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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1558

        ACTA ROMANORUM PONTIFICUM, à dispersione Discipulorum Christi, usq[ue] ad tempora Pauli Quarti, qui nunc in Ecclesia tyrannizat / ex Ioannis Balei Sudouolgij Angli maiore Catalogo Anglicorum scriptorum desumpta, & in tres classes, libros uerò semptem,

      Basileae: Ex officina Ioannis Oporini, anno Salutis humanae M.D.LVII. Mense Iulio, 1558. 15 cm. x 10 cm., pp. [48], 555, [133] - several errors in pagination. Signatures: *-3, a-z8, A-V8, includes Index, woodcut portrait of the author on verso of title-page, errata p. [46]-[47] (first count), colophon (recto of final leaf V8). Contemporary, gilt and blind-stamped full calf, 4 raised bands. Covers quite worn and scuffed, front and rear upper corner and rear bottom edge worn with boards exposed, tear to leather at head of spine exposing signatures and bit of first raised band, top headband partially loose but present, tailband missing, 1.5 cm x 2 cm piece missing from tail of spine, 2 tiny punctures at fore-edge of upper and lower boards which may once have held ties or a clasp anchor, gilt quite worn. Most interesting is the upper and lower pastedowns which are loose, exposing the scrap vellum used in the binding (the building up of the boards to equalize the leather turn-ins). The vellum was not washed prior to use and contains what could be a double-sided antiphon, the staff being drawn in red and blue inks with much handwriting, the writing, etc. fading and offset to adjoining boards and paper. Contemporary? ink name of "John Napton his Book" to what would be the front pastedown endpaper and a later inked name with note to title-page, pencil marginalia, otherwise quite a good copy. "After Bale's death John Studley translated the Acta Romanorum Pontificum [Latin, 1558] as The Pageant of Popes in 1574." . Original Leather. Very Good. 16 mo..

      [Bookseller: Hugh Anson-Cartwright Fine Books, ABAC/I]
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        Dell'Historia Vinitana. Libri XXXIII. Con la giunta de gli Epitomi di nuovo tradotti dal Latino, et molte altre cose, che nell'ultima stampa mancavano. Con la tavola delle cose notabili.

      De' Rossi., Vinegia. 1558 - In 16°, p. perg., cc.nn. 39 + cc.n. 468. Front. fig. capilettera su piccole inc. Lievi gore. Esempl. rifilato al marg. sup. Il vol. è mancante del quaderno D , l'ultimo delle Tavole.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Cicerone]
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        De Natvra Aquatilivm Carmen.

      In vniuersam Gvlielmi Rondeletii ... quam de Piscibus marinis scripsit historiam: Cum viuis eorum imagnibus, Opusculu nunc primum in luce emissum. Lugduni, apvd Matthiam Bonhome, 1558. 2 parts (bound in 1). Royal-8vo (197 x 140 mm). pp. 20, 240; pp. 135. With woodcut portrait of the author and 466 fine woodcuts of fishes, shells and other sea animals. 18th century half calf, floral gilt ornamented spine with red label, marbled sides (top of spine a bit chipped). A mint copy of the first and only edition. Boussuet's epitome in Latin (and some in Greek) verses of Rondelet's 'Libri de Piscibus'. It is illustrated with the same excellent 466 woodcuts by George Reverdy, a most skilful draughtsman working in Lyon from 1529 to 1564, as occur in Rondelet's work. He admirably captured the features of the great variety of fishes and shells. The cuts include the famous 'monk' and 'bishop' sea monster, of which according to Rondelet, the first was seen in Norway and the second found in Poland in 1531. The verses of Boussuet, a doctor in medicine, include much information about the taste and nature of fish meat and shells. The first part deals with fish only, the second part largely deals with shells. Nissen ZBI, 511; Paleari-Henssler, 'Bibliografia Latino-Italiana di Gastronomia', p. 115.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Junk B.V.]
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        Alphabetum Graecum. De potestate literarum, ac divisione earumdem. Abbreviationes quibus Graeci frequantissime utuntur. Oratio dominica, cum alijs quibusdam precatiunculis Graece, versione Latina e regione posita.

      [Venezia, Giovanni Varisco?, non prima del 1558], in-8 piccolo, copertine ottenute riutilizzando un foglio in pergamena recante frammenti d'un manoscritto musicale quattrocentesco, pp. [8]. Con marca tipografica sul front.: sirena bicaudata. Testo in caratteri greci e latini. Solo 5 esemplari segnalati in Edit16.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Gozzini]
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        Apologia de gli Academici dei Banchi di Roma contra M. Lodovico Castelvetro da Modena. In forma d'uno Spaccio di Maestro Pasquino. Con alcune operette del Predella, del Buratto, di Ser Fedocco in difesa de la seguente Canzone del Commendatore Annibal Caro.

      in Parma, In Casa di Seth Viotto [Viotti], 1558. 1558 In-4° antico (205x147mm), pp. 268, (16) di indice bicolonne, registro, errata; legatura antica p. pergamena con titolo manoscritto anticamente sul dorso. Tagli marmorizzati policromi. Impresa in xilografia al frontespizio e al colophon. Capilettera figurati elegantemente incisi in xilografia, finalini xilografici. Annotazioni di antica mano al contropiatto anteriore. Restauri marginali alle prime 10 pp., sparse bruniture e aloni. Discreto stato. Prima rara edizione. Scrive il Gamba: "Qualche esemplare... ha nel frontespizio una diversa impresa, ora intagliata in legno, ed ora in rame, portante un Acciarino da fucile". Il nostro esemplare appartiene a questa più rara tiratura; la tiratura più corrente reca anche nel frontespizio l'impresa del liocorno. L'opera venne composta da Annibal Caro, nascosto sotto la finzione letteraria dell'inesistente dicitura "Academici dei Banchi" (Predella, Buratto e Fedocco sono nomi fittizi del Caro medesimo); il volume innescò un'aspra polemica di carattere linguistico e politico tra il Caro e Ludovico Castelvetro, che aveva giudicato severamente un sonetto in lode della casa di Valois ("Venite all"ombra dei gran gigli d"oro") scritto dal Caro nel 1553 (Manzoni cita il sonetto nei "Promessi Sposi", alludendo proprio alla diatriba letteraria di cui esso fu il fomite). All'"Apologia" rispose poi in prima persona il Castelvetro, suscitando, come reazione a catena, alcuni violentissimi sonetti del Caro che diffondevano gravissime accuse contro il letterato modenese: ad esempio che avesse fatto assassinare Alberigo Longo, partigiano del Caro, e che egli fosse eretico e sacrilego. Le calunnianti accuse del Caro valsero al Castelvetro un processo del tribunale dell'Inquisizione che lo costrinse a lasciare Roma. Gamba, 276. Olschki, Choix, 16639. Razzolini, 88. Poggiali, I, 92. Brunet, I, 1588. Adams, C-739. Graesse, I, 9. Melzi, I, 5: "Questi sono Academici ideali usciti dalla fantasia di Annibal Caro, col nome de' quali volle coprire sè stesso ed alcuni suoi amici. La mentovata edizione venne alla luce anche con diverso frontespizio, cioè col titolo di Spaccio di Maestro Pasquino Romano a messer Lodovico Castelvetro da Modena ecc.". Manca al Moranti e a STC Italian Books.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Galleria Gilibert]
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        Apologia adversus Amathum Lusitanum, cum censura in eiusdem enarrationes.

      Venice, Vincenzo Valgrisi, 1558. 8vo (159 x 100mm). ff. (112), with printer's device on title; some slight dustsoiling on title, text a bit wrinkled, a very good copy in later half vellum. First edition of Mattioli's famous and vicious attack on Amatus Lusitanus (Joao Rodrigues de Castelo Branco), his rival as an editor of and commentator on Dioscorides. Mattioli intentionally misspelt Amatus's name as Amathus (meaning simpleton). Mattioli's censures concern Amatus' presumed misidentification of plants or lack of erudition in his edition of Dioscorides (Venice, 1553). Amatus (1511-1568), a Portuguese Jew, provided extensive determinations of the Dioscoridean plants, and included a number of Arabic plants in his commentaries. He fell victim to Mattioli's academic wrath, as did all other rival commentators on Dioscorides. 'Through charges levelled by Mattioli, Amatus (whose name Mattioli persisted in altering to Amathus, meaning simpleton) was hunted from place to place by the Inquisition. He finally obtained refuge in the Jewish colony in Salonica, but lost his livelihood, his reputation, and the manuscript of a translation of Avicenna that he had nearly completed' (Anderson, An illustrated history of the herbals). This work was reprinted as an appendix to the 1558 edition of Mattioli's Dioscorides, and in almost all subsequent editions. Provenance: Horticultural Society of New York, bequest of Kenneth K. Mackenzie October 1934, with bookplate; Robert de Belder. Hunt 78; Waller 6320; OCLC lists copies (besides Hunt) at Harvard, New York Botanical Garden Library, College of Physicians Philadelphia, and Wellcome.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Junk B.V.]
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        La première (-seconde) partie de l'histoire entière des Poissons. Composée premierement en Latin... Avec leurs pourtraits au naïf.

      Lion, M. Bonhome, 1558. 2 parts in one volume. Folio (278 x 203mm). pp. (12), 418, (14); pp.(4), 181, (1 blank), (10), with woodcut portrait of Rondelet and printer's devise (both repeated) and about 420 fine woodcuts of fishes, shells and some other marine animals. Contemporary vellum. A fine copy of the first French edition of the most important work on fishes published in the 16th century. It covers more species (over 300) than the works of Belon (1553) or Salviani (1554-57). For over a century the work remained unchallenged as the standard work on the subject. The original Latin edition with the same woodcuts was published by the same publisher in 1554-55. Apart from fishes over a hundred molluscs are illustrated. "In his own day Rondelet was almost as well known as an anatomist as a zoologist. A popular lecturer, Rondelet attracted scholars from all over Europe: Coiter and Bauhin; L'Écluse; L'Obel... Gesner and Aldrovandi also studied briefly under him ... For those fish he could inspect on the coast of Languedoc, Rondelet is thorough and usually accurate; the work long remained the basic guide to the region" (DSB). One index leaf with some marginal discoloration of the paper, and a small marginal black spot on another leaf. Provenance: Armorial bookplate of Eduard de Laplane, as well as an old inscription on title dated 1618. Nissen ZBI, 3475; Wood p. 541.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Junk B.V.]
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        Il dialogo di Platone intitolato il Timeo, overo della natura del mondo, tradotto di lingua greca in italiana da M. Sebastiano Erizzo, gentiluomo venetiano, et dal medesimo di molte utili annotazioni illustrato et nuovamente mandato in luce da Girolamo Ruscelli.

      per Comin da Trino 1558 In 8° (200x160); carte 4 non num, 41, 1 non num. con marca tipografica in legno, note tipografiche al margine. Vignetta silogr. al frontesp., che presenta una nota di possesso antica alla sguardia iniz.. Cartone marmorizzato del XVIII sec., titolo manoscritto al dorso, tracce di etichetta. Prima edizione italiana in seconda tiratura ed unica cinquecentesca del Timeo, pubblicata inalterata pochi mesi dopo la prima, con la sola variante nella vignetta silografica al frontespizio, che riporta due satiri che sorreggono un candeliere con fuoco acceso e motto "lux fulget in tenebris " , invece di un anello con diamante intrecciato con un ramo di palma e uno di olivo con nastro e motto " Nil me durius."( riportata alla bianca finale); Considerato la continuazione della "Repubblica", come se dopo aver parlato dello Stato ideale, Platone volesse descrivere il mondo fisico in cui lo Stato deve operare, un mondo sensibile in continua mutazione non intelligibile con la ragione; in esso si parla in modo particolare del rapporto idee-cose e Platone si occupa del mondo fisico a tal punto che non è sbagliato definire il "Timeo" libro fisico (da "fusis", natura). Infatti Platone non si era ancora praticamente occupato del mondo sensibile se non per affermare che è una pallida copia del mondo delle idee e per evidenziare la sua inferiorità rispetto al mondo intellegibile. Dato che era un argomento meno importante e che il "filosofo" si muove tra le idee , Platone dedicò solo un' opera al mondo sensibile, che ci viene presentato come "il mondo in cui si muove l'uomo".Bell'esemplare appena un poco rifilato. Graesse V, 325.Non in Adams né Brunet. Il Catalogo Unico cita cinque esemplari presenti in biblioteche italiane.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Perini s.a.s.]
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        Onomasticon. Propriorum nominum per D. Conradum Gesnerum, ex variis dictionariis collectum, nunc vero novissime auctum & recognitum. Catalogus illorum, quorum nomina propria in hoc onomastico declarantur...

      Folio. 292 (recte 282) S. Schlichter Halblederband der Zeit. Adams G 552. - VD 16 G 1777. - Frühe Ausgabe, hier ohne Erwähnung von Christian Wursteisen als Herausgeber. Wurde meist zusammen mit: Calepinus, Ambrosius. Dictionarum linguae latinae zusammengebunden. Gedruckt auf billigerem Papier und in schlechterem Satz. Titelblatt und Vorsätze mit handschriftlichen Besitzvermerken. Am Schluss leichter Wasserrand. Letztes Blatt fingerfleckig und mit kleinem Loch, wenig Textverlust. Einband am oberen Kapital angerissen. Deckel beschabt.

      [Bookseller: Daniel Thierstein Buchantiquariat]
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        Gothorum sveonum'que historia, ex probatis antiquorum monumentis collecta, & in xxiiij.

      libros redacta, autore Io. Magno gotho, archiepiscopo Upsalensi, cum indice rerum ac gestorum memorabilium locupletissimo. Basel, ex officina Isingriniana, 1558. 8:o. (16),907,(99,1 blank,1) s. Med boktryckarmärke på titelsidan och sista bladet samt några träsnittsillustrationer, varav en större kartbild, i texten. Nött grönt hfrbd från 1800-talets första hälft med upphöjda bind, sparsamt guldornerad rygg och grönstänkta snitt. En liten inklistrad handskriven nummeretikett på försättsbladet. Inlagan med sporadiska fuktränder i hörn och marginaler samt enstaka småfläckar. Ett hål i inre marginalen på s. 15 och pappersförluster i yttermarginalen på s. 301, 525 och 601. En delvis lagad reva i texten på s. 597. Med en gammal handskriven ägaranteckning på titelbladet: "Ex bibliotheca d. Ildefonsi Santos de San Pedro Ovet. colleg.". Collijn Sveriges bibliografi intill år 1600 del II, s. 253-55. Rudbeck Skrifter till Sveriges historia tryckta före år 1600, 1088. Warmholtz Bibliotheca historica Sueo-Gothica, 2498, noten. Detta är andra upplagan med företalet till Gustav Vasas söner där dedikationen till påven Julius III är utesluten. Några texter av Olaus Magnus har lagts till, bl.a. ett appendix om orsakerna till de ständiga misshälligheterna mellan svenskar och danskar. I övrigt är detta ett omtryck av 1554 års upplaga

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Catullus et in eum Commentarius M. Antonii Mureti. Ab eodem correcti, & scholiis illustrati, Tibullus et Propertius

      8° (cm. 15,5) piena pergamena '800, 3 parti in un vol. cc.num. 147, (1); cc.nn. 57, (1); cc.nn. 93; (2), (2 cc. bianche). Tre frontesp. con marche tipogr. incise (ancora aldina), caratt. romano corsivo. Questa prima edizione di Catullo di Antonio Muret (1526-1585) riprende una lettura pubblica fatta nel 1552 presso il Collège del Card. Lemoine creando un profondo eco per la profondità del commento. Questa edizione con dedica a Bernardino Loredano contiene anche il Commento a Tibullo e Properzio. Adams C-1146. Renouard, 174, 11. Margin. super. leggermente rifilato, alcune antiche annotaz. e segni a penna margin., lievi ingialliture ma bell'esemplare fresco e nitido.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Michelotti]
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        Reipublicae romanae commentariorum libri tres... venetiis, ex officina erasmiana apud vincentium valgrisium, 1558.

      Tre parti in un volume di cm. 17,5, pp. (16) 947 (13) di cui le ultime 3 bianche. Marchio tipografico ripetuto al frontespizio di ciascuna delle tra parti in cui è suddivisa l'opera, capolettera istoriati e numerose iscrizioni latine nel testo. Impresso in elegante corsivo. Legatura strettamente coeva in pergamena floscia con unghie e titoli manoscritti al dorso. Esemplare genuino e marginoso, in ottimo stato di conservazione, salvo un leggero e quasi invisibile alone al margine basso. Si tratta della prima edizione di questa sorta di compendio di storia romana stilato dal Panvinio (Verona 1530 - Palermo 1568) che fu monaco agostiniano e fecondo scrittore di opere erudite. Le tre parti titolano: Antiquea Urbis Imago...; Civitas romana; Imperium romanum.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Adagiroum chiliades quatuor cum sesquicenturia. Haec editio multos Graecorum Latinorumque authorum locos emendatiores quam in aliis sint editionibus, indicem item longe locupletiorem habet. Henrici Stephani animadversiones in Erasmicas quorundam adaiorum expositiones

      Genf, Estienne 1558. 36 cm. (64) S., 1126 Sp., (1 w.) Seiten mit Holzschn.-Druckermarke auf Titel. Blindgepreßter Schweinsleder-Bd. der Zeit mit Rollenstempeln, monogr. S W H, datiert 1559. - Adams E-456 - Bezzel 91 - Brunet II, 1039 - Haeghen, Erasmus I, 5 - "Belle édition" (Brunet). Diese Ausgabe von Erasmus' erfolgreichstem Werk war der letzte bedeutende Druck Robert Estiennes (1503 - 1559). Die Druckermarke mit dem Olivenbaum und Spruchband "Noli altum sapere sed time". Deckelprägung mit 2 Rollenstempeln: Salvator - David 1545 - Paulus HR - Johannes HR (Haebler I, 368, 1a); Luther - Melanchthon - Erasmus - Hus (Haebler I, 511, 9). Einband leicht fleckig, vereinzelt Wurmlöcher, Blattränder leicht gebräunt bzw. stockfleckig. Provenienz: Erdmann Wilhelm Ferber (1719 - 1793), Superintendent zu Weißensee in Sachsen (vgl. DBA 314, 29) mit dessen Besitzeintrag auf Titel, datiert 1785. - Sprache / Language: Lateinisch / Latin -

      [Bookseller: Wenner Antiquariat]
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        QUADRINS HISTORIQUES DE LA BIBLE bound with FIGURES DU NOUVEAU TESTAMENT

      Lyons: Jean de Tournes, 1558. Second Edition. Hardcover. One original endpaper remains, bound between the books; the others are lacking. Text and illustrations are complete; several pages have been trimmed at the bottom margin to delete a manuscript name but with no loss to text or images. Old manuscript ink notes in the margins of the first few illustrated pages but contents otherwise clean except for an occasional smudge. Binding with mild rubbing to spine, slightly more to the front joint which is split about a third of the way up. Near Fine and quite scarce. Two small octavo (4-1/8" x 6-1/8") volumes bound together in 19th century full brown blindstamped morocco with gilt lettering on the spine. [246]; [74] pages. First published in 1553 and 1554 respectively, the first title illustrated with 231 delicate emblem woodcuts and the second title with 69 woodcuts, all attributed to Bernard Salomon, as well as 2 designs and title borders. These woodcuts were among the most popular Biblical illustrations of the latter half of the 16th century. A verse in French is beneath each emblem. The first edition of Paradin's text appeared in 1553 and contained only 199 woodcuts. Thereafter another 29 illustrations were cut for the Italian edition of 1554 and a further three for editions in 1554-1555. The present edition was the second printing of the complete set of woodcuts. OCLC locates only 4 copies of the first title and 2 of the second. Bookplate of Mexborough on the front pastedown and a doctor's modern bookplate on the verso of the front endpaper.

      [Bookseller: Charles Agvent]
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        Galeni Pergameni De Temperamentis libri III. De inaequali intemperie Liber unius. Thoma Linacro Anglo Interprete. Cum Isagoge in eosdem libros, & scholijs marginalibus longè doctissimis per Iacobum Sylvium. Lugduni, Apud Gulielmum Rouillium, sub scuto Veneto, 1558. Unito con: Claudius Galeni De elementis libri duo, Victore Trincavelio interprete. Adiecimus in calce Hippocratis librum de Elementis, unà cum commentario in eundem Iacobi Sylvij medici. Lugduni, Apud Gulielmum Rouillium, sub scuto Veneto, 1558.

      In 16, [mm. 118 x 76], pp. 192 ? (29) ? (3 bianche) ? (6) ? 154. In pergamena coeva con titoli calligrafati al dorso. Ai frontespizi delle due opere marca tipografica che raffigura un aquila ad ali aperte su di una base terminante in un piccolo globo, affiancata da due serpenti attorcigliati in basso. Ai fianco il motto In virtute et fortuna. Testate e capilettera ad inizio dei diversi libri xilografate. Da segnare che nella prima opera, le pagine 10-22 riferite alle Variae temperaturarum et intemperaturarum divisiones, sono stampate verticalmente. ESEMPLARE PERFETTO, salve alcune piccolissime infiorescenze tanto che nella seconda opera le pp. 7-10, 19-36, 99-102, 115-122, 147-154 sono INTONSE O PARZIALMENTE INTONSE. Galeno nacque a Pergamo nel 138 d.C. da una famiglia di architetti, i suoi interessi furono molteplici: divenuto therapeutes nel tempio di Asclepio, ad Alessandria approfondì gli studi di medicina dove apprese la dissezione. A Roma divenne rapidamente famoso ed ebbe fra i suoi pazienti anche l?imperatore Marco Aurelio, di cui divenne medico personale. Rimasto sempre a Roma vi morì probabilmente nel 200 d.C. secondo una nota della Suida: Di lui rimangono 108 opere di filosofia e medicina che sono giunte dall?antichità sia nella versione greca che in traduzioni latine di opere conservatesi in lingua araba, tramandando la medicina ippocratica. Le sua concezione dell?uomo ad opera di un singolo creatore lo rese accettabile anche da cristiani, ebrei e musulmani: il principio fondamentale della vita lo pneuma, venne interpretato come l?anima, la medicina galenica di fatto fu l?unica fino al XVI secolo, influenzando anche i medici arabi come Avicenna. Nell?opera Sui propri libri lasciò la propria biografia e la propria bibliografia, tutta orientata a dimostrare che la medicina è il massimo del sapere e racchiude in sé la filosofia, la letteratura. Thomas Linacre, autore del commento alle prime due opere, nacque probabilmente a Canterbury attorno al 1460 ed a lui si deve l?introduzione dell?insegnamento del greco ad Oxford. Scrisse molte traduzioni, soprattutto delle opere mediche di Galeno. Fu autore anche di una grammatica latina scritta in inglese ed ebbe tra i suoi allievi Thomas Moore. Morì nel 1524. Ai due libri del De Elementis col commento di Victor Trincavelius, segue il De natura humana di Ippocrate con il commento del padovano Andrea Brenta (1454-1485), e quindi i due ultimi trattatelli Ioanni Morino, criminum censori apud parisios aequissimo, Iacobus Sylvius medicus, ed infine In Hippocratis elementa Iacobi Sylvii medici commentarius.

      [Bookseller: Editoriale Umbra]
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        Discorso sopra la Castrametatione & Bagni antichi de i Greci & Romani.

      Et nouamento reuisto & ricoretto dall'istesso autoore. Con l'aggiunta della figura del Campo Romano. [Venice or Padua]: Per Innocente Olmo 1558. 80 + (6) + 2 blank pp. Title with woodcut printer's device, 2 woodcut initials, 43 woodcuts in the text. Contp. vellum. Minor foxing. Some underlinings in the text. Old signature on title, signature on first endpaper, cut from catalogue pasted on inside of upper cover. Bookplate of the Hammer Library.. First published in Lyon in 1555. A dissertation on ancient military organisation as well as descriptions of Roman baths and Greek and Roman gymnastic and exercise. Translated from the French by Gabrieli Simeoni

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell's Antikvariat]
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        Euclidis Megarensis mathematici clarissimi Elementorum geometricorum libri XV. Cum expositione Theonis in priores XIII à Bartholomæo Zamberto Veneto (= Zamberti) latinitate donata, Campani in omnes, & Hypsiclis Alexandrini in duos postremos. His addiecta Phænomena, Catoptrica & Optica, deinde Protheoria Marini, & Data. Postremum uero, Opusculum de Leui & Ponderoso, hactenus non uisum, eiusdem autoris. Cum priuilegio Cæsareo.

      Basel, Johannem Hervagium & Bernhardum Brand, 1558. Folio. (30,5x21,5). Bound in 19th century brown hmorocco with 5 raised bands. Light wear to back and corners a bit bumped. (2),587 pp.Numerous wood-cut diagrams and initials throughout. First ab. 20 leaves with different degrees of yellowing and occasional with marginal faint dampstaining. 3 leaves with upper right corners repaired without loss of text. The "privilege" at verso of title partly unreadable as a piece of paper is pasted on, some of these letters are faint, just as some letters in "Basiliae" on title are weak. Last leaf with colophon and printers large woodcut-device on verso is mounted, but not hiding the wood-cut. The word "Basiliae" on last leaf recto, is weak or nearly gone. Overall a large good copy as usually without the foreword by Melanchton. A small rubber-stamp on title: "Duplum Bibliothecæ V.E." and in old hand: "Bibliothecæ Conventij Romani S. Andrea de Fratrij (?)". Scarce third printing of the so-called Zambert-Campanus Edition of the Elements, all printed by Johann Herwagen in Basel - this edition printed together with his son-in-law Bernhard Brand. The first of the Herwagen prints was the famous Editio Princeps in Greek from 1533, and in 1537 he published a Latin version, which became the first Euclid-editon to contain also Euclids smaller tracts as "Phenomena"(Spherical geometry), "Katroptik" (Mirror-reflexion), "Optik" und "Data"(Geometrical excersises). The 1537- edition was reprinted 1546 and in 1558 (the present)."The most famous source of Greek geometry is the monumental work of Euclid of Alexandria, called the "Elements" (around 300 B.C.). No other book of science had a comparable influence on the intellectual development of mankind. It was a treatise of geometry in thirteen books which included all the fundamental results of scientific geometry up to his time. Euclid did not claim for himself any particular discovery, he was merely a compiler. Yet, in view of the systematic arrangement of the subject matter and the exact logical procedure followed, we cannot doubt that he himself provided a large body of specific formulations and specific auxiliary theorems in his deductions. It is no longer possible to pass judgement on the authorship of much of this material; his book was meant as a textbook of geometry which paid attention to the material, while questions of priority did not enter the discussion." (Cornelius Lanzos in "Space through the Ages").Max Steck III:57 - Thomas-Stanford: 15 - Riccardi 1558/3 - Adams E:976

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        Procli... in primum Euclidis Elementorum librum commentariorum... libri IIII. A Francisco Barocio... expurgati: scholiis, & figuris, que in greco codice omnes desiderabantur aucti, etc.Padua: Gratiosus Perchacino, 1560.

      A magnificent copy, with a very distinguished provenance, of the first Latin edition of Proclus' commentary on the first book of Euclid's Elements, edited by Federico Barozzi, a member of the first generation of mathematically literate Northern Italian humanists. The translation is dedicated to Daniele Barbaro, Palladio patron, editor of the quintessential Renaissance commentary on Vitruvius (1558), and author of an important work on perspective in 1568. This edition was much praised by the editor of Proclus, Gottfried Friedlein in his edition of the Greek text (1873). The present work of the Neoplatonist Proclus is considered one of his most important writings: "because of his interest in the principles underlying mathematical thought and their relation to ultimate philosophical principles, Proclus' commentary is a notable - and also the earliest - contribution to the philosophy of mathematics. Its numerous references to the views of Euclid's predecessors and successors, many of them otherwise unknown to us, render it an invaluable resource for the history of the science" (DSB XI, 160). In the preface of his important Euclid edition of 1505, Zamberti considered an edition of Proclus' commentary on Euclid a strong desideratum, especially because of the link between philosophy and mathematics, and although he managed to make a Latin translation by 1539 (preserved in a single manuscript), it was never published. The text appeared previously in the Greek Euclid of 1533 (Basel), but lacked illustrations, and contained other deficiencies, remarked upon by Barozzi in the preface to the present edition. Proclus' commentary can also be regarded as the first work on non-Euclidean geometry (Sommerville, p. 2). It gives a penetrating discussion of Euclid's fifth postulate, also known as the 'parallel postulate', which states that 'if a straight line falling on two straight lines makes the interior angles on the same side less than two right angles, the two straight lines, if produced indefinitely, meet on that side on which are the angles less than the two right angles'. He criticizes Ptolemy's proof of the fifth postulate, and points out with the example of the straight line asymptote to a hyperbola that it is possible for two 'lines' to get closer and closer together without ever meeting. He goes on to show that the parallel postulate is equivalent to what later became known as Playfair's axion (introduced in John Playfair's 1795 commentary on Euclid), that 'Through a given point, only one line can be drawn parallel to a given line'. He then attempts a proof of this new postulate, but his proof is vitiated by his assumption that parallel lines are a bounded distance apart (which can be shown to be equivalent to the parallel postulate). The famous collection of manuscripts belonging to Barozzi, left at his death to his nephew Jacopo, has been in the Bodleian library since the seventeenth century. "A Venetian patrician Barocius [Barozzi] received a humanistic education and achieved an admirable command of Greek and Latin. He studied at the University of Padua and, according to his own account, lectured there about 1559 on the Sphere of Sacrobosco. Barocius' edition of Proclus' commentary on the first book of Euclid's Elements was the first important translation of this work, for it was based on better manuscripts than previous efforts had been. The translation, published at Venice in 1560, was completed by Barocius at the age of twenty-two" (DSB I, 468). Provenance: Pierre Daniel Huet, Bishop of Avranches with bookplate commemorating his legacy in 1692 to; Jesuit College at Paris, with printed pressmark label XLVII.C, and with label on title-page 'Ne extra hanc bibliothecam efferatur. Ex obedientia.'; Michel Chasles (bookplate), bought at his sale Paris, 7 July 1881 by; P. Laffite. Adams P-2138; Brunet IV, 895-6; Riccardi I, 82: "Bella e rara ediz... Questo opera e la prima traduzione del greco degli importanti commentari di Proclo". For Huet's library, see F. Pelisson-Karo, 'La bibliotheque de Pierre-Daniel Huet...', in B. Blasselle & L. Portes, Melanges autour de l'histoire des livres imprimees et periodiques, Paris: BNF, 1998, pp. 107-131.. Folio, pp. [16], 272 )i.e.274), [24]. with woodcut diagrams in text, full-page woodcut portrait of translator on title verso, lemmata printed within woodcut cartouches, phoenix device with Greek motto, Perchacino's device on recto of last leaf. Contemporary Parisian limp vellum binding, gilt oval centre-piece, gilt fillets on covers with fleurons at corners, flat spine in six compartments, decorated with small gilt leaf tool, all edges gilt

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        Paraphrasis in XII librum Aristotelis de prima Philosophia, Mose Finzio interprete. [i.e. Paraphrase of book Lambda of Aristoytle's Metaphysics - On the Unmoved and Primary Mover]

      Venice, Hieronymus Scotus, 1558. Small folio. Nice, simple, contemporary full limp vellum. A few leaves evenly browned; a very nice and clean copy. Large oval woodcut portrait of Aristotle to title-page. Beautiful woodcut vignette at beginning, Two large, beautiful woodcut initials, woodcut printer's device at end. (4), 26 pp. + final blank. The exceedingly scarce very first printing of one of the most important paraphrases in the history of philosophy and science, that of Themistios on Book Lambda (Book XII) of Aristotle's Metaphysics, translated by Moyse Finzio. The present work constitutes perhaps the most important paraphrase of one of the most important chapters in the history of philosophy, science, and religion, that in which Aristotle writes about the Unmoved (and primary) Mover, a chapter of his "Metaphysics" which for millennia has dominated almost all branches of Western thought. Theophrastos' paraphrase was of seminal importance to the understanding of Aristotle's concept of the Unmoved Mover in the Renaissance and consequently of the many controversies and debates that it caused. In the Renaissance, not least through Themistios' paraphrase and Scotum's first printing of it, Aristotle's concept of the Unmoved Mover as the first cause of everything in the Universe not only came to dominate much philosophical thought and became a main agent in the quest to unite religion and science (here especially physics and astronomy), it also came to play a dominant role in the emerging understanding of the universe as such. The present paraphrase by Themistios had early on been translated from the original Greek into Arabic bu Abu Bischr Matta, but both the Arabic translation and the original Greek have been lost. All that is known is a Hebrew translation made by Moses Ben Samuel Tibbon around 1255, and it is this translation that Moses Finzius used as the basis for the present Latin translation. It was not until 1558 that Finzius finished the translation and that it appeared for the first time in Latin; it was thus not printed together with the other extant Themistios-paraphrases of Aristotle's work, translated by Ermolao Barbaro, but appeared on its own in 1558. This original 1558 edition is of the utmost scarcity and is lacking in most bibliographies which erroneously list the 1576-edition as the first."With reference to those works of Aristotle which were and remained the center of instruction in logic and natural philosophy [i.e. The Posterior Analytics, Physics, Metaphysics, etc.], the most important changes derived from the fact that the works of the ancient Greek commentators became completely available in Latin between the late fifteenth and the end of the sixteenth centuries and were more and more used to balance the interpretations of the medieval Arabic and Latin commentators. The Middle ages had known their works only in a very limited selection or through quotations in Averroes. Ermolao Barbaro's complete translation of Themistius and Girolamo Donato's version of Alexander's "De Anima" were among the most important ones in a long line of others. When modern historians speak of Alexandrism as a current within Renaissance Aristotelianism that was opposed to Averroism, they are justified in part by the fact that the Greek commentators, that is, Alexander and also Themistius, Simplicius, and many others, were increasingly drawn upon for the exposition of Aristotle." (Kristeller, p. 45)."Equally important [as the recovery of Aristotle's "Mechanics" and "Poetics"] for the continued growth of the Peripatetic synthesis was the recovery and diffusion of the Greek commentaries on Aristotle... The most important of the two dozen commentators were Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ammonius, Simplicius, Themistius, and John Philoponus. Of these five, only Alexander and Themistius were Aristotelians..." (Copenhaver & Schmitt, p.68)Already in the Middle Ages, scholars had been aware of and used commentaries on and paraphrases of the key texts of Aristotle, but their knowledge of this was primarily based on some Latin translations and allusions, fragments, and summaries in the writings of the Muslim philosophers, e.g. Averroes. But with the emergence and translations into Latin of the ancient Greek commentators [Alexander and Themistios being the primary ones] and their paraphrases of Aristotle's texts, the Renaissance came to discover an Aristotle that would influence almost all thought of the period. The ancient Greek commentators not only had a much more thorough knowledge of classical Greek thought than would have been possible for a medieval writer, but they also had access to works that were later lost and through these ancient commentators rediscovered in the Renaissance. By the middle of the 16th century, almost all of these texts had been printed in both Greek and Latin, and these publications were of the utmost importance to the development of almost all Renaissance thought. "Their recovery, publication, and translation took some time, but almost all circulated in Greek and Latin by the 1530'ies. They do not cover all of Aristotle, but several treat such key texts as the "Organon", the "Physics", and "De anima", thus making them useful ammunition in such controversies as the immortality dispute provoked by Pietro Pomponazzi and his colleagues." (Copenhaver & Schmitt, p. 69).Among the most important texts in this tradition that influenced all thought of the era, were Themistios' paraphrases of Aristotle's seminal texts, in particular "De Anima", "Posterior Analytics", and Book Lambda (XII) of the "Metaphysics". "We possess part of his [Themistios'] early work, his "Paraphrases of Aristotle", the portion still extant being a somewhat prolix exposition of the "Later Analytics", the "Physics", the "De Anima", and some minor treatises." His paraphrase of the "Metaphysics", Book "lambda" [i.e. XII], was translated into Arabic (in century IX), and hence into Hebrew (1255), and Latin (1576)." (Sandys, I:352).See: Kristeller, Renaissance Thought and its Sources, 1979; Copenhaver & Schmitt, Renaissance Philosophy, 1992.Not in Graesse (which only has the 1576-edition, also Venice, H. Scotus, the same that Sandys erroneously thinks is the first: "His paraphrase of the "Metaphysics", Book "lambda" [i.e. XII], was translated into Arabic (in century IX), and hence into Hebrew (1255), and Latin (1576)." (Sandys, I:352).)Not in Brunet.Adams: 456

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