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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1557

        Institutiones ac Meditationes in Graecam Linguam. Cum Scholiis & Praxi Petri Antesignani Rapistagnensis

      Lyon: Lugduni, apud Matthiam Bonhomme, 1557. 4to.; 54 hs., 49 de ellas a cuatro columnas, 414 pp., 1 h. Taladros de polilla desde la página 217 a final tanto en el margen inferior como en margen lateral, algunos afectando letras en el tercio inferior del texto. Encuaernaciónde la época en pergamino, con ligera falta en plano posterior. El flamenco Profesor de Griego en Lovaina autor del célebre Manual de Griego, publicado por vez primera en 1530, notable por la claridad de sus explicaciones, y del cual se hicieron mas de trescientas ediciones hasta el Siglo XVIII, pasó a España para enseñar en la Universidad de Salamanca y murió en Granada.

      [Bookseller: Hesperia Libros]
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        Historia de las Cosas de Etiopia, en la qual se Cuenta muy copiosamente, el estado y potécia del Emperador della, (que es el que muchos an pesado ser el Preste Juan) con otras infinitias particularidades, assi della religion de aquella gente, como

      Juan Steelsius Antwerp: Juan Steelsius, 1557. Rare first Spanish-language edition of one of the earliest comprehensive reports on Ethiopia available to Europeans: “incomparably more detailed than any earlier account of Ethiopia that has survived, it is also a very important source for Ethiopian history, for it was written just before the country was devastated by the Muslim Somali and pagan Galla invasions of the second quarter of the 16th century” (Hakluyt Society I.12). The work appears on all four 16th-century book lists employed in the influential exhibit, Europe Informed, which identified in a historically controlled way the most widely disseminated early travel accounts informing 16th-century Europeans about Asia and Africa. The account is the fruit of an embassy made by the author in connection with the search for eastern Christians. The journey had roots in the medieval legend of Prester John, a mythical King whose vast domains contained wondrous panaceas and who was, to boot, a Christian. The legend proved a well-known stimulus to European exploration, and just as importantly provided Catholic Europe with an influential eschatological fantasy: reunited with their long-lost eastern brethren, they would finally subdue Islam or, in a later generation, Protestants, etc. Although the work is much concerned with the activity and structure of the Eastern Church, the fact that Alvares recognizes Ethiopians as equals paradoxically makes him more observant, and the work contains much information about agriculture, natural history (wildlife and the terrible locusts), the curious architectural tradition of carving churches out of rock, etc. According to Rogers, Alvares was constrained from publishing his account, but an unauthorized version appeared in Portuguese 1540. An Italian translation with a somewhat different recension of the text appeared in Ramusio’s volume devoted to Africa (1550); this first Spanish edition by Tomás de Padilla was the first of three 16th-century editions in that language.

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc. ]
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        PHILOSOPHI STOICORUM OMNIUM ACUTISSIMI OPERA QUAE EXTANT OMNIA, COELII SECUNDI CURIONIS UIGILANTISSIMA CURA CASTIGATA, & IN NOUAM PRORSUS FACIEM, NIMIRUM PROPRIAM & SUAM, MUTATA: quorum lectio non modo ad bene dicendum,

      Very Good with no dust jacket. First Edition (?). 1. Vellum Hardcover. Bound in contemporary vellum boards. 4to (approx 9 x 12.5"). (xvi), 761, (15 index) pp. IN LATIN. Edgewear, some very old tape repairs to boards. Titles in ink in a contemporary hand. On upper board ("L. Annaei Senecae | Opera omnia | (Basileae 1557) ") and spine ("L. Annaei Senecae Opumn") Very old damp-stain on rear board not affecting text block. Very light foxing throughout. Pages quite supple. One line of text written and then crossed out on title page. VERY GOOD. This is an extremely rare copy of the complete works of Seneca printed in Basel in 1557 by Johannem Hervagium and Bernardum Brandun. Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c. 4 BC-AD 65) was a Roman philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature. Tacitus gives an account of the suicide of Seneca in his book, the Annals, in Book XV, Chapter/Number 60 through 64. Works attributed to Seneca include a satire, a meteorological essay, philosophical essays, 124 letters dealing with moral issues, and nine tragedies. Seneca's brand of Stoic philosophy emphasized practical steps by which the reader might confront life's problems. Johannem Hervagium (Johannes Hervagius) was Swiss publisher active in the period approximately 1528 through 1561, who published authoritative texts of many classical authors. EXTREMELY RARE. 4to - over 9" - 12" tall

      [Bookseller: Round Table Books, LLC]
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        Civitella

      Raro documento raffigurante l?asedio di Civitella. Nel 1557 la città fu posta d'assedio da parte del francese Duca di Guisa, generale di Enrico II e alleato del papa, Paolo IV; benché feroce e violento, l?assalto non riuscì a espugnare la città,. Proprio in questa guerra, tra Francesi e Spagnoli, Civitella cambiò il suo nome in Civitella del Tronto. La vittoriosa e valorosa resistenza che il popolo della cittadella riuscì a riportare venne ben visto nell'intero Regno, tanto che ai suoi cittadini furono tolti gli oneri fiscali da pagare al Regno, per quarant'anni, e a spese del demanio regio furono restaurati gli edifici e la Fortezza. La mappa viene prodotta a Roma, probabilmente nella bottega di Antonio Salamanca e Antoine de Lafrery, che dal 1553 al 1563 erano soci nella più importante calcografia romana. La lastra viene sicuramente ralizzata in occasione dell?avvenimento, quindi nel 1557, probabilmente commissionata da autorità ecclesiastiche, oppure nel tentativo commerciale dei due editori di produrre un nuvo foglio da immettere nel mercato. La mancata vittoria nell?assedio indusse i due editori a non terminare il lavoro, come dimostrano i numerosi ripensamenti presenti nella lastra e lo spazio bianco in basso a destra, lasciato libero per il titolo e la dedicatoria. Il foglio risulta pertanto in un solo stato e molto raro. Incisione al bulino, rifilata al rame e con margini coevi aggiunti, pieghe di carta al centro, nel complesso in ottimo stato di conservazione. Rarissima. Bibliografia: Tooley, p. 25, 154; Borroni Salvadori, 221; Cartografia Rara p. 38, 30. Dimensioni 380x300. A rare document depicting the siege of Civitella. In 1557 the city was assaulted by the French Duke of Guisa, the General of Enrico II and ally of pope Paul IV; though harsh and cruel, the siege could not overcome the city. Precisely after this war between the French and the Spanish, Civitella changed its name into Civitella del Tronto. The triumphant and valiant resistance of the population was much appreciated all over the Reign so that these citizens were allowed not to pay royal taxes for the following forty years and the buildings and the Fortress were repaired with the money of the public royal domain. The map has been published in Rome, very likely in the workshop of Antonio Salamanca and Antoine de Lafrery, who created the most important partnership in Rome between 1553 and 1563. The plate has been no doubt realized to celebrate the event, therefore in 1557, probably commissioned by the ecclesiastic authorities or maybe it was an attempt of the two publishers to create a new piece of work to sell. Since the siege did not succeed, Salamanca and Lafrery did not finished the plate, as the many changes on it and the white space mint for the dedication and title show. Therefore, this work presents only one state, very rare indeed. Engraving, trimmed to platemark and contemporary margins added afterwards, paper folds in the centre, otherwise in excellent condition. Extremely rare. Bibliografia: Tooley, p. 25, 154; Borroni Salvadori, 221; Cartografia Rara p. 38, 30. Dimensioni 380x300. Roma Rome

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        Ritratto di Giovanni da Valletta

      Acquaforte e bulino, circa 1557, firmata in basso a destra. Esemplare nel probabile secondo stato di due, con la data 1565 e l?indirizzo di Ferrando Bertelli. Magnifica prova, ricca di toni, impressa su carta vergata coeva priva di filigrana, irregolarmente rifilata al rame, piccola macchia di inchiostro nella parte sinistra, per il resto in perfetto stato di conservazione. L?opera non è inserita in nessuna delle bibliografie consultate, ed è da me attribuita per evidenti motivi stilistici a Battista Angolo. Evidenti sono i riscontri con l?altro ritratto da lui eseguito intorno al 1555, quello di Enrico II, Re di Francia (Bartsch 28). Il ritratto raffigura padre Jean de La Vallette-Parisot , il quarantanovesimo Gran Maestro del Sovrano Ordine di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme, da cui il nome della capitale di Malta, nominato nel 1557 per difendere l'isola dagli ottomani. Probabile che il ritratto venga realizzato in occasione della sua elezione a Gran Maestro e quindi ristampato nel 1565, anno della resistenza alla flotta turca, per motivi economici, data la fama che ne seguì. Tra le opere della tipografia Bertelli, attiva a Venezia dal 1558, troviamo tracce anche di un ritratto di Giovanni da Valletta inciso da Martino Rota, ma non di questa lastra. Opera molto rara. Bibliografia: Non descritta. Dimensioni 140x196. Etching and engraving, circa 1557, signed lower right. Example in the likely second state of two, with the date 1565 and the address of Ferrando Bertelli. Magnificent proof, rich tone, printed on contemporary laid paper without watermark, irregularly trimmed to copperplate, small ink stain on the left side, otherwise in perfect condition. The work is not included in any of the bibliographies consulted, and it is given to me for obvious reasons stylistic Battisa Angeli. Are the obvious comparisons with the other portrait he carried around 1555, that of Henry II, King of France (Bartsch 28). The portrait depicts Father Jean de La Vallette-Parisot, the forty-ninth Grand Master of the Sovereign Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, hence the name of the capital of Malta, who was appointed in 1557 to defend the island against the Ottomans. Likely that the portrait is made on the occasion of his election as Grand Master and then reprinted in 1565, the year of resistance to the Turkish fleet, for economic reasons, because of the fame that followed. Among the works of typography Bertelli, active in Venice since 1558, are also traces of a portrait of John Valletta engraved by Martin Rota, but not this plate. A very rare work. Not described. 140 196

      [Bookseller: Libreria Yelets]
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        Institutiones ac Meditationes in Graecam Linguam. Cum Scholiis & Praxi Petri Antesignani Rapistagnensis.

      Lyon: Lugduni, apud Matthiam Bonhomme, 1557. 4to.; 54 hs., 49 de ellas a cuatro columnas, 414 pp., 1 h. Taladros de polilla desde la página 217 a final tanto en el margen inferior como en margen lateral, algunos afectando letras en el tercio inferior del texto. Encuaernaciónde la época en pergamino, con ligera falta en plano posterior. El flamenco Profesor de Griego en Lovaina autor del célebre Manual de Griego, publicado por vez primera en 1530, notable por la claridad de sus explicaciones, y del cual se hicieron mas de trescientas ediciones hasta el Siglo XVIII, pasó a España para enseñar en la Universidad de Salamanca y murió en Granada.

      [Bookseller: Hesperia Libros]
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        Orationi militari. Raccolte per M. Remigio Fiorentino, da tutti gli Historici Greci e Latini, antichi e moderni, con gli Argomenti che dichiarono l'occasioni, per le quali elle furono fatte, dove sommariamente si toccano l'Historie, dal medesimo con diligenza corrette ed tradotte.

      appresso Giolito de' Ferrari 1557 Cm. 23, pp. (32) 740. Grande marchio tipografico di Giolito al frontespizio e moltissimi eleganti capolettera istoriati. Legatura settecentesca in piena pergamena rigida. Qualche sporadica macchietta, antico ex libris ms. al frontepziio ed un alone chiaro all'angolo delle ultime carte. Esemplare comunque genuino, marginoso ed in ottimo stato di conservazione. Prima edizione.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        DELL' ORIGINE DE' BARBARI CHE DISTRUSSERO PER TUTTO 'L MONDO L' IMPERIO DI ROMA, ONDE HEBBE PRINCIPIO LA CITTA' DI VENETIA, LIBRI UNDICI... VENETIA, PLINIO PIETRASANTA. 1557 1557

      VENETIA, PLINIO PIETRASANTA. 1557...CON UN CRONICO CHE SERVE ALLE NATIONI RICORDATE IN ESSI, ET PARTICOLARMENTE A' SAPER LE COSE FATTE DA I VENETI DALLA PRIMA ORIGINE DELLA CITTÀ FIN L' ANNO DCCC. IN 4° PERGAMENA SETTECENTESCA CON UNGHIE. (8), 210, (42) PP. INSEGNA TIPOGRAFICA NEL FRONTESPIZIO E DIVERSE GRANDI INIZIALI ORNATE N.T. PRIMO FOGLIO INGIALLITO, FODERATO E RESTAURATO NEL MARGINE, ULTIME DUE CARTE CON ANTICHI RESTAURI IMPERFETTI, ULTIMO FOGLIO, PROBABILMENTE BIANCO, MANCANTE; L' INTERNO È COMUNQUE BEN CONSERVATO. EDIZIONE ORIGINALE RARISSIMA. " OPERA PREGEVOLE DI ZENO NICOLÒ CHE NON APPOSE IL SUO NOME. LO ZENO, DICE IL FOSCARINI, STESE PIÙ DECHE, MA NON RIMANGONO CHE UNDICI LIBRI. VI SI LEGGONO LE ORIGINI DE' GETI, MASSAGETI, GEPIDI, UNNI, VANDALI, OSTROGOTI, VISIGOTI, LONGOBARDI, FRANCESI, ARABI. EGLI CORRESSE GLI ANNALI ANTICHI, E STESE CON MAGGIOR CERTEZZA LE COSE VENEZIANE, PONENDO ALCUNE PARTICOLARITÀ O TACIUTE DAGLI ALTRI, O QUI RESE PIÙ CHIARE..." ( CICOGNA, BIBLIOGRAFIA VENEZIANA, 579 ). BRUNET, IV, 230. GRAESSE, V, P. 48. B.M.., ITALIAN BOOKS, P. 564. www.libreriabrighenti.it

      [Bookseller: Brighenti libri esauriti e rari]
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        PHILOSOPHI STOICORUM OMNIUM ACUTISSIMI OPERA QUAE EXTANT OMNIA, COELII SECUNDI CURIONIS UIGILANTISSIMA CURA CASTIGATA, & IN NOUAM PRORSUS FACIEM, NIMIRUM PROPRIAM & SUAM, MUTATA: quorum lectio non modo ad bene dicendum,

      Ioannem Hervagium et Bernardum Brandun, Basel, 1557. Very Good with no dust jacket. Vellum Hardcover. Bound in contemporary vellum boards. 4to (approx 9 x 12.5"). (xvi), 761, (15 index) pp. IN LATIN. Edgewear, some very old tape repairs to boards. Titles in ink in a contemporary hand. On upper board ("L. Annaei Senecae | Opera omnia | (Basileae 1557) ") and spine ("L. Annaei Senecae Opumn") Very old damp-stain on rear board not affecting text block. Very light foxing throughout. Pages quite supple. One line of text written and then crossed out on title page. VERY GOOD. This is an extremely rare copy of the complete works of Seneca printed in Basel in 1557 by Johannem Hervagium and Bernardum Brandun. Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c. 4 BC-AD 65) was a Roman philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature. Tacitus gives an account of the suicide of Seneca in his book, the Annals, in Book XV, Chapter/Number 60 through 64. Works attributed to Seneca include a satire, a meteorological essay, philosophical essays, 124 letters dealing with moral issues, and nine tragedies. Seneca's brand of Stoic philosophy emphasized practical steps by which the reader might confront life's problems. Johannem Hervagium (Johannes Hervagius) was Swiss publisher active in the period approximately 1528 through 1561, who published authoritative texts of many classical authors. EXTREMELY RARE. 4to - over 9" - 12" tall

      [Bookseller: Round Table Books, LLC]
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        Sechsisch Weichbild Lehenrecht, und Remissorium, Auffs new an vielen orten, mit fleis anderwerts corrigiert und restituiret, Darzu etliche Urteil, In teglichen fürf allenden sachen... zum teil vor nicht gedruckt.

      3 Tle. in 1 Band. Mit Holzschnitt-Druckermarke auf dem Zwischentitel. 6 nn, CLXI num., 1 w. Bl., CXXI num., 1 w., 128 nn. Bll. Blindgepr. Schweinsleder d. Zt. auf Holzdeckeln mit Rollen- u. Plattenstempeln, datiert "1569". 32,5 x 23 cm. VD 16, D 738 (unter Deutschland); Kaspers 74 ff. (mit Abb.); Vgl. Homeyer, Sachsenspiegel, 13. - Frühe deutsche Ausgabe, die dritte bei Wolrab und erste in Bautzen gedruckte. Wolrab gründete 1555 die erste Presse in Bautzen. "Die größte Bedeutung erlangt davon das sogenannte "Sächsische Weichbild", mitunter auch als "Magdeburgisches Weichbild" bezeichnet, das als willkommene Ergänzung des Sachsenspiegels für den Sonderbereich des Stadtrechts mit diesem zusammen zur wichtigsten Grundlage des deutschen Rechts im Osten wird. Interessant ist in diesem Zusammenhang ... die Ausgabe von 1557, die, den Anfang des `Weichbildes` in neuer Fassung wiedergibt." (Kaspers). Schöner, durchgehend zweispaltiger Druck. - Einband leicht fleckig, fehlen die Schließen. Etwas gebräunt, tls. stockfleckig, Titel, Anfang und Ende mit kl. Wurmspuren. Fliegender Vorsatz mit Randabschnitt.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        DE CONVENIENTIA SUPPUTATIONIS LIVIANAE ANN. CUM MARMORIBUS ROM. QUAE IN CAPITOLIO SUNT. Eiusdem de arte, sive ratione corrigendi veteres Authores, disputatio. Eiusdem emendationum libri duo.

      In-4 p. (mm. 288x200), p. pergam. coeva, decoraz. a secco ai piatti, dorso a cordoni con tit. oro su tassello, 8 cc.nn., 59 cc.num., 1 c.nn., bella vignetta al frontespizio. "Edizione originale", dedicata ?ad Ioannem Donatum Patritium Venetum?. Cfr. Adams,II, p. 152 - Graesse,VI,141. ?Francesco Robortello (o Robertelli) (1516-1567), umanista udinese, professò eloquenza a Lucca, Pisa, Venezia, Bologna e Padova; pubblicò classici antichi con note, compose dissertazioni di antichità romane per alcune delle quali ebbe una fiera polemica con C. Sigonio che aveva trattato gli stessi argomenti. Ma l?opera sua più famosa e più importante è la traduzione latina della "Poetica" di Aristotile (1548), accompagnata da ampio commento?. Così Diz. Treccani,X,478 Frontesp. restaurato al margine interno per manc., altim. esempl. ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        (Gerichts-Proceß und Ordnung des Landrechtens des ... Ertzhertzogthumbs Österreich under der Enns)

      Wien, Johann Singriener, d.J., (1557).. 3 (von 4) unnum. Bll., 39 num. Bll., 1 unnum. Bl. Neue Lwd. Folio.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        DE SYMMETRIA PARTIUM HUMANORUM CORPORUM LIBRI QUATUOR, E? GERMANICA LINGUA, IN LATINAM VERSI.

      In-4 p. (mm. 307x204), elegante legatura in p. pelle mod., cornici a secco e picc. decoraz. oro ai piatti, dorso a cordoni con fregi e tit. oro, 4 cc.nn., 122 cc.num. (di cui 4, ripiegate: n2 - r1 - r2 e v4 - sono segnate come singole ma contate come doppie nella numerazione). Il vol. è ornato da una bella marca tipografica al frontespizio che raffig. un cavaliere su Pegaso nell?intento di trafiggere un drago con la lancia e, sullo sfondo, una città; da una pregevole testata e grandi iniziali a grottesche, ed è illustrato nel da 145 figure (corpi umani della grandezza della pagina), da alc. particolari (crani, mani e piedi) e da diagrammmi. Le interessanti illustrazioni sono copie delle silografie originali di Duerer della prima edizione tedesca, Norimberga, 1528. Celebrata ed importante opera. Cfr. Choulant, p. 143 e ss: "Albrecht Duerer (Nuremberg 1471 - 1528), like Leonardo da Vinci, wrote treatises on mathematics, chemistry, hydraulics, anatomy, and other scientific subjects.. He was one of the first artists in Germany who practiced and taught the rules of perspective, which he is said to have learned from Lucas von Leyden.. His book on human proportions was prepared for the press after his death by his lifelong friend Willibald Pirkheimer, and it appeared in October, 1528.. The work is divided into four books. The first two books treat of the proper proportions of the human form and its separate members, according to a constructed scale. He first divides the body into seven parts, each having the same measurement as the head, and he next considers the same divided into eight parts, giving also a separate consideration to the proportions of children. The woman, he considers, ought to be an eighteenth part shorter than man. In his proportions of the female figure he follows, perhaps unwittingly, the celebrated standard of the Venus de' Medici. In his third book he changes these proportions according to mathematical rule, and gives examples of ludicrously fat and thin figures, in which some one proportion is frightfully exaggerated. In the fourth book he shows the human form in movement, and treats especially of foreshortenings..? - Adams,I, p. 371 - Brunet,II,914 - Cicognara,319: ?nitidissima edizione?. Leggerm. corto del margine sup.; con qualche lieve alone e uniformi lievi ingialliture ma un buon esemplare.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        Fasti Et Triumphi Roma Romulo Rege Usque ad Carolum V. Caes. Aug.…

      Venice: Jacobus de Strada, 1557., 1557. folio. pp. 8 p.l., 228, [197]index. 369 medallion woodcuts (incl. repetitions) in text. large woodcut device on title. several woodcut initials. text partly printed in red. later vellum (covers lined, some scattered foxing, marginal dampstains to outer leaves). First Edition, Second Issue. Dedicated by Strada to Maximilian, King of Bohemia, later Emperor Maximilian II. Mortimer notes that the medallion woodcuts (white on black ground) representing ancient coins and medals were selected from the set of blocks cut for de Tournes’s Lyons edition of Strada’s 1533 Epitome. Author Panvinio, an eminent Italian antiquary and historian, and voracious collector of inscriptions and medals, was patronized by Cardinal Farnese. Adams P195. Mortimer, 16th Century Italian, 355. Graesse V 123. cfBM STC Italian p. 488.. 1st Edition.

      [Bookseller: D & E Lake Ltd. (ABAC, ILAB)]
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        Onomasticon theologicum in quo, praeter nomina propria, quae in bibliis extant, omnium Sanctorum, qui Calendario inscribuntur, Item Martyrum, Doctorum Ecclesiae, Haereticorum, Synodorum &c. Nomina & Historiae breviter annotatae sunt. A Theophilo Lebeo (= David Chytraeus der Ältere)

      Wittenberg, Kraft 1557. 16 cm. (156) Blatt mit Holzschnitt-Titelvignette. Pergamentband der Zeit - VD16 C 2658 - Holzm. / Boh. Pseud. 159 - Realenz. vergleiche IV, 115 - Erstausgabe. Das "Onomasticon theologicum" ist der "Versuch der Vereinigung einer theologischen Enzyklopädie mit einem hebräischen Wörterbuch" (Realenz.) Titelvignette mit Darstellung von Simson im Kampf mit dem Löwen. Rücken oben restauriert, erste 2 Blatt kleines Loch unterlegt mit Verlust von je 4 Buchstaben, die ersten und letzten Blatt leicht gebräunt, auf Titel oben zeitgenössischer Namenseintrag: "Sum Arnoldi Grothusius" (Arnold Grothaus aus Lemgo, Kantor in Helmstedt; vergleiche MGG III, 254) - Sprache / Language: Lateinisch / Latin -

      [Bookseller: Wenner Antiquariat]
 15.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Exotericarum exercitationum liber quintus decimus de subtilitate, ad Hieronymum Cardanum. In extremo duo sunt indices: priorbreuiusculus, continens sententias nobiliores: alter opulentissimus, penè omnia complectens.

      Lutetiae (Paris), Ex officina typographica Michaelis Vascosani, uia Iacobaea, ad insique Fontis, 1557. 4to. Lovely 17th century full calf binding with five raised bands and small gilt ornaments to back. Boards with two blindstamped triple-line borders inside eachother, the inner one with gilt corner-ornaments, gilt centre-pieces. Binding with some wear. Leather overall worn, corners bumped, capitals worn, upper capital with a bit of loss of leather. Strip of about one cm. cut away from top of t-p., no loss of text, old (near contemporary) scribbles and owner's names crossed out on t-p., near contemporary or a little later handwritten ex libris to top of title-page ("Ex libris Joannis Rebraut"). Contemporary or a little later marginal annotations to some leaves and likewise neat bibliographical inscription to pasted down front endpaper (7 lines, ..."Hac Editio.../ est emendatissima et elegantissima."). Smaller marginal dampstaining to upper corner from leaf SSiii onwards, not affecting text. Last about 15 leaves with very minor marginal loss, not affecting text. Internally all in all nice and clean. Illustrated with woodcuts, about 19 larger and smaller woodcut illustrations in the text, depicting diagrams of the earth, how water is created, moon, sun & earth, etc. (8), 476, (1), (59, -indexes), (1, -Privilege du Roi), (1, -colophon, verso blank) pp.. The beautiful and rare first edition of Scaliger's devastating polemical attack on Cardano's main work, "De Subtilitate", which caused one of the most famous of Renaissance disputes and invoked a foundational discussion of the nature of empirical approach to natural sciences and philosophy. The work presents us with numerous interesting attempts at describing and explaining various (natural) phenomena and (philosophical) dilemmas, and it became a highly famous and widely read book that exercised profound influence upon later philosophers, scientists and natural historians. "The "Exotericarum exercitationum" won a celebrity that survived its author's death. Lipsius, Bacon, and Leibnitz were among its later admirers; and Kepler who read it as a young man, accepted its Averroist doctrine of attributing the movement of each star to a particular intelligence." (D.S.B. XII:136).The title of the work indicates that this be the 15th book of Scaliger's attack on Cardanus' main work "De Subtilitate" - a "rambling miscellany of natural philosophy which eventually grew to twenty-one books and appeared in many reprints and revisions before and after Cardano's death in 1575" - polemically indicating that there were enough problems with the work to fill another 14 volumes. 14 such volumes were never written, nor planned. "Seldom read but widely cited in its own time and the century following was the "Fifteenth Book of Exoteric Exercises on Subtlety" by Julius Caesar Scaliger, a blast from an admirer of Aristotle bothered by Cardano's prose as well as his originality and sloppiness; Scaliger's title implied that there was enough wrong with "De subtilitate" to have filled fourteen other volumes. At one point, Scaliger thought that his attach had literally killed its victim, but it only helped enlarge his reputation, for better or for worse." (Copenhaver & Schmitt, p. 308).Just as Cardano's two grand encyclopaedic works, Scaliger's "Exotericarum" deals with all parts of natural philosophy, and thereby with all subjects that in the Renaissance were accepted as belonging to this discipline, i.e. natural science in general. "In astronomy Scaliger ridiculed Cardano's stress on the astrological significance of comets; and he denied that the world's decay is proven because the apse of the sun was thirty-one semidiameters nearer the earth than in Ptolemy's time. Scaliger also rejected several of Cardano's beliefs in natural history: that the swan sings at its death; that gems have occult virtues ("a flea has more virtue than all the gems"); that there exist corporeal spirits that eat; that the peacock is ashamed of its ugly legs." (D.S.B. XII:135). Due to his realistic and empirical approach to natural sciences and philosophy, Scaliger considered it necessary to attack the likes of Cardano. He considered himself an empirical Averroist, like e.g. Pomponazzi (by whom he is said to have been taught), and like him also primarily based his research and work on experience and observation. This search for truth was closely connected with his disputatious nature, which is what finally led him to this elaborate criticism of Cardano's "De subtilitate libri XXI", as it had lead him to attack Erasmus 26 years earlier. However, having received no answer from Cardano, Scaliger believed a false rumor that he had died, and suddenly felt awful having attacked the allegedly dead man; - he thus wrote him a funeral oration, full of repent. Cardano had not died, as it turned out, and he published his reply two years after the death of Scaliger.Julius Caesar Scaliger (Bordonius) was born in Padua, Italy, in 1484, and died in Agen, France, in 1558. He studied at the University of Padua, where he received the doctorate in artes in 1519, and where he was appointed lecturer in logic the following year, -a post he declined, perhaps in order to study medicine, the doctorate in which he is believed to have obtained as well. In Padua he was taught philosophy by the most prominent of philosophers: Pomponazzi, Marc' Antonio, Zimara and Nifo. Scaliger himself later received a great reputation throughout Europe, not only as a philosopher, but also as a physician and a natural scientist. He befriended the likes of Ronsard and Rabelais (for a time), and was known by almost all learned Europeans in the Renaissance. It was because of Scaliger that Nostradamus and Rabelais came to Agen. Due to the empirically grounded research, many of the results of Scaliger's work were considered controversial and heretical; -he was summoned before the Inquisition (but was acquitted), and some of his books were placed on the "Index of Prohibited Books"

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        The order of the hospitalls of K. Henry the viiith and K. Edward the vith, viz; St. Batholomew's. Christ's. Bridewell. St. Thomas's.

      [title continues] By the Maior, Cominaltie, and Citizens of London, Governeurs of the Possessions, Revenues and Goods of the sayd Hospitalls,1557. [London n.p., n.d. 1695?] 8vo. 116p. [A]4 (-[A]1), B-H8 (-H8.) - collates exactly as called for in ESTC on-line. Printed in black letter. Contemporary sprinkled calf, neatly rebacked retaining the original end leaves and paste-downs. A fine copy. * Wing O 389; Krivatsky p.723; Pepys Library p.131. * A major book on the early history of London. This book contains the first printing of the sixteenth-century statues of the London hospitals. Tradition has it that it was published at the instigation of Samuel Pepys. It must be remembered that hospitals in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were much broader institutions, of more general use, than that implied by the modern definition of places for the reception and treatment of the sick. They were charitable houses erected to provide a range of benefits the poor: schools, places of apprenticeship for poor children, workhouses, prisons, places of resort for the old and disabled as well as lying-inn hospitals and places for the sick and diseased. D'Arcy Power in "Notes on the bibliography of three sixteenth-century English books connected with London Hospitals" (The Library, 4th series) also Foundations of Medical History, 1931, p.124-8, observed of this book: "a casual examination of the book shows no reason to doubt the statement of the year 1557 made on the title page". The clue to the real date of publication is the name "Goodfellow" at the end of the minutes of the 5th printed page. John Goodfellow was town clerk from 1690-1700 and his name is printed here verifying the correct transcription of the sixteenth-century ordinance. In 1681 the court of Alderman, the governing body of the City of London, made a concerted attempt to regain control of the management of the four London hospitals which were becoming more independent. The 1557 ordinances confirmed the Corporation's authority but existed only in manuscript. Copies were therefore printed and distributed to the governors of the hospitals and every member of the Corporation of the City of London. Pepys was governor of the Mathematical School of Christ's Hospital, recently established at his instigation, and it is said that he was responsible for the edition. The book provides a valuable insight into the intricate organisation and running of these important instutions. The statutes contain sections on the number and duties of the governors, the courts governing the hospitals, the rules governing the admission of children and pensioners, of putting the children into service, the examination of single women found to be with child, the officers of President, Treasurer, Surveyor and all the lesser officers of the hospital including the Matron, The Nurses and Keepers of Wards, Butler, Porter, Shoemaker, Schoolmaster, Barber and Beadles. One of the chief officers was the Matron who was responsible for the condition of the women and children in the House and her duties mainly comprised keeping the nurses in order and seeing to the cleanliness and hygiene of the place.

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        Aeschyli Tragoediae VII. [Aischylou Tragodiai 7, Prometheus desmotes, Hepta epi Thebais, Persai, Agamemnon, Choephoroi, Eumenides, Iketides. Scholia eis tas autas tragodias. Aeschyli Tragoediae VII. Quæ cum omnes multo quam antea castigatiores eduntur, tum verò una, quæ mutila & decurtata erat, integra nunc profertur.

      Ex Officina Henrici Stephani [Estienne], no place (Geneva) 1557. Printer's device on the titlepage. (8)+, 395 (i.e. 397, page 138-139 numberede * and **). Rebound in a marbled paper binding. Top of spine (c. 2 cm.) is missing, so is the titlelabel on the spine. Inside is nice and clean apart from minor darkening and a wormwhole the first three leaves. In a newer slipcase.. Text in Greek, commentaries and introduction in Latin.** First complete edition by and the Editio Princeps, that is the first printed edition, of Agamemnon, one of the greatest tragedies ever written. The work is beautifully printed with types in two sizes by Estienne. *** This copy has a long line of great provenance: the book was purchased by Heinrich Paulli (with his name on the flyleaf). Originally from Rostock, he was physician for Queen Sophie, wife of the Danish King Frederik II and mother of King Christian IV. He was also the father of the reknown physician and botanist Simon Paulli (all this is beautifully written in Latin and with very old hand on the flyleaf). The copy also belonged to the Danish bookcollector B.W. Luxdorph, with his name on the flyleaf, as well the the Bibliotheca Communitatis Regiae - Regensbiblioteket - in Copenhagen (established 1777; partly sold 1853) with the letters B.C.R. in gold on the lower part of the spine. Also with much later names on the flyleafs, including the Danish classical scholar Holger (Friis Johansen)

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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