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LAERTIOU DIOGENOUS PERI BIÔN DOGMATÔN KAI APOPHTHEGMATÔN TÔN EN PHILOSOPHIA EUDOKIMÊSANTÔN BIBLIA I'. Laertii Diogenis De vitis dogmatis et apophthegmatis eorum qui in philosophia claruerunt, libri X. Thoma Aldobrandino interprete, cum annotationibus ejusdem. Quibus accesserunt annotationes H. Stephani, & utriusque Casauboni, cum uberrimis Aegidii Menagii observationibus.
London, (Londini), Impensis Octaviani Pulleyn, typis Tho. Ratcliffe, 1664. Folio. (XLVII, including the indices),(1 blank),3,(1 blank),303,(1 blank),(4),151,(1 blank),283,(1 blank),18,(1 errata),(1 blank) (4),26,(16) p. Vellum 35.5 cm (Ref: Hoffmann 1,565/66, offers a long list of the contents; Moss 1,399/400: 'A very rare and good edition'; Dibdin 1,502/03: 'splendid work'; Brunet 2,719/20; Graesse 2,396; Ebert 6175) (Details: Back with 5 raised bands. Boards blind tooled. The second 'A gathering' has been bound at the wrong place, it should preceed the gatherings 'B-2Q4', which gatherings offer the observations and emendations of Menagius. The indices are also at the wrong place, they have been bound at the end of the preliminary leaves. This book does contain however at the end the often lacking 16 pages with the 'Auctarium addendorum et mutandorum in observationibus Aegidii Menagii in Diogenem Laertium', which 16 pages also include the 'errata typographica') (Condition: Vellum age-tanned. Back rubbed. Corners bumped. Vellum curling loose at the edges. Front flyleaf partly detached) (Note: The greatest known source of information about the philosophers of antiquity The 'Lives and Doctrines of the Philosophers' of the Greek author Diogenes Laertius, who lived probably in the first half of the third century A.D., is still 'our best indirect source of knowledge for classical philosophy'. The 'Lives' comprises both a biographical and a doxographical account, basically focused on Greek thinkers from the 6th to the 3rd century B.C. (from Thales to Epicurus), although references to schools and individuals extend to at least the 2nd century A.D.' (The Classical Tradition, Cambr. Mass. 2010, p. 271) Diogenes Laertius drew his material from earlier compilations, and his doxographic account offers long excerpts from primary texts not transmitted elsewhere, for example Epicurus' 'Principal Doctrines'. Diogenes' reliability and value differ from passage to passage. Some give invaluable information, other passages offer mere caricature. His approach is not a 'systematic analysis, but rather a eulogistic narrative of the course of ancient philosophy, and of the four main classical schools, the Academy, Peripatetics, Stoics and Epicureans. Anecdotal and perhaps largely apocryphal in nature, still it gave to Renaissance humanists, like Leonardo Bruni, Machiavelli, Erasmus et alii, some conception of ancient philosophy, especially of Platonic and Epicurean thought.' (Ch.L. Stinger, 'Humanism and the Church Fathers: Ambrogio Traversari (1386-1439) and Christian antiquity in the Italian Renaissance', Albany 1977, p. 71) § The 'editio princeps' of Diogenes Laertius was published in Basel in 1533. This 1664 edition is based on the edition which was published in Rome in 1594 by the Italian scholar Thomas Aldobrandini, brother of Pope Clemens VIII. Under Pope Pius V he was 'Secretary of Briefs to Princes and of Latin Letters' of the Roman Curia. He died young, before he could finish his Latin translation of Diogenes Laertius, and complete and polish his notes. His version and notes do not extend beyond the 'Life of Leucippus' in the ninth book. His cousin, the Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini completed the work and superintended its publication. Thomas Aldobrandini's Greek text and Latin translation were praised by the Diogenes' specialists Isaac and Meric Casaubon. His notes were incorporated in all later editions of Diogenes Laertius. This 1664 edition contains besides the Greek text and Latin translation of Aldobrandini (331 p.), the annotations of the French scholars Henricus Stephanus II, and Isaac Casaubon (58 p.), of Aldobrandini (92 p.), and of Meric Casaubon (16 p.), and the elaborate and learned commentary of the French scholar Giles de Ménage of Angers, or Aegidius Menagius (283 p.). Menagius, 1613-1692, was a parliamentary barrister and later became prior of Mont-Didier. He published a discourse on the Heautontimorumenos of Terentius and notes on Lucianus. Among classicists he is known for his notes on Diogenes Laertius, and among the specialists in gender studies as the author of the 'Historia Mulierum Philosopharum' (see below). This 1664 edition of Diogenes Laertius was published under the inspection of the English scholar and bishop John Pearson. Menagius worked for years on his commentary, but he had to abandon this project on the advice of his medicin, because of his bad health. A great part of it perished through the negligence of his secretary. When however the rumour reached England that Menagius had been compiling a huge commentary, the London publisher Pulleyn, wanting to publish a Diogenes edition, urged him to finish what he had begun. ('Pulleynus, repetitis litteris illum commovit, ut manum denuo admoveret telae, quam texere coeperat', Moss 1,400). Menagius put his hand once again on the plough and had printed in 1662 in Paris at his own cost a few copies of his commentary, which he sent to Bishop John Pearson for publication. § Menagius published in 1690 his 'Historia Mulierum Philosopharum'. He already had a 'soft' reputation, because he was ridiculed by Molière in his 'Femmes Savantes' (1672), where he appears as Vadius. For those involved in gender studies we quote the abstract of an article of professor Richard Maber: 'The late work of Gilles Ménage (1613-1692), 'Historia mulierum philosopharum' (1690), is a compilation of all the information that he could gather concerning women philosophers from earliest antiquity to the fourteenth century. It made little impact when first published, but is currently the subject of renewed interest in the context of women's studies, with recent translations into English, French, Italian, and Spanish. However the work's true importance is much greater than has been realised. Ménage included it, as he had always intended, in his monumental and definitive edition of Diogenes Laertius's Lives of the Philosophers (1692), the greatest known source of information about the (male) philosophers of antiquity. Ménage's Historia thus became a supplement, and corrective, to Diogenes Laertius, and was included with subsequent editions and translations of the irreplaceable Greek text. In this way, the reality of women's capacity for the highest intellectual achievement was incontrovertibly established, and women were integrated into the mainstream of the history of philosophy. An analysis (...) demonstrates how, thanks explicitly to Ménage's work, the role of women was now seen as crucial to modern intellectual life'. (Maber, Richard G. (2010). Re-Gendering Intellectual Life: Gilles Ménage and his Histoire des femmes philosophes. Seventeenth-Century French Studies 32(1): 45-60)) (Provenance: On the verso of the front flyleaf: 'Jun 1774, Ambr. Dorhout'. Ambrosius Dorhout, born in the Frisian capital Leeuwarden in 1699, died in Dokkum in 1776. He studied theology and was appointed minister in several small cities. From 1745 he was active in Dokkum. (DBNL 3,295)) (Collation: A4, A4, *4, (a)4, (b)2, *+*6 (leaf *+*6 verso blank); A-2 (leaf A2 verso blank), A-2A6, 2B8,(leaf 2B8 verso blank); B-V4, X2 (leaf X2 verso blank); B-2Q4 (leaf 2O & 2Q4 verso blank); A-C4, D4 (minus leaf D4); *-4*2) (The Indices, which should be at the end, have been bound at the end of the preliminary leaves. The second 'A gathering' of this book has been bound at the wrong place, it should preceed the gatherings 'B-2Q4', which gatherings offer the observations and emendations of Menagius) (Photographs on request) (Heavy book, may require extra shipping costs)
      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Fragmenta Selecta]
Last Found On: 2017-06-22           Check availability:      IOBABooks    


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