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Autograph order, signed by [Antonio] Simões Silva, Police Chief of Rio de Janeiro, for the expulsion of Arcenio P.P. de Castro, a Portuguese subject, from the Empire of Brazil. On paper, in Portuguese.
, @, Dated 2 July 1849. - Single sheet (15.2 x 19 cm.), unbound. Ten lines written in ink, in a large, sprawling, legible hand that matches the name of Simões Silva at the end of the document. Foldlines. Light browning. Overall very good. (1 l.) *** Antonio Simões da Silva was chief of police in Rio de Janeiro during the 1840s. At the time, summary deportation was the preferred method for dealing with foreigners who committed crimes in Brazil. After 1841 the chief of police could order expulsions on his own authority, without any formal charges. During a relatively short period in 1849, Simões da Silva is said to have ordered the deportation of 13 Portuguese, one Austrian, and one Chilean, stating that they were of "terrible habits, incorrigible, drunks, and troublemakers who had been convicted and served jail time for various crimes" (Holloway p. 186). The particular crime committed by Castro is not stated.*** On the expulsion of foreign criminals from Rio de Janeiro, see Rosana Barbosa, Immigration and Xenophobia: Portuguese Immigrants in Early 19th Century Rio de Janeiro (2009), p. 89; and Thomas H. Holloway, Policing Rio de Janeiro: Repression and Resistance in a Nineteenth-Century City (1993).
      [Bookseller: Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2018-01-10           Check availability:      AbeBooks    


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