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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1771

        Essai d'une nouvelle minéralogie.

      Traduit du suédois & de l'allemand de m. Wiedman, &c. &c. par m. Dreux fils, apothicaire de l'Hotel-Dieu de Paris. Paris, chez P. F. Didot le jeune, 1771. 8:o. (4),XXXVI,389,(3) s. Samtida marmorerat skinnbd med upphöjda bind, rikt guldornerad rygg, röd titeletikett och marmorerade snitt. Ryggskinnet bortnött allra överst. Bakre yttre falsen med liten spricka nedtill. Spår av vaxning och infärgningar över en del ytliga nötningar på bakre pärmen. Smärre pappersförlust i yttermarginalen på försättsbladet. En i stort sett bra inlaga. Liten, men kraftig, rostfläck upptill i texten på s. 281-82. På s. 293 ett större nagg med vidhängande reva i yttermarginalen, en lite tråkig pappersförorening i texten och ett hål med mindre textförlust. Bra ex.. Sista opaginerade sidan utgörs av bokannonser för böcker rörande metallurgi och mineralogi. Första svenska upplagan utkom 1758 och inledde enligt Lindroth "det nya skedet i mineralogins historia". Den översattes förutom till franska även till tyska, engelska, ryska och italienska. Detta är den första franska utgåvan

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Geschichte des Fräuleins von Sternheim. Herausgegeben von Ch. M. Wieland.

      2 in 1 Band. XXII, 367 S., 1 Bl., 302 S. HLdr. d. Zt. mit 2 farbigen Rückenschildern und reicher Rückenverg. Goed. IV/1, 592, 1. Erste Ausgabe. - Das Erstlingswerk der La Roche wurde sofort begeistert aufgenommen. Dieser wohl bedeutendste Frauenroman des 18. Jahrhunderts wird auch als der erste psychologische Roman der deutschen Literatur bezeichnet. Formal und inhaltlich abhängig von Richardsons Briefromanen (z. B. "Clarissa", 1748), sind aber hier, anders als beim englischen Vorbild, erzählerische Partien eingefügt, vor allem aber klingt ein neuer Ton in der Schilderung der Charaktere an: Die Typen werden mit alltäglichen Zügen individualisiert und mit empfindsamer Einfühlung dargestellt. Wieland, La Roches Vetter und Jugendliebe, begleitete das Buch mit einer Vorrede, Herder und Goethe, dessen "Leiden des jungen Werthers" (1774) die La Roche beeinflußte, nahmen es anerkennend auf. - Wenig berieben Nur gering fleckig, breitrandig und hübsch gebunden.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Methodus muscorum per classes, ordines, genera ac species cum synonymis, nominibus trivalibus, locis natalibus, observationibus digestorum, aneneisque figuris illustratorum.

      Mannheim, 1771. XVII + 296 p. + 1 engraved plate. Title page with engraved vignette. Contemporary full leather with red edges. 19 X 12 cm. Front outer hinge broken, spine damaged at bottom. Owner´s signature (Rolf Santesson). Slightly foxed

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Röda Rummet AB]
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        Commentaries on the Laws of England. The Fourth [sic] Edition. Eller 6

      A very early Dublin-printed, pirated edition (the second) of Blackstone's classic work, appearing during the same year as the first American edition, and the first in Ireland in which all four volumes were published during the same year. Contemporary calf, rubbed, a few repairs, new labels; a sound set. Printed for John Exshaw [and others; imprint varies], Dublin, 1771.

      [Bookseller:  Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Experiments to determine the Density of the Earth.London: Peter Elmsly, 1798. First edition.

      His famous paper on the determination of the density of the earth (or weighing of the world), by means of John Michell's torsion balance. "Henry Cavendish had fitful habits of publication that did not at all reveal the universal scope of his natural philosophy. He wrote no books and fewer than twenty articles in a career of nearly fifty years. Only one major paper was theoretical, a study of electricity in 1771; the remainder of his major papers were carefully delimited experimental inquiries, the most important of which were those on pneumatic chemistry in 1766 and 1783-1788, on freezing temperatures in 1783-1788, and on the density of the earth in 1798." (D.S.B. III:155). "The apparatus consisted of two lead balls on either end of a suspended beam; these movable balls were attracted by a pair of stationary lead balls. Cavendish calculated the force of attraction between the balls from the observed period of oscillation of the balance and deduced the density of the earth from the force. He found it to be 5.48 times that of water. Cavendish was the first to observe gravitational motions induced by comparatively minute portions of ordinary matter. The attractions that he measured were unprecedentedly small, being only 1/500,000,000 times as great as the weight of the bodies. By weighing the world he rendered the law of gravitation complete. The law was no longer a proportionality statement but a quantitatively exact one; this was the most important addition to the science of gravitation since Newton." (D.S.B III:158). Norman 422.. 4to: Extracted from: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. 88, 1798, pp. 469-526 and 2 engraved folding plates. Recent plain blue wrappers. Some very light spotting, in all a fine copy

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        L'An deux mille quatre cent quarante. Réve s'il fút jamais. [The Year 2440. A Dream if ever there was one].

      London [recte: Amsterdan], 1771. 8vo. Nice contemporary full mottled calf with five raised bands and gilt red morocco title-label to richly gilt spine. Wear to corners and capitals, and top of boards slightly bent. Marbled end-papers. Slight browning. All in all a very nice copy. VIII, 416 pp.. The exceedingly scarce first edition (issue unknown, one of the five 1771-issues, presidency between which has not been established) of this 18th century bestseller, in which Mercier predicts the course of the French Revolution as well as numerous scientific inventions - one of the most important utopias ever written, in fact the first utopia to take place in the future (a so-called "uchronia" - in this case also a "euchronia"), and a main work of European political thought leading up to the French revolution. The work was quickly translated into numerous languages and was very influential throughout all of Europe. It was immediately banned by the French authorities, condemned by the Inquisition in Rome, officially condemned by the Spanish Inquisition and supposedly burned by the king himself. It is thus not strange that the author's name does not appear anywhere in the early editions of the work, and it was not until the mid 1770'es that the identity of the author was actually known to some, and not until the edition of 1791 that Mercier himself signs the preface, oficially owning up to the authorship. Up until then, numerous suggestions as to the author had been made all over Europe, Rousseau and Voltaire being favoured guesses, and some thinking it was by Helvétius. Although less well known today, Mercier's magnum opus, his great utopian masterpiece, a work that foreshadowed the utopian political agenda of the French Revolution, was just as influential in its time as the great works of these three Enlightenment authors."The eighteenth century, as Raymond Trousson pleasantly remarks, was the "golden age of utopia". He rightly sees the invention of new utopian forms as one hallmark of that period and correctly identifies as the culmination of its experiments with this genre the transition to uchronia accomplished in 1771 by Louis-Sébastien Mercier's "L'An deux mille quatre cent quarante: Rêve s'il en fut jamais" (The year 2440: A Dream if there ever was one). Published anonymously - Mercier did not sign its preface until the edition of 1791 - this first utopia set in future time was one of the eighteenth century's most successful books. It was immediately banned in France, put on the Inquisition's list of forbidden books in 1773, and condemned in Madrid in 1778 as a blasphemous work whose distributors, if discovered, would be fined five hundred ducats and sentenced to six years in prison. [...] The book was less successful across the Atlantic, but a 1795 Philadelphia edition was "nevertheless, the first utopian novel published in North America." George Washington and Thomas Jefferson owned copies of "The Year 2440"." (Paul K. Alkon, Origins of Futuristic Fiction, p. 117).The printing history of Mercier's main work is very complicated, and not until Wilkie's "Mercier's "L'An 2440". It's publishing History During the Author's Lifetime" from 1986, has proper bibliographical information on it been provided. As Wilkie points out - and proves at length -, an alleged 1770 printing of the work that had previously been thought to exist, but which had never been seen, is a ghost, and cannot possibly have existed. The true first printing of the work is from 1771. Five different versions of it appeared in 1771, all being of great scarcity, and it is impossible to determine which of them came first. The work was extremely popular from the time of its appearance, an outright bestseller, and hugely influential. This meant that numerous unauthorized editions also appeared within the author's lifetime; "In the An VII [i.e. 1798-99] edition, he rewrote the Preface and in it expounded at length on the French Revolution and the accuracy of the predictions he had made about its course in previous editions of the novel. In the first paragraph of this "Nouveau Discours Préliminaire", he states that this publication is the "troisième fois" that he has published the novel, meaning apparently that the 1771 and the 1786 editions were the only two previously authorized ones and that the present edition was published from the 1786 one "sans en retrancher un seul mot, sans y ajouter un seul mot, sans déranger une virgule." Thus, the editions of 1771, 1774, 1786, and An VII are textually significant." (Wilkie, pp. 15-16).Numerous editions of the work appeared after the first of 1771, and already by 1776, 11 editions had appeared, and many more by Mercier's death in 1814. "Whatever twists, turns, and intrigues surrounded editions of this novel, it was enormously popular. If one assumes, for example, press runs of 1,500 copies each, there were 18,000 copies in print in three languages by the end of 1772 and 30,000 copies by the end of 1782, at which point it had spread thoroughly over Europe. Most of these printings were from entirely new settings of type, each of which required considerable investment by the publisher. If one includes every known or reported edition, 63,000 copies had been printed by Mercier's death. [Note: These figures might have been even higher...]." (Wilkie, p. 16). It is interesting to note that many of the early copies known of "L'An 2440" (as it is referred to throughout the work, and called in later editions and translations) are heavily annotated in contemporary and later hands, bearing witness to the great interest in and influence of it. Wilkie lists quite a few of these annotated copies, stating e.g. "One nineteenth-century reader carefully listed on the endpapers of his copy all of Mercier's predictions, such as invention of the telegraph, that had come true." (Wilkie, p. 23). The remarkable work not only predicted some of the most important events of modern European politics, foreshadowed the utopian political agenda of the French Revolution, and influenced the course of French politics at this most crucial time, but foreseeing a marvelous society that worships science (in which for instance the telescope and the microscope are central to every youth's first communion), it also predicted numerous scientific inventions. "The Year 2440" starts out with the unnamed narrator going to sleep after an evening of discussing the shortcomings of Paris with an Englishman. Waking up in his dream, the narrator, who is now an old man, walks out to discover that he is still in Paris, but Paris of the year 2440. A transformed, but magnificent Paris. He discusses the changes that the city has undergone with a 25th century Parisian, and each chapter of the wondrous novel is devoted to an aspect of future Paris that Mercier proposes as an ideal city in an ideal society. A fabulous, completely novel aspect of Mercier's utopia is the fact that it thus takes place in a real place - in Paris - . Mercier's utopia, unlike all utopias before, is given a real name, a real habitation, and a real date. The work ends with the narrator's excursion to Versailles, where he meets and talks to the ghost of Louis XIV, who explains, weeping with regret, that he is condemned to haunt the place forever, as a symbol of his misuse of power. The ruins of Versailles are swarmed with adders, one of which bites the narrator, after which he wakes up to find himself again in the eighteenth century - the poisonous snake bite representing the return to a fate represented by death. "This framework puts the venerable device of dream-vision to strikingly new use as a vehicle for utopian speculation set in a specific secular future." (Alkon, p. 118). In placing his ideal society in the future, i.e. in the Paris of the twenty-fifth century, rather than situating it, as was customary for writers of this genre, in a remote geographic setting such as an island, a distant mountain top, or an underworld, Mercier embraced the Enlightenment faith in progress. Mercier's utopia was not a distant land, but a theoretically achievable utopia, in this way foreshadowing the utopian political agenda of the French Revolution. Mercier's Utopia was a real work of the Enlightenment, if ever there was one. Many main themes of Enlightenment philosophy found expression in Mercier's vision. He is clearly inspired by Rousseau's political theories and incorporates Rousseau's doctrine of social contract into his ideal society. Moderation has replaced abundance and extravagance, and the treatment of criminals is no longer based on torture of the body. The importance of Rousseau is quite clearly - and interestingly - exemplified in the royal library of Paris of 2440, which is stated to have preserved the entire oeuvre of Rousseau, whereas much of Voltaire's oeuvre has been destroyed. The orderly society of Mercier's utopia was beautiful, calm, and charming. It represents the Leibnizian thesis that the supreme truth is happiness, that this is the best of all possible worlds. Mercier's definition of human happiness is one that Mercier finds in Rousseau, crediting him with establishing the link between work and liberty. Man finds happiness in his work, there is no idleness. There are no monks, no aristocrats, no criminal class. Everyone contributes, also for the greater good. The Paris of 2440 had no Bastille, it had broad, beautiful avenues, and people were polite and charming - in many ways the Paris of the future described by Mercier bears resemblance to the city of broad and beautiful avenues that Baron Haussmann would create in the mid-nineteenth century."But though the most influential writers were sober in speculating about the future, it is significant of their effectiveness in diffusing the idea of Progress that now for the first time a prophetic Utopia was constructed. Hitherto, as I have before observed, ideal states were either projected into the remote past or set in some distant, vaguely-known region, where fancy could build freely. To project them into the future was a new thing, and when in 1770 Sebastien Mercier described what human civilisation would be in A.D. 2440, it was a telling sign of the power which the idea of Progress was beginning to exercise. Mercier has been remembered, or rather forgotten, as an inferior dramatist. He was a good deal more, and the researches of M. Beclard into his life and works enable us to appreciate him. If it is an overstatement to say that his soul reflected in miniature the very soul of his age, [Footnote: L. Beclard, Sebastien Mercier, sa vie, son oeuvre, son temps (1903), p. vii.] he was assuredly one of its characteristic products. He reminds us in some ways of the Abbe de Saint-Pierre, who was one of his heroes. All his activities were urged by the dream of a humanity regenerated by reason, all his energy devoted to bringing about its accomplishment. Saint-Pierre's idea of perpetual peace inspired an early essay on the scourge of war." (Bury, "The Idea of Progress, An Inquiry into its Origin and Growth", Project Gutenberg).Wilkie: 1771e (n.b. "the order of entries under each year is arbitrary" - Wilkins, p. 36).OCLC records merely three copies in Aerica: Texas, Yale, Harvard

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        A voyage to China and the East Indies by Peter Osbeck.

      Together with a voyage to Suratte by Olof Toreen. And an account of the chinese husbandry by captain Charles Gustavus Eckeberg, translated from german, by John Reinhold Forster. To which are added, a faunula and flora senensis. I-II. London, printed for B. White, 1771. 8:o. XX,396 + (2),367,(1 blank,32) s. & 13 grav. plr. Två nötta samtida skinnbd med upphöjda bind, rikt guldornerade ryggar, röda titel- respektive gröna deltiteletiketter samt rödstänkta snitt. Pärmkanterna med oxiderade dekorationer. Ryggarna ytligt spruckna och dessutom naggade överst. Titeletiketten till del I delvis borta och liten förlust även på det andra bandets titeletikett. Yttre falsar till del I spruckna och även den främre inre falsen. Försättsbladet till denna del helt loss. Gammal namnteckning på försättsbladet. Spår av bortskrapade äldre exlibris på främre pärmarnas insidor. Bra inlagor med några enstaka obetydliga fläckar; dock är s. 289-304 i del II lagerfläckiga. Några av planscherna har färgat av sig på motstående sida. Den blanka sidan mot slutet i del II med spegeltryck.. Bibliotheca Walleriana 20065, med endast 12 planscher. Cox A reference guide to travel literature I:298. Soulsby A catalogue of the works of Linnæus 3601 för Toréns brev som är försedda med ett förord av Linné. Första engelska utgåvan av Osbecks resa, som utkom på svenska 1757. Även den svenska utgåvan innehöll skeppspredikanten Toréns brev och utgavs ofta tillsammans med Ekebergs "Kort berättelse om den chinesiska landt-hushållningen". Den tyska utgåvan, från vilken denna utgåva har översatts, utkom 1765. Enligt företalet i den engelska utgåvan var den tyska översättningen godkänd med några tillägg av författaren själv och Linnélärjungen Daniel Schreber. Den engelska översättaren Johann Reinhold Forster deltog, tillsammans med sin son Georg och Anders Sparrman, på James Cooks andra resa 1772-75

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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