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        Oculus Enoch et Eliae, sive radius sidereomysticus pars prima ... Opus philosophis, astronomis, & rerum caelestium aequis aestimatoribus ... quo omnium planetarum veri motus, stationes & retrocessions ... tam in Theoria Tychonica, quam Copernicana ... demonstrantur exhibenturque (Pars altera sive theo-astronomia).

      Antwerp: Hieronymus Verdussen, 1645. First edition of this very rare and influential work in the history of the telescope, a remarkable copy, uncut in the original interim boards. Rheita "introduced a number of crucial improvements in his work, leading to a real breakthrough in telescope design. First, Rheita suggested a new and much better method of polishing lenses, leading to a strong reduction of deviations; secondly (and even more importantly), he found that a compound ocular, composed of three or four lenses, resulted in a much better quality than using only a single (compound) ocular" (Van Helden, p. 334). "This new polishing technique, together with the compound eyepiece, allowed for longer and longer telescopes, and the astronomical discoveries that went along with it, during the second half of the 17th century ... Oculus Enoch et Eliae referred to the binocular telescope, with Henoch and Elias each symbolizing one eye. With the same instrument, Rheita observed the bands on Jupiter, as he announced in a letter of 18 June 1651 to the Elector of Mainz ... Rheita's design of telescopes became known throughout Europe, mostly through telescopes produced by Wiesel in Augsburg. The same design was soon used in England by Richard Reeve (of Hartlib's circle), in Holland by Christiaan Huygens, in Italy by Giuseppi Campani, and in France by another Capuchin monk, Cherubin d'Orleans ... Rheita also published a map of the Moon in his Oculus Enoch et Eliae. With the exception of Francesco Fontana's unpublished lunar drawings of 1629 and 1630, this was the first map to present the Moon south up, as seen through a telescope consisting of two convex lenses" (Sven Dupré in Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers). "We can consider Schyrl de Rheita and Johannes Wiesel as the founders of technical optics. Only with the new manufacturing technology, which they developed, did the telescope change from an imperfect device into an efficient instrument of research" (Willach, p. 398). OCLC lists copies in US at Arizona, Burndy, Harvard, Linda Hall, Columbia, Cornell, NYPL, Mount Angel Abbey, and Smith College. The only other copies recorded by ABPC/RBH in the last 50 years are the Honeyman and Macclesfield copies (the latter sold Sotheby's, October 25, 2005, lot 1849, £21,600 = $38,119). Following its invention in the early seventeenth century, there were "two main problems which prevented the improvement of the telescope: (1) the lack of a precision polishing method; (2) the lack of a wide field eyepiece, giving an upright and clear image. In the year 1645 the Capuchin monk Schyrl de Rheita published a book entitled Oculus Enoch et Eliae Sive Radius Sidereomysticus ... Book 4 of this very extensive work ... is dedicated to the improvement of the telescope and the construction of binocular telescopes. For Rheita the binocular was the king of the telescopes, and in his work he discussed the problems of this kind of instrument in detail, and he proposed suitable solutions. However, it was not the binocular telescope that Rheita became famous for. There are two other inventions, which he published in his book in two cryptograms, which he called 'Secretum'. "We find the first 'Secretum' on page 344. The decipherment is very easy, and we find the Latin sentence 'charta patine lenissimo pulmento ingeniose agglutini. Tripoli virtrum polit inea.' This is translated as: 'A very fine paper is to be glued with skill in the mould. Then we polish in it the glass with tripolite.' The second secretum is found on page 356, towards the end of book 4. Translated into English it reads: 'It is better to erect the objects with four convex glasses, because it becomes much larger (he means the field of view). But it is the rule to unite the focal point (he means that of the objective) with that of the third glass. There are three convex ocular glasses, the objective is the fourth.' "Let us begin with the first 'Secretum'. Here he proposed to polish with tripolite on a fine paper glued in the grinding mould. Rheita has discovered the fundamental reason for the aspherical deformation during the polishing process and, with his proposal, he gave a very easy and effective method to prevent this. With this new polishing method it was possible to polish objectives of a large diameter to the high degree of precision required for astronomical telescopes. This was the end of the 40 years of stagnation in the improvement of the objective, and it was the start of the development of the aerial telescope. "The second 'Secretum' describes, in a somewhat obscure expression, the construction of a three-lens terrestrial eyepiece ... [In his Dioptrice (1611), Johannes Kepler had already introduced a third convex lens, that is, an erector lens, to reinvert the image seen through his telescope; it consisted of two convex lenses. However,] the Keplerian eyepiece has an enormous colour defect, namely the magnification difference between the different colours. In contrast, in the three-lens eyepiece by Rheita it is possible to correct this difference completely. The different coloured rays leave the eye lens in parallel; so the focal length and therefore the magnification of the different coloured images are equal ... In his Oculus, Rheita proposed further improvements of the telescope. He soon realized that he could enlarge the field of view even more, by enlarging the diameter of the three ocular lenses. As a consequence, the diameter of these lenses became even larger than the object glass. Therefore, his next proposal was to reverse the telescope. He put the small objective into the smallest tube, and the whole eyepiece with its large lenses into the main tube.   "After the publication of the Oculus, the news of the improved polishing method and the new eyepiece design spread quickly to other countries. In particular, in England, France and Italy there was a great demand for the new telescopes. In his book, Rheita mentioned two opticians, Gervasius Mattmüller in Vienna and Johannes Wiesel in Augsburg, as manufacturers for the new telescope. "In the person of Johannes Wiesel, we meet the first professional optician in Europe. Already in 1621, he was established in Augsburg and offered spectacles and telescopes, and in the following years his reputation and his clientele grew constantly. During the Thirty Years' War, the demand for telescopes was very high. Unfortunately we do not know anything about the cooperation between Rheita and Wiesel. We can assume that Wiesel contributed his extensive practical knowledge as an optician to this partnership. On the other hand, it is a matter of fact that his worldwide reputation only began after the publication of Rheita's Oculus. So Rheita contributed his theoretical knowledge and the results of his extensive experiments. "The Wiesel telescopes, with their characteristic inverted shape, have been copied especially in England, where we can find this kind of telescope until the beginning of the eighteenth century" (Willach, pp. 388-391). "In 1647 the "intelligencer" Samuel Hartlib in London received a price list by Wiesel, and he circulated it among members of his circle, for example to Johannes Hevelius in Danzig, to John Pell in the Netherlands and to Marin Mersenne in Paris. Wiesel announced in this list three kinds of telescopes of different lengths: first the old ones with a convex and a concave lens, second the newer ones with two convex lenses, and third, the newest with four or more lenses ... Meanwhile Giovanni Battista Riccioli and Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Jesuit astronomers in Bologna, had acquired a telescope by Wiesel. Riccioli recounts in his Almagestum Novum (1651) that they were in possession of different telescopes, made by Galileo Galilei, Francesco Fontana, Evangelista Torricelli and Carlo Antonio Manzini. But for observing the Moon, they loved best the telescope from Bavaria. Although this instrument allowed the entire Moon to be seen, it nevertheless revealed the Moon's features in excellent detail. On the map of the Moon that they produced, we can read "optimo telescopio" (made with the best telescope)" (Keil, pp. 26-29). Rheita's telescopes were also copied by one of Wiesel's most serious competitors, Eustachio Divini. "He settled in Rome during 1646 and in the subsequent 20 years he became the most famous telescope maker in Italy. His supporter was Carlo Antonio Manzini, who quickly read and translated Rheita's Oculus [Manzini, Dioptrica Pratica, 1660] and gave Divini, who did not understand the Latin text, the necessary information about the precision polishing and the new eyepiece" (Willach, p. 395). Rheita became involved in a controversy with several contemporary astronomers after he claimed to have discovered, using his new telescopes, a number of new satellites of the superior planets. In particular, on 29 December 1642, he said he discovered five satellites of Jupiter, above the four satellites already discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610. Rheita argued that those satellites could only be revealed by his recently invented binocular telescope. "The first astronomer who claimed to have seen moons around Mars was probably Johann Burchard Schyrle, a Capuchin friar and professor of theology known to his contemporaries as Anton Maria Schyrlaeus de Rheita. In two observations, made on 29 December 1642 and 4 January 1643, he observed what he took to be five new Jovian moons, to which he gave the name Urbanoctavianes after Pope Urban VIII. He also claimed to have found new satellites orbiting the other superior planets, Mars and Saturn. Rheita reported his startling observations in a letter of 6 January 1643 to Erycus Puteanus, a professor in Louvain, and soon the news was disseminated to other natural philosophers ... He repeated the claims in an important work published in Antwerp two years later, Oculus Enoch et Eliae, sive radius sidereomysticus. In this book he showed a drawing of Mars surrounded by six flattened moons and also included a map of the Moon ... Rheita was for a period well known as an astronomer, but his discoveries of new satellites failed to win recognition. Gassendi argued in a small tract of 1643 that Rheita's "satellites" around Jupiter were really fixed stars, an argument which was substantiated by Hevelius in his Selenographia of 1647 ... Before Hevelius' rejection, Rheita defended his claim by pointing out in Oculus Enoch et Eliae that the mutual distances of the observed objects changed, so that they could not be fixed stars. Rheita's claim received support from Caramuel Lobkowitz, a Cistercian natural philosopher, whose contribution to the debate was included in a book of 1643. On the other hand, Riccioli did not find the evidence for new satellites convincing. In his Almagestum Novum he reviewed the claims of Fontana and Rheita, and also mentioned that additional moons around Jupiter had been seen by Johannes Baptista Zupus (or Zupo), who used a telescope of Fontana's construction" (Kragh, The Moon that wasn't (2008), pp. 26-7). Rheita's Oculus contains a genuine astronomical 'first', namely the first observation of a multiple star to appear in print. The first double star to be observed was the Mizar/Alcor binary system in Ursa Major. "The Jesuit Giambattista Riccioli (1598-1671) published Mizar's special nature in 1651, mentioning it in passing, but by then the new phenomenon of multiple stars had already been reported in print, by the Capuchin friar Anton Maria Schyreleus de Rheita (1604-60), in 1645 ... [He] mentions a triple star ("stella tricorporea") described and illustrated as a multiple star, which he had observed in the Orion constellation; Oculus Enoch, I, 198a and illustration (sheet G, figure 7) at the end of vol. II" (Siebert, pp. 259 &268). In his Oculus, Rheita defended the Tychonic world system, criticizing the Copernican system as established by Philip Lansbergen. In this he followed Scheiner and Cysat, and his friend and supporter Eryceus Puteanus. Rheita constructed, and illustrated in Oculus, a model of his cosmological system. "In mid-century A. M. Schyrleus de Rheita had described what he called his "trochlea", a planetary device with a rope-drive, incorporated in his "planetologium", partly driven by water using a mixture of gear-work, endless screws, rope and pulleys. This Heath Robinson affair incorporated among other things a revolving crystalline sphere covered in stars and decorated with gold and other colours, being half-filled with liquid to show horizon effects [for the trochlea, see pp. 132-9, and for the planetarium, pp. 325-35]" (North, p. 181). Rheita's Oculus also contains an early speculation on the possibility and nature of extra-terrestrial life. "If Jupiter has inhabitants, he said, they must be bigger and more handsome than we are, and in the shape of a pair of spheres. He considered whether they might still be in a state of moral innocence. Huygens in his Cosmotheoros describes Jupiter and his satellites by analogy with the Earth and Moon, in ways reminiscent of de Rheita" (ibid., p. 187). Kepler had started such speculations in his Dissertatio cum Nuncio Siderio (1610). "Why, asked Kepler, should Jupiter be circled by four moons, if there is no-one on the planet to admire the spectacle? He concluded that both our own moon and Jupiter may be inhabited, and that we may some day fly to them" (ibid.). "Rheita was born into a noble family; "de Rheita" was derived from his birthplace. Rheita was educated in the Augustinian abbey of Indersdorf, Bavaria. On 14 October 1623, he enrolled at the University of Ingolstadt, where optics and astronomy were taught in the tradition of Christoph Scheiner and Johann Cysat. Three years later, Rheita left without a degree to become a Capuchin monk in the monastery of Passau, taking the name Antonius Maria. In 1636, he left Passau to become reader in philosophy at the Capuchin monastery of Linz. There, he met Philipp Cristoph von Sötern, the elector of Trier, for whom he worked for several years. In 1642, Rheita was in the Capuchin monastery of Cologne, where he conducted astronomical research and constructed telescopes that would result in his first publication, Novem stellae circa Jovem visae, circa Saturnum sex, circa Martem nonnulla (Nine stars seen [or observed] around Jupiter, six around Saturn, several around Mars), in 1643. That year he met the instrument and telescope maker Johann Wiesel in Augsburg, where Rheita presumably was to give support to the nearby Bridgettine monastery in Altomünster of his brother Elias. One year later, Rheita was in Antwerp to prepare the publication of his main work Oculus Enoch et Eliae, before returning, in 1645, to Trier, again in the service of Sötern until the latter's death in 1652. In those years, Rheita ran a workshop that produced telescopes for, among others, the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz. In Belgium to prepare a new edition of his Oculus Enoch et Eliae in 1653, he was informed of accusations against him by the Inquisition. Imprisoned in Bologna and later in Ravenna, Rheita's plans to build an observatory in Mainz would never materialize. On 27 November 1659 or 14 November 1660 (depending on the source used) he died, in unclear circumstances, in confinement" (Dupré).   The lunar valley Vallis Rheita is named after him, as is the lunar crater Rheita, which stands at the valley's northwestern end. Rheita is credited with bringing into use the terms 'ocular' and 'objective' in relation to telescopes. Keil, 'Johann Wiesel's Telescopes and his Clientele, pp. 21-40 in Morrison-Low et al (eds.), From Earth-Bound to Satellite: Telescopes, Skills and Networks, 2011). North, The Universal Frame: Historical Essays in Astronomy, Natural Philosophy and Scientific Method, 1989. Siebert, 'The early search for stellar parallax: Galileo, Castelli, and Ramponi,' Journal for the History of Astronomy 36 (2005), 251-271. Van Helden et al (eds.), The Origins of the Telescope, 2010. Willach, 'The Development of Telescope Optics in the Middle of the Seventeenth Century,' Annals of Science 58 (2001), 381-398. Two parts in one volume, folio (335 x 225 mm), uncut in the original interim boards, pp. [lii], 356, [4, blank], two engraved plates; [16], 279, [29], eight folding engraved plates, first title-page printed in red and black, engraved frontispiece, woodcut device on recto of final leaf. Entirely unretored in its original state.

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        Nova demonstratio immobilitatis terrae petita ex virtut magnetica.

      La Flèche: George Griveau, 1645. Presentation copy of the first edition of this rare and richly illustrated Jesuit anti-Copernican tract by Jacques Grandami (1588-1672), rector of the Jesuit college of La Flèche, which was attended by both Descartes and Mersenne. In this work Grandami employs the 'magnetic philosophy' initiated by William Gilbert to refute the heliocentrist position. He also claims to have solved the problem of determining longitude at sea. In the first decades of the seventeenth century 'magnetic philosophy' was used both by heliocentrists and their opponents to support their positions, and Grandami had discussed his views with Descartes and Mersenne, as well as with Huygens, before the publication of this work. "In the seventeenth century debates over the Copernican hypothesis numerous astronomers used magnetism and magnetic theories of attraction to substantiate their theoretical arguments and experimental proofs. William Gilbert initiated the introduction of magnetism into astronomical debate and the analogy between magnets and celestial bodies was subsequently employed in various ways by the heliocentrists, including Kepler and Galileo. By calling up Gilbert's magnetic philosophy in support of Copernican astronomy, Kepler and Galileo influenced the course of astronomical debate by strengthening the analogy and by cementing together the two sciences of magnetism and celestial physics. Yet magnetic arguments and magnetic analogies did not remain the province of heliocentrists alone. Opponents of Copernican theory likewise turned to magnetism, this time to refute the astronomy which common sense and Scriptural authority opposed. The hope of disproving the Copernican hypothesis by means of magnetic studies provided a strong stimulus to such studies in the scientific community" (Baldwin, p. 155). Grandami considered the present work to be a major contribution, continuing to discuss it with Huygens as late as 1669. ABPC/RBH list only two copies sold since 1942 (neither of them presentation copies): Honeyman 1979, £700 (cont. calf worn, one plate torn and repaired), this subsequently offered by Howell in 1981 for $3250; Christie's 2016, £7500 (modern binding, uncut). The remarkable frontispiece "reflects the Jesuits' preoccupation with magnetic cosmology. At the top two angels symbolize God's providence in imbuing the Earth with a magnetic quality to prevent it moving. The quotation from Ecclesiastes I, 4 emphasizes the unique conformity of Jesuit magnetics with scripture. The central image is of a cherub conducting Grandami's basic experiment to prove magnetic immobility ... Navigational interests are again represented. The cherub on the right carries Grandami's allegedly non-declining compass needle, with which he claimed to have solved the problem of longitude at sea" (Pumfrey, p. 52). Provenance: presented by the author to an unidentified recipient 'I. B.' (frontispiece inscribed at foot 'I. B. Auctor D[ono] D[edit]' in contemporary  hand); subsequently given to the library of the Jesuit domus professae in Antwerp by Daniel Papebroch in 1682 (printed title inscribed at head 'Domûs Professae Soc: Jesu Antuerpiae', front free endpaper with inscription 'Musei SS. in Domo professâ Soc. Iesu Antuerp.  Dedit Bibliothecae ejûsdem Domûs R. P. Papebrochius 1682'); contemporary hand-written list, on paper, of 11 books (this being the first) pasted to upper cover. Daniel Papebroch (1628-1714) was an important Flemish Jesuit hagiographer and Bollandist. He was a leading revisionist figure, bringing historical criticism to bear on traditions of saints of the Catholic Church. The analogy between magnetic and celestial phenomena originated in William Gilbert's seminal De magnete (1600). Gilbert stated that the Earth possessed magnetic force and behaved like a large magnet in the cosmos. The Earth was endowed with the same motions of attraction, aggregation of parts, revolution and direction that a loadstone possessed. The Earth shared with a spherical loadstone the magnetic motion of rotation: when its axis was inclined to the plane of another magnet, this magnetic force caused the Earth to rotate on its axis every 24 hours. In addition, the Earth maintained a constant orientation in space, just as a loadstone kept itself aligned in a constant north-south position. He also proposed that the magnetic influence of the Sun extends throughout the Solar System: 'The sun (chief inciter of action in nature), as he causes the planets to advance in their courses, so, too, doth bring about this revolution of the globe [of the Earth] by sending forth the energies of the spheres ...' For Gilbert, magnetism was a cosmic force, governing and regulating the motions of the planets. The first Continental scientists to seize upon the application of the magnetic analogy to heavenly bodies were heliocentrists, notably Kepler and Galileo. Kepler was thoroughly familiar with Gilbert's work by the time he wrote Astronomia nova (1609). Kepler saw his own work as a celestial extension of that of Gilbert: "If I believe anything, you after reading my book will be persuaded that I have placed a celestial rooftop upon the magnetical philosophy of Gilbert, who himself has built the terrestrial foundation". Kepler attributed magnetic force to the individual planets as well as to the Sun in order to account for the planets' elliptical orbits. Later, in his Epitome (1617-21), Kepler deemed the interiors of these celestial bodies to be similar to those of a loadstone. Galileo, too, applied magnetism to celestial physics. In his Dialogo (1632), he turned to magnetic force to explain the constancy of the Earth's polar tilt and discussed Gilbert's work. He too appealed to magnetic analogy and argued that just as a loadstone was imbued with a horizontal rotatory motion to hold its axis in a constant north-south direction, so too did the Earth hold its poles at a fixed angle despite its other annual and diurnal motions. The Jesuit Niccolo Cabeo was the first after Gilbert to publish a full treatise on magnetism, Philosophia magnetica (1629). Cabeo granted that the magnetic force of the whole Earth had some role in the cosmos, but he severely restricted this role: Gilbert had overstated the issue. Twelve years later, another Jesuit, Athenasius Kircher, published Magnes, sive de arte magnetica, in which he took up the challenge of refuting the magnetic astronomy of the heliocentrists. Three other Jesuit scientists joined the attack: the Frenchman Jacques Grandami in 1645, the Italian Niccolo Zucchi in 1649, and the German Gaspar Schott in 1657. Grandami attacked Copernican astronomy in the present work which was devoted exclusively to the subject; Zucchi and Schott embedded their challenges in larger volumes devoted to much broader subjects. "Though there were some points of disagreement among the magnetic philosophies of the five Jesuits, all consistently defended a geocentrist cosmos and all argued that magnetism was a physical force which helped keep the Earth properly aligned in the centre of the universe. To support their various experimental arguments, each of the five turned to metaphysical arguments of final causes. None endorsed a separation of religious and scientific truth; all five believed religious truth informed scientific knowledge. "Although Kircher's work on magnetism antedated that of Jacques Grandami, the two Jesuits had corresponded about the matter before the publication of either work. Grandami, a French Jesuit who taught philosophy and theology at Bourges, Rennes, Tours, La Flèche, Rouen and Paris, published what he considered to be the definitive work on magnetic astronomy, his Nova demonstratio immobilitatis terrae petita ex virtut magnetica. Prior to its publication he had indicated in a letter his debt to Cabeo for his theoretical thinking: "Although gravity causes the Earth to stand in the centre of the world, it is not able to impede its circular motion around the centre, especially against the daily agitation of all the sea waters in the changing tides and in violent storms. Thus it is that another quality is added and assigned to immobility ... This quality is sufficient for effecting this immobility and for restoring the Earth's situation with the poles of the sky if by chance it should be disturbed. I call this quality the magnetic quality since in magnetic bodies the rest and constant immobility on the meridian line (or near it) are seen everywhere." "Grandami's "new demonstration" consisted of a revised experiment of Petrus Peregrinus. He believed the experiment proved the quiet of the Earth and he expected it to silence all Copernican objections to a stationary Earth in revolving heavens. The experiment involved placing a spherically-shaped loadstone in a glass container. As the loadstone floated freely on water and when its north pole dipped, he observed that it would establish a stable position with its pole aligning with those of the heavens. Also, it would return to that position of dislodged again. Accepting Gilbert's analogy of a spherical loadstone and Earth and Gilbert's contention that the whole Earth possessed magnetic force, Grandami argued that his experiment proved that the Earth did not rotate about its axis diurnally as Gilbert had declared. To aid his reader Grandami set forth the logical parts of his "new demonstration": no body having magnetic virtue moves around its poles (major proposition); the Earth has magnetic virtue (minor proposition); the Earth does not turn around its poles (conclusion). He claimed to have proved the major proposition from the floating loadstone experiment; the minor proposition and his fundamental idea of terrestrial magnetism he drew from Gilbert. His experiment followed closely that of Petrus Peregrinus, but his conclusion was opposed to that of his medieval predecessor who argued in favour of a suspended loadstone's perpetual motion around its poles ... "According to Grandami, gravity kept the Earth in the middle of the universe and prevented any upward or downward motion of the terrestrial mass. But gravity alone was insufficient to keep the Earth from turning around its centre. Gravity provided no resistance to circular motion. Only magnetic force held the Earth aligned with the poles of the sky. God had placed the poles of the sky as He had in order to keep the Earth's magnetic poles fixed and immobile. Grandami believed that the sky had no magnetic quality of its own, but rather teemed with celestial intelligences who oversaw the constant motions of the stars ... "In addition to asserting that magnetism was a primary force in maintaining the Earth's immobility, Grandami wandered into the realms of celestial and terrestrial physics. He denied all natural circular motion in bodies other than magnets and claimed that magnets moved circularly only when suspended at their centres and when their poles were placed in a position naturally not agreeable to themselves. Furthermore he denied perpetual motion in magnets and noted that a magnet could easily be robbed of its virtue. Magnets naturally tended to stand still or to move themselves only in order to obtain a stable and quiet position" (Baldwin, pp. 167-9). Grandami (1588-1672) entered the Society of Jesus at age 19 and, like many of his colleagues, spent his career doing ministry and teaching literature, theology, and philosophy. The list of Grandami's publications is comparatively short, made up of only nine entries with possible duplication of the same works under different titles. All of those works are technical in nature and, with the exception of the present work, they belong to the 1660s, the last decade in the author's life, when he was living at the Collège de Clermont in Paris. While chronology remained Grandami's main focus of interest throughout his career, he desired to educate the public on matters of pure science in relation to celestial phenomena. This resulted in the publication, in the years 1664-66, of three French-language booklets aimed at the growing audience of people who could read fluently their native French but did not know Latin. One of these dealt with two eclipses observed in 1666: first, the partial lunar eclipse of 16 June 1666, and second, the hybrid solar eclipse of 2 July 1666. The other two tracts dealt with the comets of 1664 and 1665. Although Grandami's views on the nature of comets were essentially Aristotelian, whereas Aristotle regarded comets as a product of sublunar exhalations, for Grandami they belonged in the heavenly regions located beyond the Moon. But Grandami was not ready to contemplate the notion that there might be fire burning in the heavens. Ronalds, p. 208; Wheeler Gift 122. Baldwin, 'Magnetism and the anti-Copernican polemic,' Journal for the History of Astronomy 16 (1985), pp. 155-74). Pumfrey, 'Magnetical philosophy and astronomy 1600-1650,' pp. 45-53 in Planetary astronomy from the Renaissance to the rise of astrophysics. Part A: Tycho Brahe to Newton, 1989. 4to, pp. [viii], 170 (recte 160), with additional engraved allegorical frontispiece by F. Rousseuille, seven engraved plates (comprising nine figures), one folding, and 24 engravings in the text (two repeated from one plate); occasional light marginal dampstaining and a few spots, a very good copy in contemporary vellum.

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        Histoire de l'exécution de Cabrières et de Mérindol, et d'autres lieux de Provence, particulièrement déduite dans le plaidoyé qu'en fit l'an 1551 par le commandement du roi Henry II & comme son advocat général en cette cause, Jacques Aubery, lieutenant civil au Châtelet de Paris. ... Ensemble une relation particulière de ce qui se passa aux cinquante audiances de la cause de Mérindol.

      Paris, Cramoisy, 1645. ____ Première édition en français. Une partie de ce texte (en 23 pages seulement) avait été publié en latin en 1619. C'est un plaidoyer pour les Vaudois massacrés en 1545, à Mérindol et Cabrières et autres villages du Lubéron et de la basse Durance. Un épouvantable massacre, dirigé par le président du parlement d'Aix, Meynier d'Oppéde. Plus de trois mille personnes avaient été tués et une vingtaine de villages entièrement détruits. Cette "croisade" mit fin à la présence du valdéisme en France. Rare. Cachets de bibliothèque. Bel exemplaire. *****. In-4. [234 x 172 mm] Collation : (32), 230, (1) pp. Vélin souple. (Reliure de l'époque.).

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        Two ordinances of the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament:

      4to., 8pp., title printed within border of type ornaments, generally a very good large copy with good margins, well bound in late 19th century red quarter morocco over marbled boards, spine gilt lettered, by Palmer & Howe of Manchester.Publisher: London, John Wright.Year: 1645Edition: First edition.

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        La Resurrezione di Lazzaro (1645), (Genova 1620 ? 1676).

      1645. Acquaforte originale ( mm.112 x 213), piccolo margine bianco oltre la battuta del rame. Firma incisa in basso a sinistra "Salvatore Cas. Genova 1645". Raffigura il Cristo, Lazzaro al risveglio, otto spettatori stupiti del miracolo. Salvatore fu fratello minore di Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione, del quale seguì la carriera artistica. La sua attività è documentata unicamente dalla presente rara incisione, il cui rame é conservato nella Calcografia nazionale di Roma. Ottima prova con filigrana "giglio in cerchio sormontato da corona ducale".

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        I QUATTRO ELEMENTI

      1645. acquaforte esemplari freschi e molto marginosi Quattro incisioni con le allegorie degli Elementi Naturali. Abraham Bosse è considerato tra i più grandi maestri incisori francesci del XVII sec. Membro dell‘Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, è l'autore del Traité des manières de graver en taille douce del 1645, e del Traité des manières de dessiner les ordres de l’architecture antique del 1665

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        Histoire de l'exécution de Cabrières et de Mérindol, et d'autres lieux de Provence, particulièrement déduite dans le plaidoyé qu'en fit l'an 1551 par le commandement du roi Henry II & comme son advocat général en cette cause, Jacques Aubery, lieutenant civil au Châtelet de Paris. ... Ensemble une relation particulière de ce qui se passa aux cinquante audiances de la cause de Mérindol.

      Paris, Cramoisy, 1645. ____ Première édition en français. Une partie de ce texte (en 23 pages seulement) avait été publié en latin en 1619. C'est un plaidoyer pour les Vaudois massacrés en 1545, à Mérindol et Cabrières et autres villages du Lubéron et de la basse Durance. Un épouvantable massacre, dirigé par le président du parlement d'Aix, Meynier d'Oppéde. Plus de trois mille personnes avaient été tués et une vingtaine de villages entièrement détruits. Cette "croisade" mit fin à la présence du valdéisme en France. Rare. Cachets de bibliothèque. Bel exemplaire. *****. In-4. [234 x 172 mm] Collation : (32), 230, (1) pp. Vélin souple. (Reliure de l'époque.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        L'aventurier Buscon, histoire facetieuse. [ensemble] Les visions

      De l'imprimerie d'Arnoud Cotinet. New edition, probably the third, after the 1635 and the 1644. Missing title page of Visions, but we believe that publishing is also 1645. Translation by De la Geneste. Letters knight of espargne follow Buscon. Full Calf frozen contemporary (perhaps XVIII). Smooth back decorated. Part of title in red morocco. Print rather poor quality (the usual kind in Rouen), thus having freckles and pale yellow paper. Copy cropped short. First page of Visions restored margin. The France will not ultimately full justice to this great writer of the Spanish Golden Century, overshadowed by the success of Don Quixote, a contemporary of his work; work as characterized by burlesque and satire in a language perfectly and virtuoso baroque; maybe this chiseled language and mastered it is the cause of his difficult approach in France, but also in his own country. His best known work remains the picaresque novel Don Pablo de Segovia (The adventurer Buscon), irresistibly funny, sometimes bordering deliciously with vulgarity, but always maintained a style. Visions seem even more confusing by their audacity, the biting irony, besides reading quite diflicult because of the many instances of overlapping speech. --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! De l'imprimerie d'Arnoud Cotinet à Paris 1645 Pet. in 8 (10x16cm) 358pp. ; (14) 381 relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        [Kitab al-Zij]. Mahometis Albatenii de Scientia Stellarum Liber cum aliquot additionibus Joannis Regiomontani ex Bibliotheca Vaticana transcriptus.

      Bologna: Typis Haeredis Victorii Benatii, 1645. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 4to (223 x 160 mm). [16], 228, [4] pp., including half-title, fine engraved frontispiece with Medici arms by Coriolano, errata and imprimatur/colophon leaves at end, the latter with large printer's device. Numerous woodcut astronomical diagrams in text. Text within ruled borders throughout. Contemporary full vellum, spine titled in manuscript (covers faintly bowed). Internally very clean and crisp with no signs of spotting or markings. Provenance: Lieutenant Rafe? (illegible inscription to front pastedown, dated 1817). An outstanding copy of a rare and important work. ----DSB I, pp.507-16; Riccardi II, 288. First separate edition of al-Battani's "great work on astronomy, ... among the most excellent in Islamic astronomy" (DSB). Al-Battani (858-929 A.D.) holds a place of honour among Islamic astronomers and historians. This is his principal work, the Kitab al-Zij, translated into Latin as De Scientia Stellarum by Plato of Tivoli in the first half of the twelfth century, on which his fame in both the East and West rests. He tested many of Ptolemy's results by fresh observations, and obtained more accurate values of the obliquity of the ecliptic and of precession. He improved the moon's mean motion in longitude, used signs and cosines, and introduced new and elegant solutions into spherical trigonometry. He measured the apparent diameters of the sun and moon and their variation, and concluded that annular solar eclipses must be possible. The indebtedness of Copernicus to al-Battani is well known, he is frequently quoted by Tycho Brahe and Riccioli, and his observations were of interest to Kepler and Galileo. The De Scientia Stellarum was first published in 1537 with Alfragani's Rudimenta astronomica. The present edition was the only other edition until Nallino's superb scholarly edition of 1899. Near Fine.

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Astronomia philolaica. Opus novum, in quo motus planetarum per novam ac veram hypothesim demonstrantur.

      Paris: Simeonis Piget, 1645. The Inverse-Square Law of Attraction. First edition, very rare, of "the first treatise after Kepler's Rudolphine Tables to take elliptical orbits as a basis for calculating planetary tables" (The Cambridge Companion to Newton), and the first astronomy work to state that the planetary moving force "should vary inversely as the square of the distance--and not, as Kepler had held, inversely as the first power" (Boyer in DSB). "The Astronomia philolaica represents the most significant treatise between Kepler and Newton and it was praised by Newton in his Principia, particularly for the inverse square hypothesis and its accurate tables." (O'Connor & Robertson, MacTutor History of Mathematics). Boulliau (1605-94), settled in Paris in 1633, just as the Galilean storm broke. Although a Catholic, he joined his friend Gassendi in support of Galileo and Boulliau soon found himself squarly in the Copernican camp. "In 1645 Boulliau published his most significant scientific work, a more accomplished heliocentric treatise entitled Astronomia philolaica. He had now become one of the very few astronomers to accept the ellipticity of orbits... (DSB). "He claimed that if a planetary moving force existed then it should vary inversely as the square of the distance (Kepler had claimed the first power): 'As for the power by which the Sun seizes or holds the planets, and which, being corporeal, functions in the manner of hands, it is emitted in straight lines throughout the whole extent of the world, and like the species of the Sun, it turns with the body of the Sun; now, seeing that it is corporeal, it becomes weaker and attenuated at a greater distance or interval, and the ratio of its decrease in strength is the same as in the case of light, namely, the duplicate proportion, but inversely, of the distances that is, 1/d2. ... There is one aspect of Boulliau's philosophy which is well worth commenting on - namely the fact that he believed in simple explanations and moreover he wanted many different observed properties to result from a single cause. He did not achieve his aim, that would be achieved by Newton, but at least he set the scene for such developments." (O'Connor & Robertson). Sotheran's I:500 ("This important work according to Newton first mentions the sun's attraction, which decreases in inverse proportion to its distance"); Favaro, Bibliografia Galileiana #205. Folio (364 x 233 mm), contemporary full calf, raised bands and richly gilt spine (hinges, capitals, and corners with almost invisible leather restoration), pp [1-2] 3-22 [26:part titles]; 469 [1:blank]; 232 [tables], title with some light creasing, old inscriptinon to title, a fine and clean copy. Very rare.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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        Ebrietatis Infamia. Gründlicher Bericht Von der schändlichen und hochschädlichen Sünde der Trunckenheit/ Oder des Zu- und Vollsauffens. In zweyen Theilen. I. Zwo Christliche Predigten hievon/ Gehalten in der Kirchen zu S. Augustini in Gotha/ Und hernach/ auff Fürstlichen Gnädigen Befehl/ weiter ausgeführet. II. Denckwürdige Zeugnisse hievon/ unterschiedlicher/ so wol KirchenLehrer/ als auch Politischer Schrifften/ [et]c. mit etlichen beygefügten notis und Erklärungen / Verfasset und zusammen getragen.

      Gotha, Schall 1645.. 8 Bll., 200 S., 42 S., 1 Bl. Ohne Einband, Rücken mit altem Papierstreifen. 4°. VD17 39:105433V. - Salomon Glaß (1593-1656) war Professor der Theologie und seit 1640 Generalsuperintendent und Konsistorialassessor in Gotha. - Der Anhang mit lateinischem Text. - Etwas fleckig. Letztes Blatt verso mit Namenstempel.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Relation de la province du Japon.Including: BARRETTO, Francesco. Relation des missions de la province de Malabar, de la comp: de Jesus. Tournay, Adrien Quinqué, 1645. Small 8vo (14.5×9 cm). Contemporary limp sheepskin parchment, later endpapers.

      - Alt-Japan-Katalog 278 (1 copy); Cordier, Japonica, col. 360; WorldCat (5 copies); cf. Lach & Van Kley III, pp. 379-380. Rare first edition of the French translation of an important Jesuit account of the Far East by Antonio Francesco Cardim and an important account of the Malabar region in India by Francesco Barretto. Originally published in Italian, also in 1645, they here published together, translated by François Lahier.Although the title of Cardim's work might suggest it discusses only Japan, it is especially important for its extensive accounts of Thailand and Vietnam, among the earliest we have, and also describes St. Paul's College in Macau, China, the first Western University in the Far East, where Cardim served as rector from 1632 to 1636. It covers the history, religions (notably Buddhism) and customs of the regions. Barretto's account of Malabar "begins with a brief but informative discussion of conditions in Malabar, followed by a review of affairs in the missions to the St. Thomas Christians and to Cochin, Ceylon, Jaffna, Madura, Mannar, the Coromandel coast, and Bengal" (Lach & Van Kley). With some mostly minor and marginal water stains in the last quires, more serious in the last few leaves, leading to some damage and an old restoration in the last leaf with no loss of text. Binding a bit soiled and slightly wrinkled. Still a good copy of a rare work on the Far East and India.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        I QUATTRO ELEMENTI

      XVII sec. - Quattro incisioni con le allegorie degli Elementi Naturali. Abraham Bosse ? considerato tra i pi?? grandi maestri incisori francesci del XVII sec. Membro dellâ??Acad? mie royale de peinture et de sculpture, ? l'autore del Trait? des mani? res de graver en taille douce del 1645, e del Trait? des mani? res de dessiner les ordres de lâ??architecture antique del 1665 esemplari freschi e molto marginosi

      [Bookseller: libreria minerva]
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        A sermon of the baptizing of infants; preached in the Abbey-Church at Westminster, at the morning lecture, appointed by the honorable House of Commons.

      London: Pr. by Richard Cotes for Stephen Bowtell, 1645. 4to (19 cm, 7.5"). [4], 61, [1] pp. Second edition, following the first of the previous year. Marshall was a prominent member of the Westminster Assembly, one of the most influential preachers to Parliament of his time, and a prolific sermonizer. He engaged with John Geree over their respective positions on infant baptism, with Geree's Vindiciae paedo-baptismi written partially in response to the present anti-Baptist sermon.    Uncommon: ESTC, WorldCat, Wing, and NUC Pre-1956 find only six U.S. holdings, one of which has been deaccessioned.         Wing (rev. ed.) M775; McAlpin, II, 361; ESTC R211892 & R31210. On Marshall, see: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online. Recent marbled paper wrappers. Title-page institutionally pressure-stamped, with outer and upper margins darkened by offsetting from sometime binding; first few leaves with corners bumped. Based on the signatures, either a half-title or a license leaf is lacking, but this collation matches that reported by ESTC.

      [Bookseller: Philadelphia Rare Books & Manuscripts Co]
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        Regiones sub Polo Artico".

      - Kupferstich-Karte von Wilhelm Blaeu, Amsterdam ca. 1645, altkoloriert mit feiner Goldhöhung. 41 x 53 cm. Faltstellen geglättet, Bug im Zentrum hinterlegt. Burden, The Mapping of North America, No. 252, state 2, S. 321f. mit Abb. Mit Gold und Silber gehöht, möglicherweise ein Dirk Jansz Van Santen-Kolorit. Zweiter und letzter Zustand dieser Karte mit der 1645 hinzugefügten Dedikation (mit Wappen) am linken Rand. Ebenfalls hinzugefügt wurde der Name von Johannes Blaeu. Kein Rückentext. Nach Burden handelt es sich bei den Ausgaben ohne Rückentext um Abzüge, die nach der Versteigerung der erhaltenen Kupferstich-Platten am 20. April 1677 abgezogen wurden. Decorative map of the North Pole, including Arctic North America, Scandinavia, and northern Asia, with wonderful cartouches and decorative coat of arms. First published in 1638, here the second and final state with the dedication cartouche and of Johannes Blaeu's name at the center left, which were added in 1645. Very fine heightened with gold, probably by Dirk Jansz Van Santen (1637/38-1708).

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Peter Fritzen]
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        Tetrachordon: Expositions Upon The foure chief places inScripture, which treat of Mariage, or nullities in Mariage. . Wherin the doctrine andDiscipline of Divorce, as was lately publish'd, is confirm'd by explanation of Scripture,by testimony of ancient Fathers, of civil lawes in the Primitive Church, of famousestReformed Divines, And lastly, by an intended Act of the Parlament and Church of England inthe last yeare of Edward the Sixth. By the former Author J.M.

      London. Printed in theyeare 1645. - 4to, 18x 14cm, (in 4s), trimmed, the First Edition, [viii],40,37-98p., infull recent brown calf, two raised bands, black ruled borders on the spine and boards tiedover the hinges, and black ruled borders on the dentelles, gilt titles along the spine,top margins trimmed into the header and page numbers in some case, rare. (cgc) JohnMilton, (1608-1674). Shocked at his wife's desertion in 1643, after just thirty days ofmarriage, responded with the publication of several pamphlets protesting the marriage lawregarding divorce. In 1643, he anonymously published The Doctrine and Discipline ofDivorce, Restored to the good Sexes from the Bondage of Canon Law and Mistakes and in1644, The Judgement of Martin Bucer concerning Divorce. These were received with extremepublic, church and government condemnation which led to his publishing "Tetrachorden". TheTetrachordonis so-called because it treats four passages from Scripture (Genesis,Deuteronomy, Matthew, and First Corinthians), synthesizing them into a defence of divorce.In this, Milton replies vehemently to both lay and clerical antagonists. Wing M-2184.Coleridge 67. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: J. Patrick McGahern Books Inc. (ABAC)]
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        WORMS/ Rhein: Gesamtansicht

      - um 1645, Kupferstich, 21x67 cm -*- ALTE ORIGINAL-GRAPHIK UND STÄDTEANSICHTEN DEUTSCHLAND

      [Bookseller: ANTIQUARIAT MURR BAMBERG]
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        SCLAVONIA, CROATIA, BOSNIA CUM DALMATIAE PARTE (MAP, 1645)

      Amsterdam: Blaeu, 1645. Map. Very Good. Hand-colored copper-engraving of Eastern Europe, depicting "Sclavonia, Croatia, Bosnia cum Dalmatiae Parte" and showing the Danube River and its tributaries across the Balkans and "the political divisions of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia and Dalmatia". At the top of the map are, respectively, the brilliantly-colored coats of arms of The Venetian Republic, The Hapsburg Monarchy, and The Ottoman Empire. Mercator's cartouche is in top right corner, below which are two distance gauges -- German and Italian -- and a ship in the lower left corner, in the Golfo Di Venetia (Gulf of Venice). Vertical fold (as called for). Some faint, thin bleed-through "trails" to text-side from hand-coloring on map side, and presence of 7 3-inch pieces of tape to edges reveals most likely, matting and mounting at some point in its history. Edited by Willem Janszoon Blaeu, using the original cartographic projections of Gerard Mercator. "Sclavonia, Croatia, Bosnia cum Dalmatiae Parte" shows the Danube River and its tributaries across the Balkans and delineates "the political divisions of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia and Dalmatia". At the top of the map are, respectively, the brilliantly-colored coats of arms of The Venetian Republic, The Hapsburg Monarchy, and The Ottoman Empire. Mercator's cartouche in top right corner, below which are two distance gauges -- German and Italian -- and a ship in the lower left corner, in the Golfo Di Venetia (Gulf of Venice). Vertical fold (as called for). Some faint, thin bleed-through "trails" to text-side from hand-coloring on map side, and presence of 3-inch pieces of tape to edges reveals most likely, matting and mounting at some point in its history. Blaeu was a well-known Dutch cartographer and Atlas maker/publisher who lived from 1571-1638. After his death his two sons Johannes (Joan, 1596-1673) and Cornelis carried on their father's business until the family print house was destroyed by fire in 1672. This particular map is included in Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive Atlas Novus in quo Tabulæ et Descriptiones Omnium Regionum (Theater of the World, or a New Atlas of Maps and Representations of All Regions -- 1645). In 1632, Willem Jansz. Blaeu published, in two volumes, his Atlas Novus (New World Atlas) in Latin, Dutch, German and French (the text on the back of this map being in French). After Willem's death and the assumption of the business by his sons, this atlas was expanded to six volumes, then to a dozen.

      [Bookseller: Aardvark Books / Ezra The Bookfinder, AB]
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        Closter St. Veit, nechst Neyenmarckh

      Artist: Wening Michael ( -1718) München; issued in: Münchenca1710 1645 - - technic: Copper print ; colorit: colored ; condition: Very good ; size in cm : 26 x 69 - description: View of the monastery St. Veit in Bavaria, ca. 70 km away from Munich

      [Bookseller: Antique Sommer& Sapunaru KG]
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        SCLAVONIA, CROATIA, BOSNIA CUM DALMATIAE PARTE (MAP, 1645)

      Amsterdam: Blaeu, 1645. Map. Very Good. Hand-colored copper-engraving of Eastern Europe, depicting "Sclavonia, Croatia, Bosnia cum Dalmatiae Parte" and showing the Danube River and its tributaries across the Balkans and "the political divisions of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia and Dalmatia". At the top of the map are, respectively, the brilliantly-colored coats of arms of The Venetian Republic, The Hapsburg Monarchy, and The Ottoman Empire. Mercator's cartouche is in top right corner, below which are two distance gauges -- German and Italian -- and a ship in the lower left corner, in the Golfo Di Venetia (Gulf of Venice). Vertical fold (as called for). Some faint, thin bleed-through "trails" to text-side from hand-coloring on map side, and presence of 7 3-inch pieces of tape to edges reveals most likely, matting and mounting at some point in its history. Edited by Willem Janszoon Blaeu, using the original cartographic projections of Gerard Mercator. "Sclavonia, Croatia, Bosnia cum Dalmatiae Parte" shows the Danube River and its tributaries across the Balkans and delineates "the political divisions of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia and Dalmatia". At the top of the map are, respectively, the brilliantly-colored coats of arms of The Venetian Republic, The Hapsburg Monarchy, and The Ottoman Empire. Mercator's cartouche in top right corner, below which are two distance gauges -- German and Italian -- and a ship in the lower left corner, in the Golfo Di Venetia (Gulf of Venice). Vertical fold (as called for). Some faint, thin bleed-through "trails" to text-side from hand-coloring on map side, and presence of 3-inch pieces of tape to edges reveals most likely, matting and mounting at some point in its history. Blaeu was a well-known Dutch cartographer and Atlas maker/publisher who lived from 1571-1638. After his death his two sons Johannes (Joan, 1596-1673) and Cornelis carried on their father's business until the family print house was destroyed by fire in 1672. This particular map is included in Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive Atlas Novus in quo Tabulæ et Descriptiones Omnium Regionum (Theater of the World, or a New Atlas of Maps and Representations of All Regions -- 1645). In 1632, Willem Jansz. Blaeu published, in two volumes, his Atlas Novus (New World Atlas) in Latin, Dutch, German and French (the text on the back of this map being in French). After Willem's death and the assumption of the business by his sons, this atlas was expanded to six volumes, then to a dozen.

      [Bookseller: Aardvark Books / Ezra The Bookfinder, AB]
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        The works of the late most excellent Philosopher and Astronomer Sir George Wharton...collected into one Volume. - (1683) -

      ( Erste Ausgabe ) Sammelband herausgegeben von J.Gadbury mit Schriften George Whartons. XXX ( Preface & content ) und 662 ( von 670 ) Seiten mit 1 ganseitigen Holzschnittafel ( Chiromancy ) und 20 im Text gedruckten Holzschnitten zur Chiromantie ( Handlesekunst) sowie einigen Tabellen. Zeigenössischer Ganzlederband mit farbigem Rückenschildchen, 8. Inhalt (u.a.): Fast and Festivals of the Jews and Christians / Apotelesma or the nativity of the world (incl.Planets,Eclipses,Aequation of time etc.),Names+Genus+ Species of Comets,Cabal of the 12 Houses, Astrological Judgement (1645),Bellum Hybernical (1647),Merlini Anglici errata (1647),Gesta Britannorum (1657),Rothmans Art of Divining by the lines&signatures engraven in the hand of man...(1652) engl. by G.Wharton. etc. Der schöne Einband berieben, Deckel beschädigt, aber intakt. Frontispiz vorn ( mit dem Porträt Whartons ) wie auch die letzten Seiten 673-670 fehlen. Innen Besitzvermerke und einige handschriftliche Notizen und Anstriche von alter Hand. Papier gebräunt, mit einigen Flecken, einige Seiten angestaubt. Wenige Seiten eingerissen, einige Seiten eselsohrig.Titelblatt sowie S.513-515 und Seiten 6661-662 leicht beschädigt und dadurch bedingtem kleinen Textverlust. Die Abbildungen zur Handlesekunst in ordentlichem Zustand. - sehr selten -( Pic erhältlich / webimage available )

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Friederichsen]
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        Europae I. Monarchia Solipsorum. Ad virum clarissimun. Leonem Allatium

      Venetiis 1645 - pergamino bien conservado con lomo rotulado 6 páginas manuscritas como índice alfabético personal. . 150 págs.

      [Bookseller: LIBRERIA ANTICUARIA EPOPEYA]
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        Kupferstich - Karte, aus einem Atlas von Christophe Tassin, "Description de la terre Vniverselle".

      - um 1645, 12,5 x 19,2 Rare! Not in Shirley, but compare Shirley Nr. 359 and 399, they are very similar maps. But this map has no publisher, and the 2. titel is not printed - Die Weltkarte in 2 Hemisphären. Californien als Insel.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        Das Zeitläufftige Kriegs-Spiel Christlicher und unchristl. Potentaten Oder Curiöses Staats-Gespräch von Dem grossen Kriegs-Spiel der jetzigen Welt.

      Tit., 81 S. HPrgt. Kl.-4. VD17 3:003421N Apponyi II, 1191: "Handelt meist über den Krieg in Ungarn, die Ursachen des bisherigen Misslingens der Einnahme von Ofen etc. In Dialogform, nicht ohne Interesse" Zedler XXXIV, Sp. 950 vermutet den Rechtsgelehrten Carl Scharschmid (1645-1717) als Verfasser. - Gutes Exemplar!

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Amtsbuch: Manuale. Über (?) / Christoph Strauben / Landtamanß (Landammann) der / Herschaft Rötten- / berg. (Rettenberg) / Vom Spittal Sontho / ven (Sonthofen / Fluhenstein) / De Dato 12. January 1645 / biß ?? 1646.

      Rettenberg, Christoph Strauben, 1645 / 1646 ca 31,5 (H) x 10 cm. Tintenbeschriebene Original-Rechnungs-Handschrift als Jahresabschluß aus dem Jahre 1646, auf insgesamt 24 gefteten Doppelblättern (48 SS:) getrennt nach Einnahmen ("Einnemmen": Verkauf unterschiedlicher Getreidesorten: Roggen, Haberer, Gerster etc.), "Einnemmen Gellt" etc., diese bis etwa zur Hälfte, und Ausgaben ("Außgeben"), auf den letzten Seiten schließlich eine Gegenrechnung mit der hieraus vom Landtamman dem Spital geschuldeten Betrag. Die einzelnenTransaktionen sind untereinander aufgelistet. Die erste Umschlagseite ist gleichzeitig Titelblatt, die ersten Wörter haben verzierte Anfangsbuchstaben. Die Handschrift ist fadengebunden und mit einem graubraunem Papierstreifen, der in das Titelblatt etwas unregelmäßig hineinragt, am Rücken überklebt. - Das Titelblatt ist etwas stärker angestaubt und in der unteren unbeschrienbenen Hälfte stärker fleckig, im Inhalt sind 5 Bll. an unterer Ecke etwas wasserrandig, die oberen Ecken weisen einen durchgängigen Bug auf und sind tls. eselsohrig. 2. Bll. haben einen kleineren Eck-Abriß bzw.-Ausriß (kein Textverlust). An hinterem unbeschrifteten Ujmschlagblatt befindet sich noch ein augeklebter papierrestDer Inhalt der Handschrift ist nur wenig fleckig und noch erstaunlich frisch, und - von den beschriebenen Mängeln abgesehen - noch gut erhalten. - Original-Handschrift von 1646 mit vorhandenem Wasserzeichen, das aber nicht entschlüsselt werden konnte (Krone mit Reichsapfel?). - SW: Amtsbuch. Rechnungsbuch. Handschrift. Pflegamt Rettenberg. Hochstift Augsburg. Spital Sonthofen. 17. Jahrhundert. Vollständig überlieferte Rechnung.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Faust2000]
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        Ansicht der Stadt von Südosten in der Vogelschau. Siehe Foto, unter Schrägschnitt - Passepatout.

      Originallithographie nach C. Liebner, von Böhme gestochen( Lithograph). Schönes, sauberes Blatt unter Passepartout ( 33 x 62 cm). Im Vordergrund der Grossbosische Galten, Capar Bose (1645 - 1700). SELTEN !!! MwSt 7% Wenn Sie weitere Bilder wünschen, schreiben Sie uns eine Email, wir schicken Ihnen dann die gewünschten Motive zu.

      [Bookseller: BerlinAntiquariat]
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        A new map of North America with the West India Islands, South half. Grenzkolor. Teil-Kupferstichkarte von E.F. Kino (aus 'A new universal atlas' bei Laurie & Whittle. London), um 1795. 50,5 x 58,5 cm.

      Westlicher Teil einer von 2 Platten gedruckten Amerika-Karte. Zeigt Mexiko von St. Barbara bis zur Costa Rica.- Mit kleiner Insetkarte von Californien.- Eusebio Francisco Kino (Segno 1645 - 1711 Magdalena de Kino) war ein Missionar der Jesuiten. Seine Tätigkeit führte ihn nach Mexiko und den Südwesten der USA. Er entdeckte, daß Kalifornien keine Insel ist.- Vereinzelt minimale Wurmlöcher.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Daniel Schramm e.K.]
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        Radier-Büchlein / Handelt von der Etzkunst / Nemlich: Wie man mit Scheidwasser in Kupffer etzen / das Wasser / wie auch den harten und weichen Etzgrund machen solle Daneben Kurtzer Beschreibung / wie die Kupfferplatten abzudrucken die Drucker-Presse zu machen/und was man sonsten darbey in acht zu nehmen hat.

      Erstmals durch Abraham Bosse, berühmten Kupfferstechern zu Paris / in Französischer Sprache beschrieben / Anietzo aber zum Drittenmahl / auf Begehren vieler Liebhaber in Teutscher Sprach heraus gegeben und vermehret: Sampt einer Zugabe / von der Herold-Mahl- und Reiß-Kunst / mit darzugehörigen Figuren durch Georg Andream Böcklern. 10 Bll., 201(7) S. Mit gest. Frontisp., 18 Kupfertaf., 1 Textkupfer u. zahlr. Vign. sowie Initialen. HLn.-Bd. d. 19. Jhdts. Anfangs u. Schnitt mit durchgeh. kl. Braunfleck. VD 17 3:606080Y Graesse I, 501 Ornamenstichkat., Bln. 4652 - Das klassische Werk über Kupferstich- u. Radierkunst in der dritten deutschen Augabe von Georg Andreas Böckler. Erschien erstmals 1645 in Paris: "Traicte des manieres de graver en taille douce"

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Burgverlag]
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        The Philosophicall Touch-stone: or observations upon Sir Kenelm Digbie's Discourses of the nature of bodies, and of the reasonable soule

      Printed for James Young . sold by Charles Green, London 1645 - (7 1/2 x 5 1/2 inches). [16], 131, [1]pp. Contemporary manuscript annotations on verso of the Privilege leaf. Early twentieth century half red morocco and marbled paper covered boards, spine with raised bands in five compartments, lettered in gilt in the second, the others with a repeat decoration Provenance: William Watts (signature and Latin inscription dated 1645, indicating the volume to have been a gift of the author); Charles W. Burr (bookplate) First edition of an early English discussion of atomism. With the 1644 publication of Digby's Two Treatises , Gassendian and Cartesian atomism was introduced into England. In the present work, Scottish chaplain and writer Alexander Ross refutes Digby's view, restating Aristotelian arguments. This copy evidently a presentation from the author to William Watts (1590-1649), chaplain to Prince Rupert and noted scholar and linguist. Wing R1979. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA)]
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        Die Fürst: Statt Stuetgart. Gesamtansicht.

      - Kupferstich v. Matth. Merian, um 1645, 21,5 x 32,5 cm. Oben rechts dekorative Wappenkartusche. Unten rechts kleine Kartusche mit Nenunnung der Hauptgebäude: Das Fürstliche Schloss, Fürstl. Stall, Kanzlei, Fürstl. Lustgarten, das Alte und Neue Lusthaus, Grotten und Wasserkünste, Stiftskirche, Rathaus, Spitalkirche, Esslinger Vorstadt und St. Leonhardskirche. - Besonders dekoratives Blatt ! JPEG-Bilder auf Anfrage möglich. Stuttgart.: Die Fuerst: Statt Stuetgart [The princely town of Stuttgart]. General view. Copperplate engraving by M. Merian, ca. 1645, 21.5 x 32.5 cm. JPEG pictures upon request. Half bird's eye view of the centre of Stuttgart surrounded by the city wall. In the upper right cartouche with coat of arms. In the right at the bottom names of buildings: Princely castle and garden with its fountains, Collegiate church, Spitalkirche, Church S. Leonhard and city hall. Very decorative sheet !

      [Bookseller: Gertraud Bracker]
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        Iconologia

      Cristoforo Tomasini, 1645. Vol. unico, in 8°, pp. 68n.n.+686, leg. mezzapelle con piatti marmorizzati, piatti e dorso screpolati, tagli rossi, bellissime xilografie n.t.. Bellissimo libro che tratta in tre libri di "immagini di virtù, vitij, affetti, passioni humane, arti, discipline, humori, elementi, corpi celesti, provincie d'Italia, fiumi e altre materie infinite utili ad ogni stato di persone", pagine brunite.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Credula Postero]
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        Les Éloges de tous les premiers Présidens du Parlement de Paris, depuis qu'il a esté rendu sédentaire iusque à présent. Ensemble leurs généalogies, épithaphes, armes et blazons en taille douce. Suivi de: Les présidens à mortier du Parlement de Paris. Leurs emplois, charges, qualitez, armes, blasons & généalogies : depuis l'an 1331 jusques à présent. Ensemble un catalogue de tous les conseillers selon l'ordre des temps et de leurs réceptions : enrichy du blason de leurs armes, et de plusieurs remarques concernans leurs familles.

      Paris, Cardin Besongne, 1645 et 1647. Deux ouvrages en un volume in-folio: I) frontispice d'une allégorie de la Justice gravé d'après Stella, 2 feuillets et 95 pages avec les blasons gravés des présidents; II) 6 feuillets préliminaires, 502 pages, 132 pages de catalogue de tous les conseillers du parlement de Paris (sans le frontispice du second ouvrage annoncé par Saffroy mais qui est le même que le premier). Veau brun d'époque, dos à nerfs orné de fleurons, double filet doré d'encadrement sur les plats, petites armes sur les plats et supra-libris dans un angle: de La Phalecque (réparation ancienne du dos qui est replaqué, page de garde changées). Saffroy précise que l'on trouve dans le premier ouvrage des documents non négligeables, et que celui de Blanchard sur les présidents au mortier, dont c'est la première édition, lui est souvent joint. Exemplaire aux armes de La Phalecque (Nord). Saffroy, 25098 et 25099.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Bertran]
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        Kupferstich - Karte, v. Blaeu, "Regiones sub Polo Arctico".

      - mit altem Grenzkolorit, um 1645, 41 x 53 Oben mittig dek. Titelkartusche, rechts unten Meilenanzeiger.- Zeigt die Polargegend mit dem nördl. Kanada, Grönland, Island, Lappland und dem nördl. Russland.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        Spadacrene hoc est fons Spadanus, accuratissime descriptus, acidas bibendi modus, medicamina oxipotis necessaria, et observationum medicarum oppido rararum liber unicus. Editio correctior, et auctior cum indice.

      Leyde, Adrianus Wyngaerden et Franciscus Moiardus, 1645 ; in-12 ; plein vélin ivoire rigide, titre manuscrit au dos (reliure de l'époque) ; (1) f. blanc, (22), 159, (15) pp. (index) ; (8), 254, (23) pp., (1 bl.), (2) ff. blancs. Rare. Ouvrage bien complet des deux parties, la seconde s'intitule : Observationum Medicarum Oppido rararum in Spa et Leodii animadversarum liber unicus.Très bel exemplaire de ce livre célèbre sur les eaux de Spa.Né vers 1570, Henri Heers était natif de Tongres en Belgique ; on sait qu'il avait acquis une grande connaissance de la philosophie, des mathématiques et de la médecine et qu'il voyagea beaucoup en Allemagne, Espagne et France, mais on ignore où il prit son bonnet de médecin. Il exerça la médecine depuis au moins 1605 et resta plus de 30 ans le médecin des princes Ernest et Ferdinand de Bavière, électeurs de Cologne ; il demeurait à Liège et allait chaque année faire une cure à Spa, ce qui explique sa connaissance approfondie de ces eaux et de leur indication thérapeutique. Il serait mort vers 1636. (Dezeimeris, T.III, 1ere partie, p.83 ; Vander Linden -éd. 1662, p.237-238 ; absent de Waller).

      [Bookseller: Librairie Ancienne Clagahé]
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        Delle rivolutioni di Catalogna descritte da Luca Assarino. Libri due dove pienamente si narrano le origini e le cagioni di tutte le turbolenze in quella provincia succedute dal principio del regnare di Filippo IV ...

      Per Gio. Maria Farroni, 1645. In 4, pp. (8) + 274 + (12). Antica firma d'appartenenza alla sguardia. Piena pergamena coeva con dorso rifatto e mancanze ai tagli. Edizione perfettamente corrispondente all'originale ma con data 1645 invece di 1644. Con data 1645 esiste la seconda edizione ma in Venezia per  Monti e con differente numero di pagine. Evidentemente si tratta di una seconda tiratura della prima edizione con data differente. Luca Assarino, genovese seppure nato in Bolivia, fu storico di corte dei Savoia. Pubblico' un romanzo dalle forti implicazioni psicologiche: La Statonica, subito rieditoin diverse lingue. Anche questa storia delle guerre di Catalogna ebbe varie edizioni. Vinciana, I, 518. ITA

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Coenobium]
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        Dominium Venetum in Italia

      1645-66. Incisione in rame, mm 376x500, colore originale d'epoca ai confini. Ottimo esemplare con margini si soli cm 1/3 Tratta da Atlas novus sive Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, volume terzo.Janssonius, genero di Jodocus Hondius e cognato di Henricus Hondius, figlio di Jodocus, collaborò alla pubblicazione di atlanti, dopo l'acquisizione delle lastre di Mercatore da parte di Jodocus e dal 1638 fu in effetti colui che guidò l'impresa editoriale, mentre Henricus Hondius lentamente abbandonava l'attività (dal 1646 il suo nome non apparirà più su alcun frontespizio); divenne così il grande avversario della famiglia Blaeu nel secolo d'oro della cartografia olandese.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Perini s.a.s.]
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        Relaçam verdadeyra da jornada que fez Monsenhor Luis de Goth Marques do Royllac, Marichal de Campo, General das armadas nauaes de Sua Magestade Christianissima de ElRey de França, sobre os mares de Levante & Poente, decendente dos Condes soberanos de Lomanha. Na embaixada extraordinaria que trouxe em nome da Magestade Christianissima a ElRey Dom João o IV nosso senhor, que Deos guarde.

      Lisbon, por Paulo Craesbeeck, 1645. - 4°, recent antique sheep, spine gilt with raised bands in six compartments, crimson leather lettering piece, gilt letter, text-block edges rouged. Caption title. Woodcut initial. Overall in good to very good condition. (4 ll.). *** FIRST and ONLY EDITION of this rare description of the voyage to Portugal of a new ambassador from France. Details are given about the trip, the weather, landings, and shipboard life. Once arrived in Portugal, the ambassador, Louis de Goth, Marquis de Rouillac, stayed briefly at the Monastery of Belem before traveling to Lisbon, where he was introduced to the king and queen and many others, and exchanged gifts.King Louis XIII of France had signed a treaty of alliance with Portugal on June 1, 1641. The alliance was part of the diplomatic finagling involved in the Thirty Years' War, which began as a war between Catholics and Protestants, but widened into a battle between the Bourbons and Habsburgs: hence the French at this time supported rebellions in Catalonia and in Portugal. The War significantly affected the outcome of the Portuguese struggle for independence (the Restauração), since it prevented the King of Spain from directing his full military might against Portugal.*** Arouca R388. @Exposição bibliográfica da Restauração 1226. Martinho da Fonseca, @Restauração 328. Not in Trindade. Figanière 260. Palha 3208. Not in Innocêncio or Fonseca, @Pseudónimos. Not located in Coimbra, @Miscelâneas. Porbase locates one copy, at the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal. Copac repeats British Library. NUC: MH. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books]
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        Abraham and Isaac.

      1645 - Etching on laid paper. New Hollstein's first state (of two); 16 x 13 cm. Foxing and acidification with associated discolouration visible throughout sheet. The sheet has been trimmed down slightly but this has not affected print area. The paper is very soft and thin with some wrinkling throughout. There is a small tear to the upper left edge and a small loss to the lower left corner, the latter does not interrupt the printed area however. Print sheet is affixed to card mount along right edge. Mounted and framed. A beautiful etching by Rembrandt, who often depicted scenes from the Jewish Bible and had produced about three hundred etchings during his lifetime. The work relates to the Akedah (the ritual sacrifice) episode. Obvious tension is felt in this scene, where Abraham and Isaac seen stopped along their way to the site of the sacrifice and Isaac is seen asking his father where is the lamb for the offering. Abraham explains by pointing upwards with one hand, while clasping his heart with the other, that God will provide the lamb. Isaac listens obediently as he holds the bound wood for the offering. Copies of this work are held in the collection of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and in the National Gallery of Art collection in Washington. The New Hollstein Dutch & Flemish Etchings, Engravings and Woodcuts, 1450-1700. no. 224, i/ii.

      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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        1645 1ed Horlogiographie Illustrated Sundials Time Clocks Pierre Saint Madeline

      Paris : Chez Francois L'Anglois, 1645. - 1645 1ed Horlogiographie Illustrated Sundials Time Clocks Pierre Saint Madeline Extremely Rare & Illustrated with 78 Engravings! An incredible 17th-century work illustrated with 78 engravings including views of sundials, timepieces, clocks and more! Main author: Pierre de Sainte Marie Madelaine Title: Traitte d'horlogiographie contenant plusieurs manieres de construire, sur toutes surfaces, toutes sortes de lignes horaires et autres cercles de la sphere, avec quelques instrumens . plus la methode de couper en pierre ou en bois les corps reguliers . Published: Paris : Chez Francois L'Anglois, 1645. Language: French Notes & contents: • 1st edition • 78 incredible engravings + an engraved frontispiece of a castle with fields and sundials. • “J. de Beaufort” FREE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE Wear: wear as seen in photos Binding: tight and secure vellum binding Pages: complete with all 392 pages; plus indexes, prefaces, and such Publisher: Paris : Chez Francois L'Anglois, 1645. Size: ~6.5in X 4in (16.5cm x 10cm) FREE SHIPPING WORLDWIDE Shipping: Very Fast. Very Safe. Free Shipping Worldwide. Satisfaction Guarantee: Customer satisfaction is our first priority. Notify us within 7 days of receiving your item and we will offer a full refund guarantee without reservation. $1250 Photos available upon request. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Schilb Antiquarian]
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        De unicornu. Observationes novæ.

      typis Cribellianis, MDCXLV (1645). Rarissima edizione originale. Segue al frontespizio: Accesserunt de Aureo Cornu CL. V. Olai Wormii, Eruditorum Judicia. Opera illustrata da 10 incisioni su lastra anonime intercalate nel testo. Dall'Indice: De hominibus unicornibus. De bicornibus. Moysis cornua expenduntur. Numquid cornua morbis accensenda? Cornuum causae. Animantia minora unico cornu predita. Aves unicornes. De scarabeo Monocerote. De reptilibus unius cornu. Orygis etymon, & species. Orygis descriptio. De moribus Orygis. De occulta Orygis scientia. Pisces Monocerotes. De Unicornu Gronlandico. Boves Unicornes. Asini Monocerotis species. De eiusdem cornu virtute. Solius cornu Equi. Rhinocerotis nomina. Rhinocerotis descriptio. Monocerotis veri nomina. De unicornu in Cruce Christi. Monoceros verus varia authoritate asseritur. Idem Rationibus evincitur. Monocerotis forma. Omnium unicornuorum examen. Monocerotis proprietates. De virtute Monocerotis. De usu Cornuum ad pocula. Cornua pro ornamentis. De Cornuum in Medicina usu. De Mensuris corneis. Cornea officinarum e sacrorum instrumenta. De Cornu Cervino. De Ebore. De unicornu fossili. L'Autore (1616-1680) medico danese, scrisse e stampò la presente opera a Padova quando, dopo aver viaggiato fin dal 1640, si stabilì nello Studio patavino diventando allievo di Johann Vesling il quale lo aiutò nella revisione delle Istitutiones anatomicae del padre. Lettera dedicatoria a Thomae Finckio Primo in Regia Academia Professori Medico. Segue lettera ai Lettori, Indice dei capitoli ed Approvazione alla Stampa dello Studio di Padova datata 1643. Tagli blu. Marca tipografia al frontespizio ed una xilografia allegorica al termine dell'opera prima dell'Indice delle parole contenute e dell'Errata al verso dell'ultima pagina. Ordinata nota coeva manoscritta al frontespizio. Ottimo esemplare. Bella legatura coeva in piena pergamena rigida, pp. 304, 24 non numerate, in 16°

      [Bookseller: Libreria Il Bulino]
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        Cornelis Cornelisz Roobacker's scheepsjournaal Gamron-Basra (1645); de eerste reis der nederlanders door de Perzische Golf. Leiden, F. J. Brill, 1907.

      1645. 8vo. 289-405 pp., in: Tijdschrift van het Koninklijk Nederlandsch Aardrijkskundig Genootschap, tweede serie, deel XXIV no. 3 (15 Mei). 289-545, (1) pp. With 2 folding maps and a folding table. Original printed wrappers. First edition. - In 1645, Captain Cornelis Roobacker set out from Bandar Abbas with two small Dutch ships for the first trading mission to Basra, which could only be reached with small vessels in the shallow waters of the upper end of the Gulf. Three logbooks of this expedition have survived in the Dutch General State Archives; the only one of these to be published is the logbook no. 280a, here edited for the first and only time by A. Hotz. Among the plates are a modern map of the Gulf region as well as a 17th century Dutch nautical chart which the editor errouneously attributed to Roobacker. "Roobacker's ships had English charts on board, but Roobacker complained that they were very inaccurate [... He] made a chart of his travels between Laraq and Basra, with marks of depths and accurate notes on geographic latitude. This chart shows his progress up to Bubiyan" (Slot, The Origins of Kuwait [1991], p. 18). - Occasional slight foxing; a good copy of an important and much-quoted source. B. J. Slot, The Arabs of the Gulf 1602-1784, p. 11. OCLC 71448278.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris]
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        La Nouvelle Fortification.

      1645Leyde, L. Elsevier, 1645, 1 volume de 21x31 cm environ, 224 pp., (1) ff. manuscrite avec schéma+ 1 planche libre en couleurs, reliure plein vélin d'époque crème. Nombreuses figures et schémas dans le texte. Complet sauf la page de titre et 1 feuille de préface, mouillure claire dans la marge de l'angle inférieur de la page 161 à 196, petit manque de cuir sur le dernier plat, le reste est en bon état.Merci de nous contacter à l'avance si vous souhaitez consulter une référence au sein de notre librairie.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Diogène]
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        Nederdvytsche Concordantie ofte Harmonie. Waerinne alle de leerachtigste en aenmerkelyckste spreuke der gantsche H. schrift bij malkander gestelt zijn opde ordre van A.B.C. ook vervolgende de boecken en capittele van Gen. af tot apocal. toe. Ende tot meerder gerief vanden leser is een register achter aan gestelt, van alle de woorden ende tittelen, die inde concordantie gestelt ende begrepen syn, mitsgaders ook de nader aenmerkingen onder yder tytel, 't same vergadert door liefhebbers der H. Schrifture.

      Amsterdam, Jaques vander Schuere 1645. (engraved titlepage, 6) 1112 (23) p. Contemporary blind-stamped Leather with 5 raised bands, 2 clasps and 4 corner-pieces, Folio (Waterstains throughout the text block, lacks page 21/22. Rare concordance of the Bible in Dutch, compiled by an unknown Mennonite author.).

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat De Roo]
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        Topographia Palatinus Rheni et Vicinarum Regionum; Das ist Beschreibung und Eigentliche Abbildung der Vornemsten Statte u. Plätz der Untern Pfaltz am Rhein Und Benachbarten Landschafften, als der Bistümer Wormbs Und Speyer, der Bergstraß, des Wessterreichs, Hundsrücks, Zweybrüggen etc: Sampt einer Zugabe … alß Bisantz, Metz, Tull, Verdun, Lothringen, Savoyen etc. Angebunden: Anhang Zu deß Martin Zeillers Beschreibung Der Undern Pfaltz …

      Frankfurt, Matthäus Merian, 1645 u. Merians Erben, 1654. EA! Mit 1 gest. Titelblatt, 1 gest. Titelvignette, 2 Kupferstichkarten u. 77 Kupferstichen auf 47 Tafeln (davon 20 Doppelblatt groß). 67 S.,Reg.5 S.,17 S.,1 Bl.,45 SS.,2 Bll. Gr.Quart. Pergament d.Zt. über Holzdeckel. Durchgehend wasserfleckig und wellig. Titelblatt an den Ränderung beschädigt, der beschädigte Einband wasserrandig u. mit Wurmlöchern. Es fehlen die Karte von Savoyen u. die gr. Ansichten v. Bacharach, Moosbach, Simmern, Speyer, Trarbach, Weinheim, Worms u. einige kleinere Ansichten. Zusätzlich eingebunden sind 3 große Ansichten v. Heidelberg, Kaiserslautern u. 3 kleinere Ansichten auf 1 Blatt. Frühe kräftige Abzüge. Schuchard 30.A u. 31.A. Versand D: 9,00 EUR Rheinpfalz Pfalz Merian Ansichten Kupferstiche Heidelberg Topographie

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Matern]
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        M. Acci Plauti. Comediae. Accedit commentarius ex variorum Notis ac Observationibus [...] ex Museo Marci Zuerii Boschornii.

      Lugd. Batavorum (Leyde), Franciscus Hackius, 1645 ; in-8 ; plein vélin ivoire à recouvrements, titre manuscrit au dos (reliure de l'époque) ; (16) pp., dont le titre gravé représentant une scène de théâtre, 1136, (48) pp. d'index. Bonne édition donnée par Marc-Zuerius Boxhorn, érudit et critique hollandais, né à Berg-op-Zoom en 1612 et mort à Leyde en 1653. Nommé professeur d'éloquence à Leyde à l'âge de 20 ans, il succédait au célèbre Daniel hensius ; il a laissé d'excellentes éditions des Classiques et un grand nombre d'ouvrages forts érudits.Petites taches sur le vélin, reliure en bon état, solide et avec une belle patine, auréole en coin intérieur supérieur, légèrement marquée au début puis de plus en plus claire. Bonne édition en bon état d'ensemble.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Ancienne Clagahé]
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        [Coutume. Montargis. 1645]. Les Privilèges, Franchises, et Libertez des Bourgeois & Habitans de la Ville & Faux-bourgs de Montargis le Franc. Imprimez & collationnez par permission du Roy & ordonnance de la Cour de Parlement à Paris.

      Paris 1645 ? Petit in-8 de (8)-170-(1) pp. (mal chiffré 180) 3 planches gravées, veau glacé, dos orné à nerfs, pièce de titre en maroquin rouge, tranches rouges (reliure du XVIIIe siècle). Rare édition de la coutume de Montargis illustrée de 3 planches gravées sur cuivre : Charles VII, Louis XIII en janvier 1621, Louis XIII en 1645. La numérotation des pages passe de 79 à 90 sans manque. Armes de Montargis gravées au titre. Relié à la suite : Arrest du Conseil d'Estat du Roy. Donné pour les abus de vingt sols sur chaque muid de Vin, entrant dans la ville de Montargis. A Paris, chez Jérémie Bouillerot, 1649. 8 pp. A échappé à Gouron & Terrin, Bibliographie des coutumes de France.

      [Bookseller: Bonnefoi Livres Anciens]
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        Cantabrigiensis Comitatus Cambridge Shire

      16 3/8" x 20 1/2". Contemporary hand colouring.Enhanced with coats of arms of the colleges and the University with the exception of Sydney Sussex - a contributory factor in Oliver Cromwell's general grumpiness possibly. Latin text verso.

      [Bookseller: Michael Morris]
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        De medicina Aegyptiorum, libri quatuor. Et Iacobi Bontii In Indiis archiatri, De medicina Indorum. Editio ultima. Paris, Nicolaus Redelichuysen, 1645.

      1645. Small 4to (225 x 175 mm). 2 parts in one vol. (11), 150, (25) ff. 39, (1) ff. Title page printed in red and black; woodcut chapter initial and head-tail pieces, 2 text illustrations and 3 full-page woodcuts. Full vellum, title gilt on spine red label. Somewhat later edition of the first important work on the history of Egyptian medicine. Alpini (1553-1617) was an Italian physician and botanist who spent three years in Egypt studying botany and hygiene as a companion to the Venetian Consul Giorgio Emo. This work is considered "one of the earliest European studies of non-western medicine. Alpini's work dealt primarily with contemporary (i.e. Arabic) practices observed during his sojourn in Egypt. These included moxibustion - the production of counter-irritation by placing burning or heated material on the skin - which Alpini introduced into European medicine [...] Alpini also mentioned coffee for the first time in this work" (Norman). Jacobus Bontius (Jacques de Bondt, 1592-1631), whose work on Indian medicine is included, was a Dutch physician and botanist. He travelled to Persia and Indonesia to study the botany of the area. He was the first to study cholera on the island of Batavia in 1689, before it was known in Europe, and died on Java. His botanic and medical works were published after his death by Pisonius. He "was probably the first to regard tropical medicine as an independent branch of medical science. He spent the last four years of his life in the Dutch East Indies, and his book incorporates the experience he gained there. It is the first Dutch work on tropical medicine and includes the first modern descriptions of beri-beri and cholera" (Garrison/M. 2263, citing the 1642 first edition). - Binding slightly brownstained in places. Small tear to 3rd leaf, not affecting text; occasional browning. Caillet 230. Krivatsy 236. Wellcome II, 36. Hirsch/Hübotter I, 101 & 627. Hunt 161 (note). Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 32. Osler 1796. Waller 12509. Cf. Garrison/Morton 6468. Norman 39 (1591 first edition); Heirs 384 (1646 edition) and 463 (1642 edition).

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        Opera omnia historica-politica. 1. Güldene Sendschreiben. 2. Fürstliche Weckuhr und Lustgarten. 3. Mißbrauch deß-Hoffs unnd Lob deß LandtsLeben. 4. Der wolgezierte Hoffman, oder Hoffschul. 5. Von Gastereyen und Zutrincken. Frankfurt/Main, Matthäus Kempfer für Johann Gottfried Schönwetter, [16]44-1645.

      1645. 4to. 3 pts. in 1 vol. (14), 650 pp. (6), 388 pp. 207, (5) pp. With 2 engr. title pages and 1 engr. frontispiece. Contemp. blindstamped pigskin over wooden boards on 4 raised double bands with 2 driven brass clasps. Ms. spine and shelfmark labels. Second complete German edition. Egidio Albertino's classic Baroque translation also contains de Guevara's popular mirror for magistrates, "Reloj de principes", containing many hints about child care, education, as well as gynecological and cosmetic advice (cf. Hayn/G. II, 704). - Fine roll-tooled binding shows the arms of the Roman Empire, Austria, Lower and Upper Austria (Haebler I, 329, 5) and platestamps of Justitia and Fortuna (I, 89, II & III). Haebler ascribes the tools to the Nuremberg bookbinder Hans Pfister (d. 1600) or the Wittenberg master Hans Dietz (d. 1582): thus, the present volume serves as a fine example for the continuing use of Renaissance stamps for many decades of the 17th century. - Browned and stained throughout; several thumb indices (the last one torn out). Binding rubbed, but altogether nicely preserved. VD 17, 23:000185K. Dünnhaupt, 236, 53.1. Goedeke II, 583, 42. Palau 110.076. Cf. Faber du Faur 901.

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