intended to be an obvious one, Chatterton's poems were revered, then reviled, then revered again by a number of the Romantic poets. Tyrwhitt's Vindication, here in the first edition, is quite scarce. Size: Octavo (8vo). Quantity Available: 1. Shipped Weight: Under 1 kilo. Category: Literature & Literary; Poetry. Inventory No: 044860.

      [Bookseller: Pazzo Books]
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        Carte du theatre de la guerre entre les Anglais et les Americains: dressee d'apres les cartes Anglaises les plus Modernes

      Paris, 1777. AN IMPORTANT MAP SHOWING AMERICAN AND BRITISH TROOP POSITIONS DURING THE AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE Engraving with original hand-color 30 1/4" x 21" . Book.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        A Red-whiskered bulbul, Pycnontus Jocosus

      India UNIQUE INDIAN WATERCOLOR FROM THE HIGHLY IMPORTANT IMPEY COLLECTION Pencil, pen and ink and watercolor with gum arabic, heightened with bodycolor Paper size: 18 1/8" x 26 1/2" Frame size: 28 1/2" x 37" Inscribed: Fine Ear/ In the Collection of Lady Impey in Calcutta/ Painted by [Shaikh Zayn-al-Din] Native of Patna 1777 (lower left) and further inscribed in Urdu and Persian (lower left) and numbered 20 (upper left) Provenance: Sir Elijah and Lady Impey During the years that Sir Elijah Impey (1732-1809) and his wife Mary spent in India, they commissioned a unique and highly important collection of original Indian artwork. In 1774, Sir Elijah was appointed the first Chief Justice in Bengal, as a result of the new Regulating Act which required the establishment of law courts in Calcutta. While he set about collecting Indian and Persian manuscripts and miniatures, his wife Mary, bound to the home by family duties and frequent childbirth, established a menagerie in the grounds of their Calcutta house. Recognizing a profound level of talent in several Indian artists, she employed at least three to paint the striking, exotic flora and fauna in her garden. Foremost among these artists were Shaikh Zayn-al-Din (fl. 1777-1782) and Ram Das (fl. 1777-1782). Both artists were trained in the Mughal tradition of the Persian court painters, and their work demonstrates outstanding talent for capturing detail and color. . Book.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        Depart pour le sabat / Arrivéè au Sabat.

      Paris, Chez Aliamet, 1777 circa. Coppia di incisioni in rame all'acquaforte, b / n, cm 28 x 38,4 (alla lastra); 37,5 x 27,5 (alla lastra). Da dipinti di David Teniers e con l'incisione di Jacques Aliamet, due inconsuete e curiose stampe sulla pratica sabbatica compiuta alla maniera contadinesca e popolare. "Le Depart" presenta uno strappo al margine bianco inferiore; "l'Arrivée" presenta uno strappo al margine bianco superiore che tocca la parte incisa, il margine inferiore è rifilato in prossimità della battuta. Fogli leggermente ingialliti, l'insieme dell' l'inciso in buono stato di conservazione.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Botteghina D'arte G]
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        Imprest Document, a receipt for a Bill of Exchange payable to Abraham Chiron at the Cape of Good Hope

      London: Victualling Office, 1777. Manuscript in ink on official paper (watermark "GR" with a crown), written in ink on one side of a single sheet, 239 x 201 mm, small folio; the paper browned from age but clear and legible; edges discoloured, professionally removed from a mount. D. Rare document from Cook's third and last voyage. Rare document relating to the provisioning of Cook's third voyage ships at the Cape of Good Hope. Very few original documents relating to Cook's voyages survive today outside institutional ownership. This document marks the payment through London of £240 to the Cape Town agent Abraham Chiron; though such calculations can only be very approximate, that sum in 1776 might be equivalent to something in the region of thirty or forty thousand pounds today. The Resolution, with Cook in command, had sailed from Plymouth on 12 July 1776. Clerke in the Discovery was delayed in London and did not follow until 1 August. On the way to Cape Town the Resolution had stopped at Tenerife to add to supplies, reaching Cape Town on 17 October at which time Cook called for the ship to be re-caulked as she had been taking water, especially through the main deck. Cook noted for 23 October that "the caulkers had been set to work to caulk the ship; and I had concerted measures with Messrs Brandt and Chiron, for supplying both ships with such provisions as I should want. Bakers, likewise, had been ordered, immediately after our arrival, to bake such a quantity of bread as I thought would be requisite. As fast as the several articles destined for the Resolution were got ready, they were carried on board." When the Discovery arrived on 10 November she was also found to be in need of re-caulking. The two ships remained at the Cape until the end of November. Abraham Chiron, the agent who provided supplies for Cook's ships in return for the Bill of Exchange now being collected from the Treasury, was a significant figure in late-18th-century Cape Town. A German immigrant, he became the first Presiding Master of the first South African Freemason lodge (the Lodge de Goede Hoop). We also come across his name in connection with a report that he wrote on the wreck of the East Indiaman Grosvenor. Various rates and currencies are used in the conversion: Rix Dollars and Stivers were both currencies widely used in Europe and were the standard units of exchange in such dealings, as was the "Flemish pound" referred to in the document, though by this date it was a rather antiquated unit, while the "Agio", noted in the document as "the usual Advance" of 8% was a commission or "cost plus" charge. It is interesting to note that Cook is described in the document as "Commander and Purser"; he was of course exercising his role as Purser in the acquisition of stores at Cape Town The relevant Bill was finally honoured by the Victualling Office who authorised the Treasury to pay out on it with this Imprest Document, signed off by various officers of the Victualling Office, including Joah Bates and Jonas Hanway. Bates was a protégé of Lord Sandwich; musically gifted, he conducted a performance of the Messiah in which the astronomer Herschel played first violin! Hanway was the celebrated merchant and philanthropist who was also a governor of the Foundling Hospital and the prime founder in 1756 of the Marine Society, the well-known charity which took in destitute orphan boys and raised them for sea service. He was also said to have been the first man to use an umbrella in London, and was consequently ridiculed by Dr Johnson. For a recent study of the Board and its functions (albeit at a slightly later period) see Janet MacDonald, The British Navy's Victualling Board, 1793-1815: Management Competence and Incompetence (Boydell & Brewer, 2010). The Cook expert Cliff Thornton has kindly shared with us some research into similar documents of the period. The present piece receipts one of altogether eleven Bills of Exchange issued by Cook at the Cape, just one of which is known to survive today (Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand). Cook lists the Bills in two letters to the Victualling Board of 28 November 1776 (reproduced by Beaglehole, Journals, III part 2, p. 1522). Three of the eleven were issued to Abraham Chiron, the present one for 1000 Rix Dollars and the other two for 2000 RD and 690 RD. Cook was concerned to justify these transactions and that the Bills would indeed be honoured, writing the same day to the Admiralty Secretary (Beaglehole, op cit p.1523) that work done to the Discovery "has detained me here some days longer than I expected. I am now ready to put to sea with the first wind, having filled the Sloops with Provisions and made some considerable addition to the Live-Stock onboard the Resolution intended to be sent to Otaheite. As I have taken the liberty to do this with a view of serving Posterity, by having some to spare to leave on the lands I may touch at before I arrive at that Island, I hope it will meet their Lordships approbation, and that they will order the Bill to be honoured [details of one of the Bills of Exchange]… being for the Purchase and keeping the Livestock, supporting Omai and for defraying Mr Webber's expences…". The great interest over the last two centuries in any documents relating to Cook's voyages explains their rarity on the market. This particular document was rediscovered with an otherwise unrelated letter by James Cook behind a picture in an English country house in 2002; the discovery has been written up by Cliff Thornton (Cook's Log, vol. 35, no. 2, 2012). In this context it is interesting to note the appearance at auction in 1844 of a related Bill of Exchange for 2000 RD given by Cook to Abraham Chiron for one of his two other transactions with him. In 1844 the Exchequer evidently decided to lighten its archives by selling off items considered to be surplus to requirements (advertised in The Times for Friday 19 July 1844). The auctioneer Fletcher was commissioned to dispose of several thousand manuscripts. Amongst the items was a pair of documents, described in a contemporary newspaper report as: "Autograph of Captain James Cook, the celebrated voyager, to a draft on the commissioners of the victualling office for 2000 rix dollars, in payment of supplies to the Resolution and Discovery, dated Cape of Good Hope, 28 November 1766 [sic], with the orders of the commissioners for payment, signed James Hanway and others" (in other words offered together were a Bill of Exchange from the Cape, together with its Treasury Imprest equivalent to the present document, similarly signed off by Hanway). However at the last minute the sale of the Exchequer papers was prohibited by the Attorney-General. "The information was forthwith made known to the gentlemen in the rooms, among whom it was said was an official representative from the British Museum, who would have purchased the lots for that national establishment. The announcement of this injunction was, of course, received with much astonishment, but, it is almost unnecessary to say that it was at once complied with…" (Morning Chronicle). TRANSCRIPTION Imprest To Treasurer Received 18 June 1777 No. 557. We pray you to pay the Bill of Exchange hereunto annext for two Hundred forty pounds sixteen Shillings and sixpence Sterling, drawn on us 28 November 1776 from the Cape of Good Hope, by Captain Jas. Cook Commander and Purser of his Majesty's Sloop Resolution, payable at thirty days sight to Mr Abraham Chiron or order value receiv'd of him in one Thousand Rix dollars at forty eight Stivers p/ Rix dollar, with the usual Advance of eight p/Cent Agio, 104 7/8 for 100 Exchange at 34.21/2 Flemish pound Sterling being for provisions purchased for the use of his Majesty's Sloops Resolution and Discovery: to be charged as an Imprest on Captain Cook. Dated at the Victualling Office London 18th June 1777 Signatures of: ?JLBxxx?, Joah Bates, Jonas Hanway, J. Cewletham? Annotated at side: £240.16.6. Witness Thomas Johnson, squiggle, Jos Edward, Van Harthal At head a later pencil note "Miss Clark

      [Bookseller: Hordern House Rare Books]
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        The Province of New Jersey Divided intonto East and West, commonly called the Jerseys

      London, 1777. THE MOST IMPORTANT MAP OF NEW JERSEY FROM THE TIME OF THE REVOLUTION Engraving with original hand color Provenance: Collection of Lord Percy, Duke of North Umberland. Book plate on reverse of map. . Book.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        Scorodomoff, Gabriel. - Nach Angelika Kauffmann. - "Amor und die drei Grazien".

      . Farbkupferstich / Punktstich, 1777. Von Gabriel Scorodomoff, nach Angelica Kauffmann. 28,5 cm (Darstellung / Durchmesser) / 36,2 x 31,3 cm (Platte) / 37,5 x 32,5 cm (Blatt). Rechts unterhalb der Darstellung signiert, darunter englisch bezeichnet: "Cupid no more shall Hearts betray. / The Graces steal His Power away". Datum 1777 und Verlegeradresse H. Bryer in London. - Ursprünglich zu einer 4 Blätter umfassenden Serie gehörend, die Gabriel Scorodomoff 1777 in roter Punktmanier für die russische Zarin Katharina II. nach Gemälden der Angelika Kauffmann gestochen und bei R. Sayer & J. Benett in London verlegt hat. - Blatt schwach lichtgebräunt. Sonst guter Erhaltungszustand. Gabriel Scorodomoff (1748 St. Petersburg - 1792). Auch Gavril Inanovich und Gawril Ivanowitsch sowie Scorodumoff oder Skorodomoff. Russischer Maler und Radierer. Nach seiner Ankunft in England 1773 Schüler von Francesco Bartolozzi, von dem er die Technik der Stipplemanier übernahm. Erhielt als Reproduktionsstecher das Recht auf sämtliche Bilderfindungen von Angelika Kauffmann. Besonders geschätzt sind seine Blätter in feinster roter Punktmanier. Angelica Kauffmann (1741 Chur - 1807 Rom). Schweizerisch-österreichische Malerin und Radiererin. Erregte schon früh durch ihre künstlerische und musikalische Begabung Aufsehen. Tochter des Tochter des Porträt- und Freskenmalers Joseph Johann Kauffmann. Sie war Schülerin ihres Vaters und anderer Lehrer in Como und in Mailand. 1754-57 hielt sich die Familie in Mailand am Hofe des Herzogs Modena d'Este auf. Nach dem Tod ihrer Mutter kehrte sie mit ihrem Vater nach Schwarzenberg zurück. 1757-59 führten sie mehrere Auträge nach Meersburg und Tettnang. 1760-62 unternahm sie mit ihrem Vater eine weitere Studienreise nach Italien (Mailand, Modena und Parma). 1762 wurde sie Ehrenmitglied der Accademia Clementina di Bologna und erhielt das Diplom der Accademia del Disegno. 1763-66 war sie mit ihrem Vater in Rom ansässig. In dieser Zeit wurde sie mit dem Porträt von Johann Joachim Winckelmann bekannt. Zwischenzeitlich besuchte sie Neapel und Ischia. 1765 wurde sie Mitglied der Accademia di San Luca in Rom. 1766 übersiedelten sie von Italien nach London. Im Jahre 1768 gehörte sie als einzige Frau zu den Gründungsmitgliedern der Royal Academy. 1781 heiratete sie den venezianische Maler Antonio Zucchi. Darauf reiste das Paar und Kauffmanns Vater nach Flandern, Schwarzenberg, Verona und Padua. Nach dem Tod des Vaters 1782 in Venedig, richtete sich das Paar in Rom ein..

      [Bookseller: Galerie Himmel]
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        Kst.- Karte, n. Robert de Vaugondy aus Diderot and d'Alembert Emcyclopaedie, "Carte de la Californie Suivant".

      . 1777, 29 x 36,5. Oben rechts die Titelkartusche. Interessante Karte, die in 5 Detailkarten die unterschiedliche Darstellungsart von Californien auf Landkarten demonstriert. (Five maps on one sheet, showing the development of the mapping of California). Karte I: Matheiu Necrou Pecci map von 1604 ( Calfifornien als Halbinsel ) Karte II: Karte von Sanson (16656 ) Californien als Insel Karte III: Karte von de L'Isle Karte IV: Karte von Father Kino aus dem Jahre 1705, die bewies, das Californien eine Halbinsel ist. Karte V: Karte des Jesuiten aus dem Jahre 1767, die die Kino Karte verbesserte.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        Lengthy Unsigned Manuscript by the Signer

      1777. unbound. 2 pages (front and back) completely in George Read's hand, 9.25 x 7.75 inches, no place, May, 1777. Titled "State of Joseph Vance's Case," this legal draft outlines the transfer of property between several prominent Delaware families. The case appears to be very problematic as it concerns guardianships for minors, joint-owned parcels of land, and disagreements on what mode of payment will be acceptable to the estate. It is likely that the participants in this case did not hold firmly to the "Revolutionary Cause" or perhaps, in the ability of the Continental Army in defeating Great Britain. Read has written on page two (in the second to last line from): "Benjamin Lakerman - paid. Took Negroes to avoid being paid in Continental money." Much more interesting content. Horizontal folds; very good(+) condition. American lawyer, politician, and member of the Continental Congress. He signed the Declaration of Independence as a representative from the state of Delaware.

      [Bookseller: Argosy Book Store ]
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        IN COUNCIL OF SAFETY. LANCASTER, NOVEMBER 8, 1777. ORDERED, THAT...BE AUTHORISED AND REQUIRED TO COLLECT WITHOUT DELAY FROM SUCH OF THE INHABITANTS OF THE COUNTY OF...AS HAVE NOT TAKEN THE OATH OF ALLEGIANCE AND ABJURATION, OR WHO HAVE AIDED OR ASSISTED THE ENEMY, AND FROM SUCH WELL-AFFECTED PERSONS AS MAY BE ABLE TO SPARE THEM, ARMS AND ACCOUTREMENTS...FOR THE ARMY

      Lancaster: Printed by Francis Bailey, [1777].. Broadside, 13 x 8 1/4 inches. Old folds. Small separation at center cross- fold. Old 2 1/2 x 2-inch stain in center. Very good. In a half morocco box. A remarkable circular letter from the Pennsylvania Council of Safety, authorizing the seizure of goods from American Loyalists so that those items could be given to the bedraggled Continental Army, which would soon be wintering at nearby Valley Forge. Patriotic Americans are also asked to give what they can of arms and clothing for the war effort. We are unable to locate any other copies of this rare and significant directive. The Pennsylvania Council of Safety evacuated Philadelphia when the British occupied the city in September 1777. On October 21, 1777, having removed to Lancaster, they issued a proclamation authorizing the confiscation of the estates and property of any American who fought in the British army, and of anyone who provided material comfort and support to the British occupiers. The present proclamation, also issued from Lancaster, directs eleven men, whose names are provided in manuscript, to collect goods that would be of the utmost importance for Washington's troops at Valley Forge. Among the specific items listed are "arms and accoutrements, blankets, woolen cloth, linceywoolsey, linnen, shoes and stockings for the army." These goods were to be collected from any inhabitant of the county "as have not taken the oath of allegiance and abjuration, or who have aided or assisted the enemy." Patriotic Americans able to contribute goods for the Continental Army are also asked to give what they can. The specific county in which these collections are to take place has not been filled in in this copy of the Council's circular letter. Added in a contemporary manuscript hand at the conclusion of the printed text is the following note: "all officers civilian & military are hereby required and directed on application from the Commissioners above or any of them to be aiding and assisting in the execution of these orders." The text is signed in print by Thomas Wharton, Junior, President of the Council of Safety. No copies of this broadside circular are listed in Evans, Bristol, Shipton & Mooney, NAIP, or ESTC. Rare, and highly evocative of the deprivation that Washington's troops faced at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-78, and the desperate measures taken to support them.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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