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De Symmetria partium in rectis formis humanorum corporum / De varietate figurarum et flexuris partium ac gestibus imaginum
Nürnberg: Hieronymus Formschneyder, 1632 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. 1st Edition. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. De Symmetria partium in rectis formis humanorum corporum, Libri in Latinum conversi (per J. Camerarium). Nürnberg: in aedib. viduae Durerianae, 1532. Folio (313x206 mm). 80 unnumbered leaves (last blank), Dürer's woodcut monogram on title - [Bound with]: De varietate figurarum et flexuris partium ac gestib(us) imaginum, libri duo, qui priorib(us) de symmetria quondam editis, nunc primum in Latinum conversi (per eodem) accesserunt. Nürnberg: Hieronymus Formschneyder (i.e. Andreä) for Dürer's Widow, 1534. 55 (of 60, including 1 blank) unnumbered leaves. Both works with 145 full-length outline woodcut illustrations (4 folding) of human figures and human figures in motion, many diagrams of heads and other illustrations. Some spotting and mainly marginal browning, some dust-staining in places, few restorations, leaves E3-4 and M3-4 of first work supplied and somewhat smaller in size, leaves A3-4 and K2 trimmed in upper and lower margins (w/o loss). The second work is lacking leaves d3-4, e6 and f6 (both form the second part of a folding leaf and here supplied in facsimile) and the last blank. Recent vellum (stained, new endpapers) with Dürers monogram in manuscript to spine. ---- Adams D-1044 and D-1049; Fairfax Murray German Books 152 and 153; Bohatta 20 & 21 . - Two works in one volume in first Latin edition. "De Symmetria" comprises books I/II, "De varietate" books III/IV of the "Vier Bücher der menschlichen Proportion", the woodcuts are derived from the German edition of 1528. "These two works should, of course accompany one another, but they are often found apart and separately bound" (Murray). Unlike his Italian contemporary, Leonardo da Vinci, who published nothing, Dürer lived and worked in the world of printing and engraving. Dürer's treatise on human proportion was the earliest of the three theoretical works written in his later years. Dürer began formulating mathematical rules for the proportions of the human form soon after his first trip to Venice in 1494-5. For his mathematical formulations he drew upon the works of antiquity as well as the Italian rediscoveries; as for his other theoretical works, his goal was to establish a scientific basis for aesthetics and to provide practical guidelines for draftsmanship. "The book is the synthesis of Dürer's solutions to his self-imposed formal problems; in it he sets forth his formal aesthetic... Dürer's aesthetic rules are based firmly in the laws of optics--indeed, he even designed special mechanical instruments to aid in the measurement of human form. He used the height of the human body as the basic unit of measurement..." (DSB). Book IV is of the greatest interest as it presents for the first time many "new, difficult, and intricate considerations of descriptive spatial geometry... Dürer's chief accomplishment as outlined in the Four Books is that in rendering figures...he first solved the problem of establishing a canon, then considered the transformation of forms within that canon... In so doing he considered the spatial relations of form and the motions of form within space" (DSB)..
      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
Last Found On: 2013-08-13           Check availability:      Biblio    

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