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THIRD CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES...AN ACT TO ERECT A LIGHTHOUSE ON THE HEAD-LAND OF CAPE HATTERAS; AND A LIGHTED BEACON ON SHELL CASTLE ISLAND IN THE HARBOR OF OCCACOCK IN THE STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA [caption title]
Philadelphia. 1794.. Broadside, 13 1/4 x 8 inches. Minor foxing and soiling, slight edge wear, old fold lines. Very good. An important Act passed by the Third Congress, authorizing the construction of the lighthouse at Cape Hatteras, one of the most prominent navigation landmarks on the East Coast. Though this act was passed in 1794, construction did not actually begin until 1799, and the lighthouse was not put into use until 1803. "The Cape Hatteras Lighthouse protects one of the most hazardous sections of the Atlantic Coast. Offshore of Cape Hatteras, the Gulf Stream collides with the Virginia Drift, a branch of the Labrador Current from Canada. This current forces southbound ships into a dangerous twelve-mile long sandbar called Diamond Shoals. Hundreds and possibly thousands of shipwrecks in this area have given it the reputation as the 'Graveyard of the Atlantic'" - National Park Service. "Approved - May the thirteenth 1794," and signed in print by Speaker of the House Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, Vice President John Adams, and President George Washington. Variant states of other acts of the Third Congress are known, and this issue is that which also has the printed lines, "Deposited among the Rolls in the Office of the Secretary of State" and "Secretary of State," and signed in manuscript by the second Secretary of State, Edmund Randolph. NAIP locates copies at the Library of Congress, Rhode Island Historical Society, and the American Antiquarian Society; OCLC locates just three more. Edmund Randolph became the second Secretary of State on Jan. 2, 1794, succeeding Thomas Jefferson, who resigned at the end of 1793. He continued the practice begun in the First Congress of the Secretary of State signing a small number of "official" copies of Congressional acts for distribution to the States and important government officials. After the Third Congress, official acts were no longer signed in manuscript by the Secretary of State. EVANS 27853. NAIP w028062. OCLC 20447408.
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
Last Found On: 2014-10-31           Check availability:      Biblio    

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