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        An Account of the Voyages undertaken... for making discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere

      London: for W. Strahan & T. Cadell, 1773. 3 volumes, quarto. (11 x 8 3/4 inches). 52 plates, maps and charts (39 folding). Second edition of vols.I and II, including Hawkesworth's reply to Mr. Dalrymple, and first edition of vol.III. Cf. Beddie 648 and 650; cf. Hill (2004) 782 and 783. [Second Voyage] - James COOK. A Voyage towards the South Pole, and around the World. London: for W.Strahan & T.Cadell, 1779. 2 volumes, quarto (11 x 8 3/4 inches). Engraved portrait frontispiece of Cook by J. Basire after W. Hodges and 63 engraved plates, charts and maps (30 folding), 1 folding letterpress table. (Plates XXXVI and XXXVII in vol.I shaved as usual, portrait shaved, plate LXI facing p.342 in vol.I expertly repaired). Third edition. Beddie 1226; cf. Sabin 16245. [Third Voyage] - James COOK & Captain James KING. A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean... for making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere. London: H. Hughs for G.Nicol & T.Cadell, 1785. 4 volumes (Text: 3 vols., quarto [11 x 8 5/8 inches]; Atlas vol. of plates: 1 vol., large folio [21 1/8 x 15 1/4 inches]). Text: engraved title vignettes, 1 folding letterpress table, 24 engraved maps, coastal profiles and charts (13 folding). (Charts number 80 and 81, here facing pp.409 and 420 in vol.II, shaved at the outer edge). Atlas vol.: 63 engraved plates, plans and maps only (2 folding). Second (and best) edition. Beddie 1552; Forbes Hawaiian National Bibliography 85; cf. Sabin 16250. KIPPIS, Andrew (1725-1795). The Life of Captain James Cook. London: Printed for G. Nichol and G.G. J. and J. Robinson, 1788. Quarto (10 3/4 x 9 inches). Engraved portrait frontispiece of Cook by Heath, unsigned but after Nathaniel Dance. (Lacks half-title). Beddie 1962; Hill (2004) 935; Holmes 69; Sabin 37954. Together, 10 volumes. Expertly bound to style in 18th-century diced russia, covers with decorative roll tool border, spines divided into six (text) or eight (atlas) compartments by horizontal fillets and decorative rolls, red morocco lettering-piece in the second, green morocco label in the fourth, with small onlaid oval of red morocco bearing the volume number of the text vols. or the word Atlas, the compartments otherwise decorated with star and circle tool at each corner and large centrally-placed star tool or fouled-anchor tool, sprinkled edges. A fine complete set of all three of Cook's great voyages of discovery: "the basis for any collection of Pacific books" (Hill), here including the first edition of Kippis's "Life of Captain James Cook," the first and most important English biography of the famed explorer. Cook's first voyage included visits to Tahiti and New Zealand, and the tracing of the east coast of Australia was one of the most perilous feats of navigation in the whole recorded history of exploration. The second voyage pushed further south than any previous navigators in search of a southern continent, as well as visiting numerous Pacific islands. The third voyage returned to islands previously visited, discovered Hawaii, and explored the northwest coast of America from Alaska to Oregon. The text of these official reports form an invaluable record of the voyages, but they are enhanced enormously by the 219 plates, maps, charts and views. This set includes the preferred second edition of the Third Voyage. The typography of the second edition text of the third voyage is generally considered superior to the first (Hughs took over the printing from Strahan and re-set all the text). Contemporary support for this view is reported by Forbes who quotes an inscription in a set presented by Mrs. Cook to her doctor which notes "the second edition being much superior to the first both in paper & letterpress." Also included with this set is the 1782 first edition of Kippis's biography, the first and most important English biography of Cook which "was intended to give a well-balanced account of his life from birth to death" (Hill). It includes his early life as well as details his surveys of Newfoundland and Labrador and his three voyages, but most importantly Kippis reprints most of David Samwell's eyewitness account of Cook's death. "The famous accounts of Captain Cook's three voyages form the basis for any collection of Pacific books. In three great voyages Cook did more to clarify the geographical knowledge of the southern hemisphere than all his predecessors had done together. He was really the first scientific navigator and his voyages made great contributions to many fields of knowledge" (Hill).

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        [Medals of the Sovereigns of England]

      1773. Engravings of Dassier’s Medals of the Sovereigns of England[NUMISMATICS]. [DASSIER, Jean]. [An Explanation of Dassier’s Medals of the Sovereigns of England]. [N.p.: n.d., ca. 1797].Blank book with mounted engravings of thirty-three medals, including thirty-one medals by Jean Dassier of the Sovereigns of England from William I to George II, including Oliver Cromwell (without the medals of the medals for Richard III, Henry VII, and Henry VIII), as well as medals of George III (by Lewis Pingo) and Queen Charlotte (by John Kirk). Twelvemo (6 3/8 x 3 3/4 inches; 162 x 95 mm.). [33] leaves, each with two mounted engravings showing the recto and verso of a medal. Each leaf separated by a guard leaf.Bound in late eighteenth-century full red roan. Covers with gilt single fillet border, smooth spine ruled in gilt, board edges and turn-ins decoratively tooled in gilt, all edges gilt, marbled endpapers. Spine, corners, and board edges rubbed. A few areas of slight discoloration on covers. Pencilled annotations on verso of one leaf. An excellent copy.The engravings are most likely cut from An Explanation of Dassier’s Medals of the Sovereigns of England, a series of six engraved plates of the Kings and Queens of England, by Pye, c. 1773, the final plate with additional medals of George III and Queen Charlotte, followed by 7 pp. of explanatory text, reduced landscape folio. “The additional medals chosen are interesting, the first the undated medal of George III, by Lewis Pingo. Eimer [Pingo, 54], dates the medal to c. 1775, when the medal was exhibited at the Free Society of Artists. Stainton (private notes) believed it to have been used by the Welch Society. However it is catalogued by Brown [BHM 265], following Col. Grant’s lead, as "American Independence", and placed ten years later in 1785. The second medal is John Kirk’s medal of Queen Charlotte, for the founding of the Medical Society of London in 1773 [BHM 184]. It would seem logical to date the book to 1773-1776” (Coin Archive).A complete listing of the engravings is available upon request.Swiss medallist Jean (John) Dassier (1676-1763) “trained under his father Domaine Dassier (1641–1719), chief engraver at the Geneva Mint, and studied in Paris under Jean Mauger and Joseph Roettier. From 1711 he was assistant engraver at the Geneva Mint and in 1720 succeeded his father as chief engraver, a post he held until his death. Around 1720 he designed and executed his first series of medals: those of French monarchs (72 medals) and religious reformers (around 24). In 1728 he visited England, where he refused the offer of a position at the Royal Mint. In 1731 he issued a series of medals dedicated to George II, depicting British sovereigns from William I to George II. This consisted of 35 medals available in gold, silver and bronze, some of which were damascened. He was joined in this project by his second son, and the medals are described in his A Sett of Medals of all the Kings of England (London, 1731) and An Explanation of the Medals of the English Monarchs Engraved by John Dassier and Son (Birmingham, 1731)” (Grove Art Online).“Having being presented to Queen Caroline, perhaps through the good offices of Wake, Dassier set out proposals for a set of thirty-three medals of English sovereigns from William I to George II, to whom the series was dedicated. Based on engravings by George Vertue for Paul Rapin de Thoyras’s History of England, these were advertised in the prospectus published in 1730 for purchase by subscription at 6 guineas for sets in copper and at 15 guineas for silver. During his second stay in England Dassier also planned, according to Vertue, to engrave many remarkable persons noted for great Actions in the government of this nation in Times passd. and learned men of all degrees lately or formerly or of the present time which he proposes to grave at his own expence. (Vertue, Note books, 3.51–2). Medals of Milton, Bacon, and Selden were included in this set. Together these two medallic series belong to those series of historicizing portraits in different media that were being formulated at Stowe and elsewhere during the 1730s to represent figures from the national past” (ODNB).

      [Bookseller: David Brass Rare Books, Inc.]
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        An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere ; A Voyage Towards the South Pole, and Round the World ; A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean Undertaken, by the Command of His Majesty, for Making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere [Complete Set of Voyages in 8 Vol. With Atlas]

      London: W. Strahan & T. Cadell 1773;1784 and W. & A. Strahan 1784 1773-1784, 2nd Edition, 4th Edition, 1st Edition respectively.. () [xxvi] A4, 456,[xiv] 410,394,[xl] 378,396,[xcvi] 421,549,558pp. Near fine. 8 vol in Quarto. Atlas in folio. Finely bound in matching modern full calf with atlas in 1 / 4 calf; ruled boards with blind stamped ornamental panels. Navy blue labels to spines of all volumes; gilt rules with raised bands. Previous owner's name in pencil to all title pages of text volumes(J. Hudson, dated 1816). First voyage with 52 plates, maps and charts; many folding. Errata and introduction to second edition bound in. Includes chart of the Streights of Magellan. Second voyage with 63 plates, engraved frontis by Basire from Hodges' portrait of Cook; maps and charts. Third voyage with a total of 86 plates and maps, bound into text and in seperate atlas volume. Complete set of Cook's voyages to the southern hemisphere, South Pole and South Pacific. The discovery and exploration of the previously unknown southern hemisphere rank "with those of Columbus, Magellan and Tasman" (Maggs 1715) Cook's first Voyage on the Endeavor (1768-1771) resulted in the exploration of New Zealand and its annexation along with Australia by the British Empire. His second Voyage resulted in the acknowledged existence of the Antarctic continent, in addition to further explorations of New Zealand. The third and final Voyage sought the Northwest Passage; though Cook was prevented from advancing further than the Bering Strait. He was killed in the Hawaiian Islands during his return from the north-western Pacific coast..

      [Bookseller: Aquila Books]
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        Oeuvres De Moliere, Avec Des Remarques Grammaticales; Des Avertissemens Et Des Observations Sur Chaque Piece

      Paris: Par la Compagnie des Libraires Associes, 1773.. Octavo, 6 volumes; complete set. Contemporary calf, inner dentelles, marbled endpapers, all edges gilt. In good condition. Portrait frontispiece of Moliere in volume one and 27 other full page engravings.

      [Bookseller: Raptis Rare Books, ABAA/ ILAB]
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        AN ACCOUNT OF THE VOYAGES UNDERTAKEN BY THE ORDER OF HIS PRESENT MAJESTY...PERFORMED BY COMMODORE BYRON, CAPTAIN WALLIS, CAPTAIN CARTERET AND CAPTAIN COOK

      London. 1773.. [with:] Cook, James: A VOYAGE TOWARDS THE SOUTH POLE, AND ROUND THE WORLD...IN THE YEARS 1772, 1773, 1774, AND 1775.... London. 1784. [with:] Cook, James: A VOYAGE TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN.... London. 1784-85. [with:] Kippis, Andrew: THE LIFE OF CAPTAIN JAMES COOK. London. 1788. Ten volumes including atlas volume. A complete set of Cook's three voyages, being the second (and best) edition of the first voyage, the first edition of the second voyage, and a mixed set of the third voyage (volumes one and two are from the second edition, volume three from the first edition), with the plates of the third voyage bound in an atlas (lacks the rare "Death of Cook" plate, as usual), and with Kippis' biography of Cook. Text volumes: Large quarto. Contemporary calf, expertly rebacked. Atlas: Large folio. Modern three quarter calf over contemporary boards, expertly rebacked in appropriate manner. Boards slightly worn, particularly at edges. Upper right corner of upper board of volume two of third voyage chipped. Light foxing and dampstaining in some volumes, particularly in margins. Some paper restoration on some of the plates in the atlas, particularly in the corners. Armorial bookplates. Overall a very good set. A basic set for the history of Pacific exploration. The first voyage describes Cook's explorations of New Zealand, Australia, Tahiti, and other islands; the second describes his southern voyages in search of a southern continent; and the third is his north Pacific explorations of Alaska, the Northwest Coast, and Hawaii, where the great navigator met his death. Of equal importance as a text of exploration, a cartographic source for the numerous maps and charts included in the work, and a visual source of the engravings of fauna, flora, and inhabitants of the Pacific. In all, the entire set contains more than two hundred maps and plates. HILL 782, 783. HOWES C729a (3rd voyage). HOLMES 5, 24, 47. BEDDIE 650, 1216, 1552. LADA- MOCARSKI 37 (3rd voyage). MITCHELL LIBRARY, COOK BIBLIOGRAPHY, passim. FORBES HAWAII 62 (3rd voyage). ROSOVE ANTARCTIC 77 (2nd voyage).

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        An Account of the Voyages undertaken by the order of His Present Majesty for making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere, and successively performed by Commodore Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret, and Captain Cook, in the Dolphin, the Swallow, and the Endeavour; Drawn up from the journals which were kept by the several Commanders, and from the papers of Joseph Banks

      London: printed for W. Strahan, and T. Cadell, 1773. 3 volumes, quarto. (11 3/8 x 9 inches). 52 engraved maps and plates (41 folding). (Pp.xxix- xxxiv and 425-496 misbound in vol.I; neatly repaired 3 1/2 inch tear to pp.571/572 in vol.I). Contemporary diced russia, single gilt fillet border, expertly rebacked to style, the spines in six compartments with raised bands, black morocco lettering-piece in the second compartment, red/brown morocco lettering-piece in the third, the others with repeat decoration in gilt and blind. A fine copy of an early issue of the first edition of the work which includes the official account of Cook's first voyage. One of the standard works of Pacific voyages, giving an account of English voyages of the 1760s in the first volume, and of Cook's first voyage in the second and third volumes. The first volume includes an account of John Byron's voyage to the Tuamoto Islands and the Gilberts, as well as Capt. Wallis' voyage of discovery to Tahiti and Moorea. Captain Carteret's discovery of Pitcairn Island is also told. The majority of the book, of course, is devoted to an account of Cook's first Pacific voyage. "The first voyage under Captain Cook's command on the Endeavour was primarily of a scientific nature. The expedition was to sail to Tahiti in order to observe the transit of Venus across the disk of the sun, to determine the earth's distance from the sun, and also to carry on the geographical discovery that John Byron had started. Entering the Pacific around Cape Horn, Cook reached Tahiti in 1769 and carried out the necessary astronomical observations ... Leaving Tahiti in July, Cook discovered, named, and charted the Society Islands, and then, heading southwest, explored New Zealand ... then headed towards Australia and discovered and charted the eastern coast for 2,000 miles, naming the area New South Wales ... Both Australia and New Zealand were annexed by Britain as a result of this voyage which began in 1768 and ended in 1771" (Hill pp.277-8). An early issue of the first edition, this copy includes the Chart of the Straits of Magellan, but does not include the directions for placing the cuts. Beddie 648; Hill (2004) 782; Holmes 5; Sabin 30934.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        AN ACCOUNT OF THE VOYAGES UNDERTAKEN BY THE ORDER OF HIS PRESENT MAJESTY FOR MAKING DISCOVERIES IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE, AND SUCCESSIVELY PERFORMED BY COMMODORE BYRON, CAPTAIN WALLIS, CAPTAIN CARTERET AND CAPTAIN COOK

      London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1773.. Three text volumes and one atlas volume. [12],xxxvi,[4],[8],456; xiv,410; 395pp. Fifty- two plates, maps, and charts, mostly folding. Mid-20th- century half calf over cloth covered boards, spine gilt. New South Wales institutional library bookplate in each volume. Inner hinges reinforced in all volumes. Light age-toning, occasional moderate foxing and dampstaining in text and atlas volumes. One chart with 3 1/2-inch tear at right margin (some loss to printed area), a few plates and maps with small loss at folds. A very good set. One of the standard works of Pacific voyages, giving an account of English voyages of the 1760s in the first volume, and of Cook's first voyage in volumes two and three. This is the second edition, containing Hawkesworth's expanded introduction replying to the attacks of Alexander Dalrymple, and with separately paginated volumes. This second edition was issued the same year as the first, and because of the added material is considered more desirable. This set has been bound with all of the maps and plates removed from the text and bound separately in a fourth volume. The accounts in this set are among the most famous in the history of exploration: Wallis' voyage to Tahiti in the first volume, and the voyages of Cook to New Zealand, Tahiti and Australia. A very good set of one of the cornerstone accounts of the exploration of the Pacific Ocean. BEDDIE 650. HILL 783. HOLMES 5. SABIN 30934.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere and successively performed by Commodore Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret, and Captain Cook, in the Dolphin, the Swallow, and the Endeavour: Drawn up from the Journals Which Were Kept by the Several Commanders, and From the Papers of Joseph Banks, Esq

      London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1773. First edition. Spines a bit rubbed with slight loss of leather at top of volume I, covers slightly rubbed, some moderate water staining primarily in lower margin only affecting a few leaves in volume I, moderate waterstain about 3/4 height of first 11 leaves in inner margins of volume II, very minor waterstain upper right margin affecting 4 leaves of volume III, spine labels lacking on volume III; leaf 557/558 with small closed tear in right margin. Quarto [leaf size 28.5 x 23 cm). Three volumes. [12], xxxvi, [3], [1, blank], [458, numbered 678, omitting 140-360]; [1, blank], xv, [1], (1)-410; [6],(411) -799, [1, blank] pp. Illustrated with engraved plates and charts (some folding) all in clean and crisp condition, no tears or brown spots, with the exception of "Hawkin's Maidenland" which is a little browned with some spotting in right margin, and "Queen Charlotte Island" bound upside down at p. 578 not 577 as called for in volume I, also lacking (as is usual in the first edition) "Chart of the Streights of Magellan" ; volume II is missing "Chart of New Zealand" at p. 281; all plates and charts in volume III are present and in fine condition three-quarter brown calf over marbled boards, gilt lettered spine labels in red and green morocco, all edges sprinkled, marbled endpapers With the bookplate of Thomas Erskine [of] Linlathen (1788-1870) in each volume. Erskine was an outstanding revisionary and constructive lay theologian in the early part of the 19th century and was, with his good friend the Reverend John Mcleod Campbell, one of Scotland's most important nineteenth century constructive theologians & "On his first voyage, 25 August 1768 to 12 July 1771, Cook circumnavigated New Zealand and for the first time explored the east coast of Australia‹of which he took possession for Great Britain; he also sailed through the straits separating New Guinea and Australia. On the second, and historically most important, voyage (13 July 1772 to 30 July 1775) he began by cruising as far south as possible around the edge of the antarctic ice. He again visited New Zealand and, cruising through the Pacific, discovered, or explored again, many of the islands, in particular New Caledonia, Palmerston and Norfolk Islands, Easter Island, the Marquesas, New Hebrides, Tonga, the South Sandwich Islands and South Georgia. "The third voyage (11 July 1776 to 4 October 1780) was undertaken to find the North-West Passage from Europe to the East. After again visiting Tasmania, New Zealand and many Pacific Islands, Cook sailed on to North America, discovering on the way the Cook Islands and the Hawaiian group. He charted the North American coast from Oregon as far north as the Bering Strait, where ice turned him back. On the way back the great explorer was killed [in 1779] in a fight with natives in Hawaii. "Cook earned his place in history by opening up the Pacific to western civilization and by the foundation of British Australia. The world was given for the first time an essentially complete knowledge of the Pacific Ocean and Australia, and Cook proved once and for all that there was no great southern continent, as had always been believed. He also suggested the existence of antarctic land in the southern ice ring, a fact which was not proved until the explorations of the nineteenth century. "Cook was a brilliant navigator and hydrographer, and excellent administrator and planner, and probably the first sea captain to realize the importance of preserving the health and well-being of his crew" (Printing and the Mind of Man). These voyages of discovery were also the first to carry illustrations by professional artists (notably Parkinson, Hodges, and Webber). The volumes are justly famous for their splendid plates, many of which were engraved by Bartolozzi. [Hill p. 139. See also PMM 223].

      [Bookseller: Randall House Rare Books]
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        The history of a voyage to the Malouine (or Falkland) Islands, made in 1763 and 1764 … in order to form a settlement there: and of two voyages to the Streights of Magellan, with an account of the Patagonians. Translated from Dom Pernety's historical journal, written in French. The second edition

      printed for William Goldsmith and David Steel London: printed for William Goldsmith and David Steel. 1773. 4to, pp. [4], xvii, [1], 294; 16 copper-engraved maps and plates (7 folding), some with offsetting; folding maps with a few short tears, the whole a bit spotted, otherwise a nice enough copy in modern full calf, green morocco label. With an old Dublin Library Society rubberstamp on verso of title-p., with the inscription "A present to the Dublin Library from Mr. George June 14th 1791" and with another inscription at the top of E2(r) "Ex libris George Barnes 1767." "This voyage was undertaken by Louis de Bougainville at his own expense, in order to found a French colony in the islands named by him the Malouines, in honor of French seamen from St. Malo … The settlement was protested by the Spanish and the French government surrendered it to them on the condition of their indemnifying Bougainville. This work is mainly devoted to the study of the natural history of the Falkland Islands … Pernety, the author, was a Benedictine monk. The first edition was published at Berlin in 1769" (Hill). Sabin 6870; Hill: Pacific Voyages (2004 edition), 1328.

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books ]
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        Nouvelle dissertation sur le canonicat ad effectum : explication du paragraphe second, titre cinq du concordat [...]

      A Toulouse: de l'imprimerie de Joseph Dalles., 1773. Broché. in Folio (20,5x32cm). Edition originale rare, absente des bibliothèques. Broché. Les cahiers sont liés entre eux par un ruban mince rouge, avec deux points de coutures. Le canonicat est synonyme de chanoinie. Le chanoine De Lagrange voulait obtenir les bénéfices de sa fonction, or et puisque son canonicat était ad effectum il ne pouvait en obtenir les bénéfices. Le canonicat ad effectum n'est en fait que la charge spirituelle et non temporelle du canonicat, c'est à dire qui ne permet pas d'obtenir une prébende. Autrefois, le pape nommait des chanoines dans des paroisses nouvellement créées qui n'avaient pas encore de revenu temporel, mais le concile de Trente abolit ces prérogatives. La stratégie habile de Lagrange est que son travail sur la question délicate du canonicat ad effectum puisse l'aider dans ses projets (alléger son exil, intervenir auprès du roi et récupérer l'argent investi en justice), et ce n'est qu'après une longue dissertation qu'il en viendra à exposer son cas, et finalement l'objet de l'ouvrage. Persuadé de la légitimité de sa position (obtenir les bénéfices liées à sa charge), l'auteur demanda à la justice de statuer sur son affaire, ce pourquoi il fut exilé de Tarbes. Il semble bien que l'auteur ait fait imprimer lui-même ce texte dans le but de l'envoyer aux autorités compétentes, peut-être le pape, ce qui expliquerait pourquoi on ne trouve pas d'exemplaire dans les bibliothèques. A la fin du texte, dernière page, ex dono manuscrit : Delagrange chanoine de Tarbes. - de l'imprimerie de Joseph Dalles., A Toulouse _1773, in Folio (20,5x32cm), (4) 21pp., broché. - broché

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        ORLANDO FURIOSO

      Birmingham: Da' Torchj di G. Baskerville per P. Molini, 1773. ONE OF 100 LARGE PAPER COPIES described by Cohen-de Ricci. A Powerful Conjunction of DesirableFormat, Printer, Binder, Illustration, and Provenance 305 x 232 mm (12 x 9 1/8"). With the subscription list at the end of volume IV. Four volumes. STATELY CONTEMPORARY RED MOROCCO BY DERâME LE JEUNE (his ticket on title page of volume I), covers gilt with French fillet borders and with the FitzGibbon family arms of the Earl of Clare at center, raised bands, spines gilt in double-ruled compartments with a simple lozenge centerpiece, gilt titling, densely gilt turn-ins, marbled endpapers, all edges gilt. With frontispiece portrait by Eisen after Titian, and 46 FINE ENGRAVED PLATES by Bartolozzi, Moreau, and others after Eisen, Cipriani, Moreau, Cochin, Greuze, and Monnet. A Large Paper Copy. Front pastedown with vellum bookplate of Burnham Abbey and engraved armorial bookplate of Charles Tennant, The Glen (see below). Gaskell 48; Cohen-de Ricci 95; Cicognara 1080; Ray 64; Brunet I, 438. Spines slightly and evenly sunned, a hint of rubbing to extremities, titles faintly browned (and with an inch of slightly darker browning to edges from binder's glue), a dozen other leaves with pale browning or spotting, occasional very faint offsetting from plates, isolated light spots of foxing, small marginal smudges, or other trivial imperfections (with just a very small handful of plates affected), but still AN ELEGANT SET IN FINE CONDITION, the impressive bindings lustrous and scarcely worn, the leaves clean, fresh, and smooth, the margins enormous, and with strong impressions of the engravings. This is an exceptional copy of an important Baskerville edition, illustrated by some of the finest artists and engravers of the period, and bound by the chief French binder of the day. The great sprawling romantic epic by Ariosto (1474-1533) is 50,000 lines long, 26 years in the making and refining, and among the most influential works of literature (writers indebted to Ariosto include Tasso, Cervantes, Spenser, Shakespeare, Milton, Byron, and Shelley). One of the most singular and extravagant of narratives ever conceived, the story of "Mad Orlando" takes place against the background of the war between Charlemagne and the Saracens, when Orlando, one of Charlemagne's finest knights, neglects his duty out of love for the pagan princess Angelica. After she falls in love with a Saracen and elopes, Orlando goes mad, and is only restored to sanity when another knight flies to the moon in Ezekiel's chariot and obtains a magic potion to break the spell. (There are many more complications.) The 46 plates in the present edition each illustrate an episode from one of the work's cantos, and the material certainly provided the artists with the opportunity to let their imaginations run free; the results are some of the most diverting French engravings of the period. Baskerville was an inspired choice of printer, because his stately typography, luxurious paper (textured, but feeling rather like vellum), and spacious design combine here (and elsewhere) to create an aura of dignity and tranquillity. DNB notes that "the printing of the 'Orlando Furioso' is significant, since it demonstrates that Baskerville's reputation was growing in continental Europe. Voltaire, to whom Baskerville had sent copies of his Virgil and Milton, had permitted the printer to set specimen pages of his own works in 1771. Fournier the younger praised his types in the second volume of his 'Manuel Typographique' (Paris, 1766). [And] when the young Giambattista Bodoni left Rome in 1768 bound for England, it was presumably the reputation of Baskerville that had attracted him." This was no doubt gratifying for the Birmingham printer, whose works were not as eagerly embraced in his own country, in part due to London snobbishness towards his provincial location. The Baskerville Ariosto was issued mostly in octavo sets, with a few in the larger present quarto format; Cohen-de Ricci notes that a number of copies of the special quarto version--which he praises as an especially fine edition--were sent to Derôme to be bound in a manner suitable for a luxury publication. There were no fewer than 18 members of the Derôme family who made their livings as binders in Paris from the middle of the 17th century until the first quarter of the 19th, but by far the most distinguished family member was Nicolas-Denis, called "le Jeune" (1731-88). Known for the gracefulness of his bindings, and being capable of "amazing delicacy" (in Hobson's words), Derôme le Jeune was, simply, the leading binder of the day, and his work was much in demand. Because he refused to turn away customers, Derôme was forced to hire a number of assistants, whose work he could not always supervise closely. However, Thoinan says that the binder's best work is indicated, as here, by the presence of his ticket. The arms on the upper cover indicate that this set was bound for John FitzGibbon (1748-1802), first Earl of Clare and lord chancellor of Ireland during the difficult years preceding and following the rebellion of 1798. Although an ardent proponent of union with Great Britain, he was also the strongest advocate of clemency towards the Catholic rebels. Later owner Sir Charles Tennant (1823-1906) was a Scottish industrialist who housed a notable library and art collection at his country home, The Glen, which was modelled on Glamis Castle. It is difficult to overstate the appeal of the present set, and despite the fact that the bindings are more elegant than decorative, they make a very fine impression on the shelf. Ray's own copy, now held by the J. P. Morgan Library, is the only one we have located at any institution that is (at 30 cm.) nearly as tall as the present set.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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        Contemplazione della natura del signor carlo bonnet... tradotta in italiano e corredata di note, e curiose osservazioni dall'abate spallanzani... in venezia, presso giovanni vitto, 1773

      Due volumi di cm. 18,5, pp. 152, 335 (1); vii (1) 348 (4). Solida legatura ottocentesca in mezza pelle. dorsi lisci con fregi e titoli in oro su doppio tassello. Esemplare in eccellente stato di conservazione. Edizione apparsa tre anni dopo l'originale italiano e da considerarsi il capolavoro del celebre naturalista di Ginevra (1720-93). La lunga prefazione dello Spallanzani che occupa le prime 152 pagine e le ricche note pongono di diritto quest'opera tra gli scritti dello scandianese, che fu tra l'altro grande amico del Bonnet. L'opera ebbe grandissimo successo in Italia e venne stampata più volte. (Cfr. D. Prandi, Bibliografia di L. Spallanzani).

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Descrizione di alcuni discendenti di giacomo, o giacobino seniore da fontanella di reggio in lombardia ovvero prove giustificanti la retta ascendenza mascolina delli sig. marchese alfonso vincenzo e conte alfonso francesco cugini fontanella con varie ulteriori memorie risguardanti altri soggetti della stessa famiglia. in reggio, per g. davolio, 1773.

      Pp. xxv (1) 200 (2). Unito a: Fontanella. Appendice alla descrizione d'alcuni discendenti di Giacomo o sia Giacobino Seniore da Fontanella. ovvero riscontri ulteriori e giustificazione dell'essere e dell'azioni d'altri soggetti della Famiglia Fontanella in quella non memorati. In Reggio, Davolio, 1775. Pp. (4) 59 (1). Vari fregi xilografici nel testo e due belle tavole raffiguranti stemmi famigliari incisi in rame. Due opere in un volume di cm. 27, leg. coeva in cart. alla rustica. Tagli colorati. Bell'esemplare, genuino, marginoso, stampato su carta forte ed in ottimo stato di conservazione. Edizione originale ed unica per entrambe le opere, non comuni.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        ORLANDO FURIOSO.

      In-8 p., 4 voll., p. pelle coeva (restauri ai dorsi), cornici dorate ai piatti, dorso a cordoni con ricca decoraz. dorata e tit. oro su due tasselli, dentelles dorate ai risg., tagli dorati, pp. (16),4,LVIII,272; (2),450; (2),446; (2),446. Introduce l'opera una "vita" del poeta scritta da Andrea Barotti, con bel ritratto dell'Ariosto (ripreso da Eisen da un quadro di Tiziano) inciso da Fiquet. Questa celebre edizione e' illustrata da 46 bellissime tavv. realizzate da famosi artisti dell'epoca. Sono disegnate da: Cipriani, Cochin, Eisen, Greuze, Monnet e Moreau ed inc. in rame da: Bartolozzi, Choffard, Duclos, de Ghendt, Martini, Massard e altri. "Se per bellezza di stampa e per merito d'intagli va riguardata questa ediz. come una delle migliori produzioni della tipografia, e' stata eziandio dal Morali trovata una delle migliori per bonta' del testo" come cita il Gamba,62. Cfr. anche Cicognara,1080: "Pietro Molini Libraro fiorentino assunse l'incarico di far stampare questo Poema da Giovanni Baskerville, ed ebbe il merito di farlo condecorare da belliss. tavole al principio d'ognuno de' 46 Canti delle quali dieci sono del bulino insigne di Bartolozzi? - Brunet,I,438 - Cohen,95 - Graesse,I,199. Con arross. più o meno pesanti, per lo più marginali, ma complessivam. buon esemplare. .

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        Orlando Furioso

      ARIOSTO Ludovico. Orlando Furioso. Birmingham, Baskerville, 1773. 4 volumi in 8vo; pp.6n.nn., LVIII, 362; 450; 446; 446, 28n.nn. Ritratto dell?autore e 46 illustrazioni a piena pagina incise in rame. Legatura coeva in mezzo marocchino rosso, piatti inquadrati da fregi dorati; doppio tassello ai dorsi con titolo e ricchi fregi in oro. Esemplare fresco di primo tiraggio. Le 46 illustrazioni sono disegnate da G. Cipriani, Moreau le jeune, Eisen, Cochin fils, Monnet, J.B. Greuze ed incise da Bartolazzi, Launay, Longueil, de Ghendt, Prevost, Henriquez, Massard, Simonet, Ponce, Duclos, Martini, Moreau le jeune, Choffard, Helmon. Il ritratto è disegnato da Eisen da un dipinto di Tiziano ed inciso da Fiquet. Cohen, 95; Gamba, 62; Guidi, pag. 111; Agnelli Ravegnani, pp. 204-205: ?Magnifica edizione sia per la bellezza della stampa, sia per le illustrazioni, che la fanno uno dei livres à figures meglio riusciti del XVIII secolo?.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Casella]
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        Swensk ordbok med latinsk uttolkning, på kongl.

      majestäts allernådigaste befallning författad, och i ljuset framgifwen. Dictionarium svecicum cum interpretatione latina, jussu s:æ r:æ m:tis concinnatum, inque lucem editum. Sthlm, C. Stolpe, 1773. 4:o. (8),16,1-786,(1) s. Samtida ngt nött men trevligt hfrbd med upphöjda bind och svart infärgat titelfält samt stänkta snitt. Ryggen blekt med ytliga sprickor kring titeletiketten och bakre pärmen med en större fläck. Inlagan med enstaka lagerfläckar och mindre bläckfläckar. Lagningar längst ned på titelbladet och på s. (7), i övre marginalen på s. 23 och i yttermarginalen på s. 317. En bläckfläck i texten på s. 145 och en svag fuktfläck i nedre hörnet på s. 169-76. En lite fläckig råkant i yttermarginalen på s. 475. Med Carl Fredrik Mennanders grav. exlibris. Från Östanå.. Abraham Sahlstedt (1716-76) blev 1747, med arbetet "Försök till en swensk grammatika" som merit, skrivbiträde i Vetenskapsakademien. Han fick av denna med tiden i uppdrag att utarbeta föreliggande ordbok, vars utgivande emellertid drog ut på tiden. Detta berodde inte minst på de utdragna och många diskussionerna i akademien med den språkintresserade A. J. von Höpken. Inblandningen i språkfrågor visar på Vetenskapsakademiens vittfamnande intressen. Carl Fredrik Mennander (1712-86), biskop i Åbo 1757 och ärkebiskop och prokansler i Uppsala 1775 samt ledamot av Vetenskapsakademien. Mennander skänkte 528 volymer till Åbo akademiska bibliotek bl.a. många rara manuskript och han efterlämnade ett stort och mycket dyrbart bibliotek som såldes på auktion 1788-89. Denna bok har sannolikt via Mennanders son C. F. Fredenheim gått i arv till Boströmarna på Östanå

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Der Deutsche Merkur. [Der Teutsche Merkur].

      Des ersten Bandes Erstes Stück bis Des Achten Bandes Zweytes Stück. 8 parts in four volumes. Im Verlag der Gesellschaft, Weimar & Carl Ludolf Hoffmann, Weimar 1773-1774. With woodcut title pages and vignettes. 288+XVI+320; 304+288; X+(2)+380+365+(1); 397+(3)+302+(2) pages. Bound in four contemporary paper bindings of pink nuance. The last volume differs slightly on the title label on the spine. Very good, with some edgewear to the bindings. The edges of the second volume a bit more worn.. The first two years of C.M. Wieland's periodical for the German enlightenment

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        Plate 14 (feet) from "Corps complet d'anatomie." Matted and framed

      J. B. H. LeClerc Nancy: J. B. H. LeClerc, 1773. First printing. No Dust Jacket. Gautier d'Agoty, Arnauld-Eloi. Plate 14 (feet) from Corps complet d'anatomie (Nancy: J. B. H. LeClerc, 1773). Mezzotint printed in colors by Gautier d'Agoty's 4-color method. Plate size approx. 535 x 390 mm. Archivally matted and framed. Arnaud-Eloi Gautier d'Agoty was the second son of the celebrated Jacques-Fabien Gautier d'Agoty (1717-86), who for thirty years held the royal privilege for color printing in France. J. F. Gautier d'Agoty was (or claimed to be) the inventor of the four-color method (red, blue, yellow and black) of printing mezzotints in color, an improvement on the three-color method devised in the early part of the 18th century by Jacques Christophe Le Blon. (d. 1741). Gautier d'Agoty obtained the color printing privilege in 1742, and over the next three decades he and his associates, including his son Arnauld-Eloi, issued a series of illustrated works, primarily on human anatomy, that were as radically original and dramatic in their size and artistic composition as they were in their manner of production. The series of large anatomical works issued by the Gautier d'Agotys concluded with Arnaud-Eloi's Corps complet d'anatomie (1773), "a major work of great merit and satisfaction . . . [The work's] fifteen plates follow a scheme of progress, from the classical figures at the start, to skeletal hands and feet; or we can see it as a strip performance, from fully clad nudes by stages to muscle and bone" (Franklin, A Catalogue of Early Colour Printing [1977], pp. 49-50). 40099

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com ]
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        FABLES NOUVELLES.

      In-8 p. (mm. 214x130), 2 tomi in 1 vol., lussuosa legatura in p. marocch. blu, ricche cornici e decoraz. dorate ai piatti, dorso a cordoni con motivi floreali e tit. oro, dentelles dorate ai risg. (in p. pelle bordeaux con stemma al centro e in tela damascata), astuccio, pp. XXII,(2),309,(3) (numeraz. continua). Questa pregiata edizione è illustrata da: 2 antiporte con il titolo "Fables par M. Dorat" (sulla seconda: Fables de M. Dorat, II Volume) disegnate da Marillier ed inc. in rame da Ghendt; 1 grande composizione di Marillier, inc. da Delaunay (inserita in ciasc. vol.); un ritratto di Dorat in medaglione inc. da Dupin; fleuron al primo frontesp. con il busto di La Fontaine; 99 magnifiche vignette e 99 finali di Marillier, inc. da Arrivet, Baquoy, Delaunay, Duflos, de Ghendt, Le Gouaz, Lebeau, Louis Legrand, e altri. Parecchie vignette del II vol. portano la data 1775. "Prima edizione" ?sur grand papier blanc de Hollande? di uno dei più bei libri illustrati del Settecento francese. Cfr. Cohen, p. 313: ?cet ouvrage est le chef-d?oeuvre de Marillier, sous le rapport de la finesse de l?exécution et de l?esprit qui règne dans tous les jolis sujets qui l?ornent ? - Boissais et Deleplanque, p. 68 - Lewine, p. 150. Esemplare in ottimo stato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        Commentaries on the Laws of England

      Oxford: at the Clarendon Press printed for William Strahan Thomas Cadell and Daniel Prince 1773 Oxford: at the Clarendon Press, printed for William Strahan, Thomas Cadell, and Daniel Prince, 1773. Fifth edition and first Oxford octavo edition. 4 vols., 8vo. . Contemporary calf, green and red spine leather spine labels. Covers rubbed, spine a bit dry,heads slightly chipped and joints split, but cords are holding; internally clean and attractive. Bookplate of Gervas Holmes. Rothschild 407; Printing and the Mind of Man 212; Grolier English 52 (First edition) . One of the cornerstones of our legal system, and still regarded as the best general history of English law. In these lectures which he gave as the first Vinerian Professor of Law at Oxford, Blackstone taught (as even his critic Bentham noted) "jurisprudence to speak the language of the scholar and gentleman."

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
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        An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere and successively performed by Commodore Byron, Captain Wallis, Captain Carteret, and Captain Cook, in the Dolphin, the Swallow, and the Endeavour: Drawn up from the Journals Which Were Kept by the Several Commanders, and From the Papers of Joseph Banks, Esq

      W. Strahan and T. Cadell London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1773. First edition. Spines a bit rubbed with slight loss of leather at top of volume I, covers slightly rubbed, some moderate water staining primarily in lower margin only affecting a few leaves in volume I, moderate waterstain about 3/4 height of first 11 leaves in inner margins of volume II, very minor waterstain upper right margin affecting 4 leaves of volume III, spine labels lacking on volume III; leaf 557/558 with small closed tear in right margin. Quarto [leaf size 28.5 x 23 cm). Three volumes. [12], xxxvi, [3], [1, blank], [458, numbered 678, omitting 140-360]; [1, blank], xv, [1], (1)-410; [6],(411) -799, [1, blank] pp. Illustrated with engraved plates and charts (some folding) all in clean and crisp condition, no tears or brown spots, with the exception of "Hawkin's Maidenland" which is a little browned with some spotting in right margin, and "Queen Charlotte Island" bound upside down at p. 578 not 577 as called for in volume I, also lacking (as is usual in the first edition) "Chart of the Streights of Magellan" ; volume II is missing "Chart of New Zealand" at p. 281; all plates and charts in volume III are present and in fine condition three-quarter brown calf over marbled boards, gilt lettered spine labels in red and green morocco, all edges sprinkled, marbled endpapers With the bookplate of Thomas Erskine [of] Linlathen (1788-1870) in each volume. Erskine was an outstanding revisionary and constructive lay theologian in the early part of the 19th century and was, with his good friend the Reverend John Mcleod Campbell, one of Scotland's most important nineteenth century constructive theologians "On his first voyage, 25 August 1768 to 12 July 1771, Cook circumnavigated New Zealand and for the first time explored the east coast of Australia‹of which he took possession for Great Britain; he also sailed through the straits separating New Guinea and Australia. On the second, and historically most important, voyage (13 July 1772 to 30 July 1775) he began by cruising as far south as possible around the edge of the antarctic ice. He again visited New Zealand and, cruising through the Pacific, discovered, or explored again, many of the islands, in particular New Caledonia, Palmerston and Norfolk Islands, Easter Island, the Marquesas, New Hebrides, Tonga, the South Sandwich Islands and South Georgia. "The third voyage (11 July 1776 to 4 October 1780) was undertaken to find the North-West Passage from Europe to the East. After again visiting Tasmania, New Zealand and many Pacific Islands, Cook sailed on to North America, discovering on the way the Cook Islands and the Hawaiian group. He charted the North American coast from Oregon as far north as the Bering Strait, where ice turned him back. On the way back the great explorer was killed [in 1779] in a fight with natives in Hawaii. "Cook earned his place in history by opening up the Pacific to western civilization and by the foundation of British Australia. The world was given for the first time an essentially complete knowledge of the Pacific Ocean and Australia, and Cook proved once and for all that there was no great southern continent, as had always been believed. He also suggested the existence of antarctic land in the southern ice ring, a fact which was not proved until the explorations of the nineteenth century. "Cook was a brilliant navigator and hydrographer, and excellent administrator and planner, and probably the first sea captain to realize the importance of preserving the health and well-being of his crew" (Printing and the Mind of Man). These voyages of discovery were also the first to carry illustrations by professional artists (notably Parkinson, Hodges, and Webber). The volumes are justly famous for their splendid plates, many of which were engraved by Bartolozzi. [Hill p. 139. See also PMM 223].

      [Bookseller: Randall House Rare Books ]
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        Monumenta Suiogothica vetustioris suspecta.

      Diss. I-II:1-2. Uppsala, Edmannianis, (1773-74) resp. Stenhammar et Palmblad, (1815). 4:o. (8),+ 28; (2),+ 29-52; (4),+ 8 s. Häftade, del I och II:2 med rester av ryggremsor. Tre häften. Ur Ericsbergs bibliotek. Lidén I, 365 & Marklin 78. Setterwall 5242. Warmholtz 2453. Fiske s. 423. Allt som utkom av Nordins kritiska arbete om äldre tvivelaktiga källor till Sveriges historia, här med Fants fortsättning, publicerad nära 40 år senare. Den första delen är Nordins egen disputation under Johan Ihres presidium. Här behandlas Konunga- och hövdinga styrelsen. I den andra och mest berömda delen, med Erik Johan Dillner som respondent, avslöjar Nordin Hjalmers och Ramers saga. Denna presenterades för första gången av Lucas Halpap i en dissertation under Johannes Bilberg 1690, och sedan stort utgiven av Peringskiöld 1701 under titeln "Historia Hjalmari regis Biarmlandiæ atque Thulemarkiæ, ex fragmento runici Ms.ti literis recentioribus descripta". Här, 70 år senare, kunde den av Nordin avslöjas som ett falsarium. I sista delen fortsatte Fant att avslöja falsarier och bekräftade här Johannes Schefferus tes att den av Verelius publicerade biskopskrönikan "Annotationes ex scriptis Karoli episcopis arosiensis excerpta" var ett falsarium

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Monde primitif, analysé et comparé avec le monde moderne; considéré dans son génie allégorique et dans les allégories auxquelles conduisit ce génie; précédé du plan general des diverses parties qui composeront ce monde primitif…

      chez l'auteur et al. Paris: chez l'auteur, [et al.]. 1773-82. First editions of all 9 volumes, 4to, 5 engraved frontispieces, 2 engraved folding maps, 45 engraved plates (18 folding), engraved head-pieces, woodcut ornaments; contemporary full calf, black morocco labels on gilt- decorated spines; some careful and minor restoration to the bindings, discreet library stamps in lower margins of title-pp., else generally a very good, sound set. The work "proposed to set in a new light the phenomena, especially the languages and mythologies, of the ancient world," and in it the author made interesting researches into etymology. Anticipating both Henshall and von Humboldt, he speculated that in all languages there is a resemblance in sound and an affinity of ideas. Volume I outlines the general plan of the work; vol. II is devoted to l'histoire naturelle de la parole ou grammaire universelle; vol. III: l'histoire naturelle de la parole ou origine du langage et de l'Écriture; vol. IV: l'histoire civile, religieuse et allégorique du calendrier ou almanach; vol. V: les origines francoises ou dictionnaire Étymologique de la langue francoise; vol. VI and vol. VII: les origines latines ou dictionnaire etymologique de la langue latine; vol. VIII: divers objets concernant l'histoire, le blason, les monnoies, les jeux, les voyages de Phéniciens autour du monde, les langues américaines our dissertations mÍlées remplis de découvertes intéressantes; and vol. IX: considéré dans les origines grecques ou dictionnaire Étymologique de la langue grecque précedé de recherches et de nouvelles vues sur l'origine des grecs et de leur langue. In 1776 he collaborated with Franklin and others in the periodical work "Affaires de l'Angleterre et l'Amerique" which was devoted to the support of American independence (see Ency. Brit., 11th ed.)

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books ]
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        Das Methodenbuch für Väter und Mütter der Familien und Völker. Dritte Auflage. Zur Elementarischen Bibliothek.

      Bey des Verfassers Freunden, und in Leipzig in Kommission bei C. Fritsch, Dessau 1773. 8vo. (16)+384 pages. Contemporary brown calf binding with richly gilt spine. Old pen note on verso of front endpaper. Faint later ink stamp on verso of front flyleaf. In fine condition.. Attractive copy of the third edition of Johann Bernardt Basedow´s (1724-1790) pioneering manual for parents and teachers on how to raise children. The book was originally published in 1770; this edition has a new preface by the famous German pedagogue

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        Système social, ou principes naturels de la morale et de la politique, avec un examen de l'influence du gouvernement sur les moeurs. Par l'Auteur du Systême de la Nature [Mirabaud]. 3 Tomes.

      London [recte: Amsterdam, M.M. Rey], 1773. 8vo. Bound in one beautiful contemporary full mottled calf binding with five raised bands to richly gilt spine; triple gilt line-borders to boardsand inner gilt dentelles. Edges of boards with single gilt line. All edges gilt. Corners abit bumped and a bit of overall wear. Inner hinges a bit weak. Internally very fine and clean. All in all a very fine copy indeed. (4), 210; 176; 167 pp. With all three half-titles, all three title-pages and all three indexes, as well as the introduction.. The rare first edition, first issue (though Tchermerzine mentions an unknown 2-volume-edition form the same year - this edition has never been verified), of one of d'Holbach's most important works, his influential "social" and political continuation of his seminal main work "Systeme de la nature" - the bible of materialism. D'Holbach (1723-1789), who was raised by a wealthy uncle, whom he inherited, together with his title of Baron, in 1753, maintained one of the most famous salons in Paris. This salon became the social and intellectual centre for the Encyclopédie, which was edited by Diderot and d'Alembert, whom he became closely connected with. D'Holbach himself also contributed decisively to the Encyclopédie, with at least 400 signed contributions, and probably as many unsigned, between 1752 and 1765. The "Côterie holbachique" or "the café of Europe", as the salon was known, attracted the most brilliant scientists, philosophers, writers and artists of the time (e.g. Diderot, d'Alembert, Helvetius, Voltaire, Hume, Sterne etc, etc.), and it became one of the most important gathering-places for the exchange of philosophical, scientific and political views under the "ancient régime". Apart from developing several foundational theories of seminal scientific and philosophical value, D'Holbach became known as one of the most skilled propagators and popularizers of scientific and philosophical ideas, promoting scientific progress and spreading philosophical ideas in a new and highly effective manner. D'Holbach was himself the most audacious philosophe of this circle. During the 1760's he caused numerous anticlerical tracts (written in large, but not entirely, by himself) to be clandestinely printed abroad and illegally circulated in France. His philosophical masterpiece, the "Système de la nature, ou des lois du monde physique et du monde moral", a methodological and intransigent affirmation of materialism and atheism, appeared anonymously in 1770" (D.S.B. VI:468), as did the social and political follow-up of it, the famous "Systême social" in 1773. That is to say, Mirabeau whom he had used as the author on the "System of Nature" in 1770 is not mentioned in the "Social System", on the title-page of which is merely stated "By the Author of "Systême de la Nature". As the theories of d'Holbach's two systematic works were at least as anticlerical and unaccepted as those of his smaller tracts, and on top of that so well presented and so convincing, it would have been dangerous for him to print any of them under his own name, and even under the name of the city or printer. Thus, "Systême de la Nature" appeared pseudonomously under the name of the secretary of the Académie Francaise, J.B. Mirabaud, who had died 10 years earlier, and under a fictive place of printing, namely London instead of Amsterdam. "He could not publish safely under his own name, but had the ingenious idea of using the names of recently dead French authors. Thus, in 1770, his most famous book, "The System of Nature", appeared under the name Jean-Baptiste Mirabaud." (PMM 215), and so the next "System" also appeared in the same manner three years later.In his "Systême de la Nature", d'Holbach had presented philosophical materialism in an actual system for the first time and had created a work that dared unite the essence of all the essential material of the English and French Enlightenment and incorporate it into a closed materialistic system; on the basis of a completely materialistic and atheistic foundation, he provided the modern world with a moral and ethic philosophy, the effects of which were tremendous. It is this materialism and atheism that he continues three years later in his next systematic work "Systême social", through which politics, morality, and sociology are also incorporated into his system and take the place of the Christianity that he had so fiercely attacked earlier on. In this great work he extends his ethical views to the state and continues the description of human interest from "Systême de la Nature" by developing a notion of the just state (by d'Holbach calle "ethocracy") that is to secure general welfare. "Système social (1773; "Social System") placed morality and politics in a utilitarian framework wherein duty became prudent self-interest." (Encyclopaedia Brittanica). "Holbach's foundational view is that the most valuable thing a person seeking self-preservation can do is to unite with another person: "Man is of all beings the most necessary to man" (Sysème social, 76; cf. Spinoza's Ethics IVP35C1, C2, and S). Society, when it is just, unites for the common purpose of preservation and the securing of welfare, and society contracts with government for this purpose." (SEP).As the "Systême de la Nature" had been condemned to burning in the year of its publication, so the "Systême social" was on the list of books to be confiscated already in 1773, and it was placed on the Index of the Church in August 1775. As the "Systême de la Nature", the "Systême social" is thus also of great scarcity. Another edition of the work appeared later the same year, in 12mo. Tchermerzine says that "Il ya une édition, que nous ne connaissons pas, en 2 vol. in-8. C'est sans doute l'originale." The present edition was reprinted the following year, in 1774.Tschermerzine VI:246; Graesse III:317; Barbier IV:622 (only listing later editions)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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