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THIRD CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES...RESOLVED...THAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES BE AUTHORIZED TO DIRECT CLEARANCES TO BE GRANTED TO ANY SHIP OR VESSELS BELONGING TO CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES...BOUND...FOR ANY PORT BEYOND THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE
[Philadelphia. 1794].. Broadside, 13 1/4 x 8 inches. Very minor foxing and tanning. Near fine. The official printing of a Congressional resolution relating to international commerce and the first American embargo during the war between France and Great Britain. Both nations maintained they had the right to seize neutral vessels carrying to either party, making American ships subject to attacks by both. In March 1794, responding to the 1793 British Orders in Council authorizing this and the French closure of the Bordeaux ports, President Washington asked Congress to pass a one-month embargo on all foreign shipping, which was extended in April. In order not to interfere with the East India trade, both Randolph and Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton recommended that the President be authorized to grant specific passports as exceptions. The present resolution authorizes the President to grant clearances for currently loaded American ships to sail with their goods, provided they only unload cargo beyond the Cape of Good Hope. "Approved - May the seventh 1794," and signed in print by Speaker of the House Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, Vice President John Adams, and President George Washington. This issue is a variant of Evans 27882, having the printed lines "Deposited among the Rolls in the Office of the Secretary of State" and "Secretary of State" and signed in manuscript by the second Secretary of State Edmund Randolph. OCLC locates one copy of this issue, at the Library Company of Philadelphia. Scarce in either format, and particularly rare with the signature of the Secretary of State. Edmund Randolph became the second Secretary of State on Jan. 2, 1794, succeeding Thomas Jefferson, who resigned at the end of 1793. He continued the practice begun in the First Congress of the Secretary of State signing a small number of "official" copies of Congressional acts for distribution to the States and important government officials. After the Third Congress, official acts were no longer signed in manuscript by the Secretary of State. EVANS 27882 (ref). NAIP w010532 (ref). OCLC 316509623.
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
Last Found On: 2013-07-20           Check availability:      Biblio    

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