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Maris Pacifici (quod vulgo Mar del Zur)Ö
Antwerp,: Plantin, 1589.. Engraved map, 435 x 560 mm., original hand-colouring, small tear with old paper repair to original central fold, some toning, a few marks and stains, but in very good condition; framed. A very good copy, with original hand-colouring, of the first printed map to be devoted solely to the Pacific. The map includes a vast southern continent, which stretches from a peak right below New Guinea all the way to connect with the southern shores of the Straits of Magellan.The map has many firsts: it is the first to name North and South America separately, and the first to shift the islands of New Guinea and Japan away from the American coast, thus stretching the Pacific into a more realistic shape. The map is also particularly good regarding Spanish America, with interesting details of the entire west coast of South America, Central America, California, and stretching north towards what is now Alaska. The width of America has been considerably corrected, so that it is now quite narrow across the Tropic of Capricorn; as Wagner points out, this has the effect of moving the peninsula of California, correctly, to the east.Ortelius used Spanish and Portuguese manuscript maps to correct many contemporary misconceptions about the Americas, although it remains unclear what his sources were for some of the other corrections. The absence of inland detail such as topographic features and the names of towns may reflect the Flemish cartographer's reliance upon portolan charts for inspiration. Yet it is rich in coastal detail, and especially the treatment of the west coast of the Americas and the islands of east Asia.The southern continent that fills the lower portion of the map incorporates Tierra del Fuego, but otherwise remains vast and mysterious. Ortelius celebrates the circumnavigation of Magellan with a beautiful and highly detailed engraving of his galleon Victoria situated off the coast of Peru, and the hypothetical southern land is named for the great circumnavigator but noted as still unexplored, "Terra Australis sive Magellanica nondum detecta".See also catalogue number xx for Ortelius' map of South-east Asia.Burden, 'Mapping of North America', 74; Suarez, Shedding the Veil, 35; Van den Broecke, Ortelius Atlas Maps, 12.
      [Bookseller: Hordern House Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2013-07-26           Check availability:      Biblio    

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