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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1657

        An Exact Abridgement of the Records in the Tower of London . . . of all the Parliaments holden in each Kings reign, and the several Acts in every Parliament [etc.]. Revised . . . by William Prynne

      First edition of one of two valuable works singled out by Holdsworth as the fruits of Prynne's scholarship in seeing published the previously unprinted public records of the Kingdom, both leading to his appointment as their Keeper in the next decade. Early tree calf, rebacked, some embrowning, but a good copy. Printed for William Leake Stationer, at the Crown [etc.], London, 1657.

      [Bookseller:  Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        [Collection of 17th Century Sermons]: 1. The Staves of Beauty & Bands... 1663; 2. The Pastoral Office... 1663. 3. Preaching of Christ... 1662. 4. The Lords Property in His Redeemed People... 1660. 5. Divine Effiacy Without Humane Power... 1660. 6. The Meanes and Method of Healing in the Church... 1660. 7. The Author and Subject of Healing in the Church... 1660. 8. The Wall & Glory of Jerusalem,... Tho. Newcomb, 1660. 9. The Misery of a Deserted People,... 1659. 10. The Brand Pluck'd Out of the Fire... 1659. 11. The Substance of Two Sermons One Touching Composing of Controversies. Another Touching Unity of Judgement and Love Amongst Brethren... 1659. 12. The Rich Mans Charge... 1659. 13. The Comfort and the Crown of Great Actions... 1659. 14. Gods Fidelity, the Churches Safety:... 1659. 15. A Sermon Touching the Use of Humane Learning,... (Thomas Newcomb), 1658. 16. Sions Praises... Tho. Newcomb, 1657. 17. Deaths Advantage;... 1659. 18. The Peace of Jerusalem... 1659. 19. True Gain,... 1659. 20. Joy in the Lord:... 1659. 21. Animalis Homo: Concio Latine Habita... 1659. 22. Self-Deniall:... 1659. 23. A Sermon Touching the Peace and Edification of the Church... 1659. 24. The Shieldes of the Earth... 1659.

      London: [mostly printed by] Thomas Ratcliffe, [excepting those indicated by] Thomas Newcomb, for George Thomason, 1657-1663.. 4to. Recent panelled calf, spine with raised bands, gilt lettered red label, old manuscript index bound in at the front of the volume. Edges of the first two leaves of Gods Fidelity slightly frayed, lower corner of leaf C3 of Animalis Homo scorched with loss to margin and very slightly to the border text, else in very good condition. Edward Reynolds, (1599-1676), Bishop of Norwich, was "a prolific writer, the author of more than thirty books, and said... to have been renowned 'by all parties'". (ODNB) This a sammelband of 24 of his works, each with its own title page and individually paginated. Respectively Wing R1290; R1269; R1272; R1263; R1246; R1265; R1239; R1302; R1268; R1240; R1291; R1275; R1243; R1252; R1287; R1289; R1244; R1271; R1300; R1262; R1237; R1280; The last two works R?.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        Historiæ Naturalis de Piscibus et Cetis Libri V. Cum æneis figuris. + Historiæ Naturalis De Exanguibus Aquaticis Libri IV. Cum figuris Æneis.

      Amstelodami (Amsterdam), Johannes Jacobi Schipperi, 1657. Folio. Bound in one later (ca. 1800) hcalf w. marbled boards, uncut. Back w. six raised bands and coloured title-labels. Hinges, capitals and corners w. traces of use. First 12 leaves of "De Piscibus" w. repair to lower margin (ca. 4 x 10 cm. and decreasing) w. waterstaining around it, neither repair nor waterstaining affecting text or illustrations. Otherwise internally nice and clean. Engr. t-p. and 48 engr. plates (most of them depicting between 7 and 20 animals that live in water), 5, (3), 160 pp. (De Piscibus) + woodcut title-vignette and 20 engr. plates (most of them depicting between 10 and 20 shell-fish etc.), 58, (2) pp.. Second edition of both works. The "Exanguibus Aquaticis" is in accordance with Nissen's description of the second edition (Nissen 2134), the second edition of the "De Piscibus", however, is described in Nissen without year and as containing 47 plates, as the first edition, whereas this copy has 48 plates (all numbered), place and printer are the same. The first editions were both printed in Frankfurt in 1650. Johnston (1603 - 1675) was born in Poland and of Scottish descend, he was primarily a medic and natural historian. His works are usually seen as compilations of information with no personal judgment accompanying it. None the less his works of natural history were of great importance to the growing interest in this field of the time. "For example four of his dictionary-style works on fish, birds, quadrupeds, and insects -published between 1650 and 1653 with excellent illustrations- were widely read and translated" (D.S.B. VII:164). Though he relied a lot on the writings of others (e.g. those of Aldrovandi), his works became of great importance, first of all because of their new educational approach, but they were also of paramount importance to the development of natural history in Japan. The first collected edition in Dutch of the Historia Naturalis published at Amsterdam in 1660, was presented as a gift to the Japanese ruler Shogun Yoshimune. It was the only source of knowledge of western natural history in Japan, until in 1750. "Jonston's writings were a useful contribution to seventeenth-century thought, although he was not in the forefront of changing concepts of the time." (D.S.B. VII:165).These two works are the separate volumes three and four of Johnston's six-volume work "Historia Naturalis". All the beautifully executed plates are by Merian, who printed the first edition. Wood mentions this 1657-edition as the "editio princeps" (Wood p. 409). Nissen 2133 + 2134

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Essay d'Analyse sur les Jeux de Hazard.Paris: J. Quilau, 1708.

      Rare first edition of one of the most important landmark works on probability theory of the eighteenth century. Based on the problem's set forth by Huygens in his famous treatise <i>De Ratiociniis in Ludo Aleae</i> (1657), it spawned the publication of De Moivre's two important works <i>De Mesura Sortis</i> (1711) and <i>Doctrine of Chances</i> (1718) as well as Bernoulli's celebrated <i>Ars Conjectandi</i> (1713). <br/><br/> "Huygens heard of about Pascal's and Fermat's ideas [on games of chance] but had to work out the details for himself. His treatise <i>De ratiociniis in ludo aleae</i> ... essentially followed Pascal's method of expectation. ... At the end of his treatise, Huygens listed five problems about fair odds in games of chance, some of which had already been solved by Pascal and Fermat. These problems, together with similar questions inspired by other card and dice games popular at the time, set an agenda for research that continued for nearly a century. The most important landmarks of this work are Bernoulli's <i> Ars conjectandi</i> (1713), Montmort's <i> Essay d'analyse sur les jeux de hazard</i> (editions in 1708 and 1711 [recto: 1713]) and De Moivre's <i>Doctrine of Chances</i> (editions in 1718, 1738, and 1756). These authors investigated many of the problems still studied under the heading of discrete probability, including gamblers ruin, duration of play, handicaps, coincidences and runs. In order to solve these problems, they improved Pascal and Fermat's combinatorial reasoning, summed infinite series, developed the method of inclusion and exclusion, and developed methods for solving the linear difference equations that arise in using Pascal's method of expectations." (Glenn Schafer in Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences, Ed. Grattan-Guiness). <br/><br/> "In 1708 [Montmort] published his work on Chances, where with the courage of Columbus he revealed a new world to mathematicians." (Todhunter). "The greatest value of Montmort's book lay perhaps not in its solutions but in its systematic setting out of problems about games, which are shown to have important mathematical properties worthy of further work. The book aroused Nikolaus I Bernoulli's interest in particular and the 1713 edition includes the mathematical correspondence of the two men. This correspondence in turn provided an incentive for Nikolaus to publish the Ars conjectandi of his uncle Jakob I Bernoulli, thereby providing mathematics with a first step beyond mere combinatorial problems in probability. The work of De Moivre is, to say the least, a continuation of the inquiries of Montmort. Montmort put the case more strongly-he accused De Moivre of stealing his ideas without acknowledgment. De Moivre's De mensura sortis appeared in 1711 and Montmort attacked it scathingly in the 1713 edition of his own Essay." <br/><br/> "Pierre Rémond de Montmort (1678-1719) was born into a wealthy family of the French nobility. As a young man he traveled in England, the Netherlands, and Germany. Shortly after his return to Paris in 1699 his father dies and left him a large fortune. He studied Cartesian philosophy under Malebranche and studied the calculus on his own. ... Montmort corresponded with Leibniz whom he greatly admired. He was also on good terms with Newton whom he visited in London. In 1709 he printed 100 copies of Newton's <i>De Quadratura</i> at his own expense. As noted earlier, through John Bernoulli, he also offered to print <i>Ars Conjectandi</i>. He was on friendly terms with Nicholas Bernoulli and Brook Taylor." (Hald, A History of Probability and Statistics and their Applications before 1750, Chap. 18).<br/><br/> For detailed accounts of the work see: David's Games, Gods and Gambling, Chap. 14; Todhunter, History of the Theory of Probability, Chap. 7. <br/><br/> Sotheran's 3059 (described as 'rare').. 4to (249 x 180 mm), contemporary calf, spine richly gilt, some light wear to joints and spine. Engraved vignette on title, author's name added in fine manuscript (the work was published anonymously), old library stamp partially removed from title, several headpieces showing gambling scenes, and two engraved figures in text of the backgammon board. Pp xxiv 189 (3). Light browning to some gatherings. A very good copy of this rare book: ABPC lists just two records (Christie's 1981 and Hartung 1987)

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Ars conjectandi, opus posthumum. Accedit Tractatus de seriebus infinitis, et Epistola Gallicè scripta De ludo pilae reticularis.Basel: Impensis Thurnisiorum Fratum, 1713.

      First edition of the "establishment of the fundamental principles of the calculus of probabilities" (Grolier/Horblit). Bernoulli's posthumous treatise was edited by his nephew and is considered the first significant book on probability theory. The title refers to conjectandi, or 'casting' as in the casting of dice. The Ars conjectandi "was the first systematic attempt to place the theory of probability on a firm basis and is still the foundation of much modern practice in all fields where probability is concerned-insurance, statistics and mathematical heredity tables" (PMM). The work is divided into four parts: the first a commentary on Huygens' De ratiociniis in aleae ludo (1657), the second a treatise on permutations and combinations (the former Bernoulli's own term), the third an application of the theory of combination to various games of chance, and the final, and most important, part which contains Bernoulli's philosophical thoughts on probability - as a measurable degree of certainty, necessity and chance, of moral versus mathematical expectation, and of a priori and a posteriori probability. It also contains his theorem, an application of probability to statistics. <br/><br/> PMM 179; Dibner, Heralds of Science, 110; Evans, First Editions of Epochal Achievements in the History of Science, 8; Grolier/Horblit, One Hundred Books Famous in Science,12; Sparrow, Milestones of Science, 21; Barchas, The Making of Modern Science, 46; Norman 216; Honeyman 291.. 4to: 180 x 145 mm. Old vellum. Fully complete; pp. [IV], 306; 35, [1:errata] and three folding tables. Some worm holes and paper flaws professionally repaired throughout (minimally affecting the text), some browning and foxing

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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