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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1631

        Warhafftige abbildung von einnehmung der statt S. Salvador in der Baya de Todos los Santos

       Magnificent view of S. Salvador being attacked by the Dutch. c.1631. [Frankfurt]. Fine colour, wide margins and strong impression, a lovely example. 455 mm x 372 mm; 442 mm x 293 mm. Of great iconographic value, this a large, handsomely engraved and detailed view of the city being sieged by Dutch forces, with a numbered key and their explanation underneath. Salvador was the centre of the economic power in Portuguese Brazil. In late 1623, a force of 26 ships was sent to attack, raid and take Salvador from the Portuguese; the mission was successful, but for a short while, as the next year it was retaken by the Portuguese. This later attack was also successful, again only for a while, as the Dutch went at it again in 1627; the succession of events was well graphically represented by Visscher and Gerritsz [cartographer to the Dutch East and West India Co.].As a result of the Dutch attack and raid of Salvador, a series of broadsides and prints, this is one of the largest and more appealing. The view shows the city of Salvador under Dutch siege; the city is well represented and is of great iconographic value, it includes a numbered key to the city´s most important monuments and defences. An inset map of the Brazilian coast is found on the lower left side. The Portuguese presence in Salvador was long standing, as early as the second half of the 16th century; the city swiftly became one of the most important in the region; in 1624, a strong Dutch invasion put the Low Countries on the map of Brazilian history. Salvador was retaken the year after the invasion by the Portuguese and a few years later the Dutch went at it again; it is this last attack on the city that is portrayed here. 

      [Bookseller: Hs Rare Books]
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        Cheape and Good Husbandry for the Well-Ordering of all Beasts and Fowles and for the General Cure of their Diseases: 5th Ed.;

      London, printed by Nicholas Okes for John Harison, 1631.. HARDBACK, new half-calf with marbled boards, gilt lettering on red spine label, pages: [xxiv], 188, 128mm x 184mm (5" x 7.25"), many handwritten (in old-English script) annotations, staining to the fore-edges of several pages, one page has approximately 15mm strip cut from fore-edge (not affecting text), chipping to some page fore and bottom-edges, some light browning, otherwise a very fine copy. From the S A Baldwin Bee Library. British Bee Books No. 19. Many editions to the 15th in 1695. The 3rd and subsequent editions were part of "A way to get wealth". 1st ed. reprinted 1969. Eng. Experience No. 139.

      [Bookseller: Baldwin's Scientific Books]
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        Piazza del Duomo a Milano.?Macchina da Fuoco raffigurante l?Etna eretta in Piazza Duomo il 4 febbraio 1630?

      Coppia di incisioni originali, eseguite all?acquaforte, 1631. Tratte dalla serie ?Capricci di Varie Figure?, rarissima suite eseguita dall?artista milanese nello stile di Jacques Callot. La serie sembra realizzata tra il febbraio 1630 e l?ottobre 1631, anno della morte del Cardinale Federico Borromeo, al quale è dedicata. Magnifiche prove dell?unico stato, particolarmente nitide e contrastate, impresse su carta vergata coeva priva di filigrana, rifilate al rame e complete della linea marginale, in eccellente stato di conservazione.La prima lastra (B. 49) raffigura una piazza con sullo sfondo il duomo in costruzione.Molto interessante la scenografia rappresentata nella seconda lastra (B. 48). La ?macchina del Monte Etna? fu eretta nella piazza per celebrare il compleanno del Principe Baldassarre, figlio maggiore del Re di Spagna. La montagna era ornata in cima da numerose piante e circondata da medaglie, emblemi raffiguranti le varie provincie spagnole.La scenografia fu il frutto della collaborazione dell?architetto Richini, dei pittori Genovesino e Nuvolone e degli scultori Prevosto e Lasagna. Etchings, 1631, without the artist?s signature. From the ?Capriccio of various figures?, a very rare set made in the style of Jacques Callot. Superb impressions of the only state, showing very good contrasts, on contemporary laid paper, trimmed just on the platemark, in perfect conditions.The first plate (B. 49) represents a square with the Duomo (cathedral) the construction phase in the background. The scenography of the second plate (B. 48) is very interesting. ?The machine of Mount Etna? was made for the birthday celebrations of the Prince Baldassarre, the eldest son of the King of Spain. The mountain top was full of flowers and medals, representing the different provinces of Spain. This scenography was a coproduction by the architect Richini, painters Genovesino and Nuvolone and sculptors Prevosto e Lasagna. Bartsch, Le Blanc 48 e 49 73 55

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        Horticultura, Libris II. comprehensa; huic nostro coelo & solo accommodata... in qua quicquid ad hortum proficue colendum, et eleganter instruendum facit, explicatur.

      Frankfurt, Matthias Merian, (1631), (with:) Apparatus Plantarum primus: tributus in duos libros. I. De plantis bulbosis. II. De plantis tuberosis... Frankfurt, Matthias Merian, (1632). 2 vols in one. 4to (205 x 155mm). pp. 196, with engraved title and 29 full-page engraved plates (with blank conjugate to plate 21), 6 of which are printed in the text; 168, with engraved title and 36 engraved plates in text; small tear to preface of 'Apparatus' touching woodcut ornament and a few letters on verso, a very nice copy in contemporary vellum, spine a bit discoloured. First edition of one of the best of the early 17th-century gardening manuals, scientific in its detail and approach. It is known to have influenced John Evelyn who quotes it in his unpublished 'Elysium Britannicum'. Morton describes the work as 'typical of the experience and ideas that began to flow into botany from horticulture' and goes on to recount how Lauremberg rejected the idea of the 'plant soul' having a specific location, because 'horticulturalists knew that plants could live and reproduce themselves from very small pieces cut from the roots (i.e. rhizomes, stolons, etc.) as well as from branches, stems, seeds, and even leaves (as in the case of the Indian fig). Therefore the soul or vital force (vigor vitalis) is not in one part more than another, but diffused through the whole plant body... Lauremberg describes his own experiment, lasting three years, in which two hundred vine cuttings were grown in close association with two varieties of cabbage in order to test an ancient belief, mentioned by Pliny, that vine and cabbage adversely affect each other. He found, however, that both species flourished and there was no evidence of mutual inhibition... In other experiments he found, contrary to tradition, that rue and fig did not benefit from interplanting. There were many gardener's notions about how seeds were best oriented when sown; the wrong way was said to give dwarf or unthrifty plants. Again, Lauremberg made his own observations with seeds of pea, cucurbita, walnut, almond, date and others, finding that the stem grew upwards and the root downwards irrespective of the original orientation, and that the alleged effects of malplacement were "empty superstition"' (Morton, History of botanical science p. 222-3). The work covers a variety of topics, including the layout of the orchard and flower and herb gardens, topiary, labyrinths, sundials, etc. Five plates illustrate gardening tools, 18 are of designs for parterres and labyrinths, and two are for topiary. The second title, 'Apparatus plantarum', the sequel to the 'Horticultura', is devoted to bulbous and tuberous plants, including the most popular garden flowers of the time. It 'deals not only with their medicinal and culinary uses, but their care and propagation, places in literature, etc.' (Johnston). Provenance: inscription on verso of last text leaf of Apparatus: 'IASVSH. Anno 1650'; inscription on title 'Ordinis Crucigerorum cum Zubea Stella Pragae 1671'. Hunt 219 and 221; Johnston 181 and 183; Nissen BBI 1147 and 1146; Wellcome 3681 and 3682.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Junk B.V.]
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        Florilegium amplissimum et selectissimum, quo non, tantum varia diversorum florum praestantissimorum et nunquam antea exhibitorum genera, sed et rarae quamplurimae indicarum plantarum, et radicum formae, ad vivum partibus duabus, quatuor etiam linguis offeruntur et delineantur... Amsterdam, Johann Jansson, 1647 [bound with:] Florilegii pars secunda...

      Amsterdam, Johann Jansson, 1631. Two vols in one. Folio (410 x 271mm). pp. [xxviii including frontispiece and portrait]; [xii, including terminal blank], with engraved frontispiece-title and portrait to part one, and 110 engraved plates with 560 figures of plants; some occasional marginal staining, several leaves with some browning, generally a very good copy, in contemporary yapped vellum, lettered in manuscript on spine, fore-edge worn. A large copy in its original binding, a later edition (first 1612) of one of the most attractive and popular of the early florilegia. The first part of the work is devoted to bulbous plants, and the second to miscellaneous beautiful and sweet-smelling garden plants. 'The first two editions were essentially catalogues for the selling of plants and bulbs, while the later editions were true florilegia intended for the connoisseur and the scientist... Sweerts was born in Zevenbergen, Holland, in 1552, but spent the greater part of his life in Amsterdam, where he worked as an artist and as a merchant in objects d'art and rare or curious natural specimens... His inventory included a wide variety of cultivated and bulbous plant species. His coupling of professions was an auspicious one, for rare flowers were considered prized items by collectors, but unlike the other objects in the connoisseur's collection, their beauty was transient and could only be captured on paper or canvas... Sweert's fame as a floriculturist spread far and wide, and a white iris was even named after him (the Iris sweertii). His name often appears in the correspondence of naturalists, botanists and floriculturists of the period, and he himself corresponded with many of them, including the floriculturist Matteo Caccini... The Habsburg emperor Rudolf II, possessor of many magnificent collections, tried unsuccessfully to entice Sweerts to join his court in Prague as director of the royal gardens. [In the dedication] Sweerts states that is was Rudolf II... who encouraged him to depict the more rare and unusual flowers in his collection and to have them etched in copper...' (Lucia Tongiorgi Tomasi, An Oak Spring Flora p. 43). The designer or engraver of the plates is unknown, although many of the plates are copied from de Bry's Florilegium. 'Over 560 different flowers are depicted. They are grouped by species, and in some cases several appear together on a single page. In the case of the tulips and anemones, only the flower is shown. For other species, such as the Pancratium illyricum (part I, pl. 27) the bulb occupies a large portion of the page' (ibid). Nissen BBI, 1921.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Junk B.V.]
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        A New Orchard and Garden, or the beft way for planting, grafting ... with The Country Housewifes Garden Containing Rules for Hearbs and Seedes of common use..:

      London, Nicholas Okes for John Harrison, 1631.. HARDBACK, recent half-calf with marbled boards, gilt lettering on spine labels, illustrated title-page, pages: 134, some text-figs., 140mm x 190mm (5.5" x 7.5"), spine a little rubbed and faded, corners and hinges a little rubbed, former owner's bookplate and stamp on front end-papers, light stain to lower corner of pages 87 onwards, last few pages a little soiled, small part of lower corner missing from one page (approx 10mm x 20mm),otherwise a very fine copy in a superb binding. From the S A Baldwin Bee Library. British Bee Books No. 20.

      [Bookseller: Baldwin's Scientific Books]
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        Medicaster Apella oder Juden Artzt.

      Mit gestoch. Titel. 7 Bl., 383 S., 12 Bl. (d. l. w.). Prgt. d. Zt. unter Verwendung eines spätmittelalterlichen Manuskriptes. VD17 39:142878F; Hirsch-H. III, 251; Harry Friedenwald, Jewish luminaries in medical history, Baltimore, 1946, p. 170: "This book ranks as the most intense among those vilifying the Jewish physician". - Nicht bei Fürst. - Sehr seltenes antisemitisches Machwerk des Frankfurter Arztes Ludwig von Hörnigk (1600-1667), ein Rundumschlag gegen alle jüdischen Kollegen, dessen Anlass aber wohl der Streit mit dem Frankfurter Arzt Schlamm gewesen sein mag, der als ignorant und geldgierig gebrandmarkt wird. Angeblich stehen Koberer vor dem Frankfurter Ghetto, sprechen Passanten an und bringen deren Urin in die Praxen ihrer auftraggebenden Ärzte. Dort wird den überraschten und verängstigten Christen eine beängstigende Diagnose gestellt und somit eine neue, zahlungskräftige Patientenschar gewonnen. Vermutlich war die Praxis des Dr. Hörnigks für Privatpatienten nicht besonders attraktiv. - Der allegorische Kupfertitel zeigt einen jüdischen Arzt bei der Taufe. - Eventuell fehlt der typographische Titel, der Text beginnt mit a2; allerdings ist auch bei Bibliotheksexemplaren und den wenigen, in den letzten Jahrzehnten im Handel auftauchenden Exemplaren kein solcher vorhanden. Der interessante Einband leicht wurmspurig. Hinteres Gelenk durch Entnahme eines dünnen Beibandes innen geplatzt. Etwas gebräunt.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Das Leben und die Geschichte der Heyligen Hedwigis/ geborner Fürstin von Meranien/ Großhertzogin in Polen und Schlesien. Hiebevor außgegangen zu Breßlaw im 1504. Jahre: anjetzo nach laut selbigen Exemplares auch daselbst gedruckt.

      Mit 2 ganzseitigen Textholzschnitten. 255 unnum. Bll. Lederband d. Zt. 14,5 x 9 cm. VD17 1:080384G. - Sehr seltener Druck mit einer Vita der Heiligen Hedwig, der polnischen Jadwiga Slaska, die 1174 im bayerischen Andechs geboren und dann als Herzogin in Schlesien die Zisterzienserinnen-Abtei in Trebnitz gründete, wo sie 1243 beigesetzt wurde. - Einband lädiert und mit größeren Fehlstellen am Bezug. Mehrfach gestempelt, Titel und Blatt X5 mit hinterlegtem Eckausriss, durchgehend gebräunt, etwas fleckig, Gebrauchsspuren.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Annales, or, a Generall Chronicle of England. Begun by... Continued and Augmented with matters Foraigne and Domestique, Ancient and Moderne, unto the end of this present year, 1631. By Edmund Howes, Gent.

      Londini [London]: Impensis Richardi Meighen, 1631 [but 1632].. Folio, (20), 537, 540-819, 819-891, 891-897, 890, 900-901, 991-1014, 1003-1050, (2), 1057-1062, (4), 1063-1087, (31) pp, the book complete including the final blank, but with the usual erratic pagination as called for. Engraved title page, later armorial bookplate of John Goodford, small pieces torn from the top corner of 5 leaves without loss to text. Contemporary calf with some wear, rebacked retaining the original spine label with some restoration to the corners as well.An influential historical work first published in 1580, with several expanded editions published in the early 17th century. "...the most productive historical writer of the sixteenth century. His chronicles were more widely read than those of any other historian of his era... As an eyewitness to events from the death of Henry VIII to the accession of James I he provides important insights into the political and cultural life of his age from the perspective of a London citizen who never styled himself as a gentleman" (DNB). STC 23340.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        THE ENGLISH HOUSE-WIFE

      London, Nicholas Okes for John Harison, 1631.. Containing the inward and outward vertues which ought to be in a compleate woman. As her skill in Physick, Surgery, Cookery, Extraction of Oyles, Banqueting stuffe, Ordering of great Feasts, Preserving of all sorts of Wines, Conceited Secrets, Distilations, Perfumes, ordering of Wooll, Hempe, Flax, making Cloth, and Dying: the knowledge of Dayries, Office of Malting, of Oates, their excellent uses in a Family, of Brewing, Baking and all other things belonging to an Houshold. A Worke generally approved, and now the fifth time much augmented, purged and made most profitable and necessary for all men, and the generall good of this Kingdome. By G. M. FOURTH EDITION, 1631. Part of The Way to get Wealth. 8vo, approximately 195 x 150 mm, 7½ x 5¾ inches, woodcut printer's device on title, tiny printed pointing hands, decorated initials, a few headpieces, pages: [x] 1- 252, lacks A1 blank, rebound in quarter dark blue crushed morocco, marbled boards, 2 maroon gilt lettered labels to spine, gilt rules between raised bands on spine, vertical gilt rule to covers, new cream endpapers. Pale brown stain to lower corners from page 155 to end, not affecting text, some brown stains to a few inner margins, not affecting text, 1 margin has neat small repair, 1 page has creases to lower margin affecting the text, but all still easliy understood (paper fault), last page lightly stained in lower margin, not affecting text, some pale age-browning throughout, 2 pages have some dusty marks, some occasional light foxing and brown spots, small ink splash to fore-edge, otherwise a very good copy. See: A Catalogue of Printed Books in the Wellcome Historical Medical Library, Volume 1, page 216; English Cookery Books to the Year 1850 by Arnold Whitaker Oxford, page 15; Andre L. Simon, Bibliotheca Gastronomica, A Catalogue of Books and Documents on Gastronomy, page 98; Gastronomic Bibliography by Katherine Bitting, page 309. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        Les oeuvres... seconde edition. a paris, chez charles chappellain, 1631.

      Cm. 21,5, pp. (52) 820; 228. Bel marchio tipografico al frontespizio e ritratto di Malherbe a piena pagina. Legatura coeva in piena pergamena semirigida con titoli in oro su tassello al dorso. Esemplare con alcune sezioni di carte un po' brunite, in maniera uniforme, ma genuino ed in ottimo stato di conservazione. Si tratta della seconda edizione delle opere complete che contiene, tra l'altro, alcuni inediti.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Titles of Honor. Second edition. S.T.C. 22178

      Second edition of Selden's first major work, his monumental effort devoted to peerage law, heraldry and genealogy, appearing shortly after he was called to the bar, treating not only of England but of the ancient world and of foreign empires. Contemporary blind-ruled calf, later label, initials "I B" in gilt on both boards, bottom of spine chipped and the title dusty, else a very good copy. Printed by William Stansby for Richard Whitakers [etc.], London, 1631.

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Leiden, Officina Bartholomei Biltii, (ca 1620).

      24:o. 34,+ 39-211. Lacks pp. 35-38. Bound together with: (SOTERUS, Henricus. Ed.) Svecia, sive de Suecorum regis dominiis et opibus. Commentarius politicus. Leyden, Elzeviriana, 1631. 24:o. Engr. title,+ (6),+ 319 pp. Some pages unopenend. Contemporary vellum with handwritten title on spine. From the Library of Hammer, with its exlibris. Willems 359 (without the 6 prel. ll.). Berghman 1803. Rahir 340. Collijn col. 900. First edition of the Elzevir description of Sweden. A second was published in 1633 and a German translation in 1632. The first part "...geographica et politica descriptio" is written by Andreas Buraeus (or Bureus), cousin to Johannes. Preceeded in this binding by a slightly defective copy of D'Artis' satire, originally published in Paris, 1614 under the pseudonym Ioan de Mantibus. It is sometimes (as in the case of the spine-title of this book) attributed to Johannes Morsius who is behind the pseudonym "Anastasius Philaretus Cosmopolita" that signs the dedication in this edition, but he is probably the editor

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Ducatus Holsatiæ Nova Tabula. Amsterdam, (ca. 1630).

      Kobberstukket kort over Slesvig og Holsten i samtidig håndkolorering. 38,5 x 51,5 cm. Med 2 kompasroser, skib i Nordsøen og 2 indsatte særkort i øverste hjørner. På bagsiden fransk tekst.. Kortet er gengivet i Pontanus "Rerum Danicarum Historia" 1631, men støtter sig iøvrigt på Jordans kort med mange nye detaljer. Kortet forekommer uændret i flere atlas fra tiden, således også hos Janssonius

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        COUNTRY CONTENTMENTS OR THE HUSBANDMANS RECREATIONS

      London, Nicholas Okes for John Harison, at the Golden Unicorne in Pater-nostor-row, 1631.. Contayning the Wholesome Experiences in which any man ought to recreate himselfe, after the toyle of more serious businesse. As namely, Hunting, Hawking, Coursing with Greyhounds, and the lawes of Lease, Shooting in Long-bow or Cros-bowe, Bowling, Tennis, Baloone. The whole Art of Angling, and the use of the Fighting Cocke. FOURTH EDITION, Newly Corrected, Enlarged and Adorned with many excellent Additions, 1631. 8vo, approximately 195 x 145 mm, 7½ x 5¾ inches, pages: Lacks first and last blanks, x, 1-118 plus 6 pages from another book by Markham on Fish and Fish-Ponds, all part of Markham's Way To Get Wealth, woodcut printer's device to title page, decorated initials, the first page of the extra inserted pages is illustrated, rebound in quarter light brown morocco, 2 maroon gilt lettered labels to spine, gilt rule between raised bands to spine, gilt vertical rule to boards, marbled boards, new cream endpapers. Pale age-browning throughout, 3 outer margins have small pale brown marks, not affecting text, occasional pale stain to margins, small paper faults to a few lower edges, occasional small dusty mark, otherwise a very good copy. See: Schwerdt, Hunting, Hawking and Shooting, Volume 2, page 11. Mary S. Aslin, Catalogue of the Printed Books on Agriculture Published Between 1471 and 1840, page 84. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        Arma Svecica: Hoc est, vera et accurata descriptio belli, quod Gustavus Adolphus, suecorum, gothorum & vandalorum, & rex: contra Ferdinandi II romanorum imperatoris, & exercitum in Germania hactenus gessit: qua eius caussa, initia & progressus hucusque commemorantur; authore Phil.

      Arlanibæo, philo-historico. Anno domini M. DC. XXXI. (Frankfurt am Main), apud F. Hulsius, 1631. 4:o. 202,(1) s. Titelsidan med stort och stiligt graverat ramverk. Med sju grav. porträtt med typografiska ramverk i texten. Ljusbrunt skinnbd från 1800-talets slut med upphöjda bind och rikt guldornerad rygg. Smala guldpräglade pärmbårder. Bandet med några repor. Genomgående nära skuren i nedre marginalen, ibland in i kustoder och arksignaturer, se t.ex. s. 27-28. Sporadiska understrykningar och marginalanteckningar samt genomgående ngt lagerfläckig och bruntonad inlaga. Gamla lagningar i övre yttre hörnen fram till s. 26 samt på s. 29, 35 och 87. Fuktränder i yttermarginalen och övre hörn på s. 31-111. Några tråkiga bruntonade fläckar efter bokmärke på s. 64-65 och 78-79. En mindre bläckfläck i texten på s. 131. En nästan helt bortblekt ägaranteckning daterad Jena på 1630-talet nederst på titelbladet. Med Per Hiertas namnteckning daterad 1890 och anteckningen "ex libris Kuzma 1948".. Klemming Sveriges krig s. 326-27, nr 5. VD17 23:263186X. Warmholtz Bibliotheca historica Sueo-Gothica 3793. Översatt från tyskan. Den sista opaginerade sidan med en tabell över Gustav II Adolfs härstamning. Den tyska upplagans graverade titel har här återanvänts genom att kopparplåtens mittdel med den tyska titeln skurits bort. Avdragen fick därmed en blank kvadratisk mittyta där den latinska titeln tryckts. Porträtten föreställer bl.a. Gustav II Adolf och Ferdinand II. Rör tiden fram till den 1 december 1631. Flera fristående fortsättningar utkom 1632-34

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        TACITI QUAE EXTANT OPERA EX. RECENSIONE. I LIPSII. LVGD BATAVORUM, EX OFFICINA ELZVIRIANA, ANNO CLC LC C.XXI

      Amsterdam: Elzevir Press,: Elzevir Press,, 1631 Tacitus. C. Cor. TACITI QUAE EXTANT OPERA EX. RECENSIONE. I LIPSII. LVGD BATAVORUM, EX OFFICINA ELZVIRIANA, ANNO CLC LC C.XXI. Amsterdam: Elzevir Press, 1631. [Contemporary vellum with overlapping fore-edges characteristic of the period, hand-lettered at the spine, all edges stained red.] A very good example. [small repair on the ffe] Contents excellent & free of blemish. 12mo., 789pp + 29 index. Edited by scholar, Joest Lips [usually Latinized as Justus Lipsius, 1547-1606]. The first edition was published in 1575; it was revised & corrected five times until 1606 & was reprinted numerous times after that. - Cf. Voet, The Plantin Press, 2280. The Elzevirs were a renowned family of Dutch printers, celebrated especially for their editions of classical authors. The Elzevirs feared they may have to shut down their publishing house following the end of business relations with France, their main supplier of paper, in the mid 17th century. They adopted their famous pocket size editions of well-known Latin classics & did so in the teeth of many complaints from their learned customers. In the second half of the seventeenth century by contrast, a public appetite for imaginative literature was growing again. Novels & works of popularization multiplied & economic conditions did not favour the publication of costly works of reference. These were the reasons for the renewed success of the small format. Engraved Title Page Vignette - contains: ANNELIVM, HISTORIARVM, DE MORIBVS, DE VITA & DIALOGVS. Bookplate of Cardinal Dubois & some old ink ownership entries on the prelims & top of title page. See PMM #93.. Early Reprint of the 1st Edition.

      [Bookseller: TBCL The Book Collector's Library]
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        Europa from Novus Atlas

      Amsterdam: Henricus Hondius, 1631. A SPLENDID MAP OF EUROPE FROM THE GOLDEN AGE OF DUTCH CARTOGRAPHY Hand-colored copper-plate engraving . Book.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        America Noviter Delineata

      Amsterdam: Henrico Hondius, 1631 [but 1633]. Copper-engraved map, with original outline colour, German text on verso (centerfold reinforced, in very good condition). 18 x 21 1/8 inches. The celebrated Hondius map of the Americas, in the third state. Originally issued by Jodicus Hondius Jr. in 1618, this map of the Americas was modified by Henricus Hondius following his brother's death. The original map was based on Jodicus Hondius the elder's map of 1606, along with the Willem Blaeu maps of 1608 and 1617. The map would form Europe's geographical understanding of North and South America for the first half of the 17th century. Several major corrections have been made compared to the 1606 Hondius map. The St. Lawrence Bay and River are much improved, and at the opposite end, Tierra del Fuego has been separated, however nebulously, from the great Terra Incognita, thought (correctly) to exist since ancient times. The rather assertive outgrowth of Virginia in the 1606 map has been modified to reflect more accurately the eastward swelling at North Carolina. Interestingly, Henricus Hondius' next map of North America (1636) adopted the increasingly popular notion that California was an island, and greatly advanced that belief. The map includes inset maps of the North and South Poles. The nicely drawn ships and sea monsters add to the pleasant aesthetic effect of the map. Burden, The Mapping of North America I, 192

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Country Contentments: Or, The Husbandmans Recreations. Contayining the Wholesome Experiences, in which any man ought to Recreate himself after the toyle of more serious Business. As namely, Hunting, Hawking, Coursing with Grey-hounds and the lawes of the Leafe, Shooting in Long-bowe or Cros-bowe, Bowling, Tennis, Baloone. The whole Art of Angling, and the use of the Fighting Cocke

      London: Nicholas Okes, 1631. Fourth edition. Hardcover. Modern three quarter brown calf and brown cloth. Very good./No Dust Jacket. 118 pages [A-B4, C-H8, I3]. 18.5 x 13.5 cm. First published 1615, this edition, "newly corrected, enlarged, and adorned with many excellent additions." Markham, a "mediocre poet" according to the DNB, but a scholar well acquainted with Latin and host of other languages had an exhaustive, practical command of forestry and agriculture, was a noted horse-breeder, and purportedly imported the first Arabian horse. Moderate text toning, a few leaves with tight margins, but no text loss, slight extremity rubbing, marbled endpapers, raised bands and gilt spine florets.

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        The English Lawyer. Describing A Method for the managing of the Lawes of this Land. And expressing the best qualities requisite in the Student Practizer Judges and Fathers of the same. S.T.C. 6981. Quarto

      Only edition of Dodderidge's principal work, his singular attempt to determine the qualities of the lawyer and law student, and to probe the fundamental nature of law, his "scholarship reach[ing] far beyond that of most contemporary lawyers". Contemporary speckled calf, neatly and unobtrusively rebacked, showing some wear, light browning, yet an appealing copy. Printed by the Assignes of I. More Esq., London, 1631.

      [Bookseller:  Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Donati Iannotii Florentini Dialogi de Repub. Venetorum, cum Notiis et Lib. singulari de forma eiusdem Reip

      Lugd. Batavorum Leiden: ex officina Elzeviriana 1631 Lugd. Batavorum [Leiden]: ex officina Elzeviriana, 1631. (VENICE) First Elzevir edition. 24mo. [2] leaves (including engraved title showing the Venetian lion, by Claude Duysend), 506 pp., [9] leaves (Index). With 7 engraved plates (most are folding, some split at folds). Contemporary vellum. Very good. Cicogna 1072; Willems 353 (with no mention of plates) . An in-depth study of the institutions of the Venetian republic by this Florentine author, first published in 1540, written with the hope of establishing a similar, representative form of government in Florence. The "Notes" (second part , pp. 289-416) are by NiccolÚ Crasso, as well as the final section ( De forma reipublicae venetae, pp. 416-506)

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        Arma Svecica: Hoc est, vera et accurata descriptio belli, quod Gustavus Adolphus, suecorum, gothorum & vandalorum, &c.

      rex: contra Ferdinandi II. romanorum imperatoris, &c. exercitum in Germania hactenus gessit: qua eius caussa, initia & progressus hucusque commemorantur; authore Phil. Arlanibæo, philo-historico. (Frankfurt), Fridericum Hulsium, 1631. 4:o. 202,+ (1) s. Med 7 helsides graverade porträtt i pagineringen. Det sista bladet utgör en genealogisk tabell över gustavianska släkten. Titelbladet uppfodrat med lagad skada. Genomgående brunfläckig med fläckar och enstaka bläckanteckningar. Sammanbunden med: Armorum svecicorum continuatio: In quâ breviter describuntur omnia ea, quæ à serenissimo & potentissimo rege Sveciæ Gustavo Adolpho, & aliis principibus protestantibus confderatis, post pugnam Lipsensem, in Imperio Romano memoratu digna gesta sunt. Frankfurt, Friederici Hulsii, 1632. 4:o. 23 s. Fläckig. Sammanbunden med: Armorum svecicorum continuatio; sive series et descriptio omnium eorum, quæ a ser. svecorum, &c. rege, Gustavo Adolpho, & principibus germaniæ protestantibus confoederatis, ab obsidione urbis Donawerthæ, usq; ad autumnum anni 1632. gesta sunt. Utan ort, 1632. 4:o. (2),+ 7-34,+ (2 blank) s. Sammanbunden med: (Armorum svecicorum continuatio...) Utan ort, (1633). 4:o. 1-42,+ (2 blank) s. Sammanbunden med: (HILDEBRANT, Andreas.) Genealogia serenissimorum, potentissimorumq. regum Sveciæ, e diversis historiographis collecta & ad præsentem usq. ann. 1630. continuata ab Andreas Hiltebrando Pom. med. d. Stettin, Nicolaum Bartholdum, 1631. 12 s.+ utvikbar tabell. Titeln med Gustav II Adolfs porträtt som grav. vinjett. Fläckig. Hfrbd från början av 1700-talet med upphöjda bind och beige ryggtiteletikett, röda stänksnitt. Rääfs exlibris. Arma svecica: Klemming Sveriges krig, s. 324ff. Nr. 5, 6, 14 och 17. Planer 240, 241, 245, 246. Warmholtz 3793. Hildebrand: Planer 192 (endast den tyska upplagan). Warmholtz 6568. Första upplagan av den latinska utgåvan av "Arma svecica", som utkom i fyra delar. Något titelblad till fjärde delen utkom aldrig. Tredje delen saknar här dock bladen A1-A3. Parallellt med denna latinska utgåva utkom även en tysk. De är dock inte är helt identiska med varandra. När dessa fyra hade givits ut, gavs de ut igen med ett gemensamt titelblad "Hoplophorus Sueco-Regius, ...". Denna bibliofila klassiker inom svensk historia avslutas vid slaget vid Lützen och Gustav II Adolfs död. Vem författaren Arlanibæus skall ha varit, har Warmholtz inte lyckats röna ut, men han bör ha varit en statsman. Hildebrands verk är i andra upplagan. Den första trycktes 1630

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        Rerum danicarum historia libris X unoq; tomo ad domum usq; Oldenburgicam deducta, authore Ioh.

      Isacio Pontano regio historiographio. Accedit chorographica regni Daniæ tractusq; eius universi borealis urbiumq; descriptio eodem authore. Cum indicibus locupletissimis. Amsterdam, Ioannis Ianssoni, 1631. Folio. Grav. titelblad,+ (14),+ 812,+ (52) s.+ fyra utvikbara grav. kartor. Ett helsides graverat porträtt på författaren vid 59 års ålder i dedikationen. Kartorna löst bilagda, Danmarkskartan lagad och uppfodrad, med stor bildförlust. Återkommande brunfläckiga sidor, emellanåt kraftigt, enstaka småfläckar och enstaka understrykningar med rödkrita. Svag fuktrand mot slutet. Samtida pergamentband. Med professor Carl Aurivillius namnteckning på frampärmens insida, daterad 1783. Ur Gustaf d'Albedyhlls bibliotek, med hans exlibris (variant 1 med devisen Mors sine musis vita) och ur Ericsbergs bibliotek, med Carl Jedvard Bondes exlibris klistrat över d'Albedyhlls. Warmholtz 2775. Bibl. danica III, sp. 13. Thesaurus 596. Carlander II, 499 & III, 88 & 564ff. Ej i Nordenskiöld collection. Mycket sällsynt med kartorna. Både Bibl. danica och Thesaurus anger tre kartor. Kartorna är en Danmarkskarta, en Islandskarta, en över hertigdömet Holstein och en över Fyn. Islandskartan av Carolous Flandro är densamma som sedan kom till användning först i Janssons och sedan i Blaeus stora Atlaser. Ståtligt exemplar av den nya danska rikshistorien på latin, vilken skulle ersätta Saxos krönika som internationell gångbar dansk historia. Detta är första delen, vilket var allt som publicerades i samtiden. Den andra delen trycktes först 1740. Jobbet att få fram en ny rikshistoria på latin hade pågått i Danmark sedan mitten av 1500-talet, efter att publicerandet av Johannes Magnus svenska krönika 1554 gjort behovet märkbart. Ett stort antal danska historiker och rikshistoriografer hade i tur och ordning engagerats, Svaning, Vedel, Krag, Lyschander m.fl., men ingen blev färdigt. Arild Huitfelds stora historieverk som utkom under denna tid är skriven på danska. Slutligen utsåg man två rikshistoriografer, Pontanus och Johannes Meursius, och under 1630-talet publicerades inte mindre än två olika danska historieverk, varav Pontanus är det största. (Se Skovgaard-Petersen för alla turerna kring detta). Johannes Isaac Pontanus (1571-1639) från Helsingör studerade både Leiden och i England. Han blev nära vän med den inflytelserika Arild Huitfeldt, och jobbade ett tag som assistent åt denne, vilket skulle få stor betydelse för hans danska historia. Han blev 1604 professor i Harderwijk i Holland, där han stannade till sin död, och där han utgav en stor mängd verk i historia och geografi. 1618 blev han så även dansk rikshistoriograf, med uppgiften att skriva den danska historien på latin, vars första del skulle ta 13 år i anspråk. Resten av livet jobbade han med fortsättningen, perioden 1448-1588, vilken han fullbordade strax före sin död. Denna del utgavs dock inte förrän 1740 av E. J. von Westphalen i "Monumenta inedita rerum Germanicarum". Carl Aurivillius (1717-86) var professor i österländska språk i Uppsala, bibelöversättare och medlem i Gustav III:s bibelkommission. Hans bibliotek såldes på två auktioner i Uppsala 1787 resp. 1788. Envoyén Gustaf d'Albedyhlls (1758-1819) boksamling ärvdes av hans son Carl Gustaf Eichstedt d'Albedyhll (1800-56), som därigenom tillsammans med egna förvärv byggde upp en mycket stor samling, f.f.a. inom nordisk historia. Denna samling skulle sålts på auktion 1843, men köptes i stället i sin helhet av Carl Jedvard Bonde, f.ö. samma år som denne efterträdde d'Albedyhll som överceremonimästare

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        Tabulae Manuales Logarithmicae ad Calculum Astronomicum, in specie Tabb. Rudolphinarum compendiose tractandum mire utiles. Ob defectum prioris Editionis Saganensis multum hactenus desideratae. Quibus accessit in hac Editione Introductio nova curante Joh. Casp. Eisenschmid.Strasbourg: Johannes Pastorius for Theodor Lerse, 1700.

      Rare second edition (the first obtainable edition) of the logarithmic tables used in calculating the celebrated Rudolphine Tables. Caspar records only one copy of the first edition, published in Sagan in 1631, and that defective, in the University Library of Königsberg.<br/><br/> Jacob Bartsch (1600-1633) was Kepler's son-in-law. After Kepler died in 1630, Bartsch decided that Kepler's logarithms should be made available in a less expensive form than the Rudolphine Tables published in 1627 (the first work to introduce logarithms into the field of astronomy). The intention was to fund the printing by collecting the salery owned owed to Kepler. However, due to failure of his journey to Vienna to collect the money, the printing was stopped and the distribution of the 1631 edition was practically nil. This second edition was brought out by John Caspar Eisenschmid in 1700 and in his introduction he gives a detailed account of the fate of the first edition.<br/><br/> This second edition is by no means a common book on the market (ABPC lists only two copies in the past fifty years; 1971 and 1984). A very fine copy, complete with the errata leaf.<br/><br/> Caspar 99; Erwin Tomash Library on the History of Computing K-28; Houzeau and Lancaster 12757; Lalande p.338.. Six parts in one volume. 8vo: 154 x 92 mm. Fine contemporary vellum with the original clasps intact. Pp. 40, (276), (2:errata). Title page with some very light spotting, otherwise fine and clean throughout

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Prodromi catoptricorum et dioptricorum: sive conicorum operis ad abdita radii refexi et refracti mysteria praevii et facem praeferentis. Libri quatuor priores.Paris: I. Dedin, 1639.

      First edition of all four books (books I & II had been published in 1631) of Mydorge's work on conic sections, intended to provide the geometrical basis for the study of optics. "Mydorge's work on conic sections contains hundreds of problems published for the first time, as well as a multitude of ingenious and original methods that later geometers frequently used, usually without citing their source" (DSB)<br/><br/> "In his study of conic sections Mydorge continued the work of Apollonius, whose methods of proof he refined and simplified... Mydorge asserts that if from a given point in the plane of a conic section radii to the points of the curve are drawn and extended in a given relationship, then their extremities will be on a new conic section similar to the first. This statement constitutes the beginnings of an extremely fruitful method of deforming figures; it was successfully used by La Hire and Newton, and later by Poncelet and, especially, by Chasles, who named it deformation homographique. <br/><br/> "Mydorge posed and solved the following problem in [book] III: 'On a given cone place a given conic section' - a problem that Apollonius had solved only for a right cone. Mydorge was also interested in geometric methods used in approximate construction, such as that of a regular heptagon. Another problem that Mydorge solved by approximation - although he did not clearly indicate his method - was that of transforming a square into an equivalent regular polygon possessing an arbitrary number of sides" (ibid.) <br/><br/> Mydorge (1585-1647) belonged to one of France's most illustrious families. "Like Fermat, he belonged to that elite group of seventeenth-century scientists who pursued science as amateurs but nevertheless made contributions of the greatest importance to one or more fields of knowledge" (ibid.) In 1625 Mydorge met Descartes, and they became firm friends and scientific collaborators. As Schuster has shown, in the following year Descartes and Mydorge almost certainly succeeded in formulating the mathematical law of refraction (Sasaki, p. 175). He was also a friend of Fermat and Mersenne, and in 1638 played a role in settling the dispute between Descartes and Fermat that had arisen when Fermat refuted Descartes' <i>Dioptrique</i>. <br/><br/> Publication of the work was sponsored by Sir Charles Cavendish (?1595-1654), to whom the book is dedicated. Cavendish seems to have developed contacts with foreign mathematicians and by the summer of 1631 was corresponding with Mydorge. In 1671 John Collins wrote "'they complaine in france (as we doe here) that their Booksellers will not undertake to print mathematicall Bookes there, thence it came to passe that the four latter books of Mydorge were never printed, as the former had not been unless Sir Charles Cavendish had given 50 crownes as a Dowry with it' (Collins to Gregory, 14 March 1671/2 in Newton, Correspondence 47). The manuscript of 'the four latter books' was apparently taken to England by Cavendish's brother William and Thomas Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, and then lost. The first four books were reissued in 1641 and 1660, and under the title <i>De sectionibus conicis</i> were included by Mersenne in his <i>Universae geometriae</i> (1644). <br/><br/> Albert et al 1636; B. O. A. C. P. 72; Sasaki, Descartes' Mathematical Thought, Springer 2003 (pp. 172-5); Macclesfield 1507 (lacking four pages of preliminaries and the errata leaf); not in NUC; OCLC lists two copies only in America (Brigham Young and University of Miami, School of Medicine).. Folio: 352 x 230 mm. Contemporary limp villum. Pp. [vi], 308, [2, errata], without the leaf of dedication to Cavendish (which most copies lack), woodcut printer's device on title and numerous woodcut diagrams in text. Some gatherings with heavy browning, but in all a fine and unsophisticated copy

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        Prodromi catoptricorum et dioptricorum: sive Conicorum operis ad abdita radii reflecti et refracti mysteria praeuij & facem praeferentis. Libri primus et secundus. D.A.L.G.

      Paris, Dedin, 1631. Small folio. Contemporary full vellum. The volume has been water-damaged at an early stage, leaving the bards a bit stained and "bumpy" and the interior "creased", but with very little (and then very light) staining or spotting (!). The blank endpapers damaged at margin and marginal loss to the title-page (only barely touching one letter of the inscription), otherwise no loss. Woodcut title-vignettes, initials, and borders, and numerous illustrations in the text. (10), 134 pp. + 2 leaves (!) of errata. Pp. 37-44 misnumbered (as 33-40). Fully complete - also with the second errata-leaf which might only be known in one other copy. With a two-line PRESENTATION-INSCRIPTION in Latin on the title-page, signed by the author, to the distinguished Christian S. Zeuggmann. The misnumbered pages (37-44) bear small, contemporary, hand-written corrections, presumably in the author's hand (as is also registered in two of the other four registered copies), as the ink and the writing much resembles that of the presentation-inscription. There is also a correction on p. 49. The first of the errata-leaves has a 6 line annotation in fully contemporary hand, quite surely by the author, in Latin, concerning a correction on p. 36, l. 7, and the last line explaining that "with this symbol the copy is approved" followed by an armorial stamp, as is also the case in the copy in Columbia University (registering it thus: "Final leaf has author's manuscript note (and stamp) regarding manuscript correction in text, p. 36.").. The exceedingly scarce first edition, presentation-copy with authorial corrections and authentication-stamp, of Mydorge's highly important work in optical geometry (providing the geometrical basis for optics), his famous study on conic sections, which served as inspiration for the likes of Descartes and Newton. It is in the present work that Mydorge presents for the first time his new powerful idea of deforming figures, proving important results on deforming conic sections, a groundbreaking technique, which was taken up by La Hire and Newton, and later by Poncelet and Chasles. It is furthermore in the present work that Mydorge introduces, for the first time, the term "parameter" (for the erect side) of a conic section.This first edition is of the utmost scarcity, with only four copies listed in libraries world-wide and no traceable auction-records. Not much is written about the first edition of the work, presumably due to its great scarcity; it was printed in very few copies only, and as far as we can make out, the entire print has presumably been intended as gift-copies from the author. This would explain both the immense scarcity of the work and the fact that the few other copies recorded all seem to have authorial inscriptions or the like, Columbia stating: "Final leaf has author's manuscript note (and stamp) regarding manuscript correction in text, p. 36. Other manuscript notes in margins." (corresponding exactly to our copy!), Zürich: "Handschriftl. Einträge", and Bibliothèque Nationale: "Correction manuscrite et timbre aux armes de l'auteur". As far as we can to see, no thorough or comparative study of the copies has ever been made, but everything argues in favour of the theory that the few copies that were printed of the first edition were intended as gift-copies. It seems that the author must have had merely a few copies of this work printed to give away to colleagues and has presumably made the effort to insert his corrections, both in the text, and to the first of the errata-leaves (stamping it to authenticate it at the end) in the copies that he thus gave away. Of the other four copies known, only one [Zürich] collates the second leaf of errata that our copy has. The one at Columbia certainly doesn't have it.In 1639 an expanded second edition of the work appeared, containing an additional two parts. One could speculate that the very few copies that Mydorge had printed of the first edition were made in order to get the opinions of his learned colleagues, before printing the first four parts a few years later, in 1639. It should be kept in mind that Mydorge was from a very wealthy family and will have had the means to do this, not intending to let the first edition go on the market at all. The second edition, albeit still rare, is much more common than this first, with copies sold at auction and more than 20 copies in libraries. The work was reprinted several times during the 17th century, in 1641, and 1660, and also appeared several times under the title "De sectionibus conicis..." (first time in Mersenne's "Universae geometriae" of 1644). Mydorge wrote a further portion of the work (an additional four parts), which was never published, and the manuscript of which is now lost. William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle, and Thomas Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, two English friends of the Mydorge family, took it to England, where apparently it disappeared. "In his study of conic sections Mydorge continued the work of Apollonius, whose methods of proof he refined and simplified. Among the ways of describing an ellipse, for example, two from volume II may be cited [...] This statement constitutes the beginnings of an extremely fruitful method of deforming figures; it was successfully used by La Hire and Newton, and later by Poncelet and, especially, by Chasles, who named it "deformation homographique". [...] Mydorge's works on conic sections contains hundreds of problems published for the first time, as well as a multitude of ingenious and original methods that later geometers frequently used, usually without citing their source." (Speziali, in D.S.B.IX: 598).Claude Mydorge (1585-1647) belonged to one of the richest and most illustrious families in France at the time. Educated in the field of law, he studied geometry and physics out of pure interest and published books on optics and geometry, most famously his "Prodromi", on conic sections, which contains a wealth of new examples and ideas that were very influential and frequently used by many later geometers. He became counsellor to the Chatelet, and afterwards treasurer of France in the generality of Amiens, although his heart lay in mathematical pursuits.He was one of Descartes' closest friends and frequently corresponded with him. In fact, he was one of the few who knew the whereabouts of Descartes in the thirties. He entered into a vindication of him, in the dispute which he had with M. Fermat, and he was afterwards a mediator of the peace which was made between the two in the late thirties. He was furthermore the one who instigated the connection between Descartes and Hobbes. "Mydorge's importance for Hobbes was very great; although he held a government post as Treasurer of the Généralité of Amiens, he was in fact always resident in Paris, and was able to introduce Hobbes into a circle of philosophers whose concerns quickly became those of Hobbes also. This was the famous group round a member of the ultra-ascetic Minime order, Marin Mersenne, the most significant of whom in the 1630s were René Descartes (at this point concealed from the world in Holland and communicating only via Mersenne, one of the few people who knew his address) and Pierre Gassendi." (Tuck, Philosophy and Government, p. 284). Mydorge was generally held in very high esteem by his famous contemporaries, many of whom took careful notice of what he wrote and generally worked on. He played a highly important role in the development of 17th century mathematics and intellectual thought. It is basically from the weekly meetings of Roberval, Mersenne, Mydorge, and other French geometricians that the French Academy sprung. "A friend of Descartes and an eminent geometer, Mydorge was also well versed in optics. He possessed a lively curiosity and was open to all the new ideas of his age. Like Fermat, he belonged to that elite group of seventeenth-century scientists who pursued science as amateurs but nevertheless made contributions of the greatest importance to one or more fields of knowledge." (Speziali, in D.S.B.) .In his close collaboration with his friend Descartes, Mydorge made highly important contributions to the development of modern science. It is, for instance, he, who together with Descartes discovers the law of refraction. "Descartes, working with Claude Mydorge, discovered it [i.e. the law of refraction) in 1626/27. The chief document supporting this conclusion is a letter from Mydorge to Mersenne. It is well known to students of seventeenth-century optics, but I suggest that it has not yet been properly understood. [...] Descartes consistently identified 1626/7 as the crucial period for his optical studies. He collaborated with Mydorge in that period, and Mydorge credited Descartes with the discovery of the law. [...] After presenting the cosecant form of the law, Mydorge outlines a theory of lenses clearly antecedent to the theory of lenses offered in the "Dioptrique" [by Descartes]." (Gaukroger, etc., "Descartes' Natural Philosophy", p. 272-74). Mydorge is also famous for his extremely accurate measurement of the latitude of Paris. He was also interested in methods of determining longitude and was appointed, together with Hérigone and Pascal, to sit on the famous committee that was to determine whether Morin's methods for determining longitude from the Moon's motion was practical or not.Only four copies are listed on OCLC: 1 in France (Mydorge's own copy, with his own annotations), 1 in Zürich (with handwritten notes) and two in America: Columbia (authorial notes (and stamp)), and New York Public Research Library. The copy listed in the Royal Library is NOT the the first edition, but the later 1641-edition. See: Pierre Speziali in: D.S.B. Vol. IX.Richard Tuck: "Philosophy and Government 1572-1651", 1993.S. Gaukroger, J. Schuster, J. Sutton (edt.): "Descartes' Natural Philosophy", 2000

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