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America Septentrionalis
Amsterdam: Jansson, [1641]. Copper-engraved map, full period hand- colouring. 22 5/8 x 25 inches. Hondius' important map of North America, here with glorious full period hand colouring. "Henricus Hondius' beautifully engraved map of North America had greater influence than any other to date in perpetuating the theory of California as an island ... Cartographically, this map is a careful composition of many different sources and illustrates well the current state of knowledge" (Burden). The mapping of the East coast of America is striking given the early date of the map. Fort Orange, the primary trading post on the Hudson (North River then), later to be Albany, is located. Further south, from the Chesapeake through the Gulf the map shows the benefits of the work of de Laet and Hessel Gerritz. In the north, the greatly mis-located Hudson's Bay includes recent discoveries by Thomas James, who explored the west coast of the Bay, in search of a westward passage in 1633. Henricus Hondius was the son of the engraver and mapmaker Jodocus Hondius. Henricus continued the family's cartographical business in partnership with Jan Jansson, his brother-in-law. Mapmaking was more often than not a family enterprise in Amsterdam and in Paris in the 17th century. The firm was active under one family member or another for nearly the entire 17th century. This was the period of Dutch supremacy at sea, when, having supplanted the Portuguese in India, central Africa and northeastern Brazil, the Dutch were the prime carriers of spices, silks, furs, tobacco, sugar and slaves. It was not in the nature of things that this predominance could last very long, if only because the Netherlands is a very small country. But until the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 1660s and 70s, the Dutch were supreme, and the making of maps was a form of nationalistic journalism. First issued in 1636, the map appeared unchanged in various editions of the Hondius/Jansson atlas throughout much of the century. This copy an example of Burden's second state, with Jansson's imprint added. "Jansson was an extremely influential publisher and this depiction of the continent indicated the best that was known, as well as the great amount that remained unknown" (Martin & Martin). Burden, The Mapping of North America I: 245 (state 2); McLaughlin, The Mapping of California as an Island 6; Goss, The Mapping of North America 30; McCorkle, America Emergent 13; Tooley, "California as an Island," 311 in Tooley, The Mapping of America; Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America 330, Lowery 128; Martin & Martin, Mapping of Texas and the Southwest, p. 79, plate 8.
      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2013-07-20           Check availability:      Biblio    


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