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2019-06-06 15:37:06
ARCHIMEDES [COMMANDINO, Federico]
De iis quae vehuntur in aqua libri duo. A Federico Commandino Urbinate in pristinum nitorem restituti, et commentariis illustrati. [Bound with:] COMMANDINO. Liber de centro gravitatis solidorum
Alessandro Benacci, Bologna, 1565. First edition of both works, a spectacular copy in a mid-seventeenth century red morocco armorial binding from the Library of Felipe Ramirez de Guzmán (ca. 1600-1668), Duke of Medina de las Torres, Viceroy of Naples. The first work is the first complete edition of the foundation work of hydrostatics, Archimedes' On Floating Bodies, which includes the eponymous 'Archimedes' principle' of buoyancy; the second is the first published work on centres of gravity of solid bodies. "Archimedes ? together with Newton and Gauss ? is generally regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians the world has ever known, and if his influence had not been overshadowed at first by Aristotle, Euclid and Plato, the progress of modern mathematics might have been much faster . In hydrostatics [Archimedes] described the equilibrium of floating bodies and stated the famous proposition - known by his name - that, if a solid floats in a fluid, the weight of the solid is equal to that of the fluid displaced and, if a solid heavier than a fluid is weighed in it, it will be lighter than its true weight by the weight of the fluid displaced" (PMM, p. 44). For his edition of On Floating Bodies, Commandino (1509-75) used a Latin translation, from a now lost Greek text, by Flemish Dominican William of Moerbeke (1215-86) in 1269 (Moerbeke's holograph remains intact in the Vatican library, Codex Ottobonianus Latinus 1850); for this work he had no access to a Greek text, unlike the five other Archimedean works he had previously translated. But the Greek text used by Moerbeke wa … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS [Koebenhavn V, Denmark]
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