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INDONESIA – KALIMANTAN SELATAN (SOUTH BORNEO): UNTITLED MANUSCRIPT MAP OF THE BANJARMASIN REGION, SOUTH KALIMANTAN, BORNEO
[Southeastern Borneo circa ] 1862 - Manuscript, pen and ink with watercolour, on fine laid paper watermarked "EDB" / "De Erven Dk. Blauw" (Very Good, old stains with some smudging to ink in a few places, wear along old folds with very minor loss at margin lower-centre), 44.5 x 56 cm A magnificent Dutch military manuscript map depicting the theatre and decisive action of the Banjarmasin War (1859-63), an important conflict that determined the political fate of Southeastern Borneo. This important manuscript is one of the finest surviving original cartographic artifacts of the Banjarmasin War (1859 – 1863), a conflict during which the Netherlands asserted her colonial power over Southeastern Kalimantan (Borneo). While the map’s author remains anonymous, the carefully drafted manuscript map was based on original reconnaissance conducted by the Dutch East Indian Army during the conflict. Is thus one of the earliest maps to detail the interior of the southeastern portion of the phenomenally rugged interior of the vast island of Borneo. The map was clearly drafted by an officer who had close proximity to the Dutch high command towards the later part of the war, as the map features incredibly detailed and militarily sensitive information, then only available to a well-placed participant in the conflict. The map is clearly a working manuscript intended to be employed for planning military operations in the field during the heady latter days of the conflict. The map is dominated by the Barito River Basin, which flows in a generally southerly direction from deep in the interior of Borneo down into the Java Sea. The region around the basin comprises the traditional territory of the Sultanate of Banjarmasin, a state with which the Dutch had maintained a relationship (of a various nature) for over 250 years. On the map, Banjarmasin is shown divided into various Dutch political jurisdictions (the sultanate was formally annexed and dissolved by the Dutch in 1860), while the various overlaying jurisdictions, labelled with Roman numerals, refer to military sub-districts, with the grater military districts divided by double intermittent red lines. The delineation of the region’s complex river systems is very thorough and broadly accurate, even if not generally based on precise scientific measurements. Numerous towns and villages are labelled, as the Dutch, by this time, had extended their control deep into the interior. The chain of locations hosting a Dutch military presence is distinguished by the appearance the Netherlands’ tricolour flag. Importantly, labelled, in the upper centre of the map, is the route of the decisive operation of the war, Lieutenant-Colonel Verspyck’s march through the jungle to Bayan Begok, which occurred in October-November 1862. The map does not feature a title or legend and is not signed, likely because it was intended to be used in the field by the mapmaker and his associates, who naturally had no need for such information to be added to the map. All original manuscript maps made in what is today Indonesia are extremely rare, and the present map is remarkable in that it contemporarily records an important historical event. It is thus an extraordinary and unique artifact of both Indonesian and Dutch colonial history. Early Relations between the Netherlands and Banjarmasin - The Banjarmasin War and the Dutch expansionist policies in Kalimantan must be regarded within their greater historical context. The Dutch East India Company (known as the VOC, or, formally, the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie), was founded in 1602 as a commercial enterprise interested in profit, as opposed to gaining political power in and of itself. Establishing its headquarters in the Indonesian Archipelago at Batavia (Jakarta), in 1619, it attempted to maintain a limited footprint while extracting as great a yield as possible from the islands’ immense wealth in spices, precious woods and minerals. The Company tended to restrict its operations to fortified coastal bases and onl
      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
Last Found On: 2017-02-17           Check availability:      ZVAB    

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