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THE MASS EXTERMINATION of JEWS in OCCUPIED POLAND. Note addressed to the Governments of the United Nations on December 10th, 1942, and other documents.
London, New York, Melbourne (printed in Great Britain), Published on behalf of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, (1943). 8vo. Stapled as issued. Four tiny stapling holes just underneath the staples. Duplicate from the Library of Congress with their tiny blindstamped "L.C." to title-page and p. 11, and their accession number and date in pencil on verso ("8 Jy 1943!) of title-page. P. 3 with L.C. call number and duplicate note in pencil, lightly crossed out. Top of title-page with Ministerstvo/ spraw/ Zagranicznych" (Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Poland)) in pencil, erased, but still legible - indicating that this is a copy directly from the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (then in exile, run by Raczynski) to the United States Congress. Title-page printed in red. A very fine copy. 16 pp.. Magnificent copy, from the Library of Congress (presuamably directly from the Polish Minsitry of Foreign Affairs), with their 1943 entry date, of the scarce first printing of this hugely important publication, which constitutes one of the very first official reports on Holocaust and one of the most accurate accounts presented to the West. This pamphlet almost singlehandedly made the rest of the world officially aware of the atrocities that were going on in the German concentration- and extermination-camps and forced the United States Congress to realize the fact that mass extermination of Jews was actually taking place. As far as we are aware, this is the only known copy with an original, contemporary, traceable provenance that has been on the market. A more interesting provenance of this pamphlet can scarcely be imagined - that of the United States Congress, received at so early a date, must be one of the most historically relevant copies in existence.The 16 page pamphlet is made up of 1) Raczynski's account of the ongoing Holocaust, based, among other reports, on the eye-witness-report by Jan Karski, a Polish Government emissary in occupied Poland, who bribed his way into a German concentration camp and witnessed the mass extermination of Jews here. 2) The seminal "Joint Declaration" by members of the United Nations, in which "The above-mentioned Governments and the French National Committee condemn in the strongest possible terms this bestial policy of cold-blooded extermination. They declare that such events can only strengthen the resolve of all free-loving peoples to overthrow the barbarous Hitlerite tyranny. They reaffirm their solemn resolution to ensure that those responsible for these crimes shall not escape retribution, and to press on with the necessary practical measures to this end." (p. 12).3) An extract of Deputy Prime Minister Mikolajczy's statement on behalf of the Polish Government.4) The text of Raczynski's broadcast of December 1942, in which he pleaded for action, wishing to make the public and the Allied nations "understand how real is the tragedy which is taking place not so very far from the shores of this island, on the continent of Europe - on the soil of Poland. For more than three years the Germans have consistently done everything they could to hide from the eyes of the world the martyrdom of the Polish nation, the like of which has never been known in the history of humanity. But "when we would keep silence the very stones will cry out"." (p. 15). While the details were neither complete nor wholly accurate, the Allies were informed of what the Germans were doing to the Jews at a relatively early date. The mass murder of the Jews was of such dimensions, however, that, at first, they could not believe the reports that reached them. With the aid of the present report, however, they were finally persuaded that these horrors were actually taking place and that something had to be done. In February of 1942 Jacob Grojanowski, an escaped prisoner of the Chelmno extermination camp, provided the Oneg Shabbat group with detailed information about what went on at the Chelmno camp. His report became known as the Grojanowski Report. It was smuggled out of the Warsaw Ghetto via the Polish underground and reached London in June of 1942. It is not known exactly what happened to the report at that point, but in February of 1942, the United States Office of War Information had decided not to release information about the extermination of Jews (thinking that there was a risk of the public viewing the war as only being a Jewish problem). Thus, the Grojanowski Report was not released. By at least October of 1942 British radio had broadcast news of the gassing of Jews to the Netherlands, and in December 1942, the Western Allies released their Joint Declaration [which is printed in the present publication], describing and condemning in the strongest manner Hitler's violent attempts at exterminating the Jews of Europe.In 1942 Jan Karski (1914-2000), a Polish World War II resistance movement fighter and later professor at Georgetown University gave his first report to the Polish, British, and U.S. governments on what was going on in the German extermination camps in PolandIn 1942. Karski reported to the Polish government in exile (i.e. Raczynski, who was the Ambassador and one of its most prominent leaders) and the Western Allies on the situation in German-occupied Poland. Karski personally met with Franklin Roosevelt and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden to explain what went on in Poland, and Raczynski wrote up the report. Eventually, the American Government confirmed the reports to Jewish leaders in late November 1942, and shortly thereafter they were publicized [i.e. in the present publication]. Karski's report (through Raczynski) became one of the most important reports in the history of the Holocaust, being a major factor in informing the West. It sparked one of the first official publications from the Allies on the mass extermination of Jews in Poland and resulted in the official reports and condemnations from the Allied countries, i.e. the "Joint Declaration" [also published here]. "The purpose of this publication is to make public the contents of the Note of December 10th, 1942, addresses by the Polish Government to the Governments of the United Nations concerning the mass extermination of Jews in the Polish territories occupied by Germany, and also other documents treating on the same subject. [...] In the hope that the civilized worlds will draw the appropriate conclusions, the Polish Government desire to bring to the notice of the public, by means of the present White Paper, these renewed German efforts at mass extermination, with the employment of fresh horrifying methods." (From the Introductory Note, p. 3). "Most recent reports present a horrifying picture of the position to which the Jews in Poland have been reduced. The new methods of mass slaughter applied during the last few months confirm the fact that the German autorities aim with systematic deliberation at the total extermination of the Jewsih population of Poland and of the many thousands of Jewswhom the German authorities have deported to Poland from Western and Central European countries and from the German Reich itself.The Polish Government consider it their duty to bring to the knowledge of the governments of all civilized countries the following fully authentical information received from Poland during recent weeks, which indicates all too plainly the new methods of extermination adopted by the German authorities." (p. 4)
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Last Found On: 2013-01-28           Check availability:      Antikvariat    

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