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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1535

        C. PLINII SECUNDI HISTORIA MUNDI

      Basel, per Hieronymum Frobenium, Io. Hervagium, & Nicolaum Episcopium, 1535.denuo emendata, non paucis locis ex diligenti ad pervetusta et optimae fidei exemplaria collatione nunc primu[m] animadversis castigatisq[ue], quemadmodum evidenter in Sigismundi Gelenij annotationibus operi adnexis apparet. Adiunctus est Index copiosissimus. Printer's names from colophon on page 671, Latin text, 1535, folio, approximately 370 x 245 mm, 14½ x 9¾ inches, printer's pictorial device on title page, on verso page 671 and on verso of final leaf, with 37 large historiated initials and small decorated initials in the Table, pages: (36), 671, (181), 51 of these unnumbered pages contain Gelenius' annotations, followed by 130 pages of index, bound in full contemporary blind tooled pig - skin over wooden boards, with 2 brass clasps in working order, raised bands to spine with blind tooling in compartments, no lettering. Covers soiled and stained, 110 mm (4½ inch) cut to leather on upper cover, small loss of leather to lower corner on upper board, the other corners slightly worn, 4 wormholes to lower cover, 1 to upper cover, red stain filling lowest compartment of spine, upper hinge cracked at top 25 mm (1 inch), tiny crack to lower hinge at top, "Plinius" inked neatly across fore - edges, large handcoloured old armorial bookplate to front pastedown, with most of name and part of motto erased, inscription below bookplate erased and messy stain above it, old ink inscription erased in upper margin of title page, 4 small old paper repairs to reverse of title page, 3 at inner edge and 1 in blank area needed because of slight damage caused by horizontal crease which is repeated on A2, single small wormhole in inner margin from title to page 71, another to fore - edge of last 7 leaves of index, 2 very small closed margin edge tears, tiny closed tear to upper edge of 6 consecutive pages, a few brief early marginal notes, a little neat underlining, 1 pointing hand, contents otherwise very clean and bright. Pasted onto rear pastedown is a large sheet of paper with a drawing of a labyrinth on it in old ink and a reference in Latin mentioning the story of Theseus and Ariadne. Binding tight and sound. A good sound copy of this classic encyclopedic work. This is the first printing of the Naturalis Historia with annotations by the Bohemian humanist Gelenius. The text is preceded by a preface by Erasmus of Rotterdam, reprinted from his edition of 1525. Gaius Plinius Secundus, known as Pliny the Elder, was born in Como, Italy, in A.D. 23. By the time he died 56 years later, he had been a cavalry officer, an adviser to emperors and the author of at least 75 books, not to mention another 160 volumes of unpublished notebooks. He is remembered today for just one of those works, his 37 - volume Naturalis Historia (also entitled Historia Mundi), in which he planned to "set forth in detail all the contents of the entire world." Pliny describes in detail the nature of the physical universe: geography, anthropology, zoology, botany, and the medicinal uses of plants and curatives derived from the animals, among a host of other topics including mathematics, astronomy, agriculture, history and the arts and letters. Although dubious as a work of science, Pliny's Historia Naturalis provides a unique glimpse into the world view of ancient Rome. It is a wonderful melange of the real and the fantastic, the never was and the never could be. He wrote of dog - headed people who communicated by barking, and people with no heads at all, their eyes in their shoulders. He wrote of snakes that launch themselves skyward to catch high - flying birds, and of the "basilisk serpent" of Africa, which kills bushes on contact, bursts rocks with its breath and is so venomous that when one was killed by a man on horseback, "the infection rising through the spear killed not only the rider but also the horse." The work became a model for all later encyclopedias in terms of the breadth of subject matter examined, the need to reference original authors, and a comprehensive index list of the contents. The work was dedicated to the emperor Titus, son of Pliny's close friend, the emperor Vespasian, in the first year of Titus' reign. It is the only work by Pliny to have survived, and the last that he published, lacking a final revision at his sudden and unexpected death. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE. FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton P.B.F.A.]
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        Brief m. eigh. U.

      Hann. Münden, 21. Oktober 1535.. Deutsche Handschrift auf Papier, c. 42,5 x 33,5 cm. Etwas angeschmutzt, wasserfleckig, Eckfehlstelle (c. 10,5 x 5 cm, kein Textverlust).. An Franz von Waldeck (1491-1553), Bischof von Minden, Osnabrück und Münster bezüglich Überfälle, die sich im Amt Delmenhorst ereignet hatten.- Erich I. war der Begründer der Calenberger Linie des Hauses Braunschweig-Lüneburg.

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat manuscryptum - Dr. In]
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        Biblia the Bible, that is, the holy Scripture of the Olde and New Testament, faithfully and truly translated out of Douche and Latyn in to Englishe

      Cologne: E. Cervicornus and J. Soter, 1535. Cologne: E. Cervicornus and J. Soter, 1535. First Edition. Single leaves. Good. First Edition. Single leaves. Single leaf, 295 ×190 mm (260 × 155 mm); Jeremiah, chs. 14 & 15, and parts of chs 13 & 16; black letter, double column, 57 lines; edges frayed, just touching headline; small holes in margin; browned.offered with:THE BIBLE [MORGAN, William. Y Beibl Cyssegr-lan. Sef yr Hen Destament a';r Newydd. London, Deputies of Christopher Barker, 1588.Single leaf, 295 × 190 mm (250 × 135 mm); parts of 2 Macchabees chs. 7 & 8; black letter, double column, 61 lines; edges frayed. First editions.Myles Coverdale's (c. 1488-1569) Bible, printed in 1535, was the first full Bible in English. His was a reforming mission, an inheritor of the mantel of William Tyndale (c. 1494-1536), who had produced his New Testament in 1526. Coverdale, being ignorant of Greek and Hebrew, relied on a number of earlier Bible editions in Latin, but also versions in English and German (‘Douche';). Tyndale';s efforts at translation ran into thorny theological (and political) issues that ended in his being burnt at the stake a year after Coverdale';s translation appeared. Nevertheless Coverdale';s version was widely influential, and with Tyndale';s version was a key influence on the Great Bible that appeared in 1540 and was issued to over 9000 parishes.William Morgan (1545-1604) unlike Coverdale studied the Bible in the original languages for seven years, being proficient not only in Greek and Hebrew, but Syriac as well. His was the first full Bible in Welsh, just as Coverdale';s was in English. As far back as 1567, while he was still studying at Cambridge) Morgan had his translation of the New Testament published by William Salesbury (c. 1520-c. 1584) Having been ordained a clergyman in the Church of England by the Bishop of Ely, in 1578 Morgan moved to the parish of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant where in the early 1580s he began the serious work of producing a Welsh Old Testament, a project that he considered to be of great theological importance. This finally appeared with a revision of Salesbury';s New Testament in London in 1588.Coverdale: Herbert 18; STC 2063. Morgan: Darlow & Moule 9581; STC 2347.

      [Bookseller: Abel Rare Books Ltd.]
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        Gmunden

      . Gmunden. Altkolorierter Kupferstich nach Lukas von Valckenborch (Löwen vor 1535-1597 Frankfurt), dat. 1594; aus Braun und Hogenberg "Civitates Orbis Terrarum" Bd.5, Köln 1598, 35 x 47 cm - wir garantieren für die Echtheit. Nebehay-W. 108, 5.Bd. 53.- gerahmt

      [Bookseller: Kunsthandlung Johannes Müller]
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        Im fürstnthumb Obern und Nidern Bayrn Anno 1520 aufgericht.

      (München, Schobser, ca. 1535).. 28 x 21 cm. 16 Bl., 87 num. Bl. Mit großem Titelholzschnitt. HLdr. d. 18. Jahrh. mit 2 Rsch.. VD 16 B 990; Schottenloher, Schobser 171 und Tafel XXI; Fairfax Murray 51. Vgl. Maillinger 265,1. - Zweite Ausgabe der prozessrechtlichen Ergänzung der "Reformacion" von 1518. Dieses erste gemeinsame Gesetzbuch für Ober- und Niederbayern erschien zuerst 1520. Nach VD 16 nur kenntlich am "Beschluss" (num. Bl. 87): "zu München (Erstdruck München) an sanndt (sannd) Jörgen tag". - Der schöne Titelholzschnitt von Caspar Clofigl zeigt die Bayernherzöge Wilhelm und Ludwig mit "persons of all grades, from the peasant upwards" (Murray) in einer Ratsstube an einem Tisch mit dem Buch. - Einband berieben und beschabt. Mit kleinen Wurmspuren im weißen Rand, gering fingerfleckig, ohne die fliegenden Vorsätze, die Vorsätze mit entfernten Schildern.

      [Bookseller: Peter Bierl Buch- & Kunstantiquariat]
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        Observationes Nonnullarum in Iure Decisionum, Causidicis...

      1535. Balbi, Goffredo Lanfranco [16th. C.]. Observationes Nonnullarum in Iure Decisionum, Causidicis ac Iuristudiosis Magno Usui Futurae. Hoc Aureum Iam Opusculum ex Integro Renascitur, Decisionum Centurias Quinque cum Sextae Fragmento Continens. Lyons: Iacobus Giunta, 1535. 183, [14] pp. Octavo (6-1/4" x 4-1/4"). Later quarter morocco over cloth, raised bands and gilt title to spine, endpapers renewed. Light rubbing with negligible wear to corners, a few tiny faint stains to boards. Large woodcut Giunta device to title page, woodcut decorated initials. Faint dampstaining to margins and annotations and underlining in early hand to a few leaves. A handsome copy. * First edition. This volume collects 500 rulings by the noted jurist with additional commentary. Each entry notes comparable rulings by other leading jurists. Later editions appeared in 1538, 1540, 1545, 1546 and 1588. OCLC locates 3 copies of the first edition, 5 of other editions. Editions located in the U.S. at Harvard Law School (1535, 1540, 1588), Library of Congress (1546) and UC-Berkeley (1545). Adams, Catalogue of Books Printed on the Continent of Europe, 1501-1600 C72..

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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        Dialogus, das ist, ain lustigs vnd nutzbarlichs Gesprechbüchlein von dem Concilio, Zwischen zwayen strittigen partheyen. Wirt daneben eingefürt die Person ains Christen, der trewlich wider die strittigen zu dem Concilio radt.

      [Augsburg, Philipp Ulhart, um 1535].. 16 Bl. (das letzte weiß). 4° (20 x 14,5 cm). Pergament um 1900 mit handschriftlichem Rückentitel.. Einer von zwei Drucken (der andere ebenfalls anonym in Nürnberg erschienen). - Gespräch zwischen Bebelus ("Lutherist"), Disidemon ("Papist") und Christophilus ("Orthodoxus") um zu verdeutlichen, "das die Christenhait ains Christlichen baldkünfftige(n) Concilij zum vordersten bedürffe". Die Verfasserzuweisung nach Richter, der Witzels eigenen "Catalogus" auswertete (im SWB übernommen, im VD 16 nicht berücksichtigt). - Georg Witzel (1501-1573) kann durch seine Biographie zwischen Reformation und Katholizismus und seine reiche literarische Produktion als "eine der interessantesten Persönlichkeiten des Reformationszeitalters" (Franz Falk) gelten. - Leicht gebräunt, stellenweise etwas fleckig, anfangs im oberen und unteren Bund etwas wasserrandig. Titel mit handschriftlicher Bleistiftsignatur oben und kleinem Blattweiserausriß im oberen seitlichen Rand. *VD 16 D 1317. Richter, Die Schriften Georg Witzels, 21, 1. Knaake III, 296. Kuczynski 582. Pegg 603.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Christian Strobel]
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        Norbegia et Gottia.

      Lyon., Melchior & Gaspar Treschel. 1535. Folio. Arkets størrelse : 53 cm X 39 cm. Folio. Size of sheet : 53 cm X 39 cm.. Ginsberg I, 6. Uten tekst på baksiden. Verso without text. "The 1535 and 1541 issues are known as Servetus editions after their editor, Michael Servetus, etc." Small creases to the fold, otherwise a nice copy

      [Bookseller: Damms Antikvariat]
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        Chronica, Beschreibung u. gemeyne anzeyge v. aller Wellt herkommen, Fürnamen, Lannden Ausz den glaubwirdigsten Historie on all Glose u. Zusatz. Nach Historischer Warheit beschriben.

      'Franckenfort am Meyn' 1535 bei 'Christian Egenolffen im Augstmon' in folio (30 x 21 cm).. Einspalt. Druck (Index: 2-spalt.) mit über 75 - teils auch größeren - Textholzschn. u. über 200 reizenden Medaillon-Porträts mit faszin. individuell geprägten Gesichtsausdrücken bei beglückend abwechs. reicher Typographie, Buchschmuck - überwieg., wenn nicht sogar ganz - von H. S. Beham. Einschl. Titel: (6), 137 (recte: 139) ff (das letzte Bl -weiß- fehlt) u. dazu die beiden ersten Bl (Titel u. Vorrede) in Kopie (nicht optimal) miteingebunden, vereinz. fleckig, großartig brillanter Druck auf kräftigem Papier, insbes. Holzschn.-Schmuck v. best. Erhaltung, mod. Hbldbd mit Lederecken auf 4 unecht. Bünden, blindgepr. Rtit., Deckel m. Atelier-Ln bespannt, alles sehr dekorativ.- Hochinteress. Frkf. Egenolff-Chronik (der Drucker hat auf jeden Fall die v. anderen 'entlehnten' Texte zu seinem opus zusammengest.), es wird kein autor genannt, des Druckers Widm. vom 6.9.1535 geht an 'Jedermann'. Wenn Sebastian Franck nicht in toto der Verfasser sein sollte, dann ist er es auf jeden Fall für große Partien: Im Text beruft man sich auf Sebastian Franck, Caspar Hedio, Bilibald Birckheymer oder auf die Carion-Chronik. Ungemein viel Material bezieht sich auf Mohamed u. die Türkengefahr (höchstwahrscheinl. aus Francks Türken-Chronik), die Entdeckungsreisen (Columbus Bl 105, Alb. Vespucci Bl 107), die Geschichte der Ketzer, die Wiedertäufer in Münster und Luther (111, 122 ff), die Bauernkriege (116 ff), Erasmus von Rotterd. (f 109) u. die Erfindung des Buchdrucks in Mainz 1440 und die Gründung der Mainzer Uni 1482 (102/103 ff). - Extrem selten: Kaczerowsky aaO macht 5 Expl ausfindig, davon bereits 3 incomplet bzw defekt u. bei Vd 16 steht bei 4 zit. Bibliotheken wohl de facto nur ein Epl zur Verfügung!.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Remigius]
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        Omnium gentium mores, leges & ritus.

      Lyon, M. & G. Trechsel für S.Vincent Erben, 1535.. 303 S., 12 Bll. Mod. HLdr. (etw. wasserrandig, gering fl. u. tlw. alte Anm. u. Unterstr.).. Adams B 2260; Jöcher I,171 - Johannes Böhm (um 1485 in Aub - ca. 1533/35 wahrsch. Rothenburg ob d.Tauber) gilt als "Vater d. wissenschaftlichen Volkskunde" (NDB II,403). Das obige viel aufgelegte Werk d. humanist. Ethographen beschreibt in 3 Teilen Afrika, Asien u. Europa. Böhm war Vorbild f. Seb. Franck u. Seb. Münster. Er war Priester an der Deutschordenskommende in Ulm u. ab 1522 in Karpfenburg.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Seidel & Richter]
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        'Tav. Nova Hispa- Niae.':.

      . Holzschnitt v. Claudius Ptolemaeus aus Clavdii Ptolemaei Alexandrini Geographicae Enarrationis Libri Octo. ... b. Melchior & Gaspar Trechsel in Lyon, 1535, 30,1 x 42,7 (32,1 x 42,7) (Bilder zum Artikel auf meiner Homepage, oder bei Anfrage - pictures on my homepage or after request). Hernando, El mapa de Espana. Siglos XV-XVIII, S. 92 ff. u. Abb. S. 96; The A.E. Nordenskiöld Collection in the Helsinki University Library. Vol. 2, S. 165 ff., 209, Nr. 8. - Zeigt die Iberische Halbinsel (Iberian Peninsula) mit Spanien (Espana), den Balearen u. Porgutal sowie die nordwestliche Spitze von Marokko. - Über der Karte Girlande mit Kartentitel ('Tav. Nova Hispa- Niae.'); unten links im Kartenrand Meilenzeiger. - Frühe moderne Karte der Iberischen Halbinsel von Ptolemaeus aus der bei Melchior und Gaspar Trechsel in Lyon gedruckten Ausgabe; die Karte ohne Rückentext.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        'Tabvla - X - Evropae (Rückseite / backside)'.

      . Holzschnitt n. Claudius Ptolemaeus aus Clavdii Ptolemaei Alexandrini Geographicae Enarrationis, ... b. Gaspar Trechsel in Vienne (Isere), 1535, 33,5 x 45,5 (Bilder zum Artikel auf meiner Homepage, oder bei Anfrage - pictures on my homepage or after request). Zacharakis, A Catalogue of printed Maps of Greece 1477-1800, (3. edition) S. 250, Nr. 2793/1826. - Zeigt Griechenland mit Kreta. - Rückseitiger Text. - Einige Stellen perfekt restauriert.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        Pindari poetae vetutissimi, Lyricorum facile principis, Olympia Pythia Nemea Isthmia Per Ioan. Lonicerum latinitate donata: adhibitis enarrationibus, e Graecis Scholijs, & doctissimis utriusque linguae autoribus desumptis: quarum suffragio Poeta, a paucis hactenus intellectus, nunc planior illustrior redditur.

      Basel, A. Cratander 1535.. 4°. (6) Bll., 458 Ss., (9) Bll. Mit wiederholter Holzschnitt-Druckermarke auf Titel und letzten Bl. verso. Blindgepr. Kalbsleder d. Zt. (Rücken erneuert, 2 Ecken restauriert), zwei neue Bindebänder. Zweite lateinische Ausgabe Pindars (nach 1528), die erste mit Kommentar. Frühe Werkausgaben Pindars sind selten: Auf drei griechische (Aldus 1513, Kallierges 1515 und Cratander 1526) folgen die ersten lateinischen. Von Pindar (522 oder 518 - ca. 440 v. Chr.), aus der Nähe von Theben gebürtig, ist nur ein geringer Teil seines Werkes überliefert; im Wesentlichen handelt es sich dabei um Preislieder auf Sieger von Wettkämpfen in Olympia, Delphi, am Isthmos und in Nemea. In Auftrag gegeben wurden sie von Aristokraten der gesamten griechischsprachigen Welt, Sizilien eingeschlossen. In der Literatur Roms (Horaz) fand er ebenso seine Bewunderer wie in England (Milton), Frankreich (Boileau) und Deutschland, hier v.a. bei den Romanikern (A.v. Platen); zu dieser Zeit entstanden auch wichtige Übersetzungen ins Deutsche (Humboldt, Hölderlin). Johannes Lonicer (um 1497 - 1569) trat - wie Luther - früh dem Augustinerorden bei, studierte in Erfurt und Wittenberg und geriet, je mehr er sich von Luthers Lehre beeinflussen ließ, umso stärker in Konflikt mit der offiziellen Kirche. Nach Stationen in Esslingen, Freiburg und Straßburg, wo er für verschiedene Verlagshäuser als Korrektor arbeitete, erhielt er einen Lehrstuhl in Marburg, zunächst für Griechisch, dann auch in Theologie. Die Einbandprägung ist auf beiden Seiten gleich angelegt: in einem rautenförmiges Feldernetz finden sich verschiedene Einzelstempel: Blattwerk (Fächerblatt mit Bund), sich auf einen Stab stützender Wanderer und Lilie; die seitlichen Halbfelder am Rand sind mit einem quadratisch umrandeten Käfer-Stempel besetzt. V.a. der Wanderer- und der Käferstempel sind in der Literatur kaum zu finden. Der Einband könnte rheinisch-niederrheinischer Herkunft sein. Spiegel und Vorsätze aus Pergament. Titel mit größerem seitlichen Ausschnitt (recto geringe, verso minimale Textbetroffenheit), dieser hinterlegt, Rand- und Falzverstärkungen, ein Wurmloch ebenfalls hinterlegt. Außerdem mehrere handschr. Einträge auf Titel; zwei davon beziehen sich auf kirchliche Zensur: einmal darauf, dass der Autor verurteilt, ihm jedoch Rechtfertigung widerfahren sei, zum zweiten wird ein Pater Paulus Keuth genannt, der das Buch entsprechend dem Index der verbotenen Bücher korrigiert habe (man sieht, mit welcher Skepsis auch eine eigentlich unverdächtige Arbeit des Lutheranhängers Johannes Lonicer, von dem eine Reihe von Streitschriften auf dem Index landeten, in katholischen Leserkreisen betrachtet wurde). In einem dritten Eintrag (aus dem 17. Jahrhundert) wird der Konvent des Kölner Birgittenkloster als Besitzer genannt. Im Titel ist der Name des Übersetzers dünn unterstrichen und die Worte "& illustrior" wurden ausgestrichen. Vorderes Gelenk angerissen, letztes Blatt im Falz verstärkt. Beide Spiegel mit alten Bibliotheksvermerken. Durchgehend leicht gebräunt, verschiedentlich etwas wasserrandig; Rubrizierungen in Rot und Blau. S. 261 mit zwei ausgestrichenen Zeilen (von der Hand des im Titel genannten "Korrektors"?). VD 16 P 2798; Hoffmann III, 104; Schweiger I, 238; Hieronymus / GG 210; Adams P 1234; BMSTC (German Books) 697..

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Büchel-Baur]
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        Margarita philosophica. Liber X De anima et potentia eiusdem. Liber XI De natura origine ac immortalitate animae intellectivae

      (Basel, Petri für Conrad Reisch), 1535.. 20,5 x 15cm, neuer Pergamentband unter Verwendung einer alten Handschrift, Rückenschild, Titel des Gesamtwerkes als unauffällige Photokopie eingebunden, S. 834-1002, mehrere teils ganzseitige Holzschnitte, wenige Anmerkungen alter Hand, sehr guter Zustand. die Bücher X und XI ausgebunden aus der Margarita philosophica von 1535. Die ganzseitigen Holzschnitte mit Abb. des Auges, des Kopfes mit den Sinnesorganen in Verbindung zum Gehirn, des Stammbaums der Wissenschaften und der Hölle. Die "Margarita philosophica" ist die erste philosophische Enzyklopädie im deutschen Sprachraum, erschien erstmals 1503 in Freiburg (wo Reisch als Kartäusermönch lebte) und bis 1599 sind 12 Auflagen nachweisbar. Im 16. Jahrhundert war sie das maßgebliche Lehrbuch an den Universitäten. In 12 Büchern wird das aristotelisch-scholastische Wissenschaftssystem dargestellt, allerdings mit starkem Gewicht der zeitgenössischen Realwissenschaft (s. a. NDB Bd. 21, 2003). Die Holzschnitte werden Martin Obermüller bzw. Michael Wolgemut zugeschrieben. Diese Ausgabe von 1535 erschien posthum und ist die erste mit durchgehender Paginierung

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Am Osning]
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        'Tabvla .IIII. Asiae - Cyprus insula. Syria. Phoenicea. Iudea Palestina. Arabia Petrea. Arabia deserta. Mesopotania. Babylonia.':.

      . Holzschnitt n. Claudius Ptolemaeus aus Claudius Ptolemaeus, Geographia b. Melchior & Gaspar Trechsel in Lyon herausgegeben von Michel de Villeneuve, 1535, 32,3 x 45,3 (Bilder zum Artikel auf meiner Homepage, oder bei Anfrage - pictures on my homepage or after request). Navari, Map of Cyprus, Nr. 3f (this edition not in Navari). - Zeigt den Nahen Osten (Kleinasien) mit Zypern, Syrien, der südöstlichen Türkei, Libanon, Israel / Palästina, Jordanien, Irak u. das nordwestliche Saudi-Arabien.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Norbert Haas]
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        Errettung der beschüldigten Kelchdyeb von newen Bugenhagischen galgen.

      (Leipzig, Melchior Lotter, 1535).. (190) SS. (ohne das l. w. Bl.). Schöne architektonische Holzschnittbordüre; einige figurale Holzschnittinitialen. Schwarzer Pappband um 1830. 4to.. Erste Ausgabe; eine Entgegnung auf Bugenhagens "Wider die Kelchdiebe" (1532), im protestantisch-katholischen Streit um die Darreichung des Laienkelches. Die Vorrede ist datiert Halle, den 10. November 1532; jedoch wurde die Schrift erst drei Jahre später in Druck gegeben. - Der Biberacher Dominikaner Vehe (um 1490-1539) wurde 1513 in Heidelberg zum Doktor der Theologie promoviert; zwei Jahre später wurde er Prior des dortigen Dominikanerkonvents. 1530 zum Propst des Stiftes "Ad velum aureum" zu Halle ernannt, verteidigte er als Inquisitor die katholische Lehre in mehreren wichtigen Streitschriften, die Ignatius Smith als "the best apologetical treatises that appeared in Germany during the sixteenth century" bezeichnet (in: Catholic Encylopaedia, Bd. 15, s. v.) und zu denen die vorliegende Schrift gezählt wird. Veesenmeyer lobt, sie seien "in einem so guten Deutsch und, was nicht minder löblich ist, in einem so glimpflichen Ausdruck abgefaßt, wie man ihn nur selten, besonders in polemischen Schriften der damaligen Zeit, findet" (zit. n. Wetzer/W. 12, 646). - Durchgehend mit hübschen, zeitgenöss. Marginalien; am Titel zeitgenöss. Notiz von anderer Hand: "Daß ist, Defendirung des Satzung der catholisch Kirch, Krafft welcher der Laien der Kelch nicht gereicht wird" und eigenh. Besitzvermerk des amerikanischen Theologen und Schulmanns Howard Osgood (1831-1911) sowie seinem Schenkungsvermerk "From W. T. Wardnell [?] 1867" am vorderen Innendeckel. Am Titel ferner Blindstempel der "Rochester Theol. Seminary Library - Rockefeller Fund" (ausgeschieden). - Einband etwas berieben, sonst sauberes, breitrandiges Exemplar. Recht selten: lt. OCLC nur 2 Exemplare in Amerika; seit 1950 nur ein Exemplar auf deutschen Auktionen nachweisbar. - VD 16, V 485. BM-STC German 886. ADB 39, 529. Goedeke II, 237. OCLC 29150405. Nicht bei Adams. Nicht bei Pegg oder Kuczynski.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris, Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Malleus Maleficarum Maleficas et earum haeresim ut phramea potentissima conterens

      Paris/Jehan Petit, 1535.. Ledereinband. Latin title: "Malleus Maleficarum Maleficas et earum haeresim ut phramea potentissima conterens", English title: "The Hammer of Witches which destroyeth witches and their heresy as with a two-edged sword", binder annotated 'Malleus Maleficarum 1535', title page with woodcut printers mark of Jehan Petit, Paris, 16th century,. Condition: Well worn, browning, some notations including page numbers, some worm holes particularly to back fly. Extremely rare edition of the highly sought after Malleus Maleficarum. Currently the only edition from the 16th century for sale. Do not miss this opportunity to own one of the most sought after books and the second most read book after the bible! About the malleus maleficarum: The Malleus Maleficarum[2] (commonly rendered into English as "Hammer of [the] Witches";[3] Der Hexenhammer in German) is a treatise on the prosecution of witches, written in 1486 by Heinrich Kramer, a German Catholic clergyman. The book was first published in Speyer, Germany, in 1487.[4] James Sprenger is also often attributed as an author, but some scholars now believe that he became associated with the Malleus Maleficarum largely as a result of Kramer's wish to lend his book as much official authority as possible.[5] The main purpose of the Malleus was to systematically refute arguments claiming that witchcraft does not exist, to discredit those who expressed skepticism about its reality, to claim that those who practised witchcraft were more often women than men, and to educatemagistrates on the procedures that could find them out and convict them.[6] Background[edit] Magic, sorcery and witchcraft had long been condemned by the Church, whose attitude towards witchcraft was elaborated on in the canon Episcopi written in about 900 AD. It stated that witchcraft and magic did not really exist, and that those who believed in such things "had been seduced by the Devil in dreams and visions into old pagan errors".[7] Until about 1400 it was rare for anyone to be accused of witchcraft, but heresies had become a major problem within the Church by the 13th century,[8] and by the 15th century belief in witches was widely accepted in European society. Those convicted of witchcraft typically suffered penalties no more harsh than public penances such as a day in the stocks,[9] but their persecution became more brutal following the publication of the Malleus Maleficarum, as witchcraft became increasingly accepted as a real and dangerous phenomenon.[10] In 1484 Heinrich Kramer had made one of the first attempts at prosecuting alleged witches in the Tyrol region. It was not a success: he was expelled from the city of Innsbruck and dismissed by the local bishop as a "senile old man". Kramer was opposed by the local clergy partly because of his eccentric behavior (as the Bishop of Innsbruck's verdict indicates), and partly because he didn't hold any official position as an Inquisitor despite his efforts to make himself into one. According to Diarmaid MacCulloch, writing the book was Kramer's act of self-justification and revenge.[9] Some scholars have suggested that following the failed efforts in Tyrol, Kramer and James Sprenger (also known as Jacob or Jakob Sprenger) requested and received a papal bullSummis desiderantes affectibus in 1484. It allegedly gave full papal approval for the Inquisition to prosecute what was deemed to be witchcraft in general and for Kramer and Sprenger specifically.[11] Malleus Maleficarum was written in 1486 and the papal bull was included as part of the preface.[11] Publication[edit] The Malleus Maleficarum was published by Kramer (Latinised as "Institoris")[12] and Sprenger in 1487. Scholars have debated how much Sprenger contributed to the work. Some say his role was minor,[13] and that the book was written almost entirely by Kramer, who used the name of Sprenger for its prestige only,[12] while others say there is little evidence for this claim.[14] The preface also includes an approbation from the University of Cologne's Faculty of Theology. The authenticity of the Cologne endorsement was first questioned by Joseph Hansen but has not been universally questioned; Christopher S. Mackay rejects Hansen's theory as a misunderstanding.[15] Nevertheless, it is well established by sources outside the "Malleus" that the university's theology faculty as a whole condemned the book for unethical procedures and for contradicting Catholic theology on a number of important points. Hence the Malleus' claims about an endorsement from the same faculty is at best a misleading approval granted by only a small percentage of the faculty, and at worst a complete forgery. Scholarly opinion is divided on the latter point, but there is general agreement that even if it were genuine it was misrepresented by Kramer, as was the copy of "Summis desiderantes" whose inclusion implies a Papal endorsement of the "Malleus" although "Summis desiderantes" had been issued before the "Malleus" was written.[16][17][18][19] The Malleus Maleficarum drew on earlier sources such as Johannes Nider's treatiseFormicarius, written 1435/37.[20] The book became the handbook for secular courts throughout Renaissance Europe, but was not used by the Inquisition, which even cautioned against relying on the work.[21] Between 1487 and 1520 the work was published thirteen times. It was again published between 1574 and 1669 a total of sixteen times. Regardless of the authenticity of the endorsements appearing at the beginning of the book, their presence contributed to the popularity of the work.

      [Bookseller: Liber Antiqua]
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        Vrbani Bellunensis [...] Institutionum in linguam graecam grammatocarum Libri duo. Quorum primo quae ad simpliciorum octo partium orationis rationem, secundo vero quae ad accuratiorem earundem pertinent explicationem, continentur.

      apud Ioannem Valderum mense Septembri 1535 In-4 antico, pp. 472+6 nn. (indice, colophon, errata), bella marca tipograf. incisa al front. e in ultima pagina, iniziali xilograf., testo in caratteri latini e greci, alcuni marginalia a china rossa e un insignificante buchetto a p. 213, con perdita di 2 lettere. Leg. moderna da amatore in mz. pelle con angoli, dorso a 4 scomparti, nervetti, tit. e linee in oro, piatti in carta marmorizz. Fresco esemplare in carta frusciante. Rara edizione della fondamentale grammatica greca in lingua latina del famoso ellenista francescano (Urbano Dalle Fosse). L?edizione delle Institutiones del 1535 fu riproposta in forma pressochè invariata già nel 1539, a conferma del successo anche commerciale dell?opera del Bellunese ? si basa su quella già pubblicata da Valentin Curio nel 1524, con l?eccezione degli indirizzi di Heinrich Glareanus e di Bolzanio, non più riproposti quale introduzione al testo. «This 1535 Urbanus is based on the text already printed by Valentin Curio in 1524 except for the prefaces of Henrich Glareanus and of Bolzanio himself». Adams-B, 2365; VD 16 B, 6530 SBN, IT\ICCU\BVEE\001522.Cfr. Tiraboschi, p. 1606. .

      [Bookseller: Libreria Colonnese s.a.s.]
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        C. PLINII SECUNDI HISTORIA MUNDI

      Basel, per Hieronymum Frobenium, Io. Hervagium, & Nicolaum Episcopium, 1535.. denuo emendata, non paucis locis ex diligenti ad pervetusta et optimae fidei exemplaria collatione nunc primu[m] animadversis castigatisq[ue], quemadmodum evidenter in Sigismundi Gelenij annotationibus operi adnexis apparet. Adiunctus est Index copiosissimus. Printer's names from colophon on page 671, Latin text, 1535, folio, approximately 370 x 245 mm, 14½ x 9¾ inches, printer's pictorial device on title page, on verso page 671 and on verso of final leaf, with 37 large historiated initials and small decorated initials in the Table, pages: (36), 671, (181), 51 of these unnumbered pages contain Gelenius' annotations, followed by 130 pages of index, bound in full contemporary blind tooled pig-skin over wooden boards, with 2 brass clasps in working order, raised bands to spine with blind tooling in compartments, no lettering. Covers soiled and stained, 110 mm (4½ inch) cut to leather on upper cover, small loss of leather to lower corner on upper board, the other corners slightly worn, 4 wormholes to lower cover, 1 to upper cover, red stain filling lowest compartment of spine, upper hinge cracked at top 25 mm (1 inch), tiny crack to lower hinge at top, "Plinius" inked neatly across fore-edges, large handcoloured old armorial bookplate to front pastedown, with most of name and part of motto erased, inscription below bookplate erased and messy stain above it, old ink inscription erased in upper margin of title page, 4 small old paper repairs to reverse of title page, 3 at inner edge and 1 in blank area needed because of slight damage caused by horizontal crease which is repeated on A2, single small wormhole in inner margin from title to page 71, another to fore-edge of last 7 leaves of index, 2 very small closed margin edge tears, tiny closed tear to upper edge of 6 consecutive pages, a few brief early marginal notes, a little neat underlining, 1 pointing hand, contents otherwise very clean and bright. Pasted onto rear pastedown is a large sheet of paper with a drawing of a labyrinth on it in old ink and a reference in Latin mentioning the story of Theseus and Ariadne. Binding tight and sound. A good sound copy of this classic encyclopedic work. This is the first printing of the Naturalis Historia with annotations by the Bohemian humanist Gelenius. The text is preceded by a preface by Erasmus of Rotterdam, reprinted from his edition of 1525. Gaius Plinius Secundus, known as Pliny the Elder, was born in Como, Italy, in A.D. 23. By the time he died 56 years later, he had been a cavalry officer, an adviser to emperors and the author of at least 75 books, not to mention another 160 volumes of unpublished notebooks. He is remembered today for just one of those works, his 37-volume Naturalis Historia (also entitled Historia Mundi), in which he planned to "set forth in detail all the contents of the entire world." Pliny describes in detail the nature of the physical universe: geography, anthropology, zoology, botany, and the medicinal uses of plants and curatives derived from the animals, among a host of other topics including mathematics, astronomy, agriculture, history and the arts and letters. Although dubious as a work of science, Pliny's Historia Naturalis provides a unique glimpse into the world view of ancient Rome. It is a wonderful melange of the real and the fantastic, the never was and the never could be. He wrote of dog-headed people who communicated by barking, and people with no heads at all, their eyes in their shoulders. He wrote of snakes that launch themselves skyward to catch high-flying birds, and of the "basilisk serpent" of Africa, which kills bushes on contact, bursts rocks with its breath and is so venomous that when one was killed by a man on horseback, "the infection rising through the spear killed not only the rider but also the horse." The work became a model for all later encyclopedias in terms of the breadth of subject matter examined, the need to reference original authors, and a comprehensive index list of the contents. The work was dedicated to the emperor Titus, son of Pliny's close friend, the emperor Vespasian, in the first year of Titus' reign. It is the only work by Pliny to have survived, and the last that he published, lacking a final revision at his sudden and unexpected death. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE. FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        ILIAS Et VLYSSEA, cum Interpretatione. Variae lectionis in utroq[ue] opere, annotatio

      Basileae:: Apud Io. Heruagium,. 1535.. Folio, primarily in 6s [collation per Adams]. 10-1/2" x 6-3/4". 1st edition thus, i.e., this publisher. Cf. Adams H-748. [8], 410, [2], 284, [4] pp. Numerous mispaginations, including p. 410 misnumbered 394. Text in Greek, with commentary. "Odyssey" has individual, dated t.p.. Modern tan quarter calf binding with marbled paper boards. Red leather title label to second compartment.. Binding - Nr Fine. Text block - VG+.. A reimpression of the editions of Strasbourg, 1525 to 1535; edited by J. Leonicerus. OCLC records two holding institutions. . Printer's device to each t.p. Decorative initial capital letters.

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA]
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        De liberis recte instituendis, liber

      Argentinae [Strasbourg] Apud Ioannem Albertum, Anno M. D. XXXV. Mense Martio. 1535. Small 8vo, 147 x 90 mms., unpaginated, pp. [124], collating A-H8, with the recto the last leaf the engraved colophon, contemporary vellums (slightly soiled), with the autograph in ink "Walter Shelley/ M. Temple" on the front paste-down end-paper, and in pencil on the recto of the front free end-paper, "Cosmo Gordon/ [?Inschia] 1951." Sadoleto (1477 - 1547), the Italian humanist and churchman, and in 1533 published his De pueris recte instituendis, considering the education of boys in his capacity as Bishop of Carpentras, to be his most important duty. Sadoleto was also friendly with Erasmus (1466 - 1536) and corresponded with him on numerous matters, including education; his Imago pueri Jesu posita in ludo literario is included in the present volume. "Sadoleto, a cultured yet devout believer, strikes a note of deep seriousness, symptoms of the temper of the counter-reformation to which he so ardently devoted himself. Then he writes as one with a definite end in view : he has in mind the youth of the higher professional class his own and of landed families of modest estate. He knows what is wanted from experience of society in France as well as in Italy. Again, no other humanist writer upon education has as thoroughly entered into the true spirit of Plato. The end which Sadoleto puts forth is that of a liberal training not concerned with any of the possible technical superstructures which taste or need may suggest. The impression we gain from the De Liberis recte Instituendis is that its author knew well the class for which he was writing ; that he kept within the bounds of the attainable: that he set himself to exhibit in harmonious outlines an adaptation to the modern and the Catholic world all that was best in antique as the unwearied scholarship of the Italian Renaissance, which had already reached its zenith, had revealed it. Sadoleto himself was amongst the greater scholars of his time, surpassing most of them in insight into the significance of Greek thought. His treatise, it may be added, forms an instructive introduction to a study of the Jesuit Ratio" (W. H. Woodward: Studies in Education during the Age of the Renaissance, 1906). WorldCat locates a copy of this printing in Universiteitsbibliotheek Utrecht, Bibliothèque nationale et universitaire, and Bibliothèque interuniversitaire Sainte-Geneviève. No copies of this Strasbourg imprint found in Copac.

      [Bookseller: John Price Antiquarian Books]
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        Quam salubria balnea sint: cum ad sanitatem tuendam, tum ad morbos curandos, dialogus adversus neotericos medicos

      A. Bladus de Asula Rome: A. Bladus de Asula, 1535. * Wellcome 1037; Durling 669, 670 (1536 eds.); BMC (1536 ed.); Bibliotheca Palatina F2421; not in Osler, Duveen, Waller. On De Balneis omnia see Durling 1101; Garrison & Morton 1986.. Rare first edition of this influential balneological treatise by one of the founding fathers of hydrotherapy. A modern interpretation of Galen, Avicenna and Hippocrates, Brancaleoni’s work promoted the healthful and hygienic effects of bathing a generation earlier than Falloppio, and well in advance of the 19th-century pan-European trend for spa cures associated with Vincenz Priessnitz (1799-1851) and Father Sebastian Kneipp.While the identity of the early annotator of this copy has not been confirmed, the primary hand appears identical to the notes appearing in another medical text handled by our firm: Ferdinando Balami’s translation of Galen’s De ossibus, also published in Rome by Blado in 1535, and bound in an analogous green vellum binding, which bears the ownership inscription of the physician Ottaviano Caligari. OCLC lists two copies of the 1535 edition: Harvard and the Wellcome (this edition not in the NUC).

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc. ]
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        Fabularum Liber... ante hac nunquam excusus. Eiusdem Poeticon Astronomicon, De fabulosis narrationibus liber.., Mythologiarum libri III, Phaenomena, De sphaera

      Basle: J. Hervagius, 1535 Book. Fine. Hardcover. 1st Edition. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. Fabularum Liber... ante hac nunquam excusus. Eiusdem Poeticon Astronomicon, De fabulosis narrationibus liber.., Mythologiarum libri III, Phaenomena, De sphaera. Basle: J. Hervagius, March 1535. Folio (310x210 mm). [24], 246, [2] pp. With 48 astrological woodcut illustrations and numerous initials, woodcut devices on title and last leaf Title page with cancelled and faded old signature, preliminary leaves alpha-2 and alpha-2 supplied and remargined, some browning and occasional minor marginal dampstaining (heavier on pp. 233 to 236). Later half vellum over marbled boards, title in script to spine. Complete. --- BM, German Books S. 427. Zinner 1592. - FIRST EDITION OF THE FABLES. Famous collection of late antique works on astronomy and mythography. A rare edition, the first to come from Herwagen's press, of a number of the more important collections of ancient myths and fables concerning the constellation of heaven which have persisted both in Arabic and European astrology and literature. Hyginus, the Spanish-born second prefect of the Palatine Library, compiled his extensive manual ab. 25 B.C. The Phaenomena of Aratos (fl. 275 A.D.) are of special importance for their lasting influence on Roman and Renaissance thought. Fulgentius' Mythologicon, which dates from the beginning of the 6th century, likewise was of great influence especially on the iconography of Renaissance art. At the end Proclus' (410-85 A.D.) work on the sphere. The woodcut illustrations, in the manner of Weiditz, show signs of the Planets and the Zodiac..

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        [In Somnium Scipionis libri II] Macrobii Ambrosii Avrelii Theodosii Viri Cunsvlaris & illustris in somnium Scipionis libri II. Eiusdem Saturnaliorum libri VII. ex uetustissimis manuscriptis codicibus recogniti & aucti. Ioach. Cam. Lectori

      Basel, Herwagen 1535. 29 cm. (40), 334, (2) Seiten mit 2 Druckermarken auf dem Titel und am Schluß, Holzschnitt-Weltkarte, 8 schematischen Textholzschnitten und zahlreichen Initialen. Festeinband, Halbledereinband 19. Jahrhundert - VD16 M48 - Adams M-64 - Shirley, World 13 Anmerkung - Zinner 1598 - Mit Widmungsvorrede von Joachim Camerarius an den Kanonikus Paul Baron von Schwarzenberg. Mit der berühmten Weltkarte auf Seite 78. "There was also a Basle edition of 1535 where the outline of Africa has been updated according to more modern concepts" (Shirley). Tatsächlich handelt es sich hier um eine völlig neue Karte, aus der der mythische Südkontinent "Terra australis" völlig verschwunden ist und durch eine nach Süden heruntergezogene Darstellung der Halbinsel Malakka angedeutet wird. Im letzten Viertel stellenweise Feuchtigkeitsränder; die ersten 7 Blatt neu befestigt; am Schluß ab Seite 311 angerändert, davon 2 Blatt im Rand durch Faksimile ergänzt; das letzte Blatt mit Druckermarke ganz in Faksimile. - Sprache / Language: Lateinisch / Latin -

      [Bookseller: Wenner Antiquariat]
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        De Proprietatibus Rerum

      London: Thomas Berthelet, 1535. Hardcover. Near Fine. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. Small folio [29 cm x 19.5 cm], (8), CCCLXXXVI (ie 388) ff. Bound in blindstamped contemporary English calf, sympathetically rebacked with original black and gilt title label laid on. Early MS title on fore-edge. Woodcut device on verso of last leaf and woodcut initials throughout. Scattered worming, touching one or two letters in the first 50 leaves, otherwise very clean and fresh. An unusually fine copy. Rare second and earliest acquirable English edition (first, 1495) of Bartholomaeus Anglicus' famed encyclopedia, the most comprehensive synthesis of information about the known world well into the 16th century, rarely found complete. Anglicus' work has long been recognised as a fundamental text in mediaeval studies: vastly popular in its time, it offers a key to the mindset of readers from 13th century English monks to early Renaissance writers and thinkers. Like the earlier work of Isidore, from which it is descended, the 19 books of Anglicus' encyclopedia have been likened to a proto-modern 'database' of knowledge. As Trevisa's preface explains, the work is founded on the basis of etymologies - the idea that the knowledge of the origins of a word can disclose the word's 'true sense'. In cataloguing and describing his own medieval world, Anglicus divided his work into 19 books, ranging from physiology (books IV & V) to domestic manners (VI), to astronomy (VIII), natural history (XII & XIII), and geography (XV). Thorndike is especially impressed with Anglicus' sources, noting both the wide variety of up-to-date authorities consulted and the author's own, often anecdotal contributions to his text. De proprietatibus rerum is thus no mere extension of Isidore's Etymologiae: the 13th century Englishman "goes beyond [Isidore's] brief statements; it seems clear that the scanty contents of the Etymologies are no longer deemed sufficient." (Thorndike, p. 407). Book XV of De proprietatibus rerum, entitled De regionibus, is significant in itself as an early geographical dictionary informed by modern and perhaps even first-hand experience (see below). As Patrick Gautier-Dalché has recently commented, Anglicus' De regionibus goes far beyond its promised aim of exploring only those countries mentioned in the Bible. Thorndike also emphasizes Anglicus' geographical modernity: in addition to the place names of antiquity, he notably includes "the feudal world of his own time" (p 424), while Pitts notes the work's "intentional avoidance of Christian moralization". Places as far afield as China and Scotland are included, with the 173 entries arranged alphabetically. Unlike most medieval travel literature which is patently fantastic and aimed at the armchair traveler, however, Anglicus' intent seems to have been to present useful geographical information as concisely and as practically as possible, for the benefit of his Continental audience. Thus Paris is described at length, while remote cities (Jerusalem, Constantinople) receive more cursory treatment: few readers would realistically need a practical guide to locales to which they were unlikely to travel. Another reason for this preferential treatment, however, may be that many of De regionibus' descriptions were based on the widely-traveled author's own experiences (Thorndike, p 424). "On the whole his account.is of considerable value for the political geography of Europe in the thirteenth century, both as a general survey showing what regions he deemed important enough to mention and what he thought might be omitted, and also often for particular details concerning particular places, while it is sometimes enlivened by the spice of local or racial prejudice" (p 425). Anglicus' attitude towards the Scots, for example, is particularly vehement: they love nothing more than to die in battle, frequently suffer from famine, are forced to eat mainly fish, and are ignorant of the art of making bread. .........................................................

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc.]
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        LA HISTORIA GENERAL DE LAS INDIAS

      Seville: Juan Cromberger, 1535.. 197 leaves as follow: title-leaf, folios 1-7, folios +1-3, folios 8-193. 6 leaves are in excellent facsimile on old paper (title; ff. 10, 178, 185, 192, 193), 2 leaves have extensive facsimile work (ff. +2 and 191), and one leaf has minor facsimile work (ff. 1). Three other leaves have marginal repairs with minor loss (ff. 27, 183, 190). None of the woodcuts of New World subjects are affected by these facsimiles or repairs. An expertly restored copy in old vellum, leather label. Despite the work detailed above, a clean, solid, substantially intact copy of a very rare book. This famous work is the most extensive book on the New World written up to the time of publication, and is one of the chief sources to this day for many of the facts relating to the early history of the Spanish conquest of the New World. Oviedo was a witness to that history from the beginning, having seen, as a young page at the Spanish court, the return of Columbus in 1493. In 1505 he went out to the Indies himself as an official, and subsequently served in a number of important administrative posts. Over the next three decades he kept extensive notes on the history of the Spanish in the New World and all he observed there, especially natural history and the Indians he encountered. He also interviewed all of the Spanish explorers to whom he had access. In 1526 he published a short work on the natural history of the Indies, followed nine years later by the present work. His industry provides an extraordinary description of the period, one that his high offices and education gave him a unique ability to record. Oviedo's work is illustrated with numerous woodcuts, which are the earliest extant reliable pictures of things in the New World. These include a number of botanical subjects including prickly pear, as well as artifacts including the hammock, and natives, the most famous of which depicts an Indian panning for gold. The first edition of Oviedo's book publishes the first nineteen parts of his history. The twentieth part appeared as a part of Ramusio's DELLE NAVIGATIONI ET VIAGGE in 1551, and the remaining thirty were not published until 1851. This first edition is one of the outstanding early books on the New World, a foundation work regarding the period of the initial Spanish conquest. EUROPEAN AMERICANA 535/12. HARRISSE BAV 207. CHURCH 71. ARENTS, TOBACCO 4. MEDINA (BHA) 4. NISSEN ZOOLOGY 3032. JCB (3)I:118. CREATING AMERICA, YALE EXHIBITION 10. SERVIES, p.1.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        LIBRO PRIMO DE LA CONQVISTA DEL PERV & PROUINCIA DEL CUZCO DE LE INDIE OCCIDENTALI

      [Colophon: Vinegia (i.e. Venice): Stampato per Stephano da Sabio, 1535].. [62] leaves. Small quarto. 19th-century pebbled pigskin, spine gilt. Boards and extremities lightly rubbed. Some minor soiling, a few leaves lightly toned. Two small tears, on titlepage and second leaf, neatly repaired. Very good. As one of the "Men of Cajamarca," Francisco de Xerez holds a very special place among writers on the earliest period of Spanish contact with the Inca of Peru: He was there from day one, a member of the very small band of men who left Panama with Pizarro and Almagro to seek fame and fortune in South America. At Cajamarca he participated in the taking of the Inca leader, Atahualpa, the slaughter of his army, and the sharing of the ransom demanded of the Inca nation for the return of their leader. By training a notary public and practiced writer, he was by choice Pizarro's secretary/confidant, the two having been close since at least 1524, when they met in Panama; and when in 1534 he returned to Spain, he took with him his share of the wealth of Atahualpa, a broken leg, and a tale to tell that was significant, stirring, and in fact tellable by no other man. He conceived of his book as being at once a socially and politically useful celebration of Pizarro's deeds and his own, a celebration of the glory of Spain as that was expressing itself in a remote and wondrous New World, and as a true entertainment cast in the tradition of the romance of chivalry; not surprisingly, it was a blockbuster. Xerez's eyewitness account of the conquest of Peru was originally published in Spain in 1534 in Spanish as the VERDADERA RELACIÓN DE LA CONQUISTA DEL PERU Y PROVINCIA DEL CUZCO LLAMADA LA NUEVA CASTILLA. Demand for news of the new, "exotic" kingdom of Peru, which had only been conquered in 1532, was found to be keen not only in Spain but all across Europe, leading to this rapid translation into Italian. Appended to Xerez's account (fols. [43v] to [55r]) is a translation of Miguel de Estete's account of Pizarro's army's journey from Cajamarca to Pachacamac and then to Jauja. Estete was also present at Cajamarca and is said to have been the first Spaniard to lay hands on Atahualpa. Both of these first translations into Italian are from the pen of Domingo de Gaztelu (secretary of Don Lope de Soria, Charles V's ambassador to Venice) and are taken from the second edition of the Spanish- language original. The text is printed in roman type and has a large heraldic woodcut device on the tittlepage and a xylographic printer's device on the verso of the last leaf. CHURCH 73. HARRISSE 200. SABIN 105721. EUROPEAN AMERICANA 535/21. HUTH 1628. BM STC, ITALIAN, p.738. MEDINA (BHA) 95. JCB I:119.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Libro Primo de la Conqvista del Perv & Prouincia del Cuzco de le Indie Occidentali

      [Colophon: Vinegia (i.e. Venice): Stampato per Stephano da Sabio, 1535]. [62] leaves. Small quarto. 19th-century pebbled pigskin, spine gilt. Boards and extremities lightly rubbed. Some minor soiling, a few leaves lightly toned. Two small tears, on titlepage and second leaf, neatly repaired. Very good. Men of Cajamarca: two eyewitness accounts of events As one of the "Men of Cajamarca," Francisco de Xerez holds a very special place among writers on the earliest period of Spanish contact with the Inca of Peru: He was there from day one, a member of the very small band of men who left Panama with Pizarro and Almagro to seek fame and fortune in South America. At Cajamarca he participated in the taking of the Inca leader, Atahualpa, the slaughter of his army, and the sharing of the ransom demanded of the Inca nation for the return of their leader. By training a notary public and practiced writer, he was by choice Pizarro's secretary/confidant, the two having been close since at least 1524, when they met in Panama; and when in 1534 he returned to Spain, he took with him his share of the wealth of Atahualpa, a broken leg, and a tale to tell that was significant, stirring, and in fact tellable by no other man. He conceived of his book as being at once a socially and politically useful celebration of Pizarro's deeds and his own, a celebration of the glory of Spain as that was expressing itself in a remote and wondrous New World, and as a true entertainment cast in the tradition of the romance of chivalry; not surprisingly, it was a blockbuster. Xerez's eyewitness account of the conquest of Peru was originally published in Spain in 1534 in Spanish as the Verdadera Relación de la Conquista del Peru y Provincia del Cuzco llamada la Nueva Castilla. Demand for news of the new, "exotic" kingdom of Peru, which had only been conquered in 1532, was found to be keen not only in Spain but all across Europe, leading to this rapid translation into Italian. Appended to Xerez's account (fols. [43v] to [55r]) is a translation of Miguel de Estete's account of Pizarro's army's journey from Cajamarca to Pachacamac and then to Jauja. Estete too was present at Cajamarca and is said to have been the first Spaniard to lay hands on Atahuallpa. Both of these first translations into Italian are from the pen of Domingo de Gaztelu (secretary of Don Lope de Soria, Charles V's ambassador to Venice) and are taken from the second edition of the Spanish-language original. The text is printed in roman type and has a large heraldic woodcut device on the tittle-page and a xylographic printer's device on the verso of the last leaf. Church 73; Harrisse 200; Sabin 105721; European Americana 535/21; Huth 1628; BM STC, Italian, p.738; Medina (BHA) 95; JCB I:119.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Antiquitatum iudaicarum libri xx, ad vetera exemplaria diligenter recogniti. de bello iudaico libri vii, ex collatione graecorum codicum castigatiores quam unquam ante redditi. contra appionem libri ii, pro corruptis, antea, iam ex graeco itidem non solum emendati, sed etiam suppleti. de imperio rationis sive de machabaeis liber unus a' des. erasmo roterodamo recognitus... luteciae, in aedibus ioannis parvi sub signo lilii aurei in via ad divum iacobum, 1535.

      Cm. 31, pp. (32) 743 (1). Frontespizio entro cornice ornamentale in cui si legge il motto ""petit a petit"", bei capolettera figurati. Legatura del tempo in piena pergamena rigida, dorso a nervi con titoli manoscritti. Un foro di tarlo (un paio di cm.) interessa le carte preliminari di indice e solo in maniera minore le prime carte di testo; una macchia chiara al centro delle ultime carte. Esemplare peraltro genuino, fresco ed in ottimo stato di conservazione. Mancano le ultime due carte (bianche?) poste dopo l'indice finale. Cfr. Adams.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Iacobi Sannazarii opera omnia latine scripta, nuper edita.

      Venice, in haeredum Aldi Manutii, et Andreae Asulani, 1535. 8vo. 40,+ 63,+ (1) ll. With Aldus' anchor device on title and on last leaf verso. Stain in margin throughout, leaf A1 in second part with paper repair. Full 17th-century calf, blindstamped spine with raised bands, blue marbled edges. Old owner's inscriptions on the title-leaf, partly cut, one by a Spangenberg? From the library of Carl Aurivillius, with his hand written label, dated Uppsala 1761, and from the library of Ericsberg. Ink annotations on front fly-leaf.Adams S313. Renouard p. 114. The first collected edition of Sannazaro's latin poetry, edited posthumously by his friend Antonio Garlon. A reprint was made in 1570. Earlier editions of singular works were published in 1527, 1528, 1529 and 1533. The first part begins with a preface by Paul Manutius followed by "De partu Virginis", "Ecloga" 1-5 and "Salices". The second part, with a new title leaf printed after a leaf with "Fragmentum", includes "Elegiarum et Epigrammaton". Jacopo Sannazaro (1455?-1530) was one of the most popular italian poets of his days, writing in both Italian and Latin. Today most remembered for his masterwork "Arcadia"

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        T. LIVII PATAVINI LATINAE HISTORIAE PRINCIPIS DECADES TRES. Cum dimidia, longe tamen quàm nuper emaculatiores, quod nunc demum ad vetera contulerimus exemplaria, ubi quantum sit deprehensum mendorum, facile indicabunt doctissimae in hunc autorem Beati Rhenani & Sigismundi Galenij adiunctae Annotationes.

      In folio (mm. 373x252), mz. pergam. antica, tit. ms. al dorso, pp.num. 69,(7),244,243,211,91,(40),(96), ornato da belliss. grandi iniz. figur. a vignetta, su fondo nero, inc. su legno. Manca la prima carta dopo il frontesp. (a2). Vi sono contenute: "Decas Prima (in 10 libri) - Decas Tertia (in 10 libri) - Decas Quarta (in 10 libri) - Decas Quinta (in 5 libri) con proprio frontesp. (in Officina Frobeniana, 1534) - Decadum XIIII Epitome - Chronologia sive temporum supputatio in omnem Romanam historiam ab Troia capta ad millesimum ducentesimum octogesimum tertium ab Urbe condita annum.. per Henricum Glareanum.., con proprio frontesp. (Basileae, 1535) - Indice". Cfr. Graesse,IV,227: "Réimpression de l'édition de Bale de 1531, augmentée des notes de Rhenanus et de Galenius qui ont corrigé le texte.. L'éd. de 1531 est importante parce qu'elle donne pour la première fois le 5 livres découverts par Grynée dans un man. de la bibl. du monastère de Lorsch près de Worms..". Lieve alone all'ang. sup. e inf. interc. nel t. altrimenti esemplare molto ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        NEAPOLIS, CAMPANIAE CIVITAS,...

      Pregevole pianta della città di Napoli (mm. 340x485), incisa in rame, tratta da "Civitates Orbis Terrarum", sotto passepartout. Cfr. Tooley?s Dictionary of Mapmakers?, p. 305: ?Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590), Flemish artist and engraver, was joint publisher with Braun of the work ?Civitates. 1573-90?. Esemplare molto ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        Observationes Nonnullarum in Iure Decisionum, Causidicis

      1535. Balbi, Goffredo Lanfranco [16th. C.]. Observationes Nonnullarum in Iure Decisionum, Causidicis ac Iuristudiosis Magno Usui Futurae. Hoc Aureum Iam Opusculum ex Integro Renascitur, Decisionum Centurias Quinque cum Sextae Fragmento Continens. Lyons: Iacobus Giunta, 1535. 183, [14] pp. Octavo (6-1/4" x 4-1/4"). Later quarter morocco over cloth, raised bands and gilt title to spine, endpapers renewed. Light rubbing with negligible wear to corners, a few tiny faint stains to boards. Large woodcut Giunta device to title page, woodcut decorated initials. Faint dampstaining to margins and annotations and underlining in early hand to a few leaves. A handsome copy. * First edition. This volume collects 500 rulings by the noted jurist with additional commentary. Each entry notes comparable rulings by other leading jurists. Later editions appeared in 1538, 1540, 1545, 1546 and 1588. OCLC locates 3 copies of the first edition, 5 of other editions. Editions located in the U.S. at Harvard Law School (1535, 1540, 1588), Library of Congress (1546) and UC-Berkeley (1545). Adams, Catalogue of Books Printed on the Continent of Europe, 1501-1600 C72.

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.]
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        C. PLINII SECUNDI HISTORIA MUNDI

      Basel, per Hieronymum Frobenium, Io. Hervagium, & Nicolaum Episcopium, 1535.. denuo emendata, non paucis locis ex diligenti ad pervetusta et optimae fidei exemplaria collatione nunc primu[m] animadversis castigatisq[ue], quemadmodum evidenter in Sigismundi Gelenij annotationibus operi adnexis apparet. Adiunctus est Index copiosissimus. Printer's names from colophon on page 671, Latin text, 1535, folio, 370 x 245 mm, 14½ x 9¾ inches, printer's pictorial device on title page, on verso page 671 and on verso of final leaf, with 37 large historiated initials and small decorated initials in the Table, pages (36), 671, (181), 51 of these unnumbered pages contain Gelenius' annotations, followed by 130 pages of index, bound in full contemporary blind tooled pig-skin over wooden boards, with 2 brass clasps in working order, raised bands to spine with blind tooling in compartments, no lettering. Covers soiled and stained, 110 mm (4½ inch) cut to leather on upper cover, small loss of leather to lower corner on upper board, the other corners slightly worn, 4 wormholes to lower cover, 1 to upper cover, red stain filling lowest compartment of spine, upper hinge cracked at top 25 mm (1 inch", tiny crack to lower hinge at top, "Plinius" inked neatly across fore-edges, large handcoloured old armorial bookplate to front pastedown, with most of name and part of motto erased, inscription below bookplate erased and messy stain above it, old ink inscription erased in upper margin of title page, 4 small old paper repairs to reverse of title page, 3 at inner edge and 1 in blank area needed because of slight damage caused by horizontal crease which is repeated on A2, single small wormhole in inner margin from title to page 71, another to fore-edge of last 7 leaves of index, 2 very small closed margin edge tears, tiny closed tear to upper edge of 6 consecutive pages, a few brief early marginal notes, a little neat underlining, 1 pointing hand, contents otherwise very clean and bright. Pasted onto rear pastedown is a large sheet of paper with a drawing of a labyrinth on it in old ink and a reference to in Latin mentioning the story of Theseus and Ariadne. Binding tight and sound. A good sound copy of this classic encyclopedic work. This is the first printing of the Naturalis Historia with annotations by the Bohemian humanist Gelenius. The text is preceded by a preface by Erasmus of Rotterdam, reprinted from his edition of 1525. Gaius Plinius Secundus, known as Pliny the Elder, was born in Como, Italy, in A.D. 23. By the time he died 56 years later, he had been a cavalry officer, an adviser to emperors and the author of at least 75 books, not to mention another 160 volumes of unpublished notebooks. He is remembered today for just one of those works, his 37-volume Naturalis Historia (also entitled Historia Mundi), in which he planned to "set forth in detail all the contents of the entire world." Pliny describes in detail the nature of the physical universe: geography, anthropology, zoology, botany, and the medicinal uses of plants and curatives derived from the animals, among a host of other topics including mathematics, astronomy, agriculture, history and the arts and letters. Although dubious as a work of science, Pliny's Historia Naturalis provides a unique glimpse into the world view of ancient Rome. It is a wonderful melange of the real and the fantastic, the never was and the never could be. He wrote of dog-headed people who communicated by barking, and people with no heads at all, their eyes in their shoulders. He wrote of snakes that launch themselves skyward to catch high-flying birds, and of the "basilisk serpent" of Africa, which kills bushes on contact, bursts rocks with its breath and is so venomous that when one was killed by a man on horseback, "the infection rising through the spear killed not only the rider but also the horse." The work became a model for all later encyclopedias in terms of the breadth of subject matter examined, the need to reference original authors, and a comprehensive index list of the contents. The work was dedicated to the emperor Titus, son of Pliny's close friend, the emperor Vespasian, in the first year of Titus' reign. It is the only work by Pliny to have survived, and the last that he published, lacking a final revision at his sudden and unexpected death. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton]
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        De vita, & moribus philosophorum libri decem, novissime iam post omnes omnium castigationes nova diligentia emendati, ad exemplaria Graeca diligenter collati, multisque uersibus, quos superiores editiones non habent, donati. Id quod studiosus lector primo statim aspectu facile deprehendet. Cum indice in omnes libros locupletissimo.

      (Colonia), Eucharius Agrippinas excudebat, 1535, mense Martio. In 8vo antico (cm 10, 5 x 16), 2 cc. b., front. con marca tip. incisa in legno (non controllata), pp. (22 contenenti la traduzione di Ambrogio Traversari e l'Index), 679, 1 c. b., capilett. figurati e istoriati in vignetta silografica, testo corsivo latino, in corsivo tondo romano, con alcune parti nell'originale greco, indici stampati in gotico, leg. in parte orig., in piena pelle coeva, di cui sono stati conservati i piatti con i filetti e le impressioni a secco, dorso a 4 nervi. Pregiata edizione delle vite dei filosofi di Diogene Laerzio. Non ci ? pervenuta alcuna notizia sulla sua vita; il nome Laerzio potrebbe derivare dalla citt? di Laerte, in Cilicia, l'odierna Alanya in Turchia; altri, rifacendosi alla sua biografia ne deducono che egli fosse originario di Nicea; altri ancora, infine, attraverso deduzioni di carattere culturale, pur non pronunciandosi sulla sua origine, ritengono che egli sia prevalentemente vissuto ad Alessandria. Lo si colloca normalmente tra la fine del II secolo e la prima met? del III, e ci? lo si deduce dalla sua conoscenza di Sesto Empirico, vissuto nella seconda met? del II secolo d. C., e dalla citazione del filosofo Potamone di Alessandria come vissuto, dice Diogene "poco tempo fa", e operante nei primi anni del III secolo. Diogene non dichiara esplicitamente la sua appartenenza a una determinata scuola filosofica, e tuttavia, dai giudizi espressi in alcune biografie, traspare un'ostilit? verso forme di pensiero superstizioso, la sua simpatia" nei confronti di Epicuro e la sua difesa della scuola cinica. Diogene ? noto come autore della "Raccolta delle vite e delle dottrine dei filosofi", un'opera in dieci libri in cui esamina 83 figure di pensatori, dai Sette Sapienti (si indicano come i sette savi o i sette sapienti, alcune personalit? pubbliche dell'antica Grecia vissute in un periodo compreso tra la fine del VII ed il VI secolo a.C. (tra circa il 620 a.C. ed il 550 a.C.), esaltate dai posteri come modelli di saggezza pratica e autori di massime poste a fondamento della comune sensibilit? culturale greca. Nonostante siano in genere indicati tra i primordi della coscienza speculativa greca, e compaia tra di essi colui che ? solitamente considerato come il primo filosofo, Talete di Mileto, non tutti sono da considerarsi pienamente filosofi, poich? il loro interesse ? principalmente rivolto alla condotta pratica e non alla speculazione) a Epicuro (al quale ? interamente dedicato il capitolo decimo (Diogene parla di Epicurea con una trasparente simpatia che lo ha fatto considerare un suo seguace; ne narra la vita, i suoi rapporti con Anassagora, Archelao, Nausifane e Senocrate, ne elenca le opere, e considera la divisione dell'epicureismo in filosofia canonica, fisica ed etica). In ogni caso, Diogene rivendica ai greci l'origine della filosofia e dove dispone le informazioni per scuole filosofiche, rispettando le successioni dei capi delle scuole filosofiche fissate dalla tradizione. La raccolta ci ? giunta mutila, in quanto il VII libro, dedicato agli Stoici, si interrompe bruscamente a met? del catalogo degli scritti di Crisippo; del resto, da indici manoscritti, sappiamo che Diogene proseguiva la trattazione dello stoicismo almeno fino a Posidonio. L'opera ? dedicata a una signora, "che apprezza Platone", ma che non ? stata identificata, in quanto probabilmente le era dedicata l'opera: la dedica non ? pervenuta o, pi? probabilmente, non fu mai scritta, anche perch? l'opera mostra anche altrove segni di incompletezza. Seguendo un costume diffuso, Diogene compose anche una raccolta di epigrammi, "Pammetros" (Raccolta in tutti i metri), di cui restano 56 componimenti, da lui stesso inclusi nelle sue "Vite", senza particolare valore artistico ma di buona eleganza formale e metrica. Lo schema abituale usato da Diogene nel trattare di ciascun filosofo consiste in una biografia, spesso aneddotica, di una serie di massime del filosofo, dalla citazione delle sue opere e da una dossografia variamente estesa e precisa. Buona e rara edizione di questa celebre opera di Diogene Laerzio, nella traduzione di Ambrogio Traversari (il nome compare nella prefazione). Esemplare ben restaurato in relazione ad alcune mancanze della pelle originale della legatura (mancava il dorso e, visibile l'indorsatura, erano scoperti due ampi frammenti di antichi codici manoscritti in colore d'epoca); dorso in pelle recente, conservati i piatti originali. Peraltro ottimamente conservato tutto l'interno.

      [Bookseller: Botteghina D'arte Galleria K?s]
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        ["Typus Orbis descriptione Ptolemaei"] +"Orbis Typus Universalis Iuxta Hydrographorum Traditionem Exactissime Depicta. 1522. L.F." + ["Tabula Gronlandie et Russie"]

      3 woodcut maps, 29,5x45,5cm, 32x48cm and 29x46cm Lyon 1535 The majority of the maps published by Laurenz Fries for his editions of Ptolemy's "Geographia" were reduced copies of Waldseemüller's corresponding maps from 1513. However the second map in the set, one of two "modern" maps of the world, is partly Fries' own construction but based on Waldseemüller's so-called "The Admiral's Map". Therefore the map must be regarded as a sea chart. This definition is supported by the decorations along the edges. On the third map, the second "modern" one, Fries added five thrones of kings, representing those of Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Taprobana (Ceylon), and Mursuli. Above Greenland he put in an image of a mammoth. The three maps represent some of the earliest world maps available to a collector. The set of three was published by Michael Servetus. He was some years later burnt at the stake. On Calvin's order many copies of Servetus's books followed him into the flames. It is supposed that this also included the 1535 atlas edition which made it to a rare book.. The Ptolemy map has a water stain along upper margin. R. Shirley "The Mapping of the World" Entries 47, 89, and 49

      [Bookseller: Kunstantikvariat PAMA AS]
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        ILIAS Et VLYSSEA, cum Interpretatione. Variae lectionis in utroq[ue] opere, annotatio

      Apud Io. Heruagium Basileae:: Apud Io. Heruagium,. 1535.. Folio, primarily in 6s [collation per Adams]. 10-1/2" x 6-3/4". Cf. Adams H-748. [8], 410, [2], 284, [4] pp. Numerous mispaginations, including p. 410 misnumbered 394. Text in Greek. "Odyssey" has individual, dated t.p.. Modern tan quarter calf binding with marbled paper boards. Red leather title label to second compartment.. Binding - Nr Fine. Text block - VG+.. Printer's device to each t.p. Decorative initial capital letters.

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA ]
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        [Tetrabiblos]. Hoc in libro nunquam ante typis aeneis in lucem edita haec insunt. [Greek:] KLAUDIOU ptolemaiou plousieos tetrabiblos sotaxis, pros Syron adelfos. TOU AUTOU karpos, pros ton auton Syros. [Latin:] Claudii Ptolemaei Pelusiensis libri quatuor compositi Syro fratro. Eiusdem fructus librorum suorum, sive Centum dicta, ad eundem Syrum. Traductio in linguam Latinam librorum Ptolemaei duum priorum, & ex aliis praecipuorum aliquot locorum, Ioachimi Camerarii Pabergensis. Conuersio Centum dictorum Ptolemaei in Latinum Iouiani Pontani. Annotatiunculae eiusdem Ioachimi ad libros priores duos iudiciorum Ptol. Matthaei Guarimberti Parmensis opusculum de radiis & aspectibus planetarum. Aphorismi Astrologici Ludouici de Rigiis ad patriarcham Constantinopolitanum.

      Norimbergae [Nürnberg], (Apud Ioannem Petreium), 1535. 4to. Bound in a beautiful contemporary full blindstamped vellum binding over wooden boards. Boards with blindstamped borders with portraits of Marcus, Johannes, Mattheus, Lucas, inside which large square blindstamped centre-piece with floriated decorations and small portriats. Three raised bands to back. Brass clasps to boards partially preserved. A bit of overall wear and general use. Overall a very nice and tight copy. Internally very nice and clean with only a bit of occasional minor brownspotting and soiling. Two leaves with a spot to outer margin (looks like remain of wax or lacquer), far from affecting text. Last four leaves of Greek text with dampstaining. First leaf of Latin text with coloured initial and a couple of red and green underlinings. Woodcut initials. First ab. 10 leaves of text with neat contemporary annotations in Latin and Greek. (6),59, (4) ff. + 84, (24) ff. (The four leaves in between the Greek and the Latin text being the title page: "Librorum de Iudiciis Astrologicis quatuor, duo priores conuersi in linguam Latinam à Ioachimo Camerario Pabergense. Annotatiunculae in eosdem. Aliquot loci translati de tertio & quarto libro Ptolemaei, per eundem Camerarium.", two leaves of preface/dedication, dated 1535, one blank).. The very rare first Greek/Latin edition, i.e. the editio princeps of the Greek text and the first edition of Camerarius' seminal translation into Latin (directly from the Greek), of Ptolemy's famous textbook of astrology known under the name "Tetrabiblos" or "Quadripartitum", derived from its four books, the work which "ranks as the Bible of Astrology" (Stillwell) and which Ptolemy himself considered the natural complement to his "Almagest": "as the latter enables one to predict the positions of the heavenly bodies, so the former expounds the theory of their influences on terrestrial things." (D.S.B. XI:198). The present edition also contains the editio princeps of the Greek text of the "Karpos", or "Centiloquium" (because of its 100 aphorisms), erroneously attributed to Ptolemy, as well as Pontano's famous Latin version of it.The "Tetrabiblos" is considered one of, if not the, most important surviving ancient texts on astrology, and its impact and influence on this field has been immense. It was by far the most popular astrological work of Antiquity and it also greatly influenced the Islamic world, the Medieval Latin West, and the Renaissance. It was reprinted continuously for centuries, and its great popularity is often attributed to the fact that it is a textbook on the art of astrology itself and a "scientific" defense of it rather than a mere manual instructing lay people on how to practice the art. "Of Ptolemy's genuine works the most germane to and significant for our investigation is his "Tetrabiblos", "Quadripartium", or four books on the control of human life by the stars... In the "Tetrabiblos" the art of astrology receives sanction and exposition from perhaps the ablest mathematician and closest scientific observer of the day or at least from one who seemed so for succeeding generations. Hence from that time on astrology was able to take shelter from any criticism under the aegis of his authority..." (Thorndike I:111).As opposed to the "Karpos", almost all research points to the fact that the "Tetrabiblon" must genuinely be by Ptolemy, and as such, it is to be considered of the greatest importance, not only to astrology, the history and impact of the science, but also to astronomy and to the understanding of the man who wrote one of the most important astronomical works of all times. In the "Tetrabiblos" Ptolemy first discusses the validity of the art of judicial astrology, and the introductory chapters are devoted to defending astrology against charges that it is uncertain and useless. According to Ptolemy, the laws of astronomy are beyond dispute, but the art of predicting human affairs from the movement of the stars should be attacked using more reason than that, and his main argument is that one should not reject the art itself merely because it can be abused, and frequently is, by impostors, or because it is an art not yet fully developed and may be difficult to handle properly. In book I Ptolemy goes on to explain the technical concepts of astrology, in book II, the influences on the earth in general, and in books II and IV, the influences on human life. "Although often dependent on earlier authorities, Ptolemy often develops his own dogma. The discussion in books III and IV is confined to what can be deduced from a man's horoscope..." (D.S.B. XI:198). "The great influence of the "Tetrabiblos" is shown not only in medieval Arabic commentaries and Latin translations, but more immediately in the astrological writings of the declining Roman Empire, when such astrologers as Hephaestion of Thebes, Paul of Alexandria, and Julius Firmicus Maternus cite it as a leading authoritative work. Only the opponents of astrology appear to have remained ignorant of the "Tetrabiblos", continuing to make criticisms of the art which do not apply to Ptolemy's presentation of it or which had been specifically answered by him." (Thorndike I: 115-16).Camerarius's translation of the "Tetrabiblon", here printed for the first time, is probably the most important and influential of the many Latin versions of the text. It is considered the best, most widely used, and most important for the spreading of Ptolemaean astrology in the Renaissance, where this came to play a great role at the universities and beyond. "Melanchton never doubted the scientific accuracy of astrology. For instance, in 1535 Joachim Camerarius' edition of Ptolemy's "Tetrabiblos" was warmly received by Melanchton; in the same year he began lecturing on Ptolemy's work at Wittenberg and stressed the scientific character of the work in his opening address. And in the following year he commented on the second book, beginning with an exhortation to appreciate the philosophical arguments of the first book..." (Stefano Caroti in: Paolo Zambelli edt., "Astrologi hallucinati" Stars and the End of the World in Luther's Time, 1986, p. 113).It is widely accepted that it is the present first Greek/Latin-edition, i.e. the editio princeps of the Greek text together with Camerarius' Latin version of it, that has played the most dominant role in the spreading and interpreting of Ptolemy's astrology in the Renaissance. Astrology, as derived from Classical Antiquity, with Ptolemy as the greatest exponent of them all, came to play a seminal role in Renaissance understanding of both exact sciences and philosophy, and thus this period witnessed a huge number of discussions and interpretations of astrology in general, but of the astrology of Ptolemy's "Tetrabiblion" in particular. Many of the main proponents of Ptolemy's astrology in the Renaissance are known specifically to have owned or read the present Greek/Latin edition and refer to Camerarius' Latin version and to the original Greek text which had now become available for the first time

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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