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ANNAPOLIS ROYAL...ST. MARY'S BAY
London: J.F.W. Des Barres, in THE ATLANTIC NEPTUNE, Jan. 1, 1781.. 31 3/4 x 47 inches. Etching with roulette work, with added hand color. Printed on two joined sheets. On laid paper with "J Bates" watermark and "JB" countermark. Fine. A print from THE ATLANTIC NEPTUNE which charts the Annapolis Royal, with a coastal view of Gulliver's Hole and a descriptive text. THE ATLANTIC NEPTUNE was the first great marine atlas, and one of the greatest achievements of 18th-century cartography. Published in England in 1774, it contains over 250 charts and views of the North American and Canadian coasts. The charts are intensely detailed and contain both hydrographical and topographical details. The ...NEPTUNE was compiled and published for the Royal Navy by Joseph F.W. Des Barres, a Swiss cartographer who joined the Royal American Regiment as a surveyor. Des Barres fought in the French and Indian wars and was enlisted to survey the Canadian coastline. While his fellow surveyor, Samuel Holland, charted the New England coast, Des Barres mapped the shoreline of Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and the St. Lawrence River regions. In 1774, Des Barres returned to England where he compiled and published his monumental atlas. His dedication to the project was so strong that he published an updated version of the work every year until 1784. Des Barres' work was so superior to any other contemporary atlas that the maps were used as the standard charts of the East Coast for over fifty years. The ...NEPTUNE remains one of the most important atlases ever printed. Its views and maps chart the history of North America and allow us to glimpse a forgotten land long changed by the passage of time. This chart is an excellent 18th- century record of the first settlement in Canada. In 1605, two years before the first permanent British settlement at Jamestown, three years before the founding of Quebec, and fifteen years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth, a small party of French explorers, led by Sieur de Monts, established Port Royal as the first settlement in Canada. The settlement was later renamed Annapolis Royal, which is the name assigned to it in Des Barres' chart. Spendlove, "J.F.W. Des Barres and The Atlantic Neptune" in THE FACE OF EARLY CANADA, pp.18-22. Debard, "The Family Origins of Joseph Fredericks Wallet Des Barres: A Riddle Finally Solved" in NOVA SCOTIA HISTORICAL REVIEW, Vol. 14, No. 2 (1994), p.15.
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
Last Found On: 2013-07-26           Check availability:      Biblio    

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