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ART DU CARTIER. [bound with] (CARDBOARD MAKING). LA LANDE, [JOSEPH JEROME LE FRANÇAIS DE]. ART DU CARTONNIER. [bound with] (BRICK AND TILE MANUFACTURE). DUHAMEL DU MONCEAU, [HENRI-LOUIS], [CHARLES RENÉ] FOURCROY [DE RAMECOURT], and M. GALON. L'ART DU TUILIER ET DU BRIQUETIER. [bound with] (BARREL MAKING). FOUGEROUX DE BONDAROY, [AUGUSTE-DENIS]. ART DU TONNELIER
[Paris: Académie Royale des Sciences], 1762. FIRST EDITIONS . Hardcover. 413 x 286 mm (16 1/4 x 11 1/4"). 1 p.l., 38 pp.; 1 p.l., 30 pp.; 1 p.l., 67 pp.; 1 p.l., 68 pp. Four works bound in one volume. FIRST EDITIONS. ESPECIALLY ATTRACTIVE CONTEMPORARY MARBLED CALF, raised bands, spine heavily gilt in compartments with unusual centerpiece composed of shell forms and drawer handles, and with intricate volute cornerpieces, red morocco label, blue paste paper endpapers. WITH 19 OFTEN VERY PLEASING ENGRAVED TECHNOLOGICAL PLATES: five in first work, one in second, eight (of nine) in third work (lacking plate VI), and five (of six) in the last work (lacking plate V). Brunet II, 618-19. Extremities a bit rubbed, with minor loss to fore edge of upper board, a mild marginal smudge or tiny rust spot here or there, otherwise A FINE COPY, the text and plates crisp, clean, and bright, and the original decorative binding very lustrous and showing no significant wear. The text and illustrations in the four works contained in the present volume explain the process of making playing cards, cardboard, bricks and roofing tiles, and barrels. Playing cards are surprisingly labor intensive, from producing the proper type of paper stock to painting the face cards using a series of stencils for the various colors of the design. Brickmaking was a newer industry in France at that time, and one of growing importance due to the shortage of timber for building. One of the plates illustrates an enormous furnace capable of firing 500,000 bricks at a time, an indication of the demand for the material. This is part of the "Description des Arts et Métiers," a series of 75 treatises published in more than 100 parts that, together, formed the outstanding 18th century work on handicrafts. Issued over a period of almost three decades, these works contain often splendid engravings of the industrial contexts of artisans making paper, candles, hats, playing cards, iron, sugar, wool, and many other products. Published at roughly the same time as Diderot's great "L'Encyclopédie," these volumes are larger than those making up that better-known publication, and the cuts here are even more striking that those in the Diderot, which includes some plagiarized illustrations taken from the present series. This ambitious undertaking, sponsored by the Académie Royale des Sciences of Paris, "constituted an effort to present a scientific picture of all the industrial processes employed in France in the 18th century. Since no corresponding survey was carried through in any other country at so early a date and since this one in France anticipated but briefly the industrial changes commonly associated with the phrase, 'the industrial revolution,' these volumes are worthy of particular notice. In a sense, they portray the maxima of skills attained at the end of a social period, the age of the handicraftsman." (Cole and Watts) Work on "Arts et Métiers" was begun under the auspices of scientist René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (1683-1757) and was brought to publication under the editorship of the multitalented French physician, botanist, and naval engineer Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau (1700-82), who also contributed a number of articles.
      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
Last Found On: 2013-11-30           Check availability:      Biblio    

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