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America Septentrionalis
Amsterdam: Valk and Schenk, [circa 1694]. Copper-engraved map, full period hand-colouring. 18 1/2 x 24 inches. Rare issue of Hondius' important map of North America, here with full period hand colouring. "Henricus Hondius' beautifully engraved map of North America had greater influence than any other to date in perpetuating the theory of California as an island ... Cartographically, this map is a careful composition of many different sources and illustrates well the current state of knowledge" (Burden). Henricus Hondius was the son of the engraver and mapmaker Jodocus Hondius. Henricus continued the family's cartographical business in partnership with Jan Jansson, his brother-in-law. Mapmaking was more often than not a family enterprise in Amsterdam and in Paris in the 17th century. The firm was active under one family member or another for nearly the entire 17th century. This was the period of Dutch supremacy at sea, when, having supplanted the Portuguese in India, central Africa and northeastern Brazil, the Dutch were the prime carriers of spices, silks, furs, tobacco, sugar and slaves. It was not in the nature of things that this predominance could last very long, if only because the Netherlands is a very small country. But until the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 1660s and 70s, the Dutch were supreme, and the making of maps was a form of nationalistic journalism. First issued in 1636, the map appeared unchanged in various editions of the Hondius/Jansson atlas throughout much of the century. In 1694, "Petrus Schenk acquired all of the Atlas Major plates at public auction ... and began issuing the map with his own imprint. This last state is uncommon" (Burden). Beyond the change in imprint, this last issue is notable for the addition of hachured lines dividing the claims of France, Spain and England and with the hand-colouring reflecting those boundaries, which were quite changed from the preceding issues. This copy with glorious full contemporary hand colouring. Burden, The Mapping of North America 245 (state 3); McLaughlin, The Mapping of California as an Island 6; Goss, The Mapping of North America 30.
      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2013-07-20           Check availability:      Biblio    

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