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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1644

        Lex, Rex: the Law and the Prince

      1644. first edition. The King Is Law!""No. The Law Is King""Then Burn That Book!" Said His MajestyRUTHERFORD, Samuel. Lex, Rex: The Law and the Prince. A Dispute for the just Prerogative of King and People. Containing the Reasons and Causes of the most necessary Defensive Wars of the Kingdom of Scotland, and of their expedition for the ayd and help of their dear Brethren of England. In which their Innocency is asserted, and a full Answer is given to a Seditious Pamphet, Intituled, Sacro-Sancta Regum Majestas, or The Sacred and Royall Prerogative of Christian Kings:... In XLIV Questions. London: Printed for John Field, and are to be sold at his house upon Addle-hill, neer Baynards-Castle, Octob. 7. 1644. First edition, complete. Quarto (7 1/8 x 5 3/8 in; 180 x 137 mm). 467 (i.e. 435) pp (A4, a-d4, B-Z4, Aa-Ii4, Kk-Rr2, Ss-Zz4, Aaa-Nnn4, Ooo2; error in pagination: nos. 281-312 omitted). Full late eighteenth century calf. Sprinkled edges. Margins trimmed to side notes with mild intrusion at a few leaves. Joints neatly, near invisibly repaired. Headcap restored A very good copy of a book rarely found in collectable condition, if found at all.The excessively scarce, enormously important treatise on limited government and constitutionalism, with only two complete copies falling under the hammer within the last thirty-five years.Lex, Rex [1644], along with Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos [Basel, 1579] and Locke's First Treatise of Government [1790], was responsible for the utter destruction of the divine right of kings as a political concept in Western civilization. In the turbulent times that were seventeenth century England, both the English monarchy and the Church of England underwent significant change, often brought about by bloody means. Rutherford's text was written at the height of conflict, when he spoke not only against monarchy as a form of government, but also spoke against both Roman Catholicism and the Church of England, in favor of the independence of the (Presbyterian) Church of Scotland. For his trouble, the publication of Lex, Rex was banned, and it was even made criminal to possess a copy. Rutherford himself was condemned to die, although he died of natural causes before sentence could be carried out.The first treatment of rule by law, not by men, based upon the separation of powers and covenant between king and subjects, (foreshadowing the social contract), and which laid the foundation for later political philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. As such, this volume sowed the seeds for modern political systems, including that of the United States."The title, Lex, Rex, is a play on the words that convey the meaning the law is king. When theologian Samuel Rutherford published the book in 1644, on the eve of the revolutions that rocked the English nation from 1645 through 1688, it caused a sensation, and provoked a great deal of controversy. It is ostensibly an argument for limited monarchy and against absolute monarchy, but its arguments were quickly perceived as subversive of monarchy altogether, and in context, we can perceive that it provided a bridge between the earlier natural law philosophers and those who would further develop their ideas: the Leveller movement and such men as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Algernon Sidney, which laid the basis for the American Republic."This book has long been undeservedly neglected by scholars, probably because it is written as a polemic in the political and sectarian controversies that are distasteful to later generations, and many of its references are somewhat obscure, but a closer reading reveals how it laid the foundation for the contractarian and libertarian ideas that came to be embodied in the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution."Rutherford's main idea is that in the politic realm the real sovereign is the people, and that all officials, including monarchs, are subject to the rule of law, a phrase Rutherford uses only once, in Question 26, "Whether the King be above the Law or no", but this is the book that developed the contrast between the rule of law and the rule of men. He does not use the term social contract, but does develop the earlier idea of covenant in a way that leads naturally to the idea of the social contract. He also develops the idea of a separation of powers between legislative (nomothetic), executive (monarchic), and judicial functions, in a way that they can balance one another, in a mixed constitutional order that combines the best features of monarchic, aristocratic, and democratic forms of government."What made the book controversial was Rutherford's argument that not only does the magistrate lose his authority when he violates the law, but that it is a right, and perhaps even a duty, for the people to resist such violations" (Roland Jon. Introduction to Lex. Rex, 2002 edition, at www.constitution.org/sr/lexrex.htm).Samuel Rutherford (c.1600–1661) "published a number of major works, including Lex, Rex, or, The Law and the Prince (1644), a lengthy and sometimes bitter defence of armed resistance to Charles I. It was written in response to Sacro-sancta regum majestas (1644) by the deposed bishop of Ross, John Maxwell, and drew on Calvinist resistance theory and the political theory of Spanish neo-scholastics. It argued that legitimate government was grounded in a covenant between king and people. Because Charles I had violated his covenant with the Scottish people by trying to force idolatry upon them, they had been duty bound to resist him by force under the authority of lesser magistrates."The restoration of Charles II in 1660 augured ill for Rutherford. In September the committee of estates issued a declaration against Lex, Rex and copies of the book were burned in Edinburgh and outside New College in St Andrews. Rutherford was deprived of his position in the university, his charge in the church, and his stipend, and was confined to his own house. He was cited to appear before parliament on a charge of treason and his friends feared that he might well face execution. However, early in 1661 Rutherford fell seriously ill. On 8 March he issued a last will and testimony, and near the end of the month he died, at St Mary's College, St Andrews" (Oxford Online DNB).Wing R2386.

      [Bookseller: David Brass Rare Books, Inc.]
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        Journal ou Suite du Voyage de Siam. En Forme des Lettres Familieres Fait en M. DC. LXXXV. Et M. DC. LXXXVI

      Small 8vo (6 1/4x4), period vellum, inked spine title, [4], 377, [3] pp. Vellum is a little stained and soiled, internally clean; a very nice copy. Choisy (1644-1724) was a missionary that was sent to Siam by Louis XIV to convert the king of Siam to Christianity. The format for this work is a diary that provides details of his trip. Prior to joining the missionary, Choisy appears to be an eccentric character, who was known to dress in woman's clothes. His memoirs were first published in 1732, and it appears they are still in print. The current work was first published in Paris a year earlier, and a second edition appears to have come out came out in that same year (1687).

      [Bookseller: Nicholas D. Riccio Rare Books & Prints]
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        Opuscula medica inaudita

      Cologne: Kalcoven, (i.e. Amsterdam, Elzevier), 1644 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. 1st Edition. 16mo. 3 parts in 1 Vol. (4) 230, (1) 219, (20), (1) 180, (2) pp. Contemporary vellum, slightly soiled and foxed. All three parts with section title leaf. First Elzevier Edition - Krivatsy 5441 - Parkinson-Lumb 1177 - Osler 2931 - Wellcome III, 241 - Willems 1009 - Goldsmid II, 78 - Contains the following 4 papers: De Lithiasi (first print), De febribus/de humoribus Galeni (second print), De peste (first print)..

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Politicarum dissertationum syntagma.

      Amsterdam, I. Ianssonium, 1644. 12:o. Grav. titelblad,+ (22),+ 540 s. Fuktrand inledningsvis, s. 251-252 med reva och med lagerfläckar på snitten. Samtida pergamentband med senare handmålad rygg med röda och blåa blommor. Collijn sp. 531, som angivit både titeln från smutstitelbladet och, som här, från det graverade titelbladet. Fint exemplar av den andra upplagan, utgiven med ny titel. Den första utkom i Leiden 1637 med titeln "De ordinantia republica, dissertationum libri quatuor" Med tryckt dedikation till Axel Oxenstierna. Enligt Björne (sid. 29) utkom första upplagan 1642 och han kallar verket för " ett omfattande arbete i något, som kunde kallas "statsklokhet, "." En tredje upplaga utgavs i Frankfurt 1673

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        De historia plantarum libri decem. graece and latine. in quibus textum graecum variis lectionibus, emendationibus, hiulcorum supplementis. latinam gaza versionem nova interpretatione ad margines: totum opus absolutissimis cum notis tum commentariis, item rariorum plantarum iconibus illustravit. joannes bodaeus a stapel... accesserunt julii caesaris scaligeri in eosdem libros animadversiones, et roberti constanitini annotationes, cum indice locupletissimo. amstelodami, apud henricum laurentium, 1644.

      Cm. 35, pp. (20) 1187 (89). Bel frontespizio interamente figurato e centinaia di incisioni xilografiche nel testo raffiguranti varieta' di piante e fiori. Solida legatura strettamente coeva in pergamena rigida. Dorso a nervi, piatti inquadrati da filetti e con rosone centrale. Esemplare genuino, marginoso e ben conservato. Una fenditura esterna ad una cerniera, ma in ottimo stato di conservazione, con poche tracce d'uso. Ex libris. Stimata e celebre edizione che presenta il testo latino e greco di questo classico considerato piu' importante dal punto di vista scientifico-botanico che filologico. Cfr. Nissen, Pritzel, e Choulant.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Biblia thad er, Øll Heilog Ritning, ut løgd a Norrænu. Med Formaalum D. Martin Luther.

      Prentud ad nya a Hoolum, 1644. Folio. Nyere helldrbd. i sort oaseged. Ophøjede bind på ryg. Med det træskårne titelblad opklæbet. De første 51 blade er restaureret med hovedsageligt teksttab i marginer. Yderligere 27 blade lidt restaureret med kun lidt eller intet teksttab.Folio. Recent full black morocco-binding with raised bands and gilt title to back. Woodcut title-page mounted. First 51 leaves restored with a some text-loss mainly to margins. Another 27 leaves restored with only minor or no loss of text.. Thorlaks-Bibelen er den anden islandske folio-bibel, revideret af Biskop Thorlakur Skulason. Yderst sjældent forekommende. "The printing and the whole make-up ofthis edition is much inferior to that of the Gudbrands biblia. In revising the text Bp. Thorlakúr made use of Resen's Danish Bible and this was the source of various Danicisms which crept in. Rev. Sveinn Jónsson assisted in bringing out this edition."(Halldor Hermannsson "Icelandic Books of the 17th century", p. 11-13).Fiske p.44-Klose No 3277. - Darlow & Moule 5491

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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