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Photo Album - WWI - Sudan's Governor - Photographs, Watercolours and Ephemera Featuring British Politicians & Nobles
Sudan, 1908. Sudan, Egypt, England, 1908-1954. Album of autographs, photographs, signed manuscript letters, ephemeral programmes and memorable invitations, mostly pertaining to the Sudan, compiled and kept by Lady Catherine Wingate, wife of General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate, Governor of the Sudan, features several British notables including colonial administrators, diplomats, prominent military men, and influential philanthropists. Contents include numerous signatures, original photographs, special invitations, British regimental Christmas cards, army illustrations, and newspaper announcements, most mounted to cardstock leafs, a sacnt few placed loosely within. Also with three original watercolours of the pyramids and desert of Egypt. Oblong folio. Half-morocco over green cloth album, gilt tooled to front, with the original bookbinder's label, "Sudan Printing Press, Binding Department, Khartoum." Very good condition, a fascinating volume with an exceptionally appreciable number of notable signatures. The Durham University Library holds a collection of Sir Wingate's papers. Compiled during his service as Governor-General of the Sudan, and as Sirdar of the Egyptian Army, Sir Francis Reginald Wingate spent thirty-seven years in Egypt and the Sudan. This album represents his significant political and social connections, some most memorable events, and recognition for his distinguished service, forming a unique personal memoir of colonial affairs while illustrrating the charmed life upheld as resident of the palace of Khartoum where he hosted many guests of high standing. At the beginning of the album is a large albumen print photograph (36 x 27,5 cm) of Sir Reginald Wingate, his wife and a devout humanitarian Catherine ("Kitty"), with some friends from the Royal Army. All of these parties have signed the photograph, as well as Sir Wingate himself: • Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur John Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham (1849-1931), British soldier, courtier, Private Secretary to Queen Victoria and then to George V • Lieutenant Colonel Sir George Stewart Symes (1882-1962), British Army officer and colonial Governor in Palestine, Tanganyika, then Governor-General of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan • Captain The Honorable John Neville Bigge (1887-1915), 1st Battalion King?'s Royal Rifle Corps, who was killed in action near Festubert in France, on May 15 1915, and was the only son of Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur John Bigge, 1st Baron Stamfordham • Major Ronald Walter Hadow (1883-1919), D.S.O. Royal Highlander The latter is followed by a large photograph of the Governor's Palace in Khartoum, (28 x 19 cm), surrounded by signatures of the following people, and others, to the margins: • Cyril Asquith, Baron Asquith of Bishopstone (1890-1954), barrister, judge and law lord • Cyril Asquith's sister Helen Violet Bonham Carter, Baroness Asquith of Yarnbury, DBE (1887-1969), known until her marriage as Violet Asquith, a British politician, diarist, and close friend of Sir Winston Churchill. Lady Violet lived in an age when women were uncommon in frontline British politics. She was nonetheless active as President of the Women's Liberal Federation (1923-25, 1939-45) and was the first woman to serve as President of the Liberal Party (1945-47). • Julian Radnor [née Balfour], wife of Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, 6th Earl of Radnor • John Anstruther of the Anstruther Baronetcy Two classic scenes of Egypt's desert and pyramids, as well as a Nile scene, appear in the form of watercolour art, one of which is a large panorama. The desert scenes are signed by the artists. Watercolours measure 18.5 x 11 cm; 34 x 12 cm; and 13.5 x 9.5 cm, respectively. Beside the panoramic watercolour scene is the rare, original signature of Sir Ronald Henry Amherst Storrs, KCMG, CBE (1881-1955), British Colonial diplomat, who entered the Finance Ministry of the Egyptian Government in 1904 and serving as Oriental Secretary in Cairo from 1909. In 1917 he became Political Officer representing the Egyptian Expeditionary Force in Mesopotamia. He later served as Military Governor of Jerusalem, Governor of Cyprus, and Governor of Northern Rhodesia. On the same leaf as a 1914 music programme for a New Year's event held at the Khartoum palace we find the watercolour Nile scene, and the signatures of the following people: • Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener(1850-1916), 1st Earl Kitchener, known as Lord Kitchener of Khartoum," a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who earned fame after securing control of the Sudan by winning the Battle of Omdurman in 1898. • Kitchener's friend and his aide-de-camp, Captain Oswald Fitzgerald (1875-1916) of the 18th Bengal Lancers, who joined Kitchener in 1904 and was his closest companion until they drowned together in 1916 in the sinking of HMS Hampshire. [It has been rumoured that Kitchener and Fitzgerald were intimately involved. Fitzgerald had saved his boss from a would-be assassin in Cairo and Kitchener had planned to bequeath his 5,000-acre African estate to him. Kitchener was not married, and was said to have had no use for maried men on his staff. The two had worked alongside each other for nine years, said to have been inseparable, although there is no evidence of any private matters.] • Major John Henry Monins (1851-1920) of Ringwould House, Dover, Kent. - also signed by his wife Edith Julia (née Cobbold), and his first daughter Adela Mary Evelyn Monins who was Kitchener's second cousin • Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria; 1884-1966) of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, who signed a Christmas card addressed to Lady Wingate, circa 1904-1905 A group of ten (10) original photographs commemorating the first airmail flight in Egypt, from Cairo to Khartoum, made by French aviator pioneer and stunt flyer Marc Pourpe (1887-1914), are accompanied by the pilot's signature and inscription which reads, "Le jour ou j'ai accompli mon plus beau voyage ariel. Le 12 Janvier 1914, Khartoum." [An aviation week was held in Heleniopolis near Cairo, during which time the first airmail link was inaugurated in Egypt. A temporary post office was erected and commemorative stamp was issued. Pourpe flew over 1250 miles to deliver an official sack of mail to British authorities in Khartoum.] Together with a newspaper article describing King George Day and the Wingate's silver wedding gift presentation made by Sir Edgar Bonham-Carter in 1913, these signatures appear: • Sir Edgar Bonham-Carter, KCMG, CIE (1870-1956), British barrister and administrator in the Sudan and Iraq • Sir Wasey Sterry (1866-1955), British Colonial administrator, serving as acting Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan for periods betwen 1923 and 1925. In 1901 he entered the British Colonial Service and was assigned to the Sudan to serve as judge in the courts. In 1907 Wasey received the third class of the Egyptian order of the Medjidie from H.H. the Khedive of Egypt. He was appointed Chief Justice of Sudan in 1915. Two years later he became Legal Secretary to the colonial Government of Sudan and remained in this position until 1926. In 1918 he received his C.B.E.(Civil). • R. Bruce, presumably Ian Robert Craufurd George Mary Bruce, M.B.E. (1890-1956), Brigadier in the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders since 1915, sent with the 2nd Battalion Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders (Egypt) in 1937, and stationed for many years in Africa The volume yields yet more autographs, dispersed throughout, penned on assorted stationery or on the album leafs directly, a few examples being: • Three equestrian related photographs and race programme for the 1913 Governor-Generals' cup held in Khartoum, including a large photograph of the winning horse (Abu Gnoob), the jockey, and the horse's owners Major Ronald Walter Hadow (1883-1919), D.S.O. Royal Highlander, and Captain John Kennedy, whom each sign below. The third image, on the adjacent leaf, is of Wingate giving out Governor-General Trophy. Ephemeral programmes for the Khartoum Racing Club were also preserved. • Signature of Major Hesperus Watkiss Lloyd (ca.1873-1915), of the Cameronians, Scottish Rifles, who served in the Egyptian Army from 1898-1908, was made Governor of Kordofan (Sudan) and Officer Commanding the District, 1st January 1908, and died fighting in Battle of Neuve Chapelle, France in 1915 • The signature of Major F. T. Lloyd of the Royal Artillery, who commanded the 7-pounder Camel Battery, 1st Brigade, Scottish Division in the Egypt Campaign 1882 of the Anglo-Egyptian War, clipped and mounted to a British Army greeting card issued with regiment insignia and blue tartan bow • A photograph of a military man mounted on a camel, with the clipped signature of Postlethwaite below (possibly Private E.R. Postlethwaite of 1/4 Battalion, Duke of Cornwall Battalion, A.E. Company, No 2 Officers' Prisoners of War Camp, Egypt). • The signature of Colonel Henry George Gandy of the Royal Engineers (born 1879 - died between 1938-1941), who was assistant director of telegraphs in the Sudan from 1909-1911 and who is remembered for his watercolours made in the Sudan, and who had previously served inthe Second Boer War, clipped and mounted to a British Army greeting card issued with vibrant regiment insignia and cloth bow • An illustrated greeting card from a Mr. Grant, signed and dated at Port Said on 16 December 1913 With fascinating content also relating to the Wingates' governing of the Sudan and their distinguished foreign guests, some of the letters herein include: ALS from Captain Hawker, Commander of the Red Sea Military District from 1907-1909, to Lady Wingate, dated 20 December 1908, written on the stationery of the Cataract Hotel in Assouan, and thanking her for her hospitality in Khartoum. 8vo. 3 pages in manuscript. [Hawker previously served with the Coldstream Guards and the Egyptian Army from 1899-1909.] ALS from Prince Alexander of Battenberg, 20 December 1908, to Lady Wingate, written on the stationery of the Cataract Hotel in Assouan [Aswan], describing a visit to Egypt. 8vo. 4 pages in manuscript. [Prince Alexander Albert of Battenberg (1886-1960) was of the Hessian princely Battenberg family and the extended British Royal Family, being a grandson of Queen Victoria. In 1917, when the British Royal Family relinquished their German titles, he was created Alexander Albert Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke by King George V. He served in the Royal Navy and in the Army, receiving among many other honours, the Order of the Nile] ALS from Prince Leopold Arthur Louis of Battenberg, 24 December 1908, to Lady Wingate, written on the stationery of the Cataract Hotel in Assouan, with similar content as the others. 8vo. 2 pages in manuscript. [Prince Leopold of Battenberg (1889-1922) was of the Hessian princely Battenberg family and the extended British Royal Family, being a grandson of Queen Victoria. In 1917, when the British Royal Family relinquished their German titles, he was created Lord Leopold Mountbatten] ALS from Sir Victor George Corkran, 21 December 1908, to Lady Wingate, written on the stationery of the Cataract Hotel in Assouan, also thanking her for her gracious hospitality at the Khartoum Palace. 8vo. 2 pages in manuscript. [Sir Victor George Corkran (1873-1934) was Comptroller of the Household to HRH Princess Beatrice. He was invested as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order]. ALS from Ian Hamilton (Sir General Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton 1853-1947), senior officer in the British Army, addressed to Lady Wingate, dated 11/1/1913 while onboard a Sudan Government steamer on Lake Nasser, passing the Abu Simbel Temple. The letter mentions a work he had written, most likely the "Manual of combined naval and military operations (HMSO for War Office, London, 1913)." [He served in the Afghan, Egypt, Burma, and Second Boer wars, being Kitchener's Chief of Staff in South Africa. He also served under Field Marshal Frederick Roberts, who was a close friend and whose daughter Edwina is mentioned in the letter. ALS penned at Mansoura, Egypt, from Bilal Hilani, to Lady Wingate, soliciting employment as "Director of the Palace" at Khartoum. Folio. 2 pages in manuscript. Double leaf. ALS addressed to Lady Wingate, penned at Um Ruaba (Um Rawaba) in North Kurdufan, March 1914, from a man named Hassan Saleh Khalifa, who had served in the Egyptian Army under Major General Pasha John Harrison Randall, in which he confesses having committed a punishable offence, and with some flattery, requests employment and pay from the Sudan government. Excerpt: "...This is not above your power as you are not less than a Queen especially in the well known assistance to all the Sudan natives." Folio. 1 page. Single leaf, split at fold. Two official signed typed letters, from the German and Dutch Diplomatic Agencies, respectively, both in Cairo, both addressed to Sir Wingate and made in March 1912. ALS invitation from Charles Cheers Wakefield, 1st Viscount Wakefield CBE (1859-1941), founder of the Wakefield Oil Company and Castrol lubricants, Lord Mayor of London and a significant philanthropist 8vo. on his personal letterhead, dated 3 March 1939. The volume ends with a large 5 page document in Arabic script, elegantly printed in gilt, and adjacent to an English and English printing of a poem first made in 1913, titled "A Greeting to Khartoum". General Sir Reginald Wingate, 1st Baronet, G.C.B., G.C.V.O., G.B.E., K.C.M.G., D.S.O., T.D. (1861-1953) was a British general and administrator in Egypt and the Sudan. He served in India and Aden from March 1881 to 1883, when he joined the 4th Battalion of the Egyptian Army on its re-organisation by Sir Evelyn Wood with the brevet rank of major. In the 1884-1885 Gordon Relief Expedition at Khartoum which had been sieged by the Mahdist army, he was aide-de-camp and military secretary to Sir Evelyn. In 1883 he received the Order of Osmanieh 4th Class from the Khedive. In June 1885, he was a member of 'Mentioned in Despatches' for service in operations in the Suakin and Upper Nile regions. He was Assistant Military Secretary to Sir Francis Grenfell from 1886, Assistant Adjutant General Intelligence from 1887. His principal work was in the intelligence division, of which he became Assistant Adjutant-General in 1888. He was Director of Military Intelligence in 1889, taking part in the operations on the Sudan frontier in 1889, including the engagement at Toski for which he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO). A master of Arabic, his knowledge of the country, the examination of prisoners, refugees and others from the Sudan, and the study of documents captured from the Dervishes enabled him to publish in 1891 "Mahdiism and the Egyptian Sudan", an authoritative account of the rise of the Muhammad Ahmad and of subsequent events in the Sudan up to that date. In 1891 he was present at the capture of Tokar. He served briefly as Governor of the Red Sea Littoral and Commandant of Suakin in 1894. Wingate also made the arrangements which led to the escape of Slatin Pasha in 1895. He translated into English Father Ohrwalder's narrative "Ten Years in the Mahdi's Camp" (1892) and Slatin's book "Fire and Sword in the Sudan" (1896). In December 1899, Wingate succeeded Lord Kitchener as Governor-General of the Sudan, and as Sirdar of the Egyptian Army, holding this post until 1916. His administration of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was successful, the country regaining a degree of prosperity, its infrastructure also being rebuilt and expanded. In the Sudan, he entertained European notables in the Palace built for Kitchener in Khartoum, repaired in hot weather to Erkowit in the Red Sea Hills. He travelled extensively throughout the country in vice-regal style. In 1909 he earned the gratitude of the American President Theodore Roosevelt for granting the Smithsonian-Roosevelt safari a Nile steamer for travel between Gondokoro and Khartoum. Among numerous other decorations and honours, in 1915 he was awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Nile, and in 1917 the Grand Cordon of the Order of Mohammed Ali. The First World War presented Wingate with new challenges. Khedieval Egypt's overlord Ottoman Turkey joined the Central Powers causing Britain to declare Egypt a protectorate. In part as a result of timely measures ordered by Wingate, the Sudan remained calm however. In 1916 Wingate fought a successful campaign against the sultanate of Darfur, whose ruler had shown signs of disaffection. In 1917, Wingate succeeded Sir Henry McMahon as High Commissioner in Egypt, a post he held until 1919, but Egypt was a very different place from the pre-war Khedivate and Wingate found himself made scapegoat for the riots incited by the revolutionary Saad Zaghlul and his party. From 1916 to 1919 he was also commander of military operations in the Hedjaz, being made Colonel Commandant of the Royal Artillery on 17 May 1917. It was on this eastern front that Wingate made his greatest contribution to the war effort. The Sudan's proximity to the Hedjaz made it a natural link in the chain of communication between the British and Sharif and Emir of Mecca who, in 1916, initiated the Arab Revolt. Wingate played an early, lasting, and important part in the campaign as the commander of military operations in the Hedjaz. He was quick to recognise T.E. Lawrence as a visionary, and after his epic journey into Lebabon and Syria unhesitatingly recommended him for the Victoria Cross that he never received. In 1917 Wingate saw his first battle tank and recorded in his diary that the two of them that had been involved in the capture of Gaza were named Sir Reginald and Lady Wingate. Wingate left Egypt and in 1920 was given a baronetcy in the King's Birthday Honours, being gazetted as Baronet Wingate of Dunbar, in the County of Haddington, and of Port Sudan. He retired from the Army in early 1922 and afterwards enjoyed a long and fruitful business career. On 18 June 1888 Reginald Wingate married British humanitarian Catherine Leslie Rundle (1858-1946), who then became known as Dame Catherine Wingate. Lady Wingate was president of the Cairo and Alexandria Red Cross Committee between 1917 and 1919, when her husband was High Commissioner of Egypt. . Very Good.
      [Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts, ]
Last Found On: 2016-02-06           Check availability:      Biblio    

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