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PORCUPINE'S GAZETTE AND UNITED STATES DAILY ADVERTISER
Philadelphia. March 29, 1797 - March 20, 1799.. Folio newspapers, printed in four columns. A discontinuous run of 147 issues, beginning with Number 22 (March 29, 1797) and concluding with Number 635 (March 20, 1799). Each issue consists of [4]pp. Several issues bear a contemporary ownership signature of "Mr. Kinney" or "Capt. Kinney." Plus one issue of CLAYPOOLE'S AMERICAN DAILY ADVERTISER; two issues of the TRUE AMERICAN COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER; and one issue of the PHILADELPHIA GAZETTE & UNIVERSAL DAILY ADVERTISER from the same time period bound in. Folio. Contemporary marbled boards, expertly rebacked, retaining the original gilt morocco label. Boards scuffed. An occasional stain or fox mark, light even tanning. Some twenty issues have from 2- to 6-inch tears in the edge or center of the text, resulting in loss. A few issues trimmed close at the upper edge or foredge, with slight loss. Overall, in good condition. A significant assemblage of William Cobbett's important and controversial - but short-lived - daily newspaper, PORCUPINE'S GAZETTE. The numbers in this volume represent about twenty percent of the complete run of the newspaper, which lasted for 770 issues. Cobbett (1763- 1835), the legendarily prolific, controversial (often contradictory), and anti- authoritarian polemicist, often wrote under the pen-name of "Peter Porcupine." In 1796, a few years after he arrived in the United States, he began a monthly periodical called THE POLITICAL CENSOR, which he used to snipe at his political opponents - usually those of a pro-French or Jeffersonian-Republican sentiment. The CENSOR ran until March 1797, when it was replaced with PORCUPINE'S GAZETTE, a daily newspaper. The first issue appeared on March 4, 1797, the day John Adams was inaugurated President, with a subscription base of about one thousand, which more than doubled within a few months. By November 1797, Cobbett was printing 3,000 copies a day. A weekly German-language version was published in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in 1798 and 1799, and a thrice- weekly edition called THE COUNTRY PORCUPINE also ran in those years. Cobbett used the newspaper to support the Federalist party and to rail against the French and their American supporters during the period of increased tensions between the United States and France generally known as the "Quasi War." His contentious articles thrived in the politically charged atmosphere, though Cobbett often found himself on the receiving end of libel suits. The newspaper is filled with articles on national and local politics, foreign policy, news from Europe, economics, and advertisements for Cobbett's other works. Aside from its tremendous political importance, PORCUPINE'S GAZETTE is also a rich source of information on daily life in Philadelphia, with each issue containing commercial ads and notices, reports of arrivals in the port of Philadelphia, local prices for goods, advertisements for schools and doctors, and much more. The demise of the paper was hastened when Cobbett lost a $5,000 libel judgment brought against him by Dr. Benjamin Rush, whom Cobbett had attacked for Rush's actions during an outbreak of Yellow Fever in Philadelphia. The case was adjudicated by a Pennsylvania judge whom Cobbett had also criticized. Cobbett suspended publication of the GAZETTE in late August 1799, followed by a few weekly issues that fall, and a final New York issue of January 13, 1800. A significant run of an important Federalist- era periodical, produced by one of the most controversial polemicists in American history. PEARL, WILLIAM COBBETT 28. GAINES, WILLIAM COBBETT 30. BRIGHAM, pp.946-47.
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
Last Found On: 2013-07-26           Check availability:      Biblio    

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