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WENZEL HOLLAR - ALBRECHT DÜRER: Jungfrau mit offenem Haar - Woman with unloosened hair (after Dürer): Quid virgo sparsis.
- This finely engraved copper engraving by Wenzel Hollar from 1646 is based on a Renaissance painting by a Nuremberg artist and one of the most famous German painters Albrecht Durer. The portrait shows a young woman with loose hair, looking downwards, holding her hands in a prayer. Durer’s monogram shows at a neutral background as well as a coat of arms of a noble family Furleger from Nuremberg. The original painting named "Women with Unloosened Hair", today in the Städel Museum in Frankfurt, probably represents Katharina Furleger, who was posing for Durer twice, also for a pendant version of this portrait. The other possibility is that Durer painted two sisters from the same family. The young woman on the other portrait has her hair pulled up in a neat Renaissance style. Durer painted the young Katharina Furleger as a Virgin Mary, what resembles his autoportrait painting himself with christomorphic features. VáclavHollar: Restoration England’s Greatest Engraver Václav Hollar (1607 – 1677), also known as Wenceslaus (in English) or Wenzel (in German) Hollar, was born in Prague, the capital of Bohemia in 1607, into a bourgeois Protestant family. At the time of his birth, Prague was perhaps the greatest artistic center in Europe, due to the extravagant patronage of Emperor Rudolf II, who sponsored many of the continent’s greatest artists to reside in the city. However, by the time of Václav’s adolescence, Prague and indeed all of Bohemia, was being ravaged by the Thirty Years’ War (1618-48). The fortunes of his family were ruined and his plans to become a lawyer were doomed owing to his Protestant faith in a country now governed by Catholic zealots. Hollar learned drawing, etching and engraving as a gentlemanly hobby, but in light of his new circumstances and his natural talent, became a professional artist. While Hollar developed his own distinct style, he was very much influenced by the German Renaissance master Albrecht Dürer. Many of his finest achievements are interpretations of Dürer’s works, including Women with Unloosened Hair (1646). Hollar moved to the Stuttgart area in 1627, before continuing on to Strasbourg. By 1633, he was in Cologne. In 1636, that city, Hollar had the great fortune to encounter Thomas Howard, the 21st Earl of Arundel, who was on his way down the Rhine, returning to England from an embassy to Vienna. Arundel was perhaps the greatest contemporary English connoisseur of the visual arts and, amazed by the young Czech’s awesome talent, he immediately invited him to join his entourage as his official artist. By 1637, Hollar had relocated to England, and while he executed many assignments for Arundel, he was still free to pursue commissions from other patrons. Shortly after his arrival in England, Hollar engraved a View of Greenwich, a massive panorama of the Thames port town featuring Inigo Jones’s pioneering work edifice, the Queen’s House. Upon Arundel’s hasty departure from England (due to political reasons), Hollar switched to the employ of the Duke of York. While the advent of the English Civil War (1642-8) ensured many new commissions, it also led to great financial troubles for Hollar, as many of his clients proved unable to pay the promised fees. His etching Civilis Seditio (1643) is considered to be on of the most evocative images epitomizing the internecine conflict. Hollar was eventually compelled to relocate to Antwerp, where his best-known work was the magnificent view, the Cathedral of Our Lady (1649). Hollar returned to London in 1652. Upon the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660, Hollar found himself in difficult position. While he was apolitical and had many connections with leading Royalists, he was also close to some prominent members of Cromwell’s late administration. While no outward punitive action was taken, Royalist officials suspected him of being disloyal and ungrateful to the king’s court and thus for years Hollar had great difficulty gaining commissions from the crown or the hig
      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
Last Found On: 2016-01-15           Check availability:      ZVAB    

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