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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1591

        De medicina Aegyptiorum, libri quatuor

      Venice: Francesco dei Franceschi, 1591 Book. Good. Hardcover. 1st Edition. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 4to. (240 x 170 mm). [12], 150, [25] leaves. Roman and italic types, woodcut initials, publisher's woodcut device on title, 5 text woodcuts, 2 of which are full-page. Pages browned (in margins stronger) and somewhat spotted, mainly marginal dampstaining, larger worm holes affecting about 20 leaves with loss of few letters, paper repairs to margins and worm holes, ink underlining and annotations in old hand to a few pages, endpapers renewed, title with small tear to foremargin. Modern quarter vellum. ---- Adams A-802; Cushing A146; Garrison-Morton 6468; Harvard/Mortimer Italian 16; Heirs of Hippocrates 240 (1646 edn.); NLM/Durling 178; Norman 39; Osler 1796; Waller 12509; Wellcome 232. - FIRST EDITION, title in corrected state (see Mortimer). An important work on the practice of medicine in Egypt. "One of the earliest European studies of non-Western medicine. Alpini's work dealt primarily with contemporary (i.e. Turkish) practices observed during a three-year sojourn in Egypt. These included moxibustion--the production of counter-irritation by placing burning or heated material on the skin - which Alpini introduced into European medicine ... Alpini also mentioned coffee for the first time in this work" (Norman)..

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Del compendio dell' istoria del Regno di Napoli prima parte (seconda e terza) di P. Collenuccio da Pesaro e di Mambrin Roseo da Fabriano. Con la giunta per tutto l' anno 1586 di Tomaso Costo napoletano, ed alcune utili annotazioni del medesimo in fine a ciascun libro

      Venetia: Gioseffo Pelusio 1591 (prima parte) e Barezzo Barezzi (1591 (seconda e terza parte). [Raro-Napoli] (cm.21) tre parti in due volumi. Buona piena pergamena XVII sec. il primo; ottima piena pergamena originale con tracce di lacci il secondo volume. Titoli calligrafati.-- cc. 32 nn., cc. 244; cc. 16 nn., cc. 258 + 1 c. nn + 1 c. bianca; cc. 12 nn., cc. 96. Carattere corsivo, fregi e grande stemma ai 4 frontis. Nella terza parte, con frontis proprio, si trova inserito nella numerazione da c. 73 a 96: " Nomi delle province, città, terre e castella e vescovadi del Regno di Napoli.e famiglie di Napoli" Venetia Barezzi 1591. Edizione molto rara e complessa per i molteplici interventi, difficile a trovarsi completa delle tre parti, vedi a proposito la descrizione in Giustiniani " Biblioteca Stor. e Top. Regno di Napoli " p.107. Il primo volume, prima parte, del nostro esemplare più corto dell' altro di 4 millimetri, appartiene alla rara prima tiratura stampata da Giuseppe Pelusio. Il Census, Iccu, registra solo 9 copie nelle biblioteche italiane. Riteniamo essere questa l' unica opera stampata dal Pelusio, tipografo sconosciuto ai massimi repertori come Pastorello, Ascarelli-Menato, Vaccaro, Zappella nonchè all' Adams e al Bm. Stc. Primo volume con lievi aloni e tracce d' uso all' inizio e in fine, secondo volume molto bello fresco e marginoso solo al frontis vecchio strappo restaurato con perdita di due parole. * Lozzi 2992 in nota; * Platner 227; * Coleti 129; * Dura 3791; * Fera-Morlicchio n° 840; * Adams C 2348; * Bm. Stc. 189. Tutti questi repertori citano solamente l' edizione del Barezzi.[f55] . buono. Rilegato. 1591.

      [Bookseller: Libri antichi e rari Francesco e Claudia]
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        De monetis et re numaria libri duo. Quorum primus artem cudendae monetae, secundus vero quaestionum monetariarum decisiones continet.

      Coloniae, Ioannem Gymnicum, 1591. 4to. Bound in a contemporary embossed full vellum binding. Spine with a bit of discolouring; marks from a removed paper title-label. Contemporary handwriting to second front free end-paper and to top of title-page. Internally very fine and clean. (76), 798 pp. (As usual with the typopgraphical errors: pp. 139, 234, 267,353, 685, 768 are numbered as 339, 202, 263, 343, 645, 778. These errors are to be found in all published copies. See Einaudi 737).. Scarce first edition of one of the earliest - and most important - works on coinage, dealing with weight and measure, as well as the value and devaluation of money. Apart from the seminal original contribution of Budel, this extensive work contains 29 contributions by earlier philosophers and theologians on the subject, - a compilation of almost every earlier treatise on the subject - which, in a true Renaissance spirit, makes it the very first compilation in economic history. ''De Monetis et re numaria remained the standard work on the subject for almost two centuries. (Nussbaum, A Note on the Idea of World Money). During the Renaissance, international banking saw a rise, which eventually resulted in a demand for one uniform European coinage. Budelius' thesis can be read as an ideological response to this demand, as he argued for precisely that: a unified market with one universal coinage. In this sense, his work anticipates by several hundred years many of the economic thoughts presented by the Classical economists during the second half of 18th century. Budelius discusses the metallic view and the abuse of adulteration and falsification, and then attempts an exposition of how money may be coined in the most practical way. He then goes on to deal with the problem of how a debtor will meet his obligations if the coinage has been debased since the time the debt was contacted or the loan received. He maintaind that the same bullion value must be repaid although the coin may be depreciated - a view that was generally accepted at the time.The third part of the work consists of a compilation of almost every earlier treatise on the subject. In nearly all of them, the central problem is the same as the one discussed in the second book of Budelius' work. (Mariana ,The political economy of Juan de Mariana).The general thesis of Budelius' work is that the trading partners should seek to use only one currency and that the law of coinage and money's natural state (an early reference to how money behave in the market) should be unified. In the period of the Cologne War, Germany had several different currencies and laws in relation to coinage and minting of coins. This not only restrained the domestic trade in Germany, it also lead to armed conflict which again resulted in a more fragmented economy. Budelius's work can be read as an attempt to unify Germany (and the rest of Europe) under one currency, which also would serve the purpose of stabilizing the highly volatile curriencies during this period: The widely cited Rene Budel (1591) held it to be indubitable that a Prince in the midst of costly wars, and therefore in great necessity, can order that money be made out of leather, bark, salt, or any material he wants, if he is careful to repair the loss inflicted thereby on the community with good and better money. (Cambridge Companion to Economic Thought). In the sense of unifying Europe under one currency, Budelius seperates himself from not only Medieval monetary thinkers, but from his contemporary mercantilists as well: The medieval literature on money is characterized by nascent nationalism, with the imagery of the body applied to the kingdom, and of money as the blood moving through its parts. Nicole Oresme's De Moneta pointed out that if money is accumulated in the king's treasury and withdrawn from circulation, it constitutes an abscess in the body. (Cambridge Companion to Economic Thought). His comments represent the synthesis of two traditions, one uncovering the theoretical possibility of fiat money, the other uncovering its practical usefulness, as means of raising revenues in emergencies, from examples taken from history. Budelius cites examples of copper petty coinage in Germany and the Low countries, and gives examples of siege money. From Maastricht in 1579 (copper), Vienna in 1529 (lead), tin in Neuss, and even paper siege money in Leyden in 1574. He then writes: I hold this to be indubitable, as I recall a little earlier, that a Prince in the midst of costly wars, and therefore in great necessity, can order that money be made out of leather, bark, salt, or any material he wants, if he is careful to repair the loss inflicted thereby on the community with good and better money. The insights of Budel about token money were to be tested by some experiments in the coming years and were carried further by important theorists in the Renaissance and later. Budelius (1530-91), was a practitioner, a jurist by training, who worked as diplomat for the archbishop of Cologne, and later as mint-master in Westphalia for the duke of Bavaria. This is reflected in his practical and empirical approach to the economic challenges the Renaissance society was subjected to, unlike the more often seen theoretical and moral approach. Goldsmith 254; Mattioli 451; Einaudi 737; Adams 3153

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        De gentibus et familiis Romanorum.

      Venedig Aldus 1591. (16) 160 pp. Small 8:o. Old english binding, calf. Binding worn. The Aldus device, later style, only on the titlepage

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Thomas Andersson]
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        "Universe Europæ Maritime Einsque Navigationis Descriptio"

      Engraved map, 54x41,5cm Antwerp 1591-92 Published by Jean Bellère and Cornelis Claesz and replaced the "Universe Europe maritime..." from 1584 (see Kunstantikvariat PAMA, March 2011 entry 71 and the chart above). There are several changes to the previous map. The shape of Iceland is very different and more precisely, it extends further north and east to include Italy, the Finnish Bay and parts of The Adriatic sea, Russia and Novaya Zemlya. The chart shows close resemblance with Cornelis Doedsz' depiction of Scandinavia "Tabula hydrographica, tum maris Baltici..." (1589 or later). One of three recorded copies, all in institutions, is in theThe Norwegian National Library. The Doedsz chart was also engraved by the Van Doetecum brothers. Their engraved style is distinctive. They manage to provide incredible detail while maintaining absolute clarity. Our copy is in a strong, black impression with a delicate plate tone.. As commonly seen the left, right and lower margin are trimmed with some loss of the grade scale, the lower is trimmed into the bottom of the map. A fine, small restoration south-west of Iceland. The text verso slightly comes through in the Mediterranean. "Old" Koeman volume IV Wag 9B, William B. Ginsberg "Septentrionalium Regionum" - An Exhibit Oslo 2001, no. 28 - The Scandinavia chart by Doedsz owned by The National Library, Oslo, on loan)

      [Bookseller: Kunstantikvariat PAMA AS]
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        In artem analyticum isagoge: eiusdem, Ad logisticem speciosam notae priores. Francisci Vieta Fontenaeensis ; recensuit, scholiisq; illustravit I.D.B[eaugrand].Paris: Guillaume Baudry, 1631. First edition.

      First printing of Viète's <i>Ad logisticem speciosam notae priores</i> (one of his main works), together with the second edition of his <i>In artem analyticum isagoge</i>, "the earliest work on symbolic algebra [by] the greatest French mathematician of the sixteenth century" (PMM). The first edition of the <i>Isagoge</i>, published at Tours in 1591, is, together with the Lobachevsky, the rarest mathematical work in PMM, and this second edition is in fact rarer than the first in institutional collections [OCLC lists only copies in France and UK].<br/><br/> "The 'Introduction to the Art of Analysis' is the earliest work on symbolic algebra. Viète's greatest innovation in mathematics was the denoting of general or indefinite quantities by letters of the alphabet instead of abbreviations of words as used hitherto. Known quantities were represented by consonants, unknown ones by vowels; squares, cubes, etc., were not represented by new letters but by adding the words quadratus, cubus, etc. Viète also brought the + and - signs into general use. This algebraic symbolism made possible the development of analysis, with its complicated processes, a fundamental element in modern mathematics" (PMM). "This innovation, considered one of the most significant advances in the history of mathematics, prepared the way for the development of algebra" (DSB). <br/><br/> "To the treatises of the <i>Isagoge</i> belong <i>Ad logisticen speciosam notae priores</i> and <i>Ad logisticen speciosam notae posteriores,</i> the latter now lost. The first was not published during his lifetime, because Viète believed that the manuscript was not yet suitable for publication. (It was published by Jean Beaugrand in 1631.) It represents a collection of elementary general algebraic formulas that correspond to the arithmetical propositions of the second and ninth books of Euclid's <i>Elements</i>, as well as some interesting propositions that combine algebra with geometry. In propositions 48-51 Viète derives the formulas for sin 2x; cos 2x; sin 3x; cos 3x; sin 4x; cos 4x; sin 5x; cos 5x expressed in terms of sin x and cos x by applying proposition 46... He remarks, that the coefficients are equal to those in the [binomial] expansion..., that the various terms must be 'homogeneous' and that the signs are alternately + and -" (DSB). <br/><br/> The editor, Jean Beaugrand (ca. 1590-1640) "studied under Viète and became mathematician to Gaston of Orléans in 1630; in that year J. L. Vaulezard dedicated his <i>Cinq livres des Zététiques de FR. Viette</i> to Beaugrand, who had already achieved a certain notoriety from having published Viète's <i>In artem analyticam isagoge</i>, with scholia and a mathematical compendium, in 1631. Some of the scholia were incorporated into Schooten's edition of [Viète's <i>Opera Mathematica</i> of] 1646" (DSB, under Beaugrand). Beaugrand was an early friend of Fermat and became his official Paris correspondent, before being replaced in that role by Carcavi. He also communicated some of Fermat's results to Castelli, Cavalieri and Galileo, all of whom seem to have been impressed by his mathematical ability. In France he became involved in several polemics: against Desargues, claiming that the main proposition of the <i>Brouillon projet</i> was nothing but a corollary to a proposition in Apollonius; and against Descartes, claiming that his <i>Géométrie</i> was plagiarized from Harriot, and that Viète's methods were in any case superior. <br/><br/> OCLC: BNF and Glasgow only; COPAC adds Oxford, UCL and University of London Senate House (for comparison OCLC lists some 15 copies of the 1591 edition). PMM 103 (1591 edition).. 12mo (108 x 57 mm), pp [12] 99 [1:errata]; [2] 99, 200-233 [2] [1:blank], although the pagination jumps from 99 to 200 the signatures are continuous (i.e., i2-i3), fine contemporary limp vellum with gilt decoration to front and rear boards, manuscript paper label to spine, two very small paper flaws to the first title, otherwise very fine and clean throughout

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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