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Photo Album - Lenin - Russian Civil War
Russia, 1918. Moscow, St. Petersburg [Petrograd], 1890-1923. Album of professional press photographs of Vladimir Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) active in his political campaigns for a unified global Communist government. Contains 68 black and white photographs many of which are large, 6 sketch illustrations printed in photographic format, and 1 newspaper clipping, each captioned in Russian typescript, mounted with grey corners onto grey cardstock leaves separated with tissue guard. Oblong folio album made in Russia, measuring approximately 41 x 30 x 4 cm, navy cloth boards, solid two-post binding. Photographs vary in size, the smallest measuring approximately 13,5 x 9,5 cm, and the largest 29 x 22 cm. Occasional creasing to corners or extremities, otherwise in Very Good Condition, a commendable photographic archive. With Communist reform at the international level as his mandate, the album mainly features Lenin's revolutionary efforts in Moscow and St. Petersburg during the Russian Civil War, illustrating his leadership of the Communist International congresses, and vanguardism indoctrination of the proletariat class. Most images are taken after the October Revolution of 1917, dating from 1918 to 1920, and several feature other important Communist revolutionaries collaborating with Lenin. Highlights of the album are as follows: In St. Petersburg 17 April 1917, only one month after the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, 15 March 1917, Lenin is speaking at the Petrograd City Conference of the R.S.D.L.P. (Bolsheviks). [Just before midnight on 16 April [O.S. 3 April] 1917, after transiting Germany in a sealed train, Lenin and his party arrived at the Finland Station in Petrograd.] Also in 1917, Lenin is seen clean shaven and donning a wig, having fled to Finland to avoid imprisonment by Kerensky?'s provisional government which had outlawed the Bolshevik Party. He secretly returned from Finland on 9 August 1917, disguised in this manner as a railway worker, and protected by Eino Rahja and Alexander Shotman. Several photographs of Lenin in Moscow in 1918, working in the Kremlin, speaking at political functions, and interacting with people on city streets. In January 1918 he is in Petrograd. Lenin and Yakov Sverdlov in Moscow, the year before Sverdlov's death, in November 1918 attending a commemorative event for the first anniversary of the Revolution; observing the temporary monument to Marx and Engels on November 7th; then in December 1918, speaking at a formal assembly. [Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov was a Bolshevik party leader, Chairman of the Secretariat of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks), and was involved in the killing of Tsar Nicholas II and his family.] A photograph of the First and Founding Congress of the Comintern, held in Moscow March 2 to 6, 1919, with 52 delegates from 34 parties present, showing Lenin with German Communist politician Hugo Eberlein and Swiss Communist Fritz Platten who is best known for having organized Lenin?'s return trip to Russia from his exile in Switzerland after the February Revolution. During the Workers' Demonstration in Moscow on labour day May 1st, 1919, Lenin is seen in Red Square conversing with V.M. Zagorski, secretary of the Moscovite committee of the Communist Party, and also with Anatoly Vasilyevich Lunacharsky, a Russian Marxist revolutionary and the first Soviet People's Commissar of Education responsible for culture and education. Lenin, Demyan Bedny, and Ukrainian delegate F. Panfilov, photographed together at the Eighth Congress of the Russian Communist Party, Bolsheviks, held in Moscow, March 18 to 23, 1919. [Demyan Bedny (1883-1945) once ranked among the Soviet Union's most famous authors. In 1912 he joined the Bolsheviks and began corresponding with V.I. Lenin, who eventually became a friend and supporter. After Lenin seized control of Russia in 1917, Bedny devoted his writing services to the Communists, granting him a position of considerable influence in the Kremlin, where he was officially regarded as the great proletarian poet.] Lenin with Marija Iljinichna Uljanova (1878-1937), Lenin's youngest sister, a writer, a leading figure in the Communist Party, and revolutionary activist, seen together in a crowd in 1919. A close-up view of Lenin saluting someone while at the Soviet leaders Red Square in Moscow celebrating the second anniversary of the October Revolution, November 7, 1919. Lenin and Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin at the first All-Russia Congress of Working Cossacks in the Trade Unions' House, Moscow, March 1st 1920. [Known by Soviet citizens as "Kalinych", he was a Bolshevik revolutionary and the nominal head of state of Russia and later of the Soviet Union, from 1919 to 1946. In 1920 Kalinin attended the Second World Congress of the Communist International in Moscow as part of the Russian delegation and took an active part in the debates.] Lenin in conversation with the prolific English author H. G. Wells, in the study of the Kremlin, October 1920. On April 7, 1920 Lenin delivering a speech at the Third All-Russia Trade Union Congress, where he talked about special tasks and special responsibilities in building socialism, to transition from war tasks, to tasks of peaceful economic development, etc. Five photographs relate to the 2nd World Congress of the Comintern, including Lenin speaking at the Moscow Congress 19 July 1920. The gathering, held in both Petrograd and Moscow from July 19 to August 7, 1920, consisted of approximately 220 voting and non-voting representatives of Communist and revolutionary socialist political parties from around the world. Regarded by many scholars as "the first authentic international meeting of the new organization's members and supporters," the gathering is also significant for the level of participation of Soviet leader V.I. Lenin, who participated in the affairs of the gathering more intensely than at any other, preparing a host of key documents and actively helping to chart the gathering's course. The famous photograph taken by Grigori Petrowitsch Goldstein (1870-1941), of Lenin addressing a large crowd of soldiers in front of the Bolshoi Theater on May 5, 1920. This is the edited version, an example of censorship of historical falsification common during the Stalinist regime, which has removed Lev Kamenev and Trotsky who were in fact in the foreground standing to the right side of the stage. In March 1921 he is speaking at the Kremlin, and attending an assembly of the Communist International. Lenin is also seen giving a lecture at the Communist International's Third Congress, held in Moscow June-July 1921, during which a notion was presented that the class struggle could be transformed into "civil war" and "openly revolutionary uprisings" when circumstances were favorable. A few images show Lenin with his wife, Nadezhda Konstantinovna "Nadya" Krupskaya, the earliest in 1918 being chauffeured with Lenin's sister and others, two in the autumn of 1922 when vacationing in the mountains, and the album's only photograph dated 1923, again with Lenin being chauffeured. [The couple met in St. Petersburg and began a relationship with the Marxist schoolteacher, who was also the daughter of a nobleman of the Russian Empire. They married in 1894.] Photographs relating to Lenin's earlier years show the house in Riga where in the spring of 1900 Lenin held a secret meeting to establish ties with Latvian Social Democrats, as well as Russian physician, philosopher, and revolutionary, Alexander Bogdanov, playing chess with Lenin on a holiday together at Maxim Gorky's villa in Capri, Italy, April 1908. Also included are a childhood portrait taken at Samara in 1890, photographs of Lenin in St. Petersburg dated from 1895 to 1897, and views from a house-museum to Lenin in Riga. Founded by Lenin, the Communist International, abbreviated as Comintern, was an international communist organization intent on overthrowing the international bourgeoisie to create an international Soviet republic... The Comintern had seven World Congresses between 1919 and 1935 and was officially dissolved by Joseph Stalin in 1943. Founded by the Bolsheviks, the sovereign state Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1917-1922), had as its first Head of Government, none other than Vladimir Lenin. The Russian Bolsheviks, headed by Lenin, believed that unless socialist revolution swept Europe, they would be crushed by the military might of world capitalism. The Bolsheviks fought in the Russian Civil War, during which Lenin's government carried out the Red Terror and advocated revolutionary amoralism. Lenin supported world revolution and immediate peace with the Central Powers, agreeing to a punitive treaty that turned over a significant portion of the former Russian Empire to Germany. The civil war resulted in millions of deaths. Red Terror was a campaign of mass killings, torture, and systematic oppression conducted by the Bolsheviks after they seized power in Petrograd and Moscow in 1917. Soviet historiography describes the Red Terror as having been officially announced on September 1918 by Yakov Sverdlov and ending about October 1918. Time Magazine named Lenin one of the 100 most important people of the 20th century, and one of their top 25 political icons of all time; remarking that "for decades, Marxist-Leninist rebellions shook the world. . Very Good.
      [Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts, ]
Last Found On: 2015-02-05           Check availability:      Biblio    

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