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SIMON BOLIVAR LIBERTADOR PRESIDENTE DE COLOMBIA &&&. COLOMBIANOS! LAS VOLUNTADES PUBLICAS SE HABIAN ESPRESADO ENERJICAMENTE POR LAS REFORMAS POLITICAS DE LA NACION...[caption title and first line of text]
Bogotá. Aug. 27, 1828.. [1]p. plus integral blank. [with:] SIMON BOLIVAR LIBERTADOR PRESIDENTE DE LA REPUBLICA DE COLOMBIA...DECRETO ORGÁNICO...[caption title]. [4]pp. Folio. Old creases. Minor soiling. Very good plus. In a half morocco and cloth box, leather labels. An extremely rare broadside printing of Bolivar's declaration of dictatorial powers, addressed to the people of Gran Colombia, together with the DECRETO ORGÁNICO issued by him, outlining the organization of his new government. The two documents - bearing the same watermark, folds, and publication date - appear to have been issued together to the Treasury; a contemporary hand has written "Tesoreria" on the first leaf, and the wear patterns suggest that they have been kept together for some time. Simon Bolivar was already president and founding hero of Gran Colombia (present-day Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, and parts of Peru). In February 1827, with the nation floundering and on the point of fragmentation, Bolivar had proposed resigning his position as president, claiming he had no desire for dictatorial control. The Congress rejected his resignation. After a failed constitutional convention in the summer of 1828, Bolivar declared himself, by this decree, dictator for life, in what was intended as a temporary measure to maintain unification. In the first document, Bolivar addresses the "Colombianos," explaining his reasoning for the extraordinary measures granting him absolute power over the government. He also assures his countrymen that he will not remain a dictator any longer than necessary, but in the meantime pledges to "commit myself to obey strictly your legitimate desires" (in translation). The second document, the DECRETO ORGÁNICO, lays out six articles granting Bolivar absolute power. Both are signed in type by Bolivar. Though the text of these important proclamations was anthologized at an early date and has frequently been republished, copies are exceedingly scarce on the market. We were able to locate only one institutional copy of each, at the John Carter Brown Library. PALAU 32190. POSADA, BOGOTANA 1042.
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
Last Found On: 2013-08-01           Check availability:      Biblio    

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