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        1- Battista Ramusio discorso sopra gli scritti di Giovan Maria Angiolello & d'un mercante ch'andò per tutta la Persia, ne' quali è narrata la vita & li fatti d'Ussuncassan - Breve narratione della vita et fatti delsignor Ussuncassano

      Venice: Giunti, 1559. ......2- Di messer Iosafa Barbaro, gentiluomo veneziano, il viaggio della Tana e nella Persia. 3- Viaggio del Magnifico Messer Ambrosio Contarini. Titles: [1- Writings of a Merchant, Giovanni Maria Angiolello on Persia, on the Life and Uzun Hasan. A Brief Narrative of the Life and Facts of the Sovereign Uzun Hasan. 2- Giosafat Barbaro, a Venetian Nobleman, Travels to Tana and Persia. 3- Travels of the Magnificent Ambrosio Contarini] Folio. Venice: Giunti, 1559. 62 pages (numbered 65-126). Text is in Italian. Three accounts, each one in itself complete. Together in a recent binding, brown cloth over marbled boards, titled in gilt to spine. These are the original pages, published in 1559, from Ramusio's monumental multi-volume compilation of circumnavigations, voyages and travels, 'Delle Navigationi et Viaggi'. Ink blemish to one leaf, otherwise, printed 450 years ago, these pages are in very good condition, clean and bright, nicely preserved. Italian travel accounts represent a mjor source for the history of Iran, especially that of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The first attempt to assemble this kind of material was made by Venetian humanist, historian, and geographer Giovan Battista Ramusio. This is three separate accounts all dealing with Persia, from volume II of Ramusio's Collection of Voyages. The first narrative is essentially a first person chronicle of the political and military events in Persia from 1467 to 1524, and particularly a report of the Turkish-Persian wars. It describes Uzun Hasan, ruler of the Turkmen Ak Koyunlu dynasty from 1453 to 1478, who created a short-lived empire in Iran, Iraq, and Armenia. Further topics include the campaign of Caramania against the Ottomans in which Aq Qoyunlu forces were defeated, the Turkish counter offensive in 1474 in which the author took part and describes in detail the two opposing armies, a Persian campaign in Georgia from 1477-80, and Uzun Hasan's death in 1478. The second section, in twenty-three succinct chapters, concerns the beginnings of the Safavid rise to power: Yaqub Padsah Sultan's succession to Uzun Hasan; the struggle of Shaikh Haydar and his "Sofians" against Rostam; Shaikh Haydar's death; the birth, education, character, and rise of Esmail; his conquest of Iraq at the turn of the sixteenth century, subsequent campaigns against Ottomans and Uzbeks until 1515, his campaign in Sirvan and the conquest of Samaki, the Ottoman campaign of Egypt and the conquest of Cairo in 1516-17. Giovanni Maria Angiolello (1451- ca.1525), was a Venetian adventurer, merchant, and author of this important historical report on the Aq Qoyunlu and early Safavid Persia. Of noble family, he took part as a youth in the defense of Negroponte, besieged by the Ottoman emperor Mehmed II. In the summer of 1470 he was captured and enslaved by the Turks, then transferred to Constantinople. In 1472 he was assigned to Mosafa Celebi, the Sultan’s second son and commander of the Ottoman troops in the war against the Aq Qoyunlu Uzun Hasan, who at that time was allied with the Venetian Republic. After the death of Mosafa Celebi (1474), Angiolello became a daftardar (treasurer) of Mehmed II and was among the officers of his suite in the palace of Constantinople and on various military campaigns. He also entered the service of the following sultan, Bayazid II. The second account is a valuable resource, as much of the information about the Kipchak Khanate, Persia, and Georgia is not found in any other sources. This is an account of 16 years of travels from 1436 to 1452 by a merchant named Giosafat Barbaro, who travelled to the Genoese colony Tana on the Sea of Azov. During this time the Golden Horde was disintegrating due to political rivalries. Giosaphat Barbaro (1413-1494) was a member of the Venetian Barbaro family. He was a diplomat, merchant and explorer. He was unusually well-traveled for someone of his times. In 1472, Giosafat Barbaro was selected as an ambassador to Persia, due to his experience in the Crimean, Muscoy, and Tartary. He also spoke Turkish and some Persian. Barbaro was provided with an escort of ten men and an annual salary of 1800 ducats. His instructions included urging admiral Pietro Mocenigo to attack the Ottomans and attempting to arrange naval cooperation from the Kingdom of Cyprus and the Knights of Rhodes. He was also in charge of three galleys full of artillery, ammunition, and military personnel who were to assist Uzun Hassan. Ambrogio Contarini was Barbaro's fellow ambassador to Persia, and the author of the third account here, in which he chronicles their travels to Persia and Tana, and his equally notable observations from 1473-1477. .

      [Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts, ]
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        Diccionario de la Lengua Tarasca o de Michoacán

      518 pages with facsimiles and wood cuts. Small folio. (13" x 9 1/4") bound in three quarter leather with marbled boards with gilt lettering to spine. Compiled and re-impression under the direction of Antonio Penafiel. Inscribed by Penafiel. First published in 1559. Second edition limited to 200 copies of which this is number 5.When the Franciscans arrived in Michoacán in 1525, they found a new challenge, the language of the natives of the region, whom they came to call Tarascans was different from other native languages of New Spain. Maturino Gilberti, a Franciscan friar whose skills in the Tarascan language exceeded those of their peers. When his works were printed it was the first attempt of a systematic analysis of the language, and his vocabulary is still the best known Tarascan dictionary. Prior to his arrival in the new world, very little is know, it is thought that he may have been born in 1498. but it could have been in 1507 or 8 in the city of Poitiers, France. He studied arts and theology at the University of Toulouse and came to New Spain in 1531, shortly after his ordination. Fray Alonso de la Rea, Michoacán?s Franciscan chronicler of the seventeenth century, says Gilberti went directly to Michoacán. He quickly learned the language and was held in high admiration by the natives. It seems that his first publication was a Christian doctrine that came out in 1553. In 1556 we find Fray Gilberti in Tzintzuntzan, were Quiroga established the episcopal see and where indigenous Tzintzuntzans and other subjected Indians were forced in building the his cathedral. Gilberti stood against Bishop Quiroga and the enslavement of the indigenous to build and pay for the cathedral. In the summer of 1558 Gilberti proposed several books to be printed in Mexico. He Had obtained approval for them by James Daciano, guardian (superior of the convent)of the Franciscans in Tzintzuntzan, in July. He must have acted quickly, because on August 10 received letters from Archbishop Alonso, and the Franciscan provincial authorizing the publication of his books. Within the same twelve month period the Viceroy Luis de Velasco gave his written approval. In accordance with such approvals he would published four books in Mexico during the course of less than one year. All were published at the press of Juan Pablo. It seems that Gilberti had thought that his grammar (Arte) and dictionary (vocabulary) were two parts of the same work. This is probably the reason why the dictionary does not have the usual written approvals, because the dictionary is mentioned in the letters to the principle of grammar. Gilberti died in Tzintzuntzan 1585.Condition:Inscribed on half title, spine spine, hinges, edges and corners rubbed, corners bumped. Internally very good in good binding.

      [Bookseller: The Book Collector]
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        De Re Anatomica Libri XV

      Woodcut title-page, woodcut initials, & printer's woodcut device on recto of final leaf. 4 p.l., 169 (i.e., 269), [3] pp. Small folio, 17th-cent. vellum over boards (foot of spine a little worn). Venice: V. Valgrisi for N. Bevilacqua, 1559. First edition, issue with the dedication to Pope Pius IV, of Colombo's only work, containing his discovery of pulmonary circulation. "This historic breakthrough in his demonstration of the lesser circulation through the lungs secures his place of importance in the line culminating in Harvey's demonstration of the circulation of the blood sixty-nine years later."-Heirs of Hippocrates 304. Colombo was a one-time colleague and friend of Vesalius, whose chair of anatomy and surgery Colombo took over in 1544. He was critical of Vesalius's illustrations and text of the Fabrica and planned to produce an illustrated anatomy with figures by Michelangelo, but this project was never realized although the two had collaborated on anatomical investigations. Colombo was the first anatomist to criticize Vesalius for errors of anatomy. "In 1559 Colombo published his own unillustrated text, De re anatomica, consisting of fifteen books...Colombo seems to have eschewed the deep Galenic learning shared by other leading contemporary anatomists, but to judge from the De re anatomica he more than compensated for this by his rich experience in dissection, vivisection, autopsy, and the practice of surgery. Quite naturally the Fabrica provided the main framework for his studies, and he made numerous improvements in Vesalius's descriptions besides reporting a number of new discoveries of his own. The many pathological and anomalous observations he described likewise reflect his wide experience and attention to detail. He also had a strong interest in physiology and seems to have been unsurpassed among his contemporaries in his skill at vivisection... "Colombo realized that his discovery [of pulmonary circulation] had eliminated the need for the Galenic septal pores, but is was also clear to him that the pulmonary circuit is an important phenomenon in its own right. He particularly emphasized that it is in the lungs, rather than in the heart, that the venous blood is mixed with air and converted to arterial blood. The arterial blood was thought to preserve the life of all parts of the body, and the unique ability to generate this important substance had been one of the traditional attributes of the heart. By transferring this power to the lungs, Colombo was quite consciously diminishing the status of the heart, whose main task was now to distribute the arterial blood rather than to generate it."-D.S.B., III, pp. 355-56. The fine woodcut title-page, here in a strong and rich impression, depicts an anatomy lesson being conducted by Colombo. It has been attributed variously to Titian, Giuseppe Porta, and Salviati. See Mortimer 129 on the different interpretations of this block. Minor pale dampstain in fore-edge margin of 5 leaves and a pale dampstain in gutter of last 30 leaves, otherwise a fine and clean copy. Early inscription of M. de Campa and shelfmarks at foot of title-page and old library stamp on verso. ❧ Garrison-Morton 378.1. .

      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.]
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        The Contentes of this booke. Fyrste the Booke for a Iustice of peace. The boke that teacheth to kepe a courte Baron, or a lete. The booke teachynge to kepe a courte hundred. The boke called returna Brevium [etc.]. S.T.C. 14883; Beale T154

      The collection of highly practical treatises designed for justices of the peace, sheriffs, bailiffs and other local officials first printed by Pynson in 1505, including (as well as those above) Novae Additiones, Carta Foedi and Exchequer Ordinance. Modern calf, extensive but unobtrusive worming, repairs; sound. Imprinted . . . in Fletestreet . . . by Richard Tottil [etc.], London, 1559.

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Grosz Chirurgei / oder volkommene Wundartznei. Chirurgischen Handtwirckung eygentlicher Bericht / und Inhalt alles so der Wundartznei angehörig. Mit künstlicher Fürmalung / klarer Beschreibung unnd Anzeyg vilfaltiger nutzbarkeit unnd gebrauchs / aller hierzu dienlicher unnd gebreuchlicher Instrument oder Ferrament. Deren gestalt vormals im Truck nit aussgangen. - (Angebunden:) Ders.: Letzte Theyl der grossen Teutschen Chirurgei / oder vollkommenen Wundartznei. Rechte / warhaffte / eygentliche underscheydung / und gründtliche Cur allerhandt eusserlicher Geschwulst / Apostem / Bläterlin / und mancherley Geschwellen des gantzen Leibs ... Vormals im Truck nicht aussgangen.

      4°. (I:) 4 n.n. Bl., 4 n.n. Bl. Register, CLXXXVII Bl., 1 weisses Bl. Mit Titelholzschnitt in Rot und Schwarz, 145 Textholzschitten; (II:) 4 n.n. Bl., CXVII Bl. Mit Titelholzschnitt und 30 Textholzschnitten. Pergament der Zeit. 2 Teile in einem Band. Waller 8347. - Wellcome I, 5677. - Durling 4016 (für die erste Ausgabe Frankfurt 1545). - Erste vollständige Ausgabe. Der erste Teil erschien 1545 zum ersten Mal. In der Vorrede zum zweiten Teil berichtet der Verleger Egenolff, dass Ryff "diesen Theyl ... nach seinem Absterben hinderlassen / und nachdem des von vilen / dieser kunst erfarnen / wirdig geacht worden / zu publicieren und in Truck zuuordnen ... haben wir dich dises nützlichen Buchs / dieweil es uns zuhanden kommen / nicht wöllen berauben ... (Vorwort zum zweiten Teil). Gurlt, in "Geschichte der Chirurgie S. 42 ff" geht davon aus, dass Ryffs "grosze Chirurgei" eine eigentliche Bearbeitung von Gerssdorfs "Feldtbuch der Wundartzney" ist, die Ryff mit Übersetzungen aus anderen Werken seiner Zeit, wie von Tagault anreicherte. Gurlt nennt das Werk planlos und unvollständig, weist aber darauf hin, dass Ryff durch seinen Tode das Buch nicht vollenden konnte. "Nichts destoweniger ist die grosse Chirurgie als zu den ältesten deutschen Schriften der Chirurgie gehörig, von Wert" (Gurlt). Der eindrückliche Titelholzschnitt in Rot und Schwarz gedruckt mit der Darstellung einer Unterschenkel-Amputation in Gegenwart eines Geistlichen. Die anatomischen Holzschnitte stammen aus der "Anatomia mundini" von Johannes Dryander. Die Holzschnitte mit den Instrumenten sind verkleinerte Nachschnitte aus dem Buch von Gerssdorf. - Mit handschriftlichen Besitzvermerken auf dem Innendeckel und auf dem letzten weissen Blatt des ersten Teils u.a. eines "Hans Bärger Barbieres Sohn des Meister Jakob Bärger zu Unterhallau 1729". Durchgehend gebräunt, zum Teil stockfleckig. Mit durchgehendem gegen Ende stärker werdendem Wasserrand im unteren Drittel. Titelblatt alt hinterlegt. Titel, Vorsätze und im Schnitt mit alter Blutspur. Die letzten 40 Blatt am unteren Rand teilweise mit alten Papierergänzungen, dadurch wiederholt Textverluste, meist auf der untersten Zeile, bei fünf Blättern jedoch auch weiter in den Text reichend. Einband fleckig. Im Ganzen ein ordentliches Arbeitsexemplar. - Résumé: First complet edition. The first part first published 1545. With title woodcut and 30 text woodcuts. Contemporary vellum (stained). Water stained. Over 40 pages at lower edge with paper losses. Partly repaired and with text losses.

      [Bookseller: EOS Buchantiquariat Benz]
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        Offenbarung der Natur unnd Natürlicher dingen auch mancherley subtiler würckungen Darinn kunstlich die art und eigenschafft dess gantzen umbkreyss der welt, beyde himmelischer und elementischer Spheren angezeiget werden, Auch der Cometen, dess gestirns, metallen, Gesteinen, unnd einfluss würckungen. Mitt sampt den Pfalnzungen...Thiere und Menschen...Feiiwis, künsten unnd handtwercken...etc. etc. Alles durch Heinrich Pantaleon.....zu güten Teütcher nation, ganz fleissig und auff das treüwlichest verteütscher.

      Basel, (Heinrich Petri, 1559). Folio. Contemporary full richly blindstamped pigskin binding over wooden boards. Elaborately illustrated inner and outer roll-borders to boards, with saints and apostles. Remains of brass clasps to boards. Four raised bands to spine. Lower compartment of spine with a crack in leather, but overall a very good, sturdy, and tight copy in a lovely contemporary German typical Renaissance binding. Title-page with a large woodcut medaillon portrait of the author. Old owner's inscriptions to title-page (dated 1645). A (mostly very light) dampstain to upper corners and the last ab. 100 leaves also with a small dampstain in outer margin, minor and mainly marginal brownspots. Numerous small woodcuts and line drawings in the text, illustrating astronomy, mechanics, physics, technology, botany, mineralogy, alchemy, etc. (52), 934, (2) pp. (last leaf recto with printer and year - verso with woodcut printer's device).. Scarce first edition thus, being the seminal first German edition of two of Cardanus' most influential works, under the joint title "Disclosure of Nature and Natural Things...", constituting the first printing of the first translation into German of any part of Cardanus' foundational main work "De Subtilitate" (originally published in Latin in 1550), "a rambling miscellany of natural philosophy which eventually grew to twenty-one books and appeared in many reprints and revisions before and after Cardano's death in 1575" (Copenhaver & Schmitt, p. 308) as well as the first printing of the first German translation of the great sequel to the "De Subtilitate", namely "De rerum varietate", (originally published in Latin in 1557), containing the translation of all 17 books in their entirety. These two works, here presented as en entity for the first time, constitute in their unity the greatest encyclopaedia of Renaissance Science and they greatly influenced scientific thought of the following century. "The two works, written in an elliptical and often obscure Latin, contain a little of everything: from cosmology to the construction of machines; from the usefulness of natural sciences to the evil influence of demons; from the laws of machanics to cryptology. It is a mine of facts, both real and imaginary; of notes of the states of the sciences; of superstition, technology, alchemy, and various branches of the occult. The similarities between the scientific opininons expressed by Cardano in these two works and those of Leonardo da Vinci, at that time unpublished, has led some historians, particularly Pierre Duheim to suppose that Cardano has used Leonardo's manuscript notes; others insist that the similarity is intirely coincidental. Be that as it may, Cardano must always be credited with having introduced new ideas that inspired new investigations." (DSB III:66). It is through his great enclyclopaedic endeavors that many of da Vinci's unpublished ideas are passed on to the likes of Stevin, Galilei and Descartes, but Cardanus not only reported and collected, he himself made important contributions in the fields of mathematics and algebra, mechanics (where he developed and went beyond Leonardo da Vinci's ideas on the balance and virtual velocities), in chemistry, astronomy, mineralogy, hydrodynamics, etc. In fact, it seems that there is hardly a scientific field to which Cardanus' encyclopedic work did not make the most important contributions. As an example, Stillwell lists the "De subtilitate" under no less than three different chapters (Medicine, Natural Science, Physics): "[w]ritten in a popular style and treating a wide range of subjects. Includes a description of a touch-system not unlike Braille, as an aid to the blind, and a suggestion regarding a sign-language for the deaf. According to Garrison, Cardano's biological concepts tended toward evolution." (III: 329). "A philosophical discussion of method, tending toward evolution in its biologic concepts. Wightman ... speaks of Cardano's heat as having a "modern" character. The author was a scientist of advanced ideas and varied interests, his writing relating to medicine, physics, natural science, and in particular to mathematics." (IV:609). "Cardano refers to the electro-magnetic powers of the lodestone, magnetic declination, and electrification by friction. He describes pumps, siphons, the water-screw of Archimedes, and machinery for raising sunken vessels. His concepts regarding heat and various other matters veered towards the modern." (V:745). Wellcome I:1302. - Ferguson No. 2483. Dibner No. 139 (Latin edition). - Graesse II:45

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Discorso sopra il principio di tutti i canti d'orlando furioso... di nuovo ristampato, et con diligenza revisto. in vinegia, appresso gabriel giolito de' ferrari, 1559.

      Cm. 16,5, cc. 88. Marchio giolitino al frontespizio, ritratto della Terracina al verso del frontespizio, testate, capolettera e molte affascinanti incisioni xilografiche ad un terzo di pagina. Solida legatura antica (seicentesca?) in piena pelle, dorso a nervi con titoli e fregi in oro. Ex libris. Qualche macchietta al verso dell'ultima carta, peraltro esemplare ben conservato. Celebre opera composta dalla letterata Laura Terracina nata a Napoli nel 1519. Col nome di Febea diventa membro dell'Accademia degli Incogniti (1545-1547), le sue opere hanno moltissime riedizioni e si trovano in varie raccolte. Nel 1548 a Venezia, esce la prima edizione delle Rime, successivamente più volte ristampate. Nel 1549 un altro libretto di Rime, a Firenze. Nello stesso anno a Venezia pubblica il Discorso sopra i primi canti dell'Orlando Furioso, che ottiene un immediato successo. Ogni canto ha un'ottava introduttiva di dedica seguita da sette ottave in cui l'autrice sviluppa i temi morali e di lode accennati nella prima. Con l'ottava ariostesca Laura Terracina rovescia i discorsi dominanti sulle donne e trova modo di spronare le donne a studiare. Muore attorno al 1575. Cfr. Agnelli-Ravegnani pp. 202-204.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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