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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1499

        Der sterbende Scipio (?) /Epaminodas inmitten seiner Feldherrn (?).

      . Aquatinta in Braun, nach einer Zeichnung von F. Ruviale, gen. Il Polidoro Caldara von Caravaggio (um 1499-1543), auf Bütten. 20,6:27 cm. Vorzüglicher, kräftiger Abdruck, auf die Umfassungslinie gescchnitten. Literatur: Nagler 50; Le Blanc 79; Ausst. Katalog: J. Kiermeier-Debre/F.F. Vogel, Kunst kommt von Prestel. Das Künstlerehepaar Johann Gottlieb und Maria Katharina Prestel. Frankfurt/London. Die Sammlung Dr. Walter Prestel, Schwelm. Memmingen 2008, Nr. 1050, Abb. S. 205.. Nach einer Schreinerlehre ging der Kupferstecher Johann Gottlieb Prestel nach Venedig, wo er Schüler von G. Nogari (1699-1763) wurde. 1767-1770 verbrachte er in Rom, um u.a. die Alten Meister zu studieren. 1770-1775 lebte er in Nürnberg, wo er 1772 seine Schülerin, die Kupferstecherin Maria Catharina Höhl (1747-1794) heiratete, mit der er gemeinsam eine Reproduktionswerkstatt betrieb, die zwar großen, aber weniger finanziellen Erfolg hatte. 1775 ging er auf Betreiben Johann Caspar Lavaters nach Zürich, um für diesen verschiedene Auftragsarbeiten auszuführen. 1782 zog er mit seiner Ehefrau gemeinsam nach Frankfurt am Main.

      [Bookseller: Galerie Joseph Fach GmbH]
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        [Op. 12]. Variations Brillantes pour le Piano-Forte sur la Ronde favorite "Je vends des Scapulaires" de Ludovic dédiées a M.lle Emma Horsford... Op: 12 Prix: 6 f

      Paris: Maurice Schlesinger [PN M.S. 1499]. [1833]. Folio. Disbound. 1f. (title), [i] (blank), 2-11, [i] (blank) pp. Engraved. Brandus et Cie facsimile signature handstamp to lower right corner of title. Light to moderate foxing; lower inner corners slightly dampstained. . First Edition. Grabowski-Rink 12-1-Sm (Plate 38). Chomi ski-Tur o p. 230. Kobyla ska (German) p. 31. Hoboken 4, 226. The theme is from the opera Ludovic (1833) by Ferdinand Hérold (1791-1833), completed posthumously by Fromental Halévy (1799-1862).

      [Bookseller: J & J Lubrano Music Antiquarians LLC]
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        [Op. 12]. Variations Brillantes pour le Piano-Forte sur la Ronde favorite "Je vends des Scapulaires" de Ludovic dédiées a M.lle Emma Horsford... Op: 12 Prix: 6 f

      Paris: Maurice Schlesinger [PN M.S. 1499]. [1833]. Folio. Disbound. 1f. (title), [i] (blank), 2-11, [i] (blank) pp. Engraved. Brandus et Cie facsimile signature handstamp to lower right corner of title. Light to moderate foxing; lower inner corners slightly dampstained. . First Edition. Grabowski-Rink 12-1-Sm (Plate 38). Chomi ski-Tur o p. 230. Kobyla ska (German) p. 31. Hoboken 4, 226. The theme is from the opera Ludovic (1833) by Ferdinand Hérold (1791-1833), completed posthumously by Fromental Halévy (1799-1862).

      [Bookseller: J & J Lubrano Music Antiquarians LLC]
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        [Op. 12]. Variations Brillantes pour le Piano-Forte sur la Ronde favorite "Je vends des Scapulaires" de Ludovic dediees a M.lle Emma Horsford... Op: 12 Prix: 6 f.

      Paris Maurice Schlesinger [PN M.S. 1499] [1833]. Folio. Disbound. 1f. (title), [i] (blank), 2-11, [i] (blank) pp. Engraved. Brandus et Cie facsimile signature handstamp to lower right corner of title. Light to moderate foxing; lower inner corners slightly dampstained.. First Edition. Grabowski-Rink 12-1-Sm (Plate 38). Chomi ski-Tur o p. 230. Kobyla ska (German) p. 31. Hoboken 4, 226. The theme is from the opera Ludovic (1833) by Ferdinand Herold (1791-1833), completed posthumously by Fromental Halevy (1799-1862).

      [Bookseller: J & J Lubrano Music Antiquarians LLC]
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        De antiquitate Judaica. De bello Judaico

      Albertinus Vercellensis for [the heirs of] Octavianus Scotus, Venice 1499 - Later vellum backed paper boards, wear at edges, inner hinge cracked. Top 1/3 blank section of title page repaired, early notes in Latin to title, scattered old notes and underlining, lacking leaves 254-56, 260 (with colophon on the verso) and the register and final blank. 257-259 loose, a bit soiled, and likely from another copy. Scattered minor toning and stains, generally very clean and with attractive woodcut initials throughout. [14], ccliii, cclvii-cclix (271 of 276) leaves. Despite its flaws, an attractive incunabula edition of Josephus, one of the most influential histories of antiquity. Size: Folio. Quantity Available: 1. Shipped Weight: 1-2 kilos. Category: History; Antiquarian & Rare. Inventory No: 045658. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Pazzo Books (ABAA-ILAB)]
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        Opusculum. spericum cum notabili commento atque figuris tertum declarationibus utillissimis

      Leipzig: Wolfgang Stöckel, 1499. Hardcover. Very Good. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. (50) ff., of which the last is blank and integral, with 28 woodcuts in text, 1 full-page, remainder ¼-1/2 page. A-C6, D4, E-G6, H4, I6. 39 lines per page, capitals and initial-strokes supplied in red and green. With extensive annotations and several sketches and diagrams throughout (including a particularly dense 32-line commentary on the mainly blank title page) in several differently-colored inks (combined in certain diagrams) and perhaps several different hands, all contemporary. Annotations dated on title and final leaf to 1506 with ownership inscription of 'Henrici Gruber'. Bound in 18th-century marbled papers over boards, some light toning and repair to one blank margin, otherwise a crisp copy. Very occasional close cropping of margins not affecting legibility. Rare Leipzig incunable of the Sphere of Sacrobosco with commentary by the Czech astronomer Wenzel Faber (Vaclav Fabri of Budweis). Produced for students at the University of Leipzig where Faber was Dean and Rector, the present copy has been copiously and comprehensively annotated from start to finish by a contemporary hand, quite possibly at Leipzig. While editions of Sacrobosco are frequently found annotated and have become a topical object of study among historians of astronomy, we have never encountered a copy so thoroughly and richly commented upon. It would be interesting to explore if the present volume had any connection to Faber's Leipzig teaching as well as whether some of the notes' content, as is frequently the case, was shared with other annotated copies. The dense annotations, accompanied by manuscript tables, additions to printed illustrations, and 31 well-executed sketches and diagrams, betray a reader bent on offering his own interpretation, extrapolation, and abridgement of the text. Both the inner and outer margins of our copy show strong ruling, indicating that they were expressly designated for the purpose of annotation. The student, who has dated his notes to the 1506/7 teaching year, offers remarks on reconciling the zonal maps (fols. 26r & 41r) with the T-O world map; the determination of equinoxes; a three-dimensional visualization of an eclipse, etc. The presence of several equations suggests a mathematically competent reader. Also of note are the frequent references to zodiacal charts and calculations; no doubt an important role of an astronomical education in this age was in the preparation of horoscopes, which had become a highly refined and technical art by the age of Regiomontanus. At least one manuscript hand has been at work in the book (which likely changed owners among an impecunious student body), and possibly two, both writing in an elegant script with large headlines in bold. Remaining the definitive work on astronomy throughout the Renaissance, Sacrobosco's Sphere provided the base for numerous commentaries, growing in sophistication well into the 16th century. Underwood (Science, Medicine, and History) notes that Faber's edition was often "extensively annotated" and "achieved a wide circulation" (p. 296). The 28 woodcut illustrations, including two world maps, first appeared in the Landsberg Sacrobosco of 1497, but have here been revised with woodcut type rather than letterpress. Thorndike (1949) devoted a volume to the various redactions and additions to the basic text of Sacrobosco evident in early manuscript copies of the work, but a complete intellectual stemma of later commentaries including the present one is still lacking from the literature. Wenzel Faber (c. 1460-1518) studied and then taught at Leipzig but eventually returned home to Budweis to take up a clerical position. He was best known for his published almanacs and astrological prognostications, which appeared in both vernacular and Latin editions. The present work first appeared circa 1495 and remained in print until circa 1520 (cf. ISTC).

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc.]
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        De inventoribus rerum libri VIII. Et de prodigiis libri III. Cum indicibus loclupetissimis. -

      In - 12. Legatura del '700 in marocchino verde, cornice dorata sui piatti, dorso con vari fregi oro, merletto dorato interno, tagli dorati, sguardie marmorizzate. Con un frontespizio allegorico inc. in rame. (38), 511, (1 bianco), (6), 100, (92), (2 bianche) pp.; esemplare particolarmente grazioso dalla celebre raccolta del bibliofilo americano Mortimer L. Schiff, con il suo ex libris in marocchino rosso impresso in oro. Apprezzata opera, pubblicata per la prima volta nel 1499, in cui lo storico e umanista di Urbino fornisce un interessante quadro delle conoscenze dell?epoca. Letteratura, pittura, medicina, geometria, astronomia, astrologia, magia, agricoltura, vino, olio, caccia, pesca, giochi, prostituzione, tipografia, sono alcuni degli argomenti trattati. Venne messa all'Indice. Willems, Elzevir, 1464. Simon, Bacchica, 676. A very attractive copy of this encyclopaedic and popular work, bound in 18th century green morocco, gilt spine, gilt border on covers, inner gilt dentelles and g.e., from the distinguished library of Mortimer L. Schiff, with his gold - stamped red morocco bookplate.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Rappaport]
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      Heinrich QuentelColonie. Heinrich Quentel. Rudolf Von Langen. 1499. Millesino quadringentesimo nonagesímonono. Piel con ruedas y dorados, bella encuardenación y muy posiblemente de alguien importante de la época. 21X14. Numeración paginas: 160h = aa8, bb4, c&8, dd4, a8, b4, c8, d4, e8, f4, g8, h4, i8, k4, l8, m4, n8, o4, p8, q4, r8, s4, t8, v4, x8, y ó z4. Libro de la Mujer Fuerte. Raríssimo Incunable con letra gótica y romana la mayor parte romana del Gran e Inteligente Albertus Magnus. Ref 30 Bbilioteca A.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Anticuaria Marc & Antiques]
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        Opera Ex Petri Victorii codicibus maxima

      Paris: Robert Estienne, 15[38]-39. - 5 Parts in 2 Volumes. folio. pp. 8 p.l., 288; 340 [i.e. 640], [6]; 416; 450, [1 leaf]; 158, [100]. 6 titles with woodcut printer’s device. several woodcut initials. 17th century calf, recornered & rebacked with gilt spines mounted (staining to p. 240 of second part, lower blank margin of title of 3rd part renewed, a few small round wormholes at beginning of Vol. II). numerous neat old ms. marginal notations & some scoring in first volume. Second Edition edited by Italian classical scholar, Pietro Vettori [1499-1585], elegantly printed in folio format by Robert Estienne. It is based on the Giunta Venice edition of 1534, with a few additional notes by the editor. The five parts comprise the rhetoric (Part I), the orations (Part II), the letters (Part III), the philosophical writings (Part IV), and Vettori’s commentary (Part V). Adams C1640. BM STC French p. 109. Brunet II 7 (incorrectly citing 6 Vols.). Moss I p. 291. cfRenouard p. 48 (citing 4 Vols. & different title). [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: D & E LAKE LTD. (ABAC/ILAB)]
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      Heinrich Quentel Colonie. Heinrich Quentel. Rudolf Von Langen. 1499. Millesino quadringentesimo nonagesímonono. Piel con ruedas y dorados, bella encuardenación y muy posiblemente de alguien importante de la época. 21X14. Numeración paginas: 160h = aa8, bb4, c&8, dd4, a8, b4, c8, d4, e8, f4, g8, h4, i8, k4, l8, m4, n8, o4, p8, q4, r8, s4, t8, v4, x8, y ó z4. Libro de la Mujer Fuerte. Raríssimo Incunable con letra gótica y romana la mayor parte romana del Gran e Inteligente Albertus Magnus. Ref 30 Bbilioteca A.. 1ª Edición. Encuadernación de tapa dura. Muy bien.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Anticuaria Marc & Antiques]
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        Miniature silver Terrestrial Globe mounted on a modern metal tripod Stand

      Germany A BEAUTIFULLY DETAILED SIXTEENTH-CENTURY MINIATURE GLOBE Diameter: 21/2" last quarter of the sixteenth century. This elaborate and finely engraved miniature globe shows an intricately detailed image of the world. The land shows mountains and rivers, named as profusely as space allows, and the small crowns denote kingdoms. The oceans are stippled and decorated with four sailing ships and three sea monsters. The globe is joined along the plane of the elliptic and holes at the North and South Poles originally held support pins. Several small texts are found, in particular in the Southern Continent below India, "Terra nove plane cognita Inventa Ao 1499" and by the Moluccas, "Insula nove inventa." The globe also names all the continents, Equator and tropics, the oceans and some islands. Modeled on the work of Johannes Oterschaden, this rare and beautifully engraved miniature silver globe was probably made to form a part of a globe clock or elaborate armillary sphere. Elements of Oterschaden's geography almost certainly derive from Francois Demongenet's terrestrial globe of 1560. It is likely that the globe makers met while working in southern France, Oterschaden for the Bishop of Comminges and Demongenet at Vejoul in Franche Comté. In addition, it seems likely that Oterschaden was also in contact with the German globe maker Christoff Schniepp and Willem Nicolai at Leiden because their globes seem to share the same source of geography.. Book.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        Fratris Hieronymi Savonarolae Ferrariensis ordinis praedicatorum de veritate prophetica dyalogus

      Antonio Tubini, Lorenzo de Alopa, Andrea Ghirlandi, Florence 1499 - Savonarole Jérôme (1452-1498) ~ Fratris Hieronymi Savonarolae Ferrariensis ordinis praedicatorum de veritate prophetica dyalogus A Florence, Antonio Tubini, Lorenzo de Alopa et Andrea Ghirlandi, 1499. In-4, 1 vol., reliure veau estampé, 56 pp., incunable. Les sermons qui accompagnent le changement de gouvernement en novembre-décembre 1494 et la force de la parole prophétique du dominicain donne sens aux bouleversements que connaît Florence : Florence a été choisie par Dieu ; sa rénovation politique et morale s¿étendra à toute l¿Italie puis à la communauté chrétienne tout entière, si bien que les infidèles eux-mêmes se convertiront. Mais cette prophétie est conditionnée : les hommes, qui ont le libre-arbitre, peuvent choisir de ne pas suivre les indications divines. C¿est pour convaincre les Florentins d¿aller dans le sens du dessein divin que Savonarole utilise l¿arme de la parole. Reference: Audin de Rians, E. Bib., 16 BM 15th cent. VI 694 BN cat. des incun., S-86 BSB-Ink S-127 Giovannozzi, L. Contributo, 56 Goff S-283 Hain-Reichling 14341 IGI 8690 Pellechet (ms.) 10326 Proctor 6430 Rhodes, D.E. Annali, 613 Scapecchi, P. Cat. Savonarola, 56 Walsh, J.E. 15th cent. printed books, 3032 [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Incunable]
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      . Zustand: Muy Bien Einband: Encuadernacion de tapa dura 1 Edicion. Colonie. Heinrich Quentel. Rudolf Von Langen. 1499. Millesino quadringentesimo nonagesimonono. Piel con ruedas y dorados, bella encuardenacion y muy posiblemente de alguien importante de la epoca. 21X14. Numeracion paginas: 160h = aa8, bb4, c&8, dd4, a8, b4, c8, d4, e8, f4, g8, h4, i8, k4, l8, m4, n8, o4, p8, q4, r8, s4, t8, v4, x8, y o z4. Libro de la Mujer Fuerte. Rarissimo Incunable con letra gotica y romana la mayor parte romana del Gran e Inteligente Albertus Magnus. Ref 30 Bbilioteca A.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Anticuaria Marc & Antiques]
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      [colophon:] IMPRESSI VENETIIS, PER IOANNEM ALUISIUM DE VARISIO MEDIOLANEMSEM, 1499 DIE XVIII MAIIITALIANO Legatura in piena pergamena cinquecentesca, dorso rifatto con titolo in oro, sguardie sostituite; ex - libris Piergiorgio Borio. 260 ff. Lunga frase di appartenenza al titolo. Edizione latina di un raro incunabolo. Numerose chiosature coeve ai margini. L'opera di Plinio è stata il testo di riferimento in materia di conoscenze scientifiche e tecniche per tutto il Rinascimento e oltre. Elaborando un gran numero di fonti romane e greche, Plinio ha evidenziato tutto il sapere della sua epoca, spaziando dalle scienze naturali, all'astronomia, l'antropologia, la psicologia, la metallurgia, la botanica e l'erboristeria. L'opera tratta delle terre abitate del mondo allora conosciuto, dall'Europa all'Africa, l'Oriente e l'Asia Minore fino alla Cina. Descrive accuratamente le proprietà curative e gli usi medicamentosi di piante ed erbe, di prodotti animali quali burro e latte, elenca afrodisiaci, droghe e psicofarmaci. Poche carte fortemente ossidate; modesta gora alla parte inferiore e laterale marginali di molte carte al primo terzo del libro; lieve gora al margine inferiore esterno del secondo terzo del libro; lieve gora all'angolo superiore laterale e al bordo inferiore dell'ultimo quarto del volume, più marcate alle ultime 30 carte; restauro al bordo superiore esterno delle ultime due carte. Altrimenti, esemplare fresco e marginoso.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Il Cartiglio di R. C]
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        Missale Hildensemense. Blatt CCXCIX (GWM 24451, CR 4157).

      Nürnberg, Georg Stuchs, 17. September 1499. Type 5, 6, und 11.. Zweispaltiges, 31-zeiliges O-Inkunabelblatt in schwarzem und rotem Druck auf festem klanghellem Papier mit Lederknoten als Blattweiser und Colophon. Blattgröße: 24,8 x 35,3 cm. Incunabula text woodcut leaf.. Georg Stuchs stammte aus Sulzbach in der Oberpfalz, lernte den Buchdruck in Nürnberg, wo er ab 1484 als selbstständiger Drucker tätig war. Seit 1490 widmete er sich überwiegend der Liturgica, die von ihm auf hochwertigem Papier sorgfältig gedruckt wurde. Das Hildesheimer Messbuch beinhaltet alle liturgischen Gesänge, Texte und Gebete, die für das Feiern der Heiligen Messe notwendig waren. Georg Stuchs druckte Messbücher für etliche Diözesen. Die verbindlichen Messriten wurden vom Domkapitel, hier für das Bistum Hildesheim festgelegt. Das Kolophonblatt können Sie unterfolgendem link online einsehen:

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Christine Laist]
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        Ordentliche Beschreibung deren ding so in namen des Durchleüchtigsten Fürsten und Herrn, Herrn Christoffen Hertzog zu Wirtemberg und Teckh, Graven zu Mümpelgart, etc. auff dem Concilio zu Triendt, durch seine gesandten gehandelt seind. Es seind auch hinzugesetzt die Copeyen, der beuelch und gleit, deren in diser beschreibung meldung geschicht, welche zu wissen nutz ist. (Tübingen, Ulrich Morhart d. Ä. 1553). LXXXIIII num. Bll., mod. Pbd.

      . . VD16 B 7897 - IA 124.510 - Köhler, Bibliographia Brentiana 245 - nicht in STC, Adams u. Knaake.- Johannes Brenz (* 24. Juni 1499 in Weil der Stadt; 11. September 1570 in Stuttgart) war maßgeblicher Autor des Württembergischen Bekenntnisses (Confessio Virtembergica), zu dessen Übergabe er 1552 im Auftrag von Herzog Christoph mit einer evangelischen Delegation, das Konzil von Trient besuchte. Versuche, offizielle Gespräche zu erreichen, gelangen jedoch nicht.- Stellenweise etw. fleckig, 1 Bl. mit kl. ergänzt. Eckabriss.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Johannes Müller]
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        Die Cronica van der hilliger Stat Coellen.

      Köln, Johann Koelhoff d. J., 23. VIII. 1499.. 365 Bl. (von 368). Mit koloriertem Holzschnitt-Titel, kolorierter Holzschnitt-Initiale und 368 Holzschnitten, davon 12 nahezu oder blattgroß und einer doppelblattgroß. Folio. Neuerer Lederband im Stil der Zeit mit reicher Schwarzprägung, 8 Messing-Eckbeschlägen, 2 zentralen Buckelrosetten und 2 ziselierten Leder-Messing-Schließen.. Erste und einzige Ausgabe; Druck in gotischer Type, 2 Spalten und 49 Zeilen; durchgehend rot rubrizierte Textmajuskeln. Die 2. Titelei (= A, identisch mit der ersten) fehlt; am Schluß fehlen 2 leere Blatt; die ersten 11 Bl. und die letzten 2 Bl. an den Rändern mit Japanpapier hinterlegt: einige Bl. mit schmalem Wasserrand am Fuß und/oder Bug; gering stockfleckig; etwas fingerfleckig; h4 mit alt hinterlegtem Randeinriss; 2 Bl. gegen Ende angerändert; einige zeitgenössische Marginalien; 5 wohl zeitgenössische Zeichnungen (auf K4, R5, a1v, f6v, q1); verso nn4 (= Kolophon) alte Glosse; ii2 - mm6 (= 24 Bl.) ca. 5 mm kleiner, diese Blatt angegraut, etwas fingerfleckig und mit Wurmlöchern am Fuß (geringer Buchstabenverlust) - möglicherweise sind hier bei der Neubindung 2 Exemplare zusammengeführt worden, denn abweichend wurden in diesem Abschnitt 2 Porträts koloriert. Mit dem blindgeprägten Leder-Exlibris eines H. Legel auf dem vorderen Spiegel (Motto: Moriturus te salutat). "Die Herausgabe der "Cronica van der hilliger stat Coellen" war in diesem Jahre <i.e. 1499> erfolgt, eines nach Ort und Zeit mit erstaunlichem Freimuth abgefaßten Buches, in welchem die Donner der Reformation schon von ferne heranzurollen scheinen. Diese berühmte und höchst werthvolle Chronik verdient auch als typographische Leistung, namentlich durch ihren reichen xylographischen Bilderschmuck, hervorgehoben zu werden. Das Wagniß mußte jedoch für den Verfasser (wahrscheinlich Johann Stump aus Rheinbach, Schulmeister) gleich wie für den Verleger verhängnißvoll werden und ihnen viele und mächtige Feinde zuziehen. Sicherlich war in Köln ihres Bleibens nicht mehr. (...) In Betreff der Chronik ist noch zu bemerken, daß die Ausgabe von 1499 die einzige ist." (J. J. Merlo in ADB 16, 419f) Die erste Ausgabe der ersten kölnischen Stadtgeschichte mit den später korrrigierten Bl. (kk5, t3, K3-5) im ersten Druckzustand; der bis heute anonym gebliebene und reformtheologischen Kreisen zugerechnete Autor der Koehlhoffschen Chronik übt sowohl an Klerus wie an weltlicher Obrigkeit Kritik, so dass das Werk schon 3 Monate nach Erscheinen verboten und eingezogen wurde. Nachrichten über J. Koelhoff d. J. sind spärlich: 1487 wurde er als Jurist in Köln immatrikuliert, 1491 betrieb er einen Lebensmittelgroßhandel, 1493 übernahm er vom Vater die Druckerei (bis 1502 etwa 30 Drucke), bis sich nach dem Verkauf der Druckerei seine Spur verlor (NDB 16, S. 319). Hervorzuheben sind die Illustrationen der Chronik: "Die ganze Anlage, die Anordnung der Formschnitte beruht auf der Nachahmung der Sachsenchronik; wir finden dieselbe Zusammenstellung von Porträtbildern, Wappen, Stadtansichten und historischen Darstelllungen, welch' letztere aber numerisch gegenüber der Mainzer Chronik zugenommen haben. (...) Die gemeinsamen Stilmerkmale der Holzschnitte deuten darauf hin, dass sie alle von Kölnern illustriert sind, was auch durch die zahlreichen authentischen Ansichten der Stadt weiterhin erhärtet werden dürfte." (L. Baer: Die illustrierten Historienbücher. Straßburg 1903, S. 189) Auf fol. 311ff befindet sich der erste gedruckte Bericht "Van der boychdrucker kunst", über ihren Erfinder ("eyrste<r> vynder der Druckerye <...> jonker Johan Gudenburch") und ihre Verbreitung. Die Marginalien des zeitgenössischen Lesers weisen hin auf Kometen, Erdbeben, Raserei (Massenhysterie), Sonnenfinsternis, allgemeine Teuerung etc.. GW 6688; Hain 4989; Goff C 476.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat am Moritzberg]
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        Expositio hymno(rum) cu(m) familiari comento. Köln, Heinrich Quentel 1499. 4°. 1 Bl., LXXVI num.Bll., 1 Bl., mod. Ldr.

      . . Hain-C. 6793 - BSB-Ink H-270 - Voullieme, Köln 607 - Goff E160 - Pellechet 4690.- Sammlung von Hymnen des Hilarius Aurelianensis (ca.1075-1150), Kanoniker von Le Ronceray.- Etw. braun- od. fingerfleckig, mit tls. umfangr. zeitgenöss. Anmerkungen.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Johannes Müller]
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        Pomerium de tempore. Augsburg, Johann Otmar für Johannis Schönsperger jun. 1502. Fol. 225 nn.Bll. mit großem Titelmetallschnitt.- Angeb.: Ders., Pomerium quadragesimale. Augsburg, Schönsperger 1502. Fol. 94 nn.Bll. mit (wdh.) Titelmetallschnitt; spätgotischer Kalbsldrbd. über Holzdeckeln mit 2 Schließen.

      . . I) VD 16, P 1181 - RMK III, 105 - Slg. Borda 8 - Zapf, Augsb. Buchdr. II, 8.- II) VD 16, P 1194 - RMK III, 106.- Sehr seltene erste Augsburger Ausgabe (erstmals 1499 bei Gran Hagenau gedruckt).- Pelbartus de Themeswar (1435 - 1504) war die größte Gestalt der ungarischen Predigtliteratur im späten Mittelalter. Zwischen 1489 und 1498 brachte er sein Hauptwerk, eine aus mehreren Teilen bestehende umfangreiche Predigtensammlung zu Papier, der er den zusammenfassenden Titel Pomerium (Obstgarten) gab.- Der große Titelmetallschnitt auf schwarzem Grund zeigt Pelbartus am Schreibpult sitzend, an den Ecken angesetzt sind vier Medaillons mit den Evangelien-Symbolen.- Kl. Fehlstelle im Titel u. Eckabriss v. Bl.36 ergänzt, kl. Fehlstellen im Rücken u. Schließen ergänzt, insges. sehr schönes breitrandiges Ex., Initialen in rot u. blau.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Johannes Müller]
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        Sextus decretalium cum certis additionibus Ioannis Andree

      opera atque industria Andree Thoresani de Asula,, In urbe Venetiarum, 1499 - Due parti in un volume di cm. 19, cc. (6) 245 (1); 123. Testo interamente stampato in rosso e nero, arbor consanguinitatis. Solida legatura coeva in piena pelle su assi di legno, dorso a nervi, piatti e dorso impressi a secco. Timbretto parrocchiale al frontespizio, alcune note coeve di possesso, abili reintegrazioni alla legatura, qualche macchietta, ma complessivamente esemplare genuino e ben conservato, purtroppo privo delle carte OO1 e l'ultima (bianca). La seconda parte, con autonomo frontespizio, titola: "Constitutiones Clementinarum" e porta in fine la data 1500. Cfr. Iccu. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Valerii Probi Gramatici De Interpretandis Romanorum Litteris Opusculum Feliciter Incipit. [De Interpretandis Romanorum litteris]

      Impressum Venetiis [Venice]: Per Ioannem De Tridino Alias Tacuinum [Joannes Tacuinus De Tridino], Anno Domini. M.CCCC.IC.Viiii. Die .xx. Aprilis [20 April 1499], 1499. 20 leaves, 197 mm x 150 mm, signatures in quarto: a-e, leaf d1 incorrectly signed e1, woodcut initials, full-page woodcut illustration of a Sibyl on leaf d2 verso, running titles in capitals, text in single and double columns. Expertly and sympathetically rebound in period bindng of aged full-vellum. Third edition of this guide to abbreviations used in official and historical texts of antiquity. It was also an invaluable aid in the interpretation of classical inscriptions during the Renaissance. The first appearance of the woodcut of a Sibyl. Goff P-996. . Full Vellum. Very Good.

      [Bookseller: Contact Editions]
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      Tübingen: Johann Otmar, for Friedrich Meynberger, 1499. FIRST PRINTING. Hardcover. Issued by the First Printer in Tübingen, with OwnersFamous in Incunabular Bibliography, American History. 216 x 152 mm (8 1/2 x 6"). 114 unnumbered leaves. Double column, 38 lines, gothic type. Part II, of IV. FIRST PRINTING. Antique-style modern vellum, covers laced through, flat spine with ink titling, top edge gilt. Very occasional contemporaneous rubrication. Front pastedown with book label and armorial bookplate of Walter Arthur Copinger; rear pastedown with bookplate of the Free Library of Philadelphia, indicating that the book was donated by P. A. B. Widener and exchanged as a duplicate in 1967. Goff B-662; BMC III, 703. Vellum slightly rumpled, a scattering of (i.e., about two dozen) tiny wormholes across the first two leaves (then rapidly diminishing and trivial by the third gathering), faint thin dampstain along gutter of last two signatures, otherwise a very pleasing copy, the leaves still fresh and consistently clean, and the harmless binding unworn. This is the original appearance in print of a series of sermons dealing with the feast days of the Blessed Virgin Mary, issued by the press of the first printer at Tübingen, our copy coming from the collection of a famous incunabulist. It is the work of one of the last of the Scholastic philosophers, Gabriel Biel (ca. 1425-95), who helped to found the University of Tübingen, where he served as professor of theology from 1484 until his death. He espoused a number of controversial opinions, including an opposition to state-ordered baptism of Jews and other "heathens." The sermons here cover the Immaculate Conception, the Nativity of the Virgin, the Annunciation, the Visitation, the Purification, and the Assumption, concluding with a general sermon on the Blessed Mother&#39;s life. Johann Otmar was active in Reutlingen from 1482 to 1495, working with Michel Greyff before opening his own press in Tübingen. After his time there, he moved on to Augsburg, where he died in 1515. Otmar was appointed printer to the University in 1498, and in that position he clearly established a close relationship with our author. According to ISTC, Otmar produced 27 books during his three years in Tübingen, and six of them were by Biel; Goff indicates just one incunabular edition of Biel printed by any other press (a second printing of a work initially brought out by Otmar). In a charming bit of cleverness unprecedented in our experience, Otmar provides the date of the completion of the present book by saying in the colophon that it was completed on the feast day of his namesake, St. Otmar (first abbot of the Benedictine monastery of St. Gall in Switzerland). The provenance here is notable. One former owner was the well-known incunabular bibliographer, author, jurist, antiquarian, and bibliophile Walter Arthur Copinger (1847-1910), a co-founder and first president of the Bibliographical Society. His great contribution to the study of early printing is the Supplement to Hain&#39;s "Repertorium Bibliographicum." Noting that this work "extends to upwards of 1,630 closely printed double-column pages," DNB says that the massive undertaking contains 7,000 corrections and additions to the incunables mentioned in Hain and almost 6,000 works not included by his predecessor. Copinger was also an ardent collector whose considerable library was rich in early printed works. Our copy was later given to the Free Library of Philadelphia by Peter Arrell Brown Widener (1834-1915), a financier and philanthropist who was a pioneer in American urban mass transit. His son George and his grandson, book collector Harry Widener, went down with the Titanic, after which Harry&#39;;s collection went to Harvard, where it became the foundation of the Widener Library.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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      [ Deventer]: (J. De Breda). Very Good with no dust jacket. [1499]. Hardcover. Small 4to 9" - 11" tall; Contemp. Blind-stamped calf over wooden bds, blind stamped &#39;LVT&#39; & dated 1593; edges worn, lacking clasps, rear bd detached. With woodcut title page. 185 leaves. 47 lines. 183 x 120mm - sheet size; 145 x 90mm. Rubricated throughout. Lacking colophon page. Early ink annotations on t-p & front free endpaper, incl. An inscription on t-p dated 1524, other marginal ink annotations. Dampstaining to foot of pages mii to v. Goff G-704- recording 2 copies; BMC IX, 74 (IA 47910) William of Aubergne ( c1180-1249) ; French priest and Bishop of Paris. Rubricated throughout in red. This work consists of the text of the Gospels and Epistles of the Roman Missal [all except those in the Propria Sanctorum. Provenance Theoderici De Galen, no doubt the same family as Bishop Van Galen. .

      [Bookseller: poor mans books]
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        Die Cronica van der hilliger Stat Coellen

      Köln, Koelhoff 23. VIIII. 1499. 34 cm. (12) Blatt, Blatt II - LVII, (5) Blatt, Blatt LIX - CCCXLIX (insgesamt 364 von 368 Blatt) mit über 350 kolorierten Holzschnitten (davon 1 doppelblattgroß und 11 blattgroß). Blindgeprägter Schweinsleder-Band der Zeit über Holzdeckeln mit 2 Schließen und 7 (von 8) Kantenbeschlägen - GW 6688 - Hain 4989 - Borchling / Claussen 312 - LGB2 IV, 273 - Erste Ausgabe dieses berühmten Denkmals altkölnischen Dialekts und bedeutenden Holzschnittwerkes. "Möglicherweise nach dem Vorbild der Weltchronik von Hartmann Schedel ist die Kölnische Chronik reich mit Holzschnitten illustriert" (LGB2). Exemplar des früheren Druckzustandes mit den im GW unter Anmerkung 1-2 aufgeführten Kennzeichen. Blatt 349 (Blattzählung: CCCXXXIII) ist im Neusatz vorhanden (GW, Anmerkung 3). Die zahlreichen Holzschnitte in schönem Altkolorit zeigen Ansichten von Köln, Könige, Bischöfe, Heilige und Wappen. Erwähnenswert ist das Kapitel über die Erfindung des Buchdrucks (Blatt 311/312): "Van der boychdrucker kunst". Demnach ist Mainz die Stadt des ersten Buchdrucks, "... doch die eyrste vurbyldung vonden in Holland uyss den Donaten, die daeselffst vur der zyt gedruckt syn". Aus der Bibliothek von Otto Hupp mit handgezeichnetem Exlibris, das erste Titelblatt ist als Faksimile in Handzeichnung von Otto Hupp ersetzt. Einband Schabspuren, im Deckelbezug stellenweise Wurmlöcher; Schließen und Fehlstellen im Deckel (ca. 10 x 5 cm) und Rücken oben durch neues Material ersetzt. Blattecken fingerfleckig, ab Blatt 320 am Schnitt Feuchtigkeitsrand, stellenweise handschriftliche zeitgenössische Marginalien; Register A2 im Rand ca. 4 x 1 cm hinterlegt, Register A5ro. Buchstabenverlust in 8 Textzeilen handschriftlich zeitgen. ersetzt (ca. 3 x 5 cm), Register A6 Einriß ca. 15 cm restauriert; L3 im Rand ca. 2 x 3 cm ergänzt; 3 Blatt (K8, K9, b2) aus einem anderen Exemplar ergänzt und ca. 5 mm kleiner, Blatt K9 und b2 die Holzschnitte nicht koloriert. Es fehlen: Blatt 13 (A1 = 2. Titelblatt), Blatt 366 (nn4, mit Kolophon), Blatt 367-368 (letzte 2 weiße); Blatt 365 (nn3) mit weißem Papier ausgebessert und Text nur fragmentarisch vorhanden. - Sprache / Language: Niederdeutsch -

      [Bookseller: Wenner Antiquariat]
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        [Epistolae ad Brutum, ad Quintum fratem, ad Atticum. ]Hoc in volumine haec continentur Epistola ad Augustinum Mapheum per Bartholmeum salicetu(m) Bononiensem: & Ludovicu(m) Regiu(m) Coreliensem. M.T.C. epistolaru(m) ad brutu(m) liber unus. M.T,C. ad Octavium epistola. M.T.C. epistolaru(m) ad T. Po. Atticum libri. xvi. T.P. Attici vita Cornelium nepotem. Pomponii laeti epigramma ad Augustinum Masseum. Alia epistola ad augustinum Maffeum per Ludovicum regium Corneliensem

      Venice: 1499, 12 June.. Folio. 310 x 212mm. Contemp. oak boards with leather backing, rubbing and restorations to spine, lacks clasps (front cover has leather remains), wormholes in covers; medieval vellum ms. used as binder?s pastedowns with central text and commentary; dampstain to upper inner margin at front an outer margin in rear; wormhole in text (some letters affected); ink burn hole in one of the added leaves at front; contemporary marginal annotations throughout; 8 leaves have been added (4 front, 4 rear) which have contemporary index in red and brown inks (7 of the pages are used); old institution number stamped at end with library mark removed, a few old stains.. 2 White on black decorated initials.Type 16:108R; Greek type 80 Gkb. The letters of Cicero are of a varied character. They range from the most informal communications with members of his family to serious and elaborate compositions which are practically treatises in epistolary form. A very large proportion of them were obviously written out of the mood of the moment, with no thought of the possibility of publication; and in these the style is comparatively relaxed and colloquial. Others, addressed to public characters, are practically of the same nature as his speeches, discussions of political questions intended to influence public opinion... In the case of both of these two main groups the interest is twofold: personal and historical, though it is naturally in the private letters that we find most light thrown on the character of the writer. In spite of the spontaneity of these epistles there exists a great difference of opinion among scholars as to the personality revealed by them, and both in the extent of the divergence of view and in the heat of the controversy we are reminded of modern discussions of the characters of men such as Gladstone or Roosevelt. It has been fairly said that there is on the whole more chance of justice to Cicero from the man of the world who understands how the stress and change of politics lead a statesman into apparently inconsistent utterances than from the professional scholar who subjects these utterances to the severest logical scrutiny, without the illumination of practical experience." [Evelyn Shuckburg, Letters of Cicero, 1909.] Cornelius Nepos (c. 100-24 BC) was a Roman biographer. Supposedly he was born at Hostilia, a village in Cisalpine Gaul not far from Verona. His Gallic origin is attested by Ausonius, and Pliny the Elder calls him Padi accola ('a dweller on the River Po, Natural History III.22). He was a friend of Catullus, who dedicates his poems to him (I.3), Cicero and Titus Pomponius Atticus. Eusebius places him in the fourth year of the reign of Augustus, which is supposed to be when he began to attract critical acclaim by his writing. Pomponius Laetus, ?Humanist, born in Calabria in 1425; d. at Rome in 1497. He was a bastard of the House of the Sanseverino of Naples, Princes of Salerno, but owing to his great admiration for antiquity and the Roman Republic he would not recognize them as connections. When very young he went to Rome and became a pupil of Valla. His brilliant capacities won him admiration and success. He wished to live the life of the ancients. His vineyard on the Quirinal was cultivated in accordance with the precepts of Varro and of Columella, and he was himself regarded as a second Cato.? [CE] Basically a reprint of Pincius? c1495 edition with the addition of a note to readers by Julius Pomponius Laetus. Goff C503. Hain/Copinger 5217*. Pell 3628. IBE 1594. IGI 2805. IBP 1522. Sajó-Soltész 992. Günt(L) 3561. Walsh 2470. Sheppard 4409. Bodleian C286. Proctor 5322. BMC V 499. GW 6862. BSB C324.050. ISTC ic00503000. Schweiger I,164.

      [Bookseller: Krown & Spellman, Booksellers]
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        Opera Ex Petri Victorii codicibus maxima&#133;

      Paris: Robert Estienne, 15[38]-39. 5 Parts in 2 Volumes. folio. pp. 8 p.l., 288; 340 [i.e. 640], [6]; 416; 450, [1 leaf]; 158, [100]. 6 titles with woodcut printer&#146;s device. several woodcut initials. 17th century calf, recornered & rebacked with gilt spines mounted (staining to p. 240 of second part, lower blank margin of title of 3rd part renewed, a few small round wormholes at beginning of Vol. II). numerous neat old ms. marginal notations & some scoring in first volume. Second Edition edited by Italian classical scholar, Pietro Vettori [1499-1585], elegantly printed in folio format by Robert Estienne. It is based on the Giunta Venice edition of 1534, with a few additional notes by the editor. The five parts comprise the rhetoric (Part I), the orations (Part II), the letters (Part III), the philosophical writings (Part IV), and Vettori&#146;s commentary (Part V). Adams C1640. BM STC French p. 109. Brunet II 7 (incorrectly citing 6 Vols.). Moss I p. 291. cfRenouard p. 48 (citing 4 Vols. & different title).. Hardcover.

      [Bookseller: D & E Lake Ltd. (ABAC, ILAB)]
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        Leonis Baptistae Alberti. Opera

      Florence: Bartolommeo di Libri, 1499. Hardcover. Very Good. 4to. [19 x 13 cm]. [52] ff., including three woodcut diagrams of the trivium on f. e6 v. Contains De commodis litterarum, De Iure, Trivia, Canis, and Apologi. Bound in old blindstamped calf. Very rare first edition of several of Alberti&#39;s most spirited works: a treatise on the uses and absuses of learning, one on law-specifically, the rules that should govern a good judge, another on the art of oratory; a cleverly-crafted essay in praise of his dog; and his collection of 100 short fables. These pieces, written between ca. 1428 and 1460, not only span Alberti&#39;s career, but also reflect the depth of his learning and humanist philosophy. In De commodis literarurn atque incommodis, Alberti disparages those who study only to gain professional advancement; the proper rewards of learning, he insists, are wisdom, virtù, and perhaps immortality. Leon Battista Alberti (1404-72) is generally accorded to be the first historical example of the uomo universale. Frequently compared to but rather eclipsed by Leonardo da Vinci, Alberti&#39;s accomplishments were in fact more varied and, in his own lifetime, more influential; Alberti&#39;s books were eagerly received and widely disseminated in manuscript. Educated at Padua and Bologna, he cultivated a wide array of scientific and artistic interests, achieving mastery of music, painting, sculpture, architecture, physics, mathematics, philosophy, and cryptography. Alberti&#39;s intellect and scholarly achievement impressed Vasari, who noted in the Lives of the Artists, "He spent his time finding out about the world and studying the proportions of antiquities; but above all, following his natural genius..." We have located only one American copy, at the Morgan Library. Incunable STC online lists no additional American copies. * Goff A-211; ISTC ia00211000.

      [Bookseller: Martayan Lan, Inc.]
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        Instruction sur les mesures déduites de la grandeur de la terre, uniformes pour toute la République, et sur les calculs relatifs à leur division décimale. [Bound with 21 rare pamphlets on the metric system].Paris: Imprimerie Nationale exécutive du Louvre, 1793-1798. First edition, first printing.

      A large collection of official publications on the metric system - including the true first edition of the official manual with theoften lacking plate. Norman 1499 (that copy lacking the plate), Dibner 113 (citing a reprint).<br/><br/> "The metric system was one of the few permanent social reforms that stemmed from the violent French Revolution. First proposed by Mouton in 1670, it is based on a decimal unit of length (meter), being one-millionth part of a quadrant of the earth through Paris. In 1790 the National Assembly appointed a commission to select a standard unit of length and the arc of a meridian between Dunkirk and Barcelona was thereafter measured. Another commission used the unit of standard length finally adopted in 1799, on which were based standards of weight and volume; the system became compulsory in France in 1801." (Dibner). "In 1793/94 (the French Revolutionary calendar year began in September), the Temporary Commission On Republican Weights and Measures published three introductory works to the metric system: the present work [offered here], which emphasized mathematics and theory; and 'abridged' introduction containing a shorter and simpler presentation of the system (see Norman 1504); and a précis of the system for distribution to the public. Instruction sur les mesures was also issued by several other French Publishers in the same year; (see Norman 1500-1503). Dibner, Heralds, 113 (citing the reprint [no. 1502])." (Norman). <br/><br/> The offered copy is fully complete with the engraved plate which the Norman copy lacked, and is contemporarily bound with 21 other rare pamphlets on the metric system (please inquire for a full list with collations of the pamphlets).. 8vo (215 x 135 mm), pp xxxii, 224, [28] and 1 frolding engraved plate with 6 figures, untrimmed, title page of the first item dustsoiled, waterstains in a few gatherings, contemporary orange boards, joints splitting but sound, head and tail of spine frayed, corners worn, letteres ms on upper board and on spine, including the date 'An 6'

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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      Basel: Johann Bergmann, de Olpe, 1499. First Printing of this Edition (with additions by Johann Bergmann and Sebastian Brant). 222 x 146 mm (8 3/4 x 5 3/4"). [118] leaves; Single column, 30 lines in roman type. PLEASING CONTEMPORARY BLINDSTAMPED CALF BY THE TRIER MATTHIASKLOSTER, covers with frames formed by triple blind rules, typographic banners (Schunke/Schwenke Schrift 334, 376) at head and foot of frame, the frame and central panel decorated with other floral tools and medallions of various sizes containing representations of St. Catherine (Schunke/Schwenke Heilige 46), the Agnus Dei (Schunke/Schwenke Lamm 72), crossed halberds (Schunke/Schwenke Wappen 66), pomegranates (Schunke/Schwenke Granatapfel 41), foliage (Schunke/Schwenke Blattwerk 573, 575, 576), rosettes (Schunke/Schwenke Rosette 574), and floral sprays (Schunke/Schwenke Blumentopf 10); raised bands, original brass fore-edge clasp, front pastedown a vellum manuscript leaf, ca. 1100, with an early form of neumes, rear pastedown removed but with remnants of manuscript text still visible. With five large initials written by hand in red. Goff B-79; BMC III, 797. Three tiny cracks to spine, head of rear joint with quarter-inch wormhole exposing band, joints a little worn, a couple of short worm trails, a handful of small patches of lost patina due to insect activity, but the contemporary binding still sound, with only modest wear, and generally very appealing. Isolated mild foxing, two pages with small inkblot affecting a couple of letters, other minor defects, but almost entirely A FINE COPY, unusually fresh and clean internally. Offered here in a fine contemporary binding by an identifiable workshop, Baptista Mantuanus' work on patience and meditation is particularly desirable because it contains at least obliquely medical content and one of the earliest references to the discovery of America. First printed in 1497 and intended primarily as a guide to spiritual practice for the author's fellow Carmelite monks, "De Patientia" includes sections on physical ills that might be sent to try the monks' patience and the medical cures for them. Also, in his discussion of the law of Christ, Baptista mentions "islands inhabited by man, also much larger than ours," which had been unknown to the ancients but had recently been discovered thanks to the efforts of the Spanish monarchs, this reference coming just seven years after Columbus sailed the ocean blue. These explorations had not been without their consequences, however, and Baptista, turning again to medical issues, notes the diseases introduced into Europe by the returning sailors. Baptista (1447-1516) was a poet, philosopher, and theologian who served as tutor to the children of the duke of Mantua and eventially became General of the Carmelite order. While the content is Carmelite, the binding is Benedictine: a number of stamps used here are attributed by Schunke and Schwenke to the Benedictine Abbey of St. Matthias in Trier, which operated a bindery from 1480-1520. According to BMC, printer Johann Bergmann de Olpe was "a priest and chaplain of the cathedral foundation in Basel" whose "earliest signed and dated books belong to the year 1494" and whose final work is represented by the present item. Unusually for an incunable, this work has its date printed in Arabic numerals on the title page.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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        Roman coin. Denarius.

      [Rome, AD 79-80]. 18 mm. diameter. Dolphin entwined around anchor on one side, and Draped bust of Tutus, turning right on the other side. An excellent, near mint specimen. 3,05 g.. Excellent specimen of the beautiful and rare coin that inspired Aldus Manutius' famous printer's device, the dolphin-and-anchor, the most famous logo in the history of book printing and the trademark of the Renaissance. The Aldus coin is the only book- or printing-related ancient coin in existence.Aldus Manutius, the most famous printer of all times, had been given a copy of the Titus coin, with the dolphin-and-anchor logo on the verso, as a gift by Pietro Bembo. He was extremely taken by the magnificent logo, that in Roman times, by Titus Vespasian, had been used to illustrate the proverb "Festina lente" ("make haste slowly"), and was so inspired by it that he began using it as his printer's device at the very beginning of the 16th century. Before it appears as his printer's device for the first time, he used it as an illustration in one of his most magnificent books, Colonna's "Hypnerotomachia Poliphili", 1499.In his "Adagiorum Collectanea", the collection of classical proverbs that he kept revising throughout his life, Erasmus Roterodamus had composed a lengthy essay on the "festina lente" proverb, which intrigued him immensely. Erasmus traced the motto back to the emperor Titus Vespasian, who had minted a coin with the emblem (i.e. the present coin), and had the rare opportunity to inspect that very coin - namely that which belonged to his printer, Aldus Manutius, who had been given it by the great Italian scholar Pietro Bembo. The second edition of Erasmus' "Adagiorum Collectanea" was published by Aldus in Venice in 1508, and Erasmus subsequently praises his printer to the skies in the course of explaining "festina lente". Erasmus explains the motto as such: "the circle as having neither beginning nor end represents eternity. The anchor, which holds back and ties down the ship and binds it fast, indicates slowness. The dolphin, as the fastest and in its motions most agile of living creatures, expresses speed. If then you skillfully connect these three, they will make up some such principle as "Ever hasten slowly", and adds that by claiming it as his own (recognizable and marketable) emblem, Aldus gave "fresh celebrity to the same device that was once approved by Vespasian". Not only is it "most familiar, it is highly popular among all those everywhere in the world to whom sound learning is either familiar or dear." Erasmus seems to also suggest that the device had perhaps become too popular: "the city of Venice, with its many claims to distinction, has none the less become distinguished through the Aldine press, so much so that any books shipped from Venice to foreign countries immediately find a readier market merely because they bear that city's imprint."And he might have been right. In fact, the Aldine press was so successful and renowned, and Aldus' printer's device as taken from the Titus Vespatian coin, so incorporated a symbol of elegant, correct printing and higher learning, that it was imitated by printers all over Europe. By using the dolphin-and-anchor device, other printers, although much inferior, would benefit from the authority and prestige of the Aldine press. In spite of Erasmus' attempts to make the public aware of this by praising the efforts of Aldus and opposing them to "those common printers who reckon one pitiful gold coin in the way of profit worth more than the whole realm of letters", publishers kept using the Aldus device for centuries. The coin is rarely seen is such excellent condition as here

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Libri Paraphraseos. In Posteriora Aristotelis. In Physica. In libros de Anima. In commentarios de Memoria & Reminiscentia. De Somno & Vigilia. De Insomniis. De Diuinatione per Somnum. Interprete Hermolao Barbaro...

      [On the final colophon:] Venice, Bartholomeus de de Zanis for Octavianus Scotus, 1499. [at the end of first leaf and of each section: Vale. Venetiis. 1480, except for the second last (de Insoniis, which says: Vale. Venetiis. 1478). Small folio. Nice, elegant late 18th century half calf. Binding with a few traces of wear. A very nice, clean, and fresh copy with just a bit of light dampstaining to upper margin of about 20 leaves. Numerous pretty, woodcut initials throughout. Woodcut printer's devise to colophon. Last leaves with tiny, barely noticeable wormhole. Contemporary handwritten inscription to title-page: "Ex libris advocati Dunis = 1480". (1), 115 ff. (pagination erroneous at end: 113, 116, 114). Without final blank.. The very rare second printing of Ermolao Barbaro's seminal Latin translation of Themistios' paraphrases of Aristotle's "Posterior Analytics", "Physics", "De Anima", "On Memory", and "On Dreams", a groundbreaking key text of the Renaissance, "which opened a new period in the interpretation of the Greek philosopher [i.e. Aristotle]" (Lohr, p. 25). The work was partly responsible for the development of Renaissance Aristotelianism and thus Renaissance thought in general. The combination of the fact that we here have the paraphrases by one of the greatest ancient Greek commentators of the key texts of the most significant philosopher of all times, rendered into Latin by perhaps the most significant translator of the period and printed at the most crucial time for the development of early modern thought, makes this one of the most significant philosophical publications of the Renaissance. There can be no doubt as to the influence that the present publication came to have on the development Renaissance philosophy. "The publication of Barbaro's translation of Themistius inaugurated a new period in the study of Aristotelian philosophy. In his version of Themistius' "Paraphrases" we encounter not simply a translation occasioned by contemporary controversies, as was often the case in the Middle Ages. Rather, Barbaro's version brings together a corpus of the commentaries of Themistius on Aristotelian philosophy: the "Posterior Analytis", "Physics", "De anima" and "Parva naturalia". (Lohr, p. 26).The first printing of the work appeared in 1480 (the same year stated at the end of each section in the present edition), and in 1499 this second printing appeared. Both printings are of the utmost scarcity and almost impossible to find. After these two incunable-editions, at least 9 new printings appeared before 1560, bearing witness to the great impact of the text, and in 1570 Hieronymus Scotos printed a new edition. "With reference to those works of Aristotle which were and remained the center of instruction in logic and natural philosophy [i.e. The Posterior Analytics, Physics, etc.], the most important changes derived from the fact that the works of the ancient Greek commentators became completely available in Latin between the late fifteenth and the end of the sixteenth centuries and were more and more used to balance the interpretations of the medieval Arabic and Latin commentators. The Middle ages had known their works only in a very limited selection or through quotations in Averroes. Ermolao Barbaro's complete translation of Themistius and Girolamo Donato's version of Alexander's "De Anima" were among the most important ones in a long line of others. When modern historians speak of Alexandrism as a current within Renaissance Aristotelianism that was opposed to Averroism, they are justified in part by the fact that the Greek commentators, that is, Alexander and also Themistius, Simplicius, and many others, were increasingly drawn upon for the exposition of Aristotle." (Kristeller, p. 45)."Equally important [as the recovery of Aristotle's "Mechanics" and "Poetics"] for the continued growth of the Peripatetic synthesis was the recovery and diffusion of the Greek commentaries on Aristotle... The most important of the two dozen commentators were Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ammonius, Simplicius, Themistius, and John Philoponus. Of these five, only Alexander and Themistius were Aristotelians..." (Copenhaver & Schmitt, p.68).Already in the Middle Ages, scholars had been aware of and used commentaries on and paraphrases of the key texts of Aristotle, but their knowledge of this was primarily based on some Latin translations and allusions, fragments, and summaries in the writings of the Muslim philosophers, e.g. Averroes. But with the emergence and translations into Latin of the ancient Greek commentators [Alexander and Themistios being the primary ones] and their paraphrases of Aristotle's texts, the Renaissance came to discover an Aristotle that would influence almost all thought of the period. The ancient Greek commentators not only had a much more thorough knowledge of classical Greek thought than would have been possible for a medieval writer, but they also had access to works that were later lost and through these ancient commentators rediscovered in the Renaissance. By the middle of the 16th century, almost all of these texts had been printed in both Greek and Latin, and these publications were of the utmost importance to the development of almost all Renaissance thought. "Their recovery, publication, and translation took some time, but almost all circulated in Greek and Latin by the 1530'ies. They do not cover all of Aristotle, but several treat such key texts as the "Organon", the "Physics", and "De anima", thus making them useful ammunition in such controversies as the immortality dispute provoked by Pietro Pomponazzi and his colleagues." (Copenhaver & Schmitt, p. 69).Among the most important texts in this tradition that influenced all thought of the era, were Themistios' paraphrases of Aristotle's seminal texts, in particular "De Anima", "Posterior Analytics", and Book Lambda (XII) of the "Metaphysics". "We possess part of his [Themistios'] early work, his "Paraphrases of Aristotle", the portion still extant being a somewhat prolix exposition of the "Later Analytics", the "Physics", the "De Anima", and some minor treatises." His paraphrase of the "Metaphysics", Book "lambda" [i.e. XII], was translated into Arabic (in century IX), and hence into Hebrew (1255), and Latin (1576)." (Sandys, I:352).There can be no doubt about the groundbreaking character of Hermolao Barbaro's translation into Latin of almost all of Themistios' paraphrases of Aristotelian texts. Not only was Themistios considered one of the most important renderers of Aristotle's text, but Barbaro was perhaps the most influential translator of the time. His translation of Themistios' paraphrases came to dominate, directly or indirectly, almost all Aristotelian thought of the high Renaissance (from late 15th century) and he was responsible for many of the most important and influential positions on the seminal question of the immortality of the soul that dominated philosophical thought at the time. "Through the first two-thirds of the fifteenth century, Pomponazzi's predecessors at Padua seem not to have used the ancient commentators, but philosophers of the next generation - most notably Nicoletto Vernia and Agosto Nifo - began to consult them in new translations by Ermolao Barbaro and others. Barbaro's charge that Averroes had lifted his doctrines of the soul from the commentators surely helped excite interest in them." (Copenhaver & Schmitt p. 69). See: Kristeller, Renaissance Thought and its Sources, 1979; Copenhaver & Schmitt, Renaissance Philosophy, 1992; Charles C. Lohr, "Latin Translations of the Greek Commentaries on Aristotle", in: Humanism and Early Modern Philosophy, Edt. byKraye and Stone, 2000.Graesse VII:112 (erroneously stating 1491 in stead of 1499); Brunet V:778; Hain-Copinger: 15464

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