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2014-07-07 12:40:18
JORDANUS DE NEMORE
Opusculum de ponderositate. Nicolai Tartaleæ studio correctum novisque figuris auctum
Venice: Curzio Troiano Navò, 1565. Venice: Curzio Troiano Navò, 1565. Carta rustica. Good. Carta rustica. 4to (219 × 152 mm), ff. 20, [4, final blank]; engraved title with woodcut device (including lion rampant); woodcut initials and head- and tail-pieces; numerous diagrams; dampstaining to upper edges of front wrapper and initial leaves; stitched in early carta rustica, some staining, with ink and pencil inscription to front, including a pencil-drawn circle with interior lenses; else good. Editio princeps of the Liber jordani de ratione ponderis, together with Niccolò Tartaglia's description of his experiments on specific weights, the first experimental tables of specific gravity of materials.Jordanus de Nemore (d. c. 1237), sometimes called Jordanus Nemorarius, was an essentially anonymous writer, who composed a number of treatises on mathematical topics, including mechanics and statics (treated here), the 'algorismi', algebra, geometry, and stereographic projection, as well as pure and applied arithmetic. In his work on weights (mechanics), Jordanus 'proved most helpful' in the medieval revision of Aristotle's theory of force and movement, in which he stated 'that a body can move only under one type of force at a time [since] if two were acting, one would destroy the other.' (Kline, p. 212) Jordanus 'showed that the force under which a body thrown straight out moved at any instant could be resolved into two components, natural gravity acting downward and a "violent" horizontal force of projection. This idea was taken up by da Vinci, Stevin, Galileo, and Descartes.' (ib … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Abel Rare Books Ltd.
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