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The United States of North America: with the British Territories, and those of Spain
[London]: Wm. Faden, 1809. Copper-engraved map, with full original colour, in excellent condition apart from repair to center fold. 22 x 27 1/2 inches. The seventh issue of one of the most important early maps of the United States Faden's sequence of maps of the United States represents one of the most important cartographic depictions of the newly independent republic. The present map is the seventh issue of the fourteen total appellations (including the parent plan and thirteen subsequent issues). The Faden sequence comprises a fascinating series of historical documents regarding the political development of the United States, each issue capturing a distinct stage in America's transformative change. The map does not acknowledge the recent admission of the State of Ohio (1803), though the process of territorial development is noted in "The Seven Ranges" and "Army Land" in the southeast corner of the state, where Thomas Hutchins established the wisdom of using right angles and grids to establish governmental and proprietorial entities, the system that would overlay most of America's future territory. Various private and public plans are underway throughout the southern halves of Ohio and the future Indiana and Illinois. For example, an enterprise that was headed by "Colonel Simmes [sic]," in western Ohio. John Cleves Symmes (1742-1814), an eccentric New Jersey magistrate, who had contributed to the Continental Army, and who later wrote a book which theorized that the interior of the earth was both hollow and inhabitable, and could be entered through the poles. The map is helpfully colored to designate, as his previous maps had, the rulership of the various parts. Now the list consists of Great Britain, Spain, France (really just cod fishing rights of the western coast of Newfoundland) and the United States, whose responsibilities now include the Louisiana Territory. Faden also designated purple regions that represent, "The Aborigines or Indians, and Boundaries of the Lands they have Granted". The purple regions tellingly assert the rapid spread of the white settlers including all the Great Lakes and cutting through New York, Pennsylvania and south through Georgia. Clearly, the British supposition and hope that the Americans would be confined to the Atlantic seaboard was false. Faden elected to present the extreme British conception of the border in northern Maine, (whose northern boundary disputes would continue well into the 19th century) and in the northwest, the border was supposed to run west to the source of the Mississippi, when in reality the source was located well to the south. The map also features "The Twenty Leagues Line" located off of the east coast that marked the exclusive maritime jurisdiction of the United States. The composition is completed by an especially finely engraved title cartouche which depicts scenes of commerce in the prosperous new nation. Stevens & Tree, "Comparative Cartography," 80 (g) in Tooley "The Mapping of America." Not in Phillips.
      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2013-07-19           Check availability:      Biblio    

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