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Porphyriou Philiosophou Peri apochês empsuchôn biblia tessara. Porphyrii Philosophi De abstinentia ab esu animalium libri quatuor. Cum notis integris Petri Victorii et Ioannis Valentini, et interpretatione Latina Ioannis Bernardi Feliciani. Editionem curavit & suas itemque Ioannis Iacobi Reiskii notas adiecit Iacobus De Rhoer. Accedunt IV. Epistolae de Apostasia Porphyrii.
Utrecht (Trajecti ad Rhenum), Apud Abrahamum a Paddenburg, 1767. 4to. (XXXIV),398,14 (index) p. Contemporary blue paper wrappers. 26.5 cm (Ref: STCN p.p. 203266617; Hoffmann 3,284; Schweiger 1,274; Brunet 4,823/24; Ebert 17791; Graesse 5,415) (Details: This is how books were sold by publishers before the technological revolution of the 19th century. This book has its original stiff blue paper wrappers. Books were sold with a provisional cover, often of blue paper; they had to be sent by the buyer to the binder to be replaced by a binding of his choice. The title is printed in red and black. Greek and Latin printed in 2 columns, the commentary is on the lower half of the page. Some copies have a leaf containing a stocklist of the publisher bound before the title) (Condition: Back almost broken but still hanging on one tie. Both paper covers are loose; the paper on the back is wearing away; both flyleaves are heavily browned, the rest of the paper is of excellent quality) (Note: The first work 'On the abstention of eating flesh' is the most important work on ancient vegetarianism that has survived. In it Porphyrius tries to convince his friend Firmus Castricius to abstain from the eating of flesh of slaughtered animals at the official offerings to the Gods. It is a kind encyclopaedia of ancient vegetarian and anti vegetarian thought. The author is the Greek scholar and philosopher Porphyrius, 232/3 - ca. 305 A.D., who was more a polymath than an original thinker. In his numerous treatises and commentaries he has the good habit of quoting his sources by name. He thus presevered many fragments of older learnings. (OCD, 2nd ed. p. 864/65) Porphyrius was a student of Plotinus, whose Enneads he edited somewhere after 300. Most of his work is written from a Plotinian point of view. He produced also numerous philosophical commentaries on Plato, Aristotle, Theophrastus and Plotinus. His commentary on the Categories of Aristotle became a standard medieval textbook of logic. His philologic work include his 'Homeric Investigations', a landmark in the history of Homeric scholarship, and 'De antro Nympharum', a specimen of allogorizing interpretation. As for Plotinus, the aim of philosophy was for Porphyrius the communion with God, and an ascetic life was the way to achieve this. An important element of ascetism was the abstinence of eating flesh and killing animals for that purpose. The Greek philosopher Pythagoras, 6th century B.C., is considered to be the founder of vegetarianism. Membership to his order entailed inter alia a strict discipline of purity and the abstention from flesh. Many ancient vegetarians believed in the transmission of the human soul to other human beings, including animals. Others believed that eating flesh was injurious to the health of body and soul. For others a vegetarian lifestyle was preferable out of concern for animals themselves. Animals can suffer like humans, and therefore the use of violent and unnecessary killing of them ought to be avoided. 'Perhaps the most sophisticated grounds for ancient vegetarianism, however, are found in Porphyry. His argument (...) involves the claim that rationality is not a defensible criterion for receiving moral respect, because on this basis many members of our own species (the marginal cases of humanity, including the mentally defective) would not be protected. If we lowered the criterion for receiving moral respect to sentiency, so as to protect the marginal cases of humanity, we must, in order to be consistent, also protect sentient animals'. (The Classical Tradition, Cambr. Mass., 2010, p. 960/61, s.v. Vegetarianism) Sentiency, the ability to feel and to suffer, still is the cornerstone of modern vegitarianism and the 'animal rights's movement'. This edition of 'De abstinentia' was produced by the Dutch classical scholar Jacobus de Rhoer, born in 1723. He was a student of Peter Wesseling, professor of Greek of the University at Utrecht. In 1745 he became professor 'Historiae, Eloquentiae et Linguae Graecae' of the Athenaeum at Deventer. In his last years in Deventer De Rhoer produced this edition. It was dedicated to the 20 members of the City Council, for which dedication De Rhoer received 100 Ducates. In 1767 De Rhoer succeeded Van Lennnep as professor of Eloquence and Greek of the University at Groningen. (J.G. Gerretzen, Schola Hemsterhusiana, Nijmegen 1940, p. 329-336) See for his portrait his short lemma in Wikipedia. De Rhoer died in 1813. The basis for his edition was a manuscript from the collection of the Dutch book collector G. Meerman. (Praefatio p. II) He thanks in the preface also the German philologist Johann Jakob Reiske who lived in Leipzig, for having sent him his readings of a 'Codex Lipsiensis'. (p. III) In constituting the Greek text he follows the edition which was published in Cambridge in 1655. De Rhoer was a conservative critic, so he corrected it when he thougth necessary. (p. VII) (Collation: pi2 (minus leaf p1, containing on the verso a stocklist of the publisher); *-4*4; A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa-Eee4, Fff2) (Photographs on request)
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Last Found On: 2017-06-22           Check availability:      IOBABooks    


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