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Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile.
Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1863 - Octavo. Original reddish-brown cloth, title gilt to the spine, blind panelling to the boards and gilt block of the King of Uganda to the front, bottom edge untrimmed, green coated endpapers, binder's ticket of Edmonds & Remnants to rear pastedown. Complete with the publisher's advertisements to rear. Trivial rubbing to tips and headcaps, pale offsetting to title page, very occasional light spotting, advertisements browned. An excellent copy, the binding tight, the publisher's cloth notably clean and fresh. Photogravure portrait frontispiece, one other similar portrait, 24 further engraved plates and 46 illustrations to the text, mostly after Speke or Grant, and 2 maps, one full-page, the other folding in an end-pocket. First edition, a bright, entirely unrestored copy of a book often encountered damaged or recased owing to the heavy text-block. Dispatched by Burton from Tabora to verify reports of a large body of water to the north of Lake Tanganyika, Speke made the discovery of Victoria Nyanza on 3 August 1858 and immediately pronounced it to be the source of the Nile. Once back in London the strained relationship between the two explorers was finally sundered by the acclaim greeting Speke's discovery. In 1860 Speke returned to Africa to confirm his conclusions and eventually located "the point where the Nile issues from Lake Victoria which he named Ripon Falls. This was the crowning moment of the expedition and of Speke's career" (ODNB). Unfortunately Speke's wounded companion James Grant had returned northward, so the discovery was unverified; nor did the party follow the Nile stream closely as they travelled north to Bunyoro, allowing critics to question whether Speke's river really was the Nile. On his return to London Speke's findings almost immediately came under fire (not least from Burton). The British Association arranged a public debate to be held in Bath on 16 September 1864, but Speke was found dead the previous day, apparently killed in a hunting accident. The circumstances of his death, his dispute with Burton, and his somewhat slapdash record-keeping, have conspired to deny Speke the prominence of Stanley, Burton or Livingstone. But "the importance of Speke's discoveries can hardly be overestimated. In discovering the 'source reservoir' of the Nile he succeeded in solving the 'problem of all ages' He and Grant were the first Europeans to cross Equatorial Eastern Africa, and thereby gained for the world a knowledge of rather more than eight degrees of latitude, or about five hundred geographical miles, in a portion of Eastern Africa previously totally unknown" (ibid.) Czech p. 151; Howgego IV S53-4; Ibrahim-Hilmy 255. [Attributes: First Edition]
      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
Last Found On: 2017-10-24           Check availability:      ZVAB    

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