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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1657

        (Map of Java/Borneo/Sumatra): Insulae Iavae Cum parte insularum Borneo Svmatrae et circumjacentium insularum novissima delineatio

      Jansson, c. 1657. Near-fine nicely colored (later) map with striking cartouche. Minor marginal soiling, no tears, 2 scales (Milliaria Germanica Communia and Milliaria Gallica Communia). Jansson was the son-in-law of Jodocus Hondius, and eventually managed their firm. Jansson eventually published an 11 volume Atlas Major (many of his maps were similar to, and prpbably copied from Blaeu's-- see Moreland & Bannister's ANTIQUE MAPS, 1989 edition). A beautiful map, 41.5x50.5cm..

      [Bookseller: The Prime Meridian: Antique Maps & Books]
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        Nordovicum

      Amsterdam, c. 1657. Map. Copper engraving, 29 x 41.5 cms, recent hand-colour, blank verso. Norwich, from the series of town plans engraved by Janssonius after those in Braun and Hogenberg’s ‘Civitates Orbis Terrarum’.

      [Bookseller: Tim Bryars Ltd]
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        The REPORTS Of SR. GEORGE CROKE KNIGHT; Late, one of the Justices of the Court of KINGS - BENCH; And formerly, one of the Justices of the Court of COMMON - BENCH, of Such Select Cases as were adjudged in the Said Courts, the time that he was Judge in either of them: Collected and written in French by Himself; Revised and Published in English by Sire Harebotle Grimston Baronet, One of the Benchers of the Honourable Society of Lincolns - Inn

      London:: Printed by R. Hodgkinsonne, and are to be sold by William Leak, by Thomas Firby,. 1657.. Folio: ¹2 a - b4 c2 A - 4P4. 11-1/2" x 7-1/8". 1st edition (Wing C-7014A). [24], 669, [3] pp.. Period full calf with modern respining to style.. Some wear to binding tips. Extenisve contemporary marginalia. A VG+. copy.. Fairly uncommon legal title in first edition... only one copy at auction these last 30 years. . Frontis. Head- tailpieces. Decorative initial capital letters. Copperplate printer's device to foot of 4P3

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA]
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        LA BIBLE QUI EST TOUTE LA SAINCTE ESCRITURE DU VIEIL & DU NOUVEAU TESTAMENT AUTREMENT L';ANCIENNE & LA NOUVELLE ALLIANCE

      Geneve: Pierre Chouet, 1657. Hard Cover. Good binding. Illustrated edition of Calvin';s Bible. Many text vignettes. The Psalms in this edition are the celebrated translation into rimed French by Theodore Beza and Clement Marot. Geneva Bible rebound in maroon cloth. Engraved title page has loss at the bottom edge, and a piece of table. Quite light pink stain (no doubt from the maroon cloth binding). Title page has tape repair. Entire text block has stain to bottom several inches. Several leaves (especially at rear of book) have loss. Digital images can be provided if requested. Good binding.

      [Bookseller: Black Swan Books, Inc.]
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        PROVINCIALS ou les Lettres Escrites par Louis De Montalte, a un Provincial de Ses Amis & aux RR. PP. Jesuites: : sur le Sujet de la Morale, & de la Politique de ces Pères

      Cologne [Amsterdam]: Pierre de la Valle'e [Elzevier], 1657. First duodecimo edition and First Elzevier edition, same year as the first complete 4to edition printed in Paris. This is the first and uncorrected state of two nearly identical issues. 12mo, beautifully bound in regal 18th century full red morocco, the covers framed by an elaborate decorative gilt rolled border surrounding a gilt coat of arms, the spine beautifully gilt tooled in compartments between fine gilt tooled bands, one compartment with a black morocco label gilt lettered and stippled, gilt turn-ins and board edges, marbled endpapers, a.e.g. Ex-Libris of the Chateau de Sampigny. [xxiv] 398, 111 pp. A fine and beautiful copy. FIRST ELZEVIER AND EXTREMELY EARLY PRINTING OF THIS MASTERPIECE OF THE MODERN FRENCH LANGUAGE. PMM 140. "The vividness and distinction of his style recalls the prose of Milton at its best". Elzevier’s was Pascal’s definitive version of the text. It was the first edition to gather the eighteen letters within continuous pagination, and has become the standard text for all successive editions. It also contains, attached at the end and paginated separately the 'Advis de Messieurs les Curez de Paris "The Lettres Provinciales, as they are called, are the first example of French prose as we know it today, perfectly finished in form, varied in style, and on a subject of universal importance... Pascal's weapon was irony, and the freshness with which the gravity of the subject contrasts with the lightness of the manner is an enduring triumph. The vividness of and distinction of his style recalls the prose of Milton at its best". (Printing and the Mind of Man).

      [Bookseller: Buddenbrooks, Inc.]
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        L'Amerique en plusieurs cartes, & en divers traittes de geographie, et d'histoire... ses empires, ses peuples, ses colonies, leurs moeurs, langues, religions, richesses, &c

      Paris: Chez l'autheur (sic), 1657. First Edition of this fine set of engraved maps depicting North, Central and South America, including the Caribbean Islands. Illustrated with 15 double-page engraved maps, all hand-coloured in outline. Small 4to., (246 x 178 mm), bound in old calf, recently repaired and rebacked in smooth brown calf, ocean blue leather spine labels. [84] pp. First Edition of this fine set of engraved maps depicting North, Central and South America, including the Caribbean Islands. The North American maps include Florida, Canada (a.k.a. "Nouvelle France"), and California (depicted as an island!). There are extremely detailed engraved maps of Mexico, Guatemala, Granada, Peru, Chile, Brazil, Paraguay, and other Central and South American regions, all hand-coloured in outline at the time of publication. The text relates much of the flora, fauna, and natural history of each, with an emphasis on natural resources available for export. "It is generally accepted that the great age of French cartography originated with the work of Nicolas Sanson" (Moreland & Bannister, Antique Maps, p. 128). Sanson (1600-1667) was one of the great French cartographers of the seventeenth century: he published about 300 maps, the first one when he was only eighteen years old. Following his move from Abbeville to Paris he was appointed "Geographe Ordinaire du Roi." The present volume on America is one of the four octavo volumes published by Sanson on the four continents. Tooley gives publication dates of the "America" volume as being "1656, 1657, 1662 and (1676)" although the first date is a ghost and is not substantiated by any known copies. Some annotations throughout, minor traces of damp or soiling. On the second blank leaf is a useful Table of Maps (in French) in MS. Provenance: "Ex libris Pet. Lemoyn [?] 1682" (early inscription on first blank) -- bookplate of Otto Orren Fisher.

      [Bookseller: Buddenbrooks, Inc.]
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        Astrea: A Romance

      - London -H. Moseley, T. Drink and H. Herringman, 1657 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. An extremely scarce copy ofthe first English publication of Honore D'Urfe's Astrea, generally considered the first classical French novel. 'Translated by a person of quality': attributed to John Davies, (16251693). Davies's fluency in French came from the years he spent in France during the interregnum. He earned his living by translating works from French, Spanish, and Latin. With a vignette title, head pieces and capitals. Volumes II and III of three volumes. Honor d'Urfe, marquis de Valromey, comte de Chateauneuf (February 11, 1568 June 1, 1625) was a French novelist and miscellaneous writer. He was born at Marseille, and was educated at the College de Tournon. A partisan of the League, he was taken prisoner in 1595, and, though soon set free, he was again captured and imprisoned. During his imprisonment he read Ronsard, Petrarch and above all the Diana of Jorge de Montemayor and Tasso's Aminta. It was in Savoy that he conceived the plan of his novel Astrea, the scene of which is laid on the banks of the Lignon in his native province of Forez. It is a leisurely romance in which the loves of Celadon and Astrea are told at immense length with many digressions. The recently discovered circumstances of the marriages of the brothers have disposed of the idea that the romance is autobiographical in its main idea, but some of the episodes are said to be but slightly veiled accounts of the adventures of Henry IV. The shepherds and shepherdesses of the story are of the usual type in pastorals, and they discourse of love with a casuistry and elaborate delicacy that are by no means rustic. The first part of Astrea appeared in 1607, the second in 1610, the third in 1619, and in 1627 the fourth part was edited. In 1628 a fifth was added by D'Urfe's secretary Balthazar Baro. Possibly the single most influential work of 17th century French literature, Astrea has been called the novel of novels, partly for its immense length but also for the success it had throughout Europe: it was translated into a great number of languages and read at every royal court. It set the fashion temporarily in romance narratives. Condition: Rebound in half morocco bindings with marbled boards. Externally sound although atriflerubbed and bumped. Internally, firmly bound. Remarkably bright and clean for the age of these books, with minimal age toning, slight dusting,and just the odd spot. Copperplate ink signatures of Eliza Jeffreyes, onedated 1660 to title pages. Overall: GOOD..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
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        Enchiridion, eller en liden haandbog/ indholdendis undervijszninger gudelige i beskuelsen/ i gierningen/ moralske i ethiske.

      Oeconomske. Politiske. Først skreffvet paa engelske/ aff den naffnkundig poët Franciscus Quarles oc fordansket aff Daniel Collins. Köpenhamn, 1657. 12:o. Grav. porträtt,(15,1 blank),246,(1) s. + ALAN, HANS JENSØN. Catena methodica Salomonis. Det er: Salomon adspreedt/ samblet aff hans ordsprocker/ prædicker/ oc høysang effter Joseph Hals methodum udi tre gudelige konster. [...] Til guds ære/ oc danske mands nytte. Köpenhamn, H. Søde, 1667. 12:o. (24),239,(1) s. Litet elegant lackat spegelbd från 1700-talets första hälft med upphöjda bind, rikt guldornerade rygg- och pärmdekorationer, blindpräglade pärmkanter och sprängda snitt. Inlagorna genomgående lager- och småfläckiga. Det andra arbetet hårt skuret med en del bokstavsförluster på sina håll. Några rostfläckar på s. 78-80 och en fuktrand i övre hörn på s. 139-56, liksom bläckfläckar från s. 233 till slutet och ett par revor i texten på s. 233-36 i andra arbetet. Med Bent Juel-Jensens exlibris.. Bibliotheca danica I:282 respektive 34. Originalet till det första arbetet, "Enchiridion containing institutions devine and moral" utkom första gången 1640, dedicerades till ärkebiskop Usshers dotter, Elisabeth, och innehöll 300 sentenser. Andra upplagan, som utkom året efter var tillägnad prins Karl, sedermera Karl II, och hade utökats med ytterligare 100. Skriftens popularitet var stor och upplagorna utkom i rask följd, den sista så sent som 1856. Den lilla traktaten är en samling aforismer, ordspråksmässigt formulerade levnadsregler, med religiöst, etiskt, politiskt och ekonomiskt innehåll utan någon bestämd plan eller indelning. Det andra arbetet bygger på den engelska biskopens Joseph Halls skrift "Salomons divine arts of 1. ethicks, 2. politicks, 3. oeconomicks, that is the government of 1. behaviour, 2. common-wealth, 3. familie", som utkom första gången 1609. Det är en handbok, innehållande moralsentenser och meditationer, tagna uteslutande ur "Ordspråksboken" och "Predikaren"

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Cosmographie In Four Books. Containing the Chorographie and Historie of the Whole World, And all the principal Kingdoms, Provinces, Seas, and Isles thereof ... The second Edition

      London: Printed for Henry Seile, 1657. Four parts in one, small folio bound in sixes. (13 1/2 x 8 5/8 inches). Additional title engraved by Robert Vaughan, 4 folding maps engraved by Vaughan (Europe), Goddard (Asia) or Trevethen (Africa and America). Contemporary calf, covers tooled in blind, spine with raised bands in six compartments, tooled in gilt on either side of each band, red morocco lettering piece in the second compartment (expert restoration to top and tail of spine). Second edition of Heylyn's influential work on world history and geography: the most noted 17th century work of its kind. The second edition of Heylyn's Cosmographie is noted for its final section which pokes fun at the satrical voyages and discoveries described in other similar works, but is in itself an early reference to Australia and the Great Southern Continent. The separate title to this section reads: An Appendix to the Former Work, Endeavouring a Discovery of the Unknown Parts of the World. Especially of Terra Australis Incognita, or the Southern Continent. First published in 1652, eight editions of the work appeared before 1700 attesting to its influence and importance. Wing H1690; Sabin 31655.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Pia desideria tribus libris

      Antuerpiae: Apud Lucam de Potter, [1657?]. 12mo (13.7 cm, 5.4"). Engr. t.-p., [10], 346, [2 (blank)] pp.; 45 plts. One of the most influential of the Dutch emblem books, with morals in a combination of Latin verse and prose written by Hugo to accompany the => 45 plates copper-engraved by Boetius à Bolswert. The Jesuit author (1588–1629) designed this devotional volume to follow the three stages of mystical life and meditation: purification (here, Book I: "Gemitus animae poenitentis"), illumination (II: "Vota animae sanctae"), and union (III: "Suspiria animae amantis"). The work was originally published in Antwerp in 1624, and, as stated here, the provincial's permission was renewed on 5 April 1657. The present copy matches Landwehr's collation for entry 353 save for a final printing privilege leaf not present here, cited by Landwehr as bearing a later date; this copy has an integral blank at P6 instead, conforming to the Getty's description of their copy, including their date. Provenance: 19th-century label of the Redemptorists' provincial library of Baltimore; later markings of the Redemptorists' library at Mount St. Alphonsus. DeBacker-Sommervogel, IV, 514–515; Landwehr, Emblem & Fable Books Printed in the Low Countries, 353. Contemporary morocco, covers framed in blind triple fillets, original clasps intact, spine with later hand-inked paper shelving label; binding rubbed overall, especially spine. All edges gilt. Institutional markings as above: front pastedown with 19th-century bookplate and back pastedown with pocket; front free endpaper with early inked shelving annotation; title-page verso with early inked ownership inscription, small shelving ticket, and rubber-stamp; first page of dedication and one text page with rubber-stamp; a bit of typical pencilling. Final privilegium leaf lacking, integral blank instead present. Pages mildly to moderately age-toned, a very few with slight spotting. A nice example of one of the best-received emblem books of the 17th century.

      [Bookseller: SessaBks, A Division of the Philadelphia]
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        Mechanica Hydraulico-Pneumatica: Qua Praeterquam quod Aquei Elementi natura, proprietas, vis motrix, atque occultus cum aere conflictus, a primis fundamentis demonstratur; ... ; Opus Bipartitum ... Accessit Experimentum novum Magdeburgicum, quo vacuum alii stabilire, alii evertere conantur

      Wuerzburg: Pigrin fuer Schoenwetter, 1657 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. 1st Edition. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. Half title dated 1658. 4to (206x165 mm) [32], 488, [16] pp., engraved title and 46 engraved plates on 45 plates (some folding) and numerous woodcut illustrations. Contemporary vellum, spine lettered in manuscript; half title with repaired tear to corner, some worming, somewhat browned, 3 plates stronger. Some plates wrongly numbered, corrected in old manuscript, plate 1 bound facing p. 277 instead of p. 177. With the rare half title and the final leaf of directions to the binder. A good, broad margined copy. - Norman 1910; Dünnhaupt, S. 3811, 3; RISM B VI/2, 771; Eitner IX 66 f; De Backer/S. VII, 904; Poggendorff II, 838; Wheeler Gift I, 142; DSB 12, 210. FIRST EDITION of the first book by the Jesuit Gaspar Schott, a pupil of Athanasius Kircher. The first part is theoretical while the second part explodes into an extraordinary catalogue of machines illustrated by engraving and woodcut. 'Schott first published what had originally been intended as a brief guide to the hydraulic and pneumatic instruments in Kircher's Roman museum, expanding it into the first version of his Mechanica hydraulico-pneumatica. But he added as an appendix a detailed account of Guericke's experiments on vacuums, the earliest published report of this work' (DSB)..

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        HISTORIAE NATURALIS DE QUADRUPEDIBUS. [bound with] DE PISCIBUS ET CETIS. [bound with] DE EXANGUIBUS AQUATICIS. [bound with] DE AVIBUS. [bound with] DE INSECTIS. [bound with] DE SERPENTIBUS

      Amsterdam: J. J. Schipper, 1657 & 1665. Second Edition. Hardcover. A book that usually suffered from much use, this copy is certainly above the average normally encountered. One plate bound upside down; small tape stains on a handful of plates; one plate with a neatly repaired tear; another plate with slight loss of image. Generally clean and crisp, handsomely bound. Near Fine. Folio (9-1/2" x 15") masterfully bound in recent full vellum lettered in brown on the spine with new endpapers. Six parts in one, four with an engraved title page and two with woodcut title vignettes: DE QUADRUPEDIBUS (1657), [3]-6, [2], 163, [1] pages; DE PISCIBUS ET CETIS (1657), [1]-5, [3], 160 pages; DE EXANGUIBUS AQUATICIS (1665), 58, [2] pages; DE AVIBUS (1657), [12], 160 pages; DE INSECTIS (1657), [8], 147, [1] pages; DE SERPENTIBUS (1665), 37, [1] pages. Jonston's complete and comprehensive compilation of the animal kingdom lavishly illustrated with hundreds of engraved figures, many fanciful or imaginary, many the work of the great German artist Matthew Merian. This copy with 243 of 250 plates (249 called for), most with several figures each, including 79 of 80 in the Quadrupedibus section (lacking plate 49); 48 of 47 in the Piscibus et cetis section (includes one plate not recorded in Nissen: plate 48 with images of a narwhal, containing details of its skull and horn); 19 of 20 in the Exanguibus aquaticis section (lacking plate 3); 57 of 62 in the Avibus section (lacking plates 11, 13, 29, 30, and 34); 28 of 28 in the Insectis section; and 12 of 12 in the Serpentibus et Draconibus section. Anker 235; Graesse III, 477; Nissen ZBI 2131, 2133, 2134; 2132, and 2135; Wood, page 409. An important and wonderfully illustrated work on natural history with great influence well into the 18th century. Jonston was a physician of Scottish decent, born on the Continent, where he spent the better part of his life. Jonston practiced other occupations in addition to being a physician, and in 1650 he published the first version of his zoology. Jonston is now seen chiefly as a "learned compiler" and his sources for the present work were wide ranging, but probably the main influence was Ulisse Aldrovandi (1522-1605). In addition to the technical merits of this book, Jonston also had a good imagination, as some of the creatures illustrated never existed: hippos with strange features, dragons, unicorns, griffons, and animals with human faces.

      [Bookseller: Charles Agvent]
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        La Beaute du Carmel

      Angers - Chez P. Yvain, 1657 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. An interesting and passionate work about the way of life of the Carmelite Monks. 'Containing the privileges, duties and indulgences of the brotherhood of N. D. Mount Carmel, or of the Scapular of the Virgin'. 4th edition, revised and improved with the Litany of the Family of Jesus and other exercises of devotion. Religious bookplate of Mary Barbara Hale to front pastedown. Monastic library bookplate tipped-in to front pastedown. Two pages of 'The Form of Visiting the Sick' bound in between pages of contents. The Order of the Brothers of Our Lady of Mount Carmel or Carmelites is a Catholic religious order perhaps founded in the 12th century on Mount Carmel, hence its name. The charism, or spiritual focus, of the Carmelite Order is contemplative prayer. The Order is considered by the Church to be under the special protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary and thus has a strong Marian devotion. By the middle of the 17th century the Carmelites had reached their zenith. At this period, however, they became involved in controversies with other orders, particularly with the Jesuits. The special objects of attack were the traditional origin of the Carmelites and the source of their scapular. Condition: In a paper vellum binding. Externally sound though rubbed and bumped. Front hinge held by cords only. Internally, binding is tender, several gatherings working loose. Remarkably bright and clean for its age, a small spill burn running through a few pages. Evidence of light previous worming. A few small closed tears to the title. Overall: GOOD.

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
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        Ars conjectandi, opus posthumum. Accedit Tractatus de seriebus infinitis, et Epistola Gallicè scripta De ludo pilae reticularis.Basel: Impensis Thurnisiorum Fratum, 1713.

      First edition of the "establishment of the fundamental principles of the calculus of probabilities" (Grolier/Horblit). Bernoulli's posthumous treatise was edited by his nephew and is considered the first significant book on probability theory. The title refers to conjectandi, or 'casting' as in the casting of dice. The Ars conjectandi "was the first systematic attempt to place the theory of probability on a firm basis and is still the foundation of much modern practice in all fields where probability is concerned-insurance, statistics and mathematical heredity tables" (PMM). The work is divided into four parts: the first a commentary on Huygens' De ratiociniis in aleae ludo (1657), the second a treatise on permutations and combinations (the former Bernoulli's own term), the third an application of the theory of combination to various games of chance, and the final, and most important, part which contains Bernoulli's philosophical thoughts on probability - as a measurable degree of certainty, necessity and chance, of moral versus mathematical expectation, and of a priori and a posteriori probability. It also contains his theorem, an application of probability to statistics. <br/><br/> PMM 179; Dibner, Heralds of Science, 110; Evans, First Editions of Epochal Achievements in the History of Science, 8; Grolier/Horblit, One Hundred Books Famous in Science,12; Sparrow, Milestones of Science, 21; Barchas, The Making of Modern Science, 46; Norman 216; Honeyman 291.. 4to: 180 x 145 mm. Old vellum. Fully complete; pp. [IV], 306; 35, [1:errata] and three folding tables. Some worm holes and paper flaws professionally repaired throughout (minimally affecting the text), some browning and foxing

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Due fanciulli che giocano con una capra

      Acquaforte, 1657 circa, firmata in lastra dal secondo stato. Esemplare nel rarissimo primo stato di tre. Magnifica prova, impressa su carta vergata coeva con filigrana ?grappolo d?uva e lettere? (Ortolani 33 databile alle metà del XVII secolo), con margini, tracce di sporco nella parte bianca e piccola abrasione perfettamente restaurata in basso a sinistra, per il resto in ottimo stato di conservazione. Allegro e gioioso baccanale, uno dei capolavori del Della Bella.Bibliografia: De Veme/Massar 102; I/II/; Ortolani 102 I/III; Bertelà 160. Dimensioni 248x225

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        The REPORTS Of SR. GEORGE CROKE KNIGHT; Late, one of the Justices of the Court of KINGS - BENCH; And formerly, one of the Justices of the Court of COMMON - BENCH, of Such Select Cases as were adjudged in the Said Courts, the time that he was Judge in either of them: Collected and written in French by Himself; Revised and Published in English by Sire Harebotle Grimston Baronet, One of the Benchers of the Honourable Society of Lincolns - Inn

      London:: Printed by R. Hodgkinsonne, and are to be sold by William Leak, by Thomas Firby,. 1657.. Folio: ¹2 a - b4 c2 A - 4P4. 11-1/2" x 7-1/8". 1st edition (Wing C-7014A). [24], 669, [3] pp.. Period full calf with modern respining to style.. Some wear to binding tips. Extenisve contemporary marginalia. A VG+. copy.. Fairly uncommon legal title in first edition... only one copy at auction these last 30 years. . Frontis. Head- tailpieces. Decorative initial capital letters. Copperplate printer&#39;s device to foot of 4P3

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA]
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        Exercitationum Mathematicarum libri quinque. ... Quibus accedit Christiani Hugenii tractatus de ratiociniis in aleae ludo. [I: Propositionum Arithmeticarum et Geometricarum centuria; II: Constructio Problematum simplicium geometricorum; III: Apollonii Pergaei loca plana restituta IV: Organica conicarum Sectionum in plano descriptio; V: Sectiones miscellaneae triginta; Quibus accedit: Tractatus de ratiociniis in aleae ludo Christianus Hugenius].Leiden: Elzevir, 1657.

      Rare first edition of Schooten's book which contains the first printing of Huygens' famous appendix on games of chance <i>De Ratiociniis in Ludo Aleae</i>; "the first published work on probability theory. It won immediate recognition and became the standard text on probability theory for the next 50 years." (Anders Hald: A History of Probability, ch.6). <br/><br/> (Stephen M. Stigler, Chance is 350 Years Old): "Huygens' presentation dominated the literature for half a century due to its accessibility and near monopoly. And his solutions to the problems of Pascal and Fermat previously solved were fine examples of the work of good mathematical mind. But there was one part of the tract that was strikingly original, and even today appears surprisingly modern." When Huygens began his treatise by listing the elementary first principles of probability, e.g., when you have equal chances to win a or b, then your expectation (the fair price to play the game) is (a+b)/2, etc. Huygens did not present these principles as definitions or axioms as is customary but as "propositions: assertions that required - and were given - proofs. And the proofs were extraordinary for the time, with strong hints of late 20th Century financial mathematics. [For details on these proofs see Stigler's article]. Three hundred fifty years ago, Huygens was the first published scientific probabilist, as well as the first financial engineer, constructing hedges and derivative contracts in order to extend probability theory from common notions of fairness in symmetric situations to very different asymmetric markets. Sociologist of Science Robert K. Merton introduced the term 'obliteration by incorporation' to describe the phenomenon in which a scientist's work becomes so widely incorporated that he or she is seldom referred to in connection with it. Such was the fate of Huygens' work on probability after the first decade of the 18th Century. But unlike many scientific pioneers, his work set off ripples that are still felt today." (Stigler). <br/><br/> "Schooten made an original contribution to mathematics with his Exercitationes Mathematicae (1657). Book I contains elementary arithmetic and geometry problems similar to those found in van Ceulen's collection. Book II is devoted to constructions using straight lines only and Book III to the reconstruction of Apllonius' Plane Loci on the basis of hints given by Pappus. Book IV is a revised version of Schooten's treatment of the kinematic generation of conic sections, and book V offers a collection of interesting individual problems. Worth noting, in particular, is the restatement of Hudde's method for the step-by-step building-up of equations for angular section and the determination of the girth of the folium of Descartes: <i>x<sup>3</sup> + y<sup>3</sup> = 3 axy</i>. Also noteworthy is the determination of Heronian triangles of equal perimeter and equal area (Roberval's problem) according to Descartes's method (1633). As an appendix Schooten printed Huygens' De ratiociniis in aleae ludo, which was extremely important in the development of the theory of probability." (DSB).. 4to (197 x 147 mm), pp [12] 534 [2:errata] (Huygens' treatise is pp 521-34), contemporary calf, ex-libris to front paste down, four different names of previous owners (one dated 1681), some marginal manuscript annotations in old hand, a fine and completely unrestored copy

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Elementa philosophica de cive.

      12°, gest. Titelbl., 16 Bl., 403 S., Perg. d. Zeit, Perg. etwas verzogen, gebräunt, schönes Exemplar. Zweite Ausgabe des 1642 erstmals als Manuskript gedruckten Werkes. De Cive (lat. Über den Bürger) ist der Kurztitel eines der Hauptwerke von Thomas Hobbes. Diese Schrift trug in der ersten Ausgabe von 1642 den Titel: «Elementorum philosophiae sectio tertia de cive». Die späteren Ausgaben trugen den Titel: «Elementa philosophica de cive». Der ursprüngliche Titel verweist auf Hobbes' Absicht, das Buch als dritten Teil seines philosophischen Systems der «Elementa philosophiae» zu veröffentlichen, das außerdem die Systemteile «De corpore»(Vom Körper) und «De homine» (Vom Menschen) umfassen sollte. Der spätere Titel geht auf einen Vorschlag von Hobbes' Verleger zurück, der aus ökonomischen Überlegungen vorschlug, den Systembezug auszublenden. Politische Unruhe nötigten Hobbes, zuerst «De Cive» zu schreiben, wenngleich dieses Werk systematisch gesehen an den Schluss gehört. Es setzt sich aus drei Teilen zusammen: Libertas (Freiheit), Imperium (Herrschaft) und Religio (Religion). Im ersten Teil beschreibt Hobbes den Naturzustand, in dem der Mensch sich zunächst befindet, und das Naturrecht, das für Hobbes keine ethische Grundlage hat, sondern nur angibt, wie man optimal (aus Eigennutz) handeln soll (Kapitel II, § 1). Im zweiten Teil begründet er die Notwendigkeit, im Interesse aller Individuen eine stabile Regierung zu gründen. Im letzten Teil werden die wichtigsten Behauptungen mit theologischen Argumenten untermauert. Thomas Hobbes (1588 - 1679) englischer Mathematiker, Staatstheoretiker und Philosoph der frühen Neuzeit, der vor allem durch sein Hauptwerk Leviathan bekannt wurde.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Peter Petrej]
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        A true and exact history of the island of Barbadoes.

      London, Printed for Humphrey Moseley, 1657. 122 large pp + [2] + plates and folding map and plan of sugar mill. 1st ed., fine apart from the map which has been relaid on backing paper with loss of margins and slight loss to image. Later half calf binding with raised bands and marbled boards. There are some ink corrections to the text in the margin in a contemporary hand, conceivably the author's. The first history of the island with much on the fauna and flora plus a very early description of sugar making.

      [Bookseller: Pennymead Books]
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        The REPORTS Of SR. GEORGE CROKE KNIGHT; Late, one of the Justices of the Court of KINGS - BENCH; And formerly, one of the Justices of the Court of COMMON - BENCH, of Such Select Cases as were adjudged in the Said Courts, the time that he was Judge in either of them: Collected and written in French by Himself; Revised and Published in English by Sire Harebotle Grimston Baronet, One of the Benchers of the Honourable Society of Lincolns - Inn

      Printed by R. Hodgkinsonne and are to be sold by William Leak by Thomas Firby London:: Printed by R. Hodgkinsonne, and are to be sold by William Leak, by Thomas Firby,. 1657.. Folio: ¹2 a - b4 c2 A - 4P4. 11-1/2" x 7-1/8". 1st edition (Wing C-7014A). [24], 669, [3] pp.. Period full calf with modern respining to style.. Some wear to binding tips. Extenisve contemporary marginalia. A VG+. copy.. Fairly uncommon legal title in first edition... only one copy at auction these last 30 years. . Frontis. Head- tailpieces. Decorative initial capital letters. Copperplate printer's device to foot of 4P3

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA ]
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        Notae & Animadversiones in Libros IV Institutionum Juris

      1657. Matthaeus, Antonius [1564-1637]. Mommerius (Mommer), Aegidius [c.1510-1570]. Notae & Animadversiones in Libros IV. Institutionum Juris Imper. Justiniani: Praefixa est Epistola Aegidii Mommerii, De Ratione Legendi Discendique Iura, Antehac Nunquam Excusa; Subjuncta Synopsis Institutionum Iuris, Qua Illae ad huc Hodie Sunt in Usus. Amsterdam: Impensis Ioannis Iansonii Iunioris, 1657. [xiv], 407, [9] pp. Main title page preceded by copperplate pictorial title page, copperplate coat of arms of page facing dedication. 12mo. (5" x 3"). Contemporary sheep, gilt spine with raised bands and lettering piece. Some rubbing, joints just starting at ends, minor chipping to spine ends. Brief annotations to endleaves, which have offsetting to margins, light toning to text, internally clean. * Later edition. Matthaeus was a jurist, professor of law at the University of Marburg and the father of the distinguished Roman-Dutch jurist, Antonius Matthaeus (II). Originally published in 1600, Notae et Animadversiones is a commentary on the Institutes of Justinian. A well-regarded work, it went through seven subsequent editions, the last in 1784. OCLC locates 2 copies of this edition in North America, one in a law library (UC-Berkeley). Dekkers, Bibliotheca Belgica Juridica 110 (3).

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ]
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        Insula Zeilan olim Taprobana nunc incolis tenarisim.

      Contp. hand-coloured engraved map of Ceylon. Amsterdam: Janssonius 1657. 41 x 51 cm. With decorative cartouche, ships and seamonsters

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell's Antikvariat]
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        Utan ort, 1657.

      4:o. (14),+ (2, blanka) s. Tagen ur band. Ur Ericsbergs bibliotek. Bibl. danica III, sp. 141. Klemming, Sveriges krig, s. 150. Aberstén 763. Warmholtz 4631, för den tyska upplagan. Relationen beskriver krigsutvecklingen i Skåne och Sydsverige under sommaren 1657, under riksdrotsen Per Brahes ledning

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Gymnasium styli, seu de vario scribendi exercitio ad exemplum veterum liber.

      Uppsala, Johannes Pauli, 1657. 8:o. (16),+ 159,+ (1) s. Samtida pergamentband, eftersättsbladet bortrivet. Rikt med äldre ägaranteckningar, bl.a. Johannis Olai Zelenius Both, som eventuellt daterat sitt inköp till den 16 mars 1658 "In servio studiis" och Olaus Joannes Balck, som fört anteckningar på försättsbladet. A. G. Sefströms biblioteksetikett och Bengt Löws namnteckning i blyerts. Bortklippt namnteckning i dedikationsbladet. Fint exemplar. Collijn sp. 826. Fant 7:2. Separatutgåvan av första upplagan. Den utgavs tillsammans med andra upplagan av "De stylo", men de kunde även köpas separat. "Gymnasium styli" och "De stylo" var båda läroböcker, och latinska stilläror med genomgång av olika stilarter och former av vältalighet. De utgavs i ett flertal upplagor tillsammans under 1600-talet

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Greifswald, Jacobi Jegeri acad.

      typ., 1657. 4:o. (211) s. Sammanbunden med: COYET, Peter Julius.) Expositio causarum, quibus s. r. m. Sveciæ bellum à rege regnoque Daniæ sibi illatum, etiam post pacem Roschildiæ initam, continare coacta fuit. Anno cIc Ic CLVIII. Stockholm, typis Cäsarianis Regii Typographi, (1658). 4:o. (2),+ 141,+ (1),+ 172,+ (2) s. Titeln något smutsig med lätt fuktrand i nedre hörn, enstaka små fläckar och sid. 137-38 med liten reva utan textförlust. Sammanbunden med: Wederläggning och wälgrundat swar, på thet danske manifest; hwarutinnan klarligen betyghes och godt görs, thet kongl. May:ts och Sweriges crono, emoot all skääl och sanning förwijtes, thetta krijgh, konungen i Danmarck, uthan orsaak, åthwarning och emoot förtienst at hafwa påfördt. Stockholm, Henrich Keyser, 1644. 4:o. (201) s. Enstaka fläckar. Sammanbunden med: Manifest; förklarandes orsakerne, som kongl. May:tt til Swerige, etc, beweekt och nödgat hafwe, at resolvera til krijgs, och förswara medh wapn, sin, sitt rijkes och sine undersåtares undertryckte rätt, emot sin frändes och naboos, konung Christians then 4des aff Danmarck, fiendtlige och wåldsamme attentater. Stockholm, Henrich Käyser, 1644. 4:o. (117),+ (3 blanka) s. Enstaka fläckar och med samtida bläckunderstrykningar. Marmorerat pappband från början av 1800-talet, ryggen med beige etikett med titeln: "Manifester Tom.1."Ur L. F. Rääfs bibliotek. Samlingsvolym med fyra svenska manifest och utsagor rörande de två stora danska krigen, Torstenssons 1644 och Karl X Gustavs 1657-58, vilka ledde fram till frederna i Brömsebro resp. Roskilde. 1657-58: Klemming Sv. förhållanden, s. 142 resp. s. 153f. Warmholtz 4617 resp. 4670. Första upplagan av "Responsio ...". Edvard Ehrensteen (1620-1686) var svensk diplomat och ett lyckligt exempel på ståndsklättring i 1600-talets Sverige. Härstammandes från en fattig östgötsk prästsläkt, lyckades han genom Gustav II Adolfs instiftade stipendier studera i Uppsala. Efter tronskiftet 1654 startade hans diplomatiska karriär och han blev en av den svenska diplomatins främsta kännare av den samtida stormaktspolitiken. Han adlades 1657 och blev hovkansler 1674. Första upplagan av "Expositio causarum...", som 1659 utkom i svensk, tysk och engelsk översättning. Det är krigsmanifestet mot Danmark och tillika diplomaten Coyets viktigaste tryckta arbete, där motiven bakom det förnyade svenska angreppet på Danmark klarlades för den europeiska opinionen. Det är en skickligt gjord framställning med händelseutvecklingen från krigets utbrott 1657 fram till freden i Roskilde och består av 142 sidor berättelse och 172 sidor med bilagor. 1644: Klemming Sv. förhållanden, s. 71, varianten med Corrigenda, resp. s. 65f. Warmholtz 4201 resp. 4164. "Wederläggning ...", som är ett försvar för angreppskriget, utkom samtidigt även på tyska och "Manifest ...", krigsförklaringen, utkom både på tyska och latin, samt senare på holländska

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Cælum orientis et prisci mundi triade

      Exercit ationum Literariarum Repræsentatum, curisqve Thomæ BangI. Kbhvn.: Peter Morsing 1657. Med titelkobber, stukket af H.A. Greys, titelblad trykt i rødt og sort. Med 3 træsnit i teksten. (12) + 224 s. Samt. slidt helskind. Med gamle navne, små ormehuller, de første sider med svag fugtskjold, biblioteksstempel på bagsiden af titelblad. With titlecopper, engraved by H.A. Greys, titlepage printed in red and black. With 3 textual woodcuts. Contp. worn full leather. With old names, small wormholes, the first pages with weak waterstain, library stamp on reverse of titlep.. Titelbladets bagside er identisk med variant B, beskrevet i Thesaurus 329, med 2 bibelcitater på hebraisk og latin og en vignet med en bog og en pen i en bladkrans. Thomas Bang [1600-1661], var universitetsbibliotekets første bibliotekar, bogen her er forfatterens hovedværk og handler i hovedsagen om bogstavskriftens oprindelse, men indeholder også bidrag til overtroens historie og påviser uægtheden af den såkaldte Henochs Bog.1691 udkom i Crakov i Polen et titeloplag af bogen.Thomas Bang (1600-1661), was the first librarian at the University Library; this book is his principal work and it is mainly describing the origin of alphabetic writing but it also deals with the history of superstition, and it points out the spuriousness of the so called Book of Henoch. Bibl. Dan. I, 86. Clement II, 404. Caillet I, 687. Thesaurus 329

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell's Antikvariat]
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        L'ARCHITECTURE MILITAIRE OU LA FORTIFICATION NOUVELLE. Augmentée et enrichie de forteresses regulières, irregulières, et de dehors; le tout à la pratique moderne.

      In-4 p. (mm. 290x200), p. pergam. antica con unghie, tit. ms. al dorso, pp. (8),179, incluso il bel frontesp. allegorico inc. in rame che raffigura il dio della guerra Marte, fiancheggiato dalle muse della geometria e dell'architettura (i due elementi essenziali della fortificazione militare); il vol. è ornato da testate e grandi capilett. xilografati, con 8 tabelle a doppia pag. e 35 tavv., pure a doppia pag., inc. in rame. L'opera è divisa in tre libri: "Des places regulières - Des forteresses irregulières & ouvrages extérieurs - De la pratique offensive & defensive". Cfr. Pollak,24: "This lavishly illustrated treatise is considered one of the most influential published in the XVII century. Freitag's treatise definitively interpreted the Dutch fortification style and made it available to a large German public" - Berlin Katalog,3525 cita la prima ediz. del 1631 - Brunet,II,1389 cita l'ediz. francese del 1635. Esemplare uniformem. arrossato; due timbri di apparten. al frontesp.; fori di tarlo per lo più al marg. bianco interno (antichi restauri) ma complessivam. in buono stato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        Singularia politica, quae XXV. capitibus sum nomine rationum status, ea quae à principe & repub. in salutem status observanda sunt: monent. Editio secunda, priori auctior & correctior. + Singularium politicorum Joh. Hieronymi Im Hof pars altera. + Discursus politici inceptam sigularium politicorum telam pertexentes: acessit ejusdem authoris epistola ad amicum quendam: de moderno Italiae statu.

      Norimbergae, 1657/Norimbergae, 1653/Norimbergae, 1655. Three parts in one volume, Engraved frontispiece + (14) + 269 + 1 blank + title page + 1 blank + (22) + 348 + engraved plate + 1 blank + (22) + 348 p. Contemporary full vellum. 13 X 8 cm. Exlibis (Bibl. Hammer)

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Röda Rummet AB]
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        Urbs Holsatiae Plona. Henrici Ranzovii producis Cimbrici opera et impressis delineatum Anno A.C.N. 1593, Aetatis vero suae LXVIII. Altkolor. Kupferstich aus Janssonius. Amsterdam, 1657. 35,5 x 48,5 cm.

      Klose-Martius 1a.- Überarbeitete Platte der Ansicht aus Braun und Hogenberg.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Schramm]
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        Lingua: Or The Combat Of The Tongue, And the Five Senses For Superiority. A pleasant Comedy

      London: Simon Miller, 1657. leather_bound. Contemporary full calf, early reback. Very good/No Dust Jacket. 14 x 9 cm. [A7,B-I8]. First published 1607, it went through six editions, and purportedly played before King James I shortly after his ascension. Written in English rather than Latin popularized the production to a wider audience, which held it in esteem for many years. A playwright of the late Elizabethan and Jacobean eras, considered cryptic by some. Edmund Gosse notes "that Oliver Cromwell played in it the part lent to Tactus, and had his political ambition enflamed by it." GREG 239fi. ODNB."a farcical presentation of a struggle between personification of the tongue and the five sense, all which are identified by their Latin names." Modest text toning, rubbing to extremities and corners, replaced endpapers.

      [Bookseller: Royoung bookseller, Inc.]
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        AN HISTORY OF THE WONDERFUL THINGS OF NATURE

      London, John Streeter, 1657.. set forth in ten severall classes. Wherein are contained I. The wonders of the heavens. II. Of the elements. III. Of meteors. IV. Of minerals. V. Of plants. VI. Of birds. VII. Of four-footed beasts. VIII. Of insects, and things wanting blood. IX. Of fishes. X. Of man. Written by Johannes Jonstonus. And now rendred into English, by a Person of Quality. FIRST ENGLISH EDITION, 1657, 4to, approximately 270 x 180 mm, 10 ½ x 7 inches, title printed in red and black, 16 unnumbered pages including the title page, 1- 354 plus and advertisement leaf, pagination jumps from page 10 to page 17 but this a printer&#39;s error, the catch word runs on and the chapters are correct, our copy collates the same as the copy in ESTC RI444, (guaranteed complete). An Appendix follows the Eighth Classis: Wherein there is contained the observation of Andreas Libavius, a most famous Physitian, concerning SILK-WORMS, a singular History, Anno 1599, at Rotenburgh. Bound in full calf, original covers, rebacked with a new spine and gilt lettered label, new endpapers. Binding rubbed, covers have some scuffs and small repairs to worm damage, corners repaired, shelf wear to edges, heavy unsightly browning to 56 pages, all text legible, (the heavy browning affects the first part of the book) the rest of text has pale age-browning and spotting, an occasional ink splash, small loss to 1 lower corner, neat ink name on endpaper, otherwise an acceptable working copy, good copy only. Some of the sujects covered: Creation of the World; Stars, Planets, Heavens, Sun, Moon, New Stars; Fires in the Waters, Fires under the Earth; Minerall Baths, Navigation in the Sea, Salt of the Sea, Miracles of some Countries, Mountains; Earth-Quakes, Dew Manner and Honey, Rainbow; Loadstone, Jewels found in the Bodies of Living Creatures, Gold, Silver, Emeralds, Topaz; Plants: Tobacco, Vine, Palm-Trees etc; Birds: Eagle, Hawkes, Owls, etc; Animals: Elephants, Horse, Crocodile, Bear, Unicorn, Divers Serpents, Camel, Beaver etc; Silk-Worms, Bees, Spanish Fly, Glo-Worms Locusts, Oysters, Pearls, Scorpions, Tarantula etc; Whale, Pike, Sea-Serpents, Salmon, Sword-Fish etc; Gyants, Pigmies, Monstrous Births, Walkers in the Night, Dreams, the Wonderful Strength and Agility of some People etc. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        Estates de Pologne Subdivisses suinant l'Estendue des Palatinats

      Estates de Pologne Subdivisses suinant l'Estendue des PalatinatsLarge scale map of Poland and Lithuania, including the surrounding bordering regions of Hungary, Austria and Russia. Rivers, lakes, forest, mountains and major cities and towns are depicted. A decorative title cartouche is at the top left corner, and a cartouche with a distance key is shown at the top right corner. Very brilliant original coloring.Born in Avignon, Alexis-Hubert Jaillot came to Paris in 1657 with his brother Simon, and both became sculptors.  In 1664, Jaillot married the daughter of Nicolas Berey, an established mapmaker, and soon joined his father-in-law in the trade.  Within a few years, Jaillot became the successor to Nicolas Sanson, the greatest French mapmaker of the seventeenth century. In 1669,  Jaillot undertook the re-engraving, enlarging and re-publishing of the Sanson maps in sheet form and in atlases, sparing no effort to fill the gap in the map trade left by the destruction of Blaeu's printing establishment in Amsterdam in 1672-one of the most productive cartographic establishment in the Netherlands.  Jaillot redrew Sanson's maps with many additions and corrections and fresh embellishments. Jaillot's maps are considered to be among the most decorative ever done.  They are justly famed for their large size and baroque ornamentation, and do considerable justice to their maker who was the court geographer to Louis XIV.  In 1690, Pierre Mortier began to publish Sanson's and Jaillot's maps from his Amsterdam firm.SANSON, N and JAILLOT, A.H.Paris, 1690622 x 699 mmOriginal colorVery minor discoloration on the lower left paper margin, otherwise excellent condition

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        HISTORIAE NATURALIS DE QUADRUPEDIBUS LIBRI. Cum aeneis figuris.

      In-4 gr. (mm. 370x230), p. pergam. coeva (piatto anter. restaur.), pp. (8),163, incluso il bellissimo frontesp. inc. in rame che raffigura un leone e due centauri; illustrato da 80 belle tavv., pure inc. in rame, ciasc. con 3 o piu' figure di animali. Alla storia dei quadrupedi solidipedi, bisulcati, vivipari ed ovovivipari fa seguito la "Hyaena odorifera, Zibethum Gignente, quae Civetta vulgo appellatur". Questo vol. fa parte della importante opera sugli animali, di Jonston, completa in 6 parti: "De quadrupedibus - De exanguibus aquatis - De piscibus et cetis - De avibus - De insectis - De Serpentibus". "Seconda edizione". Cfr. Library of British Museum,I, p. 942 - Nissen,ZBI,2131 - Ceresoli, p. 311 che cita solo la I ediz. di Francoforte, 1650 - Krivatsy,6256. Nel ns. esempl. 2 cc. con antico restauro per strappi, lievi aloni margin. o ingialliture interc. nel t. altrim. ben conservato. "I libri di storia naturale di John Jonston (1603-75), medico e naturalista di origine scozzese, costituiscono un importante documento sulle cognizioni zoologiche del sec. XVII e hanno all'incirca lo stesso carattere delle opere di Gesner." Cosi' Diz. Treccani,VI, p. 311.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        ANNALI HISTORICI DELLA EDIFICATIONE, ERETTIONE, & DOTATIONE DEL SEREN.SSIMO MONASTERIO DI S. SALVATORE & S. GIULIA DI BRESCIA. Alla S. Sede Apostolica & alla Regia Podestà immediatamente sottoposto.

      In-4 p. (mm. 285 x 185), mz. pelle con ang. coeva, fregi e tit. oro su tassello al dorso, pp. 24,106,(2), testo inquadrato in elegante cornice, ornato da alc. grandi capilett. figur. e finali, inc. su legno. Vi sono contenuti: ?Il Cattalogo (sic) delle Santissime Reliquie che nelle sue S.S. Chiese riposano. Et tutti li privilegij concessili dalli sommi Pontefici, Imperatori, Re, Prencipi & Ducchi (sic). Dall?anno della sua fondatione DCCLX sino al presente secolo MDCLVII?. In Appendice (della stessa Autrice, e con proprio frontesp. datato 1657): ?Vita, martirio et morte di S. Giulia, cartaginese crocefissa?. Il cui gloriosissimo corpo riposa nel venerabil Tempio del Sereniss. Monasterio di S. Giulia in Brescia, pp. (4),6 e ?Historia di S. Giulia?, pp. 17, precedute da una lunga lettera dello stampatore a Donna Fortunata Mondella, monaca decana nel Regio Monastero, cui si deve la pubblicazione dell?opera. "Edizione originale" di questi Annali redatti dalla Badessa Angelica Baitelli ?minima Monaca del Serenissimo Monasterio?. Alone nella parte infer., una carta con antico restauro margin., ma complessivam. un buon esemplare.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        An Exact Abridgement of the Records in the Tower of London . . . of all the Parliaments holden in each Kings reign, and the several Acts in every Parliament [etc.]. Revised . . . by William Prynne

      First edition of one of two valuable works singled out by Holdsworth as the fruits of Prynne's scholarship in seeing published the previously unprinted public records of the Kingdom, both leading to his appointment as their Keeper in the next decade. Early tree calf, rebacked, some embrowning, but a good copy. Printed for William Leake Stationer, at the Crown [etc.], London, 1657.

      [Bookseller:  Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        [Collection of 17th Century Sermons]: 1. The Staves of Beauty & Bands... 1663; 2. The Pastoral Office... 1663. 3. Preaching of Christ... 1662. 4. The Lords Property in His Redeemed People... 1660. 5. Divine Effiacy Without Humane Power... 1660. 6. The Meanes and Method of Healing in the Church... 1660. 7. The Author and Subject of Healing in the Church... 1660. 8. The Wall & Glory of Jerusalem,... Tho. Newcomb, 1660. 9. The Misery of a Deserted People,... 1659. 10. The Brand Pluck'd Out of the Fire... 1659. 11. The Substance of Two Sermons One Touching Composing of Controversies. Another Touching Unity of Judgement and Love Amongst Brethren... 1659. 12. The Rich Mans Charge... 1659. 13. The Comfort and the Crown of Great Actions... 1659. 14. Gods Fidelity, the Churches Safety:... 1659. 15. A Sermon Touching the Use of Humane Learning,... (Thomas Newcomb), 1658. 16. Sions Praises... Tho. Newcomb, 1657. 17. Deaths Advantage;... 1659. 18. The Peace of Jerusalem... 1659. 19. True Gain,... 1659. 20. Joy in the Lord:... 1659. 21. Animalis Homo: Concio Latine Habita... 1659. 22. Self-Deniall:... 1659. 23. A Sermon Touching the Peace and Edification of the Church... 1659. 24. The Shieldes of the Earth... 1659.

      London: [mostly printed by] Thomas Ratcliffe, [excepting those indicated by] Thomas Newcomb, for George Thomason, 1657-1663.. 4to. Recent panelled calf, spine with raised bands, gilt lettered red label, old manuscript index bound in at the front of the volume. Edges of the first two leaves of Gods Fidelity slightly frayed, lower corner of leaf C3 of Animalis Homo scorched with loss to margin and very slightly to the border text, else in very good condition. Edward Reynolds, (1599-1676), Bishop of Norwich, was "a prolific writer, the author of more than thirty books, and said... to have been renowned 'by all parties'". (ODNB) This a sammelband of 24 of his works, each with its own title page and individually paginated. Respectively Wing R1290; R1269; R1272; R1263; R1246; R1265; R1239; R1302; R1268; R1240; R1291; R1275; R1243; R1252; R1287; R1289; R1244; R1271; R1300; R1262; R1237; R1280; The last two works R?.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        Historiæ Naturalis de Piscibus et Cetis Libri V. Cum æneis figuris. + Historiæ Naturalis De Exanguibus Aquaticis Libri IV. Cum figuris Æneis.

      Amstelodami (Amsterdam), Johannes Jacobi Schipperi, 1657. Folio. Bound in one later (ca. 1800) hcalf w. marbled boards, uncut. Back w. six raised bands and coloured title-labels. Hinges, capitals and corners w. traces of use. First 12 leaves of "De Piscibus" w. repair to lower margin (ca. 4 x 10 cm. and decreasing) w. waterstaining around it, neither repair nor waterstaining affecting text or illustrations. Otherwise internally nice and clean. Engr. t-p. and 48 engr. plates (most of them depicting between 7 and 20 animals that live in water), 5, (3), 160 pp. (De Piscibus) + woodcut title-vignette and 20 engr. plates (most of them depicting between 10 and 20 shell-fish etc.), 58, (2) pp.. Second edition of both works. The "Exanguibus Aquaticis" is in accordance with Nissen's description of the second edition (Nissen 2134), the second edition of the "De Piscibus", however, is described in Nissen without year and as containing 47 plates, as the first edition, whereas this copy has 48 plates (all numbered), place and printer are the same. The first editions were both printed in Frankfurt in 1650. Johnston (1603 - 1675) was born in Poland and of Scottish descend, he was primarily a medic and natural historian. His works are usually seen as compilations of information with no personal judgment accompanying it. None the less his works of natural history were of great importance to the growing interest in this field of the time. "For example four of his dictionary-style works on fish, birds, quadrupeds, and insects -published between 1650 and 1653 with excellent illustrations- were widely read and translated" (D.S.B. VII:164). Though he relied a lot on the writings of others (e.g. those of Aldrovandi), his works became of great importance, first of all because of their new educational approach, but they were also of paramount importance to the development of natural history in Japan. The first collected edition in Dutch of the Historia Naturalis published at Amsterdam in 1660, was presented as a gift to the Japanese ruler Shogun Yoshimune. It was the only source of knowledge of western natural history in Japan, until in 1750. "Jonston's writings were a useful contribution to seventeenth-century thought, although he was not in the forefront of changing concepts of the time." (D.S.B. VII:165).These two works are the separate volumes three and four of Johnston's six-volume work "Historia Naturalis". All the beautifully executed plates are by Merian, who printed the first edition. Wood mentions this 1657-edition as the "editio princeps" (Wood p. 409). Nissen 2133 + 2134

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Essay d'Analyse sur les Jeux de Hazard.Paris: J. Quilau, 1708.

      Rare first edition of one of the most important landmark works on probability theory of the eighteenth century. Based on the problem's set forth by Huygens in his famous treatise <i>De Ratiociniis in Ludo Aleae</i> (1657), it spawned the publication of De Moivre's two important works <i>De Mesura Sortis</i> (1711) and <i>Doctrine of Chances</i> (1718) as well as Bernoulli's celebrated <i>Ars Conjectandi</i> (1713). <br/><br/> "Huygens heard of about Pascal's and Fermat's ideas [on games of chance] but had to work out the details for himself. His treatise <i>De ratiociniis in ludo aleae</i> ... essentially followed Pascal's method of expectation. ... At the end of his treatise, Huygens listed five problems about fair odds in games of chance, some of which had already been solved by Pascal and Fermat. These problems, together with similar questions inspired by other card and dice games popular at the time, set an agenda for research that continued for nearly a century. The most important landmarks of this work are Bernoulli's <i> Ars conjectandi</i> (1713), Montmort's <i> Essay d'analyse sur les jeux de hazard</i> (editions in 1708 and 1711 [recto: 1713]) and De Moivre's <i>Doctrine of Chances</i> (editions in 1718, 1738, and 1756). These authors investigated many of the problems still studied under the heading of discrete probability, including gamblers ruin, duration of play, handicaps, coincidences and runs. In order to solve these problems, they improved Pascal and Fermat's combinatorial reasoning, summed infinite series, developed the method of inclusion and exclusion, and developed methods for solving the linear difference equations that arise in using Pascal's method of expectations." (Glenn Schafer in Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences, Ed. Grattan-Guiness). <br/><br/> "In 1708 [Montmort] published his work on Chances, where with the courage of Columbus he revealed a new world to mathematicians." (Todhunter). "The greatest value of Montmort's book lay perhaps not in its solutions but in its systematic setting out of problems about games, which are shown to have important mathematical properties worthy of further work. The book aroused Nikolaus I Bernoulli's interest in particular and the 1713 edition includes the mathematical correspondence of the two men. This correspondence in turn provided an incentive for Nikolaus to publish the Ars conjectandi of his uncle Jakob I Bernoulli, thereby providing mathematics with a first step beyond mere combinatorial problems in probability. The work of De Moivre is, to say the least, a continuation of the inquiries of Montmort. Montmort put the case more strongly-he accused De Moivre of stealing his ideas without acknowledgment. De Moivre's De mensura sortis appeared in 1711 and Montmort attacked it scathingly in the 1713 edition of his own Essay." <br/><br/> "Pierre Rémond de Montmort (1678-1719) was born into a wealthy family of the French nobility. As a young man he traveled in England, the Netherlands, and Germany. Shortly after his return to Paris in 1699 his father dies and left him a large fortune. He studied Cartesian philosophy under Malebranche and studied the calculus on his own. ... Montmort corresponded with Leibniz whom he greatly admired. He was also on good terms with Newton whom he visited in London. In 1709 he printed 100 copies of Newton's <i>De Quadratura</i> at his own expense. As noted earlier, through John Bernoulli, he also offered to print <i>Ars Conjectandi</i>. He was on friendly terms with Nicholas Bernoulli and Brook Taylor." (Hald, A History of Probability and Statistics and their Applications before 1750, Chap. 18).<br/><br/> For detailed accounts of the work see: David's Games, Gods and Gambling, Chap. 14; Todhunter, History of the Theory of Probability, Chap. 7. <br/><br/> Sotheran's 3059 (described as 'rare').. 4to (249 x 180 mm), contemporary calf, spine richly gilt, some light wear to joints and spine. Engraved vignette on title, author's name added in fine manuscript (the work was published anonymously), old library stamp partially removed from title, several headpieces showing gambling scenes, and two engraved figures in text of the backgammon board. Pp xxiv 189 (3). Light browning to some gatherings. A very good copy of this rare book: ABPC lists just two records (Christie's 1981 and Hartung 1987)

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Ars conjectandi, opus posthumum. Accedit Tractatus de seriebus infinitis, et Epistola Gallicè scripta De ludo pilae reticularis.Basel: Impensis Thurnisiorum Fratum, 1713.

      First edition of the "establishment of the fundamental principles of the calculus of probabilities" (Grolier/Horblit). Bernoulli's posthumous treatise was edited by his nephew and is considered the first significant book on probability theory. The title refers to conjectandi, or 'casting' as in the casting of dice. The Ars conjectandi "was the first systematic attempt to place the theory of probability on a firm basis and is still the foundation of much modern practice in all fields where probability is concerned-insurance, statistics and mathematical heredity tables" (PMM). The work is divided into four parts: the first a commentary on Huygens' De ratiociniis in aleae ludo (1657), the second a treatise on permutations and combinations (the former Bernoulli's own term), the third an application of the theory of combination to various games of chance, and the final, and most important, part which contains Bernoulli's philosophical thoughts on probability - as a measurable degree of certainty, necessity and chance, of moral versus mathematical expectation, and of a priori and a posteriori probability. It also contains his theorem, an application of probability to statistics. <br/><br/> PMM 179; Dibner, Heralds of Science, 110; Evans, First Editions of Epochal Achievements in the History of Science, 8; Grolier/Horblit, One Hundred Books Famous in Science,12; Sparrow, Milestones of Science, 21; Barchas, The Making of Modern Science, 46; Norman 216; Honeyman 291.. 4to: 180 x 145 mm. Old vellum. Fully complete; pp. [IV], 306; 35, [1:errata] and three folding tables. Some worm holes and paper flaws professionally repaired throughout (minimally affecting the text), some browning and foxing

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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