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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1554

        Sonetti e Canzoni

      P.Pietrasanta, Venezia 1554 - 1 volume in 24°, pp 380, legatura in piena pergamena, capilettera e testatine xilografati, bottello al dorso, edizione originale del commento del Ruscelli, esemplare mutilo del frontespizio contiene tutte le opere del Petrarca, esemplare in ottime condizioni, latino 1 volume in 24 °, pp 380, full parchment binding, woodcut initial letters and head-pieces, original edition of Ruscelli's commentary, frontispiece mutilated copy includes all the works of Petrarca in Latin, copy in very good conditions. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Redaelli Alberto]
 1.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        LE HISTORIE VINITIANE

      Venice, Comin Da Trino, 1554. Quarter leather, 8vo, (12) 244 leaves. Includes dramatic woodcut title border as well as many initial letters. Not in Adams. The last offering of this book at auction was over 10 years ago, when it sold for over 850 Euros. Wear to top of spine, a bit of light foxing, overall a quite nice copy. Very Good Condition (kh-8-8)

      [Bookseller: Dan Wyman Books LLC]
 2.   Check availability:     maremagnum.com     Link/Print  


        Hof-stede en landt-huys. . Daar beneffens een ontwerp van den gehelen land-bouw. . Als mede, de verhandeling van kinder-pokken en maselen, .Dordrecht, Abraham Andriesz. (colophon: printed by Gillis Neering), 1662. 4to. With an integral engraved frontispiece, Andriesz.'s woodcut publisher's device on title-page, and 4 engravings on integral leaves. Later half vellum, modern endpapers.

      - Bibl. Belg. II, pp. 1058-1059 (E43); BMN I, p. 58; STCN (6 copies). Rare Dordrecht Dutch edition (the only edition with the present title, content and arrangement) of a very popular work on country house-keeping (including medical and culinary matters) first published in Latin in 1554 by Charles Estienne (1504-1564), physician and King's Printer in Paris, who also wrote much of the text. He is known in Latin as Carolus Stephanus, here rendered in Dutch as Karel Stevens. The Latin edition appeared under the title Praedium rusticum, containing a collection of treatises on different aspects of the country household, such as planting trees and creating gardens, including a herb-garden, vineyards etc., keeping cattle, fish, bees, distilling, cheese-making, even creating a park for wild animals. We have found no other edition under the present title, nor any with a similar content. With a small restoration in the upped margin of the engraved title-page, only slightly touching the image, and a small restoration at the lower outer corner of letterpress title-page, some marginal thumbing and small water stains, otherwise in good condition. Binding very good.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
 3.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        Ciceronis De oratore libri 3. Orator. De claris oratoribus. Corrigente Paulo Manutio, Aldi filio. 

      (Paolo Manuzio), , 1554. In-8° Piena pergamena titolo manoscritto e 2 forellini di tarlo al dorso, marmorizzato al taglio. 240 cc. Esemplare con antiche tracce d'uso: note manoscritte a inachiostro, glosse, correzioni, una piccola mancanza dal m. bianco della carta65, sottolineature,. Errore nella n. delle p., ma completo. Pagine fresche, solo da 136 a 155 liev. brunite. 

      [Bookseller: Galleria Garisenda]
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        Del Modo Di Fortificar Le Città.

      In Venetia, per Plinio Pietrasanta, MDLIIII (1554), - in-4 piccolo, pp. 61 (su 63 mancando i ff. E2 e E3 probabilmente ill.), (1 con errata e registro), legatura moderna in marocchino granata, filetto ai piatti e titolo lungo il dorso, il tutto impresso in oro. Precede il testo dedica a Massimiliano d'Austria. Bel frontespizio illustrato con cornice allegorica e impresa dello stampatore, ritratto a piena pagina dell'autore, 3 silografie a piena pagina (su 5) n.t. e 3 pi? piccole, tutte ad illustrare schemi di fortificazioni; iniziali istoriate e finalini. Prima edizione del primo trattato italiano interamente dedicato alle fortificazioni. Si tratta anche di una delle prime opere in assoluto sull'argomento, essendo preceduta solo dal ''Etliche underricht zur befestigung der Stett'' di Durer apparsa nel 1527. Lo Zanchi (1515-c.1586), ingegnere militare al servizio veneziano, teorizz? un sistema di fortificazione basato sull'ottagono e piazze circondate da bastioni pentagonali, al fine di adeguare il sistema di difesa alle nuove armi. L'opera godette di notevole fortuna: nel giro di pochi anni venne tradotta in francese (1556) e inglese (1562). Buon esemplare purtroppo mancante di 2 ff.: foglio di titolo lievemente rifilato nel margine superiore. Berlin Katalog 3508. Breman 344. Cockle 767. Riccardi II, 649. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Pregliasco]
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        Annotationes in dioscoridem anazerbeum

      Lyon, Guillaume Rouillé 1554 - In-16, 340 pages ; vélin souple de l’époque, dos lisse avec un titre à l'encre. Très rare édition originale des commentaires d'Andres Laguna sur la Materia Medica de Dioscoride. Ces annotations et commentaires constituent un travail préparatoire à sa grande œuvre de botanique et de pharmacologie, sa traduction castillane illustrée de Dioscoride qui parut pour la première fois à Anvers, l'année suivante, en 1555, puis à Salamanque en 1566. Ces annotations sont des commentaires critiques et corrections de l'édition latine de Dioscoride donnée par Ruelle d'après des manuscrits grecs auxquels a eu accès Laguna en Espagne et en Italie. Intéressant exemplaire de Claude Saumaise (1588-1653), avec son ex-libris manuscrit sur la page de titre. Il est intéressant de constater que l'helléniste et philologue qu'était Saumaise possédait, au moins, ce rarissime commentaire en grec et en latin. Bel exemplaire en strict condition d'origine. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Le Zograscope]
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        Summa Conciliorum et Pontificum a Petro vsq[ue] ad Iulium Tertiu[m] : succinctè complectens omnia quae alibi sparsim tradita sunt per F. Bartholomaeum Carranzam . nunc denuo per ipsummet recognita, & aucta. Nouissime restituta sunt quae ante hanc aeditionem mutila et lacera circunferebantur.- Salmanticae : excudebat Andreas de Portonariis, 1551.- [Sigue:] Decreta et acta Sacro Sancti Oecumenici et generalis Concilii Tridentini, sub Papa Paulo tertio, Anno domini millessimo quingentessimo quadragessimo quinto, &. xlvj. &. xlvij. Et sub Papa Iulio tertio, Anno, millessimo quingentessimo quinquagessimo primo, &. LII.

      Metinae: apud Stephanum Palatiolum, s.d. [Colofón: Vallisoleti: apud Franciscum Cordubensem, M.D.LIII.] 1554 - [Para pedidos desde fuera de España, por favor, consulte las condiciones de venta y envío, tipo A. / For orders to be delivered outside Spain, please, let you see our sale and shipping terms, type A. / Pour les commandes à livrer hors d'Espagne, s'il vous plait, voyez les conditions de vente et de livraison, type A].- // 2 obras en 1 vol.; 8º mayor, (209x142mm.).- Summa.: [62], 695, [2] p.; sign.: *6, aa-cc8, A-Z8, AA-VV8, XX6); dos marcas tipográficas diferentes de portonaris, en portada, lema 'In virtute oculi et manus' y, en verso de XX6; iniciales grabadas y apostillas marginales.- Decreta.: [3], [1] en bl., 9-131 h.; sign.: A4, B-Q8, R3; fecha consta en colofón; marca tipográfica lema 'In Domino Confido'.- // Encuadernación en plena piel, restaurada a finales del s. XVIII o principios del XIX, conservando planos originales de época bellamente decorados en un gofrado seco arquitectónico de orlas decoradas y ornamentos; cortes tintados en rojo; en corte lateral, leyenda 'S. Concilio' En esa restauración, el lomo de la encuadernación, demasiado estrecho, fue adherido férreamente al lomo del cuerpo, generando demasiada tensión en el cuerpo del libro y provocando que las charnelas se hayan rasgado, que el plano delantero esté descolgándose y que las tres primeras y las tres últimas hojas del volumen hayan sufrido rasgaduras en el margen interior. Rastro de humedad antiguo en los dos primeros cuadernillos de la primera obra que, sin embargo, a partir de ahí está fresca a excepción de algunos esporádicos subrayados de época, de otro rastro de humedad antigua, este en la punta superior a partir de p. 649, y de una desdichada mancha de tinta en la punta inferior entre las p. 429-569 que ha devorado el papel produciendo pérdidas en ese margen. [Tras muchas dudas, hemos decidido mantener la encuadernación como está y disponer un precio menor para que su futuro propietario pueda restaurarla como estime más oportuno].- // Proc.: En verso de guarda delantera, 'Diolo el doctor Molina'; dos exlibris ms. en portada de primera obra, 'Del Col. de Santº de la Comp.ª de Ihs de Baeza', y 'Del colegio de la compañia de Jesus de baeca' Muy posiblemente, vista la descripción que hicieron, se trata del mismo ejemplar que Steward, Wheatley & Adlard subastaron en Londres el 25 de octubre de 1827.- // Refs: Summa.: Palau, 44988; Ruiz Fidalgo, Salamanca, 356.- Decreta.: Marsá, Valladolid, 307; Palau, 69496; Pérez Pastor, Medina, 105.- // Única edición completa de la Summa Conciliorum de Carranza, junto a la única edición de la Colección de Medina.- // Durante el tercer periodo del Concilio de Trento, solo podía disponerse del conjunto de los cánones y decretos conciliares aceptados por la Iglesia católica hasta ese momento si se reunían las dos obras que están encuadernadas en este volumen. La primera, la edición salmantina de 1551 de la Summa Conciliorum, del teólogo dominico Bartolomé de Carranza, única completa de todas las ediciones impresas en Europa en el siglo XVI. La segunda, la colección de Medina (Medina del Campo, 1554), compilación de todos los decretos emanados de los dos primeros periodos del Concilio de Trento, única edición de la única obra que se publicó con ese contenido en toda Europa antes de que diez años más tarde, en 1563, el Concilio concluyera, por fin, sus sesiones.- // La edición salmantina de 1551 de la Summa Conciliorum es la más completa e interesante de cuantas se publicaron en los siglos XVI y XVII, porque todas las ediciones impresas fuera de España reprodujeron el contenido de la primera edición, la de Venecia de 1546 que, no solo tenía lagunas, sino también textos espurios que Carranza había tomado de fuentes erróneas, como las falsas decretales de pseudo-Isidoro. Como la Summa fue el resultado de las lecturas que hizo en Trento desde principios de 1545 mientras esperaba como teólogo imperial a que acabasen los problemas que venían demorando la apertura del Concilio, cuando seis meses después de su inicio este se sup [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Andarto B.]
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        Minorum operum

      335 und 466 nn Blätter Johannes Justus von Landperg Minorum operumKöln, Neuss und Cholinus 1554 und 1555Signet und Initailien von Anton WoensamSehr Selten!2 Bände, Folio, 20x30 cm, libri sex, libri VIIILedereinbände (ca 17. Jhdt), mit floraler Rückenprägung, Ecken und Kanten bestossen, Einband abgerieben, fleckig, Buchrücken gerissen , abgeschabt, Band 2 mit Lesebändchen, 3seitiger Rotschnitt, fleckig und verblasst, marmorierte Vorsatzblätter, Seiten vergilbt, etwas gewellt, teilw. fleckig, teilw. altersgemäß gebräunt, teilw. restauriert, einige kleine Löcher vom Buchwurm, ab und an ein paar kleine Löcher in den Blättern, eine paar Feuchtigkeitsflecken, Band 2: Titelblatt, 1. und 2. Seite verknickt, gerissen und restauriertBand 1: 335 nn Blätter (470 Seiten) c5, a6-z6, aa6-ff8, #4-##4, aaa6-vvv6 Band 2: 466 nn Blätter (932 Blätter*6-***6, A6-Z6, AA6-GG6, HH4-II4, KK6-ZZ6, AAA6-ZZZ6, AAAA4 Johannes Justus von LandsbergGeboren um 1490 in Landsberg am Lech. 1507 läßt er sich in die artistische Fakultät der Universität Köln einschreiben und ist bereits ein Jahr später, 1508, zum Doktor der Philosophie. 1509 tritt er als Mönch in die Kölner Kartause ein. Hier ist er Sakristan, Novizenmeisters und ab 1520 als Vikar an der Seite Blommeveens. 1530 wir der Prior der Kartause Vogelsang. Aus gesundheitlichen Gründentritt er jedoch zurück um ab 1535 als einfacher Mönch in Köln zu leben. Am 10. 1539 ist er hier verstorben.In kleineren Schriften bezieht er sich auf den Kampf, der zu seiner Zeit die Kirche bis in ihre Grundfesten hinein erschütterte, die Reformation.Anton Woensam (auch Anton von Worms, zwischen 1492 und 1500 in Worms - 1541 in Köln) war ein deutscher Maler, Holzschneider, Graphiker und Buch-Illustrator. Weiters illustrierte er Bücher, wie EinhardsVita et Gesta Karoli Magni". Der Titel zeigt die beiden Kaiser Karl I und Karl V.) Er illustrierte unter anderem auch die Sammlung "De vita & moribus summorum pontificium historia..." ("Leben, Sitten und Geschichte der höchsten Geistlichen...") aus dem Jahre 1518 von Bartholomeo Sacci de Platina und weitere Werke. Hier: Initialien aus dem Kinder - und Arabesken-Alphabet.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Liber Antiqua]
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        DE EXEMPLIS ILLUSTRIUM VIRORUM Venete Civitatis atque aliarum Gentium.

      Tridentino, Venezia 1554 - in-4 antico, 1 cb, pp. (8), 309, 2 cb, leg. p. perg. molle coeva con tracce di legacci. Gr. vignetta xilogr. al front. raff. Mercurio e Atena. Prima rara ediz. postuma, curata da Marco da Molino, cui l’A. affidò prima di morire i suoi mss. L’opera è divisa in nove libri, su modello degli Exempla di Valerio Massimo, ed è conosciuta anche un’ediz. di Parigi dello stesso anno. Adams E-81. BMC 231. Cicogna 2553. Mancanza all’angolo sup. destro al front. con tit. integrato mss, ma con perdita parziale di testo al verso (privilegio). Picc. mancanza della perg. al piatto ant. Splendido esempl. a larghiss. margini e molto fresco.

      [Bookseller: SCRIPTORIUM Studio Bibliografico]
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        Pancharis of minnedichtjes, los en ongebonden by leedige uiren nagevolgt onder de Naam van Rozelyn, benevens nog enige andere, uit verscheidene dichters, om gelykheid van stoffe hier by gevoegt. Groningen, Joannes Cost, 1724. [2 delen in een band].

      "8°: pi 4 A-I 8 K 4, gepagineerd: [8] 70; 81 [1] pp. Titelpagina in zwart en rood. Oorspr. papieren omslag. Lit.: Zie over Gerhard Alting: NNBW I, 94. Waller 302"."Jean Bonnefons d'Auvergne (1554-1614) schreef zijn Neolatijnse minnezangen onder de naam Janus Bonefonius. Volgens een onder het voorbericht ingeplakte notitie in handschrift is de Nederlandse vertaler Gerhard Alting. Achter de gedichten van Bonefonius volgt nog een aantal erotische gedichten, zo overzettingen als eige vindingen, om de overeenkomst van stoffe bygevoegt, schrijft de vertaler in het voorbericht. Gerhard Alting (geboren in Groningen in 1694) studeerde rechten in Groningen. Hij heeft veel Latijnse gedichten geschreven, die meest op losse bladen zijn gedrukt."

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat A.G. VAN DER STEUR]
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        Due comedie di Lorenzo Comparini Fiorentino. Cioè il pellegrino e t il ladro, nuovamente uscite in luce. Venezia, Giolio, 1554; segue: Comedia detta gli Adelphi di Publio Terentio... nuovamente di latino in toscano tradotta da Alberto Lollio. Venezia, Giolito, 1554; segue: Egloghe D'Andrea Lori, a imitation di Vergilio al sig. Abate Rucellai. Venezia, Giolito, 1554.

      appresso Gabriel Giolito de' Ferrari, 1554. In-12°, cc. 47,(3); 49,(3); 98,(3), 2 bianche, ogni opera con proprio frontespizio con marca tipografica del Giolito al front. e al colophon, bella legatura coeva in piena pelle, titolo impresso a secco al dorso e al piatto superiore che cita Comeie diverse, ai piatti triplice cornice a secco con agli angoli e al centro fregi a secco a motivi floreali, bel taglio in oro cesellato. Mancanza di pelle al dorso alla parte superiore e inferiore, abrasioni e graffi ai piatti. Pregevole miscellanea di commedie del'500 in legatura strettamente coeva, meritevole di un restauro. Firme di appartenenza privata alle carte bianche e al primo frontespizio. Frammento di antico codice su pergamena alla cerniera superiore.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Xodo]
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        [Opera] Catullus et in eum commentarius M. Antonii Mureti. Commentary by Marc-Antoine Muret ("Muretus", 1526-1585)

      Venice: Paulus Manutius Aldus, 1554. First edition with Muretus' commentary. Spine label chipped, joints light rubbed; title slightly soiled, some occasional worming, most marginal. 8vo (152 x 96 mm). [4ff.]; 134ff; [2ff.]. Large Aldine woodcut device on title and verso of final leaf. Italic type, occasional Greek and Roman types. 19th-century brown calf gilt, all edges gilt. Provenance: discreet contemporary ownership inscription on title, a few annotations in text. The text includes the "Priapea." Marc Antoine Muret, or Muretus as he styled himself, was one of the great humanists of the Renaissance, and is often considered the greatest Latin prose styilst of the age. His commentary of Catullus first appears in this edition, issuing a "new age" of scholarship according to D. F. S. Thomson. Muretus was "reinforced by a greater knowledge of Greek [than his predecessors]... What is above all interesting in Muretus is the union, characteristic of French Humanism in that period, of poetry and scholarship" (Catullus, ed by D. F. S. Thomson, Toronto, 1997, pp. 48-49). It was Paulus Manutius, Aldus' successor, who made a place in Venice for Muretus when the latter was forced into exile for pederasty. The publisher assigned him the editorship of a series of classical texts, with Catullus being the first. Adams C-1145; BM/STC Italian, p. 161; Brunet I:1682; Renouard 162:19.

      [Bookseller: Riverrun Books & Manuscripts]
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        Hof-stede en landt-huys. ... Daar beneffens een ontwerp van den gehelen land-bouw. ... Als mede, de verhandeling van kinder-pokken en maselen, ...Dordrecht, Abraham Andriesz. (colophon: printed by Gillis Neering), 1662. 4to. With an integral engraved frontispiece, Andriesz.'s woodcut publisher's device on title-page, and 4 engravings on integral leaves. Later half vellum, modern endpapers.

      Bibl. Belg. II, pp. 1058-1059 (E43); BMN I, p. 58; STCN (6 copies). Rare Dordrecht Dutch edition (the only edition with the present title, content and arrangement) of a very popular work on country house-keeping (including medical and culinary matters) first published in Latin in 1554 by Charles Estienne (1504-1564), physician and King's Printer in Paris, who also wrote much of the text. He is known in Latin as Carolus Stephanus, here rendered in Dutch as Karel Stevens. The Latin edition appeared under the title Praedium rusticum, containing a collection of treatises on different aspects of the country household, such as planting trees and creating gardens, including a herb-garden, vineyards etc., keeping cattle, fish, bees, distilling, cheese-making, even creating a park for wild animals. We have found no other edition under the present title, nor any with a similar content. With a small restoration in the upped margin of the engraved title-page, only slightly touching the image, and a small restoration at the lower outer corner of letterpress title-page, some marginal thumbing and small water stains, otherwise in good condition. Binding very good.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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        Parte Primera de la Chronica del Peru.

      Anversa, En casa de Iuan Steelsio, (In fine:) Impresso en Anvers por Iuan Lacio, 1554 - In 8°, bella legatura coeva in piena pelle, dorso a 4 nervi con fregi a secco, piatti inquadrati da duplice cornice a tre filetti impressi a secco, fregi floreali sugli angoli e al centro ( qq. lieve abrasione, ma ben conservata e genuina); cc. (8), 285, (9). Marca tipografica al frontespizio con motto “Concordia Res Parvae Crescunt” e 43 illustrazioni xilografiche a ½ pagina nel testo (diverse delle quali ripetute più volte). Seconda o terza edizione (alle due contemporanee edizioni di Anversa i bibliografi non sanno assegnare un ordine di priorità) di questa celebre cronaca, pubblicata per la prima volta a Siviglia, edizione in folio, nel 1553. Pedro Cieza de Leon fu il primo “soldato cronista” della storia della conquista del “Nuovo Mondo” e fu al servizio di Pedro La Gasca nella “guerra civile” peruviana contro Gonzalo Pizarro. L’opera costituisce la prima testimonianza a stampa contenente la descrizione delle città fondate dagli spagnoli, come Quito e Lima, oltre alla descrizione di Cuzco del lago Titicaca e del “Cerro Rico” del Potosì (quest’ultima di particolare interesse in quanto descritta anche con una illustrazione xilografica tratta da un disegno dal vero realizzato dallo stesso autore). Le xilografie sono di grande interesse anche per alcune raffigurazioni dei nativi. Le illustrazioni che sono più spesso ripetute sono quelle che raffigurano attività di costruzione, in altre è raffigurata la presenza del demonio, in una di queste egli assiste ad un sacrificio umano. Ex Libris di Massimiliano I di Wittelsbach, duca di Baviera, con data 1618 incisa sotto lo stemma, sul contropiatto anteriore: “Ex Bibliotheca Sereniss. Vtriusq. Bavariae Ducum. 1618”. La data 1618 impressa nell’ex libris sta a sottolineare il suo rientro in carica, proprio in quell’anno, dopo le dimissioni del 1616. Il 1618 è anche la data di avvio della Guerra dei Trent’anni, che ebbe il Wittelsbach tra i principali protagonisti. Bibl. Salvà, 3293. Heredia, 3422. European Americana, 554/15. Sabin, 13045. Palau (ed. 1924), 199. Medina. Biblioteca Hispano – Americana, 163 [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Docet di Rabiti Loris]
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        TRATTATO di Messer. dell’Istrumento et Via Inventrice degli antichi.

      per Plinio Pietrasanta,, Venezia, 1554 - in-4 antico, pp. 172, (2), leg. m. pelle ‘800 con tit. oro al d., angoli, piatti in carta dec. Belliss. front. in legno con tit. in edicola architettonica animata da putti e figg. allegoriche. Dedicat. di G. Ruscelli a Marcello Cervino di Santa Croce. Capilett. xilogr. Ediz. orig. di una rara opera dell’E. a carattere filosofico: rifacendosi a dottrine platoniche, l’A. vi sostiene che la strada che porta all’apprendimento è necessariamente quella "divisiva" che induce la memorizzazione del sapere. Adams E-924. Bmc 237. Salvo lievi aloni al margine sup. di alcune cc., bell’esempl. a larghi margini su carta forte. Manca l’ultima cb (Y4).

      [Bookseller: SCRIPTORIUM Studio Bibliografico]
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        L'Histoire Ecclésiastique, translatée de Latin en François, par Messire Claude de Seyssel

      L'histoire Ec- / clesiastique / translatee de Latin en Francois, par mes- / sire Claude de Seyssel, Euesque / lors de Marseille: & depuis / Archeuesque de / Thurin, 1 vol. in-8 reliure XIXe reprenant les plats d'origine à entrelacs, semis de points et fleurons, dos à ornementation pastiche, toutes tranches dorées, A Paris, Par Arnoul l'Angelier, en la grand' salle du Palais, au second Pillier, 1554, ff. 185 [ 6 ], Signatures : A-Z8 Aa7 Intéressant exemplaire de l'édition l'Angelier de 1554 dans une reliure XIXe reprenant les beaux plats d'origine à ornements d'entrelacs, de semis de points et de fleurons (manques restaurés en page de titre, ex-libris ms. Ant. Serpeille 1844, la notice de l'Universal Short Title Catalogue indique 1 feuillet de plus, une mouill. aux derniers ff. qq. annotations). Français

      [Bookseller: Librairie Du Cardinal]
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        Historia de México, con el descubrimiento de la Nueva España, conquistada por el muy illustre y valeroso Principe don Fernando Cortes, Marques del Valle, Escrita por Francisco Lopez de Gomara, clerigo. Añadiose de la nuevo descripcion y traça de todas las Indias

      First edition of this title, "the first history of Mexico printed" (Wagner); the first edition of this work appeared in Zaragoza in 1552, this is the eight in total, printed only two years after the impossibly rare first -and the first to include Bellere´s map, almost never present; "...almost all historians and bibliographers assert that when this work appeared, it was suppressed" (Wagner, Vol. 1, p. 81). This particular copy has the Bellere map, which extends from the West Indies, showing Florida and southern United States, to the Strait of Magellan. The work is divided in two parts, each independent of the other: the first deals with the location of the Indies, Colombus´ discoveries, the colonization of Hispaniola, Peru, amongst other subjects; the second part, which is what is contained in this edition -published separately-, is almost solely dedicated to Mexico, Cortes´ life, his voyages and expedition to Cuba, Santo Domingo, and Honduras, and the conquest of Mexico. Furthermore it includes valuable details on the life in America, native languages, ethnographical material, and what little information was available on California and the Southwest at such an early date (records Cortés' expeditions to the western coast; the discovery and naming of California; the Ulloa voyages along the coast of Upper California; the preliminary journey to Cibola of Fray Marcos de Niza; and the expedition to the fabled Seven Cities by Francisco Vázquez de Coronado). ""Including the expeditions of Cortés in 1535, Francisco de Ulloa in 1539, and Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo in 1542" (Mathes). Cortes´ biography is tightly linked t the history of Mexico; Gomara´s work was swiftly supressed (1553, by order the Crown), possibly due to Cortes´ family opposition and claims to their rights in Mexico-which naturally included copious details of the Conqueror´s life. Despite this prohibition, this early chronicle of the new Continent was re-printed several times in the 16th century, and translated into Italian, English, French, and other languages. Lopez de Gomara (c.1511 - 1559) was secretary to Cortes upon his return to Spain, and praises him much -looked upon as a valiant men, and a hero- a position that allowed him access to otherwise secret and first-hand sources of information. It was in fact, the most frequently cited history of the American territories, even when defending Spanish actions in the colonization process. Sabin, 27731. Palau, 141143. European Americana 1554/32. Medina, Hispano-Americana, 168. JCB (to 1599) I, pp. 180-181. Mathes, California Colonial Bibliography 1n (for the first edition).

      [Bookseller: HS Rare Books]
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        Sylvula complectens praecipua meteororum genera, quae apud Aristotelem & alios philosophos passim reperiuntur

      1554 - Extended title: Sylvula complectens praecipua meteororum genera, quae apud Aristotelem & alios philosophos passim reperiuntur, iam recens edita, authore M. Michaele Stanhuffio VVurtzburgensi, . Adjecta est Elegia clarissimi viri Bernardi Holtorpii.Witebergae, Anno 1554 Translation: "A Little Treatise Embracing Principle Types of Meteors, which were found in Aristotle and other philosophers" This is a small (4"x6.25") 141-page book with thin, edge worn marbled board covers held together by a dark brown spine with gilt lettering title “Stanhuffio” and the date 1554. It is one of only 11 editions published in 1554. A bookplate of the Royal Meteorological Society – Symons Bequest 1900 is pasted to the inside front cover and under it a seal stating “Sold by order of THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY 1973.” Pages are age-darkened, but the text is distinct and clearly legible. There are frequent, faded underlining and Latin marginalia in reddish brown ink, which appear to be nearly as old as the book (see title page image). Michael Stanhuf (d.1608) was a student of Philip Melanchthon, who stands next to Luther and Calvin as a reformer, theologian, and molder of Protestantism. Stanhuf became school rector in Schleswig, Germany. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Old Professor's Bookshop]
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        Historia del descubrimiento y conquista de la India por los Portugueses, compuesta ... en lenguaje Portugues y traduzida nuevamente en Romance Castellano

      This is Castañeda´s cornerstone work on the Portuguese discoveries and territorial expansion in Asia, especially the East Indies, and India. First edition in Spanish (after the Portuguese first: 1551). The work is extremely rare, and is the first translation into any other language; it was suggested by Quaritch that the original English edition was translated from this Spanish translation, and not the Portuguese. "Although relating principally to the Portuguese in India, China, and the East Indies (where Lopes de Castanheda lived for twenty years), this work contains interesting particulars of the Portuguese conquest of Brazil. The first book [all that was published] treats only the early part of Lopes de Castanheda's history, but it is the part most important in American history, as it includes Cabral's voyage [his discovery of Brazil in 1500] and others. Nothing more was ever printed in English or Spanish" (Hill 1035, for the English edition). The first English edition came out only in 1582, and, as in this first Spanish edition, also translated the first book alone. The Portuguese original, an absolute rarity, was published between 1551 and 1561, and consisted of eight books; the one here translated contains the information on Cabral´s arrival in Brazil. Pedro Alvares Cabral (c. 1467 - c. 1520) was a Portuguese navigator, military officer, and one of the leading figures of the age of exploration, often reputed as the discoverer of Brazil; Cabral conducted the first substantial exploration of the Northeast coast of South America, claiming it for Portugal: "it is the only part, which is important for American history, as it includes Cabral's voyage and the landing in Brazil. It is probable that this is the edition used by Nicholas Lichfield for his English translation, published in 1582; his version of the author's prologue agrees closely with the abridgement printed in this Spanish translation, and he too published no more than the first book" (Quaritch, No. 883, A catalogue of books on various subjects, 1967). Palau, 140958. Salva, 3351. Peeters-Fontainas, 712. This edition is not in Sabin, Church, or J. C. Brown.

      [Bookseller: HS Rare Books]
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        TRATTATO di Messer... dell'Istrumento et Via Inventrice degli antichi.

      per Plinio Pietrasanta, 1554. in-4 antico, pp. 172, (2), leg. m. pelle '800 con tit. oro al d., angoli, piatti in carta dec. Belliss. front. in legno con tit. in edicola architettonica animata da putti e figg. allegoriche. Dedicat. di G. Ruscelli a Marcello Cervino di Santa Croce. Capilett. xilogr. Ediz. orig. di una rara opera dell'E. a carattere filosofico: rifacendosi a dottrine platoniche, l'A. vi sostiene che la strada che porta all'apprendimento è necessariamente quella "divisiva" che induce la memorizzazione del sapere. Adams E-924. Bmc 237. Salvo lievi aloni al margine sup. di alcune cc., bell'esempl. a larghi margini su carta forte. Manca l'ultima cb (Y4).

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Scriptorium]
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        't Boeck vande vroet-wijfs. Amsterdam, Broer Jansz., 1633. 4to. With woodcut illustration on title-page and 35 woodcut illustrations in text, several full-page. Contemporary vellum.

      Bibl. Belg. IV, p. 928; Krivatsy 10016; STCN (2 copies). Rare sixth(?) edition of the Dutch translation of Jacob Rüff's classic and well-illustrated book on the conception, generation and birth of the child, the duties of the midwife, the attendant diseases of child-bearing, etc. Translated into Dutch by Marten Everart. Rüff's work is an improved version of Rosslin's Der Swangern frawen and contained the first true anatomical pictures in an obstetrics book.It was originally published in 1554 as Ein schön lustig Trostbüchli von den empfengknussen und geburten der Menschen, translated into Latin in the same year as De conceptu et generatione hominis ... insuper. The first of the many Dutch editions appeared in 1591, all early editions are very rare. The present edition contains the preface by Sigmund Feyerabend, who published the Latin edition of 1580.Bookblock nearly detached, first few leaves with restored corners, title-page worn, a few pages lightly browned and some occasional minor stains. Reasonable copy.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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        QUESITI ET INVENTIONI DIVERSE de Nicolo Tartaglia, di novo restampati con una gionta al sesto libro, nella quale si mostra duoi modi di redur una citta inespugnabile.

      In Venetia: per Nicolo de Bascarini ad instantia & requisitione & a proprie spese de Nicolo Tartaglia Autore, 1554.. SECOND EDITION 1554, imprint from colophon, Italian text, small 4to, approximately 220 x 150 mm, 8½ x 6 inches, large woodcut portrait of the author on the title page, 40 woodcut illustrations in the text plus an additional strip of paper bearing a repeat illustration pasted to fore-edge of leaf S3r as in all copies of the 1554 edition, numerous diagrams, 11 historiated initials, leaves: [4], 5-128 leaves, numbered on rectos only, making a total of 254 pages, signature H is duplicated i.e. pages 29-32, collated and guaranteed complete, bound in modern half leather over patterned paper boards, 3 raised bands, blind rules and gilt title to spine, new endpapers. Pale stain to margins throughout up to leaf 104, then heavier stains to leaf 125, also a smaller darker brown stain in the upper margins sometimes affecting text but with no loss of legibility, 1 small inkspot to text with loss of 3 letters, small brown spot to pasted on illustration, tiny hole in 2 margins. Binding tight and firm. A very good copy. First published in 1546 the second edition was the first to contain the Addendum to Book VI, which is an early important treatise on fortification. Niccolo Fontana Tartaglia (1499-1557), born in Brescia, was an Italian mathematician who originated the science of ballistics which he first treated in his earlier work Nova Scientia. The first two books in the Quesiti consist of dialogues on this subject, the first with the cannon founder Alberghetto di Alberghetti, the third book is on gunpowder, the fourth on military formations in battle, the fifth on the geometer's compass is a dialogue with his friend Richard Wentworth, Henry VIII's envoy in Venice (the entire book is dedicated to Henry VIII of England), the sixth, as noted, on fortifications, the seventh and eighth are on mechanics and the final ninth book is on problems in arithmetic and ends with the famous correspondence with Cardan on their rival claims to have been the first to solve cubic equations. Cockle, Bibliography of Military Books up to 1642, No.660; Adams, Catalogue of Books Printed in Europe 1501-1600, Volume II, No. T184; Fabrizio Govi, I Classici Che Hanno Fatto L'Italia, page 82, No. 85; Spaulding & Karpinski, Early Books in the University of Michigan Libraries, page 3, No.15; The Haskell Norman Library of Science and Medicine, Part 1, page 192, No. 202. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE. FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        t Boeck vande vroet-wijfs. Amsterdam, Broer Jansz., 1633. 4to. With woodcut illustration on title-page and 35 woodcut illustrations in text, several full-page. Contemporary vellum.

      - Bibl. Belg. IV, p. 928; Krivatsy 10016; STCN (2 copies). Rare sixth(?) edition of the Dutch translation of Jacob Rüff's classic and well-illustrated book on the conception, generation and birth of the child, the duties of the midwife, the attendant diseases of child-bearing, etc. Translated into Dutch by Marten Everart. Rüff's work is an improved version of Rosslin's Der Swangern frawen and contained the first true anatomical pictures in an obstetrics book.It was originally published in 1554 as Ein schön lustig Trostbüchli von den empfengknussen und geburten der Menschen, translated into Latin in the same year as De conceptu et generatione hominis . insuper. The first of the many Dutch editions appeared in 1591, all early editions are very rare. The present edition contains the preface by Sigmund Feyerabend, who published the Latin edition of 1580.Bookblock nearly detached, first few leaves with restored corners, title-page worn, a few pages lightly browned and some occasional minor stains. Reasonable copy.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        Histoire de nostre tems, Faite en latin? revue & augmentee outre les precedentes Impressions.

      Ian de Tournes, & Guil. Gazeau, Lyon 1554 - 1 vol. in-16 de (48)-749-(1) pp. 1 feuillet blanc, vélin doré, fleurons dorés au dos, filets d?encadrement sur les plats, tranches dorées (reliure de l?époque). Troisième édition française de cet ouvrage « non sans mérite », paru d?abord en latin en 1548. Exemplaire réglé. De la bibliothèque de R. E. Cartier, neveu du bibliographe Alfred Cartier, avec mention manuscrite sur la première garde : « Collationné complet. R. E. Cartier ». Brunet III, 359 ; Cartier, Bibliographie des éditions de De Tournes, 282.

      [Bookseller: Bonnefoi Livres Anciens]
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        Flavii Iosephi Antiqvitatvm ivdaicarum libri XX, adiecta in fine appendicis loco Vita Iosephi per ipsum conscripta, a Sigismundo Gelenio conuersi. De bello Ivdaico libri VII, ex collatione Græcorum codicum per Sig. Gelenium castigati. Contra Apionem libri II, pro corruptissimis antea, iam ex Græco itidem non solum emendati, sed etiam suppleti, opera eiusdem Gelenii. De imperio rationis, siue de Machabæis liber unus, à Des. Erasmo Roterodamo recognitus. Cum Indice accuratissimo.

      Per Hier. Forbenium et Nic. Episcopium, Basilae 1554 - In-folio de (8)-VIII-886-(32) pp., basane brune marbrée, dos lisse orné, pièce de titre en maroquin ocre, filet et frise dorée d'encadrement sur les plats, tranches dorées ciselées (reliure du début du XIXe siècle). Troisième édition de la version latine de Sigismond Ghelen publiée une première fois par Froben à Bâle en 1540 et 1548. Le Livre des Machabées fut revu par Erasme lui-même. Le philologue allemand Sigismond Ghelen (Prague 1477-1554), en latin Gelenius, fut longtemps attaché comme correcteur à l'imprimerie de Froben à Bâle - dans laquelle l'avait fait entrer son ami Erasme, où il donna la plupart des traductions d'ouvrages grecs, latins et hebreux, et en corrigea les épreuves. L'imprimeur Jean Froben avait donné en 1544 l'édition princeps (grecque) de Flavius Josephe. Ghelen publia une première fois en 1540 sa traduction latine des ?uvres de Flavius Josèphe, dont il offrit la dédicace à Jean Fugger, protecteur de la typographie savante à cette époque - reproduite dans l'édition de 1554. Exemplaire réglé à grandes marges. Cachet ex-libris du XIXe siecle, sur le titre, d'une congrégation religieuse. Reliure frottée, quelques travaux de vers. Brunet, Supplément I, 702. [Attributes: Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Bonnefoi Livres Anciens]
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        Metamorphoseon

      Gryphe, Lyon 1554 - P. OVIDII NASONIS.Metamorphoseon.Seb. Gryphium. Lugduni. 1554.Depuo collatis probatissimae fidei exemplaribus quam accuratissime emendati.Petit in-12 ( 130x80 mm ) plein vélin ivoire d'époque, dos à 4 nerfs, petits fleurons à froid dans les caissons, petit fer à froid au centre des plats encadrés de fielts.452 pages.Présence d'un tampon sur la page de titre et de petites mouillures marginales sur les dernières pages.ovidii Vita. Index. Liber I à Liber XV.Alia Ovidii Nationis Vita eius dem'que Opera, in fine.Lettrines ornées. Anciens

      [Bookseller: Librairie FAUGUET]
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        Sepolcro di papa Giulio II

      - Bulino, 1554, datato in lastra in basso al centro. Da un soggetto di Michelangelo Buonarroti. Esemplare nel primo stato di tre, con l’indirizzo dell’editore Antonio Salamanca. Bellissima prova, impressa su carta vergata coeva con filigrana "incudine e martello nel cerchio", rifilata al rame, in ottimo stato di conservazione. L’opera è successivamente inserita nello Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae di Antonio Lafrery. Attribuita al Beatrizet dal Bartsch e altri studiosi, riproduce la tomba di Giulio II, con il celebre Mosè, scolpita da Michelangelo in San Pietro in Vincoli, una delle più famose sculture di tutti i tempi Engraving, 1554, dated in plate lower center. After Michelangelo Buonarroti. Example in the first state of three, with the address of publisher Antonio Salamanca. Beautiful proof, printed on contemporary laid paper with watermark "hammer and anvil in the circle", trimmed to the copperplate, in excellent condition. The work is then inserted into the Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae Antonio Lafrery. Attributed to Beatrizet by Bartsch and other scholars, reproduces the tomb of Julius II, with the famous Moses carved by Michelangelo in St. Pietro in Vincoli, one of the most famous sculptures of all time. Barnes, Michelangelo in Print, pp. 156/159; La Roma del Cinquecento nello Speculum Romanae Magnificentia, p. 120; Huelsen p. 163, 107 a/c. Dimensioni 274x423. Dimensioni [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        Lettera del P. Alessandro Valignano. Visitatore della Compagnia di Giesù nel Giappone e nella Cina.

      (offered with:)PASIO, Francesco (1554-1612). Lettera annua di Giappone scritta nel 1601 e mandata dal P. Francesco Pasio V. provinciale al M.R.P. Claudio Acquaviva Generale della Compagnia di Giesù. Roma, Luigi Zanetti, 1603.(and:)PASIO, Francesco (1554-1612). Copia d'una breve relatione della Christianità di Giappone, del mese di marzo del 1598. insino ad ottob. del medesimo anno, et della morte di Taicosama signore di detto regno. Scritta del P. Franceso Pasio, al M.R.P. Claudio Aquaviva Generale della Compagnia di Giesù. Et dalla portoghese tradotta nella lingua italiana dal P. Gasparo Spitilli, di Campli della Compagnia medesima. Roma, Luigi Zanetti, 1601.Three volumes, 8vo (152x101 mm); modern boards, red edges; 102, (2 blank) pp. + 77, (1), (2 blank) pp. + 109, (1), (2 blank) pp. Jesuits' emblem on the title-pages. Ownership's entry on the title-page of Pasio's Copia, partly trimmed. Some light browning and marginal foxing, all in all nice copies. I. FIRST EDITION. At l. C5r, with a separate title-page, begins the Sopplimento dell'annua del 1600. Nel qual si da raguaglio... infino a febraio del 1601. Scritto al r.p. Claudio Acquaviva... dal p. Valentino Carvaglio. Alessandro Valignani or Valignano was a Jesuit missionary born in Chieti, who played an important role in the introduction of Catholicism to the Far East, and especially to Japan. Valignano joined the Society of Jesus in 1566, and was sent to East Asia in 1573 as Visitor of Missions in the Indies. It was his responsibility to examine and whenever necessary reorganize mission structures and methods throughout India, China and Japan. Valignano formed a basic strategy for Catholic proselytism, which is usually called "adaptationism". He attempted to avoid cultural frictions by making a compromise with local customs that other missionaries viewed as conflicting with Catholic values. His strategy was in contrast to those of mendicant orders including Franciscans and Dominicans, whom Valignano worked hard to block from entering Japan and later lead to the Chinese Rites controversy. Valignano left Macau for Japan in July 1579, leaving behind instructions for Michele Ruggieri, who was to arrive within days. Once Ruggieri started studying Chinese and realized the immensity of the task, he wrote to Valignano, asking him to send Matteo Ricci to Macau as well, to share the work. Ricci joined him in Macau on August 7, 1582. Together, the two were to become the first European scholars of China and the Chinese language. Valignano made the first visit to Japan from 1579 to 1582. In 1581, he wrote Il Cerimoniale per i Missionari del Giappone to set forth guidelines for Jesuits. In the writing, he mapped Jesuit hierarchy to that of Zen Buddhists even though he detested them. He claimed that, in order not to be despised by Japanese, every Jesuit should behave according to the class he belonged to. Such a luxurious life and authoritarian attitudes among Jesuits in Japan were criticized not only by rival mendicant orders but also by some Jesuits. In fact, Valignano remained in a minority within the Jesuits in Japan. On his first arrival in Japan, Valignano was horrified by what he considered to be, at the least, negligent, and at the worst, abusive and non-Christian practices on the part of mission personnel. He immediately began to reform many aspects of the mission. Language study had always been one of the core problems for the mission. By 1595, Valignano could boast in a letter that not only had the Jesuits printed a Japanese grammar and dictionary, but also several books (mostly the lives of saints and martyrs) entirely in Japanese. The need for a natively trained clergy was obvious to Valignano, and so, in 1580, a recently emptied Buddhist monastery in Arima province was converted into a nascent seminary. There, twenty-two young Japanese converts began to the process of instruction towards holy orders. The process was repeated two years later at Azuchi, where the seminarians numbered thirty-three. Valignano's purpose is quite clear. The seminaries were typical Jesuit institutions of humanistic education and theological exploration but their style of living was wholly Japanese. They were carefully designed to blend, as much as possible, Japanese sensibilities with European ideology. As the scale of the mission began to expand rapidly, financial difficulties began to arise. All of the Jesuit institutions: the seminaries, the schools, the printing presses and the missions required money to finance. In 1580, when Father Vilela converted the daimyo Ōmura Sumitada who controlled the port of Nagasaki, the port, which was then merely a small fishing village, was ceded as a gift to the control of the Society, as was the fortress in the harbor. Under Jesuit control, Nagasaki would grow from a town with only one street to an international port rivaling the influence of Goa or Macau. Jesuit ownership of the port of Nagasaki gave the Society a concrete monopoly in taxation over all imported goods coming into Japan. This breach of ecclesiastical practice did not go unnoticed by the heads of other European missions in the area, or by those who make their living via inter-Asiatic trade. Eventually, the Pope was forced to intervene, and, in 1585, the Holy See ordered an immediate cessation of all mercantile activities by the Society. In his last years Alessandro Valignano exercised his position as Visitor by overseeing all of the Jesuit missions in Asia from the major Portuguese port of Macau, but his primary focus was always on the Japanese mission. By 1600, the Jesuit mission there was in decline because of persecution from the Kanpaku Toyotomi Hideyoshi and later, most severely, under the Tokugawas. Valignano died in Macau in January 1606. His legacy is extraordinary. The four Japanese who visited the Pope in 1586 (the first official Japanese embassy to western Europe) were sent by Valignano. He founded the St. Paul's Jesuit college in Macau. He visited Japan three times: in 1579-1581; in 1590-1592; and in 1598-1603. Valignano paved the way for a closer relationship between Asian and European peoples by advocating equal treatment of all human beings. He was a great admirer of the Japanese people and envisioned a future when Japan would be one of the leading Christian countries in the world (cf. J.F. Schutte, Valignano's Mission Principles for Japan, St. Louis, 1980; and U. App, The Birth of Orientalism, Philadelphia, 2010 pp. 18-24, 139-146). II-III. FIRST EDITIONS. Francesco Pasio, a native of Bologna, was a Jesuit missionary who worked in a number of places in East Asia, including Goa (1578), Malacca (1582), Japan (1583), and Macao, where he died in 1612. His superior was father Alessandro Valignano. He was Vice-provincial of the Order in China and Japan from 1600 to 1611. De Backer-Sommervogel, VIII, col. 405; VI, coll. 327-328; H. Cordier, Bibliotheca Japonica, Paris, 1912, pp. 235, 241, and 223; Catalogo unico, IT\ICCU\TO0E\123323; IT\ICCU\UM1E\009778; IT\ICCU\CFIE\015903..

      [Bookseller: Libreria Govi Alberto]
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        L'Histoire Ecclésiastique, translatée de Latin en François, par Messire Claude de Seyssel

      Arnoul l'Angelier 1554 - L'histoire Ec- / clesiastique / translatee de Latin en Francois, par mes- / sire Claude de Seyssel, Euesque / lors de Marseille: & depuis / Archeuesque de / Thurin, 1 vol. in-8 reliure XIXe reprenant les plats d'origine à entrelacs, semis de points et fleurons, dos à ornementation pastiche, toutes tranches dorées, A Paris, Par Arnoul l'Angelier, en la grand' salle du Palais, au second Pillier, 1554, ff. 185 [ 6 ], Signatures : A-Z8 Aa7 Intéressant exemplaire de l'édition l'Angelier de 1554 dans une reliure XIXe reprenant les beaux plats d'origine à ornements d'entrelacs, de semis de points et de fleurons (manques restaurés en page de titre, ex-libris ms. Ant. Serpeille 1844, la notice de l'Universal Short Title Catalogue indique 1 feuillet de plus, une mouill. aux derniers ff. qq. annotations). Langue: Français [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librairie du Cardinal]
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        Epistolae ad Atticum, ad M.Brutum, ad Quintum fratrem

      Venetiis, apud Paulum Manutium, Aldi Filium, 1554, - 8 opere in 5 volumi in-8, editi da Paolo Manuzio, impresa editoriale al titolo e al verso dell'ultimo f., lettere guida, legature uniformi inglesi del XVII secolo in marocchino rosso con duplice cornice concentrica ai piatti con terminazioni vegetali , ricchi fregi e titolo, il tutto impresso in oro (abili restauri alle cerniere). Provenienza: Simons, Meyboom Epistolae ad Atticum, ad M.Brutum, ad Quintum fratrem, title water-stained and lightly browned, short repair to upper margin of final f., [Ahmanson-Murphy 287; Renouard 120:7], Venice, [apud Aldi filios] , 1540; Epistolae Familiares, 2 parts in 1, [Ahmanson-Murphy 344; Renouard 137:10], Venice, [apud Aldi filios], 1546; De Philosophia Volumen Secundum, id est, [Ahmanson-Murphy 354; Renouard 137:11-12], Venice, [apud Aldi filios],1546 bound with Officiorum Libri Tres, [Ahmanson-Murphy 296; Renouard 123:6], apud Aldi filios], 1541, (some creasing) ; De Philosophia, Prima Pars, id est, 2 parts in 1, 207 blank, [Ahmanson-Murphy 354; Renouard 137:11-12], Venice, [apud Aldi filios], 1546; Rhetoricum ad C.Herennium Libri IIII, 2 parts in 1 vol., 2H8 lower corner torn, loss of a couple of letters, some spotting and light browning, [Ahmanson-Murphy 467; Renouard 161:12], Venice, apud Paulum Manutium, Aldi Filium, 1554, [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Pregliasco]
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        TRACTATUS LE MORT SAISIT LE VIF.

      Jacobum Kerver., Paris 1554 - French legal scholar's (1488-1558) treatise on the aspect of Roman law pertaining to inheritance and succession. It was first printed in 1550. 8vo. (64),416pp. Woodcut portrait of the author on title. Orig. limp vellum, somewhat soiled and spine a bit chipped at top. Some text soiling. Front free endpaper lacking. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Kenneth Karmiole, Bookseller, Inc. ABAA]
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        Von kleglichem vnzeitigem Tod Eduardi des Sechsten Königs zu Engelland etc Warhafftiger gründlicher Bericht vnd erzelung der dinge vnd veranderungn so sich in dem löblichen Königreich Engelland Anno Christi 1553 im Monat Julio zugetragen Leipzig Jakob Barwald

      

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        De exemplis Illustrium Virorum Venetae ciuitatis atque aliarum Gentium Venice apud Nicolaum Tridentium

      

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        Historie delle guerre esterne de romani di Appiano Alessandrino. Prima parte. Tradotta da Messer Alessandro Braccio Secretario Fiorentino, e di nuovo impressa, et con somma diligenza da M. Lodovico Dolce corretta. Con nuova tavola aggiunta non più stampata. [Con:] Historie delle guerre civili de romani di Appiano Alessandrino. Seconda parte. Tradotta da Messer Alessandro Braccio Secretario Fiorentino, e di nuovo impressa, et con somma diligenza da M. Lodovico Dolce corretta. Con nuova tavola aggiunta non più stampata.

      1554. Vinegia, Gabriel Giolito De Ferrari e Fratelli, 1554. 2 voll. in 12esimo, pp. (58), 317; (70), 483, front. con piccolo cartiglio in alto e marca tip. (Fenice su fiamme che sprigionano da anfora recante le iniziali G. G. F. L'anfora è sorretta da due satiri con ramoscello in mano. Motto: "De la mia morte eterna vita io vivo. Semper eadem"), diversa marca in fine, leg. in t. perg. con tit. ms. al dorso. L'opera è anche censita con il titolo uniforme di "Historia romana". L'A., Appiano di Alessandria, fu storico ellenico del II sec. d. C. Al primo volume: pergamena fresca, fogli di guardia aggiunti post., integraz. della carta al front. non per mancanze ma per rinforzo date un po' di gualciture, lievissimi aloni alle prime carte e un lievissimo, uniforme brunimento, antiche e precise annot. manoscritte; al secondo volume: pergamena fresca, fogli di guardia aggiunti post., un lievissimo, uniforme brunimento, antiche e precise annot. manoscritte. Una migliore conservazione del secondo vol. contenente la seconda parte ma, nel complesso, conservazione molto buona per entrambi i testi.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Botteghina D'arte G]
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        L'Algèbre ... départie an deus Liures.

      Lyon: Jean de Tournes, 1554. First edition, very rare, of "the first printed book on algebra in French and the richest among vernacular books on algebra" (Cifoletti, 'The algebraic art of discourse,' in Chemla, p. 125). Peletier believed that French was the perfect instrument for the sciences and "wrote L'Algèbre in French in his own orthographic style. He adopted several ingenious ideas from Stifel's Arithmetica integra (1544) and showed himself to have been strongly influenced by Cardano. He was the first mathematician to recognize relations between the coefficients and roots of equations" (DSB). Peletier's innovative mathematical symbolism can be seen as anticipating the introduction of symbolic algebra by François Viète (1540-1603) in his In artem analyticem isagoge (1591) (see below). Peletier's "principal innovation resides in the introduction of as many symbols as there are unknowns in the problem, as well as in the fact that the unknowns in the problem correspond to the unknowns in the equations, in contrast to what was being suggested by, for example, Cardan and Stifel" (Cifoletti, p. 1396). "The introduction of arbitrary representations for the several unknowns in a problem is indeed part of Peletier's central idea of elaborating an "automatic procedure" to tackle the problems under consideration. Instead of having recourse to sophisticated artifices like those used by Diophantus several centuries before the Renaissance, the symbolic representation of several unknowns offered the basis for a clear and efficient method ... Peletier's immense genius led him to see that the key concept of our contemporary school algebra is the equation. For sure, Arab algebraists classified equations before abacists such as Pacioli or della Francesca and humanists like Peletier or Gosselin, but these equations referred to 'cases', distinguished according to the objects related by the equality. For Peletier, the equation belongs to the realm of [abstract] representation" (Radford, The cultural-epistemological conditions of the emergence of algebraic symbolism). Only three copies have appeared at auction in the past fifty years: Macclesfield (18th century calf, "a few headlines shaved"), Honeyman (a reimboitage with new endpapers), and the Norman copy (this copy). The only other copy we know of in commerce was offered by Amélie Sourget in 2014, bound with a later edition of Peletier's L'Arithmétique (1584) (Cat. 5, no. 3, €29,000). Provenance: Bibliothèque de Picpus (stamp on title and at end); Haskell F. Norman (his sale Christie's New York, 18 March 1998, lot 153).   Peletier (1517-82) published L'art poëtique d'Horace, traduit en vers Françios in 1541, the preface of which pleaded for a national language. He also studied Greek, mathematics, and later medicine, always as an autodidact. In the winter of 1547/8 he joined the 'salon' of humanists composed of Jean Martin, Denis Sauvage, Théodore de Bèze and Jean-Paul Dauron (a mathematician of Provençal origin), who discussed mathematics, the primacy of the French language over Latin, and spelling reform. Peletier shared with the Pléiade, a group of seven poets whose leader was Pierre de Ronsard, a desire to create a French literature. He also stated that French was the perfect instrument for the sciences and planned to publish mathematical books in the vernacular.  In 1549 he published at Poitiers his L'Aritmétique, one of the first arithmetics written in French. In the following year his Dialogue de l'orthographe et prononciacion françoese appeared, in which one side (represented by de Bèze) advocates the use of etymological spelling, the other (represented by Dauron) advocates of phonetic spelling. The entire dialogue is written in a new orthography, based upon pronunciation, invented by Peletier which he continued to use in his writings for the rest of his life. In 1554 he moved to Lyon, where he worked as a correcteur in the printing house of Jean de Tournes. De Tournes accepted Peletier's spelling reform and published, under his supervision, Peletier's books on orthographe réformé, beginning with his L'Algèbre, and an updated and expanded version of his arithmetic.   "Stifel's example of explicitly using a symbolic equation was followed in mid-sixteenth-century France by Jacques Peletier and Jean Borrel, both working in a mid-century liberal arts context characterized by an emphasis on rhetoric and the honing of reasoning skills and both focused mathematically on solving systems of linear equations. Peletier, in his Algèbre of 1554, adopted Stifel's notation 1A and 1B for the second and third unknowns, although he used 1R for the first (standing for 'radix') and reverted to using p. and m. for plus and minus. Still, he treated a system of three equations as a single object, identified the equations by number as he worked on them, and explicitly added and subtracted equations (and their multiples) together in order to eliminate two of the unknowns" (Katz & Hunger Parshall, p. 212). Peletier's innovations were the beginnings of modern symbolic algebra created by Viète at the end of the sixteenth century and Descartes at the beginning of the seventeenth: "... by the end of the sixteenth century, the plurality of algebras that had existed earlier in the century had begun not only to take on a whole new look but also to coalesce -- as Peletier had advocated and foreseen -- into a general problem-solving technique, the objective of which was "to solve every problem" ... It was René Descartes (1596-1650), in his text La Géométrie, published in 1637, who truly realized the grand ambitions for algebra that Viète shared with his French predecessors Peletier and Gosselin" (ibid., pp. 245-8). Viète became aware of the Arithmetica of Diophantus through references by Peletier and Peter Ramus (see DSB, under Viète). Inspired by Peletier, Guillaume Gosselin published his De Arte magna at Paris in 1577. Peletier's famous two-leaf manifesto for the French language, 'Jacques Peletier aus Francoes. De Lion ce 28 juillet 1554,' printed in his new characters, is usually found at the beginning of the work but is in this copy bound at the end. Subsequent editions were published by Jean de Tournes at Cologne in 1609 and at Geneva in 1620. The work was translated into Latin and published by Cavellat at Paris in 1560 under the title De occulta parte numerorum. Brunet IV, 471; BM/STC French p. 343; Cartier, De Tournes 284; Macclesfield 216; Norman 1677 (this copy); Smith p. 245 note; Tchemerzine V, 148 (with incorrect collation, omitting the two-leaf apologia 'Jacques Peletier aus Francoes'). Chemla (ed.), History of Science, History of Text, 2006; Cifoletti, 'La question de l'algèbre. Mathématiques et rhétorique des hommes de droit dans la France du 16e siècle,' Annales Histoire, sciences sociales, 50e année, No. 6 (1995), pp. 1385-1416. Katz & Hunger Parshall, Taming the Unknown, 2015. Two parts in one volume, 8vo (152 x 94 mm), pp. [xvi], 229, [13]. Printer's woodcut device on title, some woodcut diagrams in text (without final blank, a few headlines shaved, some minor marginal dampstains). Eighteenth-century French speckled vellum.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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        Aquatilium animalium historiae liber primus Rome Hippolyto Salviano colophon January 1558

      

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        [Complete set of 12 vols. of the Wittenberg edition]. [Werke]. Der Erste (-Zwelffte und letzte) Teil der Bucher D. Mart Luth(er)

      Wittenberg, 1554-1570. Folio. 12 vols. Wittenberg (Peter Seitz, Hans Lufft, Heirs of Georg Rawen, Lorentz Schwenck, and Thomas Klug, 1554-1570 (see below for bibliographic details). Title woodcuts in each volume by Cranach the Younger (Luther and Elector Johann Friedrich of Saxony kneeling at the Crucifix); World Map in vol. 2 is ?Daniel?s Dream Map? (cf. Shirley 65); large woodcuts in vol. 9 are reworkings of Cranach?s ?Papstesel und Monchskalb.? Absolutely fascinating set of the Wittenberg edition of the Works of Martin Luther, bound in strictly contemporary gold-tooled German Renaissance bindings. Ours is a composite set, as commonly owing to the long duration of the vast publishing enterprise, surely the most formidable of its kind in Germany during the 16th-century. The set consists of two distinct binding campaigns and two distinct publishing efforts. Vols. 7-12 were bound in Wittenberg by Matthias Juncker (vol. 7) and Hans Cantzler (vols. 8-12). These volumes belong to the FIRST WITTENBERG EDITION of the 12-volume Luther Werke. Vols. 1-6: All six bindings are dated 1570 and were elaborately bound by an individual who we introduce as ?Meister F.G.? It is quite amazing that this particular workshop has never been described (in print or online), despite considerable effort on our part, and by other historians of the history of binding. The quality of the extremely distinctive tools, the skillful forwarding and finishing, and the accomplished work on the gauffered edges all lead to one inescapable conclusion: this workshop was one of the best in Germany. But who was ?Meister F.G.? and why has this workshop become lost in the mists of time? Vols. 7-12: These six bindings were bound in Wittenberg and were apparently bound in the same year, or in the following year, as the date of publication, thereby allowing us to more accurately date the respective binders? work. Vol. 7: Bound in the workshop of Matthias Juncker the Elder, active ca. 1537 to the late 1550's On the present binding appears his unmistable roll signed ?M.I.? with a Hilfthorn (Haebler I, p. 208, no. 2). Konrad von Rabenau (Deutsche Bucheinbande der Renaissance, no. 38) reproduces a much later binding (dated 1581) which was probably by Severin Roetter using tools that had belonged to Mathias Juncker (rolls, including the present one) and Hans Schreiber (panel stamps). Published here for the first time are two unique panels from the Juncker shop: on the upper cover, a Luther panel (80 x 43 mm) with inscription: ?15 MAR LV 53?. On the lower cover a Melanchthon panel (83 x 43 mm), with inscription ?PH MEL?. Vol. 8-12: Bound in the workshop of Hans Canzler, who became ?Ratsherr? in 1564 and owned one of the largest workshops of his time. He died in 1580. Among the tools found on this series are the panel stamp reproduced by Foot in the Cockx-Indestege Festschrift (pp. 80?81); the Luther and Melanchthon panel stamps reproduced by Schunke in ?Leben und Werke Jakob Krauses? (p. 28 and Tafl. 2); To Hans Cantzler?s oeuvre we may add for the first time (?) a Salvatore panel (83 x 43 mm) dated 1544, and a Crucifixion panel (83 x 42 mm.), both of which appear on Vol. 9. Also for the first time (?) are recorded two two roundels (40 mm diameter), both signed ?H.C.? that appear on vols. 10-11, to wit: MARTINVS LVTHERVS HC (dated 1559) and HC PHILIPPVS MELANCHTHON. CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION: Vol. 1: Wittenberg: Peter Seitz, 1567 = VD16 L3366 Vol. 2: Wittenberg: Hans Lufft, 1557 = VD16 L3332 Vol. 3: Wittenberg: Peter Seitz, 1566 = VD16 L3363 Vol. 4: Wittenberg: Peter Seitz, 1568 = VD16 L3371 Vol. 5: Wittenberg: Georg Rawen Erben, 1556 = VD16 L3329 Vol. 6: Wittenberg: Lorentz Schwenck, 1570 = VD16 L3376 Vol. 7: Wittenberg: Hans Lufft, 1554 = VD16 L3333 Vol. 8: Wittenberg: Hans Lufft, 1556 = VD16 L3328 Vol. 9: Wittenberg: Hans Lufft, 1557 = VD16 L3341 Vol. 10: Wittenberg: Thomas Klug, 1558 = VD16 L3338 Vol. 11: Wittenberg: [s.n.], 1558 = VD16 L3340 Vol. 12: Wittenberg: Hans Lufft, 1559 = VD16 L3344. THE WORK OF ?MEISTER F.G.? Roll (173 x 16 mm) = Salvator / Jesaias / David with Harp, dated 1543 (SIC) / Petrus; Panel Stamp (78 x 31 mm) = David with Harp above Dalila and Samson, ?F.G.? or ?F. [backwards] G.? Above is a circular arch with motto: DIE HARFENHORT MAN CL (i.e. ?DIE HARFEN HORT MAN CLINGEN? or ?Klingen,? a verse by Ludwig Hailmann / Heilman composed in 1517); Panel Stamp (78 x 33 mm) = The Scourge of Christ, dated 1535 at the foot of the column; at the top of the column, ?F.G.? or ?F. [backwards] G? 2 roundels (both 28 mm. diameter) = Jan Hus (IOAN HVS IST VERBRENT WORDEN IM 1415) and Luther (MARTINVS LVTER ANTIPAPA CVRAV) Crucifixion Stamp (53 x 27 mm) = Oiesu Ali Dei; Risen Christ Roundel (49 mm). PROVENANCE: On the title-pages of all 12 volumes appears the 17th-century inscription of Johann Paul Schnabel (largely effaced but legible after some scrutiny). This individual was presumably the same Coberg bibliophile who in 1648 gave 20 Fl. to the local school to buy books for "hard-working boys" (cf. P.C.G. Karche, Jahrbücher der Herzoglich Sächsischen Residenzstadt Coburg von 741-1822, Coberg, 1825, p. 250: "Legirte der Johann Paul Schnabel, weiland Conrect. der hiesigen Stadtschule 20f. zu Bucher fur fleissige Knaben"). Vol. 7: on binding the monogram: A.V.E.Z.G., dated 1554 (the year of publication) Vol. 8: A.V.E.A.S., dated 1556 (year of publication) but the fore-edge gauffered M.H.Z.G. and dated 1557 (sic) Vol. 9: A.V.E.A.S.S. (sic), dated 1557 (year of publication) Vol. 10: A.V.E.A.S., dated 1559 (one year after publication) Vol. 11: A.V.E.A.S., dated 1559 (one year after publication) Vol. 12: A.V.E.A.S. dated 15[5]9 (one year after publication). CONDITION: All 96 cornerpieces are original and present. All 24 clasps are original and present; 23 catches are original, present, and WORK. There are many condition issues, including the leather on vols. 1-2 being somehow corroded, some soiling to title-pages, front endleaves excised, leather significantly scraped with loss on vol. 12, less on other volumes, hinges starting in vols. 1-2. Our set does not contain the Register which appeared five years after our vol. 12 was published. With all faults a highly interesting set of the Wittenberg Luther Bucher, which merits continued investigation by a future owner. Moreover, we have collated the entire set (more than 7000 leaves) and determined that it is ABSOLUTELY COMPLETE. An absorbing collection, suitable for exhibition and research.

      [Bookseller: Michael Laird Rare Books LLC]
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        Anacreontis teii odae.

      Paris, Henri Estienne, 1554. ____ Edition princeps. Magnifiquement imprimée à l'aide des trois fontes des "grecs du roi", elle est "aussi belle que rare" selon Brunet. Le texte grec est suivi de sa traduction latine et des commentaires d'Estienne. "The book is magnificently printed in all three sizes of the "grecs du roi". ... This is the first book published under the imprint of Henri Estienne II." Schreiber 139. Le vélin est un peu rétracté avec au second plat une restauration dans la partie supérieure et une petite lacune dans la partie inférieure. Cachet gratté sur le titre. Petite attaque d'un rongeur sur quelques millimètres dans la marge des 10 derniers feuillets. Bon exemplaire dans l'ensemble, grand de marges. Adams A-1001. Brunet 1, 250. *****. In-4. [200 x 135 mm] Collation : (8), 110 pp., 1 f. blanc. Vélin. (Reliure de l'époque.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Commentarii, in libros sex Pedacii Dioscoridis Anazarbei, de Medica Materia. Adjectis quam plurimis plantarum & animalium imaginibus, eodem authore.

      Venize, Vincenzo Valgrisi, 1554. ____ Première édition illustrée et première édition en latin. Les commentaires de Pier Andrea Mattioli (1500-1577) ont été publiés pour la première fois en italien en 1544 et ont connus de nombreuses éditions par la suite. Illustré par 562 bois gravés dans le texte, principalement de plantes mais aussi d'animaux. Ces gravures de Giorgio Liberale and Wolfgang Meyerpeck ont été utilisées ou copiées dans les éditions suivantes. Texte sur deux colonnes. Traces d'humidité sur les premiers et derniers feuillets. Des restaurations à la reliure. Bel exemplaire. Brunet 3, 1539. Nissen 1305. ***** First illustrated and first latin edition. Illustrated by 562 woodcuts in text. In-folio. [316 x 210 mm] Collation : (48), 707 pp. Veau, dos à nerfs orné. (Reliure du XVIIe.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Le voyage du Roy Henri II au Pays bas de l'empereur, en l'an 1554, brefvement récité par lettres missives que B. de Salignac, escripvit du camp du Roy à Mgr le cardinal de Ferrare.

      Paris, Charles Estienne, 1554. ____ Première édition. C'est le récit de la campagne d'Henri II contre Charles V, en Picardie, Hainaut et Brabant, avec un récit vivant de la bataille de Renty. Provenance : Bibliothèque de E. F. D. Ruggieri avec son ex-libris et son fer doré sur les plats. (il ne figure pas dans le catalogue de sa vente de 1873). E. F. D. Ruggieri a été le dernier d'une longue lignée d'artificiers et avait constitué une immense collection de livres de fêtes, d'entrées royales, de cérémonies... Très bel exemplaire dans une reliure signée "Capé, Masson, Debonnelle, S(uccesseu)rs". Schreiber, The Estienne 135. Adams S-128. Renouard, Estienne 108. *****. In-4. [216 x 158 mm] Collation : (30) ff., [A-F4, G6) Maroquin rouge, dos à nerfs orné, encadrements dorés avec fleurons d'angle sur les plats, supra-libris doré au centre. (Reliure du XIXe, Capé, Masson, Debonnelle.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Anacreontis teii odae.

      Paris, Henri Estienne, 1554. ____ Edition princeps. Magnifiquement imprimée à l'aide des trois fontes des "grecs du roi", "aussi belle que rare" selon Brunet. Le texte grec est suivi de sa traduction latine et des commentaires d'Estienne. Couleur du dos passée. Très bel exemplaire, grand de marges, relié par Derome le jeune (1731-1790), avec son étiquette. Adams A-1001. Brunet 1, 250. ***** Editio princeps. "The book is magnificently printed in all three sizes of the "grecs du roi". ... This is the first book published under the imprint of Henri Estienne II." Schreiber 139. In-4. [205 x 132 mm] Collation : (8), 110 pp., 1 f. blanc. Maroquin vert, dos orné, encadrement dorés sur les plats, tranches dorées. (Reliure du XVIIIe, Derome.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        L'Algèbre ... départie an deus Liures.

      Lyon: Jean de Tournes, 1554. First edition, very rare, of "the first printed book on algebra in French and the richest among vernacular books on algebra" (Cifoletti, 'The algebraic art of discourse,' in Chemla, p. 125). Peletier believed that French was the perfect instrument for the sciences and "wrote L'Algèbre in French in his own orthographic style. He adopted several ingenious ideas from Stifel's Arithmetica integra (1544) and showed himself to have been strongly influenced by Cardano. He was the first mathematician to recognize relations between the coefficients and roots of equations" (DSB). Peletier's innovative mathematical symbolism can be seen as anticipating the introduction of symbolic algebra by François Viète (1540-1603) in his In artem analyticem isagoge (1591) (see below). Peletier's "principal innovation resides in the introduction of as many symbols as there are unknowns in the problem, as well as in the fact that the unknowns in the problem correspond to the unknowns in the equations, in contrast to what was being suggested by, for example, Cardan and Stifel" (Cifoletti, p. 1396). "The introduction of arbitrary representations for the several unknowns in a problem is indeed part of Peletier's central idea of elaborating an "automatic procedure" to tackle the problems under consideration. Instead of having recourse to sophisticated artifices like those used by Diophantus several centuries before the Renaissance, the symbolic representation of several unknowns offered the basis for a clear and efficient method ... Peletier's immense genius led him to see that the key concept of our contemporary school algebra is the equation. For sure, Arab algebraists classified equations before abacists such as Pacioli or della Francesca and humanists like Peletier or Gosselin, but these equations referred to 'cases', distinguished according to the objects related by the equality. For Peletier, the equation belongs to the realm of [abstract] representation" (Radford, The cultural-epistemological conditions of the emergence of algebraic symbolism). Only three copies have appeared at auction in the past fifty years: Macclesfield (18th century calf, "a few headlines shaved"), Honeyman (a reimboitage with new endpapers), and the Norman copy (this copy). The only other copy we know of in commerce was offered by Amélie Sourget in 2014, bound with a later edition of Peletier's L'Arithmétique (1584) (Cat. 5, no. 3, €29,000). Provenance: Bibliothèque de Picpus (stamp on title and at end); Haskell F. Norman (his sale Christie's New York, 18 March 1998, lot 153).   Peletier (1517-82) published L'art poëtique d'Horace, traduit en vers Françios in 1541, the preface of which pleaded for a national language. He also studied Greek, mathematics, and later medicine, always as an autodidact. In the winter of 1547/8 he joined the 'salon' of humanists composed of Jean Martin, Denis Sauvage, Théodore de Bèze and Jean-Paul Dauron (a mathematician of Provençal origin), who discussed mathematics, the primacy of the French language over Latin, and spelling reform. Peletier shared with the Pléiade, a group of seven poets whose leader was Pierre de Ronsard, a desire to create a French literature. He also stated that French was the perfect instrument for the sciences and planned to publish mathematical books in the vernacular.  In 1549 he published at Poitiers his L'Aritmétique, one of the first arithmetics written in French. In the following year his Dialogue de l'orthographe et prononciacion françoese appeared, in which one side (represented by de Bèze) advocates the use of etymological spelling, the other (represented by Dauron) advocates of phonetic spelling. The entire dialogue is written in a new orthography, based upon pronunciation, invented by Peletier which he continued to use in his writings for the rest of his life. In 1554 he moved to Lyon, where he worked as a correcteur in the printing house of Jean de Tournes. De Tournes accepted Peletier's spelling reform and published, under his supervision, Peletier's books on orthographe réformé, beginning with his L'Algèbre, and an updated and expanded version of his arithmetic.   "Stifel's example of explicitly using a symbolic equation was followed in mid-sixteenth-century France by Jacques Peletier and Jean Borrel, both working in a mid-century liberal arts context characterized by an emphasis on rhetoric and the honing of reasoning skills and both focused mathematically on solving systems of linear equations. Peletier, in his Algèbre of 1554, adopted Stifel's notation 1A and 1B for the second and third unknowns, although he used 1R for the first (standing for 'radix') and reverted to using p. and m. for plus and minus. Still, he treated a system of three equations as a single object, identified the equations by number as he worked on them, and explicitly added and subtracted equations (and their multiples) together in order to eliminate two of the unknowns" (Katz & Hunger Parshall, p. 212). Peletier's innovations were the beginnings of modern symbolic algebra created by Viète at the end of the sixteenth century and Descartes at the beginning of the seventeenth: "... by the end of the sixteenth century, the plurality of algebras that had existed earlier in the century had begun not only to take on a whole new look but also to coalesce -- as Peletier had advocated and foreseen -- into a general problem-solving technique, the objective of which was "to solve every problem" ... It was René Descartes (1596-1650), in his text La Géométrie, published in 1637, who truly realized the grand ambitions for algebra that Viète shared with his French predecessors Peletier and Gosselin" (ibid., pp. 245-8). Viète became aware of the Arithmetica of Diophantus through references by Peletier and Peter Ramus (see DSB, under Viète). Inspired by Peletier, Guillaume Gosselin published his De Arte magna at Paris in 1577. Peletier's famous two-leaf manifesto for the French language, 'Jacques Peletier aus Francoes. De Lion ce 28 juillet 1554,' printed in his new characters, is usually found at the beginning of the work but is in this copy bound at the end. Subsequent editions were published by Jean de Tournes at Cologne in 1609 and at Geneva in 1620. The work was translated into Latin and published by Cavellat at Paris in 1560 under the title De occulta parte numerorum. Brunet IV, 471; BM/STC French p. 343; Cartier, De Tournes 284; Macclesfield 216; Norman 1677 (this copy); Smith p. 245 note; Tchemerzine V, 148 (with incorrect collation, omitting the two-leaf apologia 'Jacques Peletier aus Francoes'). Chemla (ed.), History of Science, History of Text, 2006; Cifoletti, 'La question de l'algèbre. Mathématiques et rhétorique des hommes de droit dans la France du 16e siècle,' Annales Histoire, sciences sociales, 50e année, No. 6 (1995), pp. 1385-1416. Katz & Hunger Parshall, Taming the Unknown, 2015. Two parts in one volume, 8vo (152 x 94 mm), pp. [xvi], 229, [13]. Printer's woodcut device on title, some woodcut diagrams in text (without final blank, a few headlines shaved, some minor marginal dampstains). Eighteenth-century French speckled vellum.

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        Jornada de Africa por el Rey Don Sebastian y union del reyno de Portugal a la corona de Castilla. Barcelona, Pedro Lacavalleria, 1630. 4to. Each page framed with thin printed rules. Contemporary gold-tooled leather (blackened and flaking), each board with the helmed and mantled arms of the Mazarin family in the centre.

      - Diaz 5661; Palau 166152; not in Gay. First and only edition of an account of the life, death and succession of King Sebastião I of Portugal (1554-1578), written in Spanish by Sebastian de Mesa. Sebastião became king of Portugal at the age of three, after the death of his grandfather João III. He was under the regency of his grandmother and uncle Henrique, cardinal and later king, until he was declared of age in 1568. Sebastião, educated by the Jesuits, combined religious fanaticism with an unlimited admiration for the military. He thought of himself as a Christian knight, who was going to fight and rescue the "misguided" muslims in Africa from their faith. He was killed in the bloody and disastrous Battle of the Three Kings at Alcazarquivir in the north of Morocco. Many supporters refused to believe had died, and many awaited his return for decades. This resulted in Sebastianism, a messianic religious belief that lasted well into the 19th century. In good condition, the first few leaves with foxing or very slight browning and small, mostly marginal worm holes. The leather on both boards is badly damaged, perhaps by chemicals used to prepare it combined with abrasion. The arms, lying somewhat lower, have survived, that on the front board in fairly good condition.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        LIBRI DE PISCIBUS MARINIS, IN QUIBUS VERAE EFFIGIES EXPRESSAE SUNT.- UNIVERSAE AQUATILIUM HISTORIAE PARS ALTERA, CUM VERIS IPSORUM IMAGINIBUS

      APUD MATTHIAM BONHOMME, LUGDUNI 1554 - LIBRI DE PISCIBUS MARINIS, IN QUIBUS VERAE EFFIGIES EXPRESSAE SUNT.- UNIVERSAE AQUATILIUM HISTORIAE PARS ALTERA, CUM VERIS IPSORUM IMAGINIBUS. RONDELET, GUILLAUME (1507-1566). LUGDUNI, APUD MATTHIAM BONHOMME, 1554-1555. 2 PARTI IN UN VOLUME IN- FOLIO, RILEGATO RECENTEMENTE IN PERGAMENA COEVA. (XVI), 583, (25) PP.; (XII), 242, (10) PP. RITRATTO DELL' AUTORE INCISO IN LEGNO DA PIERRE VASE (RIPETUTO) E 422 SPLENDIDE ILLUSTRAZIONI SILOGRAFICHE DI PESCI ED ALTRI ANIMALI MARINI AD OPERA DI GEORGES REVERDY. BELL' ESEMPLARE DI QUESTA MAGNIFICA OPERA, COMPRENDENTE LA PARS ALTERA CHE RARAMENTE SI TROVA UNITA. EDIZIONE ORIGINALE DI QUESTA CELEBRE PUBBLICAZIONE CHE GETTÒ LE BASI DELL' ITTIOLOGIA SCIENTIFICA, ALLA QUALE ATTINSERO AUTORI SUCCESSIVI, COME IL WILLOOUGHBY, IL RAY, L' ARTEDI E LINNAEUS. GUILLAUME RONDELET FU UN FAMOSO NATURALISTA FRANCESE, MEDICO E RETTORE DELL' UNIVERITÀ DI MONTPELLIER. COME ARCHIATRA DEL CARDINALE FRANÇOIS DE TOURNON, EGLI INTRAPRESE DIVERSI VIAGGI NEL MEDITERRANEO E NELLE COSTE DELL' ATLANTICO, OVE POTÉ EFFETTUARE IMPORTANTI OSSERVAZIONI PER LA SUA OPERA ITTIOLOGICA, CHE FECE ILLUSTRARE CON FINISSIME SILOGRAFIE. LE SUE DESCRIZIONI SONO MOLTO ESATTE E SI RIFERISCONO A CIRCA 300 PESCI, OLTRE ALCUNI CETACEI, MOLLUSCHI, CROSTACEI E VERMI. "ALTHOUGH HE WAS ACTIVE IN SEVERAL BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY, RONDELET'S REPUTATION EFFECTIVELY DEPENDS ON HIS MASSIVE COMPENDIUM ON AQUATIC LIFE, WHICH COVERED FOR MORE SPECIES THAN ANY EARLIER WORK IN THAT FIELD. DESPITE ITS THEORETICAL LIMITATION, IT LAID THE FOUNDATIONS FOR LATER ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH AND WAS THE STANDARD REFERENCE WORK FOR EVER A CENTURY. RONDELET'S GREAT WORK COVERS THE WHOLE OF FRESHWATER AS WELL AS MARINE ZOOLOGY, AND IT IS NOT RESTRICTED TO FISH. ALL AQUATIC ANIMALS ARE INCLUDED: MARINE MAMMALS, ARTHROPODS, AND MOLLUSKS, RIVERINE AMPHIBIANS, AND EVEN BEAVERS. THE FIRST FOUR BOOKS ARE DEVOTED TO GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS: HOW FISH CAN BE DISTINGUISHED BY THEIR WAYS OF LIFE, PARTS, ACTIONS, MANNERS AND COMPLECTIONS; THEY CONTITUTE, IN EFFECT, A TREATISE ON COMPARATIVE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. THE REST OF THE WORK IS AN ENCICLOPEDIA OF OVER 300 AQUATIC ANIMALS, ALMOST ALL OF WHICH ARE ILLUSTRATED. EACH SECTION OPENS WHITH THE SUBJECT'S NAMES IN SEVERAL LANGUAGES, INCLUDING LOCAL VARIANTS, AND THEN OUTLINES ITS WAY OF LIFE, FEEDING HABITS, AND CHARACTERISTIC ANATOMICAL FEATURES, BOTH EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL (GASTRONOMIC NOTES ARE SOMETIMES ADDED)." (A.G. KELLER IN DICTIONARY OF SCIENTIFIC BIOGRAPHY, XI, PP. 527-28). HIRSCH, BIOGRAPHISCHES LEXIKON DER HERVORRAGENDEN AERZTE, IV, P. 871. BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL HISTORY), CATALOGUE OF THE LIBRARY, IV, P. 1727. GARRISON & MORTON, MEDICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY, 282. WOOD, LITERATURE OF VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY, P. 541. NISSEN, DIE ZOOLOGISCHE BUCHILLUSTRATION, I, 3474. DEAN, BIBLIOGRAPHY OF FISHES, III, P. 309. BRUN, LE LIVRE FRANÇAIS ILLUSTRÉ DE LA RENAISSANCE, P. 284. BAUDRIER, BIBLIOGRAPHIE LYONAISE, X, PP. 239-40. NISSEN, SCHONE FICHBUCHER, P. 83. MIAL, THE EARLY NATURALIST, PP. 45-47. COLE, HISTORY OF COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, P. 62. CARUS, HISTOIRE DE LA ZOOLOGIE, PP. 285-91. PETIT & THÉODORIDÈS, HISTOIRE DE LA ZOOLOGIE DES ORIGINES À LINNÉ, P. 271-74. OPPENHEIMER, GUILLAUME RONDELET (IN BULL. INST. HIST. MED., IV, 1936, PP. 817-34. IL PIU' IMPORTANTE ANTICO TRATTATO SUI PESCI. www.libreriabrighenti.it [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Brighenti]
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