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Autograph Letter, Signed, from President Grant to General William Tecumseh Sherman, Inviting Sherman to a Reception with a Delegation of Leading Chiefs of the Sioux Tribe]. Washington, D.C. June 6, 1870
- [4]pp. Mailing folds, minor edge toning. President Grant Invites General Sherman to a reception for Sioux Chiefs A congenial letter from President Grant to Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, inviting Sherman and his wife to join him at the White House that evening for a reception with the "delegation of the Indians now in Washington? The Cabinet and their ladies and most of the Diplomatic Corps with their ladies are to be present also. There has been no invitation sent to any one but those coming expressed a desire to be present. Yours truly U.S. Grant." Sherman has noted on the verso of the third page, "Absent at time of its receipt." In June 1870, President Grant hosted the Sioux tribal chiefs Red Cloud, Spotted Tail, and Swift Bear in Washington, one of many such meetings between Grant and Native American leadership, but one of particular importance. The three chiefs were the leaders of several sub-divisions of the Sioux nation, and those most inclined to seek a peaceful settlement with the encroaching United States. This meeting garnered a front-page illustration in the June 18, 1870 issue of Harper's Weekly , showing Grant shaking hands as he greets the three leaders. Grant's "Indian Peace Policy" met with limited success, and though the policy certainly embodied the cultural values of the era, in hindsight seems misguided. Tribes either agreed to go on reservations (as these three Sioux leaders did), or were pressed to do so. Sherman, serving as the Commanding General of the U.S. Army from 1869 to 1883, oversaw the enforcing of this policy. He pursued this with the vigor and ruthlessness he had applied to Georgia in the Civil War, developed a rather virulent hatred of those Sioux Indians who did not go onto reservations, remarking after Custer's defeat at Little Bighorn that "hostile savages like Sitting Bull and his band of outlaw Sioux.must feel the superior power of the Government." An interesting presidential letter at a key point in United States policy towards Native Americans.
      [Bookseller: Donald A. Heald Rare Books (ABAA)]
Last Found On: 2015-10-05           Check availability:      IberLibro    

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