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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1755

        The Fables of Jean de la Fontaine. Monograph by Frances J. Brewer. With a Leaf from the Memorial Edition of the Fables Chosies, illustrated by Jean-Bapiste Oudry and Printed in Paris by Charles-Antoine Jombert 1755-59.

      

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd.]
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        L'Histoire Naturelle éclaircie dans une de ses parties principales, l'oryctologie, qui traite des terres, des pierres, des métaux, des minéraux, et autres fossiles

      A Paris, chez de Bure, 1755, in-4, [8]-560-[2] pp, 26 pl, veau marbré de l'époque, caissons fleuronnés, pièce de titre grenat, tranches rouges, "An impressive compilation of 18th century mineral knowledge" Titre en rouge et noir. Frontispice allégorique d'après Devermont et 25 planches, l'ensemble gravé en taille-douce par Chedel. Édition en partie originale et première édition séparée : l'Oryctologie constituait à l'origine l'une des parties de l'ouvrage le plus célèbre de Dezallier d'Argenville, la Conchyliologie, publiée en 1742. Pour cette édition, l'auteur a enrichi le texte et a fait graver de nouvelles planches, représentant des pierres, minéraux, coraux et fossiles, ainsi que des oiseaux et des poissons. En légende des gravures sont indiqués les noms des souscripteurs aux dépens desquels elles ont été réalisées ; le Duc de Sully, l'abbé Jolly de Fleury, le peintre Julienne, le président Henault, Antoine-Charles Lorimier, le président Bon, etc... "These illustrations that rank among the best natural history engravings of the 18th century show minerals, stones, fossils, coral, birds and fish." Dezallier reconnait trois classes de minéraux : les pierres, les terres et les autres, subdivisées en fonction de propriétés physiques telles que la couleurs, la taille et le poids. L'auteur revendique le caractère novateur de sa méthode, bien qu'il ait été précédé par plusieurs autres naturalistes, parmi lesquels Agricola au XVe siècle. La dernière partie contient un remarquable exposé sur les minéraux et les fossiles découvert en France, s'achevant par un aperçu sur "quelques oiseaux & poissons rares" qui n'auraient "jamais été gravés" (planches 25 et 26). Dezallier d'Argenville étudia la gravure auprès de Jean Corneille et de Bernard Picart, et le dessin auprès de l'architecte Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond. Il fréquenta les salons élégants et érudits parisiens et fut membre de plusieurs sociétés savantes en France et en Europe. Il possédait un cabinet fameux dans lequel il rangeait, outre sa collection de peintures, dessins et gravures, "les objets de l'art et ceux de la nature" qu'il glanait à l'occasion de ses nombreux voyages en Europe ; ce cabinet fut décrit par Pierre Rémy dans le Catalogue raisonné (Paris, Didot) dressé, en vue de sa vente, après la mort de son propriétaire. Bel exemplaire finement restauré, bel état intérieur, malgré des petites rousseurs éparses. Trace d'un ex-libris arraché au contreplat. Ward & Carozzi, n° 660. Schuh, n° 1338. Madeleine Pinault-Sørensen, "Dezallier d'Argenville, l'Encyclopédie et la Conchyliologie", in : Recherches sur Diderot et sur l'Encyclopédie, 1998, Volume 24, n° 1, pp. 101-148.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Alain Brieux]
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        Pagus neletici et nudzici, oder Ausführliche diplomatisch-historische Beschreibung des zum [.] Hertzogthum Magdeburg gehörigen Saal-Creyses, und aller darinnen befindlichen Städte, Schlösser, Aemter, Rittergüter, adelichen Familien, Kirchen, Clöster, Pfarren und Dörffer, insonderheit der Städte Halle, Neumarckt, Glaucha, Wettin, Löbegün, Cönnern und Alsleben [.].

      Halle, Waisenhaus, 1755. - 2 Teile und 2 Beilagen in 1 Bd. (26), 1108, (20) SS. (22), 974 [recte: 972], (20) SS. 232 SS. 221, (1) SS. Beide Titel in rot und schwarz gedruckt. Mit gest. Frontispiz, gest. Portrait (nach Gründler), 61 (teils gefalt.) Kupfertafeln, 57 Textkupfern und 34 Textholzschnitten und -vignetten. Lederband der Zeit mit goldgepr. Rückenschildchen und hübscher Rückenvergoldung. Dreiseitiger marmorierter Farbschnitt. Buntpapiervorsätze. Folio. Zweite Ausgabe (EA 1749/50) des Hauptwerks des Hallenser Juristen und Historikers J. C. v. Dreyhaupt (1699-1768), in dem er "erstmals umfangreiches Material an Archivalien, darunter Hunderte von Urkunden, Kurzbiographien und genealogische Tafeln, veröffentlichte. Dreyhaupt wurde 1742 nobilitiert und war Hofpfalzgraf sowie Mitglied der Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina" (DBE). "Wichtige Abschnitte aus der Geschichte des ehemaligen Erzstiftes Magdeburg und der Stadt Halle hat Dreyhaupt als erster quellenmäßig bearbeitet [.] Sein Werk, das er auf eigene Kosten drucken ließ, ist noch heute für jeden, der sich mit der Geschichte Mitteldeutschlands beschäftigt, unentbehrlich" (NDB). "Diese beiden gewaltigen Folianten können für die damalige Zeit als das Muster einer Städtechronik gelten, in welcher der engere Kreis sich auf die Geschichte der ganzen Landschaft (des Herzogthums Magdeburg) erweitert" (ADB). - Selten komplett in beiden Teilen mit den Beilagen (diese datiert 1749 und 1750: Hondorffs Beschreibung des Halleschen Salzwerks und Dreyhaupts genealogische Tabellen mit 6 Wappenkupfertafeln). Mit Ansichten von Alsleben, Cönnern, Giebichenstein, Löbegrün und Wettin, sieben Halleschen Gebäudeansichten, Plänen, Portraits, Wappen, Münzen, Siegeln, Schriftproben etc. - Am Frontispiz verso hs. genealogischer Eintrag der Halleschen Familie Malsch (dat. 1850). 5 Kupfertafeln (Teil 1: 4-6; Teil 2: 40, 41) mit größeren Einrissen und etwas knitterig. Vereinzelt unbedeutend braunfleckig; insgesamt sehr sauber. Der monumentale Band gering berieben. Engelmann 865f. Vgl. NDB IV, 124. ADB V, 407. Zu Gründler vgl. Thieme/Becker XV, 129. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Serious reflections on the manifold dangers attending the use of copper vessels, and other utensils of copper and brass, in the preparations of all such solids as are designed for food to human bodies: in a letter to a friend.

      London printed: and sold by M. Cooper 1755 - 4to., 32pp., complete with the half-title, preserved in old plain card covers. A fine copy. First, and only, edition: rare. Only 11 other copies located: at BL + Cambridge + Royal Soc. + Wellcome + NLS + Glasgow and Duke + Harvard + US Lib. of Medicine + Minnesota + Villanova. Wellcome V, p.497. Not in Oxford, Bitting, Vicaire or Cagle. This is a 'serious' and practical study of kitchen utensils and the risks of food poisoning. 'I need not tell you, Sir,' the author writes, 'that copper utensils are now employed in almost every kitchen in the Kingdom; copper pots, copper stew-pans, copper sauce-pans and copper tea-kettles are all in daily use among us; to which we must add, kettles, ladles, and divers other things used in cookery, made of brass . these utensils, from the very nature of the metal, throw out a poisonous matter, more or less, which mixing with our food, renders it in a greater or lesser degree pernicious'. (p.8). The author goes on to describe what happens when various typical food substances are placed in a copper pan (e.g. water, milk, vinegar, salt, butter, suet, and sugar). He further considers the usefulness of tinning the copper - good while it lasts but usually has a short effective life. 'A very short time destroys the tinning, either wholly or in part; it may be scraped off, burnt off, melted off, or scower'd off; so that our safety herein, in great measure, depends on the virtue, care, and labour of those, who preside in the kitchen, or the scullery. The eye of a watchful mistress, a notable daughter, or a staid housekeeper, is, no doubt, a good check upon uncleanly or careless servants .'. (p.14). The author further pursues his case with examples of food poisoning. One, for example, was due to a meat cooked in a pan contaminated with 'verdigrease'. 'A tradesman and his wife, not long since, unfortunately dined very plentifully on a fry; a dish which, it seems, they were very fond of .'. The results were disastrous. The author seems to be particularly concerned with the making of confectionery, confectioners he notes using exclusively untinned copper pans. 'All the matter . which heated copper can throw out, and all which so active a substance as sugar can force out, is blended with our preserved fruits and sweetmeats of every kind. Of these sweetmeats children of almost every rank and age, even infants, eat in abundance; but people of quality most of all, as they scarce ever dine without a desert.' (p.22). The 'practice of dram-drinking', the use of copper in brewing, whether in public or private brew-houses, is equally condemned. In the final part of this essay, the author makes a number of positive recommendations. Among these he recommends the further scientific study of the subject, approves the use of plate iron (which is 'light, pleasant, sweet and wholesome'), and is positive about silver. Earthen ware is particularly good - although dangerous with acids - and stone ware or china are both recommended 'for the purposes of food'.

      [Bookseller: John Drury Rare Books ABA ILAB]
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        von den Geheimnissen der Weiber wie auch von den Tugenden der Kräuter Steine und Thiere und den Wunderwerken der Welt. Samt Michael Scoti Büchlein von den Geheimnissen der Natur. Mit Königl. Pohln. und Churfürstl. Sächsischer Freyheit.

      in der Raspischen Buchhandlung,, Nürnberg. 1755 - Mit gestoch. Front. u. Textvign. 368 S., 8 Bll. Reg. Ferguson I, 15. - Aus dem Inhalt: I. Von Erzeugung der Mutterfrucht. II. Von Bildung der Leibsfrucht. III. Von den Einflussen derer Planeten. IV. Von Erzeugung derer unvollkommenen Thiere. V. Vom Ausgang der Leibsfrucht aus der Bärmutter. VI. Von der Mißgeburt in der Natur. VII. Von den Zeichen der Empfängnuß. VIII. Von den Zeichen, ob ein Knäblein oder Mägdlein im Mutterelib sey. IX. Von den Zeichen der verscherzten Jungferschafft. X. Von den Zeichen der Keuschheit. XI. (fälschlich als IX. bezeichnet). Von den Gebrechen der Bärmutter. XII. Von den Verhinderungen der Empfängnuß. Letztes Capitel. Von des Saamens Natur und Zurichtung. u.v.m.- Text stellenweise gering gebräunt. Etwas späterer Ppbd. mit hs. Rückenschild, Name auf Titel. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inge Utzt]
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        DISPUTATIONES CHIRURGICAE SELECTAE, COLLEGIT, EDIDIT, PRAEFATUS EST ALBERTUS HALLERUS

      Lausanne: Marci-Michael Bousquet & Socior.. Very Good. 1755-56. First Edition. Hardcover. Albrecht von Haller was a Swiss anatomist, physiologist, naturalist and poet. A pupil of Herman Boerhaave, he is often referred to as "the father of modern physiology." VOL#1: [viii, 606pp, plates I-VIII]; VOL #2: [ii, 606pp, plates IX-XV]; VOL #3: [ii, 655pp, plates XVI-XXV]; VOL #4: [ii, 594pp, plates XXVI-XXXVI ( 2 different plates are labeled XXXVI & XXX has a plate no.1 & no.2) ]; VOL #5: [ii, 606pp, plates XXXIX-VI] . Illustrated with an engraved frontispiece, 51 engraved plates are found @ the rear of each volume (many folding & each plate refers to a specific page in the text) , an engraved portrait of the author on all 5 title pages and many vignettes. CONDITION: Contemporary binding: brown cloth spine & corners over marbled boards with lightly faded gilt lettering. Spine ends & corners are rubbed. Light edge wear. Texts are tightly bound and intact. Pages are clean & bright. 1" light damp stain on the top corner of pp 497-500, 521-524, 617-620 & plates XVII & XX not affecting text or plates. Plates are in nice condition with no tears. Latin text. Medicine, Surgery; 8vo; 3067 pages .

      [Bookseller: Nick Bikoff, Bookseller]
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        A Correct Chart of Hispaniola with the Windward Passage, Humbly dedicated to Mr. John Machin Professor of Astronomy at Gresham College. By Hydrographer to the King.

      London, c.1755 - Size: 590 x 465 mm. Trimmed a little tight at the top and bottom margins, but a nice clean copy. Uncoloured copper engraving. An attractive large chart of Hispaniola and the southern Bahamas, with title cartouche, compass roses and rhumb lines. Charles Price was a publisher, globe and instrument maker, engraver, and member of the Merchant Taylor's Company. He was apprenticed to John Seller and worked from a number of London addresses in the early years of the eighteenth century. "In partnership at various times with Jeremiah Seller, John Senex, John Maxwell and George Wildey. He was a debtor in Fleet Street Prison at the end of 1731 possibly until his death [c.1733]" (Tooley). Price apparently planned to published a maritime atlas covering the whole world, but the venture was not a success and was never completed. The British Library contains an untitled atlas containing sea charts of Britain and Europe, with this chart being the only non-European chart. After Price's death the plates passed to Mount & Page, who added their names lower right. This map was from the fourth book of Seller's English Pilot. It was the first wholly English atlas of American waters, and one of five books of The English Pilot. Tooley, Maps and Mapmaking,l p.61

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
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        Reflexions critiques sur la Poésie et sur la Peinture. 3 vols. Sixieme edition.

      Paris, chez Pissot 1755 - Guter Zustand. Die Einbände etwas berieben. Bei Band II fehlen beide, bei Band III eines der beiden Rückenschildchen. Alle Bände mit dem (gestempelten) Besitzvermerk eines Mr. Hyett. 4 Blatt, 525 Seiten; 3 Blatt, 594 Seiten; 2 Blatt, 427 Seiten. Deutsch 1100g

      [Bookseller: Krull GmbH]
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        ENCYCLOPEDIE - RECUEIL DE PLANCES SUR LES SCIENCES, LES ARTS LIBERAUX, ET LES ARTS MECANIQUES: ARMURIER - ARQUEBUSIER - FOURBISSEUR - ART MILITAIRE.

      (Codice AA/0112) Folio (cm 40,5). Grande volume contenente tutte le tavole tratte dall'atlante dall'edizione parigina del 1755 dell'ENCYCLOPEDIE relative a: ARMURIER, ARQUEBUSIER, FOURBISSEUR, ART MILITAIRE, Centinaia di figure su 50 grandi bellissime tavole finemente incise in rame (di cui una grande ripiegata): armature e armi di varie epoche e loro particolari, congegni da guerra, ateliers e macchinari vari per la loro fabbricazione, ordini di battaglia degli eserciti, ecc. Accompagnano le tavole 11 pp. di testi esplicativi. Carta vergata, lievi rossure. Pregiata legatura d'epoca mezza pelle, nervetti, doppio tassello rosso, titolo oro, piatti marmorizzati. Ottimo stato. Euro 500.00 ~~~ SPEDIZIONE IN ITALIA SEMPRE TRACCIATA

      [Bookseller: Bergoglio Libri d'Epoca]
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        STORIA E FENOMENI DEL VESUVIO - Esposti Dal P.D. Gio: Maria Della Torre,

      Napoli: Presso Giuseppe Raimondi, 1755 - 4° - 120pp - 8 Tri-folded Prints(505x270mm each) etched by Giuseppe Aloja: 1- Prospetto del Vesuvio da Napoli, 2-Veduta del Vesuvio dalla terza par.a di Bosco Tre Case detta la Nunziatella, 3- Veduta del Vesuvio- detta L'Oratorio, 4- Veduta dal Vesuvio da un Sasso deto la Pietra Rossa, 5- Veduta dell'atrio del Cavallo, e del Vesuvio, 6- Vorgine (4), 7- Veduta del piano interiore del Vesuvio, 8- Grottone in forma di un tempio rotondo./ 1- Vesuvius from Napoli, 2-View of Vesuvius from the third par- de of Bosco Three Houses called the Nunziatella, 3- View of the Vesuvius The Oratory, 4- View of Vesuvius from a Sasso detone the Red Stone, 5- View of the Cavalry and Vesuvial Atrium, 6- Vorgine (4), 7- View of the Vesuvius interior, 8- Grottone in the form of a round temple . First edition, text in Italian language. Orginal Pergament binding. In Fine condition [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: °ART...on paper - 20th Century Art Books]
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        Descriptio anatomica oculi humani iconibus illustrata.

      - Göttingen: Apud viduam B. Abrami Vandenhoeck, 1755, 4°, (16), 272 pp., 27 (davon 12 color.) Abb. auf 7 Kupfertafeln, Halbpergamentband d.Zt.; mit Stempeln von "W.v.Zehender Bibliothek Bern"; feines, breitrandiges Exemplar. FIRST EDITION. 'The first complete study of the anatomy of the eye, including the first description of the 'zonule of Zinn' and the 'annulus of Zinn'." Garrison and Morton. - "Zinn's masterpiece, and the first complete anatomy of the eye. Written long before it was possible to examine the interior of the living eye, the descriptions of the ciliary body, the iris, and the ocular blood vessels and nerves are remarkable for the precision and thoroughness. With seven copperplates, containing a total of twenty-seven illustrations; in many, the structures axe magnified." Albert, et al. - "The illustrations in this work, engraved by Joel Paul Kaltenhofer, mark a new plateau in the graphic representation of the eye, for it becomes, in the modem sense, recognizable both 'in situ' in the orbit and enucleated." Becker Collection. - Johann Zinn studied under Albrecht von Haller at the University of Gottingen (M.D., 1749). Zinn studied botany and anatomy in Berlin for several years before becoming professor of medicine in Gottingen and director of the city's botanical gardens. Zinn made important discoveries concerning the iris, ciliary body, lens, and ophthalmic nerves. Zinn died at the early age of 32. Albert, et al, Source book of ophthalmology, 2580. - - Albert & Edwards, The history of ophthalmology, p.256; Becker Collection 426; Blake, NUVf, p. 499; Garrison and Morton 1484; Gorin, History of ophthalmology, pp. 16, 60-61; Heirs of Hippocrates 966; Hirsch, VI, p. 375; Hirschberg, V, pp. 28-34; Osler 4298 (1780); Waller 10493. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiq. F.-D. Söhn - Medicusbooks.Com]
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        Voyages métallurgiques, ou recherches et observations sur les mines & forges de fer, la fabrication de l'acier, celle du fer-blanc, & plusieurs mines de charbon de terre, faites depuis l'année 1757 jusques & compris 1769, en Allemagne, Suéde, Norwege, Angleterre & Ecosse.Lyon & Paris, Gabriel Regnault, L. Cellot, P. Didot et al., 1774-1781. 3 volumes. 4to. With 52 folding engraved plates. Contemporary French mottled calf, gold-tooled spine.

      Brunet III, col. 516 ("ouvrage très estimé"); Honeyman 1755; Hoover 452; Quérard IV, p. 210; for Jars: DSB VIII, p. 78. First edition of a comprehensive and well-illustrated treatise on theoretical and practical metallurgy, published by Gabriel's brother, M.G. Jars, who had accompanied him on his journey through Belgium, Holland, Norway, Sweden, Germany, England and Scotland. "Ce livre très estimé, offre, non un itinéraire, mais divers mémoires sur les mines des pays visités par l'auteur: elles sont décrites avec beaucoup d'exactitude; Jars donne leur histoire, les réglements et la forme de leur administration, le mode de leur exploitation ..." (Quérard). The plates show accurate layouts and cross-sections of mines, shafts, mining equipment, and some are maps with mining veins indicated. Some slight foxing, slight waterstain outer margin in volumes 2,3; vol. 3, p. 87 lower corner torn off; some damage to binding. Well-preserved copies on wide-margined paper with attractive plates of this classic work on mining.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat FORUM BV]
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        A Letter to Dean Swift, Esq; on his Essay upon the life, writings, and character of Dr. J. Swift. By the author of the Observations on Lord Orrery's remarks, &c

      London: Printed: and sold Reeve at Shakespear's Head near Serjeants-Inn Gate, Fleet-Street, and A. Linde in Catherine-Street in the Strand, 1755. First edition. pp. [3]-31. Missing the half-title. 1 vols. 8vo. Quarter modern brown calf and burgundy cloth, title stamped on the spine. Fine copy. First edition. pp. [3]-31. Missing the half-title. 1 vols. 8vo. Rothschild 790; ESTC T145576

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        A New Thory of The Earth, from its Original to the Consummation of All Things. Wherein The Creation of the World in Six Days, The Universal Deluge, and the General Conflagration. Are shewn to the perfectly agreeable to Reason and Philosophy.

      Whiston and White London Sixth Edition 1755 - Octavo; [4],94,[2],478,[2]. 10 plates, all present, bound out of order. Contemporary full calf, corners sl bumped and worn, the spine with raised bands, contemporary black leettering piece, plain compartments. Base of spine trifle worn. Occasional scattered spots, sl vertical crease to front endpaper. Minor cracking upper joint but boards are tight. Overall a VG copy. This edition contains an appendix containing a New Theory of the Deluge, and the work is dedicated to Isaac Newton. William Whiston (9 December 1667 – 22 August 1752) was an English theologian, historian, and mathematician, a leading figure in the popularisation of the ideas of Isaac Newton. He is now probably best known for helping to instigate the Longitude Act in 1714 (and his attempts to win the rewards that it promised) and his important translations of the Antiquities of the Jews and other works by Josephus (which are still in print). He was a prominent exponent of Arianism and wrote A New Theory of the Earth.Whiston succeeded his mentor Newton as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge. Having lost the position over his theological views, he spent the rest of his life as a lecturer and writer. Whiston's A New Theory of the Earth from its Original to the Consummation of All Things (1696) was an articulation of creationism and flood geology. It held that the global flood of Noah had been caused by a comet. The work obtained the praise of John Locke, who classed the author among those who, if not adding much to our knowledge, "At least bring some new things to our thoughts."[1] He was an early advocate, along with Edmond Halley, of the periodicity of comets; he also held that comets were responsible for past catastrophes in Earth's history. In 1736, he caused widespread anxiety among London's citizens when he predicted the world would end on 16 October that year because a comet would hit the earth. William Wake as Archbishop of Canterbury officially denied this prediction to calm the public.There was no consensus within the Newtonians as to how far mechanical causes could be held responsible for key events of sacred history: John Keill was at the opposite to extreme to Whiston in minimising such causes.[42] As a natural philosopher, Whiston's speculations respected no boundary with his theological views. He saw the creation of man as an intervention in the natural order. He picked up on Arthur Ashley Sykes's advice to Samuel Clarke to omit an eclipse and earthquake mentioned by Phlegon of Tralles from future editions of Clarke's Boyle lectures, these events being possibly synchronous with Christ's crucifixion. Whiston published The Testimony of Phlegon Vindicated in 1732 (wiki) [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Neil Summersgill Ltd ABA,PBFA,ILAB.]
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        Elémens de la Philosophie newtonienne.

      A Amsterdam, et A Leipzig, Chez Arkstee & Merkus 1755 - Par Mr. Pemberton. Traduit de l'Anglois. Contenant 12 planches hors texte repliées et vignettes de titre. Complet & Contrôlé. Première édition française, très RARE. A Amsterdam, et A Leipzig, Chez Arkstee & Merkus - 1755 - xvj (Préface et Table), 495 pages. Reliure plein veau marbré de l'époque. Dos à nerfs orné et doré avec pièce de titre maroquin rouge. Tranches rouges. Petit accroc aux coiffes. Coins frottés. Pas de rousseur. Très bon état. Intérieur très frais. Format in-8°(20x13). 1ère Edition [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Livres et Collections]
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        Journal für Freymaurer. Als Manuskript gedruckt für Brüder und Meister des Ordens. Herausgegeben. von den Brüdern der Loge zur Wahrheit im Orient von Wien.

      Erster bis Dritter Jahrgang (alles Erschienene), in 6 Bdn, gebunden. Mit 12 gest. Frontispices, 1 gest. Tafel und 3 gefalt. gest. Notenbeilagen. Dekorative grüne HLdr.-Bde. des 19. Jhdts., mit Rückenschild und goldgepr. Freimaurersymbolen am Rücken. Kopfgoldschnitt. Wolfstieg 506 Kloß 22 Taute 181: " Die erste bedeutende maurerische Zeitschrift. Obwohl in ca. 1000 Ex. aufgelegt, sind vollständige Sammlungen dieses unschätzbaren Quellenwerks doch äusserst selten " - Erschien in 12 Vierteljahrsheften. - Das von Joseph von Sonnenfelnd angeregte und von dem Wiener Dichter und Zensor Alois Blumauer (1755-1798) redigierte Journal "hat später vielen freimaurerischen Zeitschriften zum Vorbild gedient und wurde von ihnen bis tief ins 19. Jahrhundert hinein ausgeschöpft und immer wieder mit und ohne Quellenangabe nachgedruckt (Kuéss/Scheichelbauer, 200 Jahre Freimaurerei in Österreich, 1959, p. 51). - Das erste Heft des zweiten Jahrgangs enthält auf einer gest. Notentafel den Erstdruck "Zur Gesellenreise", SS. 117-118 enthalten den Text von Joseph Franz Ratschky in der Version des Logenbruders Mozarts, Johann Baptist Holzer, der auf dem Notenblatt auch als Komponist ("von Br. H++r") angegeben wird. Es wird vermutet, dass Mozart Holzers Version des Liedes bei seinem eigenen Beförderungsritual in den Gesellengrad hörte und sich davon zur "Gesellenreise" (KV 468) inspirieren ließ. - Des weiteren enthält das 2. Vj. des ersten Bandes einen Notendruck auf 2 Bll. mit der gleichen Signatur, "Im Namen der Armen", das eine starke strukturelle Ähnlichkeit mit der heutigen, österreichischen Hymne "Land der Berge, Land am Strome" aufweist. Seit den 1960er Jahren diskutieren Musikwissenschaftler, ob die Musik der Landshymne nun von Mozart, wie lange angenommen, oder doch von Holzer stammt. - Im 1. Vj. des ersten Jahres mit einem Beitrag von Ignaz von Born "Ueber die Mysterien der Aegyptier", der als Vorbild für "Sarastro" in Mozarts Zauberflöte angesehen wird. - Aus der Charlesworth Masonic Library. - Titel mi kl. zeitgen. Freimaurerstempel (Zirkel und Winkel mit Initialen W E). Wenig stockfleckig, insgesamt sehr gutes und frisches Exemplar!

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Oeuvres

      Amsterdam|& Leipzig: Arkstée & Merkus, 1755. Fine. Arkstée & Merkus, Amsterdam & Leipzig 1755-1759, in-12 (9,5x15cm), (6) cxlviij ; 494pp. et (6) 564pp. et (6) 524pp. et (6) 569pp.et (8) 412pp., 5 volumes reliés. - Illustrated edition of a portrait of the author engraved by Fokke, 24 figures engraved on copper by Fritsch according Aartman and an intaglio flagship repeated on the first four titles. Copy fully settled. Binders after full red morocco-signed Bauzonnet Trautz. - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Édition illustrée d'un portrait de l'auteur gravé par Fokke, de 24 figures gravées sur cuivre par Fritsch d'après Aartman et d'un fleuron en taille-douce répété sur les quatre premiers titres. Exemplaire entièrement réglé. Reliures postérieures en plein maroquin rouge, signées Bauzonnet-Trautz. Dos à cinq nerfs ornés de filets et pointillés dorés. Plats encadrés de triples filets dorés. Double filet doré en soulignement des coupes. Dentelle dorée en encadrement des contreplats. Quelques frottements et dos un peu passés, sinon bel exemplaire.  

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
 17.   Check availability:     IOBABooks     Link/Print  


        Den Haag, Loosduinseweg - Hendrik Florisz. Scheurleer, 1755-1761.

      Kopergravure vervaardigd door Iven Besoet en uitgegeven 1755-1761 door Hendrik Florisz. Scheurleer. Later met de hand gekleurd. Afm. (prent): ca. 28,5 x 40,5 cm.De Westeinderbrug over de West Singelsgracht, gezien vanaf de weg naar Loosduinen. Links en rechts resp. de Heeremolen en de Zuidmolen. Aan de overzijde van de brug een gezicht door het Westeinde met in het verschiet de Grote of St. Jacobskerk. Op de voorgrond rechts de brug naar de weg aan de overzijde van de Lijnbaan.De Haagse uitgever en boekverkoper Hendrik Florisz. Scheurleer (1692-1768) speelde in op de populariteit van het stadsgezicht in het midden van de 18de eeuw. Hij publiceerde een reeks van achttien uiterst informatieve gezichten van Den Haag en directe omgeving die hij allemaal aan Haagse burgemeesters, baljuws of secretarissen opdroeg. Ze zijn gegraveerd door Iven Besoet (ca. 1720-1769) een uit Leiden afkomstige kunstenaar. Dat de reeks een succes was, mag blijken uit de diverse kopie?n (meestal optica-prenten) die er naar zijn gemaakt. Of Besoet er goed aan heeft verdiend, is echter zeer de vraag, want als we de biografie?n mogen geloven werd hij wegens wanbetaling zijn huis uitgezet, waarna hij, gehuld in een deken, op straat verbleef en korte tijd later overleed.Prijs: ?975,- (incl. lijst).

      [Bookseller: Inter-Antiquariaat MEFFERDT & DE JONGE]
 18.   Check availability:     NVvA     Link/Print  


        Histoire du prince François Eugene de Savoye

      à Vienne en Autriche: Chez Briffaut, 1755. Fine. Chez Briffaut, à Vienne en Autriche 1755, In 12 (10x17cm), (4) XII 360pp. et (4) 279pp. et (2) 351pp. et (2) 343pp. et (2) 388pp., 5 volumes reliés. - New edition, illustrated with a portrait by Schmidt on strong paper and 12 shots military battles flyers. The first edition was published by the same publisher in 1741. The book is no author name, and was awarded to Mauvillon by Barbier. Binders full glossy brown calf contemporary. Back with nerves decorated. part of title and volume number in red morocco. 3 corners lightly bumped. Traces of friction. 2 snags tail of Volume III, ditto in the first well of Volume I. Small lack tail of Volume I. Error bookbinder who placed the false title of Volume 2 ahead of the first volume and the first volume in head of Volume II, ditto for the portrait is the frontispiece of the second volume; the contents of Volume I is found in Volume II. Nice copy. Eugene of Savoy was one of the most illustrious military of its time. Suffering the disgrace of Louis XIV he inherited from his mother, he began, after the king's refusal, in the Empire army. From 22 years after the war of the Holy League (Empire, Poland and Venice) against the Turks, he was made a major general. Its various campaigns, especially against France during the Spanish succession, against Italy and the Turks led to his being chief, then at the end of his life governor of the Netherlands. 1 Napoleon considered him one of the 7 great generals of history. Beyond the military biography of the character, the book is a political history of modern Europe very relevant. - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Nouvelle édition, illustrée d'un portrait par Schmidt sur papier fort et de 12 plans dépliants militaires de batailles. L'édition originale est paru chez le même éditeur en 1741. Le livre se trouve sans nom d'auteur, et a été attribué à Mauvillon par Barbier. Reliures en plein veau brun glacé d'époque. Dos à nerfs orné. Pièce de titre et de tomaison en maroquin rouge. 3 coins légèrement émoussés. Traces de frottements. 2 accrocs en queue du tome III, idem dans le premier caisson du tome I. Petit manque en queue du tome I. Erreur du relieur qui a placé le faux-titre du tome 2 en tête du tome I et celui du tome premier en tête du tome II, idem pour le portrait qui se trouve au frontispice du tome second ; le contenu du tome I se trouve dans le tome II. Pas de faux-titre dans les tomes 3, 4 et 5. Dernier feuillet de la table du tome V contrecollé au feuillet de garde avec un manque en marge basse. Bel exemplaire. Eugène de Savoye fut l'un des plus illustres militaires de son temps. Subissant la disgrâce de Louis XIV qu'il hérita de sa mère, il s'engagea, après un refus du roi, dans l'armée de l'Empire. Dès 22 ans, après la guerre de la Sainte Ligue (Empire, Pologne, Venise) contre les Turcs, il fut fait général de division. Ses diverses campagnes, notamment contre la France lors de la succession d'Espagne, contre l'Italie et les Turcs lui valurent d'être généralissime, puis à la fin de sa vie gouverneur des Pays-Bas. Napoléon 1er le considérait comme l'un des 7 grands généraux de l'histoire. Par delà la biographie militaire du personnage, l'ouvrage constitue une histoire politique de l'Europe moderne fort pertinente. L'ouvrage procède de manière chronologique, de 1683 (date de la déclaration de guerre des Turcs à l'empereur) à 1736 .  

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Lettres chinoises ou correspondance philosophique historique & critique

      à La Haye;|à Berlin: Chez Pierre Paupie, 1755. Fine. Chez Pierre Paupie, à La Haye; à Berlin 1755 - 1746, in-12 (8x14,5cm), xxiv, 306pp. et 332pp. et 338pp. et 332pp. et 327pp. et 84pp. ; 187pp., 6 volumes reliés. - New edition (third?) And first in 6 volumes. The First edition date 1746.Les philosophical Dreams are publishing originale.Plein speckled antique brown calf. Smooth back decorated. Parts of titles and volume numbers in red morocco. Triple gold star and mesh spandrels on the boards. All red edges. Three caps and three head and tail frayed. Some corners slightly émoussés.Les Chinese Letters, inaugurated by the same author by Jewish letters that typical design Lights compare manners and customs of many civilizations; work in pattern, always humorous, the first book of its kind: The spy of the court of Marana and Persian Letters of Montesquieu. Chinese narrator writing to his fellow different places of Europe (Moscow Stockholm, Paris ...). The work is supposed to always wonder about the strangeness of our own thoughts and habits. D'Argens also describes several trips east, with interesting information about the customs and institutions of the Eastern countries. Like the Jewish cabalistic or letters from the same author, Chinese letters were published in périodiques.Les philosophical dreams, numbering 20, relations dreams, utopias are authentic; the first tale land inhabited and ruled by apes, the Singimanie; the second involves a monkey and tasks Changijournes narrator, who continually changes of clothes and fashion people ... In the fifteenth dream, the narrator is visited by Racine, and dialogue exposes the field of literature in time of the author, etc ... --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Nouvelle édition (troisième ?) et première en 6 volumes. L'édition originale date de 1746. Les Songes philosophiques sont en édition originale. Reliures en plein veau brun moucheté d'époque. Dos lisses ornés. Pièces de titres et de tomaisons en maroquin rouge. Triple filet doré et étoiles en écoinçons sur les plats. Toutes tranches rouges. Trois coiffes de tête et trois de queue élimées. Quelques coins très légèrement émoussés. Les Lettres chinoises, inaugurées par le même auteur que les Lettres juives ont ce dessein typique des Lumières de comparer les mœurs et coutumes de plusieurs civilisations ; l'œuvre reprend le schéma, toujours humoristique, du premier ouvrage de ce type : L'espion de la cour de Marana, puis les Lettres persanes de Montesquieu. Un narrateur chinois écrit à ses congénères des différents lieux de l'Europe (Moscou, Stockholm, Paris...). L'œuvre est toujours censée nous interroger sur l'étrangeté de nos propres pensées et coutumes. D'Argens décrit également plusieurs voyages en Orient, avec des informations intéressantes sur les mœurs et institutions des pays orientaux. A l'instar des Lettres cabalistiques ou juives du même auteur, les Lettres chinoises furent publiés en périodiques. Les songes philosophiques, au nombre de vingt, relations de rêves, sont d'authentiques utopies ; le premier conte une terre habitée et gouvernée par des singes, la Singimanie ; le second entraîne un singe et le narrateur chez les Changijournes, peuple qui change continuellement d'habits et de mode... Dans le quinzième songe, le narrateur reçoit la visite de Racine, et le dialogue expose la matière des belles-lettres à l'époque de l'auteur. 

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Commentaria in Hermanni Boerhaave Aphorismos de Cognoscendis et Curandis Mo

      Parisiis|(Paris): Apud Guilelmum Cavelier, 1755. Fine. Apud Guilelmum Cavelier, Parisiis (Paris) 1755 - 1773, 5 Vol. in-4 (20x26cm), viij (4) 884pp. et (4) 769pp. et vij (1bc) 685pp. et (8) 668pp. et xij, 736pp. (91) (16), 5 volumes reliés. - New edition for the first three volumes were published lequels respectively in 1742 and 1743; Volumes 4 and 5 appear here for the first time in 1765 and 1773, Pages titles in red and blond marbled noir.Plein Veal and Iced time. Back tooled raised. Part of title in red morocco. Caps heads Volumes 1 and 2 threadbare; cap heads volumes 3, 4 and 5 frayed; tails of volumes 2 and 5 threadbare. 4 corners bumped on all volumes. Set of beautiful aspect.Hermann Boerhaave is one of the great figures of modern medicine, founder of clinical medicine, in 1709 he published his most famous book, which has contributed to his fame in Europe: Aphorisms, so fundamental manual in the understanding of diseases and their treatments. Van Switen was one of the disciples and followers of Boerhaave whose lessons attracted listeners from all over Europe. He worked for ten years on Aphorisms; reading especially helped fill the entire eighteenth name Boerhaave. --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Nouvelle édition pour les trois premiers tomes, lequels ont paru respectivement en 1742 et 1743 ; les tomes 4 et 5 paraissent ici pour la première fois en 1765 et 1773. Pages de titres en rouge et noir. Plein Veau blond d'époque marbré et glacé. Dos à nerfs orné. Pièce de titre en maroquin rouge. Coiffes de têtes des tomes 1 et 2 élimées; coiffe de têtes des tomes 3, 4 et 5 effilochées ; queues des tomes 2 et 5 élimées. 4 coins émoussés sur l'ensemble des tomes. Ensemble de bel aspect. Hermann Boerhaave est une des grandes figures de la médecine moderne, fondateur de la médecine clinique, il a publié en 1709 son livre le plus célèbre et qui a contribué à sa gloire en Europe : Les Aphorismes, sorte de manuel fondamental dans la connaissance des maladies et leurs traitements. Van Switen fut un des élèves et disciples de Boerhaave dont les leçons attiraient des auditeurs de toute l'Europe. Il travailla pendant dix ans sur Les Aphorismes ; sa lecture contribua particulièrement à remplir tout le XVIIIe du nom de Boerhaave.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Voyages métallurgiques, ou recherches et observations sur les mines & forges de fer, la fabrication de l'acier, celle du fer-blanc, & plusieurs mines de charbon de terre, faites depuis l'année 1757 jusques & compris 1769, en Allemagne, Suéde, Norwege, Angleterre & Ecosse.Lyon & Paris, Gabriel Regnault, L. Cellot, P. Didot et al., 1774-1781. 3 volumes. 4to. With 52 folding engraved plates. Contemporary French mottled calf, gold-tooled spine.

      - Brunet III, col. 516 ("ouvrage très estimé"); Honeyman 1755; Hoover 452; Quérard IV, p. 210; for Jars: DSB VIII, p. 78. First edition of a comprehensive and well-illustrated treatise on theoretical and practical metallurgy, published by Gabriel's brother, M.G. Jars, who had accompanied him on his journey through Belgium, Holland, Norway, Sweden, Germany, England and Scotland. "Ce livre très estimé, offre, non un itinéraire, mais divers mémoires sur les mines des pays visités par l'auteur: elles sont décrites avec beaucoup d'exactitude; Jars donne leur histoire, les réglements et la forme de leur administration, le mode de leur exploitation ." (Quérard). The plates show accurate layouts and cross-sections of mines, shafts, mining equipment, and some are maps with mining veins indicated. Some slight foxing, slight waterstain outer margin in volumes 2,3; vol. 3, p. 87 lower corner torn off; some damage to binding. Well-preserved copies on wide-margined paper with attractive plates of this classic work on mining. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat FORUM BV]
 22.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        A dictionary of the English language in which the words are deduced from their originals

      London: J. & P. Knapton, 1755 [i.e. Folio Society, 2006. Fine full-size facsimile of the first edition of Johnson's famous undertaking, limited to 1000 numbered copies (this, no. 164), 2 volumes, folio, publisher's half tan calf over marbled boards, red and green morocco labels on spines, publisher's slipcase; fine.

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books]
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        Augsburgische Sammlung derer wegen des höchstbetrübten Untergangs der Stadt Lissabon, ... anbey hat man die Stadt Augsburg in Grundriß mit 48. Prospecten der schönsten Gebäude denselben mit beygefüget ... Augsburg, Johann Michael Roth, [ca. 1756]. 1mo (50 x 38.5 cm). With engraved title-page, an engraved report on the earthquake and resulting tsunami; and in the first part 60 engraved views, maps and plans on 13 leaves (4 large folding). Including :(2) [MAP]. KRAUS, Johann Thomas. Accurata recens delineate ichnographia ... metropolis Augustae Vindelicorum ... = Neu verfertigt accurater Grund Riß der ... Statt Augspurg, ...Augsburg, Matthäus Seutter, [ca. 1750]. Large engraved map on a folding sheet (50 x 61 cm) at a scale of about 1:4000. (3) WEYERMANN, Jakob Christoph. Prospectus praecipuorum aedificorum et locorum intra et extra urbem Augustam Vindelicorum ...Augsburg, Matthäus Seutter, 1742. 4 large uncut folding sheets (each 40 x 70 cm) containing the engraved title-page and 47 engraved views of buildings in and around

      KVK & WorldCat (2 copies, 1 lacking the Augsburg parts and the other more seriously incomplete). An extremely rare and stunning display of the vibrant graphic and topographic trade in mid-18th-century Augsburg, the main part devoted primarily to the earthquake and tsunami that desolated Lisbon and many other cities in Portugual, southwest Spain and northwest Africa on 1 November 1755. It brings together maps, plans, prospects, bird's-eye views and other views from most of the leading Augsburg print publishers of the day, bringing the destruction into sharp graphic focus, with many views, often including before and after pictures, of Lisbon, Meknes (Mequines) and Fez in Morocco. Several views show looters or others who tried to exploit the chaos hanging at the gallows. The collection goes beyond a mere record of the earthquake and tsunami, however, providing an excellent overview of Portuguese and Spanish topography in general, with many city views, plans and fortification plans. The title-page notes that the publisher can supply copies already bound ("gebunden zu bekommen"). But it also seems likely that the present copy was supplied by the publisher in its wrapper made of so-called gold brocade paper. Augsburg raised the production of this kind of decorated paper to an art in the mid-18th-century, and the present example (two whole sheets, for the front and back wrapper, printed from the same block) is a fine specimen.In very good condition, with only the spine of the wrapper somewhat tattered. A beautiful copy and the only complete copy located, of a splendid display of Augsburg prints relating to the great Lisbon earthquake and the city of Augsburg.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat FORUM BV]
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        The Irish Hudibras. Hesperi-neso-graphia: or, a Description of the Western Isle. In eight Cantos. With Annotations .

      Printed for J. Reason ., London 1755 - First British edition, scarce, first published as Hesperi-neso-graphia in Dublin in 1724 (Foxon H162), in which the poet 'paints Ireland in the wildest colours' (Aubin). 'The design of this poem is to ridicule the manners of the country-people of Ireland. The humour is very low, and the poetry as low as the humour' (Monthly Review). 8vo (214 × 135 mm) in half-sheets, pp. [4], 59, [1]; complete with the half-title; first and last pages dusty and a little ragged, old stain to half-title; stab-sewn, as issued, entirely uncut. [Aubin, pp. 196, 365.] [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Justin Croft Antiquarian Books Ltd ABA]
 25.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        l'Histoire naturelle éclaircie dans une de ses parties principales, l'Oryctologie, qui traite des terres, des pierres, des métaux, des minéraux, et autres fossiles. Ouvrage dans lequel on trouve une nouvelle méthode Latine & Françoise de les diviser, & une notice critique des principaux ouvrages qui ont paru sur ces matières.

      Paris, De Bure, 1755. 4to (28.6 x 21.1 cm). Engraved frontispiece, [6], xvi, 560 [1] pp., 26 engraved plates. Contemporary full mottled calf, richly floral gilt spine with five raised bands and gilt lettered red morroco label. Marbled endpapers, edged red.l Next to "La conchyliologie" (1742, 1757) and "La lithographie" (1742) the most important publication by d'Argenville, but lesser known and rarer than the other two. Just as the other two works published anonymously. The Oryctologie mainly deals with corals, fossils (mainly of molluscs, and fish), minerals and precious stones, but an appendix also includes "oyseaux qui n'ont jamais eté gravés" and "Poissons de l'Amerique dessinez par la pere Plumier et qu'on pretend n'avoir jamais eté gravéz". The plates were designed by Devermont and engraved by Chedel. The frontispiece depicts Cybele with mural crown, holding an ammonite and a coral, and with crystals and stalagmites at her feet. Light shelfwear, otherwise a very good copy; text and plates clean, with strong impressions. Ward & Carozzi 660; not in Nissen.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Schierenberg]
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        De ortu stratorum telluris et ratione qua corpora marina in loca Mediterranea translata sint, commentario in conventu literario philosophico mense junio lecta et approbata. [AND] Series quaestionum et assertionum ex universa philosophia.

      Praha, Franciscus Ignatius Kirchner, [1755]. Small 8vo (16.4 x 9.7 cm). 56 pp. Contemporary blind, speckled boards.l Very rare work written by the Jesuit priest and mathematician Kaspar Sagner (1721-1781), and defended as a thesis by Anton Lyer. In Prague, Sagner studied philosophy (1740-1742), and theology (1747-1750). He became a teacher at the Latin school in Breslau (1744-1746). From1752-1758 and from 1766-1773 he was professor of mathematics and experimental physics in Prague. In 1759-60 he was professor of moral theology in Olomouc, and from 1761 to 1765 professor of mathematics in Madrid. The author discusses the fact that the earth is divided in distinct layers and why in the Mediterranean region "corpora marina" (i.e. fossils) have been displaced. The author refers to the biblical flood but also, for instance, to the newly formed island of Nea Kameni ("the new burnt island" in Greek) which was first observed on 23 May 1707. In the rear is a shorter paper by Sagner, titled: "Series quaestionum et assertionum ex universa philosophia", which is on logic, and various mathematical problems. The armorial bookplate of the "Karlsbader Stadt-Bibliothek - Dr Hochberger-Bibliothek" on the front paste-down, otherwise a nice clean, unmarked copy. No copies on the internet, only one auction record in the last 40 years. Neither in Von Zittel, nor in Ward & Carrozi.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Schierenberg]
 27.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Dictionary of the English Language:

      Ã¬The Most Amazing, Enduring and Endearing One-Man Feat in the Field of LexicographyîJOHNSON, Samuel. A Dictionary of the English Language: In which the words are deduced from their originals, and illustrated in their different significations by examples from the best writers. To which are prefixed, a history of the language, and an English grammar. London: Printed by W. Strahan, for J. and P. Knapton..., 1755.First edition of ìthe most amazing, enduring and endearing one-man feat in the field of lexicographyî (Printing and the Mind of Man). Two large folio volumes, tall paper copies, (16 1/2 x 10 1/4 inches; 412 x 254 mm.). Unpaginated. Text in double columns. Title-pages printed in red and black. Decorative woodcut tail-pieces.Later full tan sheep, decoratively gilt-stamped on spines with two morocco labels, gilt-stamped. Extremities rubbed, scratch to rear cover of vol. I. Some minor foxing and browning as usual. Overall, a very nice set.îBegun in 1747, and printed over five years, Johnsonís Dictionary at once put to shame every other dictionary that had ever been written and set the standard for every dictionary that has been written since. Its genius was at once acknowledged by every hand, and the first edition of two thousand copies was instantly sold out...Perhaps the greatest innovation in Johnsonís work was his consistent reliance not on earlier word-lists and dictionaries, not on his own intuition, but on English literature itselfóthe vast, wonderful treasury of words that, well chosen and properly sorted and accurately quoted, became in itself almost a dictionary of the language. Indeed, after Johnson showed the way by quoting from English literature at every turn, it was even suggested that a great dictionary might be written without definitions at allóif the quotations were plentiful enough and well enough chosen and edited. This insistence on real examples from the real language as it has been really used has informed every serious dictionary every sinceófrom Richardson and Webster to the new OEDî (The Collection of The Garden Ltd., Sothebyís New York, November 9 and 10, 1989, lot 148).Courtney & Nichol Smith, p. 54. Printing and the Mind of Man 201. Rothschild 1237.HBS 67203.$22,500

      [Bookseller: Heritage Book Shop, LLC ]
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        Four Songs in the Opera Call'd Il Demofonte Sung by Sig.ra Mingotti Price 2s: 6d. [Full score]

      [London]: To be had at Sig.r De Giardini's Lodgings... At Mr. Cox's Music Shop... and at Mr. Smith's Music Shop, 1755. Very scarce. Worldcat (3 copies only, at Harvard, Cornell, and the Newberry). OCLC nos. 23856520, 80051316. RISM J586 (attributed to Niccolò Jommelli) and RISM H2248, HH 2248 (4 copies only, only one of which in the US, at Cornell, attributed to Hasse, Mingotti's name not mentioned). Not in BUC. Ward English catalogue 145. Hasse's Demofoonte, to a libretto by Pietro Metastasio, was first performed at the Hoftheater in Dresden on February 9, 1748. "Two of the published arias for Dircea (Mingotti) are from Dresden operas by Hasse, "Or che salvo" from his second Arminio (1745) and "Padre, perdona" form his first Demofoonte (1748) in which Mingotti had created the role of Creusa... I have been unable to trace the three other arias in the prints - all on Demofoonte texts - including "Se tutti i mali miei," which Burney wrongly identifies as being from Hasse's 1748 setting. Possibly they belong to Galuppi's 1749 setting for Madrid, which Mingotti might have known from her engagement there from 1751 to 1753. Apparently no score of Galuppi's opera is preserved." John H. Roberts in Opera and the Enlightenment, ed. Thomas Bauman, p. 169. Regina Mingotti (1722-1808), a German singer of Italian birth, sang in Dresden, Naples, Prague, Madrid (1751-3), Paris and London (1754-5); "in the 1756-7 and 1763-4 London seasons she took over the management of the King's Theatre together with the leader of the orchestra, Felice Giardini, and incurred much obloquy... Burney called her 'perfect mistress of her art', 'always grand' in her style though lacking in grace and softness; her practical musical intelligence, he wrote, was equal to that of any composer he had known. She was admired as an actress, particularly in the breeches roles she often sang." John Rosselli in Grove Music Online.. Folio. Light contemporary blue wrappers. 1f. (recto title, verso blank), [i] (blank), 23 pp. Engraved. Text in Italian. Includes four arias with texts beginning: 1) "Padre, perdona" 2) "In te spero, o sposo amato" 3) "Se tutti i mali miei" 4) "Or che salvo è l'idol mio" Wrappers worn, creased, and frayed; lower detached and lacking lower portion. Some internal soiling and minor wear to margins.

      [Bookseller: J & J Lubrano Music Antiquarians LLC]
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        The Genuine Works of Flavius Josephus, The Jewish Historian. In Four Volumes

      London: D. Browne, A. Millar, J. Whiston, B. White et al, 1755. New edition, corrected, 1775. Exceptionally attractive four volume set in smooth speckled leather with tan spine label, raised gilt ruled bands, red speckled edges, about 8.5" tall, frontis folding map in first volume as well as four additional folding plates. Light external rubbing, joints and text blocks firm, plate 3 detached but present, folding map has a closed tear that has been repaired with appropriate tape on the reverse blank side, two additional smaller closed tears where the map is connected to the text block, clean pages, no names or other markings.. Hard Cover. Very Good. 8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall.

      [Bookseller: Resource Books, LLC]
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        Gründliche Anweisung zu der Civil-Bau-Kunst. Erster Theil: In welchem nicht nur die Fünff Säulen-Ordnungen, nebst zweyen von der Toscana, Dorica und Jonica abstammenden Compositis enthalten, sondern auch Anweisung gegeben wird, wie diese sämtliche Ordnungen, nach der neuen Bau-Art aufzureissen, bey einfachen sowohl, als gekuppelten Säulen zu gebrauchen, und auf verschiedene Zwischenweiten anzuwenden sind. Zweyter Theil: In welchem die sämtlichen Säulen-Ordnungen des Ersten Theils, mit Gebaelcken ohne Zahnschnitte, Dielen und Sparren-Koepfen, sowohl als mit Corniches architravées, oder Achrichtravirten (sic) Gebaelcken, mit und ohne Consolen, nach der neuen Bau-Art eingerichtet, enthalten, und eine allgemeine Regel angegeben wird, auch Anweisung geschiehet, wie die übrigen Zwischenweiten einzurichten sind.

      Dreßden u. a., Goellische Buchhandlung, 1755-1768. 32 S. + Tafeln. Priv. Pp. der Zeit. Stockfleckig, Ebd. berieben, Tafeln 13 und 16 lose. - Die 19 Tafeln zeigen in kräftigen Kupfern die verschiedenen Säulenordnungen und deren Berechnungen. Versand D: 7,00 EUR Architektur

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Weinek]
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        Four Songs in the Opera Call'd Il Demofonte Sung by Sig.ra Mingotti Price 2s: 6d. [Full score]

      To be had at Sig.r De Giardini's Lodgings. At Mr. Cox's Music Shop. and at Mr. Smith's Music Shop, [London] 1755 - Folio. Light contemporary blue wrappers. 1f. (recto title, verso blank), [i] (blank), 23 pp. Engraved. Text in Italian.Includes four arias with texts beginning: 1) "Padre, perdona" 2) "In te spero, o sposo amato" 3) "Se tutti i mali miei"4) "Or che salvo è l'idol mio"Wrappers worn, creased, and frayed; lower detached and lacking lower portion. Some internal soiling and minor wear to margins. Very scarce. Worldcat (3 copies only, at Harvard, Cornell, and the Newberry). OCLC nos. 23856520, 80051316. RISM J586 (attributed to Niccolò Jommelli) and RISM H2248, HH 2248 (4 copies only, only one of which in the US, at Cornell, attributed to Hasse, Mingotti's name not mentioned). Not in BUC. Ward English catalogue 145.Hasse's Demofoonte, to a libretto by Pietro Metastasio, was first performed at the Hoftheater in Dresden on February 9, 1748."Two of the published arias for Dircea (Mingotti) are from Dresden operas by Hasse, "Or che salvo" from his second Arminio (1745) and "Padre, perdona" form his first Demofoonte (1748) in which Mingotti had created the role of Creusa. I have been unable to trace the three other arias in the prints - all on Demofoonte texts - including "Se tutti i mali miei," which Burney wrongly identifies as being from Hasse's 1748 setting. Possibly they belong to Galuppi's 1749 setting for Madrid, which Mingotti might have known from her engagement there from 1751 to 1753. Apparently no score of Galuppi's opera is preserved." John H. Roberts in Opera and the Enlightenment, ed. Thomas Bauman, p. 169.Regina Mingotti (1722-1808), a German singer of Italian birth, sang in Dresden, Naples, Prague, Madrid (1751-3), Paris and London (1754-5); "in the 1756-7 and 1763-4 London seasons she took over the management of the King's Theatre together with the leader of the orchestra, Felice Giardini, and incurred much obloquy. Burney called her 'perfect mistress of her art', 'always grand' in her style though lacking in grace and softness; her practical musical intelligence, he wrote, was equal to that of any composer he had known. She was admired as an actress, particularly in the breeches roles she often sang." John Rosselli in Grove Music Online. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: J & J LUBRANO MUSIC ANTIQUARIANS LLC]
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        si appresenta in questa Machina un Ponte Trionfale nel cui ornato si riportano i più preziosi avanzi dell'antichità

      1755 - Acquaforte e bulino, 1755. Da un soggetto di Paolo Posi. Bella prova, impressa su carta vergata coeva, con margini, qualche piega di carta, piccoli strappi restaurati nei magini bianchi, per il resto in ottimo stato di conservazione. Le macchine del fuoco per la festa della Chinea Chinea in senso letterale, era la mula bianca (o il cavallo ambiatore delle Asturie) che i Re di Spagna presentavano annualmente al papa in forma solenne per il pagamento del censo per il Regno di Napoli. Il cavallo, convenientemente ammaestrato, s'inginocchiava davanti al pontefice e gli offriva la somma di danaro contenuta in un vaso d'argento fissato alla sella. L'offerta era preceduta da una solenne cavalcata della durata di due ore e mezza, lungo un itinerario preciso. Per rendere più solenne la cerimonia, con decreto del 12 maggio 1691 di Carlo II, si obbligavano i "grandi" di Spagna a partecipare al solenne corteo, al quale seguivano per due sere spari di macchine pirotecniche accompagnati da esecuzioni musicali, balli e rinfreschi. La chinea, per la sua regolarità, non era soltanto la festa estiva per eccellenza, ma il migliore biglietto da visita della monarchia spagnola (poi di quella napoletana) nella città eterna, l'arma propagandistica più convincente per guadagnare un consenso universale e l'appoggio politico delle altre potenze. Le celebrazioni erano fastosissime, malgrado i problemi politici della nazione, ed il consueto ritardo nell'invio del danaro per il loro svolgimento. In occasione della festa, palazzo di Spagna e, successivamente, palazzo Colonna e palazzo Farnese, diventavano per due mesi all'anno l'atelier di inventori, pittori, disegnatori e architetti di macchine, nonché il momento di aggregazione di artificieri, fuocaroli, musicisti, fornitori e cuochi. Questi palazzi, inoltre, diventavano, per due giorni all'anno, sede dell'ambasciata straordinaria, luogo dal quale partiva la cavalcata e davanti al quale si innalzavano le « stupefacenti » macchine per i fuochi d'artificio, dove si disponevano le luminarie tenute accese le sere della vigilia e il giorno della festività dei santi Pietro e Paolo. Risale agli inizi del Settecento la consuetudine di allestire, il 28 e 29 giugno, due sontuose macchine in piazza santissimi Apostoli (più raramente in piazza Farnese), di cui conosciamo le caratteristiche grazie alle minuziose incisioni, accompagnate da esaurienti didascalie, che vennero stampate annualmente dal 1723. Monopolizzarono la costruzione e progettazione delle macchine di questo periodo Paolo Posi, architetto camerale della Repubblica di Venezia e di casa Colonna, in collaborazione con il suo allievo, l'architetto camerale Giuseppe Palazzi, e con l'incisore Giuseppe Vasi. Posi, ultimo epigono del barocco, celebrava Ferdinando negli apparati come appassionato archeologo, e come l'entusiasta monarca favorevole al trasporto in piazza di elementi popolari sulla platea d'un sontuoso edificio destinato al divertimento pubblico. Più che mai per tali apparati, ove l'incisore lavorò su disegni altrui, come d'altronde per spettacolari cortei o cavalcate cittadine, il Vasi è prezioso testimone ed interprete del suo tempo. Etching, printed on contemporary laid paper, small tear perfectly repaired, otherwise in good condition The engravings have been laid on canvas and framed; after a long work to repair them, they now look almost perfect. Signs of glue on verso, on recto signs of abrasions and oxidations. Chinea literally means white female mule, the one the Kings of Spain offered every year to the Pope as a solemn payment of the income of the Kingdome of Naples. The horse, duly trained, knelt in front of the Pope and to offer him a silver vase with money inside, that was fastened to its saddle. The offer was preceded by a solemn ride of two and a half hours, a long and precise itinerary. To make it even more solemn, as per Charles II decree of the 12 of May 1691, the Greats of Spain were obliged to take part to the cortege, which wa

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        Ah quel conte! Conte politique et astronomique

      New edition Binding in full brown contemporary brown. Back with nerves adorned with nets. Title piece in red morocco. Lack of tail. Title piece rubbed and scratched, erasing the letters ONT of Conte. Fresh paper. Chez Les frères Vasse A Bruxelles 1755 In-12 (10x16cm) (4) 75pp. ; 76pp. ; 67pp. ; 68pp. ; (4) 70pp. ; 60pp. ; 82pp. ; (4) 104pp. relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
 34.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        Relazione di Gio. Rondinelli sopra lo stato antico e moderno della città di Arezzo al sereniss. granduca Francesco I l'anno MDLXXXIII. Illustrata con note, e corredata con l'aggiunta di due racconti del 1502 e del 1530, spettanti alla medesima città.

      - In Arezzo, per Michele Bellotti stampatore vescov., 1755, in-8 grande, cartonatura rustica coeva, titolo manoscritto al dorso, pp. 248. Contiene anche: a c. G7r "Racconto di messer Arcangelo Visdomini dei fatti della citta di Arezzo dell'anno MDII"; a c. N8r "Racconto d'anonimo autore dei fatti della citta di Arezzo dell'anno 1529 e 1530". Ex-libris calcografico di Giuseppe Pelli [Bencivenni?, direttore degli Uffizi dal 1775 al 1793] sul contropiatto anteriore e alcune note manoscritte nl XVIII secolo, probabilmente dello stesso Pelli sul frontespizio e al margine bianco di diverse carte. Ottimo esemplare, a pieni margini. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Oreste Gozzini snc]
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        An Essay towards a Natural History of the Corallines

      London: Printed for the Author, 1755. xvii, (10), 103, (1), frontispiece + 42 engraved plates (19 folding). . HB. 4to, cont. full calf, corners worn, rebacked, with matching leather spine, raised bands. Some light foxing. Vg copy.. 1st edition. Most copies have a frontispiece, plates 1-37 and an unnumbered plate of Cuff's Microscope. This copy also has plates 38 + 39 (issued later and usually lacking, especially plate 39), an unnumbered plate of Barnacles and plate 14 from Ellis's paper in Phil. Trans. vol. 49.The first work to state the animal nature of corals, which had previously been regarded as marine plants. Although unsigned, some of the plates are after drawings by Ehret[Freeman, 1131; Nissen ZBI, 1281].

      [Bookseller: Pemberley Natural History Books]
 36.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        The Natural History of Norway:

      Containing, A particular and accurate Account of the Temperature of the Air, the different Soils, Waters, Vegetables, Metals, Minerals, Stones, Beasts, Birds, and Fishes; together with the Dispositions, Customs, and Manner of Living of the Inhabitants: Interspersed with Physiological Notes from eminent Writers, and Transactions of Academies. In two Parts. Translated from the Danish original. London: A. Linde 1755. With a large folding map and 28 engraved plates showing people, views etc. Folio. XXIII + [1] + 206; VII + [1] + 291 + [1] + [12] s.+ N. HORREBOW: The Natural Histori of Iceland: Containing a particular and accurate account of the different soils, burning mountains, minerals, vegetables, metals, stones, beasts, birds, and fishes; together with the disposition, customs, and manner of living of the inhabitants. Interspersed with an account of the island, by Mr. Anderson,... To which is added, a meteorological table. Translated from the Danish original of Mr. N. Horrebow. And illustrated with a New General Map of the Island. London: Linde 1758. With large folded engraved map. Folio. XX + 208 pp. Very well-preserved copy with wide margins and marbled edges bound in one nice contemporary full leatherbinding richly gilt on spine and with ornamental border on boards and edges.

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosells Antikvariat]
 37.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        Code de la Nature, ou le véritable Esprit de ses Loix, de tous tems négligé ou méconnu.

      Par-tout, Chez le vrai sage 1755 - In-12 de 236-(4) pp., veau havane, dos orné à nerfs, pièce de titre en maroquin rouge, tranches rouges (reliure de l'époque). Edition originale. Oeuvre maîtresse de la pensée utopique du XVIIIe siècle ; le Code de la Nature est la justification et l'apologie de l'utopie sociale proposée, sous une forme romanesque et poétique, dans la Basiliade. Titre imprimé en rouge et noir ; vignette gravée par Rack sur la page de titre. Très bon exemplaire. Hartig & Soboul, 55 ; Ruyer, 199 ; Lichtenberger, 108 ; Versins, 602 ; Kress, 5457 ; Goldsmiths, 9074 ; Einaudi, 4031. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Bonnefoi Livres Anciens]
 38.   Check availability:     IberLibro     Link/Print  


        Discours sur l'origine et les fondemens de l'inegalitÈ parmi les hommes

      First Edition of Rousseau's Early Work on EqualityROUSSEAU, Jean[-]Ja[c]ques. Discours sur l'origine et les fondemens de l'inegalitÈ parmi les hommes. Amsterdam: Chez Marc Michel Rey, 1755.First (original) edition, distinguishable from the counterfeit editions by the signatures on frontispiece and the spelling, "Jaques," on p. lii. Small octavo (8 x 5 inches; 202 x 127 mm). lxx, [2], 262, [2, errata] pp. Title-page printed in red and black. Copper-engraved frontispiece, signed by D[ominique] Sornique after C[harles Dominique Joseph] Eisen, engraved vignette on title and head-piece on dedication page by Fokke.Nineteenth-century mottled calf, covers double-ruled in blind. Board edges ruled in gilt. Spine ruled and decoratively tooled in gilt in compartments. Red morocco spine label lettered in gilt. Marbled endpapers. All edges red. Previous owner's bookplate on front pastedown. Binding a bit tight. Internally very clean. Overall a very good copy.One of Rousseau's earlier works, the Discourse is a critique of conventional and social relations and a strong defense of the individual. With its emphasis on the equality of all, it foreshadows his later work, the Contrat Social, which became the bible of the French Revolution.The frontispiece depicts a group of "civilized" men contemplating a man in Rousseau's state of nature, the state of complete equality which was lost with the introduction of the trappings of civilization, such as industry, agriculture, and property.Tchemerzine X, 32. Kress 5470. BM 22:25 (219). Norman 1850. Goldsmith 9064.HBS 67840.$2,850

      [Bookseller: Heritage Book Shop, LLC ]
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        Der Neu-eröffneten Guldenen Kunst-Pforte, zu Allerhand raren Curiositäten. Künst- und Wissenschaften. Anderer Theil, dem Frauen-Zimmer, vielen Künstlern und Handwerkern, auch sonsten fast jedermann,...

       Nürnberg, Weber 1755. 7 Bll., 712 S., 16 Bll. (Register). Mit gest. Frontisp. Pbd. d. Zt. m. Rückensch.vgl. ADB XV, 80 f. - Enthält Angaben u. Rezepte für Pulvermacher, Feuerwerkskörper, Firnis, Farben, Leder für Handschuhe zu färben, Gold- und Silber-Arbeiten, Schieß-Künsten, Wünsch-Ruthe, Wein und Getränck-Künsten, Bier-Künsten, Seifensieden, Flecken aus Kleidern zu bringen, Seiden-Wurm, Maulwurff, Kräutern Blumen Feldgarten Baum-Künsten, Küchen-Gewächse, Baum-Künste, Mangeln Gebrechen Schäden und Kranckheiten der Bäume, Blumen-Künste... Versand D: 4,00 EUR Naturwissenschaften, Land- und Forstwirtschaft

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Burgverlag]
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        Partie Orientale de la Nouvelle France ou du Canada

      1755. Decorativa ed interessante carta geografica del Canada disegnata dal Bellin ed edita nel 1755 dagli Eredi Homan. Coloritura d'epoca. Antico restauro al margine inferiore e piega centrale appena accennata

      [Bookseller: Libreria Trippini Sergio]
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        Mistaken Act of Piracy During Anglo-Spanish War of Jenkins Ear - Concerning A Neutral French Ship with Cocoa Cargo Plundered by British Man-of-War

      St. Jago de la Vega [Spanish Town], Jamaica, 16 January 1755. Substantial manuscript court document prepared for a trial held at the High Court of Chancery concerning a French ship named Santa Rosa and the profits from the sale her cargo of cocoa, all of which was erroneously mistaken for a Spanish enemy vessel in 1742 during the War of Jenkins' Ear, captured by British Commander John Draper and his schooner HMS Adventure, confiscated and sold by British authorities. Herein the French are laying claim for due compensation of their financial losses. Signed in the original by Jamaica's Governor Charles Knowles, and by Robert Pringle, a plantation owner serving as court registrar. Complete with an extremely scarce large wax seal, being the double-sided Great Seal of Jamaica from the time of George II, the last Hanoverian British monarchy. Seal measures approximately 10 cm in diameter, Folio. 57 pages in a fine hand, string-tied in simple paper wrappers. Laid paper, measuring approximately 27 x 23 cm, watermarked with initials CR and a crest with powder horn. A very rare survivor of eighteenth century West Indies privateering. Provenance: Phillipps Manuscript Collection (item number 36094 uncatalogued). A miscalculated incident of piracy and its consequences are transcribed by the High Court of Jamaica in these original eighteenth century manuscript trial documents, with which is the exceedingly scarce original Great Seal of Jamaica that was appended to the document by Governor Knowles. In this ongoing case, the Kingdom of France, a neutral party not involved in the war between Spain and England, sought redress for the confiscation and disposal of one of their West Indies trade vessels and valuable cargo, from the British Admiralty who captured and condemned the ship believing it to be from Spain. Seemingly not recorded elsewhere, this scenario illustrates just how fervidly the colonial trading nations protected their sea trade routes. The French vessel La Santa Rosa was captured by the British in 1742, at the height of the War of Jenkins' Ear, a conflict between Britain and Spain for trading opportunities in the Caribbean. When war broke out in 1739, both Britain and Spain expected that France would join the war on the Spanish side. There was heavy privateering on both sides, hundreds of vessels being captured, and the Spanish convoys proving almost unstoppable. It stands to reason, then, that when a vessel was captured, the prize was immediately sold for profit which presumably funded the war. This manuscript begins by recording the previous claims made in St. Jago de la Vega [Spanish Town] at the British Court of Admiralty, from 1751 to 1754, including the initial "Bill" or charges filed, followed by several answers by both plaintiff and defendant, and a verdict for payment to the French. Interesting to note, the nine-year delay from the time of the ship's capture (1742) to the initial claim (1751) shows how long it took for overseas communication, and therefore how long it could take to solve such a question as a missing vessel. At first, the French were simply seeking the return of their ship, with its arms and ammunition, and furniture, as well as compensation for the loss of the cargo of cocoa. A statement made herein suggests that a French merchant of Bordeaux, Francis Anthony Percarrere, attempted to make a reasonable offer for quick settlement. William Foster, a wealthy English merchant representing his crown, however, clearly did not agree to the terms. As the trial continued, it became a tedious fragmented financial debate of monies owed to the French for the cocoa, duty payable to authorities for the sale of said cocoa, monies lost by merchants, and the like. During the process, before November 1953, Percarrere passed away, leaving his estate and this claim in the trust hands of a Mr. Augustin Dupony. Not once denying the mistake, the British rebuttal consisted of a detailed tally of costs incurred by them in the process of selling, including paying slaves to unload the vessel and to make bags, storage fees, commissions, instalments already submitted to the French Mr. Dupony, adjustments for goods spoiled at sea, and so forth, to arrive at a balance he deems to be fair. This document was prepared by Scottish plantation owner Robert Pringle, whose signature and seal are present, and who was appointed Registrar of the High Court of Jamaica by Royal Navy Admiral and Governor of Jamaica Sir Charles Knowles (1704-1777) who endorses and signs the same. Although not standing alone, the principle claimant is a French merchant named Francis Anthony Pecerrere [François Antoine Pécarrère], formerly of Bordeaux, who is suing a Jamaican merchant William Foster for his losses, the latter having been selected to sell the ship, its assets and cargo, at least in part as a reward to Captain John Draper who made the erroneous capture. A complex court trial spanning four (4) years, involving two British governors of Jamaica, and being elevated to the High Court of Jamaica, the matters of recompense evidently remained unsettled after the verdict decreed herein, with another appeal being petitioned and granted on the final leaf. Proceedings took place at the Court of Admiralty Sessions which held hearings of criminal offences committed on the high seas, and also at the Court of Vice Admiralty which tried offences against the Customs and Revenue Laws, as well as adjudicating on vessels found engaged in the slave trade. With so little documentation available from this era, the final outcome may forever remain a mystery. Excerpts from the manuscript: "Jamaica. I, Charles Knowles Esquire, Captain General Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the Island of Jamaica... Admiral of the Same... Do Hereby Certify... that Robert Pringle Esquire, Who hath Signed and Attested the Certificate... is Register of the High Court of Chancery... Duly Admitted and Sworn... Have Sett my Own Hand and Caused the Broad Seal of this Island Aforesaid to be Appended to these Presents at St Jago Dela Vega... sixteenth day of January in the Year of our Lord One Thousand and Seven Hundred and Fifty Five... [16 January 1755]" "Jamaica. Robert Pringle Esquire Register of the High Court of Chancery for the Island aforesaid Duly Admitted and Sworn Do hereby Certify.... that the several sheets of paper hereunto annexed... Contain True Copies of the Bill Answers and other Proceedings Commenced had and prosecuted in the said court... Wherein Francis Anthony Pecarrere and others are the Complainants & William Foster of the Parish of Kingston... merchant... and others are the Defendants" "Jamaica... Bill Filed 8th October 1751... to His Excellency Edward Trelawny, Esq,. Captain General Governor of Commander in Chief of Jamaica and other territories... Pecarrere & al Cont [vs] Foster Wm & al. "Humbly Complaining Theneth unto your Excellency the Orators [plaintiffs] Francis Anthony Pecarrere Late of the City of Bordeaux in the Kingdom of France Merchant now residing at Kingston in the Island of Jamaica Aforesaid and Alexander MacFarlane of the Parish of Kingston Aforesaid Merchant, that the Schooner or Vessel Sta Rosa was on or about the first day of September... One Thousand Seven Hundred And Forty Two [1 September 1742] Seized on the High Seas by His Majesty's Ship of Warr the Adventure John Draper Esqr Commander and was by Him on Suspicion of the said Schooner being the property of the King of Spain or Some of his Subjects who then Waged Warr with His Britannick Majesty Carried into the Harbour of Port Royal in this Island... that at a High Court held at St Jago de la Vega... Exhibited a Libel for the Said Schooner Sta Rosa & Her cargo Humbly praying that she with her Guns Tackle Furniture Ammunition and Apparel and All the Goods Wares and Merchandizes in her Taken and Seized might be forfeited & confiscated to the use of the Said John Draper Esquire... Augustine Dupony Super Cargoe [supercargo] of the said Schooner Sta. Rosa had Liberty to put in a Claim... ... said orator Francis Anthony Percarrere offered the said William Foster a Considerable Discount if he would but pay him immediately rather than go to Law & that he might Depart for his home from this island where he has been Detained so long at a Great Expense having no manner of Business... since his arrival in this island which is now Two Years... that the Said William Foster and Robert Foster Combining and Confederating and with Diverse persons... to charge them the said Confederators..." "Answer Filed 25th March 1752. Schedule A. George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain... Island of Jamaica... To Dally Pepe Esquire Register of Our Court of Vice Admiralty for the Island... Appointed... Robert Turner and Peter Turnell... to Appraise Any Goods Wares Merchandize... Taken and Seized by John Draper Commander of Our Ship of Warr Called the Adventurer... 45 Casks of Cocoa... 40 Serroons of Cocoa... Baggs of Cocoa... [Summary:] 111,401 of Cocoa £5574, 460 Hydes £201, 209 D. Dloons £1372... " "Masters Report filed 29th January 1754... Schedule A... Sales of Cocoa by the Schooner La Santa Rosa Rec'd Mr. Augustin Dupony..." "Account of the Several Sums of Money paid said out and Disbursed by William Foster for Duties, Negroes, Hire Storage, Materials Found, Work Done and other Charges Attending the Sale of Cocoa Imported in the Schooner La Santa Rosa on Account of Augustin Dupony..." "Jamaica... Affidavit Filed Friday 7th May 1754. Dupony Admor vs Foster et al. - William Foster one of the Defendants in the Above Cause maketh oath that the vessel with the Goods and Merchandizes... having been seized and Brought into this Island In the time of the Late Warr Against Spain the Same was Libelled in the Court of Vice Admiralty And upon Tryal Sentenced was Given by the Court for ye Claimants Against the Captain for which Sentence there was an Appeal whereupon the said Goods were Valued And Security was Given to Make Good in Case the Sentence then be Reversed. But in the meantime as Great part of the said Goods were [perished?]. Application was made to this Late Excellency the then Governor of this Island for an Order to Land And Sole the Land... Order was attained and this Deponent Gave to Mr. Crymble the then Reverend General... never demanded the Dutys... upon the said Sentence being Affirmed this Deponent Charged the Said Claimants with the Amount of the Said Dutys... Credited them with the amount of the Sales of the Said Goods that Mr. Crymble had Bought... As for Outstanding Debt & the Amount of the Said Goods Sold to the Said Mr. Crymble deducted out of the Ballance Remaining in this Deponents Hands." "At High Court of Chancery held at the Town of Kingston On Wednesday the 16th Day day of October 1754. This Cause this day Coming on to board for a final Decree... a judge and decree that the Deftd [defendant] William Foster do on or before Wednesday the thirtieth day of October instant pay into the Hands of the Register of this Honourable Court the Sum of One Thousand Seven Hundred & forty three pounds Two Shillings and nine pence current money of Jamaica being the interest proportion to eb due on the sum of Six Thousand Sixty.... From Which Decree Mr. Gordon of Counsel for the Defendant William Foster prayed an Appeal... " "vera copa extr. Ro: Pringle Reg. Canc. [Robert Pringle]" Affixed to this document, as stated on the first leaf by Governor Knowles along with his signature, is an extremely rare wax seal - an Original Great Seal of Jamaica. Dating to the last Hanoverian British monarch George II, the obverse imagery on this seal is highly representative of the period and of Britain's pursuit for dominance in West Indies trade. With the Arms of Jamaica being a secondary depiction to the upper right corner, the scene depicts a slave kneeling before the king's administrator in token of his submission, and presenting him with a basket of large cacao pods. To the reverse of the seal is the Great Seal of the Realm, Britain's Royal Coat of Arms, with this part of the text still legible, "GEORGIUS II D G MAG BRI FRA I HIB." The image consists of the Royal shield bordered by a garter which is topped by the Imperial crown, the English lion supporting the garter from the left, and the Scottish unicorn supporting the right. [The initials on the circumference of the coat of arms of George II, stand for the following Latin words: "Georgius II., Dei Gratia Magna Britannia, Francia et Hibernia Rex, Fidei Defensor, Brunsvici et Luneburgi Dux, Sacri Romani Imperii Archi-Thesaurarius et Elector," meaning, "George II., by the Grace of God King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg, High-Treasurer and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire." The lion and the unicorn with the crown of Great Britain are the coat of arms of the kingdom, and the quarterings on the shield represented the different titles of George II.] An exceedingly scarce example, perhaps the only known surviving specimen of the Great Seal of Jamaica, made of a dark coloured wax with paper pressed upon it, embedded within it as a tassel is the same pink ribbon which holds together the documents. Some of the parties involved in this trial: Robert Pringle (1719-1775), at the time the Register (Registrar) of the High Court of Chancery for the Island of Jamaica, prepared and signed this document. He was a Scottish physician who went to Jamaica and became a planter, and also evidently served in the judicial system in Kingston. He died in Philadelphia 12 October 1775. He was the son of John Pringle, Lord of Haining and Alemore (c.1674-1754) a lawyer, politician, and judge. Sir Charles Knowles, 1st Baronet (c.1704-1777), who appointed Pringle to his post in the High Court, was a high-ranking officer of the Royal Navy, commander in chief of the Jamaica Station, and at the time of signing this document was the Governor of Jamaica. He saw service during the War of Jenkins' Ear, the wider War of the Austrian Succession, and the Seven Years' War. His naval career was mainly centred on the West Indies, where he commanded ships and squadrons in actions against both Spanish and French ships and settlements. Between 1743 and 1745 he captured a large number of prizes, with his success leading to a letter addressed to him and signed by 63 of the principal figures in Jamaica. From 1746-1748 he served as Governor of Louisbourg in Atlantic Canada. During this period, on 15 July 1747, he was also promoted to rear-admiral of the white and appointed as commander in chief on the Jamaica Station. In 1752 he was appointed Governor of Jamaica. Over his four-year period as governor he took steps to reform the legal system, and also moved the administrative capital from Spanish Town to Kingston, arguing that the latter was more defensible. His attempts to ensure the subordination of the Jamaican assembly to the British government led to calls for his removal as governor, but his policies were subsequently upheld by the British government. Knowles resigned the governorship in January 1756 and returned to England. Edward Trelawny (1699-1754) who was Governor of Jamaica when this trial first began in 1751, and mentioned in the document, held the post from April 1738 to September 1752, being succeeded by Knowles. He is best remembered for establishing a peace agreement, supported by the English settlers, which officially freed the Maroons from the white planters and provided them with land. He also fought in the War of Jenkins' Ear. The principle defendants are William Foster (1722-1768), and Robert Foster, who had the privilege of handling the sale of the prize vessel and her cargo, and the unfortunate burden of reprimand owing to the mistake of another. In 1754 William Foster owned land in the parishes of St. Elizabeth and Westmoreland, Jamaica, having grown up on his father's estate in Elim, at the eastern extremity of St Elizabeth Parish and inherited the same. He died 31 October 1768 in Bedford, Jamaica. His son John Foster (1767-1831) was a magistrate in both England and Jamaica. His father was Colonel John Foster (1681-1731) who served as Member of Assembly for St. Elizabeth in 1722 and 1731. Their ancestor, Captain Thomas Foster, of Northumberland, was concerned in the capture of Jamaica, and had large grants of land allotted to him in the island. The principle plaintiff is a French merchant from Bordeaux named Francis Anthony Pecerrere[François Antoine Pécarrère], whom evidently had a sizeable investment in the confiscated cargo, and perhaps in the schooner itself. He made a voyage overseas to Jamaica to resolve this matter in person, but was detained for two years or more. Alexander MacFarlane (ca.1703 - 1755), the second plaintiff names, was a Scottish a merchant who settled in Kingston, Jamaica, where he acquired a considerable fortune as a planter, and where he became a notable civil servant, as member of the legislative assembly, as magistrate (His Honour Judge MacFarlane), and on 4 November 1735 becoming Postmaster General of Jamaica. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and one of the best mathematicians of the day. In his will he left his Jamaica plantation 'Large Island' to his brothers, his valuable collection of astronomical instruments to his alma mater, the University of Glasgow. In his memory the University named their new observatory after him. He died unmarried. Little is known of Captain John Draper, who died in the West Indies 17 July 1743, and who captured the French schooner La Santa Rosa, mistaking her for a Spanish vessel. [Possibly the same ship, later commanded by a different Captain, an HMS Adventure of the Royal Marines, was captured by a French privateer in 1756.] War of Jenkins' Ear (1739-1748) was largely a result of Spanish and British disagreements over the actions of Spanish guarda costas and British illicit trade in the Caribbean. It represented the first time that Spain and Britain went to war primarily over their respective positions in the Caribbean. The seeds of conflict began with the separation of an ear from Jenkins following the boarding of his vessel by Spanish coast guards in 1731, eight years before the war began. Popular response to the incident was tepid until several years later when opposition politicians and the British South Sea Company hoped to spur outrage against Spain, believing that a victorious war would improve Britain's trading opportunities in the Caribbean. Also ostensibly providing the impetus to war against the Spanish Empire was a desire to pressure the Spanish not to renege on the lucrative asiento contract, which gave British slavers permission to sell slaves in Spanish America. When war broke out in 1739, both Britain and Spain expected that France would join the war on the Spanish side, playing a large role in the tactical calculations of the British, although France remained uninvolved. The war resulted in heavy British casualties in North America. The war involved privateering by both sides. Anson captured a valuable Manila galleon, but this was more than offset by the numerous Spanish privateering attacks on British shipping along the transatlantic triangular trade route. They seized hundreds of British ships, looting their goods and slaves, and operated with virtual impunity in the West Indies; they were also active in European waters. The Spanish convoys proved almost unstoppable. During the Austrian phase of the war, the British fleet attacked poorly protected French merchantmen instead. Founded in 1534, Spanish town was originally named "Villa de la Vega" meaning Town on the Plain. The name was subsequently changed to "Santiago de la Vega" (St. James on the Plain) and then "St. Jago de la Vega". Following a massive attack on Jamaica on 10 May 1655, the town fell in to the hands of the British, and remained under their control. England gained formal possession of Jamaica from Spain in 1670 through the Treaty of Madrid, and kept St. Jago de la Vega as the capital until 1872. Conquered from the Spanish in 1655, Jamaica was by far the largest British colony in the West Indies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and the most valuable of the American colonies. By 1662, there were 4000 colonists on the island, including exiled felons as well as impoverished Scots and Welshmen, who arrived as indentured laborers. Settlement hastened as profits began to accrue from cocoa, coffee and sugarcane production. The Age of Sail was a period roughly corresponding to the early modern period in which international trade and naval warfare were dominated by sailing ships, lasting from the 16th to the mid-19th century. This is a significant period during which square-rigged sailing ships carried European settlers to many parts of the world in one of the most expansive human migrations in recorded history. The age of sail runs roughly from the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, the last significant engagement in which oar-propelled galleys played a major role, to the Battle of Hampton Roads in 1862. During the Age of Sail from the 16th to the mid-19th century the supercargo (from the Spanish sobrecargo) was the second most important person aboard a merchant ship after the captain. A supercargo is a person employed on board a vessel by the owner of cargo carried on the ship. The duties of a supercargo are defined by admiralty law and include managing the cargo owner's trade, selling the merchandise in ports to which the vessel is sailing, and buying and receiving goods to be carried on the return voyage.

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