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Cowslip, anno 1543, Fuchs Leonhart, Das Kräuterbuch
Fuchs Leonhart, 1501-1566 - Cowslip, anno 1543, Fuchs Leonhart, Das KräuterbuchLeonhart Fuchs: Das Kräuterbuch von 1543 Abb 489 (Seite: 841) : Geel Schlüsselblumen (CCCCLXXXIX) Lateinisch: Primula veris Deutsch: Schlüsselblume, echte English: Cowslip Francais: primevère officinale Bezeichnung auf den Holzschnitten: Baumann: Primula veris L. Lateinisch: VERBASCULUM CROCEUM VULGARE Deutsch: Gemain garten saffrangeel schlüsselblom Informationen von Prof. Dr. Heinrich Marzell (1938): Blüte: Blüten zitronengelb Familie: Schlüsselblumengewächse Vorkommen: In Süd- und Mitteldeutschland häufig auf trockenen Wiesen, an Waldrändern Verwendung: Der Tee aus den Blüten wird als schweißtreibendes Mittel bei Erkältungen, Brustbeschwerden gebraucht. Der Absud des Wurzelstockes ist ein schleimlösendes Mittel bei Brustleiden, auch wird er gegen Gicht und Lähmungen gebraucht Leonhart Fuchs [?f?ks] (1501 – 10 May 1566), sometimes spelled Leonhard Fuchs,[1] was a German physician and botanist. His chief notability is as the author of a large book about plants and their uses as medicines, i.e. a Herbal Book. It was first published in 1542 in Latin. It has about 500 accurate and detailed drawings of plants, which were printed from woodcuts. The drawings are the book's most notable advance on its predecessors.[2] Although drawings were in use beforehand in other Herbal books, Fuchs' Herbal book proved and emphasized high-quality drawings as the most telling way to specify what a plant name stands for. The botanical genus Fuchsia is named in his honour, and consequently the colour fuchsia. Fuchs was born in 1501 in Wemding in the Duchy of Bavaria. After attending a school in Heilbronn, Fuchs went to the Marienschule in Erfurt, Thuringia at the age of twelve, and graduated as Baccalaureus artium. In 1524 he became Magister Artium in Ingolstadt, and received a doctor of medicine degree in the same year. From 1524-1526 he practiced as a doctor in Munich, until he received a chair of medicine at Ingolstadt in 1526. From 1528-1531 he was the personal physician of Georg, Margrave of Brandenburg in Ansbach. Fuchs was called to Tübingen by Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg in 1533 to help in reforming the University of Tübingen in the spirit of humanism. He created its first medicinal garden in 1535 and served as chancellor seven times, spending the last thirty-one years of his life as professor of medicine. Fuchs died in Tübingen in 1566. Like his medieval predecessors and his contemporaries, Fuchs was heavily influenced by the three Greek and Roman writers on medicine and materia medica, Dioscorides, Hippocrates, and Galen. He wanted to fight the Arab hegemony in medicine, as it had been transmitted by the Medical School of Salerno, and to "return" to the Greek authors. But he saw the importance of practical experience as well and offered botanical field days for the students, where he demonstrated the medicinal plants in situ. He founded one of the first German botanical gardens. MONTED BEHIND PASSEPARTOUT, SIZE: 40x30 and 30x20 cm. [Attributes: Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Hammelburger Antiquariat]
Last Found On: 2016-05-23           Check availability:      ZVAB    

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