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Recherches sur la probabilité des jugements en matière criminelle et en matière civile
Paris Bachelier, 1837 - 4 . (262 x 205 mm). (4) IX (3) 415 Seiten. Halblederband der Zeit. Berieben und bestoßen, stellenweise leicht stockfleckig. Einband etwas fleckig und bestoßen. Innendeckel mit Ex Libris: Spearman Collection National institute of Industrial Psychology. Titel rückseitig gestempelt, Wellcome Library. Erste Ausgabe seines Hauptwerkes zur Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung. Poisson (1781-1840), Schüler von Laplace, war Professor für Mathematik und Physik an der École Polytechnique in Paris. Als Mathematiker arbeitete er auf vielen Gebieten, unter anderem auch auf dem der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung.- DSB 15, 480. The Poisson distribution Première édition, rare. "Poisson's major work on probability was a book, Recherche., published in 1837. The book was in large part a treatise on probability theory after the manner of Laplace, with an emphasis on the behavior of means of large numbers of measurements. The latter portion (p. 318-415) dealt with the subject matter of the title. Some of this material was taken from memoirs Poisson published in the two preceding years. Only a charitable moderne reading could identify a new concept in the work ; yet the book contains the germ of the two things now most commonly associated with the Poisson's name. The first of these is the probability distribution now commonly called the Poisson distribution. In a section of the book concerned with the form of the binomial distribution for large numbers of trials, Poisson does in fact derive this distribution in its cumulative forme, as a limit to the binomial distribution when the chance of a success is very small. The distribution appears on only one page in all of Poisson'qs work (here, p. 206). The second most common appearance of Poisson's name in moderne literature is in connection with a generalization of the Bernoulli law of large numbers." (Stigler) "Significant for the author's participation in an important contemporary debate. The legitimacy of the application of the calculus to areas relating to the moral order, that is to say within the broad area of what is now called the humanistic sciences, was bitterly disputed beginning in 1820 in politically conservative circles [.] Poission was bold enough to take pen in hand to defend the universality of the probabilistic thesis and to demonstrate the conformability to the order of nature of the regularities that the calculus of probability, without recourse to hidden causes, reveals when things are subjected to a great number of observations" Stigler, The History of Statistics, pp. 182-183 ; DSB, Suppl., pp. 489. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Thomas Mertens]
Last Found On: 2017-11-22           Check availability:      ZVAB    


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